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1. Biomedical articles (top 50; 2010 to 2015)
1. Samal AG, Behera PK, Sahoo P: Abdominal scar endometriosis. Indian J Surg; 2013 Jun;75(Suppl 1):217-9
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  • [Source] The source of this record is MEDLINE®, a database of the U.S. National Library of Medicine.
  • [Title] Abdominal scar endometriosis.
  • Abdominal scar endometriosis is very rare.
  • We report a case of abdominal scar endometriosis in a 32-year-old woman presented with a blue lesion over the abdominal scar for 7 months.
  • She had history of intermittent dull aching pain over the scar for 5 years.
  • Excision of the lump was done with the clinical diagnosis of vascular malformation over the scar.
  • The histopathological report revealed decidual change in the scar tissue suggesting abdominal scar endometriosis.
  • Abdominal scar endometriosis should be kept in mind while dealing a case of the painful lump over the abdominal scar in any woman of childbearing age having a history of obstetric or gynecological procedure.

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  • (PMID = 24426570.001).
  • [ISSN] 0972-2068
  • [Journal-full-title] The Indian journal of surgery
  • [ISO-abbreviation] Indian J Surg
  • [Language] eng
  • [Publication-type] Journal Article
  • [Publication-country] India
  • [Other-IDs] NLM/ PMC3693315
  • [Keywords] NOTNLM ; Abdominal scar / Decidual change / Endometriosis
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2. Barlas D, Bozkurt S, Kaya MA, Celik F: [Scar endometriosis in the rectus abdominis muscle]. Ulus Travma Acil Cerrahi Derg; 2010 Jul;16(4):371-2
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  • [Source] The source of this record is MEDLINE®, a database of the U.S. National Library of Medicine.
  • [Title] [Scar endometriosis in the rectus abdominis muscle].
  • Endometriosis is defined as the presence of ectopic functional endometrial tissue outside the uterine cavity.
  • The diagnosis of scar endometriosis is usually not difficult and is based on history and physical examination.
  • We report here two cases who developed endometriosis on the abdominal wall in the rectus abdominis muscle and were treated with local excisions.
  • [MeSH-major] Cicatrix / etiology. Endometriosis / pathology. Rectus Abdominis / pathology

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  • (PMID = 20849058.001).
  • [ISSN] 1306-696X
  • [Journal-full-title] Ulusal travma ve acil cerrahi dergisi = Turkish journal of trauma & emergency surgery : TJTES
  • [ISO-abbreviation] Ulus Travma Acil Cerrahi Derg
  • [Language] tur
  • [Publication-type] Case Reports; English Abstract; Journal Article
  • [Publication-country] Turkey
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3. Goel P, Devi L, Tandon R, Saha PK, Dalal A: Scar endometriosis - a series of six patients. Int J Surg; 2011;9(1):39-40
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  • [Source] The source of this record is MEDLINE®, a database of the U.S. National Library of Medicine.
  • [Title] Scar endometriosis - a series of six patients.
  • INTRODUCTION: Scar endometriosis is a rare form of extrapelvic endometriosis that is usually confused with other surgical or dermatological conditions leading to delay in diagnosis.
  • METHODS: We reviewed the case records of patients with the diagnosis of scar endometriosis seen in our hospital from January 1996 to December 2008.
  • RESULTS: We found six patients of scar endometriosis in 13 years making it one of the rare conditions.
  • CONCLUSIONS: Increasing awareness of this condition among doctors can help in early diagnosis and treatment with gratifying results.
  • [MeSH-major] Cicatrix / diagnosis. Cicatrix / etiology. Endometriosis / diagnosis. Endometriosis / etiology

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  • [Copyright] Copyright © 2010 Surgical Associates Ltd. Published by Elsevier Ltd. All rights reserved.
  • (PMID = 20804870.001).
  • [ISSN] 1743-9159
  • [Journal-full-title] International journal of surgery (London, England)
  • [ISO-abbreviation] Int J Surg
  • [Language] eng
  • [Publication-type] Journal Article
  • [Publication-country] England
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4. Akbulut S, Sevinc MM, Bakir S, Cakabay B, Sezgin A: Scar endometriosis in the abdominal wall: a predictable condition for experienced surgeons. Acta Chir Belg; 2010 May-Jun;110(3):303-7
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  • [Source] The source of this record is MEDLINE®, a database of the U.S. National Library of Medicine.
  • [Title] Scar endometriosis in the abdominal wall: a predictable condition for experienced surgeons.
  • PURPOSE: Endometriosis in surgical scars develops in 0.1% of those women who undergo Caesarean section or other obstetric surgery.
  • Herein we analyse and discuss the clinico-pathological characteristics of 15 patients with scar endometriosis in the abdominal wall.
  • METHODS: Fifteen cases of scar endometriosis in the abdominal wall that were treated surgically in our department between 2003 and 2009 were examined retrospectively.
  • [MeSH-major] Abdominal Wall. Cicatrix / complications. Endometriosis / etiology. Endometriosis / therapy. Postoperative Complications

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  • (PMID = 20690511.001).
  • [ISSN] 0001-5458
  • [Journal-full-title] Acta chirurgica Belgica
  • [ISO-abbreviation] Acta Chir. Belg.
  • [Language] eng
  • [Publication-type] Journal Article
  • [Publication-country] Belgium
  • [Chemical-registry-number] 0 / Contraceptives, Oral; 0 / Estrogen Antagonists; 0 / Fertility Agents, Female; N29QWW3BUO / Danazol; PXW8U3YXDV / Buserelin
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5. Kitajima T, Inoue M, Uchida K, Otake K, Kusunoki M: Scar endometriosis in a patient with bladder exstrophy. Int Surg; 2013 Apr-Jun;98(2):145-8
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  • [Source] The source of this record is MEDLINE®, a database of the U.S. National Library of Medicine.
  • [Title] Scar endometriosis in a patient with bladder exstrophy.
  • Endometriosis is an ectopic occurrence of tissue morphologically and functionally resembling endometrial tissue in regions outside the uterine cavity.
  • Although scar endometriosis after surgery has been shown to be most common among all the extrapelvic forms of endometriosis, endometriosis after bladder exstrophy surgery has not been reported, and here we present the first known case.
  • A 26-year-old woman with a history of bladder exstrophy was aware of a painful induration at the operative scar located in the left lower abdominal wall, and presented at our hospital.
  • Histopathology confirmed the diagnosis of endometriosis.
  • [MeSH-major] Abdominal Wall / pathology. Bladder Exstrophy / surgery. Cicatrix / complications. Endometriosis / diagnosis. Postoperative Complications / diagnosis


6. 'Disorder Endometriosis In Of Scar Skin': Top Publications. BioMedLib Review OC; ;DisorderEndometriosisIn:708112316. ISSN: 2331-5717. 2015/10/7; updates online.
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  • [Title] 'Disorder Endometriosis In Of Scar Skin': Top Publications.
  • [Transliterated title]
  • Background: There are articles published each month which present 'disorder endometriosis in of scar skin'.
  • Finding such articles is important for researchers, clinicians, and patients.
  • However these articles are spread across thousands of journals.
  • This makes searching and locating the relevant publications a challenge.
  • We have used BioMedLib's semantic search technology to address the issue, and gathered all the pertinent publications in this review article.
  • Methods: We categorized the publications we found into two groups.
  • We used the strength of textual-association to separate the groups.
  • In group one there are publications with the strongest evidence of association. We focused finding the most relevant publications pertinent to our goal, rather than combining them into a conclusion section. Such textual synthesis will be the focus of our next project.
  • Results: Group one includes 9 publications, and group two 155 publications.
  • Here are the top 5.
  • Barlas D et al: [Scar endometriosis in the rectus abdominis muscle].
  • Kitajima T et al: Scar endometriosis in a patient with bladder exstrophy.
  • Leiman G et al: Mucinous metaplasia in scar endometriosis. Diagnosis by aspiration cytology.
  • Harry VN et al: Isolated clear cell adenocarcinoma in scar endometriosis mimicking an incisional hernia.
  • Olejek A et al: [Adenocarcinoma arising from endometriosis in scar from a cesarean section treated with the use of plastic mesh].

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  • [Copyright] Copyright 2015 Siadaty and Cooper; licensee BioMedLib LLC.
  • (UID = 708112316.001).
  • [ISSN] 2331-5717
  • [Journal-full-title] BioMedLib Review OC
  • [Language] eng
  • [Publication-type] Review
  • [Publication-country] UNITED STATES
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7. Pathan ZA, Dinesh U, Rao R: Scar endometriosis. J Cytol; 2010 Jul;27(3):106-8
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  • [Source] The source of this record is MEDLINE®, a database of the U.S. National Library of Medicine.
  • [Title] Scar endometriosis.
  • Endometriosis is the presence of functioning endometrium outside the uterus.
  • Endometriosis rarely occurs in the abdominal wall.
  • Majority of abdominal wall endometriosis occur in or adjacent to surgical scars, following caesarean section or hysterectomy.
  • Laparotomy scar endometriosis following salpingectomy for ectopic pregnancy has rarely been reported.
  • We report a case of scar endometriosis following laparotomy for chronic ectopic, and diagnosed by fine needle aspiration cytology (FNAC).
  • Excision biopsy confirmed the FNAC diagnosis of scar endometriosis.

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  • (PMID = 21187878.001).
  • [ISSN] 0974-5165
  • [Journal-full-title] Journal of cytology / Indian Academy of Cytologists
  • [ISO-abbreviation] J Cytol
  • [Language] eng
  • [Publication-type] Journal Article
  • [Publication-country] India
  • [Other-IDs] NLM/ PMC2983076
  • [Keywords] NOTNLM ; Abdominal wall endometriosis / fine needle aspiration cytology / laparotomy scar
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8. Marsden NJ, Wilson-Jones N: Scar endometriosis: a rare skin lesion presenting to the plastic surgeon. J Plast Reconstr Aesthet Surg; 2013 Apr;66(4):e111-3
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  • [Source] The source of this record is MEDLINE®, a database of the U.S. National Library of Medicine.
  • [Title] Scar endometriosis: a rare skin lesion presenting to the plastic surgeon.
  • Endometriosis is the presence or growth of endometrial tissue outside the uterus, most commonly affecting the ovaries, uterine ligaments and the peritoneum.
  • Cutaneous endometriosis is much rarer, and is mostly found at the sites of surgical scars, such as laparoscopies, hysterectomies and caesarean sections.
  • We present a rare case of scar endometriosis in a 33 year-old women presenting to the plastic surgeon as a possible skin malignancy and review the literature.
  • [MeSH-major] Cesarean Section. Cicatrix / pathology. Endometriosis / pathology. Skin Diseases / pathology

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  • [Copyright] Copyright © 2012 British Association of Plastic, Reconstructive and Aesthetic Surgeons. Published by Elsevier Ltd. All rights reserved.
  • (PMID = 23369738.001).
  • [ISSN] 1878-0539
  • [Journal-full-title] Journal of plastic, reconstructive & aesthetic surgery : JPRAS
  • [ISO-abbreviation] J Plast Reconstr Aesthet Surg
  • [Language] eng
  • [Publication-type] Case Reports; Journal Article; Review
  • [Publication-country] Netherlands
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9. Mistrangelo M, Gilbo N, Cassoni P, Micalef S, Faletti R, Miglietta C, Brustia R, Bonnet G, Gregori G, Morino M: Surgical scar endometriosis. Surg Today; 2014 Apr;44(4):767-72
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  • [Source] The source of this record is MEDLINE®, a database of the U.S. National Library of Medicine.
  • [Title] Surgical scar endometriosis.
  • Endometriosis is a common disorder in females of reproductive age.
  • Surgical scar endometrioma after cesarean section develops in 1-2% of patients, and usually presents as a tender and painful abdominal wall mass.
  • The diagnosis is suggested by pre or perimenstrual pelvic pain and is often established only by histology.
  • In this retrospective observational cohort study, we reviewed the medical records of five patients with a histopathological diagnosis of scar endometriosis.
  • A scar mass was found on a previous Pfannenstiel incision in four patients and in a median cesarean section in one patient.
  • The mean age at diagnosis (38.6 years, median 38) was older than reported elsewhere.
  • A histological examination of the surgical specimen confirmed the diagnosis of endometriosis in all cases.
  • Surgery is the treatment of choice for surgical scar endometriosis.
  • As scar endometriosis may be associated with pelvic localization, explorative abdominal laparoscopy may be indicated to exclude the intraperitoneal spread of the disease in symptomatic patients.
  • [MeSH-major] Cicatrix / etiology. Endometriosis / etiology. Endometriosis / surgery. Peritoneal Diseases / etiology. Peritoneal Diseases / surgery


10. Pikoulis E, Karavokiros J, Veltsista K, Diamantis T, Griniatsos J, Basios N, Avgerinos E, Marinos G, Kaliakmanis V: Abdominal scar endometriosis after caesarean section: report of five cases. West Indian Med J; 2011 Jun;60(3):351-3
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  • [Source] The source of this record is MEDLINE®, a database of the U.S. National Library of Medicine.
  • [Title] Abdominal scar endometriosis after caesarean section: report of five cases.
  • Scar endometriosis is an under-appreciated or misdiagnosed phenomenon in general surgery and may eventually be more common than reflected in the literature.
  • We herein report five cases of scar endometriosis that were treated in our surgical department one to five years after Caesarean section.
  • Scar endometriosis should be considered when the symptoms are present in a cyclic manner mostly after gynaecological operations and worsening during menstruation.
  • Diagnosis is mainly based upon a high index ofsuspicion.
  • [MeSH-major] Cesarean Section. Cicatrix / pathology. Endometriosis / pathology. Postoperative Complications / pathology


11. 'Endometriosis In Scar Diagnosis': Top Publications. BioMedLib Review OC; ;EndometriosisInScar:709705232. ISSN: 2331-5717. 2015/1/7; updates online.
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  • [Title] 'Endometriosis In Scar Diagnosis': Top Publications.
  • [Transliterated title]
  • Background: There are articles published each month which present 'endometriosis in scar diagnosis'.
  • Finding such articles is important for researchers, clinicians, and patients.
  • However these articles are spread across thousands of journals.
  • This makes searching and locating the relevant publications a challenge.
  • We have used BioMedLib's semantic search technology to address the issue, and gathered all the pertinent publications in this review article.
  • Methods: We categorized the publications we found into two groups.
  • We used the strength of textual-association to separate the groups.
  • In group one there are publications with the strongest evidence of association. We focused finding the most relevant publications pertinent to our goal, rather than combining them into a conclusion section. Such textual synthesis will be the focus of our next project.
  • Results: Group one includes 10 publications, and group two 282 publications.
  • Here are the top 6.
  • Barlas D et al: [Scar endometriosis in the rectus abdominis muscle].
  • Kitajima T et al: Scar endometriosis in a patient with bladder exstrophy.
  • Francica G: Reliable clinical and sonographic findings in the diagnosis of abdominal wall endometriosis near cesarean section scar.
  • Pathan SK et al: Cytomorphological spectrum in scar endometriosis: a study of eight cases.
  • Tarkowski R et al: [Expression of the survivin gene in the scar endometriosis and in normal human endometrium].
  • Akbulut S et al: Scar endometriosis in the abdominal wall: a predictable condition for experienced surgeons.

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  • [Copyright] Copyright 2015 Siadaty and Cooper; licensee BioMedLib LLC.
  • (UID = 709705232.001).
  • [ISSN] 2331-5717
  • [Journal-full-title] BioMedLib Review OC
  • [Language] eng
  • [Publication-type] Review
  • [Publication-country] UNITED STATES
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12. Nominato NS, Prates LF, Lauar I, Morais J, Maia L, Geber S: Caesarean section greatly increases risk of scar endometriosis. Eur J Obstet Gynecol Reprod Biol; 2010 Sep;152(1):83-5
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  • [Source] The source of this record is MEDLINE®, a database of the U.S. National Library of Medicine.
  • [Title] Caesarean section greatly increases risk of scar endometriosis.
  • OBJECTIVE: To estimate the incidence of scar endometriosis after different surgical procedures.
  • STUDY DESIGN: A retrospective study of 72 patients diagnosed with scar endometriosis between 1978 and 2003 was performed.
  • Patient age, site of endometriosis, previous operations, time-gap between last surgery and onset of symptoms, nodule characteristics, and recurrence were evaluated.
  • The incidence of scar endometriosis after caesarean section was significantly higher than after episiotomy (0.2 and 0.06%, respectively: p<0.00001) with a relative risk of 3.3.
  • CONCLUSION: Our findings confirm that scar endometriosis is a rare condition and indicate, probably for the first time, that caesarean section greatly increases the risk of developing scar endometriosis.
  • [MeSH-major] Cesarean Section / adverse effects. Cicatrix / epidemiology. Endometriosis / epidemiology

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  • [Copyright] Copyright 2010 Elsevier Ireland Ltd. All rights reserved.
  • (PMID = 20510495.001).
  • [ISSN] 1872-7654
  • [Journal-full-title] European journal of obstetrics, gynecology, and reproductive biology
  • [ISO-abbreviation] Eur. J. Obstet. Gynecol. Reprod. Biol.
  • [Language] eng
  • [Publication-type] Journal Article
  • [Publication-country] Ireland
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13. 'Endometriosis In Cutaneous Scar': Top Publications. BioMedLib Review OC; ;EndometriosisInCutaneous:708112250. ISSN: 2331-5717. 2015/2/7; updates online.
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  • [Title] 'Endometriosis In Cutaneous Scar': Top Publications.
  • [Transliterated title]
  • Background: There are articles published each month which present 'endometriosis in cutaneous scar'.
  • Finding such articles is important for researchers, clinicians, and patients.
  • However these articles are spread across thousands of journals.
  • This makes searching and locating the relevant publications a challenge.
  • We have used BioMedLib's semantic search technology to address the issue, and gathered all the pertinent publications in this review article.
  • Methods: We categorized the publications we found into two groups.
  • We used the strength of textual-association to separate the groups.
  • In group one there are publications with the strongest evidence of association. We focused finding the most relevant publications pertinent to our goal, rather than combining them into a conclusion section. Such textual synthesis will be the focus of our next project.
  • Results: Group one includes 9 publications, and group two 182 publications.
  • Here are the top 5.
  • Barlas D et al: [Scar endometriosis in the rectus abdominis muscle].
  • Kitajima T et al: Scar endometriosis in a patient with bladder exstrophy.
  • Leiman G et al: Mucinous metaplasia in scar endometriosis. Diagnosis by aspiration cytology.
  • Harry VN et al: Isolated clear cell adenocarcinoma in scar endometriosis mimicking an incisional hernia.
  • Akbulut S et al: Scar endometriosis in the abdominal wall: a predictable condition for experienced surgeons.

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  • [Copyright] Copyright 2015 Siadaty and Cooper; licensee BioMedLib LLC.
  • (UID = 708112250.001).
  • [ISSN] 2331-5717
  • [Journal-full-title] BioMedLib Review OC
  • [Language] eng
  • [Publication-type] Review
  • [Publication-country] UNITED STATES
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14. Isci H, Gonenc G, Yigiter AB, Guducu N, Dünder I: Intrauterine endometriotic cyst at the site of previous cesarean scar; scar endometriosis. Clin Exp Obstet Gynecol; 2015;42(1):106-7
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  • [Source] The source of this record is MEDLINE®, a database of the U.S. National Library of Medicine.
  • [Title] Intrauterine endometriotic cyst at the site of previous cesarean scar; scar endometriosis.
  • Uterine scar endometriosis is an extremely rare entitiy.
  • As the surgical procedures of the uterus increases through time, scar endometriosis may be diagnosed more often in the future.
  • A case of uterine scar endometriosis is presented with complaints of menstruation lasting one day with associated pelvic pain.
  • When a cystic mass in the site of previous surgery is diagnosed, scar endometriosis must be considered.

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  • (PMID = 25864294.001).
  • [ISSN] 0390-6663
  • [Journal-full-title] Clinical and experimental obstetrics & gynecology
  • [ISO-abbreviation] Clin Exp Obstet Gynecol
  • [Language] eng
  • [Publication-type] Journal Article
  • [Publication-country] Canada
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15. Lee ET, Park HM, Lee DG, Shin KJ, Kim HS, Sung RH, Ryu DH: Application of Mini-abdominoplasty after Conservative Excision of Extensive Cesarean Scar Endometriosis. Arch Plast Surg; 2012 Sep;39(5):551-5
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  • [Source] The source of this record is MEDLINE®, a database of the U.S. National Library of Medicine.
  • [Title] Application of Mini-abdominoplasty after Conservative Excision of Extensive Cesarean Scar Endometriosis.
  • Endometriosis is defined as the presence of functioning endometrial tissue outside the uterine cavity, and the standard treatment is extensive surgical excision.
  • Cesarean scar endometriosis is a type of cutaneous endometriosis arising on or near a Cesarean section scar.
  • Suspecting endometriosis, we excised the tumor conservatively rather than extensively to prevent incisional hernia considering the benign nature of the tumor and the low possibility of recurrence because the patient's age was near menopause, along with simultaneous bilateral salpingo-oophorectomy that was performed in this case.
  • Plastic surgeons should keep in mind the possibility of cutaneous endometriosis in an abdominal mass of a female of reproductive age with a previous history of pelvic or intra-abdominal surgery.
  • An optimal result from oncological, functional, and cosmetic standpoints can be achieved with conservative excision followed by mini-abdominoplasty of extensive Cesarean scar endometriosis.

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  • [Cites] Obstet Gynecol Surv. 1989 Feb;44(2):89-95 [2915855.001]
  • [Cites] J Ultrasound Med. 2003 Oct;22(10):1041-7 [14606559.001]
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  • [Cites] Arch Gynecol Obstet. 2008 Feb;277(2):167-9 [17701194.001]
  • (PMID = 23094254.001).
  • [ISSN] 2234-6171
  • [Journal-full-title] Archives of plastic surgery
  • [ISO-abbreviation] Arch Plast Surg
  • [Language] eng
  • [Publication-type] Journal Article
  • [Publication-country] Korea (South)
  • [Other-IDs] NLM/ PMC3474415
  • [Keywords] NOTNLM ; Abdominal wound closure techniques / Cesarean section / Endometriosis
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16. Jain D: Perineal scar endometriosis: a comparison of two cases. BMJ Case Rep; 2013;2013
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  • [Source] The source of this record is MEDLINE®, a database of the U.S. National Library of Medicine.
  • [Title] Perineal scar endometriosis: a comparison of two cases.
  • Perineal scar endometriosis is a devastating illness with grave consequences.
  • An early diagnosis is imperative as a delayed diagnosis results in extension of the disease process causing increasing damage to adjoining structures like the anal sphincter and rectum.
  • Two cases are presented of parous women in their early thirties who had episiotomy scars preceding the development of endometriosis.
  • [MeSH-major] Cicatrix / surgery. Endometriosis / diagnosis. Perineum / surgery
  • [MeSH-minor] Adult. Early Diagnosis. Episiotomy. Female. Humans. Postoperative Complications / diagnosis. Postoperative Complications / surgery

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  • (PMID = 23897379.001).
  • [ISSN] 1757-790X
  • [Journal-full-title] BMJ case reports
  • [ISO-abbreviation] BMJ Case Rep
  • [Language] eng
  • [Publication-type] Case Reports; Comparative Study; Journal Article
  • [Publication-country] England
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17. Sinha R, Kumar M, Matah M: Abdominal scar endometriosis after Caesarean section: a rare entity. Australas Med J; 2011;4(1):60-2
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  • [Source] The source of this record is MEDLINE®, a database of the U.S. National Library of Medicine.
  • [Title] Abdominal scar endometriosis after Caesarean section: a rare entity.
  • Scar endometriosis is an uncommon entity.
  • Gynaecologists and general surgeons must be aware of this entity to avoid discomfort to the patient due to delay in diagnosis.
  • We are presenting a case of scar endometriosis which was misdiagnosed initially.
  • Detailed history of cyclic pain and swelling was the key point for the final diagnosis of scar endometriosis.

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  • (PMID = 23393503.001).
  • [ISSN] 1836-1935
  • [Journal-full-title] The Australasian medical journal
  • [ISO-abbreviation] Australas Med J
  • [Language] eng
  • [Publication-type] Journal Article
  • [Publication-country] Australia
  • [Other-IDs] NLM/ PMC3562972
  • [Keywords] NOTNLM ; Endometriosis / scar endometriosis / surgical excision
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18. Danielpour PJ, Layke JC, Durie N, Glickman LT: Scar endometriosis - a rare cause for a painful scar: A case report and review of the literature. Can J Plast Surg; 2010;18(1):19-20
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  • [Source] The source of this record is MEDLINE®, a database of the U.S. National Library of Medicine.
  • [Title] Scar endometriosis - a rare cause for a painful scar: A case report and review of the literature.
  • Endometriosis is described as the presence of functioning endometrial tissue outside the uterine cavity.
  • Scar endometriosis is a rare disease, and is difficult to diagnose.
  • The diagnosis is frequently made only after excision of the diseased tissue.
  • A case report of a patient with a troublesome scar after a caesarian section is presented.
  • Surgical excision led to the diagnosis of scar endometriosis.
  • The pathogenesis, diagnosis and treatment of this somewhat rare condition are discussed.

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  • [Cites] Int Surg. 2002 Jul-Sep;87(3):175-7 [12403094.001]
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  • (PMID = 21358869.001).
  • [ISSN] 1918-1507
  • [Journal-full-title] The Canadian journal of plastic surgery = Journal canadien de chirurgie plastique
  • [ISO-abbreviation] Can J Plast Surg
  • [Language] eng
  • [Publication-type] Journal Article
  • [Publication-country] Canada
  • [Other-IDs] NLM/ PMC2851454
  • [Keywords] NOTNLM ; Cutaneous endometriosis / Endometriosis / Incisional endometriosis / Painful scar / Scar endometriosis
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19. Saha K, Shahida SM, Mostafa G, Ahmed M: A case of abdominal wall scar endometriosis. Mymensingh Med J; 2014 Apr;23(2):389-91
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  • [Source] The source of this record is MEDLINE®, a database of the U.S. National Library of Medicine.
  • [Title] A case of abdominal wall scar endometriosis.
  • Endometriosis is presence of functioning endometrial tissue outside the uterine cavity.
  • Endometriosis can sometimes occur in a previous surgical scar.
  • Scar endometriosis is rare and difficult to diagnose.
  • We are reporting a case of scar endometriosis following caesarean section, which was being treated as stitch granuloma for long time.
  • [MeSH-major] Abdominal Wall. Cesarean Section / adverse effects. Cicatrix / etiology. Cicatrix / pathology. Endometriosis / diagnosis


20. Uzunçakmak C, Güldaş A, Ozçam H, Dinç K: Scar endometriosis: a case report of this uncommon entity and review of the literature. Case Rep Obstet Gynecol; 2013;2013:386783
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  • [Source] The source of this record is MEDLINE®, a database of the U.S. National Library of Medicine.
  • [Title] Scar endometriosis: a case report of this uncommon entity and review of the literature.
  • Scar endometriosis is an infrequent type of extrapelvic endometriosis that is rather close together with obstetrical and gynecological surgeries.
  • It is mostly confused with other dermatological or surgical conditions and delays the diagnosis.
  • We report a case of a 50-year-old woman presenting with scar endometriosis 23 years after her last lower segment caesarean section.
  • The epidemiology, diagnosis, pathogenesis, and treatment of the situation are discussed.

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  • (PMID = 23762683.001).
  • [ISSN] 2090-6684
  • [Journal-full-title] Case reports in obstetrics and gynecology
  • [ISO-abbreviation] Case Rep Obstet Gynecol
  • [Language] eng
  • [Publication-type] Journal Article
  • [Publication-country] United States
  • [Other-IDs] NLM/ PMC3665185
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21. 'Endometriosis In Scar Of Skin': Top Publications. BioMedLib Review OC; ;EndometriosisInScar:709705219. ISSN: 2331-5717. 2015/4/7; updates online.
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  • [Title] 'Endometriosis In Scar Of Skin': Top Publications.
  • [Transliterated title]
  • Background: There are articles published each month which present 'endometriosis in scar of skin'.
  • Finding such articles is important for researchers, clinicians, and patients.
  • However these articles are spread across thousands of journals.
  • This makes searching and locating the relevant publications a challenge.
  • We have used BioMedLib's semantic search technology to address the issue, and gathered all the pertinent publications in this review article.
  • Methods: We categorized the publications we found into two groups.
  • We used the strength of textual-association to separate the groups.
  • In group one there are publications with the strongest evidence of association. We focused finding the most relevant publications pertinent to our goal, rather than combining them into a conclusion section. Such textual synthesis will be the focus of our next project.
  • Results: Group one includes 10 publications, and group two 196 publications.
  • Here are the top 6.
  • Barlas D et al: [Scar endometriosis in the rectus abdominis muscle].
  • Kitajima T et al: Scar endometriosis in a patient with bladder exstrophy.
  • Leiman G et al: Mucinous metaplasia in scar endometriosis. Diagnosis by aspiration cytology.
  • Wong Chen FJ et al: [Skin endometriosis in abdominal scar after cesarean section. Case report and review of the literature].
  • Tarkowski R et al: [Expression of the survivin gene in the scar endometriosis and in normal human endometrium].
  • Akbulut S et al: Scar endometriosis in the abdominal wall: a predictable condition for experienced surgeons.

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  • [Copyright] Copyright 2015 Siadaty and Cooper; licensee BioMedLib LLC.
  • (UID = 709705219.001).
  • [ISSN] 2331-5717
  • [Journal-full-title] BioMedLib Review OC
  • [Language] eng
  • [Publication-type] Review
  • [Publication-country] UNITED STATES
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22. Rekhi B, Sugoor P, Patil A, Shylasree TS, Kerkar R, Maheshwari A: Cytopathological features of scar endometriosis mimicking an adenocarcinoma: A diagnostic pitfall. J Cytol; 2013 Oct;30(4):280-3
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  • [Title] Cytopathological features of scar endometriosis mimicking an adenocarcinoma: A diagnostic pitfall.
  • Scar endometriosis can be a diagnostic challenge in fine-needle aspiration cytology (FNAC) smears that at times, is the first diagnostic modality in such cases.
  • Clinically, the swelling was located lateral to her 3-year-old pfannenstiel incision scar.
  • The initial diagnosis on FNAC was metastatic adenocarcinoma.
  • Diagnosis of endometriosis was offered.
  • The patient was recommended gonadotropin releasing hormone analogs and is presently free of disease a year after her diagnosis.
  • FNAC can be a pitfall in the diagnosis of endometriosis.
  • Correct diagnosis has significant therapeutic implications.
  • Although presence of atypia in such cases should not delude the diagnosing cytopathologist for consideration of endometriosis, it should be documented.

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  • (PMID = 24648677.001).
  • [ISSN] 0970-9371
  • [Journal-full-title] Journal of cytology / Indian Academy of Cytologists
  • [ISO-abbreviation] J Cytol
  • [Language] eng
  • [Publication-type] Journal Article
  • [Publication-country] India
  • [Other-IDs] NLM/ PMC3945634
  • [Keywords] NOTNLM ; CD10 / cytology of scar endometriosis / endometriosis / fine-needle aspiration cytology
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23. Vilarino FL, Bianco B, Martins AC, Christofolini DM, Barbosa CP: [Surgical scar endometriosis: a series of 42 patients]. Rev Bras Ginecol Obstet; 2011 Mar;33(3):123-7
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  • [Source] The source of this record is MEDLINE®, a database of the U.S. National Library of Medicine.
  • [Title] [Surgical scar endometriosis: a series of 42 patients].
  • [Transliterated title] Endometriose em cicatriz cirúrgica: uma série de 42 pacientes.
  • PURPOSE: to evaluate the frequency and clinical picture of patients with incisional endometriosis.
  • METHODS: retrospective descriptive study performed from the medical records of patients that underwent nodules resection in the surgical scar at Faculdade de Medicina do ABC, from November 1990 to September 2003.
  • The age, parity, number of cesarean sections, symptoms, tumor location, initial diagnosis, treatment, and recurrences were surveyed and analyzed.
  • RESULTS: we found 42 patients that were diagnosed with scar endometriosis.
  • From these 42 cases, 37 were of endometriosis on cesarean section scar; 3 cases of episiotomies and 2 cases on bladder in scar of hysterography.
  • CONCLUSION: scar surgical endometriosis is uncommon; however, the clinical diagnosis is easy when the signs and symptoms are known.
  • [MeSH-major] Cicatrix / complications. Endometriosis / epidemiology. Endometriosis / etiology. Postoperative Complications / epidemiology. Postoperative Complications / etiology

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  • (PMID = 21829995.001).
  • [ISSN] 1806-9339
  • [Journal-full-title] Revista brasileira de ginecologia e obstetrícia : revista da Federação Brasileira das Sociedades de Ginecologia e Obstetrícia
  • [ISO-abbreviation] Rev Bras Ginecol Obstet
  • [Language] por
  • [Publication-type] English Abstract; Journal Article
  • [Publication-country] Brazil
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24. Medeiros Fd, Cavalcante DI, Medeiros MA, Eleutério J Jr: Fine-needle aspiration cytology of scar endometriosis: study of seven cases and literature review. Diagn Cytopathol; 2011 Jan;39(1):18-21
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  • [Source] The source of this record is MEDLINE®, a database of the U.S. National Library of Medicine.
  • [Title] Fine-needle aspiration cytology of scar endometriosis: study of seven cases and literature review.
  • Endometriosis is defined as the presence of endometrial-like glands and stroma outside the uterine endometrial lining.
  • A prospective study was conducted at Maternidade-Escola Assis Chateaubriand, Faculty of Medicine, Federal University of Ceara, Brazil in seven patients with abdominal wall mass pathologically proven as scar endometriosis from January 2004 to December 2008.
  • FNAC is a fast and accurate method to make the diagnosis before the surgery, avoiding errors in the approach of the abdominal wall endometriosis' scars.
  • [MeSH-major] Cicatrix / diagnosis. Endometriosis / diagnosis

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  • [Copyright] Copyright © 2010 Wiley-Liss, Inc.
  • (PMID = 20058306.001).
  • [ISSN] 1097-0339
  • [Journal-full-title] Diagnostic cytopathology
  • [ISO-abbreviation] Diagn. Cytopathol.
  • [Language] eng
  • [Publication-type] Journal Article
  • [Publication-country] United States
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25. Cinardi N, Franco S, Centonze D, Giannone G: Perineal scar endometriosis ten years after Miles' procedure for rectal cancer: Case report and review of the literature. Int J Surg Case Rep; 2011;2(6):150-3
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  • [Source] The source of this record is MEDLINE®, a database of the U.S. National Library of Medicine.
  • [Title] Perineal scar endometriosis ten years after Miles' procedure for rectal cancer: Case report and review of the literature.
  • Endometriosis within a perineal scar after a Miles' procedure has not been previously reported in literature.
  • The patient was treated with a wide excision of the perineal scar en-bloc with the nodules.
  • Final pathology report was consistent with scar endometriosis.

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  • (PMID = 22096711.001).
  • [ISSN] 2210-2612
  • [Journal-full-title] International journal of surgery case reports
  • [ISO-abbreviation] Int J Surg Case Rep
  • [Language] eng
  • [Publication-type] Journal Article
  • [Publication-country] Netherlands
  • [Other-IDs] NLM/ PMC3199622
  • [Keywords] NOTNLM ; Miles’ procedure / Neoadjuvant radiotherapy / Perineal scar endometriosis / Pregnancy / Rectal cancer
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26. Kodandapani S, Pai MV, Mathew M: Umbilical laparoscopic scar endometriosis. J Hum Reprod Sci; 2011 Sep;4(3):150-2
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  • [Title] Umbilical laparoscopic scar endometriosis.
  • Umbilical endometriosis is rare and challenging in both diagnosis and treatment.
  • We report a case of an umbilical scar endometriotic nodule in a 39-year-old lady following laparoscopy-assisted vaginal hysterectomy.
  • The wide local excision of the nodule and histopathological examination confirmed the diagnosis.
  • We discuss the pathogenesis, diagnosis, differential diagnosis, and treatment options for the patient.

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  • (PMID = 22346084.001).
  • [ISSN] 1998-4766
  • [Journal-full-title] Journal of human reproductive sciences
  • [ISO-abbreviation] J Hum Reprod Sci
  • [Language] eng
  • [Publication-type] Journal Article
  • [Publication-country] India
  • [Other-IDs] NLM/ PMC3276951
  • [Keywords] NOTNLM ; Cyclical pain / extrapelvic endometriosis / umbilical nodule
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27. Pachori G, Sharma R, Sunaria RK, Bayla T: Scar endometriosis: Diagnosis by fine needle aspiration. J Cytol; 2015 Jan-Mar;32(1):65-7
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  • [Source] The source of this record is MEDLINE®, a database of the U.S. National Library of Medicine.
  • [Title] Scar endometriosis: Diagnosis by fine needle aspiration.
  • Endometriosis is defined as the presence of a functioning endometrium outside the uterus.
  • Abdominal wall endometriosis is a rare entity.
  • Most of the abdominal wall endometriosis occurs in or around surgical scars following caesarean section or hysterectomy.
  • We report a case of scar endometriosis following caesarean section and diagnosed by fine needle aspiration cytology (FNAC).
  • Excision biopsy confirmed the FNAC diagnosis of scar endometriosis.

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  • (PMID = 25948953.001).
  • [ISSN] 0970-9371
  • [Journal-full-title] Journal of cytology / Indian Academy of Cytologists
  • [ISO-abbreviation] J Cytol
  • [Language] eng
  • [Publication-type] Journal Article
  • [Publication-country] India
  • [Other-IDs] NLM/ PMC4408687
  • [Keywords] NOTNLM ; Abdominal wall endometriosis / FNAC / Scar endometriosis
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28. Dash S, Panda S, Rout N, Samantaray S: Role of fine needle aspiration cytology and cell block in diagnosis of scar endometriosis: A case report. J Cytol; 2015 Jan-Mar;32(1):71-3
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  • [Source] The source of this record is MEDLINE®, a database of the U.S. National Library of Medicine.
  • [Title] Role of fine needle aspiration cytology and cell block in diagnosis of scar endometriosis: A case report.
  • Presence of endometrial glands and stroma in places other than the uterus is called endometriosis.
  • Abdominal scar endometriosis is an extra-pelvic endometriosis that can occur after surgery involving the uterus.
  • Post-caesarean section, scar endometriosis is a rare event.
  • The diagnosis is frequently made only after excision of disease tissue.
  • We present a case of post-caesarean section abdominal scar endometriosis presenting as a tumor on the abdominal wall, which was diagnosed by fine needle aspiration cytology and confirmed by cell block preparation.

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  • (PMID = 25948955.001).
  • [ISSN] 0970-9371
  • [Journal-full-title] Journal of cytology / Indian Academy of Cytologists
  • [ISO-abbreviation] J Cytol
  • [Language] eng
  • [Publication-type] Journal Article
  • [Publication-country] India
  • [Other-IDs] NLM/ PMC4408689
  • [Keywords] NOTNLM ; Cell block / FNAC / endometriosis / scar
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29. Ijichi S, Mori T, Suganuma I, Yamamoto T, Matsushima H, Ito F, Akiyama M, Kusuki I, Kitawaki J: Clear cell carcinoma arising from cesarean section scar endometriosis: case report and review of the literature. Case Rep Obstet Gynecol; 2014;2014:642483
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  • [Source] The source of this record is MEDLINE®, a database of the U.S. National Library of Medicine.
  • [Title] Clear cell carcinoma arising from cesarean section scar endometriosis: case report and review of the literature.
  • Introduction. The incidence of endometriosis affecting skin tissue represents only 0.5-1.0% of all endometriosis cases.
  • A malignancy in the abdominal wall arising from endometriosis following cesarean section is even rarer; only 21 cases have previously been reported.
  • We report a case of clear cell adenocarcinoma arising in the abdominal wall from endometriosis tissues following cesarean section and review previous literature to achieve the optimal treatment and better prognosis.
  • A 60-year-old woman presented with a growing mass at the left side of a cesarean section scar.
  • Benign endometrium-like tissues were found adjacent to the cancer lesion in the excised specimen, suggesting malignant transformation from endometriosis of the abdominal wall.

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  • (PMID = 25530894.001).
  • [ISSN] 2090-6684
  • [Journal-full-title] Case reports in obstetrics and gynecology
  • [ISO-abbreviation] Case Rep Obstet Gynecol
  • [Language] eng
  • [Publication-type] Journal Article
  • [Publication-country] United States
  • [Other-IDs] NLM/ PMC4230015
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30. Da Ines D, Bourdel N, Charpy C, Montoriol PF, Petitcolin V, Canis M, Garcier JM: Mixed endometrioid and serous carcinoma developing in abdominal wall endometriosis following Cesarean section. Acta Radiol; 2011 Jun 1;52(5):587-90
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  • [Source] The source of this record is MEDLINE®, a database of the U.S. National Library of Medicine.
  • [Title] Mixed endometrioid and serous carcinoma developing in abdominal wall endometriosis following Cesarean section.
  • Abdominal wall endometriosis is unusual and mostly occurs in scars following Cesarean section.
  • We report a very rare case of mixed endometrioid and serous carcinoma developing in a Cesarean section endometriosis scar and the way we managed it using surgery and chemotherapy.
  • [MeSH-major] Abdominal Neoplasms / diagnosis. Abdominal Wall / pathology. Cystadenocarcinoma, Serous / diagnosis. Endometrial Neoplasms / diagnosis. Endometriosis / diagnosis. Magnetic Resonance Imaging
  • [MeSH-minor] Cesarean Section. Cicatrix / pathology. Cicatrix / surgery. Diagnosis, Differential. Female. Humans. Laparoscopy. Middle Aged. Surgical Mesh

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  • (PMID = 21498283.001).
  • [ISSN] 1600-0455
  • [Journal-full-title] Acta radiologica (Stockholm, Sweden : 1987)
  • [ISO-abbreviation] Acta Radiol
  • [Language] eng
  • [Publication-type] Case Reports; Journal Article
  • [Publication-country] England
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31. Gidwaney R, Badler RL, Yam BL, Hines JJ, Alexeeva V, Donovan V, Katz DS: Endometriosis of abdominal and pelvic wall scars: multimodality imaging findings, pathologic correlation, and radiologic mimics. Radiographics; 2012 Nov-Dec;32(7):2031-43
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  • [Source] The source of this record is MEDLINE®, a database of the U.S. National Library of Medicine.
  • [Title] Endometriosis of abdominal and pelvic wall scars: multimodality imaging findings, pathologic correlation, and radiologic mimics.
  • Implantation of an endometriotic lesion within a pelvic or abdominal wall scar is an uncommon but well-described condition that may be the underlying cause of acute or chronic recurrent abdominal or pelvic pain, especially after cesarean section.
  • Radiologists may not consider scar endometriosis when it is encountered at cross-sectional imaging.
  • Cesarean section scars are the most common site of extraovarian or extrauterine endometriosis.
  • The condition also has been identified in other uterine surgery-related scars and in the skin, subcutaneous tissues, and abdominal and pelvic wall musculature adjacent to these scars.
  • The most plausible cause of scar endometriosis is implantation of endometrial stem cells at the surgical site at the time of uterine surgery.
  • Patients with scar endometriosis may be asymptomatic or present with cyclical pain corresponding to the menstrual cycle.
  • Cross-sectional imaging findings vary from the nonspecific to those suggestive of the diagnosis when combined with clinical history.
  • In particular, the presence of blood products in an anterior abdominal wall mass at magnetic resonance (MR) imaging with no other explanation is strongly suggestive of scar endometriosis.
  • Ultrasonography, computed tomography, and MR imaging may be used to depict an endometriotic lesion, exclude endometriosis, or provide evidence for an alternative diagnosis.
  • [MeSH-major] Cicatrix / complications. Cicatrix / radiography. Endometriosis / complications. Endometriosis / radiography. Pelvic Inflammatory Disease / complications. Radiography, Abdominal / methods


32. Patil NJ, Kumar V, Gupta A: Scar endometriosis-a sequel of caesarean section. J Clin Diagn Res; 2014 Apr;8(4):FD09-10
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  • [Source] The source of this record is MEDLINE®, a database of the U.S. National Library of Medicine.
  • [Title] Scar endometriosis-a sequel of caesarean section.
  • Endometriosis is presence of functioning endometrial tissue outside the uterine cavity, usually in the pelvis.
  • We are reporting two cases of scar endometriosis which occurred after caesarean sections.
  • Both cases presented with abdominal pain at caesarean scar sites, one of which gave a cyclical history.
  • Wide surgical excisions were done and histopathology examination revealed a diagnosis of scar endometriosis.

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  • (PMID = 24959457.001).
  • [ISSN] 2249-782X
  • [Journal-full-title] Journal of clinical and diagnostic research : JCDR
  • [ISO-abbreviation] J Clin Diagn Res
  • [Language] eng
  • [Publication-type] Journal Article
  • [Publication-country] India
  • [Other-IDs] NLM/ PMC4064905
  • [Keywords] NOTNLM ; Endometriosis / Misdiagnosis as stitch granuloma
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33. Dordevic M, Jovanovic B, Mitrovic S, Dordevic G, Radovanovic D, Sazdanovic P: Abdominal rectus muscle endometriosis after Cesarean section. Extrapelvic localization of endometriosis. Bratisl Lek Listy; 2010;111(6):345-8
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  • [Source] The source of this record is MEDLINE®, a database of the U.S. National Library of Medicine.
  • [Title] Abdominal rectus muscle endometriosis after Cesarean section. Extrapelvic localization of endometriosis.
  • INTRODUCTION: Endometriosis is defined by the presence of functional endometrial tissue outside the uterus, where it is normally located.
  • Endometriosis could has intra and extra pelvic localization.
  • Abdominal endometriosis is the most common localization of extrapelvic endometriosis and is usually developed in the connective tissue surrounding the operation.
  • The mechanical transplantation theory is responsible for the development of scar endometriosis.
  • The results showed endometriosis of the muscle with positive estrogen and progesterone receptors.
  • One year after the operation, due to the repeated pains in the scar area, the treatment continued by GNRH analogues and control was performed by serial ultrasound and biochemical markers CA 125.
  • CONCLUSION: Clinical diagnoses of scar endometriosis could be provided by an accurate anamnesis and physical, ultrasound and biochemical examinations.
  • Scar endometriosis should always be considered when the symptoms are present in cyclic manner, hormone depending, mostly after gynecological operations and worsening during menstruation.
  • [MeSH-major] Cesarean Section / adverse effects. Cicatrix / complications. Endometriosis / pathology. Rectus Abdominis


34. Emre A, Akbulut S, Yilmaz M, Bozdag Z: Laparoscopic trocar port site endometriosis: a case report and brief literature review. Int Surg; 2012 Apr-Jun;97(2):135-9
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  • [Title] Laparoscopic trocar port site endometriosis: a case report and brief literature review.
  • Endometriosis is defined as the presence of ectopic endometrial tissue outside the lining of the uterine cavity.
  • It occurs most commonly in pelvic sites such as ovaries, cul-de-sac, and fallopian tubes but also can be found associated with the lungs, bowel, ureter, brain, and abdominal wall.
  • Abdominal wall endometriosis, also known as scar endometriosis, is extremely rare and mainly occurs at surgical scar sites.
  • Although many cases of scar endometriosis have been reported after a cesarean section, some cases of scar endometriosis have been reported after an episiotomy, hysterectomy, appendectomy, and laparoscopic trocar port tracts.
  • To our knowledge, 14 case reports related to trocar site endometriosis have been published in the English language literature to date.
  • Consequently, although rare, if a painful mass in the surgical scar, such as the trocar site, is found in women of reproductive age with a history of pelvic or obstetric surgery, the physician should consider endometriosis.
  • [MeSH-major] Abdominal Wall / pathology. Cicatrix / pathology. Endometriosis / diagnosis. Laparoscopy. Postoperative Complications / diagnosis


35. Heller DS, Houck K, Lee ES, Granick MS: Clear cell adenocarcinoma of the abdominal wall: a case report. J Reprod Med; 2014 May-Jun;59(5-6):330-2
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  • BACKGROUND: Primary clear cell adenocarcinoma of the abdominal wall is exceptionally rare and most likely arises within scar endometriosis.
  • CONCLUSION: Clear cell adenocarcinoma is in the differential diagnosis of abdominal wall masses, particularly in cases of prior surgery.
  • Fine needle aspiration may be helpful in establishing the diagnosis.
  • [MeSH-minor] Adult. Biopsy, Fine-Needle. Cicatrix / pathology. Diagnosis, Differential. Female. Humans. Lymph Node Excision. Ovariectomy. Reconstructive Surgical Procedures. Salpingectomy. Tomography, X-Ray Computed. Ultrasonography

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  • (PMID = 24937978.001).
  • [ISSN] 0024-7758
  • [Journal-full-title] The Journal of reproductive medicine
  • [ISO-abbreviation] J Reprod Med
  • [Language] eng
  • [Publication-type] Case Reports; Journal Article
  • [Publication-country] United States
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36. Upadhyaya P, Karak AK, Sinha AK, Kumar B, Karki S, Agarwal CS: Abdominal wall endometriosis. JNMA J Nepal Med Assoc; 2010 Apr-Jun;49(178):158-60
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  • [Title] Abdominal wall endometriosis.
  • Endometriosis of abdominal wall scar following operation on uterus and tubes is extremely rare.
  • Scar endometriosis is a rare disease which is difficult to diagnose and should always be considered as a differential diagnosis of painful abdominal masses in women.
  • The diagnosis is made only after excision and histopathology of the lesion.
  • Hence an awareness of the entity avoids delay in diagnosis, helps clinicians to a more tailored treatment and also avoids unnecessary referrals.
  • We report a case of abdominal endometriosis.
  • The definitive diagnosis of which was established by histopathological studies.
  • [MeSH-major] Abdominal Wall / pathology. Cesarean Section / adverse effects. Cicatrix / pathology. Endometriosis / pathology


37. Chmaj-Wierzchowska K, Pieta B, Czerniak T, Opala T: Endometriosis in a post-laparoscopic scar--case report and literature review. Ginekol Pol; 2014 May;85(5):386-9
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  • [Title] Endometriosis in a post-laparoscopic scar--case report and literature review.
  • Endometriosis is an estrogen-dependent, chronic disease consisting in implantation and hyperplasia of the endometrium outside of the uterine cavity Endometriosis in post-laparoscopic scars applies to approx.
  • The purpose of the paper was to describe medical management and literature review for endometriosis in a post-laparoscopic scar.
  • In conclusion, each limited lesion in the subcutaneous tissue, with pain intensifying during menstruation, should suggest an initial diagnosis of scar endometriosis, regardless of patient age and type of surgery
  • [MeSH-major] Cicatrix / pathology. Cicatrix / surgery. Endometriosis / pathology. Endometriosis / surgery

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  • (PMID = 25011222.001).
  • [ISSN] 0017-0011
  • [Journal-full-title] Ginekologia polska
  • [ISO-abbreviation] Ginekol. Pol.
  • [Language] eng
  • [Publication-type] Case Reports; Journal Article; Review
  • [Publication-country] Poland
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38. Drukała Z, Ciborowska-Zielińska B, Kubrak J, Rogowska D: Outcome of a multimodal therapy of a recurrent adenocarcinoma arising from Caesarean section scar endometriosis-A case report. Rep Pract Oncol Radiother; 2010;15(3):75-7
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  • [Title] Outcome of a multimodal therapy of a recurrent adenocarcinoma arising from Caesarean section scar endometriosis-A case report.
  • BACKGROUND: Endometriosis occurring in surgical scars is a well-described entity.
  • Malignant transformation of endometriosis is a rare event, with most cases belonging to adenocarcinoma.
  • AIM: The aim of this paper was to present a long-term survival as the outcome of multimodal therapy in the patient with recurrent adenocarcinoma arising from Caesarean section scar endometriosis.
  • CASE: We present the case of a woman with recurrent adenocarcinoma arising from Caesarean section scar endometriosis.
  • CONCLUSION: This paper is, to our knowledge, the only report in literature that presents a long-term survival as the outcome of multimodal therapy in the patient with this rare diagnosis.

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  • (PMID = 24376928.001).
  • [ISSN] 1507-1367
  • [Journal-full-title] Reports of practical oncology and radiotherapy : journal of Greatpoland Cancer Center in Poznań and Polish Society of Radiation Oncology
  • [ISO-abbreviation] Rep Pract Oncol Radiother
  • [Language] eng
  • [Publication-type] Journal Article
  • [Publication-country] Netherlands
  • [Other-IDs] NLM/ PMC3863218
  • [Keywords] NOTNLM ; Adenocarcinoma / Caesarean scar / Endometriosis
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39. Laifer-Narin SL, Kwak E, Kim H, Hecht EM, Newhouse JH: Multimodality imaging of the postpartum or posttermination uterus: evaluation using ultrasound, computed tomography, and magnetic resonance imaging. Curr Probl Diagn Radiol; 2014 Nov-Dec;43(6):374-85
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  • Postsurgical complications include uterine scar dehiscence, bladder flap hematoma, and subfascial hematoma.
  • Ectopic tissue implantation complications include abnormal placentation and uterine scar endometriosis.
  • Imaging is essential for diagnosis, and radiologists must be familiar with and aware of these entities so that accurate treatment and management can be obtained.

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  • [Copyright] Copyright © 2014 Mosby, Inc. All rights reserved.
  • (PMID = 25041975.001).
  • [ISSN] 1535-6302
  • [Journal-full-title] Current problems in diagnostic radiology
  • [ISO-abbreviation] Curr Probl Diagn Radiol
  • [Language] eng
  • [Publication-type] Journal Article; Review
  • [Publication-country] United States
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40. Matsuzaki S, Darcha C: Epithelial to mesenchymal transition-like and mesenchymal to epithelial transition-like processes might be involved in the pathogenesis of pelvic endometriosis. Hum Reprod; 2012 Mar;27(3):712-21
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  • [Title] Epithelial to mesenchymal transition-like and mesenchymal to epithelial transition-like processes might be involved in the pathogenesis of pelvic endometriosis.
  • We hypothesized that pelvic endometriosis originates from retrograde menstruation of endometrial tissue and that EMT-like and MET-like processes might be involved in the pathogenesis of pelvic endometriosis.
  • METHODS: We investigated commonly used molecular markers for EMT, including cytokeratin, E-cadherin, N-cadherin, vimentin, S100A4 and dephosphorylated beta-catenin by immunohistochemistry in different forms of pelvic endometriosis: deep infiltrating endometriosis, ovarian endometriosis and superficial peritoneal endometriosis (red and black lesions), as well as samples of menstrual endometrium, other benign ovarian cysts (mucinous and serous cyst adenoma), and abdominal scar endometriosis for comparison.
  • RESULTS: Epithelial cells of red peritoneal lesions and ovarian endometriosis showed less epithelial marker (cytokeratin, P < 0.0001) expression and more mesenchymal marker (vimentin and/or S100A4, P < 0.0001) expression than those of menstrual endometrium.
  • In contrast, epithelial cells of black peritoneal lesions and deep infiltrating endometriosis showed more epithelial marker (E-cadherin) expression than those of menstrual endometrium (P < 0.03), red peritoneal lesions (P < 0.0001) and ovarian endometriosis (P< 0.0001), but maintained expression of some mesenchymal markers (vimentin, S100A4).
  • In addition, dephosphorylated beta-catenin protein expression was significantly higher in epithelial cells of deep infiltrating endometriosis (P < 0.0001) than in epithelial cells of red and black peritoneal lesions and ovarian endometriosis.
  • CONCLUSIONS: EMT-like and MET-like processes might be involved in the pathogenesis of pelvic endometriosis.
  • [MeSH-major] Endometriosis / pathology. Epithelial-Mesenchymal Transition

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  • (PMID = 22215621.001).
  • [ISSN] 1460-2350
  • [Journal-full-title] Human reproduction (Oxford, England)
  • [ISO-abbreviation] Hum. Reprod.
  • [Language] eng
  • [Publication-type] Journal Article; Research Support, Non-U.S. Gov't
  • [Publication-country] England
  • [Chemical-registry-number] 0 / Biological Markers; 0 / Cadherins; 0 / S100 Proteins; 0 / Vimentin; 0 / beta Catenin; 142662-27-9 / S100A4 protein, human; 68238-35-7 / Keratins
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41. Ozel L, Sagiroglu J, Unal A, Unal E, Gunes P, Baskent E, Aka N, Titiz MI, Tufekci EC: Abdominal wall endometriosis in the cesarean section surgical scar: a potential diagnostic pitfall. J Obstet Gynaecol Res; 2012 Mar;38(3):526-30
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  • [Source] The source of this record is MEDLINE®, a database of the U.S. National Library of Medicine.
  • [Title] Abdominal wall endometriosis in the cesarean section surgical scar: a potential diagnostic pitfall.
  • AIM: The abdominal wall is an uncommon site of extrapelvic endometriosis.
  • It usually develops in a previous surgical scar and should be considered in the differential diagnosis of any abdominal swelling.
  • Classical symptoms of endometriosis may resemble abdominal wall lesions such as an incisional hernia, hematoma, granuloma, abscess or various soft tissue tumors; therefore, a definitive preoperative diagnosis is not always easy to determine in every case.
  • The aim of this article is to review the clinical findings, imaging results and histopathology of those of our patients who have had cesarean scar endometriosis.
  • METHODS: Patients diagnosed with abdominal wall endometriosis in their surgical scars from February 2008 to March 2010 were documented.
  • The age, parity, symptoms, previous surgeries, initial diagnosis, diagnostic modalities, definitive operation, postoperative complications, histopathological evaluations and recurrences were recorded and analyzed.
  • The final pathological diagnosis for each case was abdominal wall endometriosis.
  • CONCLUSION: Abdominal wall endometriosis should be considered in the differential diagnosis of masses located at cesarean section incision scars, which should be excised for definitive diagnosis and treatment.
  • [MeSH-major] Abdominal Wall / pathology. Cesarean Section. Cicatrix / pathology. Endometriosis / diagnosis. Postoperative Complications / diagnosis
  • [MeSH-minor] Adult. Diagnosis, Differential. Female. Follow-Up Studies. Humans. Recurrence. Treatment Outcome


42. Rezvani M, Shaaban AM, Kennedy AM: The role of multimodality imaging after cesarean delivery. Ultrasound Q; 2015 Mar;31(1):5-18
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  • Well-recognized obstetric and gynecologic consequences include cesarean scar pregnancy, scar dehiscence or rupture, and scar endometriosis.

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  • (PMID = 25706360.001).
  • [ISSN] 1536-0253
  • [Journal-full-title] Ultrasound quarterly
  • [ISO-abbreviation] Ultrasound Q
  • [Language] eng
  • [Publication-type] Journal Article
  • [Publication-country] United States
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43. Vellido-Cotelo R, Muñoz-González JL, Oliver-Pérez MR, de la Hera-Lázaro C, Almansa-González C, Pérez-Sagaseta C, Jiménez-López JS: Endometriosis node in gynaecologic scars: a study of 17 patients and the diagnostic considerations in clinical experience in tertiary care center. BMC Womens Health; 2015;15:13
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  • [Title] Endometriosis node in gynaecologic scars: a study of 17 patients and the diagnostic considerations in clinical experience in tertiary care center.
  • BACKGROUND: Endometriosis nodes are observed in extra pelvic locations, particularly in gynaecological scars, with the abdominal wall being one of the most frequent locations.
  • The main objective of the study is to review patient characteristics of cases of endometriosis nodes in gynaecological scars.
  • METHODS: A retrospective, observational and descriptive study with a cohort of patients from Hospital 12 de Octubre was conducted from January 2000 to January 2012.
  • We analysed all of the patients who presented with an endometriosis node in a gynaecological scar presentation who had undergone surgery in that period.
  • RESULTS: A total of 17 patients with an anatomopathological diagnosis of an endometriosis node in a gynaecological scar were found.
  • The following variables were studied: the age at diagnosis (32.5 years +/- 5.5 years), personal and obstetric history, time from surgery to diagnosis (4.2 years +/- 3.4 years), symptoms (a painful mass that grows during menstruation is the most frequent symptom in our patients), technical analyses by computed tomography (CT), magnetic resonance (MR) or fine needle aspiration (FNA) (77% of the patients), node size (2.5 cm +/- 1.1 cm) and location (caesarean scar, 82%; episiotomy scar, 11.7%; and laparoscopic surgery port, 5.8%), involvement of adjacent structures (29% of the patients), treatment (exeresis with a security margin in all the patients) and other endometriosis locations (14% of the patients).
  • CONCLUSIONS: A high level of suspicion is required to diagnose gynaecological scar endometriosis, which should be suspected in the differential diagnosis of scar masses in reproductive-aged women.
  • Several theories have been proposed to explain the formation of endometriosis nodes in extrauterine localizations.
  • Imaging with ultrasound, CT and MR facilitate the diagnosis.
  • FNA could be used for preoperative diagnosis.

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  • (PMID = 25783643.001).
  • [ISSN] 1472-6874
  • [Journal-full-title] BMC women's health
  • [ISO-abbreviation] BMC Womens Health
  • [Language] eng
  • [Publication-type] Journal Article
  • [Publication-country] England
  • [Other-IDs] NLM/ PMC4337097
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44. Poflee S, Bode A, Mahana S: Cytodiagnosis of scar endometriosis. Cytojournal; 2014;11:1
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  • [Title] Cytodiagnosis of scar endometriosis.

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  • (PMID = 24678337.001).
  • [ISSN] 1742-6413
  • [Journal-full-title] CytoJournal
  • [ISO-abbreviation] Cytojournal
  • [Language] eng
  • [Publication-type] Journal Article
  • [Publication-country] India
  • [Other-IDs] NLM/ PMC3952396
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45. 'Implantation Into Perineum Procedure': Top Publications. BioMedLib Review CN; ;ImplantationIntoPerineum:709854230. ISSN: 2331-5717. 2015/1/9; updates online.
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  • [Title] 'Implantation Into Perineum Procedure': Top Publications.
  • [Transliterated title]
  • Background: There are articles published each month which present 'implantation into perineum procedure'.
  • Finding such articles is important for researchers, clinicians, and patients.
  • However these articles are spread across thousands of journals.
  • This makes searching and locating the relevant publications a challenge.
  • We have used BioMedLib's semantic search technology to address the issue, and gathered all the pertinent publications in this review article.
  • Methods: We categorized the publications we found.
  • We used the strength of textual-association to separate the groups.
  • In group one there are publications with the strongest evidence of association. We focused finding the most relevant publications pertinent to our goal, rather than combining them into a conclusion section. Such textual synthesis will be the focus of our next project.
  • Results: Group one includes 8 publications.
  • Here are the top 4.
  • Hsu GL et al: The advancement of pure local anesthesia for penile surgeries: can an outpatient basis be sustainable?.
  • Michot F et al: A new implantation procedure of artificial sphincter for anal incontinence: the transvaginal approach.
  • Sylvester J et al: Interstitial implantation techniques in prostate cancer.
  • Gutiérrez Baños JL et al: [Treatment of urinary stress incontinence using suburethral implantation of tension-free vaginal tape (TVT). 4 years' experience].

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  • [Copyright] Copyright 2015 Siadaty and Cooper; licensee BioMedLib LLC.
  • (UID = 709854230.001).
  • [ISSN] 2331-5717
  • [Journal-full-title] BioMedLib Review CN
  • [Language] eng
  • [Publication-type] Review
  • [Publication-country] UNITED STATES
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46. Nigam A, Saxena P, Barla J, Pathak P: Scar endometriosis: the menace of surgery. BMJ Case Rep; 2014;2014
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  • [Source] The source of this record is MEDLINE®, a database of the U.S. National Library of Medicine.
  • [Title] Scar endometriosis: the menace of surgery.
  • [MeSH-major] Cesarean Section / adverse effects. Cicatrix / complications. Endometriosis / etiology

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  • (PMID = 25320264.001).
  • [ISSN] 1757-790X
  • [Journal-full-title] BMJ case reports
  • [ISO-abbreviation] BMJ Case Rep
  • [Language] eng
  • [Publication-type] Case Reports; Journal Article
  • [Publication-country] England
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47. Cooper IF, Siadaty MS: 'Professional or Occupational Groups' associated with 'Abdominal Wall Structure': Top Publications. BioMedLib Review; ProfessionalOrOccupational;AbdominalWallStructure:706711087. ISSN: 2331-5717. 2014/8/30
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  • [Title] 'Professional or Occupational Groups' associated with 'Abdominal Wall Structure': Top Publications.
  • [Transliterated title]
  • Background: There are articles published each month which present 'Professional or Occupational Group' for 'abdominal wall structure'.
  • Finding such articles is important for researchers, clinicians, and patients.
  • However these articles are spread across thousands of journals, and there are many types of 'Professional or Occupational Group'.
  • This makes searching and locating the relevant publications a challenge.
  • We have used BioMedLib's semantic search technology to address the issue, and gathered all the pertinent publications in this review article.
  • Methods: We categorized the publications we found into two groups.
  • We used the strength of textual-association to separate the groups.
  • In group one there are publications with the strongest evidence of association. We focused finding the most relevant publications pertinent to our goal, rather than combining them into a conclusion section. Such textual synthesis will be the focus of our next project.
  • Results: Group one includes 16 publications, and group two 19232 publications.
  • Here are the top 9.
  • Dillon E et al: Congenital anterior abdominal wall defects. Authors' figures for Northern region are underestimates.
  • Saranteas T et al: Feasibility of ultrasound imaging of the abdominal wall in elderly obese volunteers.
  • Donati M et al: [Endometriosis of the abdominal wall (authors' experience)].
  • Moreside JM et al: Neuromuscular independence of abdominal wall muscles as demonstrated by middle-eastern style dancers.
  • Dabrowiecki S: [Abdominal wall closure techniques--the results of the Polish surgeons' survey].
  • Kocakusak A et al: Abdominal wall endometriosis: a diagnostic dilemma for surgeons.
  • Akbulut S et al: Scar endometriosis in the abdominal wall: a predictable condition for experienced surgeons.
  • Olivas T et al: Abdominal wall penetration by a police "bean bag".
  • Bell EM et al: An ideal retractor system for reconstructive surgery of the abdominal wall: taking the weight off your assistant.

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  • [Copyright] Copyright 2014 Siadaty and Cooper; licensee BioMedLib LLC.
  • (UID = 706711087.001).
  • [ISSN] 2331-5717
  • [Journal-full-title] BioMedLib Review
  • [Language] eng
  • [Publication-type] Review
  • [Publication-country] UNITED STATES
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48. Cooper IF, Siadaty MS: 'Congenital Abnormalities' associated with 'Displacement Of The Endometrial Tissue': Top Publications. BioMedLib Review; CongenitalAbnormality;DisplacementOfThe:706461875. ISSN: 2331-5717. 2014/6/27
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  • [Title] 'Congenital Abnormalities' associated with 'Displacement Of The Endometrial Tissue': Top Publications.
  • [Transliterated title]
  • Background: There are articles published each month which present 'Congenital Abnormality' for 'displacement of the endometrial tissue'.
  • Finding such articles is important for researchers, clinicians, and patients.
  • However these articles are spread across thousands of journals, and there are many types of 'Congenital Abnormality'.
  • This makes searching and locating the relevant publications a challenge.
  • We have used BioMedLib's semantic search technology to address the issue, and gathered all the pertinent publications in this review article.
  • Methods: We categorized the publications we found into two groups.
  • We used the strength of textual-association to separate the groups.
  • In group one there are publications with the strongest evidence of association. We focused finding the most relevant publications pertinent to our goal, rather than combining them into a conclusion section. Such textual synthesis will be the focus of our next project.
  • Results: Group one includes 21 publications, and group two 4469 publications.
  • Here are the top 10.
  • Lee JY et al: A case of clear cell carcinoma arising from the endometriosis of the paraovarian cyst.
  • Nawroth F et al: Is there an association between septate uterus and endometriosis?.
  • Kitajima T et al: Scar endometriosis in a patient with bladder exstrophy.
  • Vaiarelli A et al: Ectopic pregnancy after IVF in a patient with unilateral agenesis of the fallopian tube and ovary and with endometriosis: search of the literature for these associations.
  • Kourounis G et al: Endometriosis and ovarian dysgenesis: a case report.
  • Matalliotakis IM et al: Pulmonary endometriosis in a patient with unicornuate uterus and noncommunicating rudimentary horn.
  • Lazovic G et al: Endometriosis in a woman with mosaic Turner's syndrome: case report.
  • Nichols JL et al: Case of accessory ovary in the round ligament with associated endometriosis.
  • Gergolet M et al: Possible role of endometriosis in the aetiology of spontaneous miscarriage in patients with septate uterus.
  • Baird D et al: Umbilical endometriosis in a woman with bicornuate uterus.

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  • [Copyright] Copyright 2014 Siadaty and Cooper; licensee BioMedLib LLC.
  • (UID = 706461875.001).
  • [ISSN] 2331-5717
  • [Journal-full-title] BioMedLib Review
  • [Language] eng
  • [Publication-type] Review
  • [Publication-country] UNITED STATES
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49. Cooper IF, Siadaty MS: 'Diseases or Syndromes' associated with 'Abdominal Scarring': Top Publications. BioMedLib Review; DiseaseOrSyndrome;AbdominalScarring:705259675. ISSN: 2331-5717. 2014/10/28
PDF icon [Fulltext service] Download fulltext PDF of this article.

  • [Title] 'Diseases or Syndromes' associated with 'Abdominal Scarring': Top Publications.
  • [Transliterated title]
  • Background: There are articles published each month which present 'Disease or Syndrome' for 'abdominal scarring'.
  • Finding such articles is important for researchers, clinicians, and patients.
  • However these articles are spread across thousands of journals, and there are many types of 'Disease or Syndrome'.
  • This makes searching and locating the relevant publications a challenge.
  • We have used BioMedLib's semantic search technology to address the issue, and gathered all the pertinent publications in this review article.
  • Methods: We categorized the publications we found into two groups.
  • We used the strength of textual-association to separate the groups.
  • In group one there are publications with the strongest evidence of association. We focused finding the most relevant publications pertinent to our goal, rather than combining them into a conclusion section. Such textual synthesis will be the focus of our next project.
  • Results: Group one includes 22 publications, and group two 536 publications.
  • Here are the top 10.
  • Jamabo RS et al: Abdominal scar endometriosis.
  • Samal AG et al: Abdominal scar endometriosis.
  • Sinha R et al: Abdominal scar endometriosis after Caesarean section: a rare entity.
  • Attia L et al: A case of cutaneous endometriosis developed on an abdominal scar.
  • Xiang Y et al: Abdominal scar endometriosis: report of 28 cases.
  • Gwóźdź AZ: [Endometriosis in postoperative abdominal wall scar after cesarean section].
  • Chi T et al: Iatrogenic abdominal scar endometriosis: a case report.
  • Wong Chen FJ et al: [Skin endometriosis in abdominal scar after cesarean section. Case report and review of the literature].
  • Stevens EE et al: Malignant transformation of endometriosis in a cesarean section abdominal wall scar: a case report.
  • Matsuo K et al: Primary peritoneal clear cell adenocarcinoma arising in previous abdominal scar for endometriosis surgery.

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    Email the results to the following email address:   [X] Close
  • [Copyright] Copyright 2014 Siadaty and Cooper; licensee BioMedLib LLC.
  • (UID = 705259675.001).
  • [ISSN] 2331-5717
  • [Journal-full-title] BioMedLib Review
  • [Language] eng
  • [Publication-type] Review
  • [Publication-country] UNITED STATES
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50. 'Muscle Scar': Top Publications. BioMedLib Review OC; ;MuscleScar:709844786. ISSN: 2331-5717. 2015/8/9; updates online.
PDF icon [Fulltext service] Download fulltext PDF of this article.

  • [Title] 'Muscle Scar': Top Publications.
  • [Transliterated title]
  • Background: There are articles published each month which present 'muscle scar'.
  • Finding such articles is important for researchers, clinicians, and patients.
  • However these articles are spread across thousands of journals.
  • This makes searching and locating the relevant publications a challenge.
  • We have used BioMedLib's semantic search technology to address the issue, and gathered all the pertinent publications in this review article.
  • Methods: We categorized the publications we found into two groups.
  • We used the strength of textual-association to separate the groups.
  • In group one there are publications with the strongest evidence of association. We focused finding the most relevant publications pertinent to our goal, rather than combining them into a conclusion section. Such textual synthesis will be the focus of our next project.
  • Results: Group one includes 13 publications, and group two 1252 publications.
  • Here are the top 7.
  • Lee SW et al: Characteristics of the Aragonitic Layer in Adult Oyster Shells, Crassostrea gigas: Structural Study of Myostracum including the Adductor Muscle Scar.
  • de Carvalho AC et al: Turning scar into muscle.
  • Riley PR: Converting scar to muscle in the injured heart.
  • Tinley C et al: Single medial rectus muscle advancement in stretched scar consecutive exotropia.
  • Ciebiera M et al: Laparoscopic correction of the uterine muscle loss in the scar after a Caesarean section delivery.
  • Bond JE et al: Temporal spatial expression and function of non-muscle myosin II isoforms IIA and IIB in scar remodeling.
  • Barlas D et al: [Scar endometriosis in the rectus abdominis muscle].

  • [Email] Email this result item
    Email the results to the following email address:   [X] Close
  • [Copyright] Copyright 2015 Siadaty and Cooper; licensee BioMedLib LLC.
  • (UID = 709844786.001).
  • [ISSN] 2331-5717
  • [Journal-full-title] BioMedLib Review OC
  • [Language] eng
  • [Publication-type] Review
  • [Publication-country] UNITED STATES
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