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1. Biomedical articles (top 50; 2010 to 2015)
1. Karadayi S, Nadir A, Sahin E, Celik B, Arslan S, Kaptanoglu M: An analysis of 214 cases of rib fractures. Clinics (Sao Paulo); 2011;66(3):449-51
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  • [Source] The source of this record is MEDLINE®, a database of the U.S. National Library of Medicine.
  • [Title] An analysis of 214 cases of rib fractures.
  • INTRODUCTION: Rib fractures are the most common type of injury associated with trauma to the thorax.
  • In this study, we investigated whether morbidity and mortality rates increased in correlation with the number of fractured ribs.
  • MATERIALS AND METHODS: Data from 214 patients with rib fractures who applied or were referred to our clinic between January 2007 and December 2008 were retrospectively evaluated.
  • The patients were allocated into three groups according to the number of fractures:.
  • 1) patients with an isolated rib fracture (RF1) (n = 50, 23.4%), 2) patients with two rib fractures (RF2) (n = 53, 24.8%), and 3) patients with more than two rib fractures (RF3) (n = 111, 51.9%).
  • The patients were evaluated and compared according to the number of rib fractures, mean age, associated chest injuries (hemothorax, pneumothorax, and/or pulmonary contusion), and co-existing injuries to other systems.
  • CONCLUSION: Patients with any number of rib fractures should be carefully screened for co-existing injuries in other body systems and hospitalized to receive proper treatment.
  • [MeSH-major] Rib Fractures / epidemiology

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  • (PMID = 21552671.001).
  • [ISSN] 1980-5322
  • [Journal-full-title] Clinics (São Paulo, Brazil)
  • [ISO-abbreviation] Clinics (Sao Paulo)
  • [Language] eng
  • [Publication-type] Journal Article
  • [Publication-country] Brazil
  • [Other-IDs] NLM/ PMC3072006
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2. Wuermser LA, Achenbach SJ, Amin S, Khosla S, Melton LJ 3rd: What accounts for rib fractures in older adults? J Osteoporos; 2011;2011:457591
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  • [Source] The source of this record is MEDLINE®, a database of the U.S. National Library of Medicine.
  • [Title] What accounts for rib fractures in older adults?
  • To address the epidemiology of rib fractures, an age- and sex-stratified random sample of 699 Rochester, Minnesota, adults age 21-93 years was followed in a long-term prospective study.
  • Bone mineral density (BMD) was assessed at baseline, and fractures were ascertained by periodic interview and medical record review.
  • During 8560 person-years of followup (median, 13.9 years), 56 subjects experienced 67 rib fracture episodes.
  • Risk factors for falling predicted rib fractures as well as BMD, but both were strongly age-related.
  • After age-adjustment, BMD was associated with rib fractures in women but not men.
  • Importantly, rib fractures attributed to severe trauma were associated with BMD in older individuals of both sexes.
  • Self-reported heavy alcohol use doubled fracture risk but did not achieve significance due to limited statistical power.
  • Bone density, along with heavy alcohol use and other risk factors for falling, contributes to the risk of rib fractures, but no one factor predominates.
  • Older women with rib fractures, regardless of cause, should be considered for an osteoporosis evaluation, and strategies to prevent falling should be considered in both sexes.

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  • (PMID = 22028986.001).
  • [ISSN] 2042-0064
  • [Journal-full-title] Journal of osteoporosis
  • [ISO-abbreviation] J Osteoporos
  • [Language] eng
  • [Grant] United States / NIA NIH HHS / AG / R01 AG034676; United States / NIA NIH HHS / AG / R01 AG034676-47; United States / NIAMS NIH HHS / AR / R01 AR027065; United States / NIAMS NIH HHS / AR / R01 AR027065-30; United States / NCRR NIH HHS / RR / UL1 RR024150; United States / NCRR NIH HHS / RR / UL1 RR024150-06
  • [Publication-type] Journal Article
  • [Publication-country] United States
  • [Other-IDs] NLM/ PMC3199083
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3. Byun JH, Kim HY: Factors affecting pneumonia occurring to patients with multiple rib fractures. Korean J Thorac Cardiovasc Surg; 2013 Apr;46(2):130-4
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  • [Source] The source of this record is MEDLINE®, a database of the U.S. National Library of Medicine.
  • [Title] Factors affecting pneumonia occurring to patients with multiple rib fractures.
  • BACKGROUND: Rib fractures are the most common type of thoracic trauma and cause other complications.
  • We explored the risk factors for pneumonia in patients with multiple rib fractures.
  • MATERIALS AND METHODS: Four hundred and eighteen patients who visited our hospital with multiple rib fractures between January 2002 and December 2008 were retrospectively reviewed.
  • Patients with only a single rib fracture or who were transferred to another hospital within 2 days were excluded.
  • The median number of rib fractures was 4.8.
  • The Injury Severity Score (ISS) and rib score had a median of 15.27 and 6.9, respectively.
  • The factors affecting pneumonia in patients with multiple rib fractures in multivariate analysis included age (p=0.004), ISS (p<0.001), and rib score (p=0.038).
  • CONCLUSION: The factors affecting risk of pneumonia in patients with multiple rib fractures included age (p=0.004), ISS (p<0.001), and rib score (p=0.038).

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  • (PMID = 23614099.001).
  • [ISSN] 2233-601X
  • [Journal-full-title] The Korean journal of thoracic and cardiovascular surgery
  • [ISO-abbreviation] Korean J Thorac Cardiovasc Surg
  • [Language] eng
  • [Publication-type] Journal Article
  • [Publication-country] Korea (South)
  • [Other-IDs] NLM/ PMC3631787
  • [Keywords] NOTNLM ; Hemothorax / Trauma
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Advertisement
4. Downs C, Rodgerson D: The use of nylon cable ties to repair rib fractures in neonatal foals. Can Vet J; 2011 Mar;52(3):307-9
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  • [Source] The source of this record is MEDLINE®, a database of the U.S. National Library of Medicine.
  • [Title] The use of nylon cable ties to repair rib fractures in neonatal foals.
  • Commercially available nylon cable ties were used as a method of internal fixation for displaced rib fractures in 8 equine neonates.
  • The use of nylon cable ties as internal fixation for displaced rib fractures in foals is an effective surgical procedure.
  • [MeSH-major] Animals, Newborn / injuries. Fracture Fixation, Internal / veterinary. Horses / injuries. Nylons. Rib Fractures / veterinary

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  • (PMID = 21629427.001).
  • [ISSN] 0008-5286
  • [Journal-full-title] The Canadian veterinary journal. La revue vétérinaire canadienne
  • [ISO-abbreviation] Can. Vet. J.
  • [Language] eng
  • [Publication-type] Journal Article
  • [Publication-country] Canada
  • [Chemical-registry-number] 0 / Nylons
  • [Other-IDs] NLM/ PMC3039906
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5. Duan J, Lee Y, Jania C, Gong J, Rojas M, Burk L, Willis M, Homeister J, Tilley S, Rubin J, Deb A: Rib fractures and death from deletion of osteoblast βcatenin in adult mice is rescued by corticosteroids. PLoS One; 2013;8(2):e55757
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  • [Source] The source of this record is MEDLINE®, a database of the U.S. National Library of Medicine.
  • [Title] Rib fractures and death from deletion of osteoblast βcatenin in adult mice is rescued by corticosteroids.
  • Ribs are primarily made of cortical bone and are necessary for chest expansion and ventilation.
  • Rib fractures represent the most common type of non-traumatic fractures in the elderly yet few studies have focused on the biology of rib fragility.
  • Here, we show that deletion of βcatenin in Col1a2 expressing osteoblasts of adult mice leads to aggressive osteoclastogenesis with increased serum levels of the osteoclastogenic cytokine RANKL, extensive rib resorption, multiple spontaneous rib fractures and chest wall deformities.
  • Within days of osteoblast specific βcatenin deletion, animals die from respiratory failure with a vanishing rib cage that is unable to sustain ventilation.
  • Treatment with the bisphosphonate pamidronate delayed but did not prevent death or associated rib fractures.
  • Dexamethasone preserved rib structure, prevented respiratory compromise and strikingly increased survival.
  • Our findings provide a novel model of accelerated osteoclastogenesis, where deletion of osteoblast βcatenin in adults leads to rapid development of destructive rib fractures.
  • We demonstrate the role of βcatenin dependent mechanisms in rib fractures and suggest that glucocorticoids, by suppressing RANKL, may have a role in treating bone loss due to aggressive osteoclastogenesis.
  • [MeSH-major] Adrenal Cortex Hormones / therapeutic use. Osteoblasts / metabolism. Rib Fractures / drug therapy. Rib Fractures / metabolism. beta Catenin / metabolism

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  • (PMID = 23393600.001).
  • [ISSN] 1932-6203
  • [Journal-full-title] PloS one
  • [ISO-abbreviation] PLoS ONE
  • [Language] eng
  • [Grant] United States / NIAMS NIH HHS / AR / AR56655; United States / NHLBI NIH HHS / HL / HL090823; United States / NHLBI NIH HHS / HL / HL102190; United States / NHLBI NIH HHS / HL / HL104129; United States / NCI NIH HHS / CA / P30 CA016086; United States / NHLBI NIH HHS / HL / R01 HL102190
  • [Publication-type] Journal Article; Research Support, N.I.H., Extramural; Research Support, Non-U.S. Gov't
  • [Publication-country] United States
  • [Chemical-registry-number] 0 / Adrenal Cortex Hormones; 0 / beta Catenin; 7S5I7G3JQL / Dexamethasone
  • [Other-IDs] NLM/ PMC3564851
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6. Cooper IF, Siadaty MS: 'Quantitative Concepts' associated with 'Broken Rib': Top Publications. BioMedLib Review; QuantitativeConcept;BrokenRib:707373283. ISSN: 2331-5717. 2014/4/9
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  • [Title] 'Quantitative Concepts' associated with 'Broken Rib': Top Publications.
  • [Transliterated title]
  • Background: There are articles published each month which present 'Quantitative Concept' for 'broken rib'.
  • Finding such articles is important for researchers, clinicians, and patients.
  • However these articles are spread across thousands of journals, and there are many types of 'Quantitative Concept'.
  • This makes searching and locating the relevant publications a challenge.
  • We have used BioMedLib's semantic search technology to address the issue, and gathered all the pertinent publications in this review article.
  • Methods: We categorized the publications we found into two groups.
  • We used the strength of textual-association to separate the groups.
  • In group one there are publications with the strongest evidence of association. We focused finding the most relevant publications pertinent to our goal, rather than combining them into a conclusion section. Such textual synthesis will be the focus of our next project.
  • Results: Group one includes 29 publications, and group two 898 publications.
  • Here are the top 10.
  • Barrett-Connor E et al: Epidemiology of rib fractures in older men: Osteoporotic Fractures in Men (MrOS) prospective cohort study.
  • Byun JH et al: Factors affecting pneumonia occurring to patients with multiple rib fractures.
  • Kim J et al: Quantitative measurement method for possible rib fractures in chest radiographs.
  • Girsowicz E et al: Does surgical stabilization improve outcomes in patients with isolated multiple distracted and painful non-flail rib fractures?.
  • Hashemzadeh S et al: Comparison thoracic epidural and intercostal block to improve ventilation parameters and reduce pain in patients with multiple rib fractures.
  • Jaiswal A et al: First rib fractures: not always a hallmark of severe trauma---a report of three cases.
  • Adams C et al: Cause and clinical characteristics of rib fractures in cats: 33 cases (2000-2009).
  • Brown SD et al: Patients with rib fractures: use of incentive spirometry volumes to guide care.
  • Liu J et al: [Internal fixation treatment of multiple rib fractures with absorbable rib-connecting-pins].
  • Liu J et al: [Internal fixation treatment of multiple rib fractures with absorbable rib-connecting-pins under epidural anesthesia].

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  • [Copyright] Copyright 2014 Siadaty and Cooper; licensee BioMedLib LLC.
  • (UID = 707373283.001).
  • [ISSN] 2331-5717
  • [Journal-full-title] BioMedLib Review
  • [Language] eng
  • [Publication-type] Review
  • [Publication-country] UNITED STATES
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7. Cooper IF, Siadaty MS: 'Age Groups' associated with 'Broken Rib': Top Publications. BioMedLib Review; AgeGroup;BrokenRib:706623348. ISSN: 2331-5717. 2014/5/29
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  • [Title] 'Age Groups' associated with 'Broken Rib': Top Publications.
  • [Transliterated title]
  • Background: There are articles published each month which present 'Age Group' for 'broken rib'.
  • Finding such articles is important for researchers, clinicians, and patients.
  • However these articles are spread across thousands of journals, and there are many types of 'Age Group'.
  • This makes searching and locating the relevant publications a challenge.
  • We have used BioMedLib's semantic search technology to address the issue, and gathered all the pertinent publications in this review article.
  • Methods: We categorized the publications we found into two groups.
  • We used the strength of textual-association to separate the groups.
  • In group one there are publications with the strongest evidence of association. We focused finding the most relevant publications pertinent to our goal, rather than combining them into a conclusion section. Such textual synthesis will be the focus of our next project.
  • Results: Group one includes 24 publications, and group two 400 publications.
  • Here are the top 10.
  • Wuermser LA et al: What accounts for rib fractures in older adults?.
  • Lucas-Herald A et al: Prevalence and characteristics of rib fractures in ex-preterm infants.
  • Wilson PM et al: Posterior rib fractures in a young infant who received chiropractic care.
  • Tsujii M et al: An infant with unexplained multiple rib fractures occurring during treatment in a neonatal intensive care unit.
  • Franke I et al: Cardiopulmonary resuscitation (CPR)-related posterior rib fractures in neonates and infants following recommended changes in CPR techniques.
  • Sanchez TR et al: Retrospective evaluation and dating of non-accidental rib fractures in infants.
  • Dolinak D: Rib fractures in infants due to cardiopulmonary resuscitation efforts.
  • Reyes JA et al: Increased incidence of CPR-related rib fractures in infants--is it related to changes in CPR technique?.
  • Love JC et al: Novel classification system of rib fractures observed in infants.
  • Matshes EW et al: Two-handed cardiopulmonary resuscitation can cause rib fractures in infants.

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  • [Copyright] Copyright 2014 Siadaty and Cooper; licensee BioMedLib LLC.
  • (UID = 706623348.001).
  • [ISSN] 2331-5717
  • [Journal-full-title] BioMedLib Review
  • [Language] eng
  • [Publication-type] Review
  • [Publication-country] UNITED STATES
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8. Expert Panel on Thoracic Imaging, Henry TS, Kirsch J, Kanne JP, Chung JH, Donnelly EF, Ginsburg ME, Heitkamp DE, Kazerooni EA, Ketai LH, McComb BL, Parker JA, Ravenel JG, Restrepo CS, Saleh AG, Shah RD, Steiner RM, Suh RD, Mohammed TL: ACR Appropriateness Criteria® rib fractures. J Thorac Imaging; 2014 Nov;29(6):364-6
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  • [Source] The source of this record is MEDLINE®, a database of the U.S. National Library of Medicine.
  • [Title] ACR Appropriateness Criteria® rib fractures.
  • Rib fracture is the most common thoracic injury, present in 10% of all traumatic injuries and almost 40% of patients who sustain severe nonpenetrating trauma.
  • Although rib fractures can produce significant morbidity, the diagnosis of associated complications (such as pneumothorax, hemothorax, pulmonary contusion, atelectasis, flail chest, cardiovascular injury, and injuries to solid and hollow abdominal organs) may have a more significant clinical impact.
  • When isolated, rib fractures have a relatively low morbidity and mortality, and failure to detect isolated rib fractures does not necessarily alter patient management or outcome in uncomplicated cases.
  • A standard posteroanterior chest radiograph should be the initial, and often the only, imaging test required in patients with suspected rib fracture after minor trauma.
  • Detailed radiographs of the ribs rarely add additional information that would change treatment, and, although other imaging tests (eg, computed tomography, bone scan) have increased sensitivity for detection of rib fractures, there are little data to support their use.

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  • (PMID = 25340388.001).
  • [ISSN] 1536-0237
  • [Journal-full-title] Journal of thoracic imaging
  • [ISO-abbreviation] J Thorac Imaging
  • [Language] eng
  • [Publication-type] Journal Article
  • [Publication-country] United States
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9. Yang Y, Young JB, Schermer CR, Utter GH: Use of ketorolac is associated with decreased pneumonia following rib fractures. Am J Surg; 2014 Apr;207(4):566-72
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  • [Source] The source of this record is MEDLINE®, a database of the U.S. National Library of Medicine.
  • [Title] Use of ketorolac is associated with decreased pneumonia following rib fractures.
  • BACKGROUND: The effectiveness of the nonsteroidal anti-inflammatory drug ketorolac in reducing pulmonary morbidity after rib fractures remains largely unknown.
  • METHODS: A retrospective cohort study was conducted spanning January 2003 to June 2011 assessing pneumonia within 30 days and potential adverse effects of ketorolac among all patients with rib fractures who received ketorolac <4 days after injury compared with a random sample of those who did not.
  • The rates of acute kidney injury, gastrointestinal hemorrhage, and fracture nonunion were not different.
  • CONCLUSIONS: Early administration of ketorolac to patients with rib fractures is associated with a decreased likelihood of pneumonia, without apparent risks.
  • [MeSH-major] Ketorolac / therapeutic use. Pneumonia / prevention & control. Rib Fractures / complications

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  • [Copyright] Copyright © 2014 Elsevier Inc. All rights reserved.
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  • (PMID = 24112670.001).
  • [ISSN] 1879-1883
  • [Journal-full-title] American journal of surgery
  • [ISO-abbreviation] Am. J. Surg.
  • [Language] eng
  • [Grant] United States / NCRR NIH HHS / RR / UL1 RR024146; United States / NCRR NIH HHS / RR / UL1 RR024146; United States / NCATS NIH HHS / TR / UL1 TR000002
  • [Publication-type] Journal Article; Randomized Controlled Trial; Research Support, N.I.H., Extramural
  • [Publication-country] United States
  • [Chemical-registry-number] 0 / Anti-Inflammatory Agents, Non-Steroidal; YZI5105V0L / Ketorolac
  • [Other-IDs] NLM/ NIHMS677647; NLM/ PMC4393822
  • [Keywords] NOTNLM ; Analgesia / Ketorolac / Nonsteroidal anti-inflammatory drug / Pneumonia / Pulmonary complication / Rib fractures
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10. Sanchez TR, Nguyen H, Palacios W, Doherty M, Coulter K: Retrospective evaluation and dating of non-accidental rib fractures in infants. Clin Radiol; 2013 Aug;68(8):e467-71
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  • [Source] The source of this record is MEDLINE®, a database of the U.S. National Library of Medicine.
  • [Title] Retrospective evaluation and dating of non-accidental rib fractures in infants.
  • AIM: To describe the sequential appearance of healing rib fractures on initial and follow-up radiographs using published guidelines in approximating the age of rib fractures in infants with the aim of establishing a more objective method of dating rib fractures by measuring the thickness of the callous formation.
  • Six radiological features of rib fractures evaluating the appearance of the callous formation (C stage) and fracture line (F stage) were assessed.
  • RESULTS: Sixteen infants (age range 1-11 months, seven males and nine females) with 23 rib fractures were analysed.
  • The thickness of the callous formation follows a predictable pattern advancing one stage after a 2-week follow-up with progressive callous thickening starting from stage 2, peaks at around stage 4, and then tapers and remodels until it almost disappears when the fracture is healed at stage 6.
  • CONCLUSION: It appears that rib fractures in infants follow a predictable pattern of healing.
  • Measuring the thickness of the callous formation is a more objective way of guiding the radiologist in estimating the age of the fracture.
  • [MeSH-major] Child Abuse. Fracture Healing. Rib Fractures / etiology. Rib Fractures / radiography

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  • [Copyright] Published by Elsevier Ltd.
  • (PMID = 23622800.001).
  • [ISSN] 1365-229X
  • [Journal-full-title] Clinical radiology
  • [ISO-abbreviation] Clin Radiol
  • [Language] eng
  • [Publication-type] Journal Article
  • [Publication-country] England
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11. Schok T, Konsten JL: [Hypovolaemic shock several days after rib fractures]. Ned Tijdschr Geneeskd; 2013;157(2):A4957
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  • [Title] [Hypovolaemic shock several days after rib fractures].
  • [Transliterated title] Hypovolemische shock enkele dagen na ribfracturen.
  • BACKGROUND: A quarter of all patients with rib fractures develop a haemothorax.
  • Both patients had multiple rib fractures.
  • CONCLUSION: A delayed haemothorax is rare but in cases of hypovolaemic shock, this dangerous complication of rib fractures should be ruled out.
  • [MeSH-major] Hemothorax / etiology. Rib Fractures / complications. Shock / etiology

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  • (PMID = 23302347.001).
  • [ISSN] 1876-8784
  • [Journal-full-title] Nederlands tijdschrift voor geneeskunde
  • [ISO-abbreviation] Ned Tijdschr Geneeskd
  • [Language] dut
  • [Publication-type] Case Reports; English Abstract; Journal Article
  • [Publication-country] Netherlands
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12. Matshes EW, Lew EO: Two-handed cardiopulmonary resuscitation can cause rib fractures in infants. Am J Forensic Med Pathol; 2010 Dec;31(4):303-7
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  • [Source] The source of this record is MEDLINE®, a database of the U.S. National Library of Medicine.
  • [Title] Two-handed cardiopulmonary resuscitation can cause rib fractures in infants.
  • The discovery of acute rib fractures in deceased infants and young children can be unsettling.
  • In particular, it is considered exceptional for rib fractures to follow cardiopulmonary resuscitation (CPR) on an infant; thus, some pathologists will consider such a discovery to be evidence of abuse.
  • Five unrelated, nonsequential cases of infant death are reported where multiple acute anterolateral rib arc fractures followed 2-handed CPR delivered by trained medical personnel.
  • [MeSH-major] Cardiopulmonary Resuscitation / adverse effects. Cardiopulmonary Resuscitation / methods. Rib Fractures / etiology

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  • (PMID = 20551821.001).
  • [ISSN] 1533-404X
  • [Journal-full-title] The American journal of forensic medicine and pathology
  • [ISO-abbreviation] Am J Forensic Med Pathol
  • [Language] eng
  • [Publication-type] Case Reports; Journal Article
  • [Publication-country] United States
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13. Hamilton NA, Bucher BT, Keller MS: The significance of first rib fractures in children. J Pediatr Surg; 2011 Jan;46(1):169-72
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  • [Source] The source of this record is MEDLINE®, a database of the U.S. National Library of Medicine.
  • [Title] The significance of first rib fractures in children.
  • PURPOSE: The purpose of the study was to determine if first rib fractures are associated with an increased incidence of thoracic vascular injury in pediatric patients.
  • METHODS: The medical records of all children diagnosed with a first rib fracture or a central vascular injury after blunt trauma treated at a state-designated level 1 pediatric trauma center from 2000 to 2009 were reviewed.
  • RESULTS: Thirty-three children (0.27% of patients; mean age, 10.9 ± 0.9 years) were identified with either a first rib fracture or thoracic vascular injury owing to blunt trauma.
  • Thirty-two children had a first rib fracture, and only 1 child (3%) had significant thoracic vascular injury.
  • Mediastinal abnormalities (indistinct aortic knob) were identified in 3 children, 2 with first rib fracture on initial chest radiograph.
  • In children with first rib fractures and a normal mediastinum by screening chest x-ray, the negative predictive value for thoracic vascular injury was 100%.
  • CONCLUSIONS: Children with first rib fractures without mediastinal abnormality on chest radiograph require no further workup for thoracic vascular injury.
  • [MeSH-major] Rib Fractures / epidemiology. Thoracic Injuries / epidemiology. Vascular System Injuries / epidemiology

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  • [Copyright] Copyright © 2011 Elsevier Inc. All rights reserved.
  • (PMID = 21238660.001).
  • [ISSN] 1531-5037
  • [Journal-full-title] Journal of pediatric surgery
  • [ISO-abbreviation] J. Pediatr. Surg.
  • [Language] eng
  • [Publication-type] Comparative Study; Journal Article
  • [Publication-country] United States
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14. Shuaib W, Vijayasarathi A, Tiwana MH, Johnson JO, Maddu KK, Khosa F: The diagnostic utility of rib series in assessing rib fractures. Emerg Radiol; 2014 Apr;21(2):159-64
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  • [Source] The source of this record is MEDLINE®, a database of the U.S. National Library of Medicine.
  • [Title] The diagnostic utility of rib series in assessing rib fractures.
  • Rib series rarely add information to the posteroanterior (PA) film for the diagnosis of rib fractures.
  • In this investigation, we evaluated the utility of rib X-rays using turnaround time (TAT), radiation exposure, and cost-efficiency as the key parameters.
  • We included patients who had rib series performed for suspected rib fractures.
  • Effective radiation dose for rib series was calculated as a summation of radiation dose from the standard rib series images for each patient.
  • The mean turnaround time for patients undergoing rib series had a value of 133.5 (±129.8) min as opposed to a single chest PA of 61.8(± 64) min.
  • Average effective radiation dose for a rib series was 0.105 (±0.04) mSv, whereas average effective radiation dose of a single chest PA was 0.02 mSv.
  • Dedicated rib series has a low-yield diagnostic value as it pertains to management change.
  • [MeSH-major] Rib Fractures / radiography. Ribs / radiography

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  • (PMID = 24297110.001).
  • [ISSN] 1438-1435
  • [Journal-full-title] Emergency radiology
  • [ISO-abbreviation] Emerg Radiol
  • [Language] eng
  • [Publication-type] Journal Article
  • [Publication-country] United States
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15. Song TF, Wang CC: [Analysis of 163 rib fractures by imaging examination]. Fa Yi Xue Za Zhi; 2014 Dec;30(6):460-2
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  • [Source] The source of this record is MEDLINE®, a database of the U.S. National Library of Medicine.
  • [Title] [Analysis of 163 rib fractures by imaging examination].
  • OBJECTIVE: To explore the applications of imaging examination on rib fracture sites in forensic identification.
  • METHODS: Features including the sites, numbers of the processed imaging examination and the first radiological technology at diagnosis in 56 cases of rib fractures from 163 injuries were retrospectively analyzed.
  • RESULTS: The detection rate of the rib fractures within 14 days was 65.6%.
  • The initial detection rate of anterior rib fracture proceeded by X-ray was 76.2%, then 90.5% detected at a second time X-ray, while the detection rate of CT was 66.7% and 80.0%, respectively.
  • The initial detec- tion rate of rib fracture in axillary section proceeded by X-ray was 27.6%, then 58.6% detected at a second time X-ray, while the detection rate of CT was 54.3% and 80.4%, respectively.
  • The initial detection rate of posterior rib fracture proceeded by X-ray was 63.6%, then 81.8% detected at a second time X-ray, while the detection rate of CT was 50.0% and 70.0%, respectively.
  • In the cases of suspicious for rib fracture in axillary section, CT examination is suggested in such false X-ray negative cases.

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  • (PMID = 25816580.001).
  • [ISSN] 1004-5619
  • [Journal-full-title] Fa yi xue za zhi
  • [ISO-abbreviation] Fa Yi Xue Za Zhi
  • [Language] chi
  • [Publication-type] English Abstract; Journal Article
  • [Publication-country] China
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16. Kessel B, Dagan J, Swaid F, Ashkenazi I, Olsha O, Peleg K, Givon A, Israel Trauma Group, Alfici R: Rib fractures: comparison of associated injuries between pediatric and adult population. Am J Surg; 2014 Nov;208(5):831-4
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  • [Source] The source of this record is MEDLINE®, a database of the U.S. National Library of Medicine.
  • [Title] Rib fractures: comparison of associated injuries between pediatric and adult population.
  • BACKGROUND: Rib fractures are considered a marker of exposure to significant traumatic energy.
  • In children, because of high elasticity of the chest wall, higher energy levels are necessary for ribs to fracture.
  • The purpose of this study was to analyze patterns of associated injuries in children as compared with adults, all of whom presented with rib fractures.
  • METHODS: A retrospective cohort study involving blunt trauma patients with rib fractures registered in the National Trauma Registry was conducted.
  • RESULTS: Of 6,995 trauma victims who were found to suffer from rib fractures, 328 were children and 6,627 were adults.
  • Isolated rib fractures without associated injuries occurred in 19 children (5.8%) and 731 adults (11%).
  • More adults had 4 or more fractured ribs compared with children (P < .001).
  • CONCLUSIONS: The incidence of associated head, thoracic, and abdominal solid organ injuries in children was significantly higher than in adults suffering from rib fractures.
  • Mortality of rib fracture patients was mostly affected by the presence of extrathoracic injuries.
  • [MeSH-major] Multiple Trauma / etiology. Rib Fractures

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  • [Copyright] Copyright © 2014 Elsevier Inc. All rights reserved.
  • (PMID = 24832239.001).
  • [ISSN] 1879-1883
  • [Journal-full-title] American journal of surgery
  • [ISO-abbreviation] Am. J. Surg.
  • [Language] eng
  • [Publication-type] Comparative Study; Journal Article
  • [Publication-country] United States
  • [Keywords] NOTNLM ; Associated injuries / Blunt trauma / Pattern of injury / Rib fractures
  • [Investigator] Bahouth H; Becker A; Hadary A; Karawani M; Klein Y; Lin G; Merin O; Miklosh B; Mnouskin Y; Rivkind A; Shaked G; Simon D; Sivak G; Soffer D; Stein M; Weiss M
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17. Adams C, Streeter EM, King R, Rozanski E: Cause and clinical characteristics of rib fractures in cats: 33 cases (2000-2009). J Vet Emerg Crit Care (San Antonio); 2010 Aug;20(4):436-40
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  • [Title] Cause and clinical characteristics of rib fractures in cats: 33 cases (2000-2009).
  • OBJECTIVE: To characterize the clinical features and population differences among cats sustaining traumatic and nontraumatic rib fractures.
  • ANIMALS: Thirty-three cats with radiographic evidence of rib fractures.
  • MEASUREMENTS AND MAIN RESULTS: Cats with rib fractures were identified by performing a computer search of the radiology database.
  • Thirty-three cats that sustained rib fractures were identified between January 2000 and September 2009.
  • Seventeen cats had fractures due to trauma and 16 were deemed to occur from nontraumatic causes.
  • Older cats were more likely to sustain rib fractures as a result of a presumed nontraumatic causes.
  • A Chi-square analysis showed that nontraumatic fractures occurred significantly more often in the midbody region and involved the 9th-13th ribs.
  • The majority of cats with presumed nontraumatic rib fracture had respiratory disease; the remaining cats had chronic renal disease or neoplasia.
  • Cats with traumatic rib fractures had external signs of trauma.
  • CONCLUSION: Rib fractures in cats may be clearly associated with trauma, or may be an incidental finding in cats with comorbidities.
  • Cats with diseases that cause prolonged respiratory effort or coughing, metabolic diseases, or certain neoplasms, are at increased risk of spontaneous nontraumatic rib fractures.
  • [MeSH-major] Cat Diseases / epidemiology. Cat Diseases / etiology. Cats / injuries. Rib Fractures / veterinary

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  • (PMID = 20731810.001).
  • [ISSN] 1476-4431
  • [Journal-full-title] Journal of veterinary emergency and critical care (San Antonio, Tex. : 2001)
  • [ISO-abbreviation] J Vet Emerg Crit Care (San Antonio)
  • [Language] eng
  • [Publication-type] Journal Article
  • [Publication-country] United States
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18. Gordy S, Fabricant L, Ham B, Mullins R, Mayberry J: The contribution of rib fractures to chronic pain and disability. Am J Surg; 2014 May;207(5):659-62; discussion 662-3
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  • [Source] The source of this record is MEDLINE®, a database of the U.S. National Library of Medicine.
  • [Title] The contribution of rib fractures to chronic pain and disability.
  • BACKGROUND: The contribution of rib fractures to chronic pain and disability is not well described.
  • METHODS: Two hundred three patients with rib fractures were followed for 6 months.
  • Associated injuries, bilateral rib fractures, injury severity score, and number of rib fractures were not predictive of chronic pain.
  • Among 89 patients with isolated rib fractures, the prevalence of chronic pain was 28% and of disability was 40%.
  • Bilateral rib fractures and acute PPI predicted disability.
  • CONCLUSION: The contribution of rib fractures to chronic pain and disability is significant but unpredictable with conventional injury descriptors.
  • [MeSH-major] Chronic Pain / etiology. Recovery of Function. Rib Fractures / complications

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  • [Copyright] Copyright © 2014 Elsevier Inc. All rights reserved.
  • (PMID = 24612969.001).
  • [ISSN] 1879-1883
  • [Journal-full-title] American journal of surgery
  • [ISO-abbreviation] Am. J. Surg.
  • [Language] eng
  • [Publication-type] Journal Article; Research Support, Non-U.S. Gov't
  • [Publication-country] United States
  • [Keywords] NOTNLM ; Chronic pain / Disability / Flail chest / Rib fractures
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19. Love JC, Derrick SM, Wiersema JM, Pinto DC, Greeley C, Donaruma-Kwoh M, Bista B: Novel classification system of rib fractures observed in infants. J Forensic Sci; 2013 Mar;58(2):330-5
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  • [Source] The source of this record is MEDLINE®, a database of the U.S. National Library of Medicine.
  • [Title] Novel classification system of rib fractures observed in infants.
  • Rib fractures are considered highly suspicious for nonaccidental injury in the pediatric clinical literature; however, a rib fracture classification system has not been developed.
  • As an aid and impetus for rib fracture research, we developed a concise schema for classifying rib fracture types and fracture location that is applicable to infants.
  • The system defined four fracture types (sternal end, buckle, transverse, and oblique) and four regions of the rib (posterior, posterolateral, anterolateral, and anterior).
  • It was applied to all rib fractures observed during 85 consecutive infant autopsies.
  • Rib fractures were found in 24 (28%) of the cases.
  • A total of 158 rib fractures were identified.
  • The proposed schema was adequate to classify 153 (97%) of the observed fractures.
  • The results indicate that the classification system is sufficiently robust to classify rib fractures typically observed in infants and should be used by researchers investigating infant rib fractures.

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  • [Copyright] © 2013 American Academy of Forensic Sciences.
  • (PMID = 23406328.001).
  • [ISSN] 1556-4029
  • [Journal-full-title] Journal of forensic sciences
  • [ISO-abbreviation] J. Forensic Sci.
  • [Language] eng
  • [Publication-type] Journal Article; Research Support, Non-U.S. Gov't
  • [Publication-country] United States
  • [Keywords] NOTNLM ; child abuse / forensic anthropology / forensic pathology / forensic science / infants / rib fractures
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20. Turk F, Kurt AB, Saglam S: Evaluation by ultrasound of traumatic rib fractures missed by radiography. Emerg Radiol; 2010 Nov;17(6):473-7
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  • [Title] Evaluation by ultrasound of traumatic rib fractures missed by radiography.
  • Rib fractures are the most common (25%) injuries resulting from blunt chest trauma, and are usually revealed on radiographs.
  • Radiography sometimes cannot show fractures, especially those in costal cartilages, except for densely calcified ones.
  • Several authors have recently investigated the role of ultrasound in the detection of rib fractures.
  • We conducted this study to investigate possible rib fractures with ultrasound, determine those overlooked on chest x-ray, and analyze the possible clinical predictors of these insidious rib fractures in minor or mild blunt chest trauma.
  • All radiographs were reviewed by two radiologists who noted rib fractures or other complications.
  • The costal cartilage normally appears relatively hypoechoic compared with the osseous rib.
  • Fractures of the rib, costochondral junction, and costal cartilage were denoted by a clear disruption of the anterior echogenic margin.
  • None of the rib fractures were identified radiographically.
  • Sonography detected 26 rib fractures in 18 of 20 subjects at presentation.
  • Sonography reveals more fractures than radiography and will reveal fractures in most patients presenting with suspected rib fracture.
  • [MeSH-major] Rib Fractures / ultrasonography. Wounds, Nonpenetrating / ultrasonography

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  • (PMID = 20652719.001).
  • [ISSN] 1438-1435
  • [Journal-full-title] Emergency radiology
  • [ISO-abbreviation] Emerg Radiol
  • [Language] eng
  • [Publication-type] Journal Article
  • [Publication-country] United States
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21. Reyes JA, Somers GR, Taylor GP, Chiasson DA: Increased incidence of CPR-related rib fractures in infants--is it related to changes in CPR technique? Resuscitation; 2011 May;82(5):545-8
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  • [Source] The source of this record is MEDLINE®, a database of the U.S. National Library of Medicine.
  • [Title] Increased incidence of CPR-related rib fractures in infants--is it related to changes in CPR technique?
  • OBJECTIVE: A recent increase in the number of infants presenting at autopsy with rib fractures associated with cardio-pulmonary resuscitation (CPR) precipitated a study to determine whether such a phenomenon was related to recent revision of paediatric resuscitation guidelines.
  • RESULTS: Analysis of the study population revealed CPR-related rib fractures in 19 infants (3.3%), 14 of whom died in the 2006-2008 period.
  • The difference in annual frequency of CPR-related fractures between the periods before and after revision of paediatric CPR guidelines was statistically highly significant.
  • CONCLUSIONS: The findings indicate that CPR-associated rib fractures have become more frequent in infants since changes in CPR techniques were introduced in 2005.
  • This has important implications for both clinicians and pathologists in their assessment of rib fractures in this patient population.
  • [MeSH-major] Cardiopulmonary Resuscitation / methods. Heart Arrest / therapy. Rib Fractures / epidemiology

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  • [Copyright] Crown Copyright © 2011. Published by Elsevier Ireland Ltd. All rights reserved.
  • [CommentIn] Resuscitation. 2012 Apr;83(4):e109; author reply e111 [22269097.001]
  • [CommentIn] Resuscitation. 2011 Oct;82(10):1362 [21782313.001]
  • (PMID = 21353734.001).
  • [ISSN] 1873-1570
  • [Journal-full-title] Resuscitation
  • [ISO-abbreviation] Resuscitation
  • [Language] eng
  • [Publication-type] Comparative Study; Journal Article; Research Support, Non-U.S. Gov't
  • [Publication-country] Ireland
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22. Moreno De La Santa Barajas P, Polo Otero MD, Delgado Sánchez-Gracián C, Lozano Gómez M, Toscano Novella A, Calatayud Moscoso Del Prado J, Leal Ruiloba S, Choren Durán ML: [Surgical fixation of rib fractures with clips and titanium bars (STRATOS System). Preliminary experience]. Cir Esp; 2010 Sep;88(3):180-6
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  • [Source] The source of this record is MEDLINE®, a database of the U.S. National Library of Medicine.
  • [Title] [Surgical fixation of rib fractures with clips and titanium bars (STRATOS System). Preliminary experience].
  • [Transliterated title] Fijación quirúrgica de las fracturas costales con grapas y barras de titanio (sistema STRATOS). Experiencia preliminar.
  • INTRODUCTION: Rib fractures are very common in closed chest injuries.
  • The purpose of this study is to assess the usefulness of titanium rib bars and clips in stabilising rib fractures.
  • MATERIAL AND METHODS: Twenty-two patients with rib fractures were treated with open reduction and internal fixation between 2008 and 2009.
  • 1) Patients with unstable chest (13 patients), 2) Patients with pain or instability due to rib fractures (6 patients), and 3) Significant traumatic deformities of the chest wall (3 patients).
  • CONCLUSIONS: Open reduction with internal fixation of rib fractures is a good alternative.
  • The use of titanium rib bars and clips give good clinical results, are easy to apply and have few complications.
  • [MeSH-major] Fracture Fixation, Internal. Rib Fractures / surgery

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  • [Copyright] Copyright © 2010 AEC. Published by Elsevier Espana. All rights reserved.
  • [CommentIn] Cir Esp. 2011 Oct;89(8):558-9; author reply 559 [21724181.001]
  • (PMID = 20638653.001).
  • [ISSN] 1578-147X
  • [Journal-full-title] Cirugía española
  • [ISO-abbreviation] Cir Esp
  • [Language] spa
  • [Publication-type] Clinical Trial; English Abstract; Journal Article
  • [Publication-country] Spain
  • [Chemical-registry-number] D1JT611TNE / Titanium
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23. Schulze C, Hoppe H, Schweitzer W, Schwendener N, Grabherr S, Jackowski C: Rib fractures at postmortem computed tomography (PMCT) validated against the autopsy. Forensic Sci Int; 2013 Dec 10;233(1-3):90-8
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  • [Source] The source of this record is MEDLINE®, a database of the U.S. National Library of Medicine.
  • [Title] Rib fractures at postmortem computed tomography (PMCT) validated against the autopsy.
  • To evaluate the sensitivity of postmortem computed tomography (PMCT) in rib fracture detection validated against autopsy.
  • Two image readers (radiologist and forensic pathologist) assessed high resolution CT data sets for rib fractures.
  • Correct recognition rates (CRR), sensitivity and specificity values were calculated over all observations as well as individually for every rib and region.
  • Additionally, for partial rib fractures the sensitivity of autopsy was calculated vice versa.
  • A total of 690 fractures (autopsy), 491 (PMCT and radiologist) and 559 (PMCT and forensic pathologist) were detected.
  • Sensitivity and specificity of PMCT for rib fracture detection were 0.63 (0.58 radiologist, 0.68 forensic pathologist) and 0.97 (both readers 0.97), respectively.
  • Low CRR and sensitivity values were obtained for antero-lateral fractures.
  • Partial rib fractures were better detected by PMCT.
  • PMCT has a rather low sensitivity for rib fracture detection when validated against autopsy and indicates that clinical CT may also demonstrate a reasonable number of false negatives.
  • Partial rib fractures often remain undetected at autopsy.
  • [MeSH-major] Autopsy. Multidetector Computed Tomography. Rib Fractures / pathology. Rib Fractures / radiography

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  • [Copyright] Copyright © 2013 Elsevier Ireland Ltd. All rights reserved.
  • (PMID = 24314506.001).
  • [ISSN] 1872-6283
  • [Journal-full-title] Forensic science international
  • [ISO-abbreviation] Forensic Sci. Int.
  • [Language] eng
  • [Publication-type] Journal Article; Validation Studies
  • [Publication-country] Ireland
  • [Keywords] NOTNLM ; Forensic radiology / Postmortem CT / Rib fracture
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24. Brown SD, Walters MR: Patients with rib fractures: use of incentive spirometry volumes to guide care. J Trauma Nurs; 2012 Apr-Jun;19(2):89-91; quiz 92-3
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  • [Source] The source of this record is MEDLINE®, a database of the U.S. National Library of Medicine.
  • [Title] Patients with rib fractures: use of incentive spirometry volumes to guide care.
  • Rib fractures pose significant risk to trauma patients.
  • This article provides trauma nurses with the rationale for documenting and tracking incentive spirometry volumes to improve outcomes for patients with rib fractures.
  • [MeSH-major] Respiratory Therapy / nursing. Rib Fractures / nursing. Rib Fractures / therapy. Spirometry / methods. Spirometry / nursing

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  • (PMID = 22673074.001).
  • [ISSN] 1078-7496
  • [Journal-full-title] Journal of trauma nursing : the official journal of the Society of Trauma Nurses
  • [ISO-abbreviation] J Trauma Nurs
  • [Language] eng
  • [Publication-type] Journal Article; Review
  • [Publication-country] United States
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25. Fabricant L, Ham B, Mullins R, Mayberry J: Prolonged pain and disability are common after rib fractures. Am J Surg; 2013 May;205(5):511-5; discusssion 515-6
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  • [Title] Prolonged pain and disability are common after rib fractures.
  • BACKGROUND: The contribution of rib fractures to prolonged pain and disability may be underappreciated and undertreated.
  • Clinicians are traditionally taught that the pain and disability of rib fractures resolves in 6 to 8 weeks.
  • METHODS: This study was a prospective observation of 203 patients with rib fractures at a level 1 trauma center.
  • RESULTS: One hundred forty-five male patients and 58 female patients with a mean injury severity score (ISS) of 20 (range, 1 to 59) had a mean of 5.4 rib fractures (range, 1 to 29).
  • Forty-four (22%) patients had bilateral fractures, 15 (7%) had flail chest, and 92 (45%) had associated injury.
  • Among 111 patients with isolated rib fractures, 67 (64%) had prolonged chest wall pain and 69 (66%) had prolonged disability.
  • CONCLUSIONS: Prolonged chest wall pain is common, and the contribution of rib fractures to disability is greater than traditionally expected.
  • Further investigation into more effective therapies that prevent prolonged pain and disability after rib fractures is needed.
  • [MeSH-major] Convalescence. Musculoskeletal Pain / etiology. Recovery of Function. Return to Work. Rib Fractures / complications

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  • [Copyright] Copyright © 2013 Elsevier Inc. All rights reserved.
  • (PMID = 23592156.001).
  • [ISSN] 1879-1883
  • [Journal-full-title] American journal of surgery
  • [ISO-abbreviation] Am. J. Surg.
  • [Language] eng
  • [Publication-type] Journal Article; Research Support, Non-U.S. Gov't
  • [Publication-country] United States
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26. Alexander ES, Hankins CA, Machan JT, Healey TT, Dupuy DE: Rib fractures after percutaneous radiofrequency and microwave ablation of lung tumors: incidence and relevance. Radiology; 2013 Mar;266(3):971-8
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  • [Title] Rib fractures after percutaneous radiofrequency and microwave ablation of lung tumors: incidence and relevance.
  • PURPOSE: To retrospectively identify the incidence and probable risk factors for rib fractures after percutaneous radiofrequency ablation (RFA) and microwave ablation (MWA) of neoplasms in the lung and to identify complications related to these fractures.
  • Follow-up computed tomographic images of at least 3 months were retrospectively reviewed by board-certified radiologists to determine the presence of rib fractures.
  • Generalized estimating equations were performed to assess the effect that patient demographics, tumor characteristics, treatment parameters, and ablation zone characteristics had on development of rib fractures.
  • Kaplan-Meier curve was used to estimate patients' probability of rib fracture after ablation as a function of time.
  • Clinical parameters (ie, pain in ribs or chest, organ damage caused by fractured rib) were evaluated for patients with confirmed fracture.
  • RESULTS: Rib fractures in proximity to the ablation zone were found in 13.5% (22 of 163) of patients.
  • Estimated probability of fracture was 9% at 1 year and 22% at 3 years.
  • Women were more likely than were men to develop fracture after ablation (P = .041).
  • Patients with tumors closer to the chest wall were more likely to develop fracture (P = .0009), as were patients with ablation zones that involved visceral pleura (P = .039).
  • No patients with rib fractures that were apparently induced by RFA and MWA had organ injury or damage related to fracture, and 9.1% (2 of 22) of patients reported mild pain.
  • CONCLUSION: Rib fractures were present in 13.5% of patients after percutaneous RFA and MWA of lung neoplasms.
  • Patients who had ablations performed close to the chest wall should be monitored for rib fractures.
  • [MeSH-major] Catheter Ablation / statistics & numerical data. Diathermy / statistics & numerical data. Lung Neoplasms / epidemiology. Lung Neoplasms / surgery. Postoperative Complications / epidemiology. Rib Fractures / epidemiology


27. Khosla A, Ocel J, Rad AE, Kallmes DF: Correlating first- and second-rib fractures noted on spine computed tomography with major vessel injury. Emerg Radiol; 2010 Nov;17(6):461-4
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  • [Title] Correlating first- and second-rib fractures noted on spine computed tomography with major vessel injury.
  • First- and second-rib fractures diagnosed on plain radiographs have been associated with traumatic aortic injury.
  • We examined whether such fractures diagnosed on computed tomography (CT), which is of greater sensitivity than plain radiograms for rib fractures, are associated with traumatic vascular injury.
  • The patients were divided into two groups: patients with first- and/or second-rib fractures and those without.
  • Information regarding displacement of the fracture, location of the fracture, detection upon plain film, and gender of the patients was also evaluated and correlated with incidence of major vessel injury.
  • Incidence of major vessel injury was similar between patients with and without first- and/or second-rib fractures (7% vs. 9%, respectively; p = 0.59).
  • No subset of type of rib fracture was associated with greater incidence of aortic injury.
  • First- and second-fractures are not associated with greater incidence of aortic injury.
  • Thus, the previous axiom that first- and second-rib fractures should result in increased examination for aortic injury may not hold true.
  • [MeSH-major] Aorta, Thoracic / injuries. Rib Fractures / radiography. Tomography, X-Ray Computed. Vascular System Injuries / radiography. Wounds, Nonpenetrating / radiography


28. Lucas-Herald A, Butler S, Mactier H, McDevitt H, Young D, Ahmed SF: Prevalence and characteristics of rib fractures in ex-preterm infants. Pediatrics; 2012 Dec;130(6):1116-9
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  • [Source] The source of this record is MEDLINE®, a database of the U.S. National Library of Medicine.
  • [Title] Prevalence and characteristics of rib fractures in ex-preterm infants.
  • OBJECTIVES: This study aimed to identify the prevalence and characteristics of rib fractures in ex-preterm infants.
  • Chest radiograph reports were then reviewed for evidence of rib fractures, and the case notes of all affected individuals were scrutinized.
  • Of these infants, 26 (1.8%) were identified as having a total of 62 rib fractures.
  • Of the 62 fractures, 27 (36%) were sited posteriorly, and 15 (53%) of the infants with posterior rib fractures were diagnosed with osteopathy of prematurity.
  • CONCLUSIONS: Evidence of rib fractures is present in ~2% of ex-preterm infants.
  • The evaluation of these fractures in infancy requires a detailed neonatal history irrespective of the site of rib fracture.
  • [MeSH-major] Bone Diseases, Metabolic / epidemiology. Infant, Premature, Diseases / epidemiology. Rib Fractures / epidemiology
  • [MeSH-minor] Bone Density. Child Abuse / diagnosis. Child Abuse / statistics & numerical data. Cross-Sectional Studies. Diagnosis, Differential. Female. Gestational Age. Humans. Incidence. Infant, Newborn. Intensive Care Units, Neonatal. Male. Mass Screening. Risk Factors. Scotland


29. Pulley BR, Taylor BC, Fowler TT, Dominguez N, Trinh TQ: Utility of three-dimensional computed tomography for the surgical management of rib fractures. J Trauma Acute Care Surg; 2015 Mar;78(3):530-4
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  • [Title] Utility of three-dimensional computed tomography for the surgical management of rib fractures.
  • The use of two-dimensional (2D) computed tomography (CT) has become almost universal in the assessment of blunt chest trauma and multiple rib fractures.
  • We hypothesized that three-dimensional (3D) CT adds valuable information to the preoperative plan for fixation of rib fractures.
  • METHODS: Using a retrospective cohort of 35 consecutive adult patients with flail chest requiring surgery, we evaluated the intraobserver and interobserver reliability of plain radiographs, 2D CT and 3D CT, for the identification of rib fractures and identified how often the surgical plan changed with the addition of the information provided by the 3D CT.
  • Two fellowship-trained orthopedic trauma surgeons who regularly operate on rib fractures in their clinical practice and were not involved in the treatment of the study population evaluated the radiographic data.
  • Overall, 2D CT had the highest diagnostic accuracy for detecting rib fractures as compared with plain radiographs and 3D CT.
  • CONCLUSION: We conclude that 3D CT is not as accurate as 2D CT for rib fracture diagnostic purposes; it seems to be an important tool for the preoperative planning of rib fracture fixation.

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  • (PMID = 25710423.001).
  • [ISSN] 2163-0763
  • [Journal-full-title] The journal of trauma and acute care surgery
  • [ISO-abbreviation] J Trauma Acute Care Surg
  • [Language] eng
  • [Publication-type] Journal Article
  • [Publication-country] United States
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30. Bottlang M, Helzel I, Long WB, Madey S: Anatomically contoured plates for fixation of rib fractures. J Trauma; 2010 Mar;68(3):611-5
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  • [Source] The source of this record is MEDLINE®, a database of the U.S. National Library of Medicine.
  • [Title] Anatomically contoured plates for fixation of rib fractures.
  • This study implemented for the first time biometric parameters to derive anatomically contoured rib plates.
  • These plates were tested on a range of cadaveric ribs to quantify plate fit and to extract a best-fit plating configuration.
  • METHODS: : Three left and three right rib plates were designed, which accounted for anatomic parameters required when conforming a plate to the rib surface.
  • The length lP over which each plate could trace the rib surface was evaluated on 109 cadaveric ribs.
  • For each rib level 3-9, the plate design with the highest lP value was extracted to determine a best-fit plating configuration.
  • Furthermore, the characteristic twist of rib surfaces was measured on 49 ribs to determine the surface congruency of anatomic plates with a constant twist.
  • RESULTS: : The tracing length lP of the best-fit plating configuration ranged from 12.5 cm to 14.7 cm for ribs 3-9.
  • The average twist of ribs over 8-cm, 12-cm, and 16-cm segments was 8.3 degrees, 20.6 degrees, and 32.7 degrees, respectively.
  • The constant twist of anatomic rib plates was not significantly different from the average rib twist.
  • CONCLUSIONS: : A small set of anatomic rib plates can minimize the need for intraoperative plate contouring for fixation of ribs 3-9.
  • Anatomic rib plates can therefore reduce the time and complexity of flail chest stabilization and facilitate spanning of flail segments with long plates.
  • [MeSH-major] Bone Plates. Flail Chest / surgery. Fracture Fixation, Internal / instrumentation. Prosthesis Design. Rib Fractures / surgery

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  • (PMID = 19935113.001).
  • [ISSN] 1529-8809
  • [Journal-full-title] The Journal of trauma
  • [ISO-abbreviation] J Trauma
  • [Language] eng
  • [Publication-type] Journal Article; Research Support, Non-U.S. Gov't
  • [Publication-country] United States
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31. Girsowicz E, Falcoz PE, Santelmo N, Massard G: Does surgical stabilization improve outcomes in patients with isolated multiple distracted and painful non-flail rib fractures? Interact Cardiovasc Thorac Surg; 2012 Mar;14(3):312-5
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  • [Source] The source of this record is MEDLINE®, a database of the U.S. National Library of Medicine.
  • [Title] Does surgical stabilization improve outcomes in patients with isolated multiple distracted and painful non-flail rib fractures?
  • The question addressed was whether surgical stabilization is effective in improving the outcomes of patients with isolated multiple distracted and painful non-flail rib fractures.
  • We conclude that, on the whole, the nine retrieved studies clearly support the use of surgical stabilization in the management of isolated multiple non-flail and painful rib fractures for improving patient outcomes.
  • Hence, the current evidence shows surgical stabilization to be safe and effective in alleviating post-operative pain and in improving patient recovery, thus enhancing the outcome after isolated multiple rib fractures.
  • [MeSH-major] Accidents, Traffic. Fracture Fixation / methods. Multiple Trauma. Rib Fractures / surgery
  • [MeSH-minor] Follow-Up Studies. Fracture Healing. Humans. Male. Middle Aged. Pain Measurement. Radiography, Thoracic

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  • [Cites] J Trauma. 2000 Feb;48(2):319-21 [10697096.001]
  • [Cites] J Trauma. 2002 Apr;52(4):727-32; discussion 732 [11956391.001]
  • [Cites] J Trauma. 2003 Jun;54(6):1058-63; discussion 1063-4 [12813323.001]
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  • [Cites] Am Surg. 2007 Jun;73(6):591-6; discussion 596-7 [17658097.001]
  • (PMID = 22190569.001).
  • [ISSN] 1569-9285
  • [Journal-full-title] Interactive cardiovascular and thoracic surgery
  • [ISO-abbreviation] Interact Cardiovasc Thorac Surg
  • [Language] eng
  • [Publication-type] Case Reports; Journal Article
  • [Publication-country] England
  • [Other-IDs] NLM/ PMC3290374
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32. Truitt MS, Murry J, Amos J, Lorenzo M, Mangram A, Dunn E, Moore EE: Continuous intercostal nerve blockade for rib fractures: ready for primetime? J Trauma; 2011 Dec;71(6):1548-52; discussion 1552
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  • [Source] The source of this record is MEDLINE®, a database of the U.S. National Library of Medicine.
  • [Title] Continuous intercostal nerve blockade for rib fractures: ready for primetime?
  • BACKGROUND: Providing analgesia for patients with rib fractures continues to be a management challenge.
  • METHODS: Consecutive adult blunt trauma patients with three or more unilateral rib fractures were prospectively studied over 24 months.
  • Mean age was 69 (21-96) years, mean injury severity score was 14 (9-16), and the mean number of rib fractures was 5.8 (3-10).
  • CONCLUSION: Utilization of CINB significantly improved pulmonary function, pain control, and shortens LOS in patients with rib fractures.
  • [MeSH-major] Intercostal Nerves / drug effects. Nerve Block / methods. Rib Fractures / radiography. Rib Fractures / therapy
  • [MeSH-minor] Adult. Aged. Aged, 80 and over. Amides / therapeutic use. Anesthetics, Local / therapeutic use. Female. Flail Chest / radiography. Flail Chest / therapy. Follow-Up Studies. Humans. Injury Severity Score. Male. Middle Aged. Multiple Trauma / diagnosis. Multiple Trauma / therapy. Pain Management / methods. Pain Measurement. Prospective Studies. Thoracic Injuries / diagnosis. Thoracic Injuries / therapy. Time Factors. Trauma Centers. Treatment Outcome. Urban Population. Wounds, Nonpenetrating / diagnosis. Wounds, Nonpenetrating / therapy. Young Adult

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  • [CommentIn] J Trauma Acute Care Surg. 2012 Jul;73(1):293-4; author reply 294 [22743402.001]
  • (PMID = 22182865.001).
  • [ISSN] 1529-8809
  • [Journal-full-title] The Journal of trauma
  • [ISO-abbreviation] J Trauma
  • [Language] eng
  • [Publication-type] Controlled Clinical Trial; Journal Article
  • [Publication-country] United States
  • [Chemical-registry-number] 0 / Amides; 0 / Anesthetics, Local; 7IO5LYA57N / ropivacaine
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33. Igai H, Kamiyoshihara M, Nagashima T, Ohtaki Y: Rib fixation for severe chest deformity due to multiple rib fractures. Ann Thorac Cardiovasc Surg; 2012;18(5):458-61
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  • [Source] The source of this record is MEDLINE®, a database of the U.S. National Library of Medicine.
  • [Title] Rib fixation for severe chest deformity due to multiple rib fractures.
  • The operative indications for rib fracture repair have been a matter of debate.
  • However, several reports have suggested that flail chest, pain on respiration, and chest deformity/defect are potential conditions for rib fracture repair.
  • We describe our experience of rib fixation in a patient with severe chest deformity due to multiple rib fractures.
  • A 70-year-old woman was admitted with right-sided multiple rib fractures (2nd to 7th) and marked chest wall deformity without flailing caused by an automobile accident.
  • Operative findings revealed marked displacement of the superior 4 ribs, from the 2nd to the 5th, and collapse of the osseous chest wall towards the thoracic cavity.
  • After exposure of the fracture regions, ribs fixations were performed using rib staplers.
  • [MeSH-major] Fracture Fixation, Internal / instrumentation. Multiple Trauma / surgery. Rib Fractures / surgery. Wounds, Nonpenetrating / surgery

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  • (PMID = 22374073.001).
  • [ISSN] 2186-1005
  • [Journal-full-title] Annals of thoracic and cardiovascular surgery : official journal of the Association of Thoracic and Cardiovascular Surgeons of Asia
  • [ISO-abbreviation] Ann Thorac Cardiovasc Surg
  • [Language] eng
  • [Publication-type] Case Reports; Journal Article
  • [Publication-country] Japan
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34. Marasco S, Lee G, Summerhayes R, Fitzgerald M, Bailey M: Quality of life after major trauma with multiple rib fractures. Injury; 2015 Jan;46(1):61-5
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  • [Source] The source of this record is MEDLINE®, a database of the U.S. National Library of Medicine.
  • [Title] Quality of life after major trauma with multiple rib fractures.
  • INTRODUCTION: Rib fractures are a common injury presenting to major trauma centres and community hospitals.
  • Aside from the acute impact of rib fracture injury, longer-term morbidity of pain, disability and deformity have been described.
  • Despite this, the mainstay of management for the vast majority of rib fracture injuries remains supportive only with analgesia and where required respiratory support.
  • This study aimed to document the long-term quality of life in a cohort of major trauma patients with rib fracture injury over 24 months.
  • METHODS: Retrospective review (July 2006-July 2011) of 397 major trauma patients admitted to The Alfred Hospital with rib fractures and not treated with operative rib fixation.
  • RESULTS: Assessment over 24 months of major trauma patients with multiple rib fractures demonstrated significantly lower quality of life compared with published Australian norms at all time points measured.
  • CONCLUSIONS: This study demonstrates a significant reduction in quality of life for rib fracture patients requiring admission to hospital, which does not return to the level of Australian norms for at least two years.

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  • [Copyright] Crown Copyright © 2014. Published by Elsevier Ltd. All rights reserved.
  • (PMID = 25069400.001).
  • [ISSN] 1879-0267
  • [Journal-full-title] Injury
  • [ISO-abbreviation] Injury
  • [Language] eng
  • [Publication-type] Journal Article; Research Support, Non-U.S. Gov't
  • [Publication-country] Netherlands
  • [Keywords] NOTNLM ; Flail chest / Quality of life / Rib fracture
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35. Majercik S, Cannon Q, Granger SR, VanBoerum DH, White TW: Long-term patient outcomes after surgical stabilization of rib fractures. Am J Surg; 2014 Jul;208(1):88-92
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  • [Source] The source of this record is MEDLINE®, a database of the U.S. National Library of Medicine.
  • [Title] Long-term patient outcomes after surgical stabilization of rib fractures.
  • BACKGROUND: Rib fractures are common, and can be disabling.
  • Recently, there has been increased interest in surgical stabilization of rib fractures (SSRF).
  • Indications for SSRF included flail chest, displaced fractures, pain, and inability to wean from mechanical ventilation.
  • A prospective study using modern rib fixation technology is needed to further define benefits.
  • [MeSH-major] Fracture Fixation, Internal. Rib Fractures / surgery

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  • [Copyright] Copyright © 2014 Elsevier Inc. All rights reserved.
  • (PMID = 24507379.001).
  • [ISSN] 1879-1883
  • [Journal-full-title] American journal of surgery
  • [ISO-abbreviation] Am. J. Surg.
  • [Language] eng
  • [Publication-type] Evaluation Studies; Journal Article
  • [Publication-country] United States
  • [Keywords] NOTNLM ; Chest trauma / Flail chest / Outcomes / Rib fracture / Surgical stabilization of rib fractures
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36. Agrifoglio M, Zoli S, Gennari M, Annoni A, Polvani G: Expanding extrapleural hematoma from rib fractures after cardiac surgery. Asian Cardiovasc Thorac Ann; 2013 Jun;21(3):366-8
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  • [Source] The source of this record is MEDLINE®, a database of the U.S. National Library of Medicine.
  • [Title] Expanding extrapleural hematoma from rib fractures after cardiac surgery.
  • A chest computed tomography showed a huge extrapleural hematoma caused by rib fractures.
  • [MeSH-major] Aortic Aneurysm / surgery. Blood Vessel Prosthesis Implantation / adverse effects. Coronary Artery Bypass / adverse effects. Coronary Artery Disease / surgery. Hematoma / etiology. Rib Fractures / etiology


37. Skedros JG, Mears CS, Langston TD, Van Boerum DH, White TW: Medial scapular winging associated with rib fractures and plating corrected with pectoralis major transfer. Int J Surg Case Rep; 2014;5(10):750-3
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  • [Source] The source of this record is MEDLINE®, a database of the U.S. National Library of Medicine.
  • [Title] Medial scapular winging associated with rib fractures and plating corrected with pectoralis major transfer.
  • INTRODUCTION: Rib plating is becoming increasingly common as a method for stabilizing a flail chest resulting from multiple rib fractures.
  • PRESENTATION OF CASE: We report an interesting case of a 58-year-old male patient that worked as a long-distance truck driver and had a flail chest from multiple bilateral rib fractures that occurred when his vehicle was blown over in a wind storm.
  • He underwent open reduction with internal fixation (ORIF) of the bilateral rib fractures and they successfully healed.
  • DISCUSSION: We report this case to alert surgeons who perform rib fracture ORIF that long thoracic nerve injury is a potential iatrogenic complication of that procedure or might be a result of the chest wall trauma.
  • CONCLUSION: Although the specific cause of the long thoracic nerve injury could not be determined in our patient, it was associated with chest wall trauma in the setting of rib fracture ORIF.

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  • [Copyright] Copyright © 2014 The Authors. Published by Elsevier Ltd.. All rights reserved.
  • (PMID = 25238337.001).
  • [ISSN] 2210-2612
  • [Journal-full-title] International journal of surgery case reports
  • [ISO-abbreviation] Int J Surg Case Rep
  • [Language] eng
  • [Publication-type] Journal Article
  • [Publication-country] Netherlands
  • [Other-IDs] NLM/ PMC4189053
  • [Keywords] NOTNLM ; Medial / Pectoralis major transfer / Rib fractures / Rib plating / Scapular / Winging
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38. Okutani D, Moriyama S, Ootsuka T, Niman E, Kashima H, Kuroda M, Yoshitomi S, Yamano T, Takagi S, Ikeda E, Hirai R, Tsuji H: [Assessment of traumatic rib fractures caused by traffic accident]. Kyobu Geka; 2014 May;67(5):362-5
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  • [Source] The source of this record is MEDLINE®, a database of the U.S. National Library of Medicine.
  • [Title] [Assessment of traumatic rib fractures caused by traffic accident].
  • We reviewed 66 cases of traumatic rib fracture by traffic accident between January 2009 and December 2011.
  • The average number of fractured ribs was 4.1±3.2.Multiple rib fractures were observed in 75.8% of patients.
  • Injuries other than rib fractures were involved in all patients who suffered over 7 rib fractures.
  • About 80 % of the patients with rib fractures were hospitalized.
  • As traffic accidents could cause any type of injuries including rib fractures, it is important to examine the whole body when patients were transported to a hospital.
  • [MeSH-major] Abdominal Injuries / complications. Accidents, Traffic. Rib Fractures / diagnosis. Thoracic Injuries / complications

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  • (PMID = 24917279.001).
  • [ISSN] 0021-5252
  • [Journal-full-title] Kyobu geka. The Japanese journal of thoracic surgery
  • [ISO-abbreviation] Kyobu Geka
  • [Language] jpn
  • [Publication-type] English Abstract; Journal Article
  • [Publication-country] Japan
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39. Kim J, Kim S, Kim YJ, Kim KG, Park J: Quantitative measurement method for possible rib fractures in chest radiographs. Healthc Inform Res; 2013 Sep;19(3):196-204
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  • [Source] The source of this record is MEDLINE®, a database of the U.S. National Library of Medicine.
  • [Title] Quantitative measurement method for possible rib fractures in chest radiographs.
  • OBJECTIVES: This paper proposes a measurement method to quantify the abnormal characteristics of the broken parts of ribs using local texture and shape features in chest radiographs.
  • METHODS: OUR MEASUREMENT METHOD COMPRISES TWO STEPS: a measurement area assignment and sampling step using a spline curve and sampling lines orthogonal to the spline curve, and a fracture-ness measurement step with three measures, asymmetry and gray-level co-occurrence matrix based measures (contrast and homogeneity).
  • They were designed to quantify the regional shape and texture features of ribs along the centerline.
  • The discriminating ability of our method was evaluated through region of interest (ROI) analysis and rib fracture classification test using support vector machine.
  • RESULTS: The statistically significant difference was found between the measured values from fracture and normal ROIs; asymmetry (p < 0.0001), contrast (p < 0.001), and homogeneity (p = 0.022).
  • The rib fracture classifier, trained with the measured values in ROI analysis, detected every rib fracture from chest radiographs used for ROI analysis, but it also classified some unbroken parts of ribs as abnormal parts (8 to 17 line sets; length of each line set, 2.998 ± 2.652 mm; length of centerlines, 131.067 ± 29.460 mm).
  • CONCLUSIONS: Our measurement method, which includes a flexible measurement technique for the curved shape of ribs and the proposed shape and texture measures, could discriminate the suspicious regions of ribs for possible rib fractures in chest radiographs.

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  • (PMID = 24175118.001).
  • [ISSN] 2093-3681
  • [Journal-full-title] Healthcare informatics research
  • [ISO-abbreviation] Healthc Inform Res
  • [Language] eng
  • [Publication-type] Journal Article
  • [Publication-country] Korea (South)
  • [Other-IDs] NLM/ PMC3810527
  • [Keywords] NOTNLM ; Computer-Aided Radiographic Image Interpretation / Decision Support Techniques / Image Processing / Radiography / Rib Fractures
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40. Lee HJ, Je JH, Seo JH, Na YJ, Yoo HJ: Mutiple Spontaneous Rib Fractures in Patient with Cushing's Syndrome. J Bone Metab; 2014 Nov;21(4):277-82
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  • [Source] The source of this record is MEDLINE®, a database of the U.S. National Library of Medicine.
  • [Title] Mutiple Spontaneous Rib Fractures in Patient with Cushing's Syndrome.
  • Thirty to fifty percent of Cushing's syndrome patients experience non-traumatic fractures, which is often the presenting manifestation of Cushing's syndrome.
  • We describe a case of Cushing's syndrome that was diagnosed in a 44-year-old woman who initially visited our hospital due to multiple non-traumatic rib fractures.
  • Therefore, the possibility of Cushing's syndrome as a cause of secondary osteoporosis should be considered in young patients with non-traumatic multiple fractures, with or without any other typical features of Cushing's syndrome.

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  • (PMID = 25489577.001).
  • [ISSN] 2287-6375
  • [Journal-full-title] Journal of bone metabolism
  • [ISO-abbreviation] J Bone Metab
  • [Language] eng
  • [Publication-type] Journal Article
  • [Publication-country] Korea (South)
  • [Other-IDs] NLM/ PMC4255049
  • [Keywords] NOTNLM ; Cushing syndrome / Fractures spontaneous / Osteoporosis
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41. Melville JD, Lukefahr JL, Clarke EA: First rib fractures in abused infants: a report of three cases. Clin Pediatr (Phila); 2012 May;51(5):426-30
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  • [Source] The source of this record is MEDLINE®, a database of the U.S. National Library of Medicine.
  • [Title] First rib fractures in abused infants: a report of three cases.
  • The authors describe 4 first rib fractures in 3 infants, highlighting the difficulty in detecting first rib fractures on skeletal survey.
  • All 4 fractures were the result of physical abuse.
  • A literature search does not find a case of first rib fracture in a healthy infant that is not the result of child abuse.
  • The diagnosis of first rib fracture in an infant should prompt a thorough medical and social evaluation for child abuse.
  • [MeSH-major] Child Abuse / diagnosis. Rib Fractures / diagnosis
  • [MeSH-minor] Delayed Diagnosis. Humans. Infant. Male

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  • (PMID = 22157420.001).
  • [ISSN] 1938-2707
  • [Journal-full-title] Clinical pediatrics
  • [ISO-abbreviation] Clin Pediatr (Phila)
  • [Language] eng
  • [Publication-type] Case Reports; Journal Article
  • [Publication-country] United States
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42. Wilson PM, Greiner MV, Duma EM: Posterior rib fractures in a young infant who received chiropractic care. Pediatrics; 2012 Nov;130(5):e1359-62
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  • [Source] The source of this record is MEDLINE®, a database of the U.S. National Library of Medicine.
  • [Title] Posterior rib fractures in a young infant who received chiropractic care.
  • We report on a 21-day-old infant with healing posterior rib fractures that were noted after a chiropractic visit for colic.
  • Rib fractures, specifically when posterior, are traditionally considered to be secondary to nonaccidental trauma.
  • Thorough investigation is necessary to rule out bone fragility and genetic disorders, but patient history is key when evaluating unexplained fractures.
  • [MeSH-major] Manipulation, Chiropractic / adverse effects. Rib Fractures / etiology

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  • (PMID = 23027167.001).
  • [ISSN] 1098-4275
  • [Journal-full-title] Pediatrics
  • [ISO-abbreviation] Pediatrics
  • [Language] eng
  • [Publication-type] Case Reports; Journal Article
  • [Publication-country] United States
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43. Kim YJ, Cho HM, Yoon CS, Lee CK, Lee TY, Seok JP: Thoracic Epidural Anesthesia and Analgesia (TEA) in Patients with Rib Fractures. Korean J Thorac Cardiovasc Surg; 2011 Apr;44(2):178-82
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  • [Source] The source of this record is MEDLINE®, a database of the U.S. National Library of Medicine.
  • [Title] Thoracic Epidural Anesthesia and Analgesia (TEA) in Patients with Rib Fractures.
  • BACKGROUND: We analyzed the results of surgical reduction and fixation of ribs under thoracic epidural anesthesia and analgesia (TEA) in patients who had no more than 3 consecutive rib fractures with severe displacement to examine the clinical usefulness of this method.
  • MATERIALS AND METHODS: From May 2008 to March 2010, 35 patients underwent surgical reduction and fixation of ribs under TEA.
  • We reviewed the indications for this technique, number of fixed ribs, combined surgical procedures for thoracic trauma, intraoperative cardiopulmonary events, postoperative complications, reestablishment of enteral nutrition, and ambulation.
  • RESULTS: The indications of TEA were malunion or nonunion of fractured ribs in 29 (82.9%; first operation) and incompletely ribs under previous general anesthesia in 6 (17.1%; second operation).
  • The average number of fixed ribs per patient was 1.7 (range: 1~3).

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  • (PMID = 22263147.001).
  • [ISSN] 2093-6516
  • [Journal-full-title] The Korean journal of thoracic and cardiovascular surgery
  • [ISO-abbreviation] Korean J Thorac Cardiovasc Surg
  • [Language] eng
  • [Publication-type] Journal Article
  • [Publication-country] Korea (South)
  • [Other-IDs] NLM/ PMC3249296
  • [Keywords] NOTNLM ; Anesthesia / Ribs / Trauma, blunt
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44. Whitson BA, McGonigal MD, Anderson CP, Dries DJ: Increasing numbers of rib fractures do not worsen outcome: an analysis of the national trauma data bank. Am Surg; 2013 Feb;79(2):140-50
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  • [Source] The source of this record is MEDLINE®, a database of the U.S. National Library of Medicine.
  • [Title] Increasing numbers of rib fractures do not worsen outcome: an analysis of the national trauma data bank.
  • Increasing age and number of rib fractures are thought to portend a worse outcome with blunt chest trauma, although this is not clearly substantiated in the literature.
  • Patients with a rib fracture International Classification of Diseases, 9th Revision code were included; those with sternal fractures were excluded.
  • There were 2.1 per cent open rib fractures.
  • Using univariate analysis, rib fracture number was significant.
  • However, once multivariate analyses were applied, the number of rib fractures was not found to be an independent predictor of outcome.
  • The number of rib fractures is not an independent predictor of outcome.
  • [MeSH-major] Multiple Trauma. Rib Fractures. Wounds, Nonpenetrating

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  • (PMID = 23336653.001).
  • [ISSN] 1555-9823
  • [Journal-full-title] The American surgeon
  • [ISO-abbreviation] Am Surg
  • [Language] eng
  • [Publication-type] Journal Article
  • [Publication-country] United States
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45. Huang KN, Xu ZF, Sun JX, Ding XY, Wu B, Li W, Qin X, Tang H: Stabilization of multiple rib fractures in a canine model. J Surg Res; 2014 Dec;192(2):621-7
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  • [Source] The source of this record is MEDLINE®, a database of the U.S. National Library of Medicine.
  • [Title] Stabilization of multiple rib fractures in a canine model.
  • BACKGROUND: Operative stabilization is frequently used in the clinical treatment of multiple rib fractures (MRF); however, no ideal material exists for use in this fixation.
  • METHODS: Silk fiber-reinforced polycaprolactone (SF/PCL) plates were developed for rib fracture stabilization and studied using a canine flail chest model.
  • Adult mongrel dogs were divided into three groups: one group received the SF/PCL plates, one group received standard clinical steel plates, and the final group did not undergo operative fracture stabilization (n = 6 for each group).
  • Radiographic, mechanical, and histologic examination was performed to evaluate the effectiveness of the biodegradable material for the stabilization of the rib fractures.
  • The fracture sites collapsed in the untreated control group, leading to obvious chest wall deformity not encountered in the two groups that underwent operative stabilization.

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  • [Copyright] Copyright © 2014 Elsevier Inc. All rights reserved.
  • (PMID = 25255725.001).
  • [ISSN] 1095-8673
  • [Journal-full-title] The Journal of surgical research
  • [ISO-abbreviation] J. Surg. Res.
  • [Language] eng
  • [Publication-type] Journal Article; Research Support, Non-U.S. Gov't
  • [Publication-country] United States
  • [Keywords] NOTNLM ; Canine model / Fixation / Flail chest / Polycaprolactone / Rib fracture(s)
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46. Williams H, Carlton E: BET 1: Topical lignocaine patches in traumatic rib fractures. Emerg Med J; 2015 Apr;32(4):333-4
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  • [Source] The source of this record is MEDLINE®, a database of the U.S. National Library of Medicine.
  • [Title] BET 1: Topical lignocaine patches in traumatic rib fractures.
  • A shortcut review was carried out to establish whether topical lignocaine patches (LP) are effective for rib fractures.
  • The clinical bottom line is that there is currently no evidence to support the use of topical LP to improve pain control and reduce opiate analgesic use, in patients with traumatic rib fractures.

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  • [Copyright] Published by the BMJ Publishing Group Limited. For permission to use (where not already granted under a licence) please go to http://group.bmj.com/group/rights-licensing/permissions.
  • (PMID = 25804859.001).
  • [ISSN] 1472-0213
  • [Journal-full-title] Emergency medicine journal : EMJ
  • [ISO-abbreviation] Emerg Med J
  • [Language] eng
  • [Publication-type] Journal Article
  • [Publication-country] England
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47. Darling SE, Done SL, Friedman SD, Feldman KW: Frequency of intrathoracic injuries in children younger than 3 years with rib fractures. Pediatr Radiol; 2014 Oct;44(10):1230-6
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  • [Source] The source of this record is MEDLINE®, a database of the U.S. National Library of Medicine.
  • [Title] Frequency of intrathoracic injuries in children younger than 3 years with rib fractures.
  • BACKGROUND: Research documents that among children admitted to trauma intensive care units the number of rib fractures sustained indicates the child's likelihood of having and severity of intrathoracic injury.
  • This has been misused in court to argue that children with multiple rib fractures who lack intrathoracic injury have abnormal bone fragility rather than inflicted injury.
  • OBJECTIVE: To determine frequency of intrathoracic injuries in children younger than 3 years with rib fractures in cases of child abuse and accidental trauma.
  • MATERIALS AND METHODS: We conducted a retrospective review of rib fractures caused by documented abuse or accidents from 2003 to 2010 in children treated at Seattle Children's Hospital and Harborview Medical Center.
  • RESULTS: Seventy-two percent (47/65) of infants and toddlers with rib fractures were abused.
  • Abused children had more rib fractures than accidentally injured children (5.55 vs. 3.11, P = 0.012).
  • Intracranial and intra-abdominal injuries and skull fractures were equally frequent, but other extrathoracic fractures were more common with abuse (70.2% vs. 16.7%, P < 0.001).
  • CONCLUSIONS: Abused infants and toddlers have fewer intrathoracic injuries but more rib fractures than accidentally injured peers.
  • Lack of intrathoracic injuries in abused children with rib fractures does not imply bone fragility.

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  • (PMID = 24771095.001).
  • [ISSN] 1432-1998
  • [Journal-full-title] Pediatric radiology
  • [ISO-abbreviation] Pediatr Radiol
  • [Language] eng
  • [Publication-type] Journal Article
  • [Publication-country] Germany
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48. Franke I, Pingen A, Schiffmann H, Vogel M, Vlajnic D, Ganschow R, Born M, for Arbeitsgemeinschaft Kinderschutz in der Medizin: Cardiopulmonary resuscitation (CPR)-related posterior rib fractures in neonates and infants following recommended changes in CPR techniques. Child Abuse Negl; 2014 Jul;38(7):1267-74
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  • [Source] The source of this record is MEDLINE®, a database of the U.S. National Library of Medicine.
  • [Title] Cardiopulmonary resuscitation (CPR)-related posterior rib fractures in neonates and infants following recommended changes in CPR techniques.
  • Posterior rib fractures are highly indicative of non-accidental trauma (NAT) in infants.
  • Is it possible that posterior rib fractures in newborns and infants could be caused by the "two-thumbs" technique?
  • No rib fracture was visible on any chest X-ray.
  • The results of this study suggest rib fracture after the use of the "two-thumbs" CPR technique is uncommon.
  • Thus, there should be careful consideration of abuse when these fractures are identified, regardless of whether CPR was performed and what technique used.
  • The discovery of rib fractures in an infant who has undergone CPR without underlying bone disease or major trauma warrants a full child protection investigation.
  • [MeSH-major] Cardiopulmonary Resuscitation / statistics & numerical data. Child Abuse / diagnosis. Rib Fractures / epidemiology

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  • [Copyright] Copyright © 2014 Elsevier Ltd. All rights reserved.
  • (PMID = 24636360.001).
  • [ISSN] 1873-7757
  • [Journal-full-title] Child abuse & neglect
  • [ISO-abbreviation] Child Abuse Negl
  • [Language] eng
  • [Publication-type] Journal Article; Multicenter Study; Research Support, Non-U.S. Gov't
  • [Publication-country] England
  • [Keywords] NOTNLM ; Abusive head trauma / CPR in infants / Chest radiographs / Child abuse / Posterior rib fractures / “two-thumbs” technique
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49. Yuan B, Jin X, Zhu R, Zhang X, Liu J, Wan H, Lu H, Shen Y, Wang F: Cronkhite-Canada syndrome associated with rib fractures: a case report. BMC Gastroenterol; 2010;10:121
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  • [Source] The source of this record is MEDLINE®, a database of the U.S. National Library of Medicine.
  • [Title] Cronkhite-Canada syndrome associated with rib fractures: a case report.
  • Up till now, many complications of CCS have been reported in the literature, but rib fracture is not included.
  • Thus, a diagnosis of CCS was made.
  • The chest radiography revealed fractures of the left sixth and seventh ribs.
  • Examinations, including emission computed tomography, bone densitometry test, and other serum parameters, were performed, but could not identify the definite etiology of the rib fractures.
  • One month later, the patient suffered from aggravating multiple rib fractures due to the ineffective treatment, persistent hypocalcaemia and malnutrition.
  • CONCLUSIONS: This is the first case of a CCS patient with multiple rib fractures.
  • Although the association between CCS and multiple rib fractures in this case remains uncertain, we presume that persistent hypocalcaemia and malnutrition contribute to this situation, or at least aggravate this rare complication.
  • Besides, since prolonged corticosteroid therapy will result in an increased risk of osteoporotic fracture, CCS patients who accept corticosteroid therapy could be potential victims of rib fracture.
  • [MeSH-major] Intestinal Polyposis / complications. Osteoporotic Fractures / etiology. Rib Fractures / etiology

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  • [Cites] Aliment Pharmacol Ther. 2002 Mar;16(3):333-42 [11876685.001]
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  • (PMID = 20955587.001).
  • [ISSN] 1471-230X
  • [Journal-full-title] BMC gastroenterology
  • [ISO-abbreviation] BMC Gastroenterol
  • [Language] eng
  • [Publication-type] Case Reports; Journal Article
  • [Publication-country] England
  • [Other-IDs] NLM/ PMC2972238
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50. Bottlang M, Helzel I, Long W, Fitzpatrick D, Madey S: Less-invasive stabilization of rib fractures by intramedullary fixation: a biomechanical evaluation. J Trauma; 2010 May;68(5):1218-24
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  • [Source] The source of this record is MEDLINE®, a database of the U.S. National Library of Medicine.
  • [Title] Less-invasive stabilization of rib fractures by intramedullary fixation: a biomechanical evaluation.
  • BACKGROUND: This study evaluated intramedullary fixation of rib fractures with Kirschner wires and novel ribs splints.
  • We hypothesized that rib splints can provide equivalent fixation strength while avoiding complications associated with Kirschner wires, namely wire migration and cutout.
  • METHODS: The durability, strength, and failure modes of rib fracture fixation with Kirschner wires and rib splints were evaluated in 22 paired human ribs.
  • First, intact ribs were loaded to failure to determine their strength.
  • After fracture fixation with Kirschner wires and rib splints, fixation constructs were dynamically loaded to 360,000 cycles at five times the respiratory load to determine their durability.
  • Dynamic loading caused three times more subsidence in Kirschner wire constructs (1.2 mm +/- 1.4 mm) than in rib splint constructs (0.4 mm +/- 0.2 mm, p = 0.09).
  • After dynamic loading, rib splint constructs remained 48% stronger than Kirschner wire constructs (p = 0.001).
  • Rib splint constructs failed by development of fracture lines along the superior and interior cortices.
  • CONCLUSIONS: Because of their superior strength and absence of catastrophic failure mode, rib splints can serve as an attractive alternative to Kirschner wires for intramedullary stabilization of rib fractures, especially in the case of posterior rib fractures where access for plating is limited.
  • [MeSH-major] Bone Wires. Fracture Fixation, Intramedullary / instrumentation. Rib Fractures / surgery
  • [MeSH-minor] Aged. Biomechanical Phenomena. Elasticity. Equipment Design. Equipment Failure Analysis. Female. Foreign-Body Migration / etiology. Fracture Healing. Humans. Male. Materials Testing. Rotation. Splints / adverse effects. Splints / standards. Tensile Strength. Weight-Bearing

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  • (PMID = 20068479.001).
  • [ISSN] 1529-8809
  • [Journal-full-title] The Journal of trauma
  • [ISO-abbreviation] J Trauma
  • [Language] eng
  • [Publication-type] Comparative Study; Evaluation Studies; Journal Article; Research Support, Non-U.S. Gov't
  • [Publication-country] United States
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