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1. Biomedical articles (top 50; 2009 to 2014)
1. |||||||||. 100%  Sexton S, Natale R: Risks and benefits of pacifiers. Am Fam Physician; 2009 Apr 15;79(8):681-5
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  • [Source] The source of this record is MEDLINE®, a database of the U.S. National Library of Medicine.
  • [Title] Risks and benefits of pacifiers.
  • Physicians are often asked for guidance about pacifier use in children, especially regarding the benefits and risks, and when to appropriately wean a child.
  • The benefits of pacifier use include analgesic effects, shorter hospital stays for preterm infants, and a reduction in the risk of sudden infant death syndrome.
  • Pacifiers have been studied and recommended for pain relief in newborns and infants undergoing common, minor procedures in the emergency department (e.g., heel sticks, immunizations, venipuncture).
  • The American Academy of Pediatrics recommends that parents consider offering pacifiers to infants one month and older at the onset of sleep to reduce the risk of sudden infant death syndrome.
  • Potential complications of pacifier use, particularly with prolonged use, include a negative effect on breastfeeding, dental malocclusion, and otitis media.
  • The American Academy of Family Physicians recommends that mothers be educated about pacifier use in the immediate postpartum period to avoid difficulties with breastfeeding.
  • The American Academy of Pediatrics and the American Academy of Family Physicians recommend weaning children from pacifiers in the second six months of life to prevent otitis media.
  • Pacifier use should not be actively discouraged and may be especially beneficial in the first six months of life.
  • [MeSH-major] Pacifiers / adverse effects
  • [MeSH-minor] Age Factors. Child, Preschool. Humans. Infant. Infant, Newborn. Infant, Premature. Risk Assessment. Sucking Behavior. Sudden Infant Death / prevention & control

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  • [CommentIn] Am Fam Physician. 2010 Sep 1;82(5):456; authors reply 457-9 [20822076.001]
  • (PMID = 19405412.001).
  • [ISSN] 0002-838X
  • [Journal-full-title] American family physician
  • [ISO-abbreviation] Am Fam Physician
  • [Language] eng
  • [Publication-type] Journal Article; Review
  • [Publication-country] United States
  • [Number-of-references] 47
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2. |||||||||. 94%  Lozano de la Torre MJ, Pallás Alonso CR, Hernández Aguilar MT, Aguayo Maldonado J, Arena Ansótegui J, Ares Segura S, Gómez Papí A, Díaz Gómez M, Jiménez Moya A, Landa Rivera L, Landa Velillas JJ, Martín-Calama Valero J, Martín Morales M, Paricio Talayero JM, Romero Escós MD, Comité de Lactancia Materna de la Asociación Española de Pediatría: [Use of pacifiers and breastfeeding]. An Pediatr (Barc); 2011 Apr;74(4):271.e1-5
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  • [Source] The source of this record is MEDLINE®, a database of the U.S. National Library of Medicine.
  • [Title] [Use of pacifiers and breastfeeding].
  • Pacifiers are widely used in developed societies.
  • The use of pacifiers has been associated, however, with a shorter duration and exclusivity of breastfeeding, with higher rates of otitis media and dental problems, as well as a higher risk of accidents during infancy.
  • Recent studies have also described a relationship between pacifier use and SIDS, especially when used during infant́s sleep.
  • Due to the existing controversy of scientific findings, the Committee on Breastfeeding of the Spanish Paediatrics Society, publishes this review, trying to summarise present evidence with the objective of, after analysing scientific results and recommendations, making recommendations regarding the use of the pacifier in the breastfed infant.
  • [MeSH-major] Breast Feeding. Pacifiers
  • [MeSH-minor] Humans. Infant. Infant, Newborn

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  • [Copyright] Copyright © 2010 Asociación Española de Pediatría. Published by Elsevier Espana. All rights reserved.
  • (PMID = 21256098.001).
  • [ISSN] 1695-9531
  • [Journal-full-title] Anales de pediatría (Barcelona, Spain : 2003)
  • [ISO-abbreviation] An Pediatr (Barc)
  • [Language] spa
  • [Publication-type] English Abstract; Journal Article; Practice Guideline
  • [Publication-country] Spain
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3. |||||||... 68%  Aliprandini P, Ferreira F, Bertol L, Kindlein Júnior W: Comparison of design, materials selection and characterization of pacifiers produced in Brazil. Australas Med J; 2011;4(2):76-80
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  • [Source] The source of this record is MEDLINE®, a database of the U.S. National Library of Medicine.
  • [Title] Comparison of design, materials selection and characterization of pacifiers produced in Brazil.
  • BACKGROUND: A pacifier is an object designed for use by children aged two weeks to around five years old.
  • METHOD: This study evaluates different models of pacifiers available on the market, taking into consideration the design, materials and attendance to Brazilian Standards.
  • RESULTS: The Fourier Transform Infrared Spectroscopy (FTIR) analysis of the five different models of pacifiers indicates the use of different materials.

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  • [Cites] Early Hum Dev. 2009 Oct;85(10 Suppl):S89-91 [19762175.001]
  • [Cites] Chemosphere. 1999 May;38(11):2569-76 [10204238.001]
  • [Cites] Int J Pediatr Otorhinolaryngol. 1994 Apr;29(2):121-7 [8056494.001]
  • [Cites] J Pediatr Health Care. 2008 May-Jun;22(3):159-65 [18455064.001]
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  • [Cites] Reprod Toxicol. 2007 Aug-Sep;24(2):139-77 [17825522.001]
  • [Cites] Pediatrics. 1995 Nov;96(5 Pt 1):884-8 [7478830.001]
  • (PMID = 23386883.001).
  • [ISSN] 1836-1935
  • [Journal-full-title] The Australasian medical journal
  • [ISO-abbreviation] Australas Med J
  • [Language] eng
  • [Publication-type] Journal Article
  • [Publication-country] Australia
  • [Other-IDs] NLM/ PMC3562927
  • [Keywords] NOTNLM ; Product design / bisphenol A / materials selection / pacifiers
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4. |||||..... 55%  Marques ES, Cotta RM, Araújo RM: [Social representations of women who breastfeed about breast feeding and the use of pacifiers]. Rev Bras Enferm; 2009 Jul-Aug;62(4):562-9
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  • [Source] The source of this record is MEDLINE®, a database of the U.S. National Library of Medicine.
  • [Title] [Social representations of women who breastfeed about breast feeding and the use of pacifiers].
  • The objective was to identify the different meanings that surround the breastfeeding and the use of pacifiers of a group of mothers of children under six months old.
  • [MeSH-major] Breast Feeding / psychology. Pacifiers / utilization
  • [MeSH-minor] Adolescent. Adult. Attitude. Female. Humans. Infant. Sociology. Young Adult

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  • (PMID = 19768333.001).
  • [ISSN] 0034-7167
  • [Journal-full-title] Revista brasileira de enfermagem
  • [ISO-abbreviation] Rev Bras Enferm
  • [Language] por
  • [Publication-type] English Abstract; Journal Article
  • [Publication-country] Brazil
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5. ||||||||.. 75%  Cooper IF, Siadaty MS: 'Functional Concepts' associated with 'Infant Pacifiers': Top Publications. BioMedLib Review; FunctionalConcept;InfantPacifiers:707107337. ISSN: 2331-5717. 2014/7/5
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  • [Title] 'Functional Concepts' associated with 'Infant Pacifiers': Top Publications.
  • [Transliterated title]
  • Background: There are articles published each month which present 'Functional Concept' for 'infant pacifiers'.
  • Finding such articles is important for researchers, clinicians, and patients.
  • However these articles are spread across thousands of journals, and there are many types of 'Functional Concept'.
  • This makes searching and locating the relevant publications a challenge.
  • We have used BioMedLib's semantic search technology to address the issue, and gathered all the pertinent publications in this review article.
  • Methods: We categorized the publications we found into two groups.
  • We used the strength of textual-association to separate the groups.
  • In group one there are publications with the strongest evidence of association. We focused finding the most relevant publications pertinent to our goal, rather than combining them into a conclusion section. Such textual synthesis will be the focus of our next project.
  • Results: Group one includes 27 publications, and group two 790 publications.
  • Here are the top 10.
  • Tomasi E et al: [Use of pacifiers in children: patterns and determinants].
  • Lozano de la Torre MJ et al: [Use of pacifiers and breastfeeding].
  • Marques ES et al: [Social representations of women who breastfeed about breast feeding and the use of pacifiers].
  • : Recommendations for the use of pacifiers.
  • Sette GC et al: Do pacifiers increase the risk of nosocomial diarrhoea? A cohort study.
  • Mathur GP et al: Non-nutritive suckling and use of pacifiers.
  • Righard L et al: Breastfeeding and the use of pacifiers.
  • Victora CG et al: Use of pacifiers and breastfeeding duration.
  • Bhat IA et al: Ill effects with use of pacifiers in children.
  • Gederi A et al: Pacifiers: a review of risks vs benefits.

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  • [Copyright] Copyright 2014 Siadaty and Cooper; licensee BioMedLib LLC.
  • (UID = 707107337.001).
  • [ISSN] 2331-5717
  • [Journal-full-title] BioMedLib Review
  • [Language] eng
  • [Publication-type] Review
  • [Publication-country] UNITED STATES
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6. |||||..... 52%  Keim SA, Fletcher EN, TePoel MR, McKenzie LB: Injuries associated with bottles, pacifiers, and sippy cups in the United States, 1991-2010. Pediatrics; 2012 Jun;129(6):1104-10
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  • [Source] The source of this record is MEDLINE®, a database of the U.S. National Library of Medicine.
  • [Title] Injuries associated with bottles, pacifiers, and sippy cups in the United States, 1991-2010.
  • OBJECTIVE: To describe the epidemiology of injuries related to bottles, pacifiers, and sippy cups among young children in the United States.
  • METHODS: A retrospective analysis was conducted by using data from the National Electronic Injury Surveillance System for children <3 years of age treated in emergency departments (1991-2010) for an injury associated with a bottle, pacifier, or sippy cup.
  • Most injuries involved bottles (65.8%), followed by pacifiers (19.9%) and sippy cups (14.3%).
  • Given the number of injuries, particularly those associated with falls while using the product, greater efforts are needed to promote proper usage, ensure safety in product design, and increase awareness of American Academy of Pediatrics' recommendations for transitioning to a cup and discontinuing pacifier use.
  • [MeSH-major] Accidents / trends. Bottle Feeding / adverse effects. Bottle Feeding / trends. Pacifiers / adverse effects. Pacifiers / trends
  • [MeSH-minor] Accidental Falls / statistics & numerical data. Child, Preschool. Female. Humans. Infant. Lacerations / epidemiology. Lacerations / etiology. Male. Retrospective Studies. United States / epidemiology

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  • (PMID = 22585773.001).
  • [ISSN] 1098-4275
  • [Journal-full-title] Pediatrics
  • [ISO-abbreviation] Pediatrics
  • [Language] eng
  • [Publication-type] Comparative Study; Journal Article
  • [Publication-country] United States
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7. |||||..... 45%  Sette GC, Mello MJ, Correia JB, Sette IS, Pontes da Silva GA, Soares de Lima L: Do pacifiers increase the risk of nosocomial diarrhoea? A cohort study. BMJ Open; 2012;2(2):e000427
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  • [Source] The source of this record is MEDLINE®, a database of the U.S. National Library of Medicine.
  • [Title] Do pacifiers increase the risk of nosocomial diarrhoea? A cohort study.
  • PRIMARY AND SECONDARY OUTCOME MEASURES: Incidence and risk factors for ND and rates of pacifier faecal contamination.
  • ND occurred in 8.2% (16/194) of pacifier users compared with 9.2% (17/184) in non-users (adjusted OR=0.88, 95% CI 0.43 to 1.80).
  • Faecal coliforms were isolated in 16% (27/169) of tested pacifiers, 77.8% of which had more than 100 000 CFU/ml.
  • The log-rank test showed no statistical difference between pacifier users and non-users.
  • CONCLUSIONS: ND is a frequent healthcare-associated infection in paediatric wards, but the use of pacifiers during the stay in hospital does not seem to affect the incidence of ND in infants in many settings where the burden of diarrhoea is still high.

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  • (PMID = 22508955.001).
  • [ISSN] 2044-6055
  • [Journal-full-title] BMJ open
  • [ISO-abbreviation] BMJ Open
  • [Language] eng
  • [Publication-type] Journal Article
  • [Publication-country] England
  • [Other-IDs] NLM/ PMC3332242
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8. |||||..... 53%  Wellington L, Prasad S: PURLs. Should breastfeeding babies be given pacifiers? J Fam Pract; 2012 May;61(5):E1-3
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  • [Source] The source of this record is MEDLINE®, a database of the U.S. National Library of Medicine.
  • [Title] PURLs. Should breastfeeding babies be given pacifiers?
  • Tell breastfeeding moms who ask that question that pacifier use will not interfere.
  • [MeSH-major] Breast Feeding. Pacifiers
  • [MeSH-minor] Adult. Confidence Intervals. Female. Humans. Infant. Infant, Newborn. Meta-Analysis as Topic. Mother-Child Relations. Time Factors. United Nations. Weaning. World Health Organization

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  • [Cites] Breastfeed Rev. 2001 Jul;9(2):11-8 [11550600.001]
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  • (PMID = 22577637.001).
  • [ISSN] 1533-7294
  • [Journal-full-title] The Journal of family practice
  • [ISO-abbreviation] J Fam Pract
  • [Language] eng
  • [Publication-type] Journal Article
  • [Publication-country] United States
  • [Other-IDs] NLM/ PMC3343725
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9. |||||||... 73%  Cooper IF, Siadaty MS: 'Findings' associated with 'Infant Pacifiers': Top Publications. BioMedLib Review; Finding;InfantPacifiers:706287670. ISSN: 2331-5717. 2014/9/25
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  • [Title] 'Findings' associated with 'Infant Pacifiers': Top Publications.
  • [Transliterated title]
  • Background: There are articles published each month which present 'Finding' for 'infant pacifiers'.
  • Finding such articles is important for researchers, clinicians, and patients.
  • However these articles are spread across thousands of journals, and there are many types of 'Finding'.
  • This makes searching and locating the relevant publications a challenge.
  • We have used BioMedLib's semantic search technology to address the issue, and gathered all the pertinent publications in this review article.
  • Methods: We categorized the publications we found into two groups.
  • We used the strength of textual-association to separate the groups.
  • In group one there are publications with the strongest evidence of association. We focused finding the most relevant publications pertinent to our goal, rather than combining them into a conclusion section. Such textual synthesis will be the focus of our next project.
  • Results: Group one includes 17 publications, and group two 900 publications.
  • Here are the top 10.
  • Carbajal R et al: Randomised trial of analgesic effects of sucrose, glucose, and pacifiers in term neonates.
  • Campbell C: Analgesic effects of sweet solutions and pacifiers in term neonates. Suckling at the breast is better than sweet solutions and pacifiers.
  • Benis MM: Are pacifiers associated with early weaning from breastfeeding?.
  • Brook I et al: Bacterial colonization of pacifiers of infants with acute otitis media.
  • Schlömer R: [Influence of thumb sucking and pacifiers on deciduous teeth].
  • Mathur GP et al: Non-nutritive suckling and use of pacifiers.
  • Kair LR et al: In healthy term infants, does restriction from pacifiers in the first two to four weeks of life increase breastfeeding duration?.
  • Zardetto CG et al: Effects of different pacifiers on the primary dentition and oral myofunctional strutures of preschool children.
  • Barros FC et al: Use of pacifiers is associated with decreased breast-feeding duration.
  • Mantz J: [Pacifiers and bucco-dental lesions].

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  • [Copyright] Copyright 2014 Siadaty and Cooper; licensee BioMedLib LLC.
  • (UID = 706287670.001).
  • [ISSN] 2331-5717
  • [Journal-full-title] BioMedLib Review
  • [Language] eng
  • [Publication-type] Review
  • [Publication-country] UNITED STATES
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10. ||||||.... 60%  Jenik A, Vain NE: Pacifiers and breastfeeding. Birth; 2009 Sep;36(3):267; author reply 267-8
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  • [Source] The source of this record is MEDLINE®, a database of the U.S. National Library of Medicine.
  • [Title] Pacifiers and breastfeeding.
  • [MeSH-major] Breast Feeding. Pacifiers
  • [MeSH-minor] Causality. Humans. Infant Care / methods. Infant, Newborn. Research Design. Risk Reduction Behavior. Sudden Infant Death / prevention & control. Time Factors

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  • [CommentOn] Birth. 2009 Mar;36(1):34-42 [19278381.001]
  • (PMID = 19747278.001).
  • [ISSN] 1523-536X
  • [Journal-full-title] Birth (Berkeley, Calif.)
  • [ISO-abbreviation] Birth
  • [Language] eng
  • [Publication-type] Comment; Letter
  • [Publication-country] United States
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11. ||||||.... 56%  Vidavsky Y, Anaby A, Lemcoff NG: Chelating alkylidene ligands as pacifiers for ruthenium catalysed olefin metathesis. Dalton Trans; 2012 Jan 7;41(1):32-43
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  • [Source] The source of this record is MEDLINE®, a database of the U.S. National Library of Medicine.
  • [Title] Chelating alkylidene ligands as pacifiers for ruthenium catalysed olefin metathesis.

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  • (PMID = 22020679.001).
  • [ISSN] 1477-9234
  • [Journal-full-title] Dalton transactions (Cambridge, England : 2003)
  • [ISO-abbreviation] Dalton Trans
  • [Language] eng
  • [Publication-type] Journal Article
  • [Publication-country] England
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12. |||||||... 72%  Cooper IF, Siadaty MS: 'Organic Chemicals' associated with 'Infant Pacifiers': Top Publications. BioMedLib Review; OrganicChemical;InfantPacifiers:705552983. ISSN: 2331-5717. 2014/5/25
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  • [Title] 'Organic Chemicals' associated with 'Infant Pacifiers': Top Publications.
  • [Transliterated title]
  • Background: There are articles published each month which present 'Organic Chemical' for 'infant pacifiers'.
  • Finding such articles is important for researchers, clinicians, and patients.
  • However these articles are spread across thousands of journals, and there are many types of 'Organic Chemical'.
  • This makes searching and locating the relevant publications a challenge.
  • We have used BioMedLib's semantic search technology to address the issue, and gathered all the pertinent publications in this review article.
  • Methods: We categorized the publications we found into two groups.
  • We used the strength of textual-association to separate the groups.
  • In group one there are publications with the strongest evidence of association. We focused finding the most relevant publications pertinent to our goal, rather than combining them into a conclusion section. Such textual synthesis will be the focus of our next project.
  • Results: Group one includes 17 publications, and group two 775 publications.
  • Here are the top 10.
  • Cooper IF et al: 'Organic Chemicals' associated with 'Infant Pacifiers': Top Publications.
  • Westin JB et al: N-nitrosamines and nitrosatable amines, potential precursors of N-nitramines, in children's pacifiers and baby-bottle nipples.
  • Sen NP et al: Volatile N-nitrosamines in baby bottle rubber nipples and pacifiers. Analysis, occurrence and migration.
  • Weston RJ: Volatile nitrosamine levels in rubber teats and pacifiers available in New Zealand.
  • Osterdahl BG: N-nitrosamines and nitrosatable compounds in rubber nipples and pacifiers.
  • Sen NP et al: Improved method for determination of volatile nitrosamines in baby bottle rubber nipples and pacifiers.
  • Nelson-Filho P et al: Efficacy of microwaves and chlorhexidine on the disinfection of pacifiers and toothbrushes: an in vitro study.
  • Chamele J et al: Efficacy of microwaves and chlorhexidine for disinfection of pacifiers and toothbrushes: an in vitro study.
  • Sen NP et al: Determination of non-volatile N-nitrosamines in baby bottle rubber nipples and pacifiers by high-performance liquid chromatography-thermal energy analysis.
  • Vidavsky Y et al: Chelating alkylidene ligands as pacifiers for ruthenium catalysed olefin metathesis.

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  • [Copyright] Copyright 2014 Siadaty and Cooper; licensee BioMedLib LLC.
  • (UID = 705552983.001).
  • [ISSN] 2331-5717
  • [Journal-full-title] BioMedLib Review
  • [Language] eng
  • [Publication-type] Review
  • [Publication-country] UNITED STATES
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13. |||||||... 72%  Cooper IF, Siadaty MS: 'Steroids' associated with 'Infant Pacifiers': Top Publications. BioMedLib Review; Steroid;InfantPacifiers:705857641. ISSN: 2331-5717. 2014/3/30
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  • [Title] 'Steroids' associated with 'Infant Pacifiers': Top Publications.
  • [Transliterated title]
  • Background: There are articles published each month which present 'Steroid' for 'infant pacifiers'.
  • Finding such articles is important for researchers, clinicians, and patients.
  • However these articles are spread across thousands of journals, and there are many types of 'Steroid'.
  • This makes searching and locating the relevant publications a challenge.
  • We have used BioMedLib's semantic search technology to address the issue, and gathered all the pertinent publications in this review article.
  • Methods: We categorized the publications we found into two groups.
  • We used the strength of textual-association to separate the groups.
  • In group one there are publications with the strongest evidence of association. We focused finding the most relevant publications pertinent to our goal, rather than combining them into a conclusion section. Such textual synthesis will be the focus of our next project.
  • Results: Group one includes 23 publications, and group two 712 publications.
  • Here are the top 10.
  • Sertório SC et al: [The symbolic and utilitarian facets of pacifiers according to mothers].
  • Marques ES et al: [Social representations of women who breastfeed about breast feeding and the use of pacifiers].
  • Keim SA et al: Injuries associated with bottles, pacifiers, and sippy cups in the United States, 1991-2010.
  • : Recommendations for the use of pacifiers.
  • Lamounier JA: [The influence of nipples and pacifiers on breastfeeding duration].
  • Campbell C: Analgesic effects of sweet solutions and pacifiers in term neonates. Suckling at the breast is better than sweet solutions and pacifiers.
  • Righard L et al: Breastfeeding and the use of pacifiers.
  • Drosten F: Pacifiers in the NICU: a lactation consultant's view.
  • Tomasi E et al: [The use of pacifiers in children: fecal contamination and association with diarrhea].
  • Zardetto CG et al: Effects of different pacifiers on the primary dentition and oral myofunctional strutures of preschool children.

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  • [Copyright] Copyright 2014 Siadaty and Cooper; licensee BioMedLib LLC.
  • (UID = 705857641.001).
  • [ISSN] 2331-5717
  • [Journal-full-title] BioMedLib Review
  • [Language] eng
  • [Publication-type] Review
  • [Publication-country] UNITED STATES
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14. |||||||... 71%  Cooper IF, Siadaty MS: 'Qualitative Concepts' associated with 'Infant Pacifiers': Top Publications. BioMedLib Review; QualitativeConcept;InfantPacifiers:706671265. ISSN: 2331-5717. 2014/7/30
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  • [Title] 'Qualitative Concepts' associated with 'Infant Pacifiers': Top Publications.
  • [Transliterated title]
  • Background: There are articles published each month which present 'Qualitative Concept' for 'infant pacifiers'.
  • Finding such articles is important for researchers, clinicians, and patients.
  • However these articles are spread across thousands of journals, and there are many types of 'Qualitative Concept'.
  • This makes searching and locating the relevant publications a challenge.
  • We have used BioMedLib's semantic search technology to address the issue, and gathered all the pertinent publications in this review article.
  • Methods: We categorized the publications we found into two groups.
  • We used the strength of textual-association to separate the groups.
  • In group one there are publications with the strongest evidence of association. We focused finding the most relevant publications pertinent to our goal, rather than combining them into a conclusion section. Such textual synthesis will be the focus of our next project.
  • Results: Group one includes 26 publications, and group two 648 publications.
  • Here are the top 10.
  • Sexton S et al: Risks and benefits of pacifiers.
  • Mitchell EA et al: Should pacifiers be recommended to prevent sudden infant death syndrome?.
  • Cooper IF et al: 'Organic Chemicals' associated with 'Infant Pacifiers': Top Publications.
  • Hauck FR et al: Do pacifiers reduce the risk of sudden infant death syndrome? A meta-analysis.
  • Benis MM: Are pacifiers associated with early weaning from breastfeeding?.
  • Gederi A et al: Pacifiers: a review of risks vs benefits.
  • Zardetto CG et al: Effects of different pacifiers on the primary dentition and oral myofunctional strutures of preschool children.
  • Yildiz A et al: The effects of giving pacifiers to premature infants and making them listen to lullabies on their transition period for total oral feeding and sucking success.
  • Keim SA et al: Injuries associated with bottles, pacifiers, and sippy cups in the United States, 1991-2010.
  • Sette GC et al: Do pacifiers increase the risk of nosocomial diarrhoea? A cohort study.

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  • [Copyright] Copyright 2014 Siadaty and Cooper; licensee BioMedLib LLC.
  • (UID = 706671265.001).
  • [ISSN] 2331-5717
  • [Journal-full-title] BioMedLib Review
  • [Language] eng
  • [Publication-type] Review
  • [Publication-country] UNITED STATES
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15. |||||||... 71%  Cooper IF, Siadaty MS: 'Hormones' associated with 'Infant Pacifiers': Top Publications. BioMedLib Review; Hormone;InfantPacifiers:705390873. ISSN: 2331-5717. 2014/8/29
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  • [Title] 'Hormones' associated with 'Infant Pacifiers': Top Publications.
  • [Transliterated title]
  • Background: There are articles published each month which present 'Hormone' for 'infant pacifiers'.
  • Finding such articles is important for researchers, clinicians, and patients.
  • However these articles are spread across thousands of journals, and there are many types of 'Hormone'.
  • This makes searching and locating the relevant publications a challenge.
  • We have used BioMedLib's semantic search technology to address the issue, and gathered all the pertinent publications in this review article.
  • Methods: We categorized the publications we found into two groups.
  • We used the strength of textual-association to separate the groups.
  • In group one there are publications with the strongest evidence of association. We focused finding the most relevant publications pertinent to our goal, rather than combining them into a conclusion section. Such textual synthesis will be the focus of our next project.
  • Results: Group one includes 24 publications, and group two 720 publications.
  • Here are the top 10.
  • Cooper IF et al: 'Hormones' associated with 'Infant Pacifiers': Top Publications.
  • Sertório SC et al: [The symbolic and utilitarian facets of pacifiers according to mothers].
  • Marques ES et al: [Social representations of women who breastfeed about breast feeding and the use of pacifiers].
  • Keim SA et al: Injuries associated with bottles, pacifiers, and sippy cups in the United States, 1991-2010.
  • : Recommendations for the use of pacifiers.
  • Lamounier JA: [The influence of nipples and pacifiers on breastfeeding duration].
  • Righard L et al: Breastfeeding and the use of pacifiers.
  • Drosten F: Pacifiers in the NICU: a lactation consultant's view.
  • Tomasi E et al: [The use of pacifiers in children: fecal contamination and association with diarrhea].
  • Levrini L et al: Different geometric patterns of pacifiers compared on the basis of finite element analysis.

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  • [Copyright] Copyright 2014 Siadaty and Cooper; licensee BioMedLib LLC.
  • (UID = 705390873.001).
  • [ISSN] 2331-5717
  • [Journal-full-title] BioMedLib Review
  • [Language] eng
  • [Publication-type] Review
  • [Publication-country] UNITED STATES
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16. ||||||.... 65%  Gederi A, Coomaraswamy K, Turner PJ: Pacifiers: a review of risks vs benefits. Dent Update; 2013 Mar;40(2):92-4, 97-8, 101
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  • [Source] The source of this record is MEDLINE®, a database of the U.S. National Library of Medicine.
  • [Title] Pacifiers: a review of risks vs benefits.
  • Pacifiers, otherwise known as dummies, have been around for many centuries.
  • The purpose of this article is to review some of the evidence available for and against the use of pacifiers and make recommendations for their application, maintenance and weaning.
  • CLNICAL RELEVANCE: Dental healthcare professionals need to consider the evidence available for and against pacifiers when making recommendations to patients and their parents.
  • [MeSH-major] Pacifiers
  • [MeSH-minor] Humans. Infant. Maxillofacial Development / physiology. Risk Assessment. Sucking Behavior / physiology. Tooth Diseases / etiology

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  • [CommentIn] Dent Update. 2013 Sep;40(7):590 [24147394.001]
  • (PMID = 23600033.001).
  • [ISSN] 0305-5000
  • [Journal-full-title] Dental update
  • [ISO-abbreviation] Dent Update
  • [Language] eng
  • [Publication-type] Journal Article; Review
  • [Publication-country] England
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17. ||||||.... 60%  Cooper IF, Siadaty MS: 'Body PartsCMMA OrgansCMMA or Organ Components' associated with 'Infant Pacifiers': Top Publications. BioMedLib Review; BodyPartOrgan;InfantPacifiers:706278820. ISSN: 2331-5717. 2014/1/25
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  • [Title] 'Body PartsCMMA OrgansCMMA or Organ Components' associated with 'Infant Pacifiers': Top Publications.
  • [Transliterated title]
  • Background: There are articles published each month which present 'Body Part Organ or Organ Component' for 'infant pacifiers'.
  • Finding such articles is important for researchers, clinicians, and patients.
  • However these articles are spread across thousands of journals, and there are many types of 'Body Part Organ or Organ Component'.
  • This makes searching and locating the relevant publications a challenge.
  • We have used BioMedLib's semantic search technology to address the issue, and gathered all the pertinent publications in this review article.
  • Methods: We categorized the publications we found into two groups.
  • We used the strength of textual-association to separate the groups.
  • In group one there are publications with the strongest evidence of association. We focused finding the most relevant publications pertinent to our goal, rather than combining them into a conclusion section. Such textual synthesis will be the focus of our next project.
  • Results: Group one includes 17 publications, and group two 842 publications.
  • Here are the top 10.
  • Lamounier JA: [The influence of nipples and pacifiers on breastfeeding duration].
  • Zardetto CG et al: Effects of different pacifiers on the primary dentition and oral myofunctional strutures of preschool children.
  • Eismann D et al: [The development of the deciduous dentition under the influence of differently shaped pacifiers].
  • Osterdahl BG: N-nitrosamines and nitrosatable compounds in rubber nipples and pacifiers.
  • Westin JB et al: N-nitrosamines and nitrosatable amines, potential precursors of N-nitramines, in children's pacifiers and baby-bottle nipples.
  • Sen NP et al: Improved method for determination of volatile nitrosamines in baby bottle rubber nipples and pacifiers.
  • Pfefferkorn M: [Pacifiers or thumbs].
  • Sen NP et al: Volatile N-nitrosamines in baby bottle rubber nipples and pacifiers. Analysis, occurrence and migration.
  • Adair SM et al: Evaluation of the effects of orthodontic pacifiers on the primary dentitions of 24- to 59-month-old children: preliminary study.
  • Sen NP et al: Determination of non-volatile N-nitrosamines in baby bottle rubber nipples and pacifiers by high-performance liquid chromatography-thermal energy analysis.

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  • [Copyright] Copyright 2014 Siadaty and Cooper; licensee BioMedLib LLC.
  • (UID = 706278820.001).
  • [ISSN] 2331-5717
  • [Journal-full-title] BioMedLib Review
  • [Language] eng
  • [Publication-type] Review
  • [Publication-country] UNITED STATES
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18. ||||||.... 59%  Cooper IF, Siadaty MS: 'Age Groups' associated with 'Infant Pacifiers': Top Publications. BioMedLib Review; AgeGroup;InfantPacifiers:706688909. ISSN: 2331-5717. 2014/7/30
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  • [Title] 'Age Groups' associated with 'Infant Pacifiers': Top Publications.
  • [Transliterated title]
  • Background: There are articles published each month which present 'Age Group' for 'infant pacifiers'.
  • Finding such articles is important for researchers, clinicians, and patients.
  • However these articles are spread across thousands of journals, and there are many types of 'Age Group'.
  • This makes searching and locating the relevant publications a challenge.
  • We have used BioMedLib's semantic search technology to address the issue, and gathered all the pertinent publications in this review article.
  • Methods: We categorized the publications we found into two groups.
  • We used the strength of textual-association to separate the groups.
  • In group one there are publications with the strongest evidence of association. We focused finding the most relevant publications pertinent to our goal, rather than combining them into a conclusion section. Such textual synthesis will be the focus of our next project.
  • Results: Group one includes 25 publications, and group two 571 publications.
  • Here are the top 10.
  • Cooper IF et al: 'Steroids' associated with 'Infant Pacifiers': Top Publications.
  • Hauck FR et al: Do pacifiers reduce the risk of sudden infant death syndrome? A meta-analysis.
  • Wellington L et al: PURLs. Should breastfeeding babies be given pacifiers?.
  • Mitchell EA et al: Should pacifiers be recommended to prevent sudden infant death syndrome?.
  • Yildiz A et al: The effects of giving pacifiers to premature infants and making them listen to lullabies on their transition period for total oral feeding and sucking success.
  • Zardetto CG et al: Effects of different pacifiers on the primary dentition and oral myofunctional strutures of preschool children.
  • Akman I et al: Sweet solutions and pacifiers for pain relief in newborn infants.
  • Ullah S et al: Does the use of pacifiers shorten breastfeeding duration in infants?.
  • Hauck FR: Pacifiers and sudden infant death syndrome: what should we recommend?.
  • Abdun-Nur D et al: Do pacifiers reduce the risk of sudden infant death syndrome?.

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  • [Copyright] Copyright 2014 Siadaty and Cooper; licensee BioMedLib LLC.
  • (UID = 706688909.001).
  • [ISSN] 2331-5717
  • [Journal-full-title] BioMedLib Review
  • [Language] eng
  • [Publication-type] Review
  • [Publication-country] UNITED STATES
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19. |||||..... 52%  O'Connor NR, Tanabe KO, Siadaty MS, Hauck FR: Pacifiers and breastfeeding: a systematic review. Arch Pediatr Adolesc Med; 2009 Apr;163(4):378-82
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  • [Source] The source of this record is MEDLINE®, a database of the U.S. National Library of Medicine.
  • [Title] Pacifiers and breastfeeding: a systematic review.
  • OBJECTIVE: To summarize current evidence on the association between infant pacifier use and breastfeeding.
  • STUDY SELECTION: A search for English-language records (from January 1950 through August 2006) containing the Medical Subject Heading terms pacifiers and breastfeeding was conducted, resulting in 1098 reports.
  • MAIN EXPOSURE: Pacifier use.
  • RESULTS: Results from 4 randomized controlled trials revealed no difference in breastfeeding outcomes with different pacifier interventions (pacifier use during tube feeds, pacifier use at any time after delivery, an educational program for mothers emphasizing avoidance of pacifiers, and a UNICEF [United Nations Children's Fund]/World Health Organization Baby Friendly Hospital environment).
  • Most observational studies reported an association between pacifier use and shortened duration of breastfeeding.
  • CONCLUSIONS: The highest level of evidence does not support an adverse relationship between pacifier use and breastfeeding duration or exclusivity.
  • The association between shortened duration of breastfeeding and pacifier use in observational studies likely reflects a number of other complex factors, such as breastfeeding difficulties or intent to wean.
  • Ongoing quantitative and qualitative research is needed to better understand the relationship between pacifier use and breastfeeding.
  • [MeSH-major] Breast Feeding / statistics & numerical data. Pacifiers / utilization. Sucking Behavior / physiology
  • [MeSH-minor] Feeding Behavior. Female. Follow-Up Studies. Humans. Infant. Infant Behavior. Infant, Newborn. Male. Pediatrics / standards. Pediatrics / trends. Practice Guidelines as Topic. Randomized Controlled Trials as Topic. Risk Assessment. Time Factors. United States. Weaning

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  • [CommentIn] J Pediatr. 2009 Sep;155(3):449-50 [19732592.001]
  • (PMID = 19349568.001).
  • [ISSN] 1538-3628
  • [Journal-full-title] Archives of pediatrics & adolescent medicine
  • [ISO-abbreviation] Arch Pediatr Adolesc Med
  • [Language] eng
  • [Publication-type] Journal Article; Research Support, Non-U.S. Gov't; Review
  • [Publication-country] United States
  • [Number-of-references] 42
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20. |||||..... 49%  Yildiz A, Arikan D: The effects of giving pacifiers to premature infants and making them listen to lullabies on their transition period for total oral feeding and sucking success. J Clin Nurs; 2012 Mar;21(5-6):644-56
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  • [Source] The source of this record is MEDLINE®, a database of the U.S. National Library of Medicine.
  • [Title] The effects of giving pacifiers to premature infants and making them listen to lullabies on their transition period for total oral feeding and sucking success.
  • AIM AND OBJECTIVE: This research aimed to assess the effect of giving pacifiers to premature infants and making them listen to lullabies on the transition period to total oral feeding, their sucking success and their vital signs (peak heart rate, respiration rate and oxygen saturation).
  • BACKGROUND: It is very important that preterm infants start oral feeding as soon as possible to survive and get healthy quickly.
  • Previous studies have shown that by using some external stimuli, premature babies can move to oral feeding at an earlier period than 34th gestational week, have increased daily weight gain and be discharged from hospital earlier.
  • DESIGN: In this quasi-experimental and prospective study, 90 premature infants were studied with 30 premature infants allocated to each of pacifier, lullaby and control groups.
  • RESULTS: We found that the group who proceeded to the oral feeding in the shortest period was the pacifier group (p < 0·05), followed by the lullaby group and the control group, respectively (p > 0·05).
  • We also found that the highest sucking success was achieved by infants in the pacifier group (p < 0·05) followed by the lullaby group (p > 0·05).
  • CONCLUSION: These results demonstrate that giving pacifiers to premature infants and making them listen to lullabies has a positive effect on their transition period to oral feeding, their sucking success and vital signs (peak heart rate and oxygen saturation).
  • RELEVANCE TO CLINICAL PRACTICE: Neonatal intensive care nurses can accelerate premature infants' transition to oral feeding and develop their sucking success by using the methods of giving them pacifiers and making them listen to lullabies during gavage feeding.
  • [MeSH-major] Bottle Feeding / methods. Feeding Behavior / physiology. Infant, Premature / physiology. Music Therapy. Pacifiers. Sucking Behavior / physiology
  • [MeSH-minor] Child Development / physiology. Cohort Studies. Female. Humans. Infant Care / methods. Infant, Newborn. Intensive Care Units, Neonatal. Male. Prospective Studies. Time Factors. Weight Gain

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  • [Copyright] © 2011 Blackwell Publishing Ltd.
  • (PMID = 21668549.001).
  • [ISSN] 1365-2702
  • [Journal-full-title] Journal of clinical nursing
  • [ISO-abbreviation] J Clin Nurs
  • [Language] eng
  • [Publication-type] Comparative Study; Journal Article
  • [Publication-country] England
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21. |||||..... 48%  Chamele J, Bhat C, Saraf T, Jadhav A, Beg A, Jagtap C, Ubeja R, Patil P: Efficacy of microwaves and chlorhexidine for disinfection of pacifiers and toothbrushes: an in vitro study. J Contemp Dent Pract; 2012 Sep-Oct;13(5):690-4
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  • [Source] The source of this record is MEDLINE®, a database of the U.S. National Library of Medicine.
  • [Title] Efficacy of microwaves and chlorhexidine for disinfection of pacifiers and toothbrushes: an in vitro study.
  • PURPOSE: The purpose of this study was to evaluate, in vitro, the contamination of toothbrushes and pacifiers by Streptococcus mutans, and the efficacy of microwave and chlorhexidine for their disinfection.
  • MATERIALS AND METHODS: Sixty pacifiers and 60 toothbrushes were contaminated with S. mutans and then divided into groups according to the disinfection protocol: Group 1-chlorhexidine solution; group 2-microwave sterilization; and group 3-sterile tap water.
  • CONCLUSION: The 0.12% chlorhexidine solution spray and 7 minutes of microwave irradiation were almost equally effective for disinfection of pacifiers and toothbrushes.
  • [MeSH-major] Chlorhexidine / therapeutic use. Disinfectants / therapeutic use. Disinfection / methods. Equipment Contamination / prevention & control. Microwaves / therapeutic use. Pacifiers / microbiology. Toothbrushing / instrumentation
  • [MeSH-minor] Bacterial Load / drug effects. Bacterial Load / radiation effects. Humans. Infant. Microbial Viability / drug effects. Microbial Viability / radiation effects. Streptococcus mutans / drug effects. Streptococcus mutans / radiation effects. Surface Properties

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  • (PMID = 23250176.001).
  • [ISSN] 1526-3711
  • [Journal-full-title] The journal of contemporary dental practice
  • [ISO-abbreviation] J Contemp Dent Pract
  • [Language] eng
  • [Publication-type] Comparative Study; Journal Article; Randomized Controlled Trial
  • [Publication-country] India
  • [Chemical-registry-number] 0 / Disinfectants; R4KO0DY52L / Chlorhexidine
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22. |||||..... 48%  Nelson-Filho P, da Silva LA, Ds Silva RA, da Silva LL, Ferreira PD, Ito IY: Efficacy of microwaves and chlorhexidine on the disinfection of pacifiers and toothbrushes: an in vitro study. Pediatr Dent; 2011 Jan-Feb;33(1):10-3
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  • [Source] The source of this record is MEDLINE®, a database of the U.S. National Library of Medicine.
  • [Title] Efficacy of microwaves and chlorhexidine on the disinfection of pacifiers and toothbrushes: an in vitro study.
  • PURPOSE: The purpose of this study was to evaluate, in vitro, the contamination of toothbrushes and pacifiers by Streptococcus mutans, and the efficacy of microwave and chlorhexidine for their disinfection.
  • METHODS: Sixty pacifiers and 60 toothbrushes were contaminated with S mutans and then divided into groups according to the disinfection protocol: Group 1-chlorhexidine solution; Group 2-microwave sterilization; and Group 3-sterile tap water.
  • CONCLUSIONS: The 0.12% chlorhexidine solution spray and 7 minutes of microwave irradiation were effective for disinfection of pacifiers and toothbrushes.
  • [MeSH-major] Anti-Infective Agents, Local / pharmacology. Chlorhexidine / pharmacology. Dental Devices, Home Care / microbiology. Disinfection / methods. Microwaves. Pacifiers / microbiology. Toothbrushing / instrumentation
  • [MeSH-minor] Biofilms / drug effects. Biofilms / radiation effects. Humans. Infant. Microscopy, Electron, Scanning. Streptococcus mutans / drug effects. Streptococcus mutans / radiation effects

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  • (PMID = 21406141.001).
  • [ISSN] 0164-1263
  • [Journal-full-title] Pediatric dentistry
  • [ISO-abbreviation] Pediatr Dent
  • [Language] eng
  • [Publication-type] Evaluation Studies; Journal Article; Research Support, Non-U.S. Gov't
  • [Publication-country] United States
  • [Chemical-registry-number] 0 / Anti-Infective Agents, Local; R4KO0DY52L / Chlorhexidine
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23. |||||..... 46%  Do pacifiers discourage breastfeeding? Child Health Alert; 2010 Jan;28:1-2
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  • [Source] The source of this record is MEDLINE®, a database of the U.S. National Library of Medicine.
  • [Title] Do pacifiers discourage breastfeeding?
  • [MeSH-major] Breast Feeding. Pacifiers
  • [MeSH-minor] Humans. Infant. Infant, Newborn

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  • (PMID = 20222200.001).
  • [ISSN] 1064-4849
  • [Journal-full-title] Child health alert
  • [ISO-abbreviation] Child Health Alert
  • [Language] eng
  • [Publication-type] Journal Article
  • [Publication-country] United States
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24. ||........ 24%  Muneer M: Re: Pacifiers: review of risks vs benefits. Dent Update; 2013 Sep;40(7):590
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  • [Source] The source of this record is MEDLINE®, a database of the U.S. National Library of Medicine.
  • [Title] Re: Pacifiers: review of risks vs benefits.
  • [MeSH-major] Pacifiers

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  • [CommentOn] Dent Update. 2013 Mar;40(2):92-4, 97-8, 101 [23600033.001]
  • (PMID = 24147394.001).
  • [ISSN] 0305-5000
  • [Journal-full-title] Dental update
  • [ISO-abbreviation] Dent Update
  • [Language] eng
  • [Publication-type] Comment; Letter
  • [Publication-country] England
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25. ||........ 24%  Guise JM: Evidence is not yet clear on impact of pacifiers on breastfeeding. J Pediatr; 2009 Sep;155(3):449-50
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  • [Source] The source of this record is MEDLINE®, a database of the U.S. National Library of Medicine.
  • [Title] Evidence is not yet clear on impact of pacifiers on breastfeeding.

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  • [CommentOn] Arch Pediatr Adolesc Med. 2009 Apr;163(4):378-82 [19349568.001]
  • (PMID = 19732592.001).
  • [ISSN] 1097-6833
  • [Journal-full-title] The Journal of pediatrics
  • [ISO-abbreviation] J. Pediatr.
  • [Language] eng
  • [Publication-type] Comment; Journal Article
  • [Publication-country] United States
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26. ||........ 24%  Abdun-Nur D, Abdun-Nur K: Do pacifiers reduce the risk of sudden infant death syndrome? Am Fam Physician; 2010 Sep 1;82(5):456; authors reply 457-9
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  • [Source] The source of this record is MEDLINE®, a database of the U.S. National Library of Medicine.
  • [Title] Do pacifiers reduce the risk of sudden infant death syndrome?
  • [MeSH-major] Pacifiers. Sudden Infant Death / prevention & control
  • [MeSH-minor] Humans. Infant. Sucking Behavior

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  • [CommentOn] Am Fam Physician. 2009 May 15;79(10):870-4 [19496386.001]
  • [CommentOn] Am Fam Physician. 2009 Apr 15;79(8):681-5 [19405412.001]
  • (PMID = 20822076.001).
  • [ISSN] 1532-0650
  • [Journal-full-title] American family physician
  • [ISO-abbreviation] Am Fam Physician
  • [Language] eng
  • [Publication-type] Comment; Letter
  • [Publication-country] United States
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27. ||........ 22%  Kair LR, Jaffe AC, Phillipi CA: In healthy term infants, does restriction from pacifiers in the first two to four weeks of life increase breastfeeding duration? Paediatr Child Health; 2013 Nov;18(9):473-4
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  • [Source] The source of this record is MEDLINE®, a database of the U.S. National Library of Medicine.
  • [Title] In healthy term infants, does restriction from pacifiers in the first two to four weeks of life increase breastfeeding duration?

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  • (PMID = 24426809.001).
  • [ISSN] 1205-7088
  • [Journal-full-title] Paediatrics & child health
  • [ISO-abbreviation] Paediatr Child Health
  • [Language] eng
  • [Publication-type] Journal Article
  • [Publication-country] Canada
  • [Other-IDs] NLM/ PMC3885104 [Available on 11/01/14]
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28. ||........ 22%  Panknin HT: [Nosocomial diarrhea in young children: pacifiers are not a risk]. Kinderkrankenschwester; 2014 Apr;33(4):146-8
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  • [Source] The source of this record is MEDLINE®, a database of the U.S. National Library of Medicine.
  • [Title] [Nosocomial diarrhea in young children: pacifiers are not a risk].
  • [MeSH-minor] Bacteriological Techniques. Brazil. Cohort Studies. Cross-Sectional Studies. Female. Humans. Infant. Infant, Newborn. Male. Nursing Records. Pacifiers / microbiology. Prospective Studies. Risk Factors

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  • (PMID = 25077285.001).
  • [ISSN] 0723-2276
  • [Journal-full-title] Kinderkrankenschwester : Organ der Sektion Kinderkrankenpflege / Deutsche Gesellschaft für Sozialpädiatrie und Deutsche Gesellschaft für Kinderheilkunde
  • [ISO-abbreviation] Kinderkrankenschwester
  • [Language] ger
  • [Publication-type] Journal Article
  • [Publication-country] Germany
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29. |......... 7%  Goldman RD: Pacifier use in the first month of life. Can Fam Physician; 2013 May;59(5):499-500
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  • [Source] The source of this record is MEDLINE®, a database of the U.S. National Library of Medicine.
  • [Title] Pacifier use in the first month of life.
  • QUESTION: As a family physician who frequently attends deliveries and follows up with neonates, parents often ask me if they can provide their newborns with pacifiers in order to calm infants down, reduce crying, and improve sleep.
  • Is pacifier use safe in the first month of life?
  • ANSWER: While pacifiers are useful for soothing, there is concern that their use might cause early weaning of breastfeeding owing to "nipple confusion."
  • Several organizations, such as the World Health Organization and the United Nations Children's Fund, recommend avoiding use of pacifiers in term infants who breastfeed.
  • However, evidence suggests that it might not be pacifier use that causes premature cessation of breastfeeding, and that use of pacifiers might only be a sign of a maternal decision to stop breastfeeding.
  • [MeSH-major] Breast Feeding. Pacifiers / adverse effects. Weaning
  • [MeSH-minor] Female. Humans. Infant, Newborn. Mothers. Time Factors

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  • [Cites] JAMA. 2001 Jul 18;286(3):322-6 [11466098.001]
  • [Cites] Cochrane Database Syst Rev. 2011;(3):CD007202 [21412899.001]
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  • (PMID = 23673585.001).
  • [ISSN] 1715-5258
  • [Journal-full-title] Canadian family physician Médecin de famille canadien
  • [ISO-abbreviation] Can Fam Physician
  • [Language] eng
  • [Publication-type] Journal Article
  • [Publication-country] Canada
  • [Other-IDs] NLM/ PMC3653652
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30. |......... 7%  Castilho SD, Rocha MA: Pacifier habit: history and multidisciplinary view. J Pediatr (Rio J); 2009 Nov-Dec;85(6):480-9
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  • [Source] The source of this record is MEDLINE®, a database of the U.S. National Library of Medicine.
  • [Title] Pacifier habit: history and multidisciplinary view.
  • OBJECTIVES: To review the history of pacifiers and to compile a multidisciplinary literature review, searching for pros and cons with the purpose of providing health professionals with arguments when parents request guidance.
  • Search criteria were: the keyword "pacifiers" present in articles published in the last 5 years that included abstract and were written in Portuguese, English, or Spanish.
  • Pacifiers have been used to stimulate sucking or to coordinate this reflex, promoting an earlier beginning of the oral feeding of newborns.
  • Some authors suggest that pacifiers reduce the incidence of the sudden death syndrome, but the topic is controversial.
  • Pacifiers prevent the establishment of breastfeeding and lead to weaning.
  • It is advisable that health professionals inform parents of the pros and cons of pacifiers so that they can make a conscious decision regarding its use.
  • [MeSH-major] Habits. Pacifiers
  • [MeSH-minor] Child. Humans. Infant. Infant, Newborn. Interdisciplinary Communication

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  • (PMID = 20016867.001).
  • [ISSN] 1678-4782
  • [Journal-full-title] Jornal de pediatria
  • [ISO-abbreviation] J Pediatr (Rio J)
  • [Language] eng; por
  • [Publication-type] Journal Article; Research Support, Non-U.S. Gov't; Review
  • [Publication-country] Brazil
  • [Number-of-references] 82
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31. |......... 6%  Mauch CE, Scott JA, Magarey AM, Daniels LA: Predictors of and reasons for pacifier use in first-time mothers: an observational study. BMC Pediatr; 2012;12:7
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  • [Title] Predictors of and reasons for pacifier use in first-time mothers: an observational study.
  • BACKGROUND: The use of pacifiers is commonplace in Australia and has been shown to be negatively associated with breastfeeding duration.
  • In order to influence behaviour related to the use of pacifiers it is important to understand the reasons for their use.
  • The primary aim of this observational study was to investigate who (if anyone) advises first-time mothers to give a pacifier and the reasons for which they first give (or try to give) a pacifier to their infant.
  • Additionally, this study investigated the predictors of pacifier use and the relationship between pacifier use and breastfeeding duration.
  • METHODS: In total, 670 Australian first-time mothers recruited as part of the NOURISH trial completed a questionnaire regarding infant feeding and pacifier use.
  • RESULTS: Pacifiers were introduced by 79% of mothers, of whom 28.7% were advised to use a pacifier by their mother/mother-in-law with a further 22.7% being advised by a midwife.
  • The majority of mothers used a pacifier in order to soothe their infant (78.3%), to help put them to sleep (57.4%) and to keep them comforted and quiet (40.4%).
  • Pacifiers given to infants before four weeks (adjHR 3.67; 95%CI 2.14-6.28) and used most days (adjHR 3.28; 95%CI 1.92-5.61) were significantly associated with shorter duration of breastfeeding.
  • CONCLUSIONS: This study identifies an opportunity for educating new mothers and their support network, particularly their infant's grandmothers, with regards to potential risks associated with the early and frequent use of a pacifier, and alternative methods for soothing their infant, in order to reduce the use of pacifiers and their potentially negative effect on breastfeeding duration.
  • [MeSH-major] Breast Feeding / statistics & numerical data. Maternal Behavior / psychology. Pacifiers / utilization
  • [MeSH-minor] Adult. Australia. Female. Humans. Infant. Interpersonal Relations. Logistic Models. Multivariate Analysis. Parity. Proportional Hazards Models. Questionnaires. Retrospective Studies

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  • [Cites] Arch Pediatr Adolesc Med. 2009 Apr;163(4):378-82 [19349568.001]
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  • (PMID = 22257532.001).
  • [ISSN] 1471-2431
  • [Journal-full-title] BMC pediatrics
  • [ISO-abbreviation] BMC Pediatr
  • [Language] eng
  • [Publication-type] Journal Article; Research Support, Non-U.S. Gov't
  • [Publication-country] England
  • [Other-IDs] NLM/ PMC3323436
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32. |......... 6%  Cooper IF, Siadaty MS: 'Manufactured Objects' associated with 'Nipple Anatomy': Top Publications. BioMedLib Review; ManufacturedObject;NippleAnatomy:706411299. ISSN: 2331-5717. 2014/7/26
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  • [Title] 'Manufactured Objects' associated with 'Nipple Anatomy': Top Publications.
  • [Transliterated title]
  • Background: There are articles published each month which present 'Manufactured Object' for 'nipple anatomy'.
  • Finding such articles is important for researchers, clinicians, and patients.
  • However these articles are spread across thousands of journals, and there are many types of 'Manufactured Object'.
  • This makes searching and locating the relevant publications a challenge.
  • We have used BioMedLib's semantic search technology to address the issue, and gathered all the pertinent publications in this review article.
  • Methods: We categorized the publications we found into two groups.
  • We used the strength of textual-association to separate the groups.
  • In group one there are publications with the strongest evidence of association. We focused finding the most relevant publications pertinent to our goal, rather than combining them into a conclusion section. Such textual synthesis will be the focus of our next project.
  • Results: Group one includes 27 publications, and group two 7877 publications.
  • Here are the top 10.
  • Cooper IF et al: 'Hazardous Or Poisonous Substances' associated with 'Nipple Anatomy': Top Publications.
  • Lamounier JA: [The influence of nipples and pacifiers on breastfeeding duration].
  • Willman JH et al: Clear cells of Toker in accessory nipples.
  • Armoni M et al: Accessory nipples: any relationship to urinary tract malformation?.
  • Sen NP et al: Improved method for determination of volatile nitrosamines in baby bottle rubber nipples and pacifiers.
  • Osterdahl BG: N-nitrosamines and nitrosatable compounds in rubber nipples and pacifiers.
  • Westin JB et al: N-nitrosamines and nitrosatable amines, potential precursors of N-nitramines, in children's pacifiers and baby-bottle nipples.
  • Sen NP et al: Volatile N-nitrosamines in baby bottle rubber nipples and pacifiers. Analysis, occurrence and migration.
  • Sen NP et al: Determination of non-volatile N-nitrosamines in baby bottle rubber nipples and pacifiers by high-performance liquid chromatography-thermal energy analysis.
  • Oztas MO et al: Dermoscopic features of accessory nipples.

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  • [Copyright] Copyright 2014 Siadaty and Cooper; licensee BioMedLib LLC.
  • (UID = 706411299.001).
  • [ISSN] 2331-5717
  • [Journal-full-title] BioMedLib Review
  • [Language] eng
  • [Publication-type] Review
  • [Publication-country] UNITED STATES
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33. |......... 5%  Benjamins LJ, Gourishankar A, Yataco-Marquez V, Cardona EH, de Ybarrondo L: Honey pacifier use among an indigent pediatric population. Pediatrics; 2013 Jun;131(6):e1838-41
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  • [Source] The source of this record is MEDLINE®, a database of the U.S. National Library of Medicine.
  • [Title] Honey pacifier use among an indigent pediatric population.
  • BACKGROUND: Use of honey pacifiers by infants presenting to a pediatric clinic at a county hospital in Houston, Texas, was observed by several of our staff members.
  • Although we could not find any published studies linking the use of honey pacifiers to infant botulism, we also could not find any studies assessing the prevalence of honey pacifier use in general.
  • Approximately 11% of the respondents reported using honey pacifiers with their infant children.
  • Reasons for use included tradition, infant preference, and perceived health benefits (eg, helps with constipation or colic).
  • Approximately 20% of the honey pacifier users and 23% of the entire group reported knowledge of honey potentially causing an illness in children <12 months of age.
  • CONCLUSIONS: Honey pacifier use was relatively common among this population, seen in ∼1 out of 10 respondents.
  • [MeSH-major] Botulism / epidemiology. Honey / adverse effects. Honey / microbiology. Pacifiers / utilization
  • [MeSH-minor] Adolescent. Adult. Cross-Sectional Studies. Female. Health Surveys. Humans. Infant. Infant, Newborn. Male. Poverty. Prevalence. Texas. Young Adult

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  • (PMID = 23650307.001).
  • [ISSN] 1098-4275
  • [Journal-full-title] Pediatrics
  • [ISO-abbreviation] Pediatrics
  • [Language] eng
  • [Publication-type] Journal Article
  • [Publication-country] United States
  • [Keywords] NOTNLM ; food-borne botulism / herbal medicine / honey / infantile / knowledge / pacifiers
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34. |......... 5%  Horne RS, Hauck FR, Moon RY, L'hoir MP, Blair PS, Physiology and Epidemiology Working Groups of the International Society for the Study and Prevention of Perinatal and Infant Death: Dummy (pacifier) use and sudden infant death syndrome: potential advantages and disadvantages. J Paediatr Child Health; 2014 Mar;50(3):170-4
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  • [Source] The source of this record is MEDLINE®, a database of the U.S. National Library of Medicine.
  • [Title] Dummy (pacifier) use and sudden infant death syndrome: potential advantages and disadvantages.
  • The large decline in deaths due to the sudden infant death syndrome (SIDS) in the last 20 years in many countries is largely due to risk-reduction advice resulting from observational studies that examined the relationship between infant care practices and SIDS.
  • However, advice surrounding the apparent protective effect of dummies (also known as pacifiers) has been controversial.
  • Several systematic reviews have demonstrated a strong association between the lack of a pacifier being used by the infant for the final sleep and SIDS, but it is not clear how pacifiers confer protection or if this is a marker for something as yet unmeasured.
  • The Epidemiology and Physiology Working Groups of the International Society for the Study and Prevention of Perinatal and Infant Death (ISPID) are comprised of leading SIDS researchers with an objective to provide evidence-based position statements surrounding the factors associated with SIDS (http://www.ispid.org/) and risk-reduction strategies.
  • The evidence, discussion and conclusions from these working groups regarding dummies (pacifiers) are described below to help inform this debate and describe the future evidence required so that we might find a common recommendation about dummies (pacifiers) and SIDS.

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  • [Copyright] © 2014 The Authors. Journal of Paediatrics and Child Health © 2014 Paediatrics and Child Health Division (Royal Australasian College of Physicians).
  • (PMID = 24674245.001).
  • [ISSN] 1440-1754
  • [Journal-full-title] Journal of paediatrics and child health
  • [ISO-abbreviation] J Paediatr Child Health
  • [Language] eng
  • [Publication-type] Journal Article
  • [Publication-country] Australia
  • [Keywords] NOTNLM ; general paediatrics / infant sleep / risk reduction / sudden infant death syndrome.
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35. |......... 5%  Jenik AG, Vain N: The pacifier debate. Early Hum Dev; 2009 Oct;85(10 Suppl):S89-91
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  • [Source] The source of this record is MEDLINE®, a database of the U.S. National Library of Medicine.
  • [Title] The pacifier debate.
  • A variety of studies have indicated that pacifier use lowers the risk of SIDS.
  • Many observational studies have demonstrated a negative association between pacifier use and breastfeeding duration.
  • However, observational studies cannot be used to determine whether the pacifier is the real cause of breastfeeding cessation.
  • Three RCTs have been conducted on the relationship between pacifiers and breastfeeding, but each study has limitations, implying that the evidence of not causal effect can be questionated.
  • We have recently presented the results of a large RCT which demonstrated that in mothers who are successfully breastfeeding at 2 weeks, the recommendation to offer a pacifier does not modify the prevalence of exclusive and any breastfeeding at different ages or the duration of lactation.
  • It is therefore important that lactation consultants and international agencies reexamine their staunch position to discourage the use of pacifiers on the basis of a supposed adverse effect on the success and duration of breastfeeding.
  • [MeSH-major] Breast Feeding. Pacifiers / adverse effects
  • [MeSH-minor] Female. Humans. Infant. Infant Behavior. Lactation. Mother-Child Relations. Randomized Controlled Trials as Topic. Risk Factors. Sucking Behavior. Sudden Infant Death / prevention & control. Time Factors

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  • (PMID = 19762175.001).
  • [ISSN] 1872-6232
  • [Journal-full-title] Early human development
  • [ISO-abbreviation] Early Hum. Dev.
  • [Language] eng
  • [Publication-type] Journal Article
  • [Publication-country] Ireland
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36. |......... 5%  Festini F, Giusti F, Paoletti E, Biancalani L, Poggi GM: Is early use of pacifier a risk factor for diarrhea? Minerva Pediatr; 2012 Jun;64(3):303-5
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  • [Source] The source of this record is MEDLINE®, a database of the U.S. National Library of Medicine.
  • [Title] Is early use of pacifier a risk factor for diarrhea?
  • Previous studies have suggested that pacifiers may get contaminated but only three studies have shown a possible association between the use of pacifiers and diarrhea or enteric infections.
  • The goal of this study was to investigate whether the early start of pacifier within the first month of life is a risk factor for diarrhea in early childhood.
  • RESULTS: Among cases (N.=63), those who had started using pacifier in the first month of life were 61.9%, while among controls (N.=78) they were 29.4%, OR 3.89, CI95% 1.92-7.85.
  • Type and frequency of pacifier hygiene practices were not associated with diarrhea.
  • CONCLUSION: Our results suggest that the recommendation to postpone pacifier use after the first month of life not to interfere with the duration of breastfeeding, may have also the effect to reduce the risk of episodes of diarrhea in the first three years of life.
  • [MeSH-major] Diarrhea / epidemiology. Diarrhea / etiology. Infant Care. Pacifiers / adverse effects. Pacifiers / utilization
  • [MeSH-minor] Adult. Case-Control Studies. Child, Preschool. Female. Humans. Hygiene. Infant. Italy / epidemiology. Male. Mothers. Questionnaires. Risk Factors. Time Factors


37. |......... 5%  Cooper IF, Siadaty MS: 'Hazardous or Poisonous Substances' associated with 'Nipple Anatomy': Top Publications. BioMedLib Review; HazardousOrPoisonous;NippleAnatomy:705703662. ISSN: 2331-5717. 2014/12/23
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  • [Title] 'Hazardous or Poisonous Substances' associated with 'Nipple Anatomy': Top Publications.
  • [Transliterated title]
  • Background: There are articles published each month which present 'Hazardous or Poisonous Substance' for 'nipple anatomy'.
  • Finding such articles is important for researchers, clinicians, and patients.
  • However these articles are spread across thousands of journals, and there are many types of 'Hazardous or Poisonous Substance'.
  • This makes searching and locating the relevant publications a challenge.
  • We have used BioMedLib's semantic search technology to address the issue, and gathered all the pertinent publications in this review article.
  • Methods: We categorized the publications we found into two groups.
  • We used the strength of textual-association to separate the groups.
  • In group one there are publications with the strongest evidence of association. We focused finding the most relevant publications pertinent to our goal, rather than combining them into a conclusion section. Such textual synthesis will be the focus of our next project.
  • Results: Group one includes 19 publications, and group two 2839 publications.
  • Here are the top 10.
  • Sen NP et al: Volatile N-nitrosamines in baby bottle rubber nipples and pacifiers. Analysis, occurrence and migration.
  • Havery DC et al: Estimation of volatile N-nitrosamines in rubber nipples for babies' bottles.
  • Havery DC et al: Survey of baby bottle rubber nipples for volatile N-nitrosamines.
  • Havery DC et al: Reduction in levels of volatile N-nitrosamines in rubber nipples for babies' bottles.
  • Sen NP et al: Improved method for determination of volatile nitrosamines in baby bottle rubber nipples and pacifiers.
  • Osterdahl BG: N-nitrosamines and nitrosatable compounds in rubber nipples and pacifiers.
  • Westin JB et al: N-nitrosamines and nitrosatable amines, potential precursors of N-nitramines, in children's pacifiers and baby-bottle nipples.
  • Sen NP et al: Determination of non-volatile N-nitrosamines in baby bottle rubber nipples and pacifiers by high-performance liquid chromatography-thermal energy analysis.
  • Thompson HC Jr et al: Determination of N-nitrosamines and N-nitrosamine precursors in rubber nipples from baby pacifiers by gas chromatography-thermal energy analysis.
  • Gray JI et al: Gas chromatographic-thermal energy analysis method for determination of volatile N-nitrosamines in baby bottle rubber nipples: collaborative study.

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  • [Copyright] Copyright 2014 Siadaty and Cooper; licensee BioMedLib LLC.
  • (UID = 705703662.001).
  • [ISSN] 2331-5717
  • [Journal-full-title] BioMedLib Review
  • [Language] eng
  • [Publication-type] Review
  • [Publication-country] UNITED STATES
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38. |......... 5%  Kair LR, Kenron D, Etheredge K, Jaffe AC, Phillipi CA: Pacifier restriction and exclusive breastfeeding. Pediatrics; 2013 Apr;131(4):e1101-7
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  • [Source] The source of this record is MEDLINE®, a database of the U.S. National Library of Medicine.
  • [Title] Pacifier restriction and exclusive breastfeeding.
  • OBJECTIVE: We tested the hypothesis that removing pacifiers from routine distribution in our mother-baby unit (MBU) would be associated with greater breastfeeding initiation or exclusivity during the birth hospitalization.
  • METHODS: We retrospectively compared exclusive breastfeeding, breastfeeding plus supplemental formula feeding, and exclusive formula feeding rates for 2249 infants admitted to the MBU at our university teaching hospital during the 5 months before and 8 months after restriction of routine pacifier distribution.
  • RESULTS: Of the 2249 infants, 79% were exclusively breastfed from July through November 2010, when pacifiers were routinely distributed.
  • During the 8-month period after pacifier restriction, this proportion decreased significantly to 68% (P < .001).
  • CONCLUSIONS: Restricting pacifier distribution during the newborn hospitalization without also restricting access to formula was associated with decreased exclusive breastfeeding, increased supplemental formula feeding, and increased exclusive formula feeding.
  • Because high-quality, prospective medical literature addressing pacifier use and breastfeeding does not conclusively show an adverse relationship in women who are motivated to breastfeed, more studies are needed to help determine what effect, if any, pacifiers have on breastfeeding initiation and exclusivity in the immediate newborn period.
  • [MeSH-major] Breast Feeding / statistics & numerical data. Infant Care / methods. Infant Formula / statistics & numerical data. Pacifiers. Postnatal Care / methods
  • [MeSH-minor] Adult. Female. Hospital Units / standards. Humans. Infant, Newborn. Male. Outcome and Process Assessment (Health Care). Practice Guidelines as Topic. Retrospective Studies


39. |......... 5%  Hardcastle T: Sucrose has been shown to have analgesic properties when administered to neonates and infants: is there the potential for its use in post-operative pain management? J Perioper Pract; 2010 Jan;20(1):19-22
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  • [Source] The source of this record is MEDLINE®, a database of the U.S. National Library of Medicine.
  • Much research has been performed over the years into the analgesic effect of sucrose administered for painful procedures performed on the neonate and infant.
  • Studies have reported the endogenous effect of sucrose when used in conjunction with non-nutritive sucking (pacifiers).
  • [MeSH-major] Analgesics / therapeutic use. Pacifiers. Pain, Postoperative / prevention & control. Sucrose / therapeutic use
  • [MeSH-minor] Analgesia. Evidence-Based Practice. Humans. Infant. Infant, Newborn. Neonatal Nursing. Pain Measurement. Sucking Behavior

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  • (PMID = 20225716.001).
  • [ISSN] 1750-4589
  • [Journal-full-title] Journal of perioperative practice
  • [ISO-abbreviation] J Perioper Pract
  • [Language] eng
  • [Publication-type] Journal Article
  • [Publication-country] England
  • [Chemical-registry-number] 0 / Analgesics; 57-50-1 / Sucrose
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40. |......... 5%  Cooper IF, Siadaty MS: 'Organic Chemicals' associated with 'Nipple Anatomy': Top Publications. BioMedLib Review; OrganicChemical;NippleAnatomy:705549276. ISSN: 2331-5717. 2014/1/3
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  • [Title] 'Organic Chemicals' associated with 'Nipple Anatomy': Top Publications.
  • [Transliterated title]
  • Background: There are articles published each month which present 'Organic Chemical' for 'nipple anatomy'.
  • Finding such articles is important for researchers, clinicians, and patients.
  • However these articles are spread across thousands of journals, and there are many types of 'Organic Chemical'.
  • This makes searching and locating the relevant publications a challenge.
  • We have used BioMedLib's semantic search technology to address the issue, and gathered all the pertinent publications in this review article.
  • Methods: We categorized the publications we found into two groups.
  • We used the strength of textual-association to separate the groups.
  • In group one there are publications with the strongest evidence of association. We focused finding the most relevant publications pertinent to our goal, rather than combining them into a conclusion section. Such textual synthesis will be the focus of our next project.
  • Results: Group one includes 27 publications, and group two 7678 publications.
  • Here are the top 10.
  • Cooper IF et al: 'Organic Chemicals' associated with 'Nipple Anatomy': Top Publications.
  • Michael A et al: Fluoxetine-induced anaesthesia of vagina and nipples.
  • Westin JB et al: N-nitrosamines and nitrosatable amines, potential precursors of N-nitramines, in children's pacifiers and baby-bottle nipples.
  • Sen NP et al: Volatile N-nitrosamines in baby bottle rubber nipples and pacifiers. Analysis, occurrence and migration.
  • Huggins KE et al: Twenty cases of persistent sore nipples: collaboration between lactation consultant and dermatologist.
  • Havery DC et al: Estimation of volatile N-nitrosamines in rubber nipples for babies' bottles.
  • Havery DC et al: Reduction in levels of volatile N-nitrosamines in rubber nipples for babies' bottles.
  • Havery DC et al: Survey of baby bottle rubber nipples for volatile N-nitrosamines.
  • Sen NP et al: Improved method for determination of volatile nitrosamines in baby bottle rubber nipples and pacifiers.
  • Osterdahl BG: N-nitrosamines and nitrosatable compounds in rubber nipples and pacifiers.

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  • [Copyright] Copyright 2014 Siadaty and Cooper; licensee BioMedLib LLC.
  • (UID = 705549276.001).
  • [ISSN] 2331-5717
  • [Journal-full-title] BioMedLib Review
  • [Language] eng
  • [Publication-type] Review
  • [Publication-country] UNITED STATES
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41. |......... 4%  Oder AL, Stalling DL, Barlow SM: Short-Term Effects of Pacifier Texture on NNS in Neurotypical Infants. Int J Pediatr; 2013;2013:168459
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  • [Title] Short-Term Effects of Pacifier Texture on NNS in Neurotypical Infants.
  • The dense representation of trigeminal mechanosensitive afferents in the lip vermilion, anterior tongue, intraoral mucosa, and temporomandibular joint allows the infant's orofacial system to encode a wide range of somatosensory experiences during the critical period associated with feed development.
  • Our understanding of how this complex sensorium processes texture is very limited in adults, and the putative role of texture encoding in the infant is unknown.
  • The purpose of this study was to examine the short-term effects of a novel textured pacifier experience in healthy term infants (N = 28).
  • Nonnutritive suck (NNS) compression pressure waveforms were digitized in real time using a variety of custom-molded textured pacifiers varying in spatial array density of touch domes.
  • MANCOVA, adjusted for postmenstrual age at test and sex, revealed that infants exhibited an increase in NNS burst attempts at the expense of a degraded suck burst structure with the textured pacifiers, suggesting that the suck central pattern generator (sCPG) is significantly disrupted and reorganized by this novel orocutaneous experience.
  • The current findings provide new insight into oromotor control as a function of the oral somatosensory environment in neurotypically developing infants.

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  • (PMID = 23737804.001).
  • [ISSN] 1687-9740
  • [Journal-full-title] International journal of pediatrics
  • [ISO-abbreviation] Int J Pediatr
  • [Language] eng
  • [Publication-type] Journal Article
  • [Publication-country] Egypt
  • [Other-IDs] NLM/ PMC3657447
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42. |......... 4%  Roig AO, Martínez MR, García JC, Hoyos SP, Navidad GL, Alvarez JC, Pujalte Mdel M, De León González RG: Factors associated to breastfeeding cessation before 6 months. Rev Lat Am Enfermagem; 2010 May-Jun;18(3):373-80
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  • Lower educational level was associated with cessation of ABF and the use of pacifiers or occasional breast-milk substitutes with cessation of FBF.
  • The use of pacifiers and not-medically indicated breast milk substitutes should be controlled.
  • [MeSH-minor] Humans. Infant. Infant, Newborn. Multivariate Analysis. Socioeconomic Factors. Time Factors

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  • (PMID = 20721426.001).
  • [ISSN] 0104-1169
  • [Journal-full-title] Revista latino-americana de enfermagem
  • [ISO-abbreviation] Rev Lat Am Enfermagem
  • [Language] eng
  • [Publication-type] Journal Article
  • [Publication-country] Brazil
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43. |......... 4%  Caminha Mde F, Serva VB, dos Anjos MM, Brito RB, Lins MM, Batista Filho M: [Exclusive breastfeeding among professionals in a Family Healthcare Program]. Cien Saude Colet; 2011 Apr;16(4):2245-50
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  • [Source] The source of this record is MEDLINE®, a database of the U.S. National Library of Medicine.
  • A tendency of statistical significance was found in relation to the use of pacifiers among children whose mothers did not breastfeed exclusively (p=0.051).
  • The difficulties found during breastfeeding among the workers of the Family Health Program of the IV Sanitary Health District and the use of pacifiers among their children are problems that deserve attention, due to the fact that they represent a group that serves as a model for the community.
  • [MeSH-minor] Adult. Child, Preschool. Cross-Sectional Studies. Female. Government Programs. Humans. Infant. Male. Young Adult

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  • (PMID = 21584465.001).
  • [ISSN] 1678-4561
  • [Journal-full-title] Ciência & saúde coletiva
  • [ISO-abbreviation] Cien Saude Colet
  • [Language] por
  • [Publication-type] English Abstract; Journal Article
  • [Publication-country] Brazil
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44. |......... 4%  Parizoto GM, Parada CM, Venâncio SI, Carvalhaes MA: Trends and patterns of exclusive breastfeeding for under-6-month-old children. J Pediatr (Rio J); 2009 May-Jun;85(3):201-8
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  • Significant inverse association was observed between EBF and the use of pacifiers (hazard ratio = 2.03; 95% confidence interval 1.44-2.84).
  • The use of pacifiers was the only factor associated with greater chances of EBF interruption.
  • [MeSH-minor] Age Distribution. Brazil / epidemiology. Epidemiologic Methods. Humans. Infant. Infant, Newborn. Pacifiers / statistics & numerical data. Pacifiers / utilization. Risk Factors. Socioeconomic Factors. Time Factors. Weaning

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  • [CommentIn] J Pediatr (Rio J). 2009 May-Jun;85(3):181-2 [19492177.001]
  • [CommentIn] J Pediatr (Rio J). 2009 Sep-Oct;85(5):462-3; author reply 463-4 [19830365.001]
  • (PMID = 19492168.001).
  • [ISSN] 1678-4782
  • [Journal-full-title] Jornal de pediatria
  • [ISO-abbreviation] J Pediatr (Rio J)
  • [Language] eng; por
  • [Publication-type] Comparative Study; Journal Article
  • [Publication-country] Brazil
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45. |......... 4%  Forrester-Knauss C, Merten S, Weiss C, Ackermann-Liebrich U, Zemp Stutz E: The baby-friendly hospital initiative in Switzerland: trends over a 9-year period. J Hum Lact; 2013 Nov;29(4):510-6
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  • [Source] The source of this record is MEDLINE®, a database of the U.S. National Library of Medicine.
  • BACKGROUND: This article reports the trends over a 9-year period for 4 steps of the Baby-Friendly Hospital Initiative (BFHI) (exclusive breastfeeding, uninterrupted rooming-in, no use of pacifiers, and initiation of breastfeeding within the first 2 hours after birth) during hospital stays in Switzerland.
  • RESULTS: Significant improvements were found for 3 of the 4 steps of the BFHI between 2000 and 2008: rates of exclusive breastfeeding during postpartum stay (35.9%-57.6%, P < .001), uninterrupted rooming-in (48.2%-73.1%, P < .001), and no use of pacifiers (33.6%-48.1%, P < .001).
  • Exclusive breastfeeding during hospital stay was significantly related to no use of pacifiers (P < .001) and to uninterrupted rooming-in (P < .001) in the years when exclusive breastfeeding particularly increased (2003, 2004, and 2008).

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  • (PMID = 23578942.001).
  • [ISSN] 1552-5732
  • [Journal-full-title] Journal of human lactation : official journal of International Lactation Consultant Association
  • [ISO-abbreviation] J Hum Lact
  • [Language] eng
  • [Publication-type] Journal Article; Research Support, Non-U.S. Gov't
  • [Publication-country] United States
  • [Keywords] NOTNLM ; Baby-Friendly Hospital Initiative / breastfeeding / exclusive breastfeeding / initiation of breastfeeding / monitoring / pacifier use / trends / uninterrupted rooming-in
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46. |......... 4%  Jaafar SH, Jahanfar S, Angolkar M, Ho JJ: Effect of restricted pacifier use in breastfeeding term infants for increasing duration of breastfeeding. Cochrane Database Syst Rev; 2012;7:CD007202
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  • [Source] The source of this record is MEDLINE®, a database of the U.S. National Library of Medicine.
  • [Title] Effect of restricted pacifier use in breastfeeding term infants for increasing duration of breastfeeding.
  • BACKGROUND: To successfully initiate and maintain breastfeeding for a longer duration, the World Health Organization's Ten Steps to Successful Breastfeeding recommends total avoidance of artificial teats or pacifiers for breastfeeding infants.
  • Offering the pacifier instead of the breast to calm the infant may lead to less frequent episodes of breastfeeding and as a consequence may reduce breast milk production and shorten duration of breastfeeding; however, this remains unclear.
  • OBJECTIVES: To assess the effect of unrestricted versus restricted pacifier use in healthy full-term newborns whose mothers have initiated breastfeeding and intend to exclusively breastfeed, on the duration of breastfeeding, other breastfeeding outcomes and infant health.
  • SELECTION CRITERIA: Randomised and quasi-randomised controlled trials comparing unrestricted versus restricted pacifier use in healthy full-term newborns who have initiated breastfeeding regardless of whether they were born at home or in the hospital.
  • Meta-analysis of the two combined studies showed that pacifier use in healthy breastfeeding infants had no significant effect on the proportion of infants exclusively breastfed at three months (risk ratio (RR) 0.99; 95% confidence interval (CI) 0.93 to 1.05), and at four months of age (RR 0.99; 95% CI 0.92 to 1.06) and also had no effect on the proportion of infants partially breastfed at three months (RR 1.00; 95% CI 0.98 to 1.13), and at 4 months of age (RR 1.01; 95% CI 0.98 to 1.03).
  • AUTHORS' CONCLUSIONS: Pacifier use in healthy term breastfeeding infants, started from birth or after lactation is established, did not significantly affect the prevalence or duration of exclusive and partial breastfeeding up to four months of age.
  • However, evidence to assess the short-term breastfeeding difficulties faced by mothers and long-term effect of pacifiers on infants' health is lacking.
  • [MeSH-major] Breast Feeding / statistics & numerical data. Pacifiers / utilization
  • [MeSH-minor] Female. Humans. Infant. Infant, Newborn. Lactation. Motivation. Randomized Controlled Trials as Topic. Time Factors

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  • [UpdateOf] Cochrane Database Syst Rev. 2011;(3):CD007202 [21412899.001]
  • (PMID = 22786506.001).
  • [ISSN] 1469-493X
  • [Journal-full-title] The Cochrane database of systematic reviews
  • [ISO-abbreviation] Cochrane Database Syst Rev
  • [Language] eng
  • [Publication-type] Journal Article; Meta-Analysis; Research Support, Non-U.S. Gov't; Review
  • [Publication-country] England
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47. |......... 4%  Karabulut E, Yalçin SS, Ozdemir-Geyik P, Karaağaoğlu E: Effect of pacifier use on exclusive and any breastfeeding: a meta-analysis. Turk J Pediatr; 2009 Jan-Feb;51(1):35-43
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  • [Source] The source of this record is MEDLINE®, a database of the U.S. National Library of Medicine.
  • [Title] Effect of pacifier use on exclusive and any breastfeeding: a meta-analysis.
  • The objective of this meta-analysis was to determine with cross-sectional and cohort trails whether the use of pacifier increases the risk of early weaning from exclusive breastfeeding before six months of age or cessation of breastfeeding from any breastfeeding before 24 months of age.
  • Additionally, the effect of the age for starting pacifier use on breastfeeding duration was analyzed in the cohort trails.
  • The Medline database was searched (1980 to 2006) with "breastfeed, breastfeeding, or breast feed" and "pacifier, dummy, or soother" as individual keywords.
  • Summary risk ratio for early weaning before six months of age in exclusive breastfeeding trails was 2.016 (95% CI: 1.619-2.511) for pacifier users compared with nonusers in studies with univariate analysis and 1.792 (95% CI: 1.452-2.212) in studies with multivariate analysis.
  • Similarly, pacifier usage compared with nonusers reduced the duration of any breastfeeding in both univariate (2.760, 95% CI: 2.083-3.657) and multivariate trials (1.952, 95% CI: 1.662-2.293).
  • The use of pacifiers was associated with shortened duration of exclusive and of any breastfeeding.
  • Given the increase in the benefits with duration of breastfeeding, parents should be informed of the link between pacifier use and shortened breastfeeding duration in order to help them make informed decisions about their children's care.
  • [MeSH-major] Breast Feeding. Pacifiers

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  • (PMID = 19378889.001).
  • [ISSN] 0041-4301
  • [Journal-full-title] The Turkish journal of pediatrics
  • [ISO-abbreviation] Turk. J. Pediatr.
  • [Language] eng
  • [Publication-type] Journal Article; Meta-Analysis
  • [Publication-country] Turkey
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48. |......... 4%  Salah M, Abdel-Aziz M, Al-Farok A, Jebrini A: Recurrent acute otitis media in infants: analysis of risk factors. Int J Pediatr Otorhinolaryngol; 2013 Oct;77(10):1665-9
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  • [Source] The source of this record is MEDLINE®, a database of the U.S. National Library of Medicine.
  • We analyzed various risk factors that may affect the prognosis of RAOM, including: age, prematurity, upper respiratory tract infections (URTI), duration of breastfeeding, use of pacifiers, parental smoking, seasonality, the presence of siblings (family size), gender, adenoid hypertrophy, allergy, and craniofacial abnormalities.
  • RESULTS: Use of pacifiers, short duration of breastfeeding, older infantile age, winter season, URTI and presence of adenoid hypertrophy were identified as risk factors for RAOM.
  • CONCLUSIONS: Factors that may cause recurrence of the disease in infant population are use of pacifiers, short duration of breastfeeding, older infantile age, winter season, upper respiratory tract infections and adenoid hypertrophy.
  • [MeSH-minor] Acute Disease. Breast Feeding / adverse effects. Cohort Studies. Female. Humans. Hypersensitivity / complications. Incidence. Infant. Male. Pacifiers / adverse effects. Prognosis. Recurrence. Respiratory Tract Infections / complications. Retrospective Studies. Risk Factors. Seasons. Severity of Illness Index. Siblings. Time Factors. Tobacco Smoke Pollution / adverse effects

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  • [Copyright] Copyright © 2013 Elsevier Ireland Ltd. All rights reserved.
  • (PMID = 23953241.001).
  • [ISSN] 1872-8464
  • [Journal-full-title] International journal of pediatric otorhinolaryngology
  • [ISO-abbreviation] Int. J. Pediatr. Otorhinolaryngol.
  • [Language] eng
  • [Publication-type] Journal Article
  • [Publication-country] Ireland
  • [Chemical-registry-number] 0 / Tobacco Smoke Pollution; 74469-00-4 / Amoxicillin-Potassium Clavulanate Combination
  • [Keywords] NOTNLM ; Acute otitis media / Adenoid / Allergy / Breastfeeding / Infantile infection / Upper respiratory infection
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49. |......... 4%  Hanzer M, Zotter H, Sauseng W, Pfurtscheller K, Müller W, Kerbl R: Pacifier use does not alter the frequency or duration of spontaneous arousals in sleeping infants. Sleep Med; 2009 Apr;10(4):464-70
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  • [Source] The source of this record is MEDLINE®, a database of the U.S. National Library of Medicine.
  • [Title] Pacifier use does not alter the frequency or duration of spontaneous arousals in sleeping infants.
  • OBJECTIVE: It has been reported that pacifiers might reduce the risk of SIDS by favouring infants' arousability from sleep.
  • We evaluated the influence of a pacifier on the frequency and duration of spontaneous arousals in healthy infants.
  • METHODS: Polygraphic recordings were performed in 14 infants with an age of 51.7+/-19.9 days (means+/-SD) who regularly used a pacifier during sleep.
  • The number of arousals per 10-min-period and the duration of arousals were determined for periods of pacifier use as well as for periods after pacifier dislodgement and were compared with the data of 10 control infants (age 49.8+/-16.5 days) who never used a pacifier.
  • RESULTS: Altogether, 211 arousals in pacifier users and 225 arousals in non-users were scored.
  • In pacifier users, 2.0+/-1.6 arousals per 10-min-period with a duration of 12.2+/-3.0 s occurred during pacifier use, and 1.7+/-1.6 arousals per 10-min-period with a duration of 12.2+/-3.1s occurred during periods without pacifier.
  • In pacifier non-users, 2.3+/-1.2 arousals per 10-min-period (duration 13.9+/-2.9s) were scored.
  • The results did not show a significant difference concerning frequency and duration of spontaneous arousals between pacifier users and non-users.
  • CONCLUSIONS: Our findings suggest that factors other than arousal mechanisms might be responsible for the efficacy of pacifiers in SIDS prophylaxis.
  • [MeSH-major] Arousal / physiology. Pacifiers / adverse effects. Sleep / physiology. Sleep Disorders / epidemiology
  • [MeSH-minor] Electroencephalography. Female. Humans. Infant. Male. Polysomnography. Risk Assessment. Risk Factors. Time Factors

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  • (PMID = 18684666.001).
  • [ISSN] 1389-9457
  • [Journal-full-title] Sleep medicine
  • [ISO-abbreviation] Sleep Med.
  • [Language] eng
  • [Publication-type] Controlled Clinical Trial; Journal Article
  • [Publication-country] Netherlands
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50. |......... 4%  Lindsten R, Larsson E: Pacifier-sucking and breast-feeding: a comparison between the 1960 s and the 1990 s. J Dent Child (Chic); 2009 Sep-Dec;76(3):199-203
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  • [Source] The source of this record is MEDLINE®, a database of the U.S. National Library of Medicine.
  • [Title] Pacifier-sucking and breast-feeding: a comparison between the 1960 s and the 1990 s.
  • PURPOSE: Pacifiers and their forerunners have been condemned in past centuries, probably beginning in the 17(th) and 18(th) centuries when alcohol and opiates were incorporated as fillings in sucking rags in Great Britain.
  • Nowadays, the modern pacifier is criticized for reducing breast-feeding time and encouraging weaning.
  • The purpose of this study was to analyze if pacifier-sucking has been detrimental to breast-feeding in the past few decades.
  • METHODS: In the present study, 2 groups of young children born 30 years apart (1967 and 1995 to 1997) in the same geographic area were analyzed in the first 6 months of age regarding their sucking and feeding habits, including initial and prolonged pacifier-sucking and breast-feeding.
  • RESULTS: Findings do not support the commonly held opinion that pacifier-sucking reduces breast-feeding time.
  • In the 30 years that separate the 2 groups, the pacifier-sucking habit increased by 32% and prolonged use of a pacifier increased.
  • CONCLUSIONS: The results suggest that mothers might be unable to satisfy their child's sucking urge through breast-feeding alone, and that they use the pacifier as a supplement.
  • Pacifier use does not negatively affect the prevalence of breast-feeding.
  • [MeSH-major] Breast Feeding. Pacifiers / adverse effects. Sucking Behavior
  • [MeSH-minor] Child, Preschool. Female. Humans. Infant

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  • (PMID = 19941761.001).
  • [ISSN] 1935-5068
  • [Journal-full-title] Journal of dentistry for children (Chicago, Ill.)
  • [ISO-abbreviation] J Dent Child (Chic)
  • [Language] eng
  • [Publication-type] Comparative Study; Journal Article
  • [Publication-country] United States
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