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1. Biomedical articles (top 50; 2009 to 2014)
1. |||||..... 50%  Farooqui MR, Meena RS: Penile strangulation by metallic rings. Indian J Surg; 2011 Oct;73(5):359-60
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  • [Source] The source of this record is MEDLINE®, a database of the U.S. National Library of Medicine.
  • [Title] Penile strangulation by metallic rings.
  • A case of penile strangulation in a 35 year old male truck driver by profession reported here.

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  • [Cites] Urology. 2002 Jan;59(1):137 [11796305.001]
  • [Cites] J Urol. 1989 Mar;141(3):617 [2918603.001]
  • [Cites] Int Urol Nephrol. 1995;27(5):639-41 [8775050.001]
  • [RetractionIn] Indian J Surg. 2013 Jun;75(3):251 [23798819.001]
  • (PMID = 23024541.001).
  • [ISSN] 0972-2068
  • [Journal-full-title] The Indian journal of surgery
  • [ISO-abbreviation] Indian J Surg
  • [Language] eng
  • [Publication-type] Journal Article; Retracted Publication
  • [Publication-country] India
  • [Other-IDs] NLM/ PMC3208704
  • [Keywords] NOTNLM ; Metallic rings / Penile strangulation
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2. |||||..... 47%  Cooper IF, Siadaty MS: 'Pathologic Functions' associated with 'Asphyxia By Strangulation': Top Publications. BioMedLib Review; PathologicFunction;AsphyxiaByStrangulation:706164604. ISSN: 2331-5717. 2014/5/23
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  • [Title] 'Pathologic Functions' associated with 'Asphyxia By Strangulation': Top Publications.
  • There are articles published each month which present 'Pathologic Function' for 'asphyxia by strangulation'.
  • Kraus JF: Effectiveness of measures to prevent unintentional deaths of infants and children from suffocation and strangulation.
  • Shapiro-Mendoza CK et al: US infant mortality trends attributable to accidental suffocation and strangulation in bed from 1984 through 2004: are rates increasing?.
  • Tarrago SB: Prevention of choking, strangulation, and suffocation in childhood.
  • Celis A et al: [Asphyxiation by suffocation and strangulation in children younger than 15 years of age].
  • Mishin ES: [Establishment of the characteristics of the noose and the mechanism of the compression of the neck in death by strangulation asphyxia].
  • Carlberg MM et al: Maternal and infant characteristics associated with accidental suffocation and strangulation in bed in US infants.
  • Fedotov DD et al: [Mental disorder in strangulation asphyxia].
  • Plevinskis PV: [The supplementary signs of strangulation asphyxia].
  • Permiakov AV: [Histologic evidence of strangulation asphyxia].
  • Mudrenko II et al: [Remote consequences of strangulation asphyxia].

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  • [Copyright] Copyright 2014 Siadaty and Cooper; licensee BioMedLib LLC.
  • (UID = 706164604.001).
  • [ISSN] 2331-5717
  • [Journal-full-title] BioMedLib Review
  • [Language] eng
  • [Publication-type] Review
  • [Publication-country] UNITED STATES
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3. |||||..... 47%  Cooper IF, Siadaty MS: 'Injuries or Poisonings' associated with 'Asphyxia By Strangulation': Top Publications. BioMedLib Review; InjuryOrPoisoning;AsphyxiaByStrangulation:706161995. ISSN: 2331-5717. 2014/10/23
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  • [Title] 'Injuries or Poisonings' associated with 'Asphyxia By Strangulation': Top Publications.
  • There are articles published each month which present 'Injury or Poisoning' for 'asphyxia by strangulation'.
  • Shapiro-Mendoza CK et al: US infant mortality trends attributable to accidental suffocation and strangulation in bed from 1984 through 2004: are rates increasing?.
  • Kraus JF: Effectiveness of measures to prevent unintentional deaths of infants and children from suffocation and strangulation.
  • Carlberg MM et al: Maternal and infant characteristics associated with accidental suffocation and strangulation in bed in US infants.
  • Mishin ES: [Establishment of the characteristics of the noose and the mechanism of the compression of the neck in death by strangulation asphyxia].
  • Tarrago SB: Prevention of choking, strangulation, and suffocation in childhood.
  • Celis A et al: [Asphyxiation by suffocation and strangulation in children younger than 15 years of age].
  • Molin IuA: [Characteristics of the development of strangulation asphyxia in various methods of complete hanging].
  • Fedotov DD et al: [Mental disorder in strangulation asphyxia].
  • Plevinskis PV: [The supplementary signs of strangulation asphyxia].
  • Permiakov AV: [Histologic evidence of strangulation asphyxia].

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  • [Copyright] Copyright 2014 Siadaty and Cooper; licensee BioMedLib LLC.
  • (UID = 706161995.001).
  • [ISSN] 2331-5717
  • [Journal-full-title] BioMedLib Review
  • [Language] eng
  • [Publication-type] Review
  • [Publication-country] UNITED STATES
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4. ||||...... 44%  Ooi CK, Goh HK, Chong KT, Lim GH: Penile strangulation: report of two unusual cases. Singapore Med J; 2009 Feb;50(2):e50-2
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  • [Source] The source of this record is MEDLINE®, a database of the U.S. National Library of Medicine.
  • [Title] Penile strangulation: report of two unusual cases.
  • We report two cases of penile strangulation that presented to our emergency department.
  • In the first case, a 60-year-old man, the object of strangulation was a metallic ring that was extricated using an orthopaedic cutter in the operating theatre.
  • In the second case, a 77-year-old man, the object of strangulation was a plastic bottle, which was extricated using surgical instruments in the emergency department, but the patient subsequently developed postobstructive diuresis.

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  • (PMID = 19296009.001).
  • [ISSN] 0037-5675
  • [Journal-full-title] Singapore medical journal
  • [ISO-abbreviation] Singapore Med J
  • [Language] eng
  • [Publication-type] Case Reports; Journal Article
  • [Publication-country] Singapore
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5. ||||...... 44%  Sathesh-Kumar T, Hanna-Jumma S, De Zoysa N, Saleemi A: Genitalia strangulation--fireman to the rescue! Ann R Coll Surg Engl; 2009 May;91(4):W15-6
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  • [Source] The source of this record is MEDLINE®, a database of the U.S. National Library of Medicine.
  • [Title] Genitalia strangulation--fireman to the rescue!
  • The incidence of metallic rings causing genitalia strangulation has been widely reported.

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  • [Cites] J Urol. 1989 Mar;141(3):617 [2918603.001]
  • [Cites] Br J Urol. 1991 Dec;68(6):618-21 [1773293.001]
  • [Cites] J Sex Med. 2007 Nov;4(6):1775-80 [17888068.001]
  • [Cites] Asian J Androl. 2006 Jan;8(1):105-6 [16372127.001]
  • [Cites] W V Med J. 2004 Sep-Oct;100(5):187-8 [15617464.001]
  • (PMID = 19416581.001).
  • [ISSN] 1478-7083
  • [Journal-full-title] Annals of the Royal College of Surgeons of England
  • [ISO-abbreviation] Ann R Coll Surg Engl
  • [Language] eng
  • [Publication-type] Case Reports; Journal Article
  • [Publication-country] England
  • [Other-IDs] NLM/ PMC2749397
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6. ||||...... 43%  Saha A, Batra P, Bansal A: Strangulation injury from indigenous rocking cradle. J Emerg Trauma Shock; 2010 Jul;3(3):298
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  • [Source] The source of this record is MEDLINE®, a database of the U.S. National Library of Medicine.
  • [Title] Strangulation injury from indigenous rocking cradle.
  • We report strangulation from an indigenously made rocking cradle in an 11-month-old female child.
  • Strangulation is an important cause of homicidal and suicidal injury in adults but in children it is usually accidental leading to death due to asphyxia as a result of partial hanging.
  • However, in India, strangulation injury is under reported although indigenous rocking cradles are very commonly used in rural India, and they are even more dangerous than the cribs and adult beds as there are no safety mechanisms therein.
  • We report a case of accidental strangulation following suspension from an indigenously made rocking cradle.

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  • (PMID = 20930979.001).
  • [ISSN] 0974-519X
  • [Journal-full-title] Journal of emergencies, trauma, and shock
  • [ISO-abbreviation] J Emerg Trauma Shock
  • [Language] eng
  • [Publication-type] Journal Article
  • [Publication-country] India
  • [Other-IDs] NLM/ PMC2938500
  • [Keywords] NOTNLM ; Indigenous rocking cradle / infant / strangulation
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7. ||||||.... 57%  Asamura H, Oki T, Masao O, Fukushima H: Unusual body posture after death leading to signs of strangulation. Am J Forensic Med Pathol; 2010 Jun;31(2):195-7
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  • [Source] The source of this record is MEDLINE®, a database of the U.S. National Library of Medicine.
  • [Title] Unusual body posture after death leading to signs of strangulation.
  • Several findings in this case pointed to death by strangulation, including facial congestion, extensive petechiae of the conjunctivae and mucosal membranes of the oral cavity, and congestion and hemorrhaging in the lingual root, laryngopharynx, and cervical lymph nodes.
  • The cause of death was ultimately identified as pulmonary thromboembolism caused by an embolus originating from a deep leg vein thrombosis.
  • If the pulmonary thromboembolism had not been detected, the cause of death may have been misidentified as strangulation.

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  • (PMID = 20154584.001).
  • [ISSN] 1533-404X
  • [Journal-full-title] The American journal of forensic medicine and pathology
  • [ISO-abbreviation] Am J Forensic Med Pathol
  • [Language] eng
  • [Publication-type] Case Reports; Journal Article
  • [Publication-country] United States
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8. |||||..... 54%  Arun M, Kumar RG, Kumar GN, Chandrakanth HV, Nagesh KR, Menezes RG: Accidental strangulation by a hot belt: an occupational medico-legal case report. Med Leg J; 2013;81(Pt 3):132-4
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  • [Source] The source of this record is MEDLINE®, a database of the U.S. National Library of Medicine.
  • [Title] Accidental strangulation by a hot belt: an occupational medico-legal case report.
  • Death due to strangulation is generally considered homicidal unless proved otherwise.
  • Here a case of accidental strangulation by a faulty machine is presented and discussed where the deceased was strangled by a heated rubber belt of a rice mill machine.
  • The term "thermal ligature strangulation" is proposed for such an occurrence.

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  • (PMID = 24057313.001).
  • [ISSN] 0025-8172
  • [Journal-full-title] The Medico-legal journal
  • [ISO-abbreviation] Med Leg J
  • [Language] eng
  • [Publication-type] Case Reports; Journal Article
  • [Publication-country] England
  • [Keywords] NOTNLM ; Occupational / accident / burns / compression of the neck / machine / medico-legal autopsy / strangulation
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9. ||||...... 44%  Jänisch S, Heine J, Günther D, Germerott T: [Examination reports on survived strangulation cases]. Arch Kriminol; 2010 Sep-Oct;226(3-4):73-82
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  • [Source] The source of this record is MEDLINE®, a database of the U.S. National Library of Medicine.
  • [Title] [Examination reports on survived strangulation cases].
  • Clinical-forensic examination of strangulation victims is an increasing part of the routine of many forensic pathology institutes.
  • 128 victims (58.7 %) had strangulation marks, 32 victims (14.7 %) ligature marks and 65 victims (29.8 %) nail marks.

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  • (PMID = 21121118.001).
  • [ISSN] 0003-9225
  • [Journal-full-title] Archiv für Kriminologie
  • [ISO-abbreviation] Arch Kriminol
  • [Language] ger
  • [Publication-type] English Abstract; Journal Article
  • [Publication-country] Germany
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10. ||||...... 44%  Acimi S: Penile strangulation by hair. Pediatr Surg Int; 2014 Jul;30(7):729-32
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  • [Source] The source of this record is MEDLINE®, a database of the U.S. National Library of Medicine.
  • [Title] Penile strangulation by hair.
  • PURPOSE: To know the causes and results of treatment of complications from a penile strangulation by hair in seven boys.
  • METHODS: From April 2000 to December 2012, seven boys presenting serious penile complications by hair strangulation have been operated in two centers.
  • CONCLUSION: The penile strangulation by hair was due to a simple accident.

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  • (PMID = 24879557.001).
  • [ISSN] 1437-9813
  • [Journal-full-title] Pediatric surgery international
  • [ISO-abbreviation] Pediatr. Surg. Int.
  • [Language] eng
  • [Publication-type] Journal Article
  • [Publication-country] Germany
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11. ||||...... 41%  Tzimas I, Bajanowski T, Pollak S, Trübner K, Thierauf A: Suicidal ligature strangulation using gymnastics bands. Int J Legal Med; 2014 Mar;128(2):313-6
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  • [Source] The source of this record is MEDLINE®, a database of the U.S. National Library of Medicine.
  • [Title] Suicidal ligature strangulation using gymnastics bands.
  • Suicidal ligature strangulation is a rare event.
  • The characteristics of suicidal ligature strangulation are summarized by Koops and Brinkmann with the emphasis on the nature of the ligature instrument(s).
  • In this article, we present two cases of self-strangulation with an almost identical modus operandi using gymnastics bands.

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  • (PMID = 24429766.001).
  • [ISSN] 1437-1596
  • [Journal-full-title] International journal of legal medicine
  • [ISO-abbreviation] Int. J. Legal Med.
  • [Language] eng
  • [Publication-type] Journal Article
  • [Publication-country] Germany
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12. ||||...... 41%  Klysner A, Lynnerup N, Hougen HP: Is acute alveolar dilation an indicator of strangulation homicide? Med Sci Law; 2011 Apr;51(2):102-5
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  • [Source] The source of this record is MEDLINE®, a database of the U.S. National Library of Medicine.
  • [Title] Is acute alveolar dilation an indicator of strangulation homicide?
  • Some cases of suspected homicidal strangulation are difficult to diagnose if the classical injuries of strangulation are few or lacking.
  • The main purpose of this study was to determine if abnormal distension of alveolar airspaces is present in strangulation deaths and whether or not it can be used to support this diagnosis.
  • The material comprised 33 victims of homicidal strangulation above the age of 15 years, autopsied at the Department of Forensic Medicine in Copenhagen between 1998 and 2007.
  • Stereologically the study showed that the alveoli in the strangulation cases were twice the size of those in the control group which was highly statistically significant concluding that abnormal distension of alveolar airspaces.

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  • (PMID = 21793473.001).
  • [ISSN] 0025-8024
  • [Journal-full-title] Medicine, science, and the law
  • [ISO-abbreviation] Med Sci Law
  • [Language] eng
  • [Publication-type] Journal Article
  • [Publication-country] England
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13. ||||...... 41%  Tanaka K, Hanyu N, Iida T, Watanabe A, Kawano S, Usuba T, Iino T, Mizuno R: Lactate levels in the detection of preoperative bowel strangulation. Am Surg; 2012 Jan;78(1):86-8
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  • [Source] The source of this record is MEDLINE®, a database of the U.S. National Library of Medicine.
  • [Title] Lactate levels in the detection of preoperative bowel strangulation.
  • The aim of this retrospective study was to examine whether various laboratory parameters could predict viability of strangulation in patients with bowel obstruction.
  • Forty patients diagnosed with bowel strangulation were included.
  • At surgery, 18 patients had viable strangulation and did not undergo resection, whereas 22 had nonviable strangulation and underwent resection of the necrotic bowel.
  • Bowel strangulation was caused most commonly by adhesions.
  • These results suggest that arterial blood lactate level (2.0 mmol/L or greater) is a useful predictor of nonviable bowel strangulation.

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  • (PMID = 22273321.001).
  • [ISSN] 1555-9823
  • [Journal-full-title] The American surgeon
  • [ISO-abbreviation] Am Surg
  • [Language] eng
  • [Publication-type] Journal Article
  • [Publication-country] United States
  • [Chemical-registry-number] 0 / Biological Markers; 0 / Lactates; 9007-41-4 / C-Reactive Protein; EC 1.1.1.27 / L-Lactate Dehydrogenase; EC 2.7.3.2 / Creatine Kinase; EC 3.2.1.- / Amylases
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14. ||||...... 41%  Alhuzaimi A, Roy N, Duncan WJ: Cardiac strangulation from epicardial pacemaker: early recognition and prevention. Cardiol Young; 2011 Aug;21(4):471-3
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  • [Source] The source of this record is MEDLINE®, a database of the U.S. National Library of Medicine.
  • [Title] Cardiac strangulation from epicardial pacemaker: early recognition and prevention.
  • Cardiac strangulation from epicardial pacemaker leads is a rare event that can be difficult to recognise and can cause serious complications such as cardiac failure or death.
  • We describe a 3-year-old girl who received an epicardial pacing system as a neonate for complete congenital cardiac block and developed cardiac strangulation from the leads.

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  • (PMID = 21411028.001).
  • [ISSN] 1467-1107
  • [Journal-full-title] Cardiology in the young
  • [ISO-abbreviation] Cardiol Young
  • [Language] eng
  • [Publication-type] Case Reports; Journal Article; Review
  • [Publication-country] England
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15. ||||...... 40%  Al Beraiki KH, Schiwy-Bochat KH, Rothschild MA: Homicidal strangulation by victim's own artificial hair extensions. Int J Legal Med; 2011 May;125(3):459-61
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  • [Source] The source of this record is MEDLINE®, a database of the U.S. National Library of Medicine.
  • [Title] Homicidal strangulation by victim's own artificial hair extensions.
  • This is the first report of a homicidal strangulation by means of the victim's own artificial hair extensions.

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  • (PMID = 21107595.001).
  • [ISSN] 1437-1596
  • [Journal-full-title] International journal of legal medicine
  • [ISO-abbreviation] Int. J. Legal Med.
  • [Language] eng
  • [Publication-type] Case Reports; Journal Article
  • [Publication-country] Germany
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16. ||||...... 40%  Kempter M, Ross S, Spendlove D, Flach PM, Preiss U, Thali MJ, Bolliger SA: Post-mortem imaging of laryngohyoid fractures in strangulation incidents: first results. Leg Med (Tokyo); 2009 Nov;11(6):267-71
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  • [Source] The source of this record is MEDLINE®, a database of the U.S. National Library of Medicine.
  • [Title] Post-mortem imaging of laryngohyoid fractures in strangulation incidents: first results.
  • Fractures and soft-tissue injuries of the neck are of great importance in forensic pathology, as they help in assessing whether strangulation took place, and if so, how severely.
  • For this purpose, we examined MSCT images of the neck of eight deceased persons who had suffered different types of strangulation and compared the findings with those obtained at the subsequent forensic autopsy.
  • These preliminary results are promising regarding the detection of fractures in strangulation cases.

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  • (PMID = 19736034.001).
  • [ISSN] 1873-4162
  • [Journal-full-title] Legal medicine (Tokyo, Japan)
  • [ISO-abbreviation] Leg Med (Tokyo)
  • [Language] eng
  • [Publication-type] Comparative Study; Journal Article
  • [Publication-country] Ireland
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17. ||||...... 39%  Kuan SY, Ticehurst K, Hoffmann KL, Crosby D, Barrs VR: Intestinal strangulation after elective ovariohysterectomy. J Feline Med Surg; 2010 Apr;12(4):325-9
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  • [Source] The source of this record is MEDLINE®, a database of the U.S. National Library of Medicine.
  • [Title] Intestinal strangulation after elective ovariohysterectomy.
  • Intestinal strangulation through a mesenteric rent was diagnosed via abdominal ultrasound and exploratory laparotomy.

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  • [Copyright] Copyright 2009 ISFM and AAFP. Published by Elsevier Ltd. All rights reserved.
  • (PMID = 20227316.001).
  • [ISSN] 1532-2750
  • [Journal-full-title] Journal of feline medicine and surgery
  • [ISO-abbreviation] J. Feline Med. Surg.
  • [Language] eng
  • [Publication-type] Case Reports; Journal Article
  • [Publication-country] England
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18. ||||...... 39%  Narayan O, Liew C, Ryan E, Amerena J, Appelbe A, Black A: Acute intrathoracic intestinal strangulation diagnosed by transthoracic echocardiography. Heart Lung Circ; 2012 Dec;21(12):831-5
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  • [Source] The source of this record is MEDLINE®, a database of the U.S. National Library of Medicine.
  • [Title] Acute intrathoracic intestinal strangulation diagnosed by transthoracic echocardiography.
  • We describe an unusual case of intrathoracic intestinal strangulation detected by transthoracic echocardiography.

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  • [Copyright] Copyright © 2012 Australian and New Zealand Society of Cardiac and Thoracic Surgeons (ANZSCTS) and the Cardiac Society of Australia and New Zealand (CSANZ). All rights reserved.
  • (PMID = 22658889.001).
  • [ISSN] 1444-2892
  • [Journal-full-title] Heart, lung & circulation
  • [ISO-abbreviation] Heart Lung Circ
  • [Language] eng
  • [Publication-type] Case Reports; Journal Article
  • [Publication-country] Australia
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19. ||||...... 39%  Vilke GM, Chan TC: Evaluation and management for carotid dissection in patients presenting after choking or strangulation. J Emerg Med; 2011 Mar;40(3):355-8
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  • [Source] The source of this record is MEDLINE®, a database of the U.S. National Library of Medicine.
  • [Title] Evaluation and management for carotid dissection in patients presenting after choking or strangulation.
  • BACKGROUND: Carotid dissection (CD) is often overlooked as a concern in strangulation and choking cases.
  • OBJECTIVE: To evaluate the literature for evaluation of choking- and strangulation-related injuries and their association with CD.
  • DISCUSSION: This article will review the literature on blunt carotid injuries, with particular attention to subjects with choking and strangulation mechanisms of injury, and will include important physical findings, when and which radiographic evaluations are indicated, and treatment.
  • CONCLUSION: Although rare, CD can occur after strangulation and choking.

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  • [Copyright] Copyright © 2011 Elsevier Inc. All rights reserved.
  • (PMID = 20363580.001).
  • [ISSN] 0736-4679
  • [Journal-full-title] The Journal of emergency medicine
  • [ISO-abbreviation] J Emerg Med
  • [Language] eng
  • [Publication-type] Case Reports; Journal Article; Review
  • [Publication-country] United States
  • [Chemical-registry-number] 0 / Anticoagulants
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20. ||||...... 39%  Konopka T, Chowaniec M: [Strangulation caused by a horse]. Arch Med Sadowej Kryminol; 2009 Apr-Jun;59(2):145-7
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  • [Title] [Strangulation caused by a horse].
  • The report presents an unusual case of strangulation, where the loop on the neck was tightened by a runaway horse.
  • During the investigation, many versions of this situation were considered: the horse running away as an accident, the horse being lashed to speed by the suspect and homicidal strangulation by the reins held in his hands.

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  • (PMID = 20073266.001).
  • [ISSN] 0324-8267
  • [Journal-full-title] Archiwum medycyny sa̧dowej i kryminologii
  • [ISO-abbreviation] Arch Med Sadowej Kryminol
  • [Language] pol
  • [Publication-type] Case Reports; English Abstract; Journal Article
  • [Publication-country] Poland
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21. ||||...... 39%  Laughon K, Glass N, Worrell C: Review and analysis of laws related to strangulation in 50 states. Eval Rev; 2009 Aug;33(4):358-69
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  • [Source] The source of this record is MEDLINE®, a database of the U.S. National Library of Medicine.
  • [Title] Review and analysis of laws related to strangulation in 50 states.
  • Nonlethal strangulation of intimate partners has substantial direct health effects and is associated with an increased risk of later lethal violence by a partner or ex-intimate partner but can be difficult to prosecute under felony assault statutes.
  • After review of state laws regarding assault, the authors identified 10 states with specific legislation related to strangulation as of March 2009 The authors examined the characteristics of these laws.
  • They recommend that all states develop policies to improve prosecution of strangulation, include strangulation in their criminal codes, and use language that includes all potential victims.

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  • (PMID = 19509117.001).
  • [ISSN] 0193-841X
  • [Journal-full-title] Evaluation review
  • [ISO-abbreviation] Eval Rev
  • [Language] eng
  • [Publication-type] Journal Article
  • [Publication-country] United States
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22. ||||...... 39%  Demirci S, Dogan KH, Erkol Z, Gunaydin G: Ligature strangulation deaths in the province of Konya (Turkey). J Forensic Leg Med; 2009 Jul;16(5):248-52
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  • [Source] The source of this record is MEDLINE®, a database of the U.S. National Library of Medicine.
  • [Title] Ligature strangulation deaths in the province of Konya (Turkey).
  • In the present study, deaths by ligature strangulation in the province of Konya (Turkey) were evaluated from the medicolegal point of view between 2001 and 2006.
  • In total 2850 medicolegal death cases, 161 (5.65%) were resulted from asphyxia and 20 (12.4%) of the deaths due to asphyxia were cases of ligature strangulation.

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  • (PMID = 19481705.001).
  • [ISSN] 1878-7487
  • [Journal-full-title] Journal of forensic and legal medicine
  • [ISO-abbreviation] J Forensic Leg Med
  • [Language] eng
  • [Publication-type] Journal Article
  • [Publication-country] England
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23. ||||...... 39%  Duband S, Timoshenko AP, Morrison AL, Prades JM, Debout M, Peoc'h M: Ear bleeding: A sign not to be underestimated in cases of strangulation. Am J Forensic Med Pathol; 2009 Jun;30(2):175-6
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  • [Source] The source of this record is MEDLINE®, a database of the U.S. National Library of Medicine.
  • [Title] Ear bleeding: A sign not to be underestimated in cases of strangulation.
  • In some forensic manuals, bleeding in the ears is anecdotally associated with strangulation.
  • We report 2 cases of criminal strangulation with hemotympanum and otorrhagia, emphasizing the importance of this sign with strangulation.
  • We present the proposed pathophysiology of the injuries and the value of otoscopic evaluation to complete the external examination in forensic cases suspicious for strangulation.

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  • (PMID = 19465811.001).
  • [ISSN] 1533-404X
  • [Journal-full-title] The American journal of forensic medicine and pathology
  • [ISO-abbreviation] Am J Forensic Med Pathol
  • [Language] eng
  • [Publication-type] Case Reports; Journal Article
  • [Publication-country] United States
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24. ||||...... 38%  Khan OA, Parvaiz AC, Vassallo DJ: Acute hernial strangulation following Wii Fit exercises. Acta Chir Belg; 2013 Jan-Feb;113(1):58-9
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  • [Title] Acute hernial strangulation following Wii Fit exercises.
  • We present a case of a patient who presented with an acute strangulation of a pre-existing asymptomatic paraumbilical hernia after completing a series of aerobic exercises on her Wii Fit.

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  • (PMID = 23550473.001).
  • [ISSN] 0001-5458
  • [Journal-full-title] Acta chirurgica Belgica
  • [ISO-abbreviation] Acta Chir. Belg.
  • [Language] eng
  • [Publication-type] Case Reports; Journal Article
  • [Publication-country] Belgium
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25. ||||...... 38%  Wu LC, Zhou WY, Yuan YS, Zhang F, Zhu B: [Forensic medicine identification of manual strangulation: an analysis of 21 cases]. Fa Yi Xue Za Zhi; 2010 Feb;26(1):37-9
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  • [Source] The source of this record is MEDLINE®, a database of the U.S. National Library of Medicine.
  • [Title] [Forensic medicine identification of manual strangulation: an analysis of 21 cases].
  • OBJECTIVE: To analyze and summarize the rule of manual strangulation, as well as to look for the key points of injury identification, in order to provide information for formulating and revising the identification regulations.
  • METHODS: Twenty-one cases of manual strangulation from 1963 to 2004 in Xiangfan were reviewed and analyzed according to the characters, symptoms and appraisements.
  • RESULTS: The majority of assaulters in manual strangulation was young adult male and often could find the counteracted wounds on them.

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  • (PMID = 20232742.001).
  • [ISSN] 1004-5619
  • [Journal-full-title] Fa yi xue za zhi
  • [ISO-abbreviation] Fa Yi Xue Za Zhi
  • [Language] chi
  • [Publication-type] English Abstract; Journal Article
  • [Publication-country] China
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26. ||||...... 38%  Karakaş BR, Yaşar B, Inal M, Ciftçi E, Bal C: The effects of Trolox treatment on experimental strangulation ileus. Acta Chir Belg; 2012 Nov-Dec;112(6):426-31
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  • [Source] The source of this record is MEDLINE®, a database of the U.S. National Library of Medicine.
  • [Title] The effects of Trolox treatment on experimental strangulation ileus.
  • The aim of this study is to investigate the effect of Trolox alone on the intestinal ischemia-reperfusion injury in strangulation ileus model, which has not been investigated previously.
  • Group Strangulation + Physiological Saline was administered physiological saline before reperfusion following strangulation ileus; Group Strangulation + Trolox was administered Trolox.
  • The higher grade (grade > or = 2) was significantly observed to decrease in Group Strangulation + Trolox when compared with Group Strangulation + Physiological Saline (p = 0.04).
  • The catalase values were found to be significantly lower in Group Strangulation + Trolox, when compared with Group Strangulation + Physiological Saline, and in Group Laparotomy + Trolox, when compared with Group Laparotomy + Physiological Saline (p < 0.01).

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  • (PMID = 23397824.001).
  • [ISSN] 0001-5458
  • [Journal-full-title] Acta chirurgica Belgica
  • [ISO-abbreviation] Acta Chir. Belg.
  • [Language] eng
  • [Publication-type] Journal Article; Research Support, Non-U.S. Gov't
  • [Publication-country] Belgium
  • [Chemical-registry-number] 0 / Antioxidants; 0 / Chromans; 0 / Reactive Oxygen Species; 56305-04-5 / 6-hydroxy-2,5,7,8-tetramethylchroman-2-carboxylic acid
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27. ||||...... 38%  Hayakawa K, Tanikake M, Yoshida S, Yamamoto A, Yamamoto E, Morimoto T: CT findings of small bowel strangulation: the importance of contrast enhancement. Emerg Radiol; 2013 Jan;20(1):3-9
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  • [Source] The source of this record is MEDLINE®, a database of the U.S. National Library of Medicine.
  • [Title] CT findings of small bowel strangulation: the importance of contrast enhancement.
  • The purpose of this study is to illustrate computed tomography (CT) findings suggestive of small bowel strangulation.
  • The direct CT findings suggestive of small bowel strangulation included high-density bowel wall on precontrast scans; lack of, or diminished contrast enhancement of the involved bowel wall; localized mesenteric fluid accumulation (mesenteric congestion); and localized pneumatosis.
  • We particularly emphasize the importance of contrast enhancement of bowel mucosa for early diagnosis to differentiate strangulation from a mechanical obstruction without bowel ischemia, and also the importance to differentiate proximal secondary gas-filled dilated small bowel loops from distal primary involved fluid-filled small bowel loops because these two types of small bowel loops are present in the single peritoneal cavity.
  • As early recognition of small bowel strangulation may help improve the patient outcome because the involved bowel loops can be preserved without resection, it is essential to become familiar with the CT signs suggested small bowel obstruction strangulation.


28. ||||...... 37%  Doberentz E, Hagemeier L, Madea B: [Cable tie used for suicidal ligature strangulation--a case report]. Arch Kriminol; 2009 Jul-Aug;224(1-2):17-25
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  • [Source] The source of this record is MEDLINE®, a database of the U.S. National Library of Medicine.
  • [Title] [Cable tie used for suicidal ligature strangulation--a case report].
  • Based on a case of self-strangulation committed with two connected cable ties, criteria for the differentiation of homicidal and suicidal ligature strangulation are discussed.
  • Apart from the history and general circumstances of the case, not only the kind of strangulation, but also the presence of any concomitant injuries, the degree of congestion and any internal injuries are of relevance for the criminalistic evaluation.

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  • (PMID = 19746825.001).
  • [ISSN] 0003-9225
  • [Journal-full-title] Archiv für Kriminologie
  • [ISO-abbreviation] Arch Kriminol
  • [Language] ger
  • [Publication-type] English Abstract; Journal Article
  • [Publication-country] Germany
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29. ||||...... 37%  Miao J, Su C, Wang W, Lin H, Li H, Lei G, Liu Y, Liu R, Zhang W, Li Z: Delayed parkinsonism with a selective symmetric basal ganglia lesion after manual strangulation. J Clin Neurosci; 2009 Apr;16(4):573-5
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  • [Source] The source of this record is MEDLINE®, a database of the U.S. National Library of Medicine.
  • [Title] Delayed parkinsonism with a selective symmetric basal ganglia lesion after manual strangulation.
  • A 21-year-old woman, who experienced manual strangulation, developed delayed parkinsonism associated with a selective symmetric basal ganglia lesion.
  • This case emphasizes the need for greater attention in detecting early brain injuries in those afflicted with strangulation so as to provide optimal management.

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  • (PMID = 19200731.001).
  • [ISSN] 0967-5868
  • [Journal-full-title] Journal of clinical neuroscience : official journal of the Neurosurgical Society of Australasia
  • [ISO-abbreviation] J Clin Neurosci
  • [Language] eng
  • [Publication-type] Case Reports; Journal Article
  • [Publication-country] Scotland
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30. ||||...... 37%  Christe A, Thoeny H, Ross S, Spendlove D, Tshering D, Bolliger S, Grabherr S, Thali MJ, Vock P, Oesterhelweg L: Life-threatening versus non-life-threatening manual strangulation: are there appropriate criteria for MR imaging of the neck? Eur Radiol; 2009 Aug;19(8):1882-9
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  • [Source] The source of this record is MEDLINE®, a database of the U.S. National Library of Medicine.
  • [Title] Life-threatening versus non-life-threatening manual strangulation: are there appropriate criteria for MR imaging of the neck?
  • The aim of the study was to determine objective radiological signs of danger to life in survivors of manual strangulation and to establish a radiological scoring system for the differentiation between life-threatening and non-life-threatening strangulation by dividing the cross section of the neck into three zones (superficial, middle and deep zone).
  • Forensic pathologists classified 56 survivors of strangulation into life-threatening and non-life-threatening cases by history and clinical examination alone, and two blinded radiologists evaluated the MRIs of the neck.
  • In 15 cases, strangulation was life-threatening (27%), compared with 41 cases in which strangulation was non-life-threatening (73%).
  • The best radiological signs on MRI to differentiate between the two groups were intramuscular haemorrhage/oedema, swelling of platysma and intracutaneous bleeding (all p = 0.02) followed by subcutaneous bleeding (p = 0.034) and haemorrhagic lymph nodes (p = 0.04), all indicating life-threatening strangulation.
  • The radiological scoring system showed a sensitivity and specificity of approximately 70% for life-threatening strangulation, when at least two neck zones were affected.
  • MRI is not only helpful in assessing the severity of strangulation, but is also an excellent documentation tool that is even admissible in court.

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  • (PMID = 19283386.001).
  • [ISSN] 1432-1084
  • [Journal-full-title] European radiology
  • [ISO-abbreviation] Eur Radiol
  • [Language] eng
  • [Publication-type] Journal Article
  • [Publication-country] Germany
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31. ||||...... 37%  Morentin B, Biritxinaga B, Crespo L: Penile strangulation: report of a fatal case. Am J Forensic Med Pathol; 2011 Dec;32(4):344-6
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  • [Source] The source of this record is MEDLINE®, a database of the U.S. National Library of Medicine.
  • [Title] Penile strangulation: report of a fatal case.
  • Penile strangulation or entrapment is an unusual entity that requires urgent treatment due to its potential complications.
  • We present the death of an adult male secondary to the complications due to penile strangulation with a plastic bottle neck.
  • The findings of autopsy were penile strangulation, necrosis of the penis, acute pyelonephritis, and bronchopneumonia.

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  • (PMID = 22101437.001).
  • [ISSN] 1533-404X
  • [Journal-full-title] The American journal of forensic medicine and pathology
  • [ISO-abbreviation] Am J Forensic Med Pathol
  • [Language] eng
  • [Publication-type] Case Reports; Journal Article
  • [Publication-country] United States
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32. ||||...... 37%  Shields LB, Corey TS, Weakley-Jones B, Stewart D: Living victims of strangulation: a 10-year review of cases in a metropolitan community. Am J Forensic Med Pathol; 2010 Dec;31(4):320-5
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  • [Source] The source of this record is MEDLINE®, a database of the U.S. National Library of Medicine.
  • [Title] Living victims of strangulation: a 10-year review of cases in a metropolitan community.
  • Strangulation is often seen in violence against women, including domestic violence cases.
  • Strangulation is defined as "a form of asphyxia characterized by closure of the blood vessels or air passages of the neck as a result of external pressure on the neck."
  • This is a 10-year case review of 102 living victims of strangulation who underwent medicolegal evaluation at the Clinical Forensic Medicine Program at a State Medical Examiner's Office serving Southern Indiana and all of Kentucky.
  • The majority of victims (79%) were strangled by an intimate partner, and manual strangulation was the most common method (83%).
  • A paucity of cases involved only strangulation, as most of the victims were subjected to myriad forms of blunt force trauma which included not only the head and neck but also other bodily regions.
  • This is a unique presentation of strangulation of living persons as most evidence of strangulation in the forensic literature has been derived from postmortem examinations of the victims.
  • This comprehensive study discussing the examination of a living strangulation victim offers valuable insight into the mechanism and the physical findings involved in the strangulation process.

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  • [Copyright] © 2010 Lippincott Williams & Wilkins, Inc.
  • (PMID = 21171201.001).
  • [ISSN] 1533-404X
  • [Journal-full-title] The American journal of forensic medicine and pathology
  • [ISO-abbreviation] Am J Forensic Med Pathol
  • [Language] eng
  • [Publication-type] Journal Article
  • [Publication-country] United States
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33. ||||...... 37%  Dogan KH, Demirci S, Gunaydin G, Buken B: Accidental ligature strangulation by an ironing machine: an unusual case. J Forensic Sci; 2010 Jan;55(1):251-3
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  • [Source] The source of this record is MEDLINE®, a database of the U.S. National Library of Medicine.
  • [Title] Accidental ligature strangulation by an ironing machine: an unusual case.
  • After the death scene investigation and autopsy were completed, it was determined that the death occurred as a result of accidental ligature strangulation.
  • Accidental ligature strangulation in which an article of clothing is caught in such an electrical machine and strangles the wearer is very rare.

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  • (PMID = 20002258.001).
  • [ISSN] 1556-4029
  • [Journal-full-title] Journal of forensic sciences
  • [ISO-abbreviation] J. Forensic Sci.
  • [Language] eng
  • [Publication-type] Case Reports; Journal Article
  • [Publication-country] United States
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34. ||||...... 37%  Sivanandan S, Sinha A, Juneja R, Lodha R: Reversible acute left ventricular dysfunction in accidental strangulation. Pediatr Crit Care Med; 2009 Jan;10(1):e5-8
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  • [Source] The source of this record is MEDLINE®, a database of the U.S. National Library of Medicine.
  • [Title] Reversible acute left ventricular dysfunction in accidental strangulation.
  • OBJECTIVE: : To report reversible acute left ventricular dysfunction after accidental strangulation in an 8-year-old boy.
  • PATIENT: : Review of the medical record and clinical course of the patient who developed cardiogenic shock and pulmonary edema after strangulation.
  • CONCLUSIONS: : Exaggerated sympathetic stimulation due to strangulation can result in acute reversible myocardial dysfunction mimicking myocardial infarction.

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  • (PMID = 19131866.001).
  • [ISSN] 1529-7535
  • [Journal-full-title] Pediatric critical care medicine : a journal of the Society of Critical Care Medicine and the World Federation of Pediatric Intensive and Critical Care Societies
  • [ISO-abbreviation] Pediatr Crit Care Med
  • [Language] eng
  • [Publication-type] Case Reports; Journal Article; Review
  • [Publication-country] United States
  • [Number-of-references] 18
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35. ||||...... 37%  Singh I, Joshi MK, Jaura MS: Strangulation of penis by a ball bearing device. J Sex Med; 2010 Nov;7(11):3793-7
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  • [Source] The source of this record is MEDLINE®, a database of the U.S. National Library of Medicine.
  • [Title] Strangulation of penis by a ball bearing device.
  • INTRODUCTION: Penile strangulation is rare and usually results following placement of constricting objects to enhance sexual stimulation.
  • Various objects causing penile strangulation have been reported.
  • METHODS: The published English literature (PubMed™) was searched for cases of "penile strangulation" using the keywords penile strangulation, penile injury, penile trauma, penile constriction, penile entrapment, and penile incarceration.
  • RESULTS: Search results yielded several cases of penile strangulation caused by a variety of metallic and nonmetallic objects.
  • CONCLUSIONS: Penile strangulation should be viewed and managed as an emergency in order to prevent penile necrosis and urethral injury and to preserve erectile function.
  • The modified method described herein for managing penile strangulation due to heavy metallic rings is minimally invasive, safe, effective, does not require any special cutting instrument(s) or skill, and is free of causing iatrogenic collateral thermal or mechanical damage to the penile organ.

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  • [Copyright] © 2010 International Society for Sexual Medicine.
  • (PMID = 20646187.001).
  • [ISSN] 1743-6109
  • [Journal-full-title] The journal of sexual medicine
  • [ISO-abbreviation] J Sex Med
  • [Language] eng
  • [Publication-type] Case Reports; Journal Article
  • [Publication-country] United States
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36. ||||...... 36%  Demirci S, Dogan KH, Erkol Z, Gunaydin G: Suicide by ligature strangulation: three case reports. Am J Forensic Med Pathol; 2009 Dec;30(4):369-72
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  • [Title] Suicide by ligature strangulation: three case reports.
  • Suicide by ligature strangulation, which gives the initial impression of a homicide, is very rare.
  • In this article, 3 suicidal death cases caused by ligature strangulation in Konya between 2001 and 2006 are presented.
  • As a result of the death scene investigations, autopsies, and judicial inquiries, it was concluded that death was by suicide in all 3 cases.
  • Because the use of the ligature strangulation method, and particularly the tourniquet method, in suicidal cases is extremely rare in the literature, our aim is to present and discuss these cases.

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  • (PMID = 19901818.001).
  • [ISSN] 1533-404X
  • [Journal-full-title] The American journal of forensic medicine and pathology
  • [ISO-abbreviation] Am J Forensic Med Pathol
  • [Language] eng
  • [Publication-type] Case Reports; Journal Article
  • [Publication-country] United States
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37. ||||...... 36%  Sauvageau A, Ambrosi C, Kelly S: Three nonlethal ligature strangulations filmed by an autoerotic practitioner: comparison of early agonal responses in strangulation by ligature, hanging, and manual strangulation. Am J Forensic Med Pathol; 2012 Dec;33(4):339-40
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  • [Source] The source of this record is MEDLINE®, a database of the U.S. National Library of Medicine.
  • [Title] Three nonlethal ligature strangulations filmed by an autoerotic practitioner: comparison of early agonal responses in strangulation by ligature, hanging, and manual strangulation.
  • Despite great advances in forensic sciences in the last decades, our knowledge of the pathophysiology of ligature strangulation is still largely based on old writings from the 19th and beginning of the 20th century.
  • The study of filmed hangings by the Working Group on Human Asphyxia has contributed to a better understanding of the agonal responses to strangulation by hanging, and judo-related studies have given some insight into the pathophysiology of manual strangulation, but the pathophysiology of ligature strangulation has remained largely unexplored so far.

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  • (PMID = 22922552.001).
  • [ISSN] 1533-404X
  • [Journal-full-title] The American journal of forensic medicine and pathology
  • [ISO-abbreviation] Am J Forensic Med Pathol
  • [Language] eng
  • [Publication-type] Case Reports; Comparative Study; Journal Article; Research Support, Non-U.S. Gov't
  • [Publication-country] United States
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38. ||||...... 36%  van der Voorn MM, Oen PR: [Abdominal pain caused by mobile caecum with strangulation]. Ned Tijdschr Geneeskd; 2010;154:A921
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  • [Source] The source of this record is MEDLINE®, a database of the U.S. National Library of Medicine.
  • [Title] [Abdominal pain caused by mobile caecum with strangulation].
  • Plain abdominal radiography and computed tomography showed a substantially dilated bowel with torsion of the organ structures and suspected strangulation of the colon.
  • There was also strangulation and herniation of both structures through the foramen of Winslow around the hepatoduodenal ligament, protruding through the minor omentum.

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  • (PMID = 20170581.001).
  • [ISSN] 1876-8784
  • [Journal-full-title] Nederlands tijdschrift voor geneeskunde
  • [ISO-abbreviation] Ned Tijdschr Geneeskd
  • [Language] dut
  • [Publication-type] Case Reports; English Abstract; Journal Article
  • [Publication-country] Netherlands
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39. ||||...... 36%  Gan WD, Guo HQ, Zeng LQ, Lian HB, Yao LF, Qu F, Yan X: [Treatment of penile strangulation and sexual psychological analysis of the patients]. Zhonghua Nan Ke Xue; 2011 Jun;17(6):535-7
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  • [Source] The source of this record is MEDLINE®, a database of the U.S. National Library of Medicine.
  • [Title] [Treatment of penile strangulation and sexual psychological analysis of the patients].
  • OBJECTIVE: To find the best treatment of penile strangulation and to analyze the sexual psychological factors of the patients.
  • METHODS: We retrospectively analyzed the experiences in removing foreign objects around the penis in 21 patients aged 19 - 61 years with the strangulation time varying from 10 hours to 4 days.

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  • (PMID = 21735654.001).
  • [ISSN] 1009-3591
  • [Journal-full-title] Zhonghua nan ke xue = National journal of andrology
  • [ISO-abbreviation] Zhonghua Nan Ke Xue
  • [Language] chi
  • [Publication-type] English Abstract; Journal Article
  • [Publication-country] China
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40. ||||...... 36%  d'Annunzio E, Chafai N, Tiret E: Pitfalls in familial mediterranean fever: acute intestinal strangulation/obstruction due to primary adhesions. J Visc Surg; 2011 Jun;148(3):e217-9
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  • [Source] The source of this record is MEDLINE®, a database of the U.S. National Library of Medicine.
  • [Title] Pitfalls in familial mediterranean fever: acute intestinal strangulation/obstruction due to primary adhesions.
  • When an atypical bout of pain fails to resolve spontaneously and rapidly, the surgeon must consider the diagnosis of intestinal obstruction due to an adhesive band with the associated risk of strangulation with bowel necrosis.


41. ||||...... 36%  Phillips PM, Correia JA, Karlsson PM, Muthu T, Balakrishnan V, Hussain Z: Symptomatic delayed trans-dural herniation and strangulation of cauda equinae following resection of Myxopapillary ependymoma. Br J Neurosurg; 2012 Jun;26(3):432-3
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  • [Source] The source of this record is MEDLINE®, a database of the U.S. National Library of Medicine.
  • [Title] Symptomatic delayed trans-dural herniation and strangulation of cauda equinae following resection of Myxopapillary ependymoma.
  • We present a 63-year-old male who developed a delayed pseudomeningocoele and symptomatic transdural herniation and strangulation of the cauda equinae following resection of a Myxopapillary ependymoma.


42. ||||...... 36%  Atilgan M: A case of suicidal ligature strangulation by using a tourniquet method. Am J Forensic Med Pathol; 2010 Mar;31(1):85-6
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  • [Source] The source of this record is MEDLINE®, a database of the U.S. National Library of Medicine.
  • [Title] A case of suicidal ligature strangulation by using a tourniquet method.
  • In this study, an unusual case of suicidal ligature strangulation with a tourniquet method using a walking stick is presented.A 70-year-old-man was found dead in his room, a piece of cloth wrapped around the neck, knotted, and tightened by a walking stick.
  • A thorough death scene investigation, detailed corpse examination, and autopsy are extremely important for determining the manner of death in such ligature strangulation cases.

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  • (PMID = 19935390.001).
  • [ISSN] 1533-404X
  • [Journal-full-title] The American journal of forensic medicine and pathology
  • [ISO-abbreviation] Am J Forensic Med Pathol
  • [Language] eng
  • [Publication-type] Case Reports; Journal Article
  • [Publication-country] United States
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43. ||||...... 36%  Di Paolo M, Guidi B, Bruschini L, Vessio G, Domenici R, Ambrosino N: Unexpected delayed death after manual strangulation: need for careful examination in the emergency room. Monaldi Arch Chest Dis; 2009 Sep;71(3):132-4
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  • [Source] The source of this record is MEDLINE®, a database of the U.S. National Library of Medicine.
  • [Title] Unexpected delayed death after manual strangulation: need for careful examination in the emergency room.
  • The aim of this case report was to demonstrate the importance of detailed clinical assessment in victims of attempted manual strangulation, to prevent the occurrence of delayed death due to an airway collapse; and to provide an update on clinical management of these patients.
  • An elderly male patient presented with a sore throat and speech impairment after attempting manual strangulation.
  • In conclusion, victims of manual strangulation can survive despite internal neck injury which can lead to delayed fatal airway collapse.

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  • (PMID = 19999960.001).
  • [ISSN] 1122-0643
  • [Journal-full-title] Monaldi archives for chest disease = Archivio Monaldi per le malattie del torace / Fondazione clinica del lavoro, IRCCS [and] Istituto di clinica tisiologica e malattie apparato respiratorio, Università di Napoli, Secondo ateneo
  • [ISO-abbreviation] Monaldi Arch Chest Dis
  • [Language] eng
  • [Publication-type] Case Reports; Journal Article
  • [Publication-country] Italy
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44. ||||...... 36%  Kobayashi H, Kaneko G, Nishimoto K, Uchida A: [A case of penile strangulation by polyethylene terephthalate bottle]. Hinyokika Kiyo; 2010 Jan;56(1):63-5
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  • [Source] The source of this record is MEDLINE®, a database of the U.S. National Library of Medicine.
  • [Title] [A case of penile strangulation by polyethylene terephthalate bottle].
  • Penile strangulation is one of the emergent urologic disorders, because immediate release is the critical treatment to prevent penile necrosis, urethral injury, erectile disorder, and other unfavorable events.
  • The strangulation time was four hours and a half, and there were no complications.

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  • (PMID = 20104014.001).
  • [ISSN] 0018-1994
  • [Journal-full-title] Hinyokika kiyo. Acta urologica Japonica
  • [ISO-abbreviation] Hinyokika Kiyo
  • [Language] jpn
  • [Publication-type] Case Reports; English Abstract; Journal Article; Review
  • [Publication-country] Japan
  • [Chemical-registry-number] 0 / Polyethylene Terephthalates
  • [Number-of-references] 15
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45. ||||...... 35%  Nuhu A, Edino ST, Agbese GO, Kallamu M: Penile gangrene due to strangulation by a metallic nut: a case report. West Afr J Med; 2009 Sep-Oct;28(5):340-2
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  • [Source] The source of this record is MEDLINE®, a database of the U.S. National Library of Medicine.
  • [Title] Penile gangrene due to strangulation by a metallic nut: a case report.
  • BACKGROUND: Penile entrapment and subsequent strangulation is a serious injury that requires a prompt treatment to avoid gangrene.
  • OBJECTIVE: We report our experience dealing with a case of penile gangrene following strangulation by a metallic nut in a middle aged Nigerian.
  • METHODS: We summarise the case history, physical findings, investigations and operative treatment of a middle aged man who slipped a round metallic nut over his penis, entrapping it for five days causing strangulation and subsequent gangrene.
  • The literature on penile entrapment, strangulation and gangrene is also reviewed.
  • Suprapubic cystostomy was done and he had total penile amputation and perineal urethrostomy CONCLUSION: Entrapment of the penis leading to strangulation is a rare condition that needs urgent relief, otherwise penile gangrene sets in, the treatment of which has very serious consequences.

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  • (PMID = 20383828.001).
  • [ISSN] 0189-160X
  • [Journal-full-title] West African journal of medicine
  • [ISO-abbreviation] West Afr J Med
  • [Language] eng
  • [Publication-type] Case Reports; Journal Article
  • [Publication-country] Nigeria
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46. ||||...... 35%  Samberkar PN: Motor vehicle-assisted ligature strangulation causing complete decapitation: an autopsy report. Am J Forensic Med Pathol; 2012 Mar;33(1):86-7
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  • [Source] The source of this record is MEDLINE®, a database of the U.S. National Library of Medicine.
  • [Title] Motor vehicle-assisted ligature strangulation causing complete decapitation: an autopsy report.
  • A nylon rope was used for ligature strangulation.
  • From the findings, it was obvious that asphyxiation was involved in the death before decapitation.

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  • (PMID = 21455053.001).
  • [ISSN] 1533-404X
  • [Journal-full-title] The American journal of forensic medicine and pathology
  • [ISO-abbreviation] Am J Forensic Med Pathol
  • [Language] eng
  • [Publication-type] Case Reports; Journal Article
  • [Publication-country] United States
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47. ||||...... 35%  Sorokin V, Persechino F, DeRoux SJ, Greenberg MJ: Suicidal ligature strangulation utilizing cable ties: a report of three cases. Forensic Sci Med Pathol; 2012 Mar;8(1):52-5
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  • [Source] The source of this record is MEDLINE®, a database of the U.S. National Library of Medicine.
  • [Title] Suicidal ligature strangulation utilizing cable ties: a report of three cases.
  • In 2006 the US National Vital Statistics Report recorded 33,300 suicides in the United States, of which hanging, strangulation and suffocation combined to account for 7,491 (22.5%) of the cases.
  • Self strangulation by ligature is uncommon and in the majority of cases, scarves, belts, neckties and rope are used.
  • In the third case a tensioning tool was used by a 54-year old man to tighten a cable tie around his neck during self strangulation.

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  • (PMID = 21901550.001).
  • [ISSN] 1556-2891
  • [Journal-full-title] Forensic science, medicine, and pathology
  • [ISO-abbreviation] Forensic Sci Med Pathol
  • [Language] eng
  • [Publication-type] Case Reports; Journal Article
  • [Publication-country] United States
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48. ||||...... 35%  Sumi T, Katsumata K, Tsuchida A, Sonoda I, Shimazu M, Aoki T: Evaluation of sequential organ failure assessment score for patients with strangulation ileus. Langenbecks Arch Surg; 2010 Jan;395(1):27-31
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  • [Source] The source of this record is MEDLINE®, a database of the U.S. National Library of Medicine.
  • [Title] Evaluation of sequential organ failure assessment score for patients with strangulation ileus.
  • BACKGROUND: We examined the effectiveness of sequential organ failure assessment (SOFA) score to describe patients with strangulation ileus.
  • On the basis of surgical findings, they were classified into two groups; the strangulation group, consisting of 25 patients, and the control group, consisting of 41 patients with simple ileus.
  • CONCLUSIONS: These results showed that it may be helpful to use SOFA score in combination with further diagnostic tools, while the experience of clinicians will be still required for diagnosis of strangulation ileus.
  • [MeSH-major] Cause of Death. Digestive System Surgical Procedures / methods. Ileus / pathology. Ileus / surgery. Multiple Organ Failure / epidemiology

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  • (PMID = 18663463.001).
  • [ISSN] 1435-2451
  • [Journal-full-title] Langenbeck's archives of surgery / Deutsche Gesellschaft für Chirurgie
  • [ISO-abbreviation] Langenbecks Arch Surg
  • [Language] eng
  • [Publication-type] Evaluation Studies; Journal Article
  • [Publication-country] Germany
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49. ||||...... 35%  Käser SA, Willi N, Maurer CA: Mandatory resection of strangulation marks in small bowel obstruction? World J Surg; 2014 Jan;38(1):11-5
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  • [Source] The source of this record is MEDLINE®, a database of the U.S. National Library of Medicine.
  • [Title] Mandatory resection of strangulation marks in small bowel obstruction?
  • BACKGROUND: No evidence is available on how to treat intraoperatively detected band-shaped strangulation marks of the bowel wall originating from an adhesive band or hernia ring.
  • The authors prefer to resect these hazardous strangulation marks to avoid secondary small bowel perforation.
  • This retrospective study investigated the prevalence of intraoperatively unrecognized ulceration and transmural necrosis at the site of the strangulation marks.
  • METHODS: From July 2003 to July 2011, a total of 31 of 461 patients with acute bowel obstruction underwent small bowel resection due to strangulation marks, exclusively.
  • Seven patients had two strangulation marks, resulting in 38 strangulation marks to be analyzed.
  • RESULTS: From 38 examined strangulation marks, 14 (36.8 %) exhibited deep ulceration or transmural necrosis.
  • Four (10.5 %) necrotic lesions had already been recognized intraoperatively, while 7 (18.4 %) unsuspicious strangulation marks showed deep ulceration and 3 (7.9 %) showed transmural necrosis exclusively at final histopathologic examination.
  • The number of strangulation marks that needed to be resected for prevention of one missed deep ulceration and/or transmural necrosis of the small bowel was 3.4.
  • The presence of deep ulceration or transmural necrosis is associated with an obvious decrease in bowel diameter caudad to the strangulation mark.
  • CONCLUSION: The severity of small bowel damage at the site of band-shaped strangulation marks may be underestimated by surgeons.
  • The present series showed favorable results with a resection-per-principle policy for these strangulation marks.
  • If an obvious decrease of bowel diameter aborally to the strangulation mark is present, resection or seromuscular invagination of the later is particularly recommended.

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  • [CommentIn] World J Surg. 2014 Jan;38(1):16-7 [24142332.001]
  • (PMID = 24132821.001).
  • [ISSN] 1432-2323
  • [Journal-full-title] World journal of surgery
  • [ISO-abbreviation] World J Surg
  • [Language] eng
  • [Publication-type] Journal Article
  • [Publication-country] United States
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50. |||....... 35%  Egge MK, Berkowitz CD, Toms C, Sathyavagiswaran L: The choking game: a cause of unintentional strangulation. Pediatr Emerg Care; 2010 Mar;26(3):206-8
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  • [Source] The source of this record is MEDLINE®, a database of the U.S. National Library of Medicine.
  • [Title] The choking game: a cause of unintentional strangulation.
  • A sexual assault examination was performed, and the finding was negative.
  • Accident, suicide, homicide, autoerotic behavior, and the "choking game" should be considered in the differential when an adolescent presents with evidence of strangulation.

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  • (PMID = 20216282.001).
  • [ISSN] 1535-1815
  • [Journal-full-title] Pediatric emergency care
  • [ISO-abbreviation] Pediatr Emerg Care
  • [Language] eng
  • [Publication-type] Case Reports; Journal Article
  • [Publication-country] United States
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