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1. Biomedical articles (top 50; 2009 to 2014)
1. ||||||.... 58%  Pailhez G, Rodríguez A, Ariza J, Palomo AL, Bulbena A: [Somatotype and schizophrenia. A case-control study]. Actas Esp Psiquiatr; 2009 Sep-Oct;37(5):258-66
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  • [Source] The source of this record is MEDLINE®, a database of the U.S. National Library of Medicine.
  • [Title] [Somatotype and schizophrenia. A case-control study].
  • [Transliterated title] Somatotipo y esquizofrenia. Un estudio caso-control.
  • AIMS: To compare somatotypes of schizophrenic patients and healthy controls and to examine some associations between somatic (joint mobility, somatotype) and psychopathological (anxiety, clinical seriousness and schizophrenic types) features.
  • Heath-Carter method and 5 questions to detect joint hypermobility were used to assess both somatotype and joint hypermobility.
  • RESULTS: There were no statistically significant differences between mean somatotype groups (cases: 4(1/2) 5(1/2) 1(1/2); controls: 5 - 5 - 1(1/2)).
  • Somatotype means of paranoid and disorganized types were significantly more homogeneous (with greater values of ectomorphism) than undifferentiated type [X2 = 6.61; gl = 2; p = 0.037].
  • [MeSH-major] Schizophrenia. Somatotypes

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  • (PMID = 19960384.001).
  • [ISSN] 1139-9287
  • [Journal-full-title] Actas españolas de psiquiatría
  • [ISO-abbreviation] Actas Esp Psiquiatr
  • [Language] spa
  • [Publication-type] English Abstract; Journal Article
  • [Publication-country] Spain
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2. |||||..... 49%  Poliszczuk T, Broda D: [Somatic constitution and the ability to maintain dynamic body equilibrium in girls practicing rhythmic gymnastics]. Pediatr Endocrinol Diabetes Metab; 2010;16(2):94-9
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  • [Title] [Somatic constitution and the ability to maintain dynamic body equilibrium in girls practicing rhythmic gymnastics].
  • INTRODUCTION: The greatest similarities in body constitution were noted in competitors practising the same discipline.
  • A typical body constitution for a given discipline not only favourably affects athletic performance, but is also the factor preventing sportsrelated contusions.
  • The ability to maintain body equilibrium, together with somatic constitution, are the basic selective criteria in rhythmic gymnastics.
  • AIM OF THE STUDY: The objective of this paper was to determine somatotypes, to evaluate the ability to maintain dynamic body equilibrium in girls practicing rhythmic gymnastics and to develop model characteristics enabling early diagnosis of the disorders equilibrium system function.
  • For the evaluation of the competitors' somatotypes, the Heath-Carter method was used, based on the classic concept of Sheldon's body constitution components.
  • Body equilibrium level was evaluated by means of posturography.
  • The mean body mass index (BMI) value for this cohort was 15.32, which means advanced slimness.
  • CONCLUSION: Body constitution type in the qualified gymnasts is characterised by the prevalence of the ectomorphic component.
  • The poorest result was found when the gymnasts bent in the backward direction as this body position is most difficult to assume and to maintain body equilibrium as compared to all other directions.
  • [MeSH-major] Body Constitution / physiology. Gymnastics / physiology. Postural Balance / physiology. Somatotypes / physiology

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  • (PMID = 20813086.001).
  • [ISSN] 2081-237X
  • [Journal-full-title] Pediatric endocrinology, diabetes, and metabolism
  • [ISO-abbreviation] Pediatr Endocrinol Diabetes Metab
  • [Language] eng
  • [Publication-type] Journal Article
  • [Publication-country] Poland
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3. ||||...... 39%  Yeung EH, Hu FB, Solomon CG, Chen L, Louis GM, Schisterman E, Willett WC, Zhang C: Life-course weight characteristics and the risk of gestational diabetes. Diabetologia; 2010 Apr;53(4):668-78
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  • [Source] The source of this record is MEDLINE®, a database of the U.S. National Library of Medicine.
  • METHODS: We investigated the joint and independent impact of birthweight, childhood size by somatotypes, adolescent and adult BMI, and abdominal adiposity on gestational diabetes mellitus risk among the 21,647 women in the Nurses' Health Study II who reported a singleton pregnancy between 1989 and 2001.
  • Childhood somatotypes at ages 5 and 10 years were not associated with risk.
  • U-shaped associations were found for BMI at age 18 years and somatotype at age 20 years.
  • [MeSH-major] Body Weight / physiology. Diabetes, Gestational / epidemiology. Weight Gain / physiology

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  • (PMID = 20043144.001).
  • [ISSN] 1432-0428
  • [Journal-full-title] Diabetologia
  • [ISO-abbreviation] Diabetologia
  • [Language] eng
  • [Grant] United States / NCI NIH HHS / CA / CA50385; United States / NIDDK NIH HHS / DK / DK58845; United States / NICHD NIH HHS / HD / Z99 HD999999
  • [Publication-type] Journal Article; Research Support, N.I.H., Extramural; Research Support, N.I.H., Intramural
  • [Publication-country] Germany
  • [Other-IDs] NLM/ NIHMS209316; NLM/ PMC2901841
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4. ||||...... 36%  Sterkowicz-Przybycień KL, Sterkowicz S, Zarów RT: Somatotype, body composition and proportionality in polish top greco-roman wrestlers. J Hum Kinet; 2011 Jun;28:141-54
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  • [Title] Somatotype, body composition and proportionality in polish top greco-roman wrestlers.
  • The objective of the paper was to determine body composition and somatotype of male Greco-Roman wrestlers grouped by different weight categories and level of competition.
  • An experienced evaluator performed 10 measurements necessary to designate Heath-Carter somatotypes and additional skinfolds to estimate the percentage of body fat and body composition.
  • When compared with untrained subjects, wrestlers exhibited higher body mass (81.8 vs. 72.1 kg, t=3.15, p<0.01) and lower height-weight ratio (40.50 vs. 43.21, t=13.5, p<0.001).
  • Wrestlers' somatotypes differed from those of untrained subjects (2.0-6.6-1.2 vs. 3.7-4.3-3.1).
  • In conclusion, body build and composition in wrestlers depend on their weight category.
  • In heavier categories, characteristic type is endomorph-mesomorph, whereas lighter weight categories are dominated by balanced mesomorph.
  • A considerable difference in endomorphy and indices of body composition can also be observed.

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  • (PMID = 23486846.001).
  • [ISSN] 1640-5544
  • [Journal-full-title] Journal of human kinetics
  • [ISO-abbreviation] J Hum Kinet
  • [Language] eng
  • [Publication-type] Journal Article
  • [Publication-country] Poland
  • [Other-IDs] NLM/ PMC3592107
  • [Keywords] NOTNLM ; ectomorphy / endomorphy / mesomorphy / sports level / wrestling
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5. |||....... 35%  Yeung EH, Zhang C, Louis GM, Willett WC, Hu FB: Childhood size and life course weight characteristics in association with the risk of incident type 2 diabetes. Diabetes Care; 2010 Jun;33(6):1364-9
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  • [Source] The source of this record is MEDLINE®, a database of the U.S. National Library of Medicine.
  • [Title] Childhood size and life course weight characteristics in association with the risk of incident type 2 diabetes.
  • OBJECTIVE: To determine how childhood overweight, in conjunction with other life course weight characteristics, relates to the development of type 2 diabetes in adulthood.
  • RESEARCH DESIGN AND METHODS: Among 109,172 women in the Nurses' Health Study II, body fatness at ages 5, 10, and 20 years was assessed by recall using 9-level pictorial diagrams (somatotypes) representing extreme thinness (category 1) to obesity (category 9).
  • Self-reported cases of type 2 diabetes were confirmed by supplementary questionnaire.
  • RESULTS: Somatotypes at ages 5 and 10 years were positively associated with diabetes risk (P(trend) < 0.0001).
  • The adjusted relative risk (RR) of women with somatotype >or=6 (vs. 2) at age 5 years was 2.19 (95% CI 1.79-2.67) and at age 10 years was 2.57 (2.20-3.01).
  • Increases in size by somatotype or by weight gain since age 18 were associated with increased risk.
  • The adjusted RR was 15.10 (13.21-17.26) for women who were also overweight at age 10 (somatotype >or=5) and 18 (BMI >25 kg/m(2)).
  • CONCLUSIONS: Increased body size starting from childhood is associated with a greater risk of diabetes in adulthood.
  • [MeSH-major] Body Size. Body Weight. Diabetes Mellitus, Type 2 / epidemiology

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  • (PMID = 20215459.001).
  • [ISSN] 1935-5548
  • [Journal-full-title] Diabetes care
  • [ISO-abbreviation] Diabetes Care
  • [Language] eng
  • [Grant] United States / NCI NIH HHS / CA / CA50385; United States / NIDDK NIH HHS / DK / DK58845
  • [Publication-type] Journal Article; Research Support, N.I.H., Extramural
  • [Publication-country] United States
  • [Other-IDs] NLM/ PMC2875455
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6. |||....... 32%  Poole EM, Tworoger SS, Hankinson SE, Baer HJ: Genetic variability in IGF-1 and IGFBP-3 and body size in early life. BMC Public Health; 2012;12:659
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  • [Title] Genetic variability in IGF-1 and IGFBP-3 and body size in early life.
  • BACKGROUND: Early life body size and circulating levels of IGF-1 and IGFBP-3 have been linked to increased risks of breast and other cancers, but it is unclear whether these exposures act through a common mechanism.
  • Previous studies have examined the role of IGF-1 and IGFBP-3 genetic variation in relation to adult height and body size, but few studies have examined associations with birthweight and childhood size.
  • METHODS: We examined whether htSNPs in IGF-1 and the IGFBP-1/IGFBP-3 gene region are associated with the self-reported outcomes of birthweight, body fatness at ages 5 and 10, and body mass index (BMI) at age 18 among healthy women from the Nurses' Health Study (NHS) and NHSII.
  • We used ordinal logistic regression to model odds ratios (ORs) and 95% confidence intervals (CI) of a one category increase for birthweight and somatotypes at ages 5 and 10.
  • RESULTS: Among 4567 healthy women in NHS and NHSII, we observed no association between common IGF-1 or IGFBP-1/IGFBP-3 SNPs and birthweight, body fatness at ages 5 and 10, or BMI at age 18.
  • CONCLUSIONS: Common IGF-1 and IGFBP-1/IGFBP-3 SNPs are not associated with body size in early life.
  • [MeSH-major] Body Size / genetics. Insulin-Like Growth Factor Binding Protein 1 / genetics. Insulin-Like Growth Factor Binding Protein 3 / genetics. Insulin-Like Growth Factor I / genetics. Polymorphism, Single Nucleotide
  • [MeSH-minor] Adiposity / genetics. Adolescent. Adult. Birth Weight / genetics. Body Mass Index. Case-Control Studies. Child. Child, Preschool. Female. Humans. Middle Aged

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  • (PMID = 22894543.001).
  • [ISSN] 1471-2458
  • [Journal-full-title] BMC public health
  • [ISO-abbreviation] BMC Public Health
  • [Language] eng
  • [Grant] United States / NCI NIH HHS / CA / P01 CA87969; United States / NCI NIH HHS / CA / R01 CA50385; United States / NCI NIH HHS / CA / R01 CA67262; United States / NCI NIH HHS / CA / R03 CA132182; United States / NCI NIH HHS / CA / T32 CA009001; United States / NCI NIH HHS / CA / U01 CA49449
  • [Publication-type] Journal Article; Research Support, N.I.H., Extramural
  • [Publication-country] England
  • [Chemical-registry-number] 0 / Insulin-Like Growth Factor Binding Protein 1; 0 / Insulin-Like Growth Factor Binding Protein 3; 67763-96-6 / Insulin-Like Growth Factor I
  • [Other-IDs] NLM/ PMC3508796
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7. |||....... 29%  Rębacz-Maron E: Changes in the body build of students of the Maritime University of Szczecin in the years 1969-2007. Int Marit Health; 2013;64(1):12-7
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  • [Title] Changes in the body build of students of the Maritime University of Szczecin in the years 1969-2007.
  • BACKGROUND: Changes in the human body build over the last century refer to greater and greater body heightbut also to the "plague" of obesity in the period of the last 30 years.
  • Changes in the body build, particularly obesity, may interfere withthe selection of candidates for the profession of seaman in the near future.
  • AIM: The aim of this study is to characterise the body build of students of the Maritime University of Szczecin.The results of the author's own research from 2006 and 2007 were compared with those of similaranthropometric studies being published in the literature from previous years (1969-2007).
  • Anthropometric measurements (body height, body weight, andwaist, hip, and arm circumferences) were made in 2006 and 2007.
  • Based on these anthropometric data,the body mass index and the Rohrer's index were calculated.
  • RESULTS AND CONCLUSIONS: During the analysed years 1969-2007, the examined students of the MaritimeUniversity of Szczecin showed increasing body height and, worryingly, rising body weight and waist andhip circumferences.
  • One of the reasons for the changes in the body build is decreasing motoractivity.
  • [MeSH-major] Somatotypes
  • [MeSH-minor] Anthropometry. Body Height. Body Mass Index. Body Weight. Female. Humans. Male. Obesity, Abdominal / epidemiology. Overweight / epidemiology. Poland / epidemiology. Students / statistics & numerical data. Universities / statistics & numerical data. Waist Circumference. Young Adult

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  • (PMID = 23788160.001).
  • [ISSN] 2081-3252
  • [Journal-full-title] International maritime health
  • [ISO-abbreviation] Int Marit Health
  • [Language] eng
  • [Publication-type] Journal Article
  • [Publication-country] Poland
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8. |||||||||. 937%  Liiv H, Wyon MA, Jürimäe T, Saar M, Mäestu J, Jürimäe J: Anthropometry, Somatotypes, and Aerobic Power in Ballet, Contemporary Dance, and DanceSport. Med Probl Perform Art; 2013 Dec;28(4):207-11
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  • [Source] The source of this record is MEDLINE®, a database of the U.S. National Library of Medicine.
  • [Title] Anthropometry, Somatotypes, and Aerobic Power in Ballet, Contemporary Dance, and DanceSport.
  • This study compared anthropometric variables, somatotypes, and aerobic capacity between three groups of dancers: classical ballet dancers (M 33, F 56), contemporary dancers (M 28, F 109), and dancesport dancers (M 30, F 30).
  • Anthropometric data for body mass index (BMI) and somatotypes were measured.
  • Body fat percentage was measured by dual-energy x-ray absorptiometry.
  • Female ballet dancers had a lower body mass and BMI compared with their contemporary dance and dancesport equivalents (p<0.001).
  • Ballet dancers had the lowest body fat percentage, weight, and BMI values.
  • Based on this study, we conclude that dancers in these three styles differ in some aspects of anthropometric variables, somatotypes, and aerobic capacity, but we cannot say is it because of the training or selection or both.

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  • (PMID = 24337032.001).
  • [ISSN] 0885-1158
  • [Journal-full-title] Medical problems of performing artists
  • [ISO-abbreviation] Med Probl Perform Art
  • [Language] eng
  • [Publication-type] Journal Article
  • [Publication-country] United States
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9. |||||||||. 656%  Fefelova IuA: [The change in lipoid spectrum in blood serum in girls of different somatotypes after meals]. Fiziol Cheloveka; 2010 Jan-Feb;36(1):119-24
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  • [Title] [The change in lipoid spectrum in blood serum in girls of different somatotypes after meals].
  • We carried out the analysis of the changes in the spectrum of neutral lipoids and phospholipoids in blood serum as a response to meals in girls of different somatotypes.
  • We revealed statistically true lowering of lipid acids content in representatives of all examined somatotypes after meals.
  • Statistically true increase of simply oxidized fractions of phospholipoids in girls of sub-athletic and athletic somatotypes testifies on the change in the ratio of dynamics components of lipoid spectrum of lipoproteids.
  • Balanced fractions of phospholipoids as well as free cholesterol are the main structural components in lipoproteid membranes and they didn't change in any of the studied somatotypes as a response to meals.
  • [MeSH-major] Lipoproteins / blood. Phospholipids / blood. Postprandial Period / physiology. Somatotypes / physiology

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  • (PMID = 20196456.001).
  • [ISSN] 0131-1646
  • [Journal-full-title] Fiziologiia cheloveka
  • [ISO-abbreviation] Fiziol Cheloveka
  • [Language] rus
  • [Publication-type] English Abstract; Journal Article
  • [Publication-country] Russia (Federation)
  • [Chemical-registry-number] 0 / Lipoproteins; 0 / Phospholipids
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10. |||||||||. 652%  Zu P, Zhao YQ, Xu SJ, Hao JH, Su PY, Zhu P, Tao FB: [Association between self-assessed somatotypes and symptom depression among children and adolescents]. Zhonghua Liu Xing Bing Xue Za Zhi; 2011 Dec;32(12):1208-11
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  • [Title] [Association between self-assessed somatotypes and symptom depression among children and adolescents].
  • OBJECTIVE: To examine the association between self-assessed somatotypes and depression related symptoms.
  • Association between self-assessed somatotypes, body mass index (BMI) and depression symptom were examined.
  • RESULTS: There was a slight consistency between self-assessed somatotypes and BMI in both boys and girls (Kappa = 0.217, P = 0.000; Kappa = 0.203, P = 0.000).
  • The prevalence of underestimation of somatotypes was significantly higher in boys than in girls, while the result was reversive on the prevalence of overestimation.
  • Through logistic regression, data showed that self-assessed somatotypes and miscalculated groups were significantly associated with depressive symptoms.
  • Overestimated and underestimated somatotypes appeared to be risk factors causing symptoms of depression (OR = 1.705, 95%CI: 1.382 - 2.105; OR = 1.241, 95%CI: 1.059 - 1.454).
  • CONCLUSION: Slight consistency was found between self-assessed somatotypes and BMI, while the misjudged somatotypes were the risk factor related to depressive symptoms.

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  • (PMID = 22336601.001).
  • [ISSN] 0254-6450
  • [Journal-full-title] Zhonghua liu xing bing xue za zhi = Zhonghua liuxingbingxue zazhi
  • [ISO-abbreviation] Zhonghua Liu Xing Bing Xue Za Zhi
  • [Language] chi
  • [Publication-type] English Abstract; Journal Article; Research Support, Non-U.S. Gov't
  • [Publication-country] China
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11. |||....... 26%  Carvajal W, Ríos A, Echevarría I, Martínez M, Miñoso J, Rodríguez D: Body type and performance of elite cuban baseball players. MEDICC Rev; 2009 Apr;11(2):15-20
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  • [Source] The source of this record is MEDLINE®, a database of the U.S. National Library of Medicine.
  • [Title] Body type and performance of elite cuban baseball players.
  • Introduction Appropriate stature and adequate somatotype are not the only attributes determining athletic performance, but they are important prerequisites for sports participation and success.
  • Methods Body composition, somatotype, proportionality, and performance were measured in 100 elite baseball players grouped by playing position and performance.
  • Results Performance and body type varied by playing position, and statistically significant differences were found in performance, body composition and somatotype variables between some positions.
  • First basemen and outfielders (center, left, and right fielders) were the best offensive players with the highest mean SLG, body weight and muscle mass values.
  • Infielders (second basemen, shortstops, and third basemen) had the lowest mean body weight and adipose tissue mass values, as well as the lowest mean SLG.
  • All players were predominantly mesoendomorphic, but mean somatotype values varied between players in different positions, and between pitchers with different performance levels.
  • Further research on comparative samples is needed to validate the relationship between players' body type and performance.
  • Key words: Body composition, somatotypes, anthropometry, sports, baseball, athletic performance, sports performance.

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  • (PMID = 21483313.001).
  • [ISSN] 1555-7960
  • [Journal-full-title] MEDICC review
  • [ISO-abbreviation] MEDICC Rev
  • [Language] eng
  • [Publication-type] Journal Article
  • [Publication-country] United States
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12. ||........ 17%  Lizana Arce P, Almagiâ Flores A, Simpson Lelievre C, Ivanovic Marincovic D, Binvignat Gutiérrez O, Berral de la Rosa F: Changes of somatotype in high school students, V region, Chile: 1985-2010. Nutr Hosp; 2012 Jan-Feb;27(1):270-5
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  • [Title] Changes of somatotype in high school students, V region, Chile: 1985-2010.
  • OBJECTIVE: To determine the trend of high school students from Valparaíso Chile by means of an anthropometrical somatotype.
  • Somatotype was estimated by the Heath-Carter anthropometric method.
  • RESULTS: significant differences were found in all the variables of the somatotype during the periods studied (p < 0.01), except for height (p = 0.176) and humeral breadth in women (p = 0.067).
  • CONCLUSIONS: the somatotype of the adolescent population, especially women in Valparaiso, Chile has changed to a predominant endomorphic biotype, and its mesomorphic component has decreased.
  • [MeSH-major] Somatotypes / physiology
  • [MeSH-minor] Adiposity / physiology. Adolescent. Anthropometry. Arm / anatomy & histology. Body Height / physiology. Body Weight / physiology. Chile / epidemiology. Female. Humans. Leg / anatomy & histology. Male. Sex Characteristics. Skinfold Thickness. Students

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  • (PMID = 22566333.001).
  • [ISSN] 1699-5198
  • [Journal-full-title] Nutrición hospitalaria
  • [ISO-abbreviation] Nutr Hosp
  • [Language] eng
  • [Publication-type] Journal Article; Research Support, Non-U.S. Gov't
  • [Publication-country] Spain
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13. |......... 12%  Van Dam M, Hallemans A, Aerts P: Growth of segment parameters and a morphological classification for children between 15 and 36 months. J Anat; 2009 Jan;214(1):79-90
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  • Analysis of the parameter data showed that there are substantial changes of most segment inertial parameters across body length and body mass.
  • [MeSH-major] Aging / physiology. Morphogenesis / physiology. Somatotypes / physiology
  • [MeSH-minor] Anthropometry / methods. Body Height. Body Weight. Child, Preschool. Female. Forearm / growth & development. Head / growth & development. Humans. Infant. Linear Models. Male. Principal Component Analysis. Reference Values. Reproducibility of Results. Sex Characteristics

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  • [Cites] J Biomech. 1986;19(5):359-68 [3733761.001]
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  • (PMID = 19166475.001).
  • [ISSN] 1469-7580
  • [Journal-full-title] Journal of anatomy
  • [ISO-abbreviation] J. Anat.
  • [Language] eng
  • [Publication-type] Journal Article; Research Support, Non-U.S. Gov't
  • [Publication-country] England
  • [Other-IDs] NLM/ PMC2667919
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14. |......... 12%  Stewart TM, Allen HR, Han H, Williamson DA: The development of the Body Morph Assessment version 2.0 (BMA 2.0): tests of reliability and validity. Body Image; 2009 Mar;6(2):67-74
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  • [Title] The development of the Body Morph Assessment version 2.0 (BMA 2.0): tests of reliability and validity.
  • This study tested the psychometric characteristics of the Body Morph Assessment version 2.0 (BMA 2.0).
  • Norms were established for the BMA 2.0 estimates of current body size (CBS), ideal body size (IBS), and acceptable body size (ABS) for Caucasian and African-American men and women.
  • In summary, the BMA 2.0 is a reliable and valid computerized measure of CBS, IBS, ABS, the CBS-IBS discrepancy (body dissatisfaction), and provides an estimate of over/underestimation of body size as compared to individuals of the same sex and body mass index.
  • [MeSH-major] Questionnaires. Somatotypes
  • [MeSH-minor] Adolescent. Adult. African Americans / statistics & numerical data. Aged. Body Mass Index. Body Size. European Continental Ancestry Group / statistics & numerical data. Female. Humans. Male. Middle Aged. Personal Satisfaction. Reproducibility of Results. Young Adult

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  • [Cites] Int J Obes Relat Metab Disord. 2000 Oct;24(10):1326-32 [11093295.001]
  • [Cites] Obes Res. 2001 Jan;9(1):43-50 [11346666.001]
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  • [Cites] J Appl Psychol. 1992 Jun;77(3):336-42 [1601825.001]
  • [Cites] Percept Mot Skills. 1998 Apr;86(2):387-95 [9638738.001]
  • [Cites] J Psychol. 2004 Jul;138(4):325-37 [15379009.001]
  • (PMID = 19244002.001).
  • [ISSN] 1873-6807
  • [Journal-full-title] Body image
  • [ISO-abbreviation] Body Image
  • [Language] eng
  • [Grant] United States / NIDDK NIH HHS / DK / P30 DK072476-04
  • [Publication-type] Journal Article; Validation Studies
  • [Publication-country] Netherlands
  • [Other-IDs] NLM/ NIHMS140761; NLM/ PMC2743122
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15. |......... 12%  Eisenberg ME, Wall M, Neumark-Sztainer D: Muscle-enhancing behaviors among adolescent girls and boys. Pediatrics; 2012 Dec;130(6):1019-26
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  • [Source] The source of this record is MEDLINE®, a database of the U.S. National Library of Medicine.
  • [MeSH-major] Adolescent Behavior. Body Image. Exercise. Health Behavior. Muscle Strength. Muscle, Skeletal / growth & development. Somatotypes


16. |||||||... 74%  Zviagin VN, Sineva IM: [Identification of male somatotype based on osteometric characteristics of the upper and lower extremities]. Sud Med Ekspert; 2009 Sep-Oct;52(5):6-11
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  • [Title] [Identification of male somatotype based on osteometric characteristics of the upper and lower extremities].
  • The results were compared with the data obtained by examining materials excavated from grave sites of an Yoshkar-Ola cemetery and from the Isupovo necropole (Kostroma) to evaluate the possibility of identifying human somatotypes from bone remains.
  • Diagnostic equations are proposed for the identification of individual somatotypes based on the analysis of skeletal remains for the use in practical forensic medical examination.
  • [MeSH-major] Bone and Bones / pathology. Forensic Anthropology / methods. Lower Extremity / pathology. Somatotypes. Upper Extremity / pathology

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  • (PMID = 20058841.001).
  • [ISSN] 0039-4521
  • [Journal-full-title] Sudebno-meditsinskaia ekspertiza
  • [ISO-abbreviation] Sud. Med. Ekspert.
  • [Language] rus
  • [Publication-type] English Abstract; Journal Article
  • [Publication-country] Russia (Federation)
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17. |||||||... 73%  Orhan O, Sagir M, Zorba E: Comparison of somatotype values of football players in two professional league football teams according to the positions. Coll Antropol; 2013 Jun;37(2):401-5
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  • [Title] Comparison of somatotype values of football players in two professional league football teams according to the positions.
  • This study compared the somatotype values of football players according to their playing positions.
  • The study aimed to determine the physical profiles of players and to analyze the relationships between somatotypes and playing positions.
  • In somatotype calculations, triceps, subscapular, supraspinale and calf skinfold thickness, humerus bicondylar, femur bicondylar, biceps circumference, calf circumference and body weight and height were used.
  • Statistical analysis of the data was performed using the Graph Pad prism Version 5.00 for Windows (Graph Pad Software, San Diego California USA); somatotype calculations and analyses used the Somatotype 1.1 program and graphical representations of the results were produced.
  • The measurements indicated that, when all of the GB and GBO players were evaluated collectively, their average somatotypes were balanced mesomorph.
  • The somatotypes of GBO goalkeepers were generally ectomorphic mesomorph; GB goalkeepers were balanced mesomorphic, although they were slightly endomorphic.
  • [MeSH-major] Anthropometry. Body Composition / physiology. Body Weight / physiology. Soccer / physiology. Somatotypes / physiology

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  • (PMID = 23940981.001).
  • [ISSN] 0350-6134
  • [Journal-full-title] Collegium antropologicum
  • [ISO-abbreviation] Coll Antropol
  • [Language] eng
  • [Publication-type] Comparative Study; Journal Article
  • [Publication-country] Croatia
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18. ||||||.... 65%  Rizzo-Sierra CV: Ayurvedic genomics, constitutional psychology, and endocrinology: the missing connection. J Altern Complement Med; 2011 May;17(5):465-8
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  • A recent methodological approach for human classification, diagnosis, and therapeutics through the combination of current Western constitutional psychology somatotypes and traditional Indian medicine (prakriti) body types and mind (manas) is herein presented.
  • The striking similarities between psychologic somatotypes and Indian medicine body types permits proposal of a finite genopsycho-somatotyping of humans.
  • Genopsycho-somatotyping of humans consists of a set of common physiologic, physical, and psychologic attributes related to a common basic birth constitution that remains somewhat permanent during human lifetime, since it is proposed that this birth constitution is programmed in the person's DNA (genes).
  • Three (3) basic extreme genopsycho-somatotypes or birth constitutions are enunciated: mesomorphic or andrus (Pitta), endomorphic or thymus (Khapa), and ectomorphic or thyrus (Vata).
  • [MeSH-major] Body Constitution / genetics. Genomics. Genotype. Hormones / physiology. Medicine, Ayurvedic. Phenotype. Somatotypes

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  • (PMID = 21563964.001).
  • [ISSN] 1557-7708
  • [Journal-full-title] Journal of alternative and complementary medicine (New York, N.Y.)
  • [ISO-abbreviation] J Altern Complement Med
  • [Language] eng
  • [Publication-type] Journal Article
  • [Publication-country] United States
  • [Chemical-registry-number] 0 / Hormones; 0 / MSH receptor; 0 / Receptors, Cytoplasmic and Nuclear; 0 / Receptors, Pituitary Hormone; 9007-49-2 / DNA; Q51BO43MG4 / Thyroxine
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19. ||||||.... 61%  Yokota M, Berglund LG, Bathalon GP: Female anthropometric variability and their effects on predicted thermoregulatory responses to work in the heat. Int J Biometeorol; 2012 Mar;56(2):379-85
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  • [Source] The source of this record is MEDLINE®, a database of the U.S. National Library of Medicine.
  • Five somatotypes were identified in U.S.
  • The simulated heat responses, using a thermoregulatory model, were different between somatotypes.
  • Anthropometric somatotypes were identified using multivariate analysis [height, weight, percent body fat (%BF)] and the predicted physiological responses to simulated exercise and heat stress using a thermoregulatory model were evaluated.
  • The simulated conditions included walking at ~3 mph (4.8 km/h) for 300 min and wearing battle dress uniform and body armor in a 30°C, 25% relative humidity (RH) environment without solar radiation.
  • Five major somatotypes (tall-fat, tall-lean, average, short-lean, and short-fat), identified through multivariate analysis of anthropometric distributions, showed different tolerance levels to simulated heat stress: lean women were predicted to maintain their core temperatures (T(c)) lower than short-fat or tall-fat women.
  • [MeSH-major] Body Temperature / physiology. Military Personnel. Somatotypes / physiology. Work / physiology
  • [MeSH-minor] Adolescent. Adult. Body Weights and Measures. Female. Hot Temperature. Humans. Models, Biological. Principal Component Analysis. United States. Walking / physiology. Young Adult

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  • (PMID = 21573821.001).
  • [ISSN] 1432-1254
  • [Journal-full-title] International journal of biometeorology
  • [ISO-abbreviation] Int J Biometeorol
  • [Language] eng
  • [Publication-type] Clinical Trial; Journal Article
  • [Publication-country] United States
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20. ||||||.... 59%  Sterkowicz-Przybycień K: Body composition and somatotype of the elite of Polish fencers. Coll Antropol; 2009 Sep;33(3):765-72
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  • [Title] Body composition and somatotype of the elite of Polish fencers.
  • The purpose of this study was to determine body composition and somatotype of the male fencers who were grouped by different fencing weapons.
  • Analysis of body composition, with untrained men as background, will update the data necessary for the somatic profiles of fencers.
  • An experienced evaluator performed 10 measurements necessary to designate somatotypes by means of Heath-Carter method and to estimate the percentage of body fat and composition.
  • Sabre fencers (weight = 84.4 kg, somatotype = 3.4-5.4-1.8) were heavier than both epée fencers (77.9 kg, 3.6-4.9-2.5) and foil fencers (74.9 kg, 2.9-4.2-2.8).
  • Against the background of non-training men, fencers were distinguished by a higher body weight (79.0 vs. 72.1 kg, t = 3.97, p < 0.001) and a higher height-weight ratio (43.21 vs. 42.46, t = 2.24, p < 0.05).
  • Fencers' somatotypes differed from the somatotypes of the untrained (3.3-4.8-2.3 vs. 3.7-4.3-3.1).
  • [MeSH-major] Body Composition. Somatotypes. Sports / physiology
  • [MeSH-minor] Adult. Body Mass Index. Humans. Male. Poland

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  • (PMID = 19860102.001).
  • [ISSN] 0350-6134
  • [Journal-full-title] Collegium antropologicum
  • [ISO-abbreviation] Coll Antropol
  • [Language] eng
  • [Publication-type] Journal Article
  • [Publication-country] Croatia
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21. ||||||.... 58%  Sporis G, Jukić I, Bok D, Vuleta D Jr, Harasin D: Impact of body composition on performance in fitness tests among personnel of the Croatian navy. Coll Antropol; 2011 Jun;35(2):335-9
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  • [Title] Impact of body composition on performance in fitness tests among personnel of the Croatian navy.
  • The purpose of this study was to determine the impact of body weight on fitness tests among the personnel of the Croatian navy.
  • Forty two naval personnel (age 27 +/- 4.1 years; body mass 86.2 +/- 4.9 kg; height 184.6 +/- 7.4 cm; body fat percentage 17.3 +/- 5.2) participated in this study.
  • In order to evaluate the fitness of the naval servicemen, we applied a testing procedure that included measurements of 7 fitness tests and 15 body anthropometric tests.
  • A negative correlation was found between the body fat percentage and all the analyzed sprint tests and three anaerobic power tests (r), SP5 (r = -0.42), SP10 (r = -0.51), SP20 (r = -0.53), SJ (r = -0.45), CM (r = -0.57), SLJ (r = -0.67).
  • Also a negative correlation was found between the body fat percentage and VO2(max) (r = -0.44).
  • In this study we found a negative correlation between body fat percentages and all the sprint tests and three anaerobic power tests and VO2(max).
  • The ectomorph somatotypes have positive correlations with all variables.
  • The mesomorph somatotypes have the greatest positive correlations with all variables.
  • The endomorph somatotypes have negative correlations with all variables.
  • According to the body composition of Croatian naval servicemen we can conclude that they need a sufficient level of strength and endurance for everyday tasks.
  • [MeSH-major] Athletic Performance / statistics & numerical data. Body Composition / physiology. Exercise Test. Military Personnel / statistics & numerical data. Physical Fitness / physiology
  • [MeSH-minor] Adult. Croatia. Humans. Male. Somatotypes

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  • (PMID = 21755699.001).
  • [ISSN] 0350-6134
  • [Journal-full-title] Collegium antropologicum
  • [ISO-abbreviation] Coll Antropol
  • [Language] eng
  • [Publication-type] Journal Article
  • [Publication-country] Croatia
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22. |||||..... 52%  Genovese JE, Little KD: Mesomorphy correlates with experiential cognitive style. J Genet Psychol; 2011 Oct-Dec;172(4):433-9
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  • [Source] The source of this record is MEDLINE®, a database of the U.S. National Library of Medicine.
  • Anthropometric somatotypes were obtained using the Heath-Carter procedure (J. E. L.
  • [MeSH-major] Anthropometry. Cognition / physiology. Personality / physiology. Somatotypes / psychology

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  • (PMID = 22256686.001).
  • [ISSN] 0022-1325
  • [Journal-full-title] The Journal of genetic psychology
  • [ISO-abbreviation] J Genet Psychol
  • [Language] eng
  • [Publication-type] Journal Article
  • [Publication-country] United States
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23. |||||..... 52%  Massidda M, Toselli S, Brasili P, Calò CM: Somatotype of elite Italian gymnasts. Coll Antropol; 2013 Sep;37(3):853-7
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  • [Title] Somatotype of elite Italian gymnasts.
  • The somatotyping method is especially helpful in sports in which the body could directly influence the biomechanics of movements and the performance's results.
  • The purpose of this study was to determine the somatotype of elite Italian gymnasts and to compare it in terms of competition levels.
  • The sample comprised 64 elite gymnasts (42 females (F), somatotype 1.4-4.4-3.2; and 22 males (M), somatotype 1.6-6.3-2.1) belonging to the Italian National Artistic Gymnastic Team (2007) at different competition levels: Allieve, Junior, and Senior.
  • Mean whole somatotypes, by competition levels, were not significantly different in both sexes (Female gymnasts: Allieve, 1.3-4.6-3.3; Junior, 1.3-4.2-3.6; Senior, 1.7-4.2-2.7; Male gymnasts: Junior, 1.5-6.3-2.5; Senior, 1.7-6.3-1.6).
  • This study highlighted the peculiarities of the somatotype of Italian elite gymnasts and their strong homogeneity, evident also from the low values of somatotype attitudinal mean (SAM).
  • The results emphasize the need for a specific somatotype to reach an elite level in sport and the need to integrate the somatotype analysis between the scientific instruments for selecting talent also in artistic gymnastics.
  • [MeSH-major] Anthropometry. Athletes. Gymnastics. Somatotypes

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  • (PMID = 24308228.001).
  • [ISSN] 0350-6134
  • [Journal-full-title] Collegium antropologicum
  • [ISO-abbreviation] Coll Antropol
  • [Language] eng
  • [Publication-type] Journal Article; Research Support, Non-U.S. Gov't
  • [Publication-country] Croatia
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24. |||||..... 49%  Sibila M, Pori P: Position-related differences in selected morphological body characteristics of top-level handball players. Coll Antropol; 2009 Dec;33(4):1079-86
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  • [Source] The source of this record is MEDLINE®, a database of the U.S. National Library of Medicine.
  • [Title] Position-related differences in selected morphological body characteristics of top-level handball players.
  • Somatotypes were determined using Heath-Carter's method.
  • In order to determine differences in the body composition and anthropometric data of the subjects playing in different positions, a one-way analysis of variance was employed.
  • The results show that on average the wings differ the most from the other player groups in terms of their morphological body characteristics.
  • The values of their body height, body mass and the quantity of subcutaneous fat are statistically significantly lower than those of players in the other groups.
  • Goalkeepers are relatively tall, with high values of body mass and low values of transuersal measures.
  • Their skin folds are the most pronounced among all groups on average and their share of subcutaneous fat in total body mass is the highest.
  • Consequently, their endomorphic component of the somatotype is pronounced.
  • Pivots and back players are becoming increasingly similar in terms of their morphological body characteristics.
  • Pivots maintain greater robustness, have a higher quantity of muscle mass as well as more pronounced transversal measures and a mesomorphic component of the somatotype.
  • [MeSH-major] Body Constitution. Somatotypes. Sports
  • [MeSH-minor] Adult. Body Composition. Humans. Male. Slovenia

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  • (PMID = 20102051.001).
  • [ISSN] 0350-6134
  • [Journal-full-title] Collegium antropologicum
  • [ISO-abbreviation] Coll Antropol
  • [Language] eng
  • [Publication-type] Comparative Study; Journal Article
  • [Publication-country] Croatia
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25. |||||..... 48%  Almeida AH, Santos SA, Castro PJ, Rizzo JA, Batista GR: Somatotype analysis of physically active individuals. J Sports Med Phys Fitness; 2013 Jun;53(3):268-73
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  • [Source] The source of this record is MEDLINE®, a database of the U.S. National Library of Medicine.
  • [Title] Somatotype analysis of physically active individuals.
  • AIM: The present study aimed at comparing demographic variables, physical activity level, and health-related anthropometric indicators according to somatotype among physically active individuals.
  • Somatotypes were analyzed using the anthropometric technique proposed by Heath & Carter (1990).
  • We used as health-related anthropometric indicators: body mass index (BMI), waist circumference (WC), waist-hip ratio (WHR), and conicity index (CI).
  • RESULTS: In the somatotype analysis, we observed among women significant predominance of the endomorphy and lower predominance of the ectomorphy in comparison to men.
  • CONCLUSION: The somatotype of physically active individuals in the present study raises health concern, mainly related to high relative adiposity represented by endomorphy.
  • [MeSH-major] Motor Activity / physiology. Physical Fitness / physiology. Somatotypes / physiology
  • [MeSH-minor] Adult. Body Constitution / physiology. Cross-Sectional Studies. Female. Humans. Male. Middle Aged

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  • (PMID = 23715251.001).
  • [ISSN] 0022-4707
  • [Journal-full-title] The Journal of sports medicine and physical fitness
  • [ISO-abbreviation] J Sports Med Phys Fitness
  • [Language] eng
  • [Publication-type] Journal Article; Research Support, Non-U.S. Gov't
  • [Publication-country] Italy
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26. |||||..... 47%  Dixson BJ, Dixson AF, Bishop PJ, Parish A: Human physique and sexual attractiveness in men and women: a New Zealand-U.S. comparative study. Arch Sex Behav; 2010 Jun;39(3):798-806
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  • In Study 1, women in both countries rated mesomorphic (muscular) and average male somatotypes as most attractive, followed by ectomorphic (slim) and endomorphic (heavily built) figures.
  • [MeSH-major] Beauty. Sexual Behavior / psychology. Somatotypes / psychology

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  • (PMID = 19139985.001).
  • [ISSN] 1573-2800
  • [Journal-full-title] Archives of sexual behavior
  • [ISO-abbreviation] Arch Sex Behav
  • [Language] eng
  • [Publication-type] Comparative Study; Journal Article
  • [Publication-country] United States
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27. ||||...... 42%  Fefelova IuA, Sokolova TA, Grebennikova VV, Kazakova TV, Nagirnaia LA, Skobeleva SIu: [Comparative analysis of the anthropometric parameters and body component content in girls with the disturbances of sexual development of chromosomal and non-chromosomal genesis]. Morfologiia; 2009;135(3):72-5
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  • [Title] [Comparative analysis of the anthropometric parameters and body component content in girls with the disturbances of sexual development of chromosomal and non-chromosomal genesis].
  • In girls with Shereshevsky-Turner syndrome, the body mass and length, as well as the relative adipose tissue content, were significantly decreased as compared with those in girls with the disturbances of sexual development of non-chromosomal genesis.
  • The differences in somatotype distribution between these groups were detected.
  • The majority of the girls with Shereshevsky-Turner syndrome with karyotype changes (monosomy of X-chromosome) had stenoplastic somatotype (70.6%).
  • Among the girls with amenorhhea of non-chromosomal genesis, the stenoplastic (33.3%) and subathletic somatotypes (33.3%) prevailed.
  • In both groups of girls with the disturbances in sexual maturation, the absence of athletic somatotype was noted.
  • [MeSH-major] Adipose Tissue / pathology. Amenorrhea / pathology. Body Height. Body Weight. Turner Syndrome / pathology

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  • (PMID = 19860335.001).
  • [ISSN] 1026-3543
  • [Journal-full-title] Morfologii͡a (Saint Petersburg, Russia)
  • [ISO-abbreviation] Morfologiia
  • [Language] rus
  • [Publication-type] Comparative Study; English Abstract; Journal Article
  • [Publication-country] Russia (Federation)
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28. ||||...... 39%  Baltadjiev AG, Baltadjiev GA, Kaleva NN: Somatotypological characteristics of children with type 1 diabetes mellitus. Folia Med (Plovdiv); 2009 Oct-Dec;51(4):29-33
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  • [Source] The source of this record is MEDLINE®, a database of the U.S. National Library of Medicine.
  • [Title] Somatotypological characteristics of children with type 1 diabetes mellitus.
  • INTRODUCTION: Human constitutional types are genetically predetermined and remains constant in their basic features.
  • The type could be changed to a certain extent by environmental factors, diseases and some other factors.
  • AIM: To define the somatotype of children with type 1 diabetes mellitus and compare it to the somatotype of healthy children.
  • PATIENTS AND METHODS: An anthropometrical study was performed in 71 boys and 69 girls with type 1 diabetes.
  • The anthropometric measures including weight, height, corrected contracted arm girth, medial calf girth, triceps brachii, subscapular and suprailiac skinfolds, biepicondylar humerus breadth and biepicondylar femur breadth were taken to determine the somatotype.
  • The somatotypes were determined according to Heath-Carter method (1967).
  • RESULTS: The diabetic boys aged 7 - 12 years presented with balanced mesomorph somatotype (endo 2.7-meso 4.8-ecto 2.3), while the healthy boys were with endomorphic mesomorph somatotype (3.4-5.2-2.7).
  • Both the diabetic and healthy boys aged 12-18 years presented with balanced mesomorph somatotype (3.1-4.2-3.5 and 3.4-5.0-3.2, respectively).
  • The somatotype of the diabetic girls aged 7-12 years was balanced mesomorph (3.0-4.2-2.8).
  • The diabetic girls aged 12-18 years were with mesomorphic endomorph somatotype (4.9-3.7-2.5) and the somatotype of the healthy girls was mesomorph endomorph (4.5-4.1-2.9).
  • [MeSH-major] Body Weights and Measures / methods. Diabetes Mellitus / physiopathology. Somatotypes / physiology

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  • (PMID = 20232655.001).
  • [ISSN] 0204-8043
  • [Journal-full-title] Folia medica
  • [ISO-abbreviation] Folia Med (Plovdiv)
  • [Language] eng
  • [Publication-type] Comparative Study; Journal Article
  • [Publication-country] Bulgaria
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29. |||....... 32%  Martínez S, Pasquarelli BN, Romaguera D, Arasa C, Tauler P, Aguiló A: Anthropometric characteristics and nutritional profile of young amateur swimmers. J Strength Cond Res; 2011 Apr;25(4):1126-33
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  • [Source] The source of this record is MEDLINE®, a database of the U.S. National Library of Medicine.
  • Endomorphic somatotype was twofold greater in girls compared with in boys.
  • Energy intake and protein intake per kilogram of body weight were significantly greater in boys compared to in girls.
  • In conclusion, young swimmers participating in the present study had differences between sexes in somatotypes.

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  • (PMID = 20838252.001).
  • [ISSN] 1533-4287
  • [Journal-full-title] Journal of strength and conditioning research / National Strength & Conditioning Association
  • [ISO-abbreviation] J Strength Cond Res
  • [Language] eng
  • [Publication-type] Journal Article; Research Support, Non-U.S. Gov't
  • [Publication-country] United States
  • [Chemical-registry-number] 0 / Fatty Acids, Unsaturated; 1406-16-2 / Vitamin D; 36-88-4 / Carotenoids; 935E97BOY8 / Folic Acid
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30. |||....... 29%  Spieser L, Clijsen R, Rucker AM, Cabri J, Clarys P: [Anthropometry of the Swiss junior and elite judo national team - a descriptive study]. Sportverletz Sportschaden; 2012 Dec;26(4):199-203
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  • [Source] The source of this record is MEDLINE®, a database of the U.S. National Library of Medicine.
  • The following anthropometric measurements were made: body size, body weight, six skinfolds (SFT), two breadths, two circumferences, body fat (tanita scale, Durnin and Womersley method), BMI and determination of somatotypes.
  • RESULTS: The mean somatotype of male judoka was 2,2 ± 0,8 for the endomorphy, 6,0 ± 0,9 for the mesomorphy and 2,0 ± 0,7 for the ectomorphy.
  • The mean somatotype was balanced mesomorph.
  • The mean somatotype of female judoka was 3.7 ± 1.2 for the endomorphy, 4,9 ± 0,7 for the mesomorphy and 1,5 ± 0,3 for the ectomorphy.
  • The mean somatotype was mesomorphic endomorph.
  • [MeSH-major] Anthropometry. Athletic Performance / physiology. Body Height / physiology. Body Weight / physiology. Martial Arts / physiology. Muscle Strength / physiology. Physical Fitness / physiology

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  • [Copyright] © Georg Thieme Verlag KG Stuttgart · New York.
  • (PMID = 23254771.001).
  • [ISSN] 1439-1236
  • [Journal-full-title] Sportverletzung Sportschaden : Organ der Gesellschaft für Orthopädisch-Traumatologische Sportmedizin
  • [ISO-abbreviation] Sportverletz Sportschaden
  • [Language] ger
  • [Publication-type] English Abstract; Journal Article
  • [Publication-country] Germany
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31. ||........ 25%  Fernández-López JR, Cámara J, Maldonado S, Rosique-Gracia J: The effect of morphological and functional variables on ranking position of professional junior Basque surfers. Eur J Sport Sci; 2013;13(5):461-7
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  • [Source] The source of this record is MEDLINE®, a database of the U.S. National Library of Medicine.
  • Anthropometrics were weight, height and sum of six skinfolds (subscapular, triceps, supraspinal, abdominal, anterior thigh and calf) and Heath-Carter anthropometric somatotypes.
  • Surfers shared a relative short stature and light weight, with a broader range of skinfold thickness (174.30, s=0.07 cm; 66.73, s=5.91 kg; 57.03, s=12.29 mm) and mean somatotype was ectomorphic-mesomorph: 2.20-4.36-3.09 (Category 2).

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  • (PMID = 24050462.001).
  • [ISSN] 1536-7290
  • [Journal-full-title] European journal of sport science
  • [ISO-abbreviation] Eur J Sport Sci
  • [Language] eng
  • [Publication-type] Journal Article
  • [Publication-country] England
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32. ||........ 19%  Mladenova S, Nikolova M, Andreenko E, Boyadjiev D: Somatotypological characterization of Bulgarian children and adolescents (Smolyan region). Coll Antropol; 2010 Sep;34(3):963-71
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  • [Source] The source of this record is MEDLINE®, a database of the U.S. National Library of Medicine.
  • These anthropometrical measurements were required for determining three Heath-Carter anthropometric somatotype components.
  • The results show specific age- and sex-related changes in somatotype characters, mean somatotype and inter-sex differences between values of somatotype components of both sexes.
  • [MeSH-major] Somatotypes

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  • (PMID = 20977090.001).
  • [ISSN] 0350-6134
  • [Journal-full-title] Collegium antropologicum
  • [ISO-abbreviation] Coll Antropol
  • [Language] eng
  • [Publication-type] Journal Article
  • [Publication-country] Croatia
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33. |......... 15%  Olds T, Daniell N, Petkov J, David Stewart A: Somatotyping using 3D anthropometry: a cluster analysis. J Sports Sci; 2013;31(9):936-44
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  • [Source] The source of this record is MEDLINE®, a database of the U.S. National Library of Medicine.
  • [Title] Somatotyping using 3D anthropometry: a cluster analysis.
  • Somatotyping is the quantification of human body shape, independent of body size.
  • Hitherto, somatotyping (including the most popular method, the Heath-Carter system) has been based on subjective visual ratings, sometimes supported by surface anthropometry.
  • This study used data derived from three-dimensional (3D) whole-body scans as inputs for cluster analysis to objectively derive clusters of similar body shapes.
  • Twenty-nine dimensions normalised for body size were measured on a purposive sample of 301 adults aged 17-56 years who had been scanned using a Vitus Smart laser scanner.
  • An objective shape quantification procedure combining 3D scanning and cluster analysis yielded shape clusters strikingly similar to traditional somatotyping.
  • [MeSH-major] Anthropometry / methods. Imaging, Three-Dimensional. Somatotypes

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  • (PMID = 23356433.001).
  • [ISSN] 1466-447X
  • [Journal-full-title] Journal of sports sciences
  • [ISO-abbreviation] J Sports Sci
  • [Language] eng
  • [Publication-type] Journal Article
  • [Publication-country] England
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34. |......... 15%  Pupka A, Sikora J, Mauricz J, Kałuza G, Płonek T: [The usage of silicone breast implants in the women bodybuilder]. Polim Med; 2009;39(2):65-9
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  • [Source] The source of this record is MEDLINE®, a database of the U.S. National Library of Medicine.
  • [MeSH-major] Breast Implants. Somatotypes. Sports

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  • (PMID = 19708502.001).
  • [ISSN] 0370-0747
  • [Journal-full-title] Polimery w medycynie
  • [ISO-abbreviation] Polim Med
  • [Language] pol
  • [Publication-type] English Abstract; Journal Article
  • [Publication-country] Poland
  • [Chemical-registry-number] 0 / Silicone Gels
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35. |......... 14%  Dallesasse SL, Kluck AS: Reality television and the muscular male ideal. Body Image; 2013 Jun;10(3):309-15
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  • [Source] The source of this record is MEDLINE®, a database of the U.S. National Library of Medicine.
  • Although researchers have examined the negative effects of viewing reality television (RTV) on women's body image, this research has not been extended to men.
  • Based on binomial tests, the primary male cast members of programs airing on networks popular among young adult men during the Fall 2009 broadcast season were more muscular, with lower levels of body fat, than average U.S. men.
  • The chest-to-waist and shoulder-to-waist ratios of these cast members did not differ as a function of program type (i.e., reality drama, endurance, and romance).
  • [MeSH-major] Body Image. Esthetics. Somatotypes. Television
  • [MeSH-minor] Adult. Body Composition. Humans. Male. Muscle, Skeletal. United States. Young Adult

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  • [Copyright] Published by Elsevier Ltd.
  • (PMID = 23523084.001).
  • [ISSN] 1873-6807
  • [Journal-full-title] Body image
  • [ISO-abbreviation] Body Image
  • [Language] eng
  • [Publication-type] Journal Article
  • [Publication-country] Netherlands
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36. |......... 13%  Cavala M, Trninić V, Jasić D, Tomljanović M: The influence of somatotype components and personality traits on the playing position and the quality of top Croatian female cadet handball players. Coll Antropol; 2013 May;37 Suppl 2:93-100
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  • [Source] The source of this record is MEDLINE®, a database of the U.S. National Library of Medicine.
  • [Title] The influence of somatotype components and personality traits on the playing position and the quality of top Croatian female cadet handball players.
  • The variance analysis showed no statistically significant differences of somatotype variables with relation to quality and playing position.
  • [MeSH-major] Athletic Performance / physiology. Athletic Performance / psychology. Racquet Sports / physiology. Racquet Sports / psychology. Somatotypes / physiology. Somatotypes / psychology
  • [MeSH-minor] Adolescent. Anthropometry. Body Composition. Croatia. Female. Humans. Personality / physiology

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  • (PMID = 23914494.001).
  • [ISSN] 0350-6134
  • [Journal-full-title] Collegium antropologicum
  • [ISO-abbreviation] Coll Antropol
  • [Language] eng
  • [Publication-type] Journal Article; Research Support, Non-U.S. Gov't
  • [Publication-country] Croatia
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37. |......... 13%  Baltadjiev AG: Somatotype characteristics of male patients with type 2 diabetes mellitus. Folia Med (Plovdiv); 2012 Apr-Jun;54(2):40-5
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  • [Source] The source of this record is MEDLINE®, a database of the U.S. National Library of Medicine.
  • [Title] Somatotype characteristics of male patients with type 2 diabetes mellitus.
  • INTRODUCTION: Type 2 diabetes is a metabolic disorder and as such it no doubt affects the components of somatotype of diabetics.
  • AIM: The aim of this study was to determine the somatotype of males with type 2 diabetes.
  • PATIENTS AND METHODS: In the study we assessed anthropometrically 169 male patients with type 2 diabetes.
  • Measurements obtained directly were height, body weight, biepicondylar breadth of humerus, biepicondylar breadth of femur, relaxed upper arm circumference, contracted upper arm circumference, forearm circumference, waist circumference, hip circumference, thigh circumference, calf circumference.
  • Calculated parameters: Heath-Carter anthropometric somatotype components.
  • RESULTS: Mean somatotype of 40-60-year-old male diabetics was endomorphic mesomorph (endo-mesomorph), (endo 5.03; meso 6.57; ecto 2.01).
  • Mean somatotype 61-80-year-old diabetic males was endomorphic mesomorph (endo-mesomorph), (endo 4.14; meso 5.88; ecto 1.64).
  • The between-age comparison showed the somatotype in both age groups of diabetic males to be endomorphic mesomorph.
  • The differences in the ratings of the somatotype components were of high statistical significance (P < 0.001).
  • The mesomorphy and endomorphy ratings in patients with type 2 diabetes aged 40-60 years were greater than those of patients aged 61-80 years with the difference reaching statistical significance (P < 0.001).
  • CONCLUSIONS: Both age groups of male diabetics presented with endomorphic mesomorph somatotype.
  • The somatotype of Bulgarian diabetic males (endomorphic mesomorph) is more favourable with regard to the risk, course and prognosis of the disease.
  • [MeSH-major] Diabetes Mellitus, Type 2 / physiopathology. Somatotypes

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  • (PMID = 23101284.001).
  • [ISSN] 0204-8043
  • [Journal-full-title] Folia medica
  • [ISO-abbreviation] Folia Med (Plovdiv)
  • [Language] eng
  • [Publication-type] Journal Article
  • [Publication-country] Bulgaria
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38. |......... 12%  Baltadjiev AG: Somatotype characteristics of female patients with type 2 diabetes mellitus. Folia Med (Plovdiv); 2013 Jan-Mar;55(1):64-9
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  • [Source] The source of this record is MEDLINE®, a database of the U.S. National Library of Medicine.
  • [Title] Somatotype characteristics of female patients with type 2 diabetes mellitus.
  • The AIM of the present study was to determine the somatotype of females patients with type 2 diabetes mellitus.
  • MATERIAL AND METHODS: Two-hundreds and twelve female patients with type 2 diabetes mellitus were measured.
  • Measurements obtained directly were height, body weight, biepicondylar width of humerus, biepicondylar width of femur, arm circumference in relaxed state, arm circumference in contracted state, and calf circumference.
  • Parameters calculated: the components of the Heath-Carter anthrpometric somatotype.
  • RESULTS: The mean somatotype of 40-60-year-old female diabetics was mesomorph endomorph, (meso 6.09; endo 6.59; ecto 1.57).
  • The mean somatotype of 40-60-year-old female controls was mesomorphic endomorph (meso 5.65; endo 6.82; ecto 2.75).
  • The mean somatotype of 61-80-year-old diabetic females was endomorphic mesomorph (endo-mesomorph), (meso 9.41; endo 5.39; ecto 1.55).
  • The mean somatotype of 61-80-year-old female controls was mesomorph-endomorph (meso 6.70; endo 6.66; ecto 2.95).
  • CONCLUSION: The mean somatotype of diabetic females aged 40-60 years is mesomoph-endomorph; it differs from the mesomorphic mesomorph somatotype of the control subjects, Endomorphy and mesomorphy dominate clearly, and ectomorphy significantly lags behind.
  • The mean somatotype of diabetic women aged 60-80 years was endomorphic mesomorphy with the mesomorphy component leading.
  • It differed from the somatotype of the controls, where mesomorphy and endomorphy scored equally (mesomorph-endomorph).
  • The somatotype of female diabetics suggests that they have a relatively massive skeleton with well-developed muscles and greater body weight relative to height.
  • The somatotype of the Bulgarian diabetic females is more favorable on the risk, course and prognosis of the disease.
  • [MeSH-major] Diabetes Mellitus, Type 2 / physiopathology. Somatotypes

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  • (PMID = 23905489.001).
  • [ISSN] 0204-8043
  • [Journal-full-title] Folia medica
  • [ISO-abbreviation] Folia Med (Plovdiv)
  • [Language] eng
  • [Publication-type] Journal Article
  • [Publication-country] Bulgaria
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39. |......... 12%  Mackinnon SP, Jordan CH, Wilson AE: Birds of a feather sit together: physical similarity predicts seating choice. Pers Soc Psychol Bull; 2011 Jul;37(7):879-92
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  • [Source] The source of this record is MEDLINE®, a database of the U.S. National Library of Medicine.
  • [MeSH-major] Body Image. Choice Behavior. Social Identification. Somatotypes

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  • [Copyright] © 2011 by the Society for Personality and Social Psychology, Inc
  • (PMID = 21467540.001).
  • [ISSN] 1552-7433
  • [Journal-full-title] Personality & social psychology bulletin
  • [ISO-abbreviation] Pers Soc Psychol Bull
  • [Language] eng
  • [Publication-type] Journal Article; Research Support, Non-U.S. Gov't
  • [Publication-country] United States
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40. |......... 12%  Peeters MW, Claessens AL: Digit ratio (2D:4D) and competition level in world-class female gymnasts. J Sports Sci; 2013;31(12):1302-11
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  • [Source] The source of this record is MEDLINE®, a database of the U.S. National Library of Medicine.
  • Several anthropometric dimensions were measured and from those measurements an androgyny index (Bayer & Bayley) and somatotype components (endomorphy, mesomorphy, ectomorphy) were calculated.
  • Also, no significant correlations were observed between the 2D:4D ratio and anthropometric, androgyny, and somatotype characteristics, r varying from r = -0.11 to r = +0.12.
  • [MeSH-major] Athletic Performance. Body Size. Fingers. Gymnastics. Somatotypes

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  • (PMID = 23506462.001).
  • [ISSN] 1466-447X
  • [Journal-full-title] Journal of sports sciences
  • [ISO-abbreviation] J Sports Sci
  • [Language] eng
  • [Publication-type] Journal Article
  • [Publication-country] England
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41. |......... 12%  Cavala M, Katić R: Morphological, motor and situation-motor characteristics of elite female handball players according to playing performance and position. Coll Antropol; 2010 Dec;34(4):1355-61
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  • [Source] The source of this record is MEDLINE®, a database of the U.S. National Library of Medicine.
  • A battery of 13 variables consisting of somatotype components (3 variables), basic motor abilities (5 variables) and specific motor abilities (5 variables) were applied in a sample of 52 elite female handball players.
  • [MeSH-major] Athletic Performance / physiology. Motor Skills. Somatotypes. Sports

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  • (PMID = 21874721.001).
  • [ISSN] 0350-6134
  • [Journal-full-title] Collegium antropologicum
  • [ISO-abbreviation] Coll Antropol
  • [Language] eng
  • [Publication-type] Journal Article; Research Support, Non-U.S. Gov't
  • [Publication-country] Croatia
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42. |......... 12%  Pelin C, Kürkçüoğlu A, Ozener B, Yazici AC: Anthropometric characteristics of young Turkish male athletes. Coll Antropol; 2009 Dec;33(4):1057-63
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  • [Source] The source of this record is MEDLINE®, a database of the U.S. National Library of Medicine.
  • In addition to 17 anthropometric values, body mass index (BMI) and somatotype components were calculated and evaluated.
  • [MeSH-major] Body Weights and Measures. Somatotypes. Sports

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  • (PMID = 20102048.001).
  • [ISSN] 0350-6134
  • [Journal-full-title] Collegium antropologicum
  • [ISO-abbreviation] Coll Antropol
  • [Language] eng
  • [Publication-type] Comparative Study; Journal Article
  • [Publication-country] Croatia
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43. |......... 11%  Umławska W: [Body build and body proportions in children with bronchial asthma]. Med Wieku Rozwoj; 2011 Apr-Jun;15(2):162-6
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  • [Source] The source of this record is MEDLINE®, a database of the U.S. National Library of Medicine.
  • [Title] [Body build and body proportions in children with bronchial asthma].
  • Growth delay in asthmatic children, increased incidence of short stature, distorted body proportions and nutritional status impairment are reported frequently, in spite of inhaled corticosteroid drugs treatment.
  • [MeSH-major] Asthma / epidemiology. Growth Disorders / epidemiology. Somatotypes

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  • (PMID = 22002049.001).
  • [ISSN] 1428-345X
  • [Journal-full-title] Medycyna wieku rozwojowego
  • [ISO-abbreviation] Med Wieku Rozwoj
  • [Language] pol
  • [Publication-type] English Abstract; Journal Article; Review
  • [Publication-country] Poland
  • [Chemical-registry-number] 0 / Adrenal Cortex Hormones
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44. |......... 11%  Park W, Park S: Body shape analyses of large persons in South Korea. Ergonomics; 2013;56(4):692-706
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  • [Source] The source of this record is MEDLINE®, a database of the U.S. National Library of Medicine.
  • [Title] Body shape analyses of large persons in South Korea.
  • This study investigated body shapes of large persons (Broca index ≥ 20, BMI ≥ 25 or WHR>1.0) using stature-normalised body dimensions data from the latest South Korean anthropometric survey.
  • For each sex, a factor analysis was performed on the anthropometric data set to identify the key factors that explain the shape variability; and then, a cluster analysis was conducted on the factor scores data to determine a set of representative body types.
  • The body types were labelled in terms of their distinct shape characteristics and their relative frequencies were computed for each of the four age groups considered: the 10s, 20s-30s, 40s-50s and 60s.
  • PRACTITIONER SUMMARY: This study investigated body shapes of large persons using anthropometric data from South Korea.
  • For each sex, multivariate statistical analyses were conducted to identify the key factors of the body shape variability and determine the representative body types.
  • [MeSH-major] Body Size. Obesity. Somatotypes
  • [MeSH-minor] Adolescent. Adult. Age Factors. Aged. Anthropometry / methods. Body Mass Index. Child. Female. Humans. Male. Middle Aged. Prevalence. Republic of Korea / epidemiology. Risk Factors

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  • (PMID = 23438317.001).
  • [ISSN] 1366-5847
  • [Journal-full-title] Ergonomics
  • [ISO-abbreviation] Ergonomics
  • [Language] eng
  • [Publication-type] Journal Article; Research Support, Non-U.S. Gov't
  • [Publication-country] England
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45. |......... 11%  Fornal-Urban A, Keska A, Dobosz J, Nowacka-Dobosz S: [Physical fitness in relation to age and body build of young chess players]. Pediatr Endocrinol Diabetes Metab; 2009;15(3):177-82
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  • [Source] The source of this record is MEDLINE®, a database of the U.S. National Library of Medicine.
  • [Title] [Physical fitness in relation to age and body build of young chess players].
  • The aim of the study was evaluation of physical fitness and its relationship with age and body build of athletes.
  • Because of changes in body build with age and decrease of physical fitness, chess players ought to participate in regular physical activity.
  • [MeSH-major] Hobbies. Physical Fitness / physiology. Sedentary Lifestyle. Somatotypes / physiology

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  • (PMID = 20384179.001).
  • [ISSN] 2081-237X
  • [Journal-full-title] Pediatric endocrinology, diabetes, and metabolism
  • [ISO-abbreviation] Pediatr Endocrinol Diabetes Metab
  • [Language] pol
  • [Publication-type] English Abstract; Journal Article
  • [Publication-country] Poland
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46. |......... 11%  Yin CS, Park HJ, Chung JH, Lee HJ, Lee BC: Genome-wide association study of the four-constitution medicine. J Altern Complement Med; 2009 Dec;15(12):1327-33
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  • [Source] The source of this record is MEDLINE®, a database of the U.S. National Library of Medicine.
  • BACKGROUND: Four-constitution medicine (FCM), also known as Sasang constitutional medicine, and the heritage of the long history of individualized acupuncture medicine tradition, is one of the holistic and traditional systems of constitution to appraise and categorize individual differences into four major types.
  • DESIGN: Healthy individuals of the Korean population were classified into the four constitutional types (FCTs).
  • A total of 353,202 single nucleotide polymorphisms (SNPs) were typed using whole genome amplified samples, and six-way comparison of FCM types provided lists of significantly differential SNPs.
  • [MeSH-major] Individualized Medicine / methods. Medicine, Korean Traditional. Personality / genetics. Polymorphism, Single Nucleotide. Somatotypes / genetics

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  • (PMID = 19954339.001).
  • [ISSN] 1557-7708
  • [Journal-full-title] Journal of alternative and complementary medicine (New York, N.Y.)
  • [ISO-abbreviation] J Altern Complement Med
  • [Language] eng
  • [Publication-type] Journal Article; Research Support, Non-U.S. Gov't
  • [Publication-country] United States
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47. |......... 10%  Van Dam M, Hallemans A, Truijen S, Segers V, Aerts P: A cross-sectional study about the relationship between morphology and kinematic parameters in children between 15 and 36 months. Gait Posture; 2011 Jun;34(2):159-63
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  • [Source] The source of this record is MEDLINE®, a database of the U.S. National Library of Medicine.
  • All results indicated that the upper body played an important role in the coordination of the walking pattern, especially in the frontal plane.
  • [MeSH-major] Somatotypes. Walking / physiology
  • [MeSH-minor] Biomechanical Phenomena. Body Mass Index. Child, Preschool. Female. Gait. Humans. Infant. Male

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  • [Copyright] Copyright © 2011 Elsevier B.V. All rights reserved.
  • (PMID = 21550246.001).
  • [ISSN] 1879-2219
  • [Journal-full-title] Gait & posture
  • [ISO-abbreviation] Gait Posture
  • [Language] eng
  • [Publication-type] Journal Article; Research Support, Non-U.S. Gov't
  • [Publication-country] England
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48. |......... 10%  Mellor D, McCabe M, Ricciardelli L, Yeow J, Daliza N, Hapidzal NF: Sociocultural influences on body dissatisfaction and body change behaviors among Malaysian adolescents. Body Image; 2009 Mar;6(2):121-8
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  • [Source] The source of this record is MEDLINE®, a database of the U.S. National Library of Medicine.
  • [Title] Sociocultural influences on body dissatisfaction and body change behaviors among Malaysian adolescents.
  • Little research on body dissatisfaction and body change behaviors, and the sociocultural influences on them, has been undertaken in non-Western contexts.
  • The influence of sociocultural factors on body dissatisfaction and body change behaviors was limited and varied across both sex and ethnicity.
  • [MeSH-major] Body Image. Culture. Personal Satisfaction. Social Behavior. Social Desirability. Social Environment. Somatotypes

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  • (PMID = 19195942.001).
  • [ISSN] 1873-6807
  • [Journal-full-title] Body image
  • [ISO-abbreviation] Body Image
  • [Language] eng
  • [Publication-type] Journal Article
  • [Publication-country] Netherlands
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49. |......... 10%  Holway FE, Garavaglia R: Kinanthropometry of Group I rugby players in Buenos Aires, Argentina. J Sports Sci; 2009 Sep;27(11):1211-20
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  • [Source] The source of this record is MEDLINE®, a database of the U.S. National Library of Medicine.
  • We aim to report detailed descriptive anthropometric data of a sample of 133 rugby players stratified by field positions (age 24.3 +/- 3.6 years, body mass 89.5 +/- 13.2 kg, and stature 178.8 +/- 7.3 cm) belonging to seven Group I teams competing in the Buenos Aires Rugby Union, and to find out if front row forwards (FR) have larger muscle and skeletal parameters.
  • Body composition was analysed with the five-way fractionation method, expressing tissue masses in absolute terms, relative to weight as percentages and to stature as phantom z-scores.
  • Furthermore, somatotype, body mass index, sum of six skinfolds, and muscle-to-bone ratio were calculated.
  • [MeSH-major] Body Composition. Football / physiology. Somatotypes

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  • (PMID = 19697229.001).
  • [ISSN] 0264-0414
  • [Journal-full-title] Journal of sports sciences
  • [ISO-abbreviation] J Sports Sci
  • [Language] eng
  • [Publication-type] Journal Article
  • [Publication-country] England
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50. |......... 10%  Porter ME, Roque CM, Long JH Jr: Turning maneuvers in sharks: Predicting body curvature from axial morphology. J Morphol; 2009 Aug;270(8):954-65
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  • [Source] The source of this record is MEDLINE®, a database of the U.S. National Library of Medicine.
  • [Title] Turning maneuvers in sharks: Predicting body curvature from axial morphology.
  • Given the diversity of vertebral morphologies among fishes, it is tempting to propose causal links between axial morphology and body curvature.
  • We propose that shape and size of the vertebrae, intervertebral joints, and the body will more accurately predict differences in body curvature during swimming rather than a single meristic such as total vertebral number alone.
  • We examined the correlation between morphological features and maximum body curvature seen during routine turns in five species of shark: Triakis semifasciata, Heterodontus francisci, Chiloscyllium plagiosum, Chiloscyllium punctatum, and Hemiscyllium ocellatum.
  • We quantified overall body curvature using three different metrics.
  • From a separate group of size-matched individuals, we measured 16 morphological features from precaudal vertebrae and the body.
  • As predicted, a larger pool of morphological features yielded a more robust prediction of maximal body curvature than vertebral number alone.
  • Stepwise linear regression showed that up to 11 features were significant predictors of the three measures of body curvature, yielding highly significant multiple regressions with r(2) values of 0.523, 0.537, and 0.584.
  • Ranking as the fifth most important variable in three different models, the body's total length, fineness ratio, and width were the most important non-vertebral morphologies.
  • Without considering the effects of muscle activity, these correlations suggest a dominant role for the vertebral column in providing the passive mechanical properties of the body that control, in part, body curvature during swimming.
  • [MeSH-major] Movement / physiology. Sharks / anatomy & histology. Sharks / physiology. Somatotypes / physiology
  • [MeSH-minor] Animals. Body Weights and Measures. Models, Biological. Phylogeny. Spine / anatomy & histology. Spine / physiology. Swimming / physiology

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  • [Copyright] (c) 2009 Wiley-Liss, Inc.
  • (PMID = 19248153.001).
  • [ISSN] 1097-4687
  • [Journal-full-title] Journal of morphology
  • [ISO-abbreviation] J. Morphol.
  • [Language] eng
  • [Publication-type] Journal Article; Research Support, Non-U.S. Gov't; Research Support, U.S. Gov't, Non-P.H.S.
  • [Publication-country] United States
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