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1. Biomedical articles (top 50; 2009 to 2014)
1. ||||||.... 58%  Pailhez G, Rodríguez A, Ariza J, Palomo AL, Bulbena A: [Somatotype and schizophrenia. A case-control study]. Actas Esp Psiquiatr; 2009 Sep-Oct;37(5):258-66
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  • [Source] The source of this record is MEDLINE®, a database of the U.S. National Library of Medicine.
  • [Title] [Somatotype and schizophrenia. A case-control study].
  • [Transliterated title] Somatotipo y esquizofrenia. Un estudio caso-control.
  • AIMS: To compare somatotypes of schizophrenic patients and healthy controls and to examine some associations between somatic (joint mobility, somatotype) and psychopathological (anxiety, clinical seriousness and schizophrenic types) features.
  • Heath-Carter method and 5 questions to detect joint hypermobility were used to assess both somatotype and joint hypermobility.
  • RESULTS: There were no statistically significant differences between mean somatotype groups (cases: 4(1/2) 5(1/2) 1(1/2); controls: 5 - 5 - 1(1/2)).
  • Somatotype means of paranoid and disorganized types were significantly more homogeneous (with greater values of ectomorphism) than undifferentiated type [X2 = 6.61; gl = 2; p = 0.037].
  • [MeSH-major] Schizophrenia. Somatotypes

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  • (PMID = 19960384.001).
  • [ISSN] 1139-9287
  • [Journal-full-title] Actas españolas de psiquiatría
  • [ISO-abbreviation] Actas Esp Psiquiatr
  • [Language] spa
  • [Publication-type] English Abstract; Journal Article
  • [Publication-country] Spain
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2. |||||..... 51%  Poliszczuk T, Broda D: [Somatic constitution and the ability to maintain dynamic body equilibrium in girls practicing rhythmic gymnastics]. Pediatr Endocrinol Diabetes Metab; 2010;16(2):94-9
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  • [Source] The source of this record is MEDLINE®, a database of the U.S. National Library of Medicine.
  • [Title] [Somatic constitution and the ability to maintain dynamic body equilibrium in girls practicing rhythmic gymnastics].
  • INTRODUCTION: The greatest similarities in body constitution were noted in competitors practising the same discipline.
  • A typical body constitution for a given discipline not only favourably affects athletic performance, but is also the factor preventing sportsrelated contusions.
  • The ability to maintain body equilibrium, together with somatic constitution, are the basic selective criteria in rhythmic gymnastics.
  • AIM OF THE STUDY: The objective of this paper was to determine somatotypes, to evaluate the ability to maintain dynamic body equilibrium in girls practicing rhythmic gymnastics and to develop model characteristics enabling early diagnosis of the disorders equilibrium system function.
  • For the evaluation of the competitors' somatotypes, the Heath-Carter method was used, based on the classic concept of Sheldon's body constitution components.
  • Body equilibrium level was evaluated by means of posturography.
  • The mean body mass index (BMI) value for this cohort was 15.32, which means advanced slimness.
  • CONCLUSION: Body constitution type in the qualified gymnasts is characterised by the prevalence of the ectomorphic component.
  • The poorest result was found when the gymnasts bent in the backward direction as this body position is most difficult to assume and to maintain body equilibrium as compared to all other directions.
  • [MeSH-major] Body Constitution / physiology. Gymnastics / physiology. Postural Balance / physiology. Somatotypes / physiology

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  • (PMID = 20813086.001).
  • [ISSN] 2081-237X
  • [Journal-full-title] Pediatric endocrinology, diabetes, and metabolism
  • [ISO-abbreviation] Pediatr Endocrinol Diabetes Metab
  • [Language] eng
  • [Publication-type] Journal Article
  • [Publication-country] Poland
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3. |||||..... 45%  Cooper IF, Siadaty MS: 'Mental or Behavioral Dysfunctions' associated with 'Body Types': Top Publications. BioMedLib Review; MentalOrBehavioral;BodyTypes:705279050. ISSN: 2331-5717. 2014/2/25
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  • [Title] 'Mental or Behavioral Dysfunctions' associated with 'Body Types': Top Publications.
  • There are articles published each month which present 'Mental or Behavioral Dysfunction' for 'body types'.
  • Issa BA: Delusional disorder-somatic type (or body dysmorphic disorder) and schizophrenia: a case report.
  • Pailhez G et al: [Somatotype and schizophrenia. A case-control study].
  • Sivkov S et al: Somatotyping of schizophrenic and affective disorder patients.
  • Viken RJ et al: Illusory correlation for body type and happiness: covariation bias and its relationship to eating disorder symptoms.
  • Salokun SO et al: Perceived somatotype and stereotypes of physique among Nigerian schoolchildren.
  • WYNNE RD et al: SCHIZOPHRENICS' STEREOTYPES ABOUT SOMATOTYPES.
  • BROUWER D: Somatotypes and psychosomatic diseases.
  • Yates J et al: Stereotypes for somatotypes: shared beliefs about Sheldon's physiques.
  • Neumärker KJ et al: [Somatotype-specific anthropometry and eating disorders].
  • Sahgal A et al: Matching-to-sample deficits in patients with senile dementias of the Alzheimer and Lewy body types.

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  • [Copyright] Copyright 2014 Siadaty and Cooper; licensee BioMedLib LLC.
  • (UID = 705279050.001).
  • [ISSN] 2331-5717
  • [Journal-full-title] BioMedLib Review
  • [Language] eng
  • [Publication-type] Review
  • [Publication-country] UNITED STATES
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4. ||||...... 39%  Yeung EH, Hu FB, Solomon CG, Chen L, Louis GM, Schisterman E, Willett WC, Zhang C: Life-course weight characteristics and the risk of gestational diabetes. Diabetologia; 2010 Apr;53(4):668-78
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  • [Source] The source of this record is MEDLINE®, a database of the U.S. National Library of Medicine.
  • METHODS: We investigated the joint and independent impact of birthweight, childhood size by somatotypes, adolescent and adult BMI, and abdominal adiposity on gestational diabetes mellitus risk among the 21,647 women in the Nurses' Health Study II who reported a singleton pregnancy between 1989 and 2001.
  • Childhood somatotypes at ages 5 and 10 years were not associated with risk.
  • U-shaped associations were found for BMI at age 18 years and somatotype at age 20 years.
  • [MeSH-major] Body Weight / physiology. Diabetes, Gestational / epidemiology. Weight Gain / physiology

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  • (PMID = 20043144.001).
  • [ISSN] 1432-0428
  • [Journal-full-title] Diabetologia
  • [ISO-abbreviation] Diabetologia
  • [Language] eng
  • [Grant] United States / NCI NIH HHS / CA / CA50385; United States / NIDDK NIH HHS / DK / DK58845; United States / NICHD NIH HHS / HD / Z99 HD999999
  • [Publication-type] Journal Article; Research Support, N.I.H., Extramural; Research Support, N.I.H., Intramural
  • [Publication-country] Germany
  • [Other-IDs] NLM/ NIHMS209316; NLM/ PMC2901841
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5. ||||...... 36%  Sterkowicz-Przybycień KL, Sterkowicz S, Zarów RT: Somatotype, body composition and proportionality in polish top greco-roman wrestlers. J Hum Kinet; 2011 Jun;28:141-54
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  • [Title] Somatotype, body composition and proportionality in polish top greco-roman wrestlers.
  • The objective of the paper was to determine body composition and somatotype of male Greco-Roman wrestlers grouped by different weight categories and level of competition.
  • An experienced evaluator performed 10 measurements necessary to designate Heath-Carter somatotypes and additional skinfolds to estimate the percentage of body fat and body composition.
  • When compared with untrained subjects, wrestlers exhibited higher body mass (81.8 vs. 72.1 kg, t=3.15, p<0.01) and lower height-weight ratio (40.50 vs. 43.21, t=13.5, p<0.001).
  • Wrestlers' somatotypes differed from those of untrained subjects (2.0-6.6-1.2 vs. 3.7-4.3-3.1).
  • In conclusion, body build and composition in wrestlers depend on their weight category.
  • In heavier categories, characteristic type is endomorph-mesomorph, whereas lighter weight categories are dominated by balanced mesomorph.
  • A considerable difference in endomorphy and indices of body composition can also be observed.

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  • (PMID = 23486846.001).
  • [ISSN] 1640-5544
  • [Journal-full-title] Journal of human kinetics
  • [ISO-abbreviation] J Hum Kinet
  • [Language] eng
  • [Publication-type] Journal Article
  • [Publication-country] Poland
  • [Other-IDs] NLM/ PMC3592107
  • [Keywords] NOTNLM ; ectomorphy / endomorphy / mesomorphy / sports level / wrestling
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6. |||....... 35%  Yeung EH, Zhang C, Louis GM, Willett WC, Hu FB: Childhood size and life course weight characteristics in association with the risk of incident type 2 diabetes. Diabetes Care; 2010 Jun;33(6):1364-9
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  • [Title] Childhood size and life course weight characteristics in association with the risk of incident type 2 diabetes.
  • OBJECTIVE: To determine how childhood overweight, in conjunction with other life course weight characteristics, relates to the development of type 2 diabetes in adulthood.
  • RESEARCH DESIGN AND METHODS: Among 109,172 women in the Nurses' Health Study II, body fatness at ages 5, 10, and 20 years was assessed by recall using 9-level pictorial diagrams (somatotypes) representing extreme thinness (category 1) to obesity (category 9).
  • Self-reported cases of type 2 diabetes were confirmed by supplementary questionnaire.
  • RESULTS: Somatotypes at ages 5 and 10 years were positively associated with diabetes risk (P(trend) < 0.0001).
  • The adjusted relative risk (RR) of women with somatotype >or=6 (vs. 2) at age 5 years was 2.19 (95% CI 1.79-2.67) and at age 10 years was 2.57 (2.20-3.01).
  • Increases in size by somatotype or by weight gain since age 18 were associated with increased risk.
  • The adjusted RR was 15.10 (13.21-17.26) for women who were also overweight at age 10 (somatotype >or=5) and 18 (BMI >25 kg/m(2)).
  • CONCLUSIONS: Increased body size starting from childhood is associated with a greater risk of diabetes in adulthood.
  • [MeSH-major] Body Size. Body Weight. Diabetes Mellitus, Type 2 / epidemiology

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  • (PMID = 20215459.001).
  • [ISSN] 1935-5548
  • [Journal-full-title] Diabetes care
  • [ISO-abbreviation] Diabetes Care
  • [Language] eng
  • [Grant] United States / NCI NIH HHS / CA / CA50385; United States / NIDDK NIH HHS / DK / DK58845
  • [Publication-type] Journal Article; Research Support, N.I.H., Extramural
  • [Publication-country] United States
  • [Other-IDs] NLM/ PMC2875455
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7. |||||||||. 982%  Liiv H, Wyon MA, Jürimäe T, Saar M, Mäestu J, Jürimäe J: Anthropometry, somatotypes, and aerobic power in ballet, contemporary dance, and dancesport. Med Probl Perform Art; 2013 Dec;28(4):207-11
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  • [Source] The source of this record is MEDLINE®, a database of the U.S. National Library of Medicine.
  • [Title] Anthropometry, somatotypes, and aerobic power in ballet, contemporary dance, and dancesport.
  • This study compared anthropometric variables, somatotypes, and aerobic capacity between three groups of dancers: classical ballet dancers (M 33, F 56), contemporary dancers (M 28, F 109), and dancesport dancers (M 30, F 30).
  • Anthropometric data for body mass index (BMI) and somatotypes were measured.
  • Body fat percentage was measured by dual-energy x-ray absorptiometry.
  • Female ballet dancers had a lower body mass and BMI compared with their contemporary dance and dancesport equivalents (p<0.001).
  • Ballet dancers had the lowest body fat percentage, weight, and BMI values.
  • Based on this study, we conclude that dancers in these three styles differ in some aspects of anthropometric variables, somatotypes, and aerobic capacity, but we cannot say is it because of the training or selection or both.
  • [MeSH-major] Anthropometry. Body Composition / physiology. Dancing / physiology. Oxygen Consumption / physiology. Physical Endurance / physiology. Somatotypes / physiology
  • [MeSH-minor] Adult. Body Mass Index. Exercise Test / methods. Female. Humans. Male. Muscle Strength / physiology. Sex Factors. Young Adult

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  • (PMID = 24337032.001).
  • [ISSN] 0885-1158
  • [Journal-full-title] Medical problems of performing artists
  • [ISO-abbreviation] Med Probl Perform Art
  • [Language] eng
  • [Publication-type] Comparative Study; Journal Article; Research Support, Non-U.S. Gov't
  • [Publication-country] United States
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8. |||||||||. 706%  Zu P, Zhao YQ, Xu SJ, Hao JH, Su PY, Zhu P, Tao FB: [Association between self-assessed somatotypes and symptom depression among children and adolescents]. Zhonghua Liu Xing Bing Xue Za Zhi; 2011 Dec;32(12):1208-11
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  • [Source] The source of this record is MEDLINE®, a database of the U.S. National Library of Medicine.
  • [Title] [Association between self-assessed somatotypes and symptom depression among children and adolescents].
  • OBJECTIVE: To examine the association between self-assessed somatotypes and depression related symptoms.
  • Association between self-assessed somatotypes, body mass index (BMI) and depression symptom were examined.
  • RESULTS: There was a slight consistency between self-assessed somatotypes and BMI in both boys and girls (Kappa = 0.217, P = 0.000; Kappa = 0.203, P = 0.000).
  • The prevalence of underestimation of somatotypes was significantly higher in boys than in girls, while the result was reversive on the prevalence of overestimation.
  • Through logistic regression, data showed that self-assessed somatotypes and miscalculated groups were significantly associated with depressive symptoms.
  • Overestimated and underestimated somatotypes appeared to be risk factors causing symptoms of depression (OR = 1.705, 95%CI: 1.382 - 2.105; OR = 1.241, 95%CI: 1.059 - 1.454).
  • CONCLUSION: Slight consistency was found between self-assessed somatotypes and BMI, while the misjudged somatotypes were the risk factor related to depressive symptoms.
  • [MeSH-major] Depression / etiology. Obesity / psychology. Self-Assessment. Somatotypes. Students / psychology
  • [MeSH-minor] Adolescent. Body Image. Child. Female. Humans. Male. Overweight / psychology. Sampling Studies

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  • (PMID = 22336601.001).
  • [ISSN] 0254-6450
  • [Journal-full-title] Zhonghua liu xing bing xue za zhi = Zhonghua liuxingbingxue zazhi
  • [ISO-abbreviation] Zhonghua Liu Xing Bing Xue Za Zhi
  • [Language] chi
  • [Publication-type] English Abstract; Journal Article; Research Support, Non-U.S. Gov't
  • [Publication-country] China
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9. |||||||||. 656%  Fefelova IuA: [The change in lipoid spectrum in blood serum in girls of different somatotypes after meals]. Fiziol Cheloveka; 2010 Jan-Feb;36(1):119-24
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  • [Title] [The change in lipoid spectrum in blood serum in girls of different somatotypes after meals].
  • We carried out the analysis of the changes in the spectrum of neutral lipoids and phospholipoids in blood serum as a response to meals in girls of different somatotypes.
  • We revealed statistically true lowering of lipid acids content in representatives of all examined somatotypes after meals.
  • Statistically true increase of simply oxidized fractions of phospholipoids in girls of sub-athletic and athletic somatotypes testifies on the change in the ratio of dynamics components of lipoid spectrum of lipoproteids.
  • Balanced fractions of phospholipoids as well as free cholesterol are the main structural components in lipoproteid membranes and they didn't change in any of the studied somatotypes as a response to meals.
  • [MeSH-major] Lipoproteins / blood. Phospholipids / blood. Postprandial Period / physiology. Somatotypes / physiology

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  • (PMID = 20196456.001).
  • [ISSN] 0131-1646
  • [Journal-full-title] Fiziologiia cheloveka
  • [ISO-abbreviation] Fiziol Cheloveka
  • [Language] rus
  • [Publication-type] English Abstract; Journal Article
  • [Publication-country] Russia (Federation)
  • [Chemical-registry-number] 0 / Lipoproteins; 0 / Phospholipids
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10. |||||||||. 655%  Liiv H, Wyon M, Jürimäe T, Purge P, Saar M, Mäestu J, Jürimäe J: Anthropometry and somatotypes of competitive DanceSport participants: a comparison of three different styles. Homo; 2014 Apr;65(2):155-60
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  • [Source] The source of this record is MEDLINE®, a database of the U.S. National Library of Medicine.
  • [Title] Anthropometry and somatotypes of competitive DanceSport participants: a comparison of three different styles.
  • The aim of the present study was to examine variations in somatotype and anthropometry in three different competitive dance styles: DanceSport Standard, Latin American and Ten Dance.
  • Anthropometry and somatotype data were collected from thirty couples competing in Standard (n=24 individuals), Latin American (n=14) and Ten Dance (n=22) styles.
  • A single tester (ISAK Level 1) carried out all anthropometric measurements using the Heath-Carter protocol and somatotypes were calculated using the Heath-Carter's decimal equations.
  • Results indicated that the mean somatotype for the male dancers was 2.4-3.9-3.2, whilst for females it was 2.7-2.7-3.5.
  • The findings of this study show that somatotypes differ among DanceSport participants by dance style.

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  • [Copyright] Copyright © 2013 Elsevier GmbH. All rights reserved.
  • (PMID = 24182600.001).
  • [ISSN] 1618-1301
  • [Journal-full-title] Homo : internationale Zeitschrift für die vergleichende Forschung am Menschen
  • [ISO-abbreviation] Homo
  • [Language] eng
  • [Publication-type] Journal Article; Research Support, Non-U.S. Gov't
  • [Publication-country] Germany
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11. |||||||... 74%  Zviagin VN, Sineva IM: [Identification of male somatotype based on osteometric characteristics of the upper and lower extremities]. Sud Med Ekspert; 2009 Sep-Oct;52(5):6-11
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  • [Source] The source of this record is MEDLINE®, a database of the U.S. National Library of Medicine.
  • [Title] [Identification of male somatotype based on osteometric characteristics of the upper and lower extremities].
  • The results were compared with the data obtained by examining materials excavated from grave sites of an Yoshkar-Ola cemetery and from the Isupovo necropole (Kostroma) to evaluate the possibility of identifying human somatotypes from bone remains.
  • Diagnostic equations are proposed for the identification of individual somatotypes based on the analysis of skeletal remains for the use in practical forensic medical examination.
  • [MeSH-major] Bone and Bones / pathology. Forensic Anthropology / methods. Lower Extremity / pathology. Somatotypes. Upper Extremity / pathology

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  • (PMID = 20058841.001).
  • [ISSN] 0039-4521
  • [Journal-full-title] Sudebno-meditsinskaia ekspertiza
  • [ISO-abbreviation] Sud. Med. Ekspert.
  • [Language] rus
  • [Publication-type] English Abstract; Journal Article
  • [Publication-country] Russia (Federation)
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12. |||||||... 73%  Orhan O, Sagir M, Zorba E: Comparison of somatotype values of football players in two professional league football teams according to the positions. Coll Antropol; 2013 Jun;37(2):401-5
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  • [Source] The source of this record is MEDLINE®, a database of the U.S. National Library of Medicine.
  • [Title] Comparison of somatotype values of football players in two professional league football teams according to the positions.
  • This study compared the somatotype values of football players according to their playing positions.
  • The study aimed to determine the physical profiles of players and to analyze the relationships between somatotypes and playing positions.
  • In somatotype calculations, triceps, subscapular, supraspinale and calf skinfold thickness, humerus bicondylar, femur bicondylar, biceps circumference, calf circumference and body weight and height were used.
  • Statistical analysis of the data was performed using the Graph Pad prism Version 5.00 for Windows (Graph Pad Software, San Diego California USA); somatotype calculations and analyses used the Somatotype 1.1 program and graphical representations of the results were produced.
  • The measurements indicated that, when all of the GB and GBO players were evaluated collectively, their average somatotypes were balanced mesomorph.
  • The somatotypes of GBO goalkeepers were generally ectomorphic mesomorph; GB goalkeepers were balanced mesomorphic, although they were slightly endomorphic.
  • [MeSH-major] Anthropometry. Body Composition / physiology. Body Weight / physiology. Soccer / physiology. Somatotypes / physiology

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  • (PMID = 23940981.001).
  • [ISSN] 0350-6134
  • [Journal-full-title] Collegium antropologicum
  • [ISO-abbreviation] Coll Antropol
  • [Language] eng
  • [Publication-type] Comparative Study; Journal Article
  • [Publication-country] Croatia
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13. ||||||.... 65%  Rizzo-Sierra CV: Ayurvedic genomics, constitutional psychology, and endocrinology: the missing connection. J Altern Complement Med; 2011 May;17(5):465-8
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  • A recent methodological approach for human classification, diagnosis, and therapeutics through the combination of current Western constitutional psychology somatotypes and traditional Indian medicine (prakriti) body types and mind (manas) is herein presented.
  • The striking similarities between psychologic somatotypes and Indian medicine body types permits proposal of a finite genopsycho-somatotyping of humans.
  • Genopsycho-somatotyping of humans consists of a set of common physiologic, physical, and psychologic attributes related to a common basic birth constitution that remains somewhat permanent during human lifetime, since it is proposed that this birth constitution is programmed in the person's DNA (genes).
  • Three (3) basic extreme genopsycho-somatotypes or birth constitutions are enunciated: mesomorphic or andrus (Pitta), endomorphic or thymus (Khapa), and ectomorphic or thyrus (Vata).
  • [MeSH-major] Body Constitution / genetics. Genomics. Genotype. Hormones / physiology. Medicine, Ayurvedic. Phenotype. Somatotypes

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  • (PMID = 21563964.001).
  • [ISSN] 1557-7708
  • [Journal-full-title] Journal of alternative and complementary medicine (New York, N.Y.)
  • [ISO-abbreviation] J Altern Complement Med
  • [Language] eng
  • [Publication-type] Journal Article
  • [Publication-country] United States
  • [Chemical-registry-number] 0 / Hormones; 0 / MSH receptor; 0 / Receptors, Cytoplasmic and Nuclear; 0 / Receptors, Pituitary Hormone; 9007-49-2 / DNA; Q51BO43MG4 / Thyroxine
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14. ||||||.... 61%  Yokota M, Berglund LG, Bathalon GP: Female anthropometric variability and their effects on predicted thermoregulatory responses to work in the heat. Int J Biometeorol; 2012 Mar;56(2):379-85
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  • [Source] The source of this record is MEDLINE®, a database of the U.S. National Library of Medicine.
  • Five somatotypes were identified in U.S.
  • The simulated heat responses, using a thermoregulatory model, were different between somatotypes.
  • Anthropometric somatotypes were identified using multivariate analysis [height, weight, percent body fat (%BF)] and the predicted physiological responses to simulated exercise and heat stress using a thermoregulatory model were evaluated.
  • The simulated conditions included walking at ~3 mph (4.8 km/h) for 300 min and wearing battle dress uniform and body armor in a 30°C, 25% relative humidity (RH) environment without solar radiation.
  • Five major somatotypes (tall-fat, tall-lean, average, short-lean, and short-fat), identified through multivariate analysis of anthropometric distributions, showed different tolerance levels to simulated heat stress: lean women were predicted to maintain their core temperatures (T(c)) lower than short-fat or tall-fat women.
  • [MeSH-major] Body Temperature / physiology. Military Personnel. Somatotypes / physiology. Work / physiology
  • [MeSH-minor] Adolescent. Adult. Body Weights and Measures. Female. Hot Temperature. Humans. Models, Biological. Principal Component Analysis. United States. Walking / physiology. Young Adult

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  • (PMID = 21573821.001).
  • [ISSN] 1432-1254
  • [Journal-full-title] International journal of biometeorology
  • [ISO-abbreviation] Int J Biometeorol
  • [Language] eng
  • [Publication-type] Clinical Trial; Journal Article
  • [Publication-country] United States
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15. ||||||.... 59%  Sterkowicz-Przybycień K: Body composition and somatotype of the elite of Polish fencers. Coll Antropol; 2009 Sep;33(3):765-72
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  • [Source] The source of this record is MEDLINE®, a database of the U.S. National Library of Medicine.
  • [Title] Body composition and somatotype of the elite of Polish fencers.
  • The purpose of this study was to determine body composition and somatotype of the male fencers who were grouped by different fencing weapons.
  • Analysis of body composition, with untrained men as background, will update the data necessary for the somatic profiles of fencers.
  • An experienced evaluator performed 10 measurements necessary to designate somatotypes by means of Heath-Carter method and to estimate the percentage of body fat and composition.
  • Sabre fencers (weight = 84.4 kg, somatotype = 3.4-5.4-1.8) were heavier than both epée fencers (77.9 kg, 3.6-4.9-2.5) and foil fencers (74.9 kg, 2.9-4.2-2.8).
  • Against the background of non-training men, fencers were distinguished by a higher body weight (79.0 vs. 72.1 kg, t = 3.97, p < 0.001) and a higher height-weight ratio (43.21 vs. 42.46, t = 2.24, p < 0.05).
  • Fencers' somatotypes differed from the somatotypes of the untrained (3.3-4.8-2.3 vs. 3.7-4.3-3.1).
  • [MeSH-major] Body Composition. Somatotypes. Sports / physiology
  • [MeSH-minor] Adult. Body Mass Index. Humans. Male. Poland

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  • (PMID = 19860102.001).
  • [ISSN] 0350-6134
  • [Journal-full-title] Collegium antropologicum
  • [ISO-abbreviation] Coll Antropol
  • [Language] eng
  • [Publication-type] Journal Article
  • [Publication-country] Croatia
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16. ||||||.... 58%  Sporis G, Jukić I, Bok D, Vuleta D Jr, Harasin D: Impact of body composition on performance in fitness tests among personnel of the Croatian navy. Coll Antropol; 2011 Jun;35(2):335-9
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  • [Source] The source of this record is MEDLINE®, a database of the U.S. National Library of Medicine.
  • [Title] Impact of body composition on performance in fitness tests among personnel of the Croatian navy.
  • The purpose of this study was to determine the impact of body weight on fitness tests among the personnel of the Croatian navy.
  • Forty two naval personnel (age 27 +/- 4.1 years; body mass 86.2 +/- 4.9 kg; height 184.6 +/- 7.4 cm; body fat percentage 17.3 +/- 5.2) participated in this study.
  • In order to evaluate the fitness of the naval servicemen, we applied a testing procedure that included measurements of 7 fitness tests and 15 body anthropometric tests.
  • A negative correlation was found between the body fat percentage and all the analyzed sprint tests and three anaerobic power tests (r), SP5 (r = -0.42), SP10 (r = -0.51), SP20 (r = -0.53), SJ (r = -0.45), CM (r = -0.57), SLJ (r = -0.67).
  • Also a negative correlation was found between the body fat percentage and VO2(max) (r = -0.44).
  • In this study we found a negative correlation between body fat percentages and all the sprint tests and three anaerobic power tests and VO2(max).
  • The ectomorph somatotypes have positive correlations with all variables.
  • The mesomorph somatotypes have the greatest positive correlations with all variables.
  • The endomorph somatotypes have negative correlations with all variables.
  • According to the body composition of Croatian naval servicemen we can conclude that they need a sufficient level of strength and endurance for everyday tasks.
  • [MeSH-major] Athletic Performance / statistics & numerical data. Body Composition / physiology. Exercise Test. Military Personnel / statistics & numerical data. Physical Fitness / physiology
  • [MeSH-minor] Adult. Croatia. Humans. Male. Somatotypes


17. |||||..... 52%  Genovese JE, Little KD: Mesomorphy correlates with experiential cognitive style. J Genet Psychol; 2011 Oct-Dec;172(4):433-9
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  • [Source] The source of this record is MEDLINE®, a database of the U.S. National Library of Medicine.
  • Anthropometric somatotypes were obtained using the Heath-Carter procedure (J. E. L.
  • [MeSH-major] Anthropometry. Cognition / physiology. Personality / physiology. Somatotypes / psychology

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  • (PMID = 22256686.001).
  • [ISSN] 0022-1325
  • [Journal-full-title] The Journal of genetic psychology
  • [ISO-abbreviation] J Genet Psychol
  • [Language] eng
  • [Publication-type] Journal Article
  • [Publication-country] United States
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18. |||||..... 49%  Sibila M, Pori P: Position-related differences in selected morphological body characteristics of top-level handball players. Coll Antropol; 2009 Dec;33(4):1079-86
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  • [Source] The source of this record is MEDLINE®, a database of the U.S. National Library of Medicine.
  • [Title] Position-related differences in selected morphological body characteristics of top-level handball players.
  • Somatotypes were determined using Heath-Carter's method.
  • In order to determine differences in the body composition and anthropometric data of the subjects playing in different positions, a one-way analysis of variance was employed.
  • The results show that on average the wings differ the most from the other player groups in terms of their morphological body characteristics.
  • The values of their body height, body mass and the quantity of subcutaneous fat are statistically significantly lower than those of players in the other groups.
  • Goalkeepers are relatively tall, with high values of body mass and low values of transuersal measures.
  • Their skin folds are the most pronounced among all groups on average and their share of subcutaneous fat in total body mass is the highest.
  • Consequently, their endomorphic component of the somatotype is pronounced.
  • Pivots and back players are becoming increasingly similar in terms of their morphological body characteristics.
  • Pivots maintain greater robustness, have a higher quantity of muscle mass as well as more pronounced transversal measures and a mesomorphic component of the somatotype.
  • [MeSH-major] Body Constitution. Somatotypes. Sports
  • [MeSH-minor] Adult. Body Composition. Humans. Male. Slovenia

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  • (PMID = 20102051.001).
  • [ISSN] 0350-6134
  • [Journal-full-title] Collegium antropologicum
  • [ISO-abbreviation] Coll Antropol
  • [Language] eng
  • [Publication-type] Comparative Study; Journal Article
  • [Publication-country] Croatia
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19. |||||..... 48%  Massidda M, Toselli S, Brasili P, Calò CM: Somatotype of elite Italian gymnasts. Coll Antropol; 2013 Sep;37(3):853-7
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  • [Source] The source of this record is MEDLINE®, a database of the U.S. National Library of Medicine.
  • [Title] Somatotype of elite Italian gymnasts.
  • The somatotyping method is especially helpful in sports in which the body could directly influence the biomechanics of movements and the performance's results.
  • The purpose of this study was to determine the somatotype of elite Italian gymnasts and to compare it in terms of competition levels.
  • The sample comprised 64 elite gymnasts (42 females (F), somatotype 1.4-4.4-3.2; and 22 males (M), somatotype 1.6-6.3-2.1) belonging to the Italian National Artistic Gymnastic Team (2007) at different competition levels: Allieve, Junior, and Senior.
  • Mean whole somatotypes, by competition levels, were not significantly different in both sexes (Female gymnasts: Allieve, 1.3-4.6-3.3; Junior, 1.3-4.2-3.6; Senior, 1.7-4.2-2.7; Male gymnasts: Junior, 1.5-6.3-2.5; Senior, 1.7-6.3-1.6).
  • This study highlighted the peculiarities of the somatotype of Italian elite gymnasts and their strong homogeneity, evident also from the low values of somatotype attitudinal mean (SAM).
  • The results emphasize the need for a specific somatotype to reach an elite level in sport and the need to integrate the somatotype analysis between the scientific instruments for selecting talent also in artistic gymnastics.
  • [MeSH-major] Anthropometry. Athletes. Gymnastics. Somatotypes

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  • (PMID = 24308228.001).
  • [ISSN] 0350-6134
  • [Journal-full-title] Collegium antropologicum
  • [ISO-abbreviation] Coll Antropol
  • [Language] eng
  • [Publication-type] Journal Article; Research Support, Non-U.S. Gov't
  • [Publication-country] Croatia
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20. |||||..... 48%  Almeida AH, Santos SA, Castro PJ, Rizzo JA, Batista GR: Somatotype analysis of physically active individuals. J Sports Med Phys Fitness; 2013 Jun;53(3):268-73
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  • [Title] Somatotype analysis of physically active individuals.
  • AIM: The present study aimed at comparing demographic variables, physical activity level, and health-related anthropometric indicators according to somatotype among physically active individuals.
  • Somatotypes were analyzed using the anthropometric technique proposed by Heath & Carter (1990).
  • We used as health-related anthropometric indicators: body mass index (BMI), waist circumference (WC), waist-hip ratio (WHR), and conicity index (CI).
  • RESULTS: In the somatotype analysis, we observed among women significant predominance of the endomorphy and lower predominance of the ectomorphy in comparison to men.
  • CONCLUSION: The somatotype of physically active individuals in the present study raises health concern, mainly related to high relative adiposity represented by endomorphy.
  • [MeSH-major] Motor Activity / physiology. Physical Fitness / physiology. Somatotypes / physiology
  • [MeSH-minor] Adult. Body Constitution / physiology. Cross-Sectional Studies. Female. Humans. Male. Middle Aged

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  • (PMID = 23715251.001).
  • [ISSN] 0022-4707
  • [Journal-full-title] The Journal of sports medicine and physical fitness
  • [ISO-abbreviation] J Sports Med Phys Fitness
  • [Language] eng
  • [Publication-type] Journal Article; Research Support, Non-U.S. Gov't
  • [Publication-country] Italy
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21. |||||..... 47%  Dixson BJ, Dixson AF, Bishop PJ, Parish A: Human physique and sexual attractiveness in men and women: a New Zealand-U.S. comparative study. Arch Sex Behav; 2010 Jun;39(3):798-806
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  • In Study 1, women in both countries rated mesomorphic (muscular) and average male somatotypes as most attractive, followed by ectomorphic (slim) and endomorphic (heavily built) figures.
  • [MeSH-major] Beauty. Sexual Behavior / psychology. Somatotypes / psychology

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  • (PMID = 19139985.001).
  • [ISSN] 1573-2800
  • [Journal-full-title] Archives of sexual behavior
  • [ISO-abbreviation] Arch Sex Behav
  • [Language] eng
  • [Publication-type] Comparative Study; Journal Article
  • [Publication-country] United States
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22. ||||...... 44%  Lucas T, Kumaratilake J, Henneberg M: The extent to which garments affect the assessment of body shapes of males from faceless CCTV images. Anthropol Anz; 2014;71(3):259-74
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  • [Source] The source of this record is MEDLINE®, a database of the U.S. National Library of Medicine.
  • [Title] The extent to which garments affect the assessment of body shapes of males from faceless CCTV images.
  • The images produced are of poor quality often face details are not visible, however expert witnesses in the field of biological anthropology use morphological descriptions of body shapes in an attempt to identify persons of interest.
  • Criminals commonly disguise their faces, but body shape characteristics can be used to distinguish a person of interest from others.
  • Garments may distort the body shape appearance, thus this study was undertaken to investigate the effects of garments on the description of body shape from CCTV images.
  • Twelve adult males representing a wide body shape range of Sheldonian somatotypes were photographed in identical garments comprising of tight fitting black shirt, horizontally striped shirt, padded leather jacket and in naked torso.
  • However, they matched somatotypes above random expectation.
  • Type of clothing produced little bias in somatotype matching; ectomorphic component of individuals wearing black shirts and padded jackets was overestimated and underestimated, respectively.
  • In conclusion, type of the wear had little effect in the description of individuals from CCTV images using the body shapes.

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  • (PMID = 25065119.001).
  • [ISSN] 0003-5548
  • [Journal-full-title] Anthropologischer Anzeiger; Bericht über die biologisch-anthropologische Literatur
  • [ISO-abbreviation] Anthropol Anz
  • [Language] eng
  • [Publication-type] Journal Article
  • [Publication-country] Germany
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23. ||||...... 42%  Fefelova IuA, Sokolova TA, Grebennikova VV, Kazakova TV, Nagirnaia LA, Skobeleva SIu: [Comparative analysis of the anthropometric parameters and body component content in girls with the disturbances of sexual development of chromosomal and non-chromosomal genesis]. Morfologiia; 2009;135(3):72-5
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  • [Title] [Comparative analysis of the anthropometric parameters and body component content in girls with the disturbances of sexual development of chromosomal and non-chromosomal genesis].
  • In girls with Shereshevsky-Turner syndrome, the body mass and length, as well as the relative adipose tissue content, were significantly decreased as compared with those in girls with the disturbances of sexual development of non-chromosomal genesis.
  • The differences in somatotype distribution between these groups were detected.
  • The majority of the girls with Shereshevsky-Turner syndrome with karyotype changes (monosomy of X-chromosome) had stenoplastic somatotype (70.6%).
  • Among the girls with amenorhhea of non-chromosomal genesis, the stenoplastic (33.3%) and subathletic somatotypes (33.3%) prevailed.
  • In both groups of girls with the disturbances in sexual maturation, the absence of athletic somatotype was noted.
  • [MeSH-major] Adipose Tissue / pathology. Amenorrhea / pathology. Body Height. Body Weight. Turner Syndrome / pathology

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  • (PMID = 19860335.001).
  • [ISSN] 1026-3543
  • [Journal-full-title] Morfologii͡a (Saint Petersburg, Russia)
  • [ISO-abbreviation] Morfologiia
  • [Language] rus
  • [Publication-type] Comparative Study; English Abstract; Journal Article
  • [Publication-country] Russia (Federation)
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24. ||||...... 39%  Baltadjiev AG, Baltadjiev GA, Kaleva NN: Somatotypological characteristics of children with type 1 diabetes mellitus. Folia Med (Plovdiv); 2009 Oct-Dec;51(4):29-33
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  • [Source] The source of this record is MEDLINE®, a database of the U.S. National Library of Medicine.
  • [Title] Somatotypological characteristics of children with type 1 diabetes mellitus.
  • INTRODUCTION: Human constitutional types are genetically predetermined and remains constant in their basic features.
  • The type could be changed to a certain extent by environmental factors, diseases and some other factors.
  • AIM: To define the somatotype of children with type 1 diabetes mellitus and compare it to the somatotype of healthy children.
  • PATIENTS AND METHODS: An anthropometrical study was performed in 71 boys and 69 girls with type 1 diabetes.
  • The anthropometric measures including weight, height, corrected contracted arm girth, medial calf girth, triceps brachii, subscapular and suprailiac skinfolds, biepicondylar humerus breadth and biepicondylar femur breadth were taken to determine the somatotype.
  • The somatotypes were determined according to Heath-Carter method (1967).
  • RESULTS: The diabetic boys aged 7 - 12 years presented with balanced mesomorph somatotype (endo 2.7-meso 4.8-ecto 2.3), while the healthy boys were with endomorphic mesomorph somatotype (3.4-5.2-2.7).
  • Both the diabetic and healthy boys aged 12-18 years presented with balanced mesomorph somatotype (3.1-4.2-3.5 and 3.4-5.0-3.2, respectively).
  • The somatotype of the diabetic girls aged 7-12 years was balanced mesomorph (3.0-4.2-2.8).
  • The diabetic girls aged 12-18 years were with mesomorphic endomorph somatotype (4.9-3.7-2.5) and the somatotype of the healthy girls was mesomorph endomorph (4.5-4.1-2.9).
  • [MeSH-major] Body Weights and Measures / methods. Diabetes Mellitus / physiopathology. Somatotypes / physiology


25. |||....... 32%  Martínez S, Pasquarelli BN, Romaguera D, Arasa C, Tauler P, Aguiló A: Anthropometric characteristics and nutritional profile of young amateur swimmers. J Strength Cond Res; 2011 Apr;25(4):1126-33
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  • [Source] The source of this record is MEDLINE®, a database of the U.S. National Library of Medicine.
  • Endomorphic somatotype was twofold greater in girls compared with in boys.
  • Energy intake and protein intake per kilogram of body weight were significantly greater in boys compared to in girls.
  • In conclusion, young swimmers participating in the present study had differences between sexes in somatotypes.

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  • (PMID = 20838252.001).
  • [ISSN] 1533-4287
  • [Journal-full-title] Journal of strength and conditioning research / National Strength & Conditioning Association
  • [ISO-abbreviation] J Strength Cond Res
  • [Language] eng
  • [Publication-type] Journal Article; Research Support, Non-U.S. Gov't
  • [Publication-country] United States
  • [Chemical-registry-number] 0 / Fatty Acids, Unsaturated; 1406-16-2 / Vitamin D; 36-88-4 / Carotenoids; 935E97BOY8 / Folic Acid
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26. |||....... 29%  Spieser L, Clijsen R, Rucker AM, Cabri J, Clarys P: [Anthropometry of the Swiss junior and elite judo national team - a descriptive study]. Sportverletz Sportschaden; 2012 Dec;26(4):199-203
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  • [Source] The source of this record is MEDLINE®, a database of the U.S. National Library of Medicine.
  • The following anthropometric measurements were made: body size, body weight, six skinfolds (SFT), two breadths, two circumferences, body fat (tanita scale, Durnin and Womersley method), BMI and determination of somatotypes.
  • RESULTS: The mean somatotype of male judoka was 2,2 ± 0,8 for the endomorphy, 6,0 ± 0,9 for the mesomorphy and 2,0 ± 0,7 for the ectomorphy.
  • The mean somatotype was balanced mesomorph.
  • The mean somatotype of female judoka was 3.7 ± 1.2 for the endomorphy, 4,9 ± 0,7 for the mesomorphy and 1,5 ± 0,3 for the ectomorphy.
  • The mean somatotype was mesomorphic endomorph.
  • [MeSH-major] Anthropometry. Athletic Performance / physiology. Body Height / physiology. Body Weight / physiology. Martial Arts / physiology. Muscle Strength / physiology. Physical Fitness / physiology

  • MedlinePlus Health Information. consumer health - Body Weight.
  • MedlinePlus Health Information. consumer health - Exercise and Physical Fitness.
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  • [Copyright] © Georg Thieme Verlag KG Stuttgart · New York.
  • (PMID = 23254771.001).
  • [ISSN] 1439-1236
  • [Journal-full-title] Sportverletzung Sportschaden : Organ der Gesellschaft für Orthopädisch-Traumatologische Sportmedizin
  • [ISO-abbreviation] Sportverletz Sportschaden
  • [Language] ger
  • [Publication-type] English Abstract; Journal Article
  • [Publication-country] Germany
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27. |||....... 26%  Cooper IF, Siadaty MS: 'Hormones' associated with 'Body Types': Top Publications. BioMedLib Review; Hormone;BodyTypes:705393624. ISSN: 2331-5717. 2014/4/28
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  • [Title] 'Hormones' associated with 'Body Types': Top Publications.
  • Background: There are articles published each month which present 'hormone' for 'body types'.
  • However these articles are spread across thousands of journals, and there are many types of 'hormone'.
  • Kakitsuba N et al: Individual variability in the core interthreshold zone as related to body physique, somatotype, and physical constitution.
  • McNally AK et al: Foreign body-type multinucleated giant cell formation is potently induced by alpha-tocopherol and prevented by the diacylglycerol kinase inhibitor R59022.
  • Impoinvil DE et al: Abundance of immature Anopheles and culicines (Diptera: Culicidae) in different water body types in the urban environment of Malindi, Kenya.
  • Takahashi H et al: Differential localization of tonoplast intrinsic proteins on the membrane of protein body Type II and aleurone grain in rice seeds.
  • Ross FA et al: Selective expression in carotid body type I cells of a single splice variant of the large conductance calcium- and voltage-activated potassium channel confers regulation by AMP-activated protein kinase.
  • Rebato E et al: Heritability of the somatotype components in Biscay families.
  • Mozumdar A et al: Somatotype of the individuals with lower extremity amputation and its association with cardiovascular risk.
  • Göring HD: ["It is the mind which builds the body" commemorating the 250th anniversary of Friedrich Schiller's birth].
  • Sterkowicz-Przybycień K: Body composition and somatotype of the elite of Polish fencers.
  • Gaur R et al: Sex, age and caste differences in somatotypes of Rajput and scheduled caste adolescents from the Sirmour District of Himachal Pradesh, India.

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  • [Copyright] Copyright 2014 Siadaty and Cooper; licensee BioMedLib LLC.
  • (UID = 705393624.001).
  • [ISSN] 2331-5717
  • [Journal-full-title] BioMedLib Review
  • [Language] eng
  • [Publication-type] Review
  • [Publication-country] UNITED STATES
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28. |||....... 26%  Cooper IF, Siadaty MS: 'Mammals' associated with 'Body Types': Top Publications. BioMedLib Review; Mammal;BodyTypes:705543792. ISSN: 2331-5717. 2014/11/25
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  • [Title] 'Mammals' associated with 'Body Types': Top Publications.
  • There are articles published each month which present 'Mammal' for 'body types'.
  • Cooper IF et al: 'Mammals' associated with 'Body Types': Top Publications.
  • Jenkins TC et al: Effect of diet, body type and sex on voluntary intake, energy balance and body composition of Zucker rats.
  • ARDEN GB: Types of response and organization of simple receptive fields in cells of the rabbits lateral geniculate body.
  • Kurochkin IuN et al: [Somatotypes and the productivity of female hamadryas baboons of reproductive age].
  • Hanson CM et al: Measurements of heart scores and heart weights in horses of two different morphic body types.
  • Riazi S et al: Sex and body-type interactions in the regulation of renal sodium transporter levels, urinary excretion, and activity in lean and obese Zucker rats.
  • Prevedello JA et al: Movement behaviour within and beyond perceptual ranges in three small mammals: effects of matrix type and body mass.
  • Sales MA et al: Effects of bovine cytochrome P450 single-nucleotide polymorphism, forage type and body condition on production traits in cattle.
  • Marino DJ: The effect of study type on body weight and tumor incidence in B6C3F1 mice fed the NTP-2000 diet.
  • GREEN EL et al: The relationship of skeletal type and body size in an inbred strain of mice.

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  • [Copyright] Copyright 2014 Siadaty and Cooper; licensee BioMedLib LLC.
  • (UID = 705543792.001).
  • [ISSN] 2331-5717
  • [Journal-full-title] BioMedLib Review
  • [Language] eng
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  • [Publication-country] UNITED STATES
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29. |||....... 25%  Fernández-López JR, Cámara J, Maldonado S, Rosique-Gracia J: The effect of morphological and functional variables on ranking position of professional junior Basque surfers. Eur J Sport Sci; 2013;13(5):461-7
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  • [Source] The source of this record is MEDLINE®, a database of the U.S. National Library of Medicine.
  • Anthropometrics were weight, height and sum of six skinfolds (subscapular, triceps, supraspinal, abdominal, anterior thigh and calf) and Heath-Carter anthropometric somatotypes.
  • Surfers shared a relative short stature and light weight, with a broader range of skinfold thickness (174.30, s=0.07 cm; 66.73, s=5.91 kg; 57.03, s=12.29 mm) and mean somatotype was ectomorphic-mesomorph: 2.20-4.36-3.09 (Category 2).

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  • (PMID = 24050462.001).
  • [ISSN] 1536-7290
  • [Journal-full-title] European journal of sport science
  • [ISO-abbreviation] Eur J Sport Sci
  • [Language] eng
  • [Publication-type] Journal Article
  • [Publication-country] England
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30. ||........ 23%  Rębacz-Maron E: Changes in the body build of students of the Maritime University of Szczecin in the years 1969-2007. Int Marit Health; 2013;64(1):12-7
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  • [Source] The source of this record is MEDLINE®, a database of the U.S. National Library of Medicine.
  • [Title] Changes in the body build of students of the Maritime University of Szczecin in the years 1969-2007.
  • BACKGROUND: Changes in the human body build over the last century refer to greater and greater body heightbut also to the "plague" of obesity in the period of the last 30 years.
  • Changes in the body build, particularly obesity, may interfere withthe selection of candidates for the profession of seaman in the near future.
  • AIM: The aim of this study is to characterise the body build of students of the Maritime University of Szczecin.The results of the author's own research from 2006 and 2007 were compared with those of similaranthropometric studies being published in the literature from previous years (1969-2007).
  • Anthropometric measurements (body height, body weight, andwaist, hip, and arm circumferences) were made in 2006 and 2007.
  • Based on these anthropometric data,the body mass index and the Rohrer's index were calculated.
  • RESULTS AND CONCLUSIONS: During the analysed years 1969-2007, the examined students of the MaritimeUniversity of Szczecin showed increasing body height and, worryingly, rising body weight and waist andhip circumferences.
  • One of the reasons for the changes in the body build is decreasing motoractivity.
  • [MeSH-major] Somatotypes
  • [MeSH-minor] Anthropometry. Body Height. Body Mass Index. Body Weight. Female. Humans. Male. Obesity, Abdominal / epidemiology. Overweight / epidemiology. Poland / epidemiology. Students / statistics & numerical data. Universities / statistics & numerical data. Waist Circumference. Young Adult

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  • (PMID = 23788160.001).
  • [ISSN] 2081-3252
  • [Journal-full-title] International maritime health
  • [ISO-abbreviation] Int Marit Health
  • [Language] eng
  • [Publication-type] Journal Article
  • [Publication-country] Poland
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31. ||........ 23%  Cooper IF, Siadaty MS: 'Organism Attributes' associated with 'Anthropometry': Top Publications. BioMedLib Review; OrganismAttribute;Anthropometry:706213312. ISSN: 2331-5717. 2014/6/24
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  • de Mateo Silleras B et al: [Effect of refeeding on the body composition of females with restrictive anorexia nervosa; anthropometry versus bioelectrical impedance].
  • Fukunaga Y et al: Influence of maturation on anthropometry and body composition in Japanese junior high school students.
  • Rohin MA et al: Anthropometry and body composition status during Ramadan among higher institution learning centre staffs with different body weight status.
  • Soares V et al: Body composition of chronic renal patients: anthropometry and bioimpedance vector analysis.
  • Liiv H et al: Anthropometry and somatotypes of competitive DanceSport participants: a comparison of three different styles.
  • Olds T et al: Somatotyping using 3D anthropometry: a cluster analysis.

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  • (UID = 706213312.001).
  • [ISSN] 2331-5717
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  • [Language] eng
  • [Publication-type] Review
  • [Publication-country] UNITED STATES
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32. ||........ 23%  Cooper IF, Siadaty MS: 'Age Groups' associated with 'Basque': Top Publications. BioMedLib Review; AgeGroup;Basque:706369804. ISSN: 2331-5717. 2014/4/26
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  • Muñoz-Cachón MJ et al: Body shape in relation to socio-economic status in young adults from the basque Country.
  • Rebato E et al: Somatotypes of 14 to 19 years old urban boys and girls from Bilbao (Basque Country).

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  • [Copyright] Copyright 2014 Siadaty and Cooper; licensee BioMedLib LLC.
  • (UID = 706369804.001).
  • [ISSN] 2331-5717
  • [Journal-full-title] BioMedLib Review
  • [Language] eng
  • [Publication-type] Review
  • [Publication-country] UNITED STATES
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33. ||........ 23%  Cooper IF, Siadaty MS: 'Organism Attributes' associated with 'Heart Ventricle': Top Publications. BioMedLib Review; OrganismAttribute;HeartVentricle:706286040. ISSN: 2331-5717. 2014/3/25
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  • Seebaluck Sh et al: [Echocardiographic characteristics of the left heart ventricle in people with different somatotypes].
  • Kharin SN et al: [Time correlation of the cardiac electric field on the body surface and depolarization sequences in the pigeon heart ventricle epicardium].

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  • [Copyright] Copyright 2014 Siadaty and Cooper; licensee BioMedLib LLC.
  • (UID = 706286040.001).
  • [ISSN] 2331-5717
  • [Journal-full-title] BioMedLib Review
  • [Language] eng
  • [Publication-type] Review
  • [Publication-country] UNITED STATES
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34. ||........ 23%  Cooper IF, Siadaty MS: 'Quantitative Concepts' associated with 'Anthropometry': Top Publications. BioMedLib Review; QuantitativeConcept;Anthropometry:706225144. ISSN: 2331-5717. 2014/10/24
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  • Liiv H et al: Anthropometry and somatotypes of competitive DanceSport participants: a comparison of three different styles.

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  • [Copyright] Copyright 2014 Siadaty and Cooper; licensee BioMedLib LLC.
  • (UID = 706225144.001).
  • [ISSN] 2331-5717
  • [Journal-full-title] BioMedLib Review
  • [Language] eng
  • [Publication-type] Review
  • [Publication-country] UNITED STATES
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35. ||........ 23%  Cooper IF, Siadaty MS: 'Qualitative Concepts' associated with 'Body Constitution': Top Publications. BioMedLib Review; QualitativeConcept;BodyConstitution:706223906. ISSN: 2331-5717. 2014/12/24
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  • [Title] 'Qualitative Concepts' associated with 'Body Constitution': Top Publications.
  • There are articles published each month which present 'Qualitative Concept' for 'body constitution'.
  • Cooper IF et al: 'Steroids' associated with 'Body Constitution': Top Publications.
  • Chandola HM et al: Variations in the progenesis of maturity onset diabetes according to body constitution.
  • Jernström H et al: Breast size in relation to endogenous hormone levels, body constitution, and oral contraceptive use in healthy nulligravid women aged 19-25 years.
  • Poliszczuk T et al: [Somatic constitution and the ability to maintain dynamic body equilibrium in girls practicing rhythmic gymnastics].
  • Sonoda K et al: Anthocyanin-rich Aronia melanocarpa extract improves body temperature maintenance in healthy women with a cold constitution.
  • Liu W et al: [Study on relations between characteristics of traditional chinese medicine body constitutions and syndromes in COPD patients].
  • Vikhruk TI et al: [Characteristics of body constitution and their relations to success in learning].
  • Kaplan MA et al: [Body constitution of patients of different somatotypes with hypertension].
  • Makhmudov ZA: [Superior mesenteric lymph nodes in adult humans of different body constitution types].
  • Torres K et al: The body constitution of patients and intubation scales as predictors of difficult intubation considered in relation to the experience of the intubator.

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  • [Copyright] Copyright 2014 Siadaty and Cooper; licensee BioMedLib LLC.
  • (UID = 706223906.001).
  • [ISSN] 2331-5717
  • [Journal-full-title] BioMedLib Review
  • [Language] eng
  • [Publication-type] Review
  • [Publication-country] UNITED STATES
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36. ||........ 23%  Cooper IF, Siadaty MS: 'Fully Formed Anatomical Structures' associated with 'Bodies Image': Top Publications. BioMedLib Review; FullyFormedAnatomical;BodiesImage:706186331. ISSN: 2331-5717. 2014/9/24
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  • Murray SB et al: Masculinity and femininity in the divergence of male body image concerns.
  • Shen W et al: Total body skeletal muscle and adipose tissue volumes: estimation from a single abdominal cross-sectional image.
  • Monteath SA et al: The influence of societal factors on female body image.
  • Grammas DL et al: Internalization of messages from society and perfectionism as predictors of male body image.
  • Pope HG Jr et al: Evolving ideals of male body image as seen through action toys.
  • Yang CF et al: Male body image in Taiwan versus the West: Yanggang Zhiqi meets the Adonis complex.
  • Spillman DM et al: Somatotypes revisited: have the media changed our perception of the female body image?.
  • Boyes AD et al: Male and female body image and dieting in the context of intimate relationships.
  • Edwards S et al: Investigating muscularity concerns in male body image: development of the Swansea Muscularity Attitudes Questionnaire.
  • Crouch A et al: Influence of female body images in printed advertising on self-ratings of physical attractiveness by adolescent girls.

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  • [Copyright] Copyright 2014 Siadaty and Cooper; licensee BioMedLib LLC.
  • (UID = 706186331.001).
  • [ISSN] 2331-5717
  • [Journal-full-title] BioMedLib Review
  • [Language] eng
  • [Publication-type] Review
  • [Publication-country] UNITED STATES
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37. ||........ 23%  Cooper IF, Siadaty MS: 'Age Groups' associated with 'Caste': Top Publications. BioMedLib Review; AgeGroup;Caste:706076797. ISSN: 2331-5717. 2014/11/22
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  • Gaur R et al: Sex, age and caste differences in somatotypes of Rajput and scheduled caste adolescents from the Sirmour District of Himachal Pradesh, India.

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  • [Copyright] Copyright 2014 Siadaty and Cooper; licensee BioMedLib LLC.
  • (UID = 706076797.001).
  • [ISSN] 2331-5717
  • [Journal-full-title] BioMedLib Review
  • [Language] eng
  • [Publication-type] Review
  • [Publication-country] UNITED STATES
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38. ||........ 23%  Cooper IF, Siadaty MS: 'Organism Attributes' associated with 'Aerobic': Top Publications. BioMedLib Review; OrganismAttribute;Aerobic:706018481. ISSN: 2331-5717. 2014/1/20
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  • Sanal E et al: Effects of aerobic or combined aerobic resistance exercise on body composition in overweight and obese adults: gender differences. A randomized intervention study.
  • Liiv H et al: Anthropometry, somatotypes, and aerobic power in ballet, contemporary dance, and dancesport.

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  • (UID = 706018481.001).
  • [ISSN] 2331-5717
  • [Journal-full-title] BioMedLib Review
  • [Language] eng
  • [Publication-type] Review
  • [Publication-country] UNITED STATES
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39. ||........ 22%  Cooper IF, Siadaty MS: 'Diagnostic Procedures' associated with 'Body Types': Top Publications. BioMedLib Review; DiagnosticProcedure;BodyTypes:705245347. ISSN: 2331-5717. 2014/3/25
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  • [Title] 'Diagnostic Procedures' associated with 'Body Types': Top Publications.
  • There are articles published each month which present 'Diagnostic Procedure' for 'body types'.
  • Cooper IF et al: 'Diagnostic Procedures' associated with 'Body Types': Top Publications.
  • Thorland WG et al: Estimation of minimal wrestling weight using measures of body build and body composition.
  • Brenner JF et al: The measurement of body fat distribution using somatotype photographs and computer-assisted imaging techniques.
  • Sánchez-Andrés A: Genetic and environmental influences on somatotype components: family study in a Spanish population.
  • Ito A et al: [Examination of various vectorcardiography lead methods by body types with the use of body models of male and female adults and children].
  • Audran M et al: [Study of the density of vertebral bones by dichromatic photon absorptiometry. Influence of age, sex, menopause and body type].
  • SPAIN DM et al: Observations on atherosclerosis of the coronary arteries in males under the age of 46; a necropsy study with special reference to somatotypes.
  • STEINWACHS F et al: [The relation of precision motoricity to phase of puberal development and maturation; a combined medicopsychological aptitude test based on an examination of body type and development together with an evaluation of improved writing and grip pressure tests].
  • Cai W et al: Tumor burden in patients with neurofibromatosis types 1 and 2 and schwannomatosis: determination on whole-body MR images.
  • Swaine IL et al: Comparison of cardiopulmonary responses to two types of dry-land upper-body exercise testing modes in competitive swimmers.

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  • (UID = 705245347.001).
  • [ISSN] 2331-5717
  • [Journal-full-title] BioMedLib Review
  • [Language] eng
  • [Publication-type] Review
  • [Publication-country] UNITED STATES
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40. ||........ 22%  Cooper IF, Siadaty MS: 'Therapeutic or Preventive Procedures' associated with 'Body Types': Top Publications. BioMedLib Review; TherapeuticOrPreventive;BodyTypes:705302257. ISSN: 2331-5717. 2014/4/27
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  • [Title] 'Therapeutic or Preventive Procedures' associated with 'Body Types': Top Publications.
  • Background: There are articles published each month which present 'therapeutic or preventive procedure' for 'body types'.
  • However these articles are spread across thousands of journals, and there are many types of 'therapeutic or preventive procedure'.
  • Rome LC et al: Maximum velocity of shortening of three fibre types from horse soleus muscle: implications for scaling with body size.
  • Trakhtenbroit MA et al: Body weight, insulin resistance, and serum adipokine levels 2 years after 2 types of bariatric surgery.
  • Fine L et al: Foreign body-type reaction following crown cementation.
  • Pardee S et al: The influence of resistive exercise on somatotype and selected skinfolds in college women.
  • Kovalcíková J et al: [Anthropometric characteristics and somatotypes of active pregnant athletes during psychosomatic preparation for childbirth].
  • Dietz UA et al: An alternative classification of incisional hernias enlisting morphology, body type and risk factors in the assessment of prognosis and tailoring of surgical technique.
  • Nakai A: [Habilitation for handicapped children reconsidered: the body builds the brain, and the movement constructs the mind in the environment].
  • Ridola C: [Frequency distribution of excess weight and comparative results of somatotype aspects over a period of 8 years. Studies made in young Sicilian subjects].
  • Szymański W: [Humoral response of the body in various types of bronchial asthma in relation to drug therapy, respiratory tract infection and clinical state of the patients].
  • He YM: [On the theory that fat persons are subject to a deficiency of yang and phlegm while thin persons to deficiency of yin and vigorous fire--a study of the relation between body type and health status in 1257 cases].

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  • [Copyright] Copyright 2014 Siadaty and Cooper; licensee BioMedLib LLC.
  • (UID = 705302257.001).
  • [ISSN] 2331-5717
  • [Journal-full-title] BioMedLib Review
  • [Language] eng
  • [Publication-type] Review
  • [Publication-country] UNITED STATES
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41. ||........ 20%  Cooper IF, Siadaty MS: 'Body Substances' associated with 'Body Types': Top Publications. BioMedLib Review; BodySubstance;BodyTypes:706277080. ISSN: 2331-5717. 2014/6/25
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  • [Title] 'Body Substances' associated with 'Body Types': Top Publications.
  • There are articles published each month which present 'Body Substance' for 'body types'.
  • Impoinvil DE et al: Abundance of immature Anopheles and culicines (Diptera: Culicidae) in different water body types in the urban environment of Malindi, Kenya.
  • WENNESLAND R et al: Red cell, plasma and blood volume in healthy men measured by radiochromium (Cr51) cell tagging and hematocrit: influence of age, somatotype and habits of physical activity on the variance after regression of volumes to height and weight combined.
  • Einarsson K et al: Bile acid kinetics in relation to sex, serum lipids, body weights, and gallbladder disease in patients with various types of hyperlipoproteinemia;.
  • Rypel AL et al: Mercury in southeastern U.S. riverine fish populations linked to water body type.
  • Fefelova IuA: [The change in lipoid spectrum in blood serum in girls of different somatotypes after meals].
  • Spitsyn VA et al: [Effects of genetic polymorphism of phosphoglucomutase identifiable in human milk (PGM4 locus) on the somatotype of the newborn and reproductive function of women].
  • Nakamura Y: [Influences of hardness of heavy-body-type silicone impression materials on dimensional accuracy of stone dies].
  • He YM: [On the theory that fat persons are subject to a deficiency of yang and phlegm while thin persons to deficiency of yin and vigorous fire--a study of the relation between body type and health status in 1257 cases].
  • Nagasaka M: [Symposium on pathophysiology of congestive heart failure. 6. A simulation study of Na metobolism. Three types of body fluid volume regulation (author's transl)].

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42. ||........ 20%  Cooper IF, Siadaty MS: 'Laboratory or Test Results' associated with 'Childhood Early': Top Publications. BioMedLib Review; LaboratoryOrTest;ChildhoodEarly:706352601. ISSN: 2331-5717. 2014/2/26
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  • Kornev MA et al: [Effect of different somatotypes on the intensity of changes of indices of height and body mass during early childhood].

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  • (UID = 706352601.001).
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  • [Language] eng
  • [Publication-type] Review
  • [Publication-country] UNITED STATES
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43. ||........ 19%  Mladenova S, Nikolova M, Andreenko E, Boyadjiev D: Somatotypological characterization of Bulgarian children and adolescents (Smolyan region). Coll Antropol; 2010 Sep;34(3):963-71
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  • [Source] The source of this record is MEDLINE®, a database of the U.S. National Library of Medicine.
  • These anthropometrical measurements were required for determining three Heath-Carter anthropometric somatotype components.
  • The results show specific age- and sex-related changes in somatotype characters, mean somatotype and inter-sex differences between values of somatotype components of both sexes.
  • [MeSH-major] Somatotypes

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  • (PMID = 20977090.001).
  • [ISSN] 0350-6134
  • [Journal-full-title] Collegium antropologicum
  • [ISO-abbreviation] Coll Antropol
  • [Language] eng
  • [Publication-type] Journal Article
  • [Publication-country] Croatia
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44. ||........ 17%  Lizana Arce P, Almagiâ Flores A, Simpson Lelievre C, Ivanovic Marincovic D, Binvignat Gutiérrez O, Berral de la Rosa F: Changes of somatotype in high school students, V region, Chile: 1985-2010. Nutr Hosp; 2012 Jan-Feb;27(1):270-5
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  • [Source] The source of this record is MEDLINE®, a database of the U.S. National Library of Medicine.
  • [Title] Changes of somatotype in high school students, V region, Chile: 1985-2010.
  • OBJECTIVE: To determine the trend of high school students from Valparaíso Chile by means of an anthropometrical somatotype.
  • Somatotype was estimated by the Heath-Carter anthropometric method.
  • RESULTS: significant differences were found in all the variables of the somatotype during the periods studied (p < 0.01), except for height (p = 0.176) and humeral breadth in women (p = 0.067).
  • CONCLUSIONS: the somatotype of the adolescent population, especially women in Valparaiso, Chile has changed to a predominant endomorphic biotype, and its mesomorphic component has decreased.
  • [MeSH-major] Somatotypes / physiology
  • [MeSH-minor] Adiposity / physiology. Adolescent. Anthropometry. Arm / anatomy & histology. Body Height / physiology. Body Weight / physiology. Chile / epidemiology. Female. Humans. Leg / anatomy & histology. Male. Sex Characteristics. Skinfold Thickness. Students

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  • (PMID = 22566333.001).
  • [ISSN] 1699-5198
  • [Journal-full-title] Nutrición hospitalaria
  • [ISO-abbreviation] Nutr Hosp
  • [Language] eng
  • [Publication-type] Journal Article; Research Support, Non-U.S. Gov't
  • [Publication-country] Spain
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45. |......... 15%  Pupka A, Sikora J, Mauricz J, Kałuza G, Płonek T: [The usage of silicone breast implants in the women bodybuilder]. Polim Med; 2009;39(2):65-9
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  • [Source] The source of this record is MEDLINE®, a database of the U.S. National Library of Medicine.
  • [MeSH-major] Breast Implants. Somatotypes. Sports

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  • (PMID = 19708502.001).
  • [ISSN] 0370-0747
  • [Journal-full-title] Polimery w medycynie
  • [ISO-abbreviation] Polim Med
  • [Language] pol
  • [Publication-type] English Abstract; Journal Article
  • [Publication-country] Poland
  • [Chemical-registry-number] 0 / Silicone Gels
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46. |......... 14%  Holbrook C, Fessler DM: Sizing up the threat: the envisioned physical formidability of terrorists tracks their leaders' failures and successes. Cognition; 2013 Apr;127(1):46-56
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  • [Source] The source of this record is MEDLINE®, a database of the U.S. National Library of Medicine.
  • [MeSH-major] Conflict (Psychology). Leadership. Social Perception. Somatotypes / psychology

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  • [Copyright] Copyright © 2012 Elsevier B.V. All rights reserved.
  • [ErratumIn] Cognition. 2013 Apr;127(1):147
  • (PMID = 23333835.001).
  • [ISSN] 1873-7838
  • [Journal-full-title] Cognition
  • [ISO-abbreviation] Cognition
  • [Language] eng
  • [Publication-type] Journal Article; Research Support, U.S. Gov't, Non-P.H.S.
  • [Publication-country] Netherlands
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47. |......... 13%  Cavala M, Trninić V, Jasić D, Tomljanović M: The influence of somatotype components and personality traits on the playing position and the quality of top Croatian female cadet handball players. Coll Antropol; 2013 May;37 Suppl 2:93-100
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  • [Source] The source of this record is MEDLINE®, a database of the U.S. National Library of Medicine.
  • [Title] The influence of somatotype components and personality traits on the playing position and the quality of top Croatian female cadet handball players.
  • The variance analysis showed no statistically significant differences of somatotype variables with relation to quality and playing position.
  • [MeSH-major] Athletic Performance / physiology. Athletic Performance / psychology. Racquet Sports / physiology. Racquet Sports / psychology. Somatotypes / physiology. Somatotypes / psychology
  • [MeSH-minor] Adolescent. Anthropometry. Body Composition. Croatia. Female. Humans. Personality / physiology

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  • (PMID = 23914494.001).
  • [ISSN] 0350-6134
  • [Journal-full-title] Collegium antropologicum
  • [ISO-abbreviation] Coll Antropol
  • [Language] eng
  • [Publication-type] Journal Article; Research Support, Non-U.S. Gov't
  • [Publication-country] Croatia
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48. |......... 13%  Baltadjiev AG: Somatotype characteristics of male patients with type 2 diabetes mellitus. Folia Med (Plovdiv); 2012 Apr-Jun;54(2):40-5
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  • [Source] The source of this record is MEDLINE®, a database of the U.S. National Library of Medicine.
  • [Title] Somatotype characteristics of male patients with type 2 diabetes mellitus.
  • INTRODUCTION: Type 2 diabetes is a metabolic disorder and as such it no doubt affects the components of somatotype of diabetics.
  • AIM: The aim of this study was to determine the somatotype of males with type 2 diabetes.
  • PATIENTS AND METHODS: In the study we assessed anthropometrically 169 male patients with type 2 diabetes.
  • Measurements obtained directly were height, body weight, biepicondylar breadth of humerus, biepicondylar breadth of femur, relaxed upper arm circumference, contracted upper arm circumference, forearm circumference, waist circumference, hip circumference, thigh circumference, calf circumference.
  • Calculated parameters: Heath-Carter anthropometric somatotype components.
  • RESULTS: Mean somatotype of 40-60-year-old male diabetics was endomorphic mesomorph (endo-mesomorph), (endo 5.03; meso 6.57; ecto 2.01).
  • Mean somatotype 61-80-year-old diabetic males was endomorphic mesomorph (endo-mesomorph), (endo 4.14; meso 5.88; ecto 1.64).
  • The between-age comparison showed the somatotype in both age groups of diabetic males to be endomorphic mesomorph.
  • The differences in the ratings of the somatotype components were of high statistical significance (P < 0.001).
  • The mesomorphy and endomorphy ratings in patients with type 2 diabetes aged 40-60 years were greater than those of patients aged 61-80 years with the difference reaching statistical significance (P < 0.001).
  • CONCLUSIONS: Both age groups of male diabetics presented with endomorphic mesomorph somatotype.
  • The somatotype of Bulgarian diabetic males (endomorphic mesomorph) is more favourable with regard to the risk, course and prognosis of the disease.
  • [MeSH-major] Diabetes Mellitus, Type 2 / physiopathology. Somatotypes


49. |......... 13%  Fornal-Urban A, Keska A, Dobosz J, Nowacka-Dobosz S: [Physical fitness in relation to age and body build of young chess players]. Pediatr Endocrinol Diabetes Metab; 2009;15(3):177-82
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  • [Source] The source of this record is MEDLINE®, a database of the U.S. National Library of Medicine.
  • [Title] [Physical fitness in relation to age and body build of young chess players].
  • The aim of the study was evaluation of physical fitness and its relationship with age and body build of athletes.
  • Because of changes in body build with age and decrease of physical fitness, chess players ought to participate in regular physical activity.
  • [MeSH-major] Hobbies. Physical Fitness / physiology. Sedentary Lifestyle. Somatotypes / physiology

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  • (PMID = 20384179.001).
  • [ISSN] 2081-237X
  • [Journal-full-title] Pediatric endocrinology, diabetes, and metabolism
  • [ISO-abbreviation] Pediatr Endocrinol Diabetes Metab
  • [Language] pol
  • [Publication-type] English Abstract; Journal Article
  • [Publication-country] Poland
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50. |......... 12%  Baltadjiev AG: Somatotype characteristics of female patients with type 2 diabetes mellitus. Folia Med (Plovdiv); 2013 Jan-Mar;55(1):64-9
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  • [Source] The source of this record is MEDLINE®, a database of the U.S. National Library of Medicine.
  • [Title] Somatotype characteristics of female patients with type 2 diabetes mellitus.
  • The AIM of the present study was to determine the somatotype of females patients with type 2 diabetes mellitus.
  • MATERIAL AND METHODS: Two-hundreds and twelve female patients with type 2 diabetes mellitus were measured.
  • Measurements obtained directly were height, body weight, biepicondylar width of humerus, biepicondylar width of femur, arm circumference in relaxed state, arm circumference in contracted state, and calf circumference.
  • Parameters calculated: the components of the Heath-Carter anthrpometric somatotype.
  • RESULTS: The mean somatotype of 40-60-year-old female diabetics was mesomorph endomorph, (meso 6.09; endo 6.59; ecto 1.57).
  • The mean somatotype of 40-60-year-old female controls was mesomorphic endomorph (meso 5.65; endo 6.82; ecto 2.75).
  • The mean somatotype of 61-80-year-old diabetic females was endomorphic mesomorph (endo-mesomorph), (meso 9.41; endo 5.39; ecto 1.55).
  • The mean somatotype of 61-80-year-old female controls was mesomorph-endomorph (meso 6.70; endo 6.66; ecto 2.95).
  • CONCLUSION: The mean somatotype of diabetic females aged 40-60 years is mesomoph-endomorph; it differs from the mesomorphic mesomorph somatotype of the control subjects, Endomorphy and mesomorphy dominate clearly, and ectomorphy significantly lags behind.
  • The mean somatotype of diabetic women aged 60-80 years was endomorphic mesomorphy with the mesomorphy component leading.
  • It differed from the somatotype of the controls, where mesomorphy and endomorphy scored equally (mesomorph-endomorph).
  • The somatotype of female diabetics suggests that they have a relatively massive skeleton with well-developed muscles and greater body weight relative to height.
  • The somatotype of the Bulgarian diabetic females is more favorable on the risk, course and prognosis of the disease.
  • [MeSH-major] Diabetes Mellitus, Type 2 / physiopathology. Somatotypes


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