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1. Biomedical articles (top 50; 2009 to 2014)
1. |||||..... 50%  Amstadter AB, Resnick HS, Nugent NR, Acierno R, Rheingold AA, Minhinnett R, Kilpatrick DG: Longitudinal trajectories of cigarette smoking following rape. J Trauma Stress; 2009 Apr;22(2):113-21
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  • [Source] The source of this record is MEDLINE®, a database of the U.S. National Library of Medicine.
  • [Title] Longitudinal trajectories of cigarette smoking following rape.
  • Although prior research has identified increases in cigarette smoking following trauma exposure, no studies have examined longitudinal trajectories of smoking following rape.
  • The present investigation identified and characterized longitudinal (< 3 months, 3-6 months, and > 6 months post-assault) trajectories of smoking (N = 152) following a rape in a sample of 268 sexual assault victims participating in a forensic medical exam.
  • Of participants endorsing smoking post-rape, a two-class solution was identified, with the majority of participants (74.6%) evidencing moderate smoking with a slight decrease over time and remaining participants showing heavy smoking with a slight increase over time.
  • Having sustained an injury, minority status, and post-examination distress all predicted subsequent smoking trajectory.
  • [MeSH-major] Rape. Smoking / epidemiology

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  • (PMID = 19370699.001).
  • [ISSN] 1573-6598
  • [Journal-full-title] Journal of traumatic stress
  • [ISO-abbreviation] J Trauma Stress
  • [Language] eng
  • [Grant] United States / CMHS SAMHSA HHS / SM / 1-UD1-SM56070; United States / NCRR NIH HHS / RR / 5M01 RR01070; United States / NIMH NIH HHS / MH / K01 MH087240; United States / NIDA NIH HHS / DA / R01 DA011158-07; United States / NIDA NIH HHS / DA / R01 DA11158; United States / NIMH NIH HHS / MH / R01MH068626; United States / NIMH NIH HHS / MH / R21 MH074469-02
  • [Publication-type] Journal Article; Randomized Controlled Trial; Research Support, N.I.H., Extramural; Research Support, U.S. Gov't, P.H.S.
  • [Publication-country] United States
  • [Other-IDs] NLM/ NIHMS129669; NLM/ PMC2719890
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2. |||||..... 46%  Kilonzo N, Theobald SJ, Nyamato E, Ajema C, Muchela H, Kibaru J, Rogena E, Taegtmeyer M: Delivering post-rape care services: Kenya's experience in developing integrated services. Bull World Health Organ; 2009 Jul;87(7):555-9
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  • [Title] Delivering post-rape care services: Kenya's experience in developing integrated services.
  • PROBLEM: Comprehensive service delivery models for providing post-rape care are largely from resource-rich countries and do not translate easily to resource-limited settings such as Kenya, despite an identified need and high rates of sexual violence and HIV.
  • LOCAL SETTING: In 2003 there was a lack of policy, coordination and service delivery mechanisms for post-rape care services in Kenya.
  • RELEVANT CHANGES: A standard of care and a simple post-rape care systems algorithm were designed.
  • LESSONS LEARNED: This paper describes how multisectoral teams at district level in Kenya agreed that they would provide post-exposure prophylaxis, physical examination, sexually transmitted infection and pregnancy prevention services.
  • The paper outlines which considerations they took into account, who accessed the services and how the lessons learned were translated into national policy and the scale-up of post-rape care services through the key involvement of the Division of Reproductive Health.
  • [MeSH-major] Delivery of Health Care, Integrated. Program Development. Rape

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  • (PMID = 19649371.001).
  • [ISSN] 1564-0604
  • [Journal-full-title] Bulletin of the World Health Organization
  • [ISO-abbreviation] Bull. World Health Organ.
  • [Language] eng
  • [Publication-type] Journal Article; Research Support, Non-U.S. Gov't
  • [Publication-country] Switzerland
  • [Other-IDs] NLM/ PMC2704033
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3. ||||...... 44%  Clauss K, von Roepenack-Lahaye E, Böttcher C, Roth MR, Welti R, Erban A, Kopka J, Scheel D, Milkowski C, Strack D: Overexpression of sinapine esterase BnSCE3 in oilseed rape seeds triggers global changes in seed metabolism. Plant Physiol; 2011 Mar;155(3):1127-45
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  • [Title] Overexpression of sinapine esterase BnSCE3 in oilseed rape seeds triggers global changes in seed metabolism.
  • Sinapine (O-sinapoylcholine) is the predominant phenolic compound in a complex group of sinapate esters in seeds of oilseed rape (Brassica napus).
  • A strategy was developed to lower its content in seeds by expressing an enzyme that hydrolyzes sinapine in developing rape seeds.
  • Transgenic oilseed rape lines were generated expressing BnSCE3 under the control of a seed-specific promoter.
  • Electron microscopic examination revealed that a fraction of the transgenic seeds had morphological alterations, characterized by large cavities near the embryonic tissue.
  • Examination of metabolic profiles of transgenic seeds indicated that besides suppression of sinapine accumulation, there were other dramatic differences in primary and secondary metabolism.

  • HSDB. structure - CHOLINE CHLORIDE.
  • HSDB. structure - CHOLINE BITARTRATE.
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  • (PMID = 21248075.001).
  • [ISSN] 1532-2548
  • [Journal-full-title] Plant physiology
  • [ISO-abbreviation] Plant Physiol.
  • [Language] eng
  • [Databank-accession-numbers] GENBANK/ AY870270
  • [Publication-type] Journal Article; Research Support, Non-U.S. Gov't; Research Support, U.S. Gov't, Non-P.H.S.
  • [Publication-country] United States
  • [Chemical-registry-number] 0 / Lipids; 0 / Phenols; 0 / Plant Proteins; 09211A0HHL / sinapine; EC 3.1.- / Esterases; N91BDP6H0X / Choline
  • [Other-IDs] NLM/ PMC3046574
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4. ||||...... 44%  Jewkes R, Christofides N, Vetten L, Jina R, Sigsworth R, Loots L: Medico-legal findings, legal case progression, and outcomes in South African rape cases: retrospective review. PLoS Med; 2009 Oct;6(10):e1000164
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  • [Title] Medico-legal findings, legal case progression, and outcomes in South African rape cases: retrospective review.
  • BACKGROUND: Health services for victims of rape are recognised as a particularly neglected area of the health sector internationally.
  • Expert medical evidence is widely used in rape cases, but its contribution to the progress of legal cases is unclear.
  • Only three studies have found an association between documented bodily injuries and convictions in rape cases.
  • This article aims to describe the processing of rape cases by South African police and courts, and the association between documented injuries and DNA and case progression through the criminal justice system.
  • METHODS AND FINDINGS: We analysed a provincially representative sample of 2,068 attempted and completed rape cases reported to 70 randomly selected Gauteng province police stations in 2003.
  • Data sheets were completed from the police dockets and available medical examination forms were copied.
  • 1,547 cases of rape had medical examinations and available forms and were analysed, which was at least 85% of the proportion of the sample having a medical examination.
  • CONCLUSIONS: This is the first study, to our knowledge, to show an association between documentation of ano-genital injuries, trials commencing, and convictions in rape cases in a developing country.
  • Its findings are of particular importance because they show the value of good basic medical practices in documentation of injuries, rather than more expensive DNA evidence, in assisting courts in rape cases.
  • Health care providers need training to provide high quality health care responses after rape, but we have shown that the core elements of the medico-legal response require very little technology.
  • [MeSH-major] Child Abuse, Sexual / legislation & jurisprudence. Law Enforcement. Rape / legislation & jurisprudence
  • [MeSH-minor] Adolescent. Adult. Anal Canal / injuries. Child. Child, Preschool. DNA Fingerprinting / utilization. Developing Countries. Female. Genitalia, Female / injuries. Humans. Infant. Medical Records. Physical Examination / utilization. Police / statistics & numerical data. Records as Topic. Retrospective Studies. Sampling Studies. South Africa / epidemiology. Violence / legislation & jurisprudence. Violence / statistics & numerical data. Wounds and Injuries / epidemiology. Young Adult


5. ||||...... 43%  Daru PH, Osagie EO, Pam IC, Mutihir JT, Silas OA, Ekwempu CC: Analysis of cases of rape as seen at the Jos University Teaching Hospital, Jos, North Central Nigeria. Niger J Clin Pract; 2011 Jan-Mar;14(1):47-51
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  • [Source] The source of this record is MEDLINE®, a database of the U.S. National Library of Medicine.
  • [Title] Analysis of cases of rape as seen at the Jos University Teaching Hospital, Jos, North Central Nigeria.
  • MATERIALS AND METHODS: Case notes of patients who presented with alleged rape at Jos University Teaching Hospital between January 2001 and December 2003 were retrieved and analyzed.
  • A total of 120 were for alleged rape, representing 5.6% of the total cases seen.
  • 36.2% of the victims had experienced some form of sexual exposure prior to the rape.
  • [MeSH-major] Contraception, Postcoital / utilization. Rape / statistics & numerical data. Sex Offenses / statistics & numerical data. Violence. Wounds and Injuries / diagnosis
  • [MeSH-minor] Adolescent. Age Distribution. Child. Child, Preschool. Female. Hospitals, Teaching. Humans. Infant. Nigeria. Physical Examination. Retrospective Studies. Time Factors. Young Adult

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  • (PMID = 21493992.001).
  • [ISSN] 1119-3077
  • [Journal-full-title] Nigerian journal of clinical practice
  • [ISO-abbreviation] Niger J Clin Pract
  • [Language] eng
  • [Publication-type] Journal Article
  • [Publication-country] India
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6. ||||...... 38%  Resick PA, Williams LF, Suvak MK, Monson CM, Gradus JL: Long-term outcomes of cognitive-behavioral treatments for posttraumatic stress disorder among female rape survivors. J Consult Clin Psychol; 2012 Apr;80(2):201-10
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  • [Title] Long-term outcomes of cognitive-behavioral treatments for posttraumatic stress disorder among female rape survivors.
  • We attempted to locate the 171 original participants, women with PTSD who had experienced at least one rape.
  • The ITT examination of diagnostics indicated that 22.2% of CPT and 17.5% of PE participants met the diagnosis for PTSD according to the Clinician-Administered PTSD Scale (Blake et al., 1995) at the LTFU.
  • CONCLUSIONS: CPT and PE resulted in lasting changes in PTSD and related symptoms over an extended period of time for female rape victims with extensive histories of trauma.
  • [MeSH-major] Cognitive Therapy. Rape / psychology. Stress Disorders, Post-Traumatic / therapy. Survivors / psychology

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  • [Copyright] PsycINFO Database Record (c) 2012 APA, all rights reserved.
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  • (PMID = 22182261.001).
  • [ISSN] 1939-2117
  • [Journal-full-title] Journal of consulting and clinical psychology
  • [ISO-abbreviation] J Consult Clin Psychol
  • [Language] eng
  • [Grant] United States / NIMH NIH HHS / MH / 1 R01-MH51509; United States / NIMH NIH HHS / MH / R01 MH051509-06A1
  • [Publication-type] Journal Article; Randomized Controlled Trial; Research Support, N.I.H., Extramural
  • [Publication-country] United States
  • [Other-IDs] NLM/ NIHMS366414; NLM/ PMC3336190
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7. ||||...... 38%  Baker RB, Fargo JD, Shambley-Ebron D, Sommers MS: A source of healthcare disparity: race, skin color, and injuries after rape among adolescents and young adults. J Forensic Nurs; 2010;6(3):144-50
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  • [Source] The source of this record is MEDLINE®, a database of the U.S. National Library of Medicine.
  • [Title] A source of healthcare disparity: race, skin color, and injuries after rape among adolescents and young adults.
  • Differences in anogenital injury resulting from rape may occur because of racial or skin color differences in adult women.
  • In a retrospective review of medical records, we examined whether Black adolescent/young adult females had different anogenital injuries as compared to White females following rape.
  • We reviewed charts of 234 female victims of rape ages 14 to 29.
  • [MeSH-major] African Americans. European Continental Ancestry Group. Forensic Medicine / methods. Healthcare Disparities. Rape / diagnosis. Skin Pigmentation / genetics
  • [MeSH-minor] Adolescent. Anal Canal / injuries. Bias (Epidemiology). Female. Forensic Nursing. Genitalia, Female / injuries. Humans. Image Processing, Computer-Assisted. Logistic Models. Photography. Physical Examination. Prevalence. Retrospective Studies. Sensitivity and Specificity. Wounds and Injuries / diagnosis. Wounds and Injuries / epidemiology. Young Adult

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  • [Copyright] © 2010 International Association of Forensic Nurses.
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  • (PMID = 21175535.001).
  • [ISSN] 1556-3693
  • [Journal-full-title] Journal of forensic nursing
  • [ISO-abbreviation] J Forensic Nurs
  • [Language] eng
  • [Grant] United States / NINR NIH HHS / NR / F31 NR009727; United States / NINR NIH HHS / NR / F31F31NR009727; United States / NINR NIH HHS / NR / R01 NR005352; United States / NINR NIH HHS / NR / R01NR05352
  • [Publication-type] Journal Article; Research Support, N.I.H., Extramural
  • [Publication-country] United States
  • [Other-IDs] NLM/ NIHMS477564; NLM/ PMC3678126
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8. |||||||||. 133%  Angelone DJ, Mitchell D, Lucente L: Predicting perceptions of date rape: an examination of perpetrator motivation, relationship length, and gender role beliefs. J Interpers Violence; 2012 Sep;27(13):2582-602
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  • [Title] Predicting perceptions of date rape: an examination of perpetrator motivation, relationship length, and gender role beliefs.
  • The purpose of the current study is to examine the influence of multiple offender motivations (including no indication of a motivation), relationship length, and gender role beliefs on perceptions of a male-on-female date rape.
  • A sample of 348 U.S. college students read a brief vignette depicting a date rape and completed a questionnaire regarding their attributions about the victim (culpability, credibility, trauma, pleasure) and perpetrator (culpability, guilt, sentencing recommendations).
  • Relationship length is not predictive of rape attributions.
  • Overall, gender role attitudes exert a more significant influence on rape attributions than participant gender.
  • The findings suggest that knowledge of an offender's motivation as well as observers' gender role attitudes can influence attributions about the culpability of victims and perpetrators of date rape.
  • [MeSH-major] Attitude to Health. Crime Victims / psychology. Interpersonal Relations. Judgment. Rape / psychology. Stereotyping

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  • (PMID = 22328651.001).
  • [ISSN] 1552-6518
  • [Journal-full-title] Journal of interpersonal violence
  • [ISO-abbreviation] J Interpers Violence
  • [Language] eng
  • [Publication-type] Journal Article
  • [Publication-country] United States
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9. |||||..... 53%  Quader MM, Rahman MH, Kamal M, Ahmed AU, Saha SK: Demography and findings of reported rape cases. Mymensingh Med J; 2010 Jan;19(1):32-6
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  • [Title] Demography and findings of reported rape cases.
  • Six hundred and ninety nine cases of alleged rape were studied by the authors during the period from 2007-2008 at the Mymensingh Medical College, Mymensingh.
  • Most of the alleged victims of rape were nulliparous 87.12% and parous was only 12.87%.
  • 430 (61.51%) cases of reported victims who were students of schools and colleges were not considered as rape cases considering their victim's history of love affairs, leaving home secretly with their lovers, living with them for many days.
  • Gang rape was not so common (4.29% of raped cases) in our study.
  • Age groups, their occupations, living areas, time of arrival for medico-legal examination have been studied.
  • A few numbers of victims were subjected to gang rape.
  • Examination and reporting the cases have been discussed.
  • [MeSH-major] Rape / statistics & numerical data

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  • (PMID = 20046168.001).
  • [ISSN] 1022-4742
  • [Journal-full-title] Mymensingh medical journal : MMJ
  • [ISO-abbreviation] Mymensingh Med J
  • [Language] eng
  • [Publication-type] Journal Article
  • [Publication-country] Bangladesh
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10. |||||..... 52%  Manzoor I, Hashmi NR, Mukhtar F: Medico-legal aspects of alleged rape victims in Lahore. J Coll Physicians Surg Pak; 2010 Dec;20(12):785-9
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  • [Source] The source of this record is MEDLINE®, a database of the U.S. National Library of Medicine.
  • [Title] Medico-legal aspects of alleged rape victims in Lahore.
  • OBJECTIVE: To describe the socio-demographic along with the medico-legal characteristics of rape victims reporting to a female police station of Lahore.
  • METHODOLOGY: A total of 74 cases of alleged rape victims were identified while reviewing all available police files concerning reported rapes and attempted rapes from 1995 to 2008.
  • Use of weapon, evidence of physical and genital trauma, assailant identification and his relationship with the victim, number of accused persons and location of rape was noted in each case.
  • Examination by doctor and obtaining the specimens were also identified and was related to the outcome of the court case.
  • Chi-square test was applied to determine the association of rape with age and educational status of the victim and the accused.
  • RESULTS: A total of 74 cases of alleged rape were reported in the study period at Shadman Female Police Station.
  • Significant association was found between the educational status of rape victims and accused (p = 0.016) but not between their ages (p = 0.862).
  • The maximum incidence of rape was reported in unmarried (n = 55, 74.3%) and unemployed (n =61, 82.4%) women.
  • CONCLUSION: Rape victims usually belong to young age group between 10-19 years majority of being unmarried and unemployed.
  • [MeSH-major] Rape / statistics & numerical data

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  • (PMID = 21205541.001).
  • [ISSN] 1022-386X
  • [Journal-full-title] Journal of the College of Physicians and Surgeons--Pakistan : JCPSP
  • [ISO-abbreviation] J Coll Physicians Surg Pak
  • [Language] eng
  • [Publication-type] Journal Article
  • [Publication-country] Pakistan
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11. |||....... 30%  Sommers MS, Fargo JD, Baker RB, Fisher BS, Buschur C, Zink TM: Health disparities in the forensic sexual assault examination related to skin color. J Forensic Nurs; 2009;5(4):191-200
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  • [Title] Health disparities in the forensic sexual assault examination related to skin color.
  • Little is known about the role of skin color in the forensic sexual assault examination.
  • The sample consisted of 120 healthy (63 Black, 57 White) women who underwent a forensic sexual assault examination following consensual sexual intercourse.
  • [MeSH-major] African Continental Ancestry Group. European Continental Ancestry Group. Physical Examination. Rape. Skin Pigmentation

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  • (PMID = 19947958.001).
  • [ISSN] 1556-3693
  • [Journal-full-title] Journal of forensic nursing
  • [ISO-abbreviation] J Forensic Nurs
  • [Language] eng
  • [Grant] United States / NINR NIH HHS / NR / R01 NR005352; United States / NINR NIH HHS / NR / R01NR05352
  • [Publication-type] Journal Article; Research Support, N.I.H., Extramural
  • [Publication-country] United States
  • [Chemical-registry-number] 0 / Coloring Agents; 15XUH0X66N / Tolonium Chloride
  • [Other-IDs] NLM/ NIHMS477563; NLM/ PMC3683456
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12. ||........ 23%  Zambon MP, Jacintho AC, Medeiros MM, Guglielminetti R, Marmo DB: Domestic violence against children and adolescents: a challenge. Rev Assoc Med Bras; 2012 Jul-Aug;58(4):465-71
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  • For victims of sexual abuse, the following variables were also studied: type of abuse (rape), location (domestic/urban), duration (acute/chronic), perpetrator (known, incestuous), alterations at medical examination, notification to child protection agencies, and antiretroviral medication and serology (HIV, syphilis, hepatitis B and C).
  • Rape was observed in 39% and indecent assault in 59.6%; 72.6% occurred in the domestic area, 81.1% by known perpetrator; 31.6% were incestuous, 47.4% were chronic, and 76.5% had no clinical alterations.
  • Antiretroviral medication was prescribed to 49.1% of patients, and serological tests (HIV in 46 [48.4%], syphilis in 42 [44.2%], hepatitis B in 44 [46.3%] and hepatitis C in 45 [47.4%]%), all of which were negative, were more frequent in rape victims (p = 0.00).
  • There was an association between rape and age (10 and 15 years, p = 0.01) and between incestuous perpetrator and chronic duration (p = 0.01).
  • [MeSH-minor] AIDS Serodiagnosis. Adolescent. Age Factors. Ambulatory Care / statistics & numerical data. Brazil / epidemiology. Child. Child Abuse, Sexual / psychology. Child Abuse, Sexual / statistics & numerical data. Child, Preschool. Female. HIV Infections / diagnosis. Humans. Incest / statistics & numerical data. Infant. Male. Medical Records / statistics & numerical data. Prevalence. Rape / statistics & numerical data. Sex Factors

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  • (PMID = 22930026.001).
  • [ISSN] 0104-4230
  • [Journal-full-title] Revista da Associação Médica Brasileira (1992)
  • [ISO-abbreviation] Rev Assoc Med Bras
  • [Language] eng; por
  • [Publication-type] Journal Article
  • [Publication-country] Brazil
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13. ||........ 22%  Kim JC, Askew I, Muvhango L, Dwane N, Abramsky T, Jan S, Ntlemo E, Chege J, Watts C: Comprehensive care and HIV prophylaxis after sexual assault in rural South Africa: the Refentse intervention study. BMJ; 2009;338:b515
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  • DESIGN: A nurse driven model of post-rape care was integrated into existing hospital services; the before and after study design evaluated impacts on quality of care, reviewing 334 hospital charts and conducting interviews with 16 service providers and 109 patients.
  • KEY MEASURES FOR IMPROVEMENT: Quality of care after rape (forensic history and examination, provision of emergency contraception, prophylaxis for sexually transmitted infections, referrals); provision of HIV counselling and testing and provision and completion of full 28 day course of PEP; and service utilisation (number of service providers seen on first visit and number of rape cases presenting to hospital per month).
  • STRATEGIES FOR CHANGE: After completing baseline research, we introduced a five part intervention model, consisting of a sexual violence advisory committee, hospital rape management policy, training workshop for service providers, designated examining room, and community awareness campaigns.
  • After the intervention, there were considerable improvements in clinical history and examination, pregnancy testing, emergency contraception, prophylaxis for sexually transmitted infections; HIV counselling and testing, PEP, trauma counselling, and referrals.
  • [MeSH-minor] Adolescent. Adult. Aged. Aged, 80 and over. Child. Child, Preschool. Counseling. Female. Humans. Infant. Male. Middle Aged. Nurse's Role. Quality of Health Care. Rape. Rural Health. South Africa. Violence. Young Adult


14. ||........ 21%  Galovski TE, Monson C, Bruce SE, Resick PA: Does cognitive-behavioral therapy for PTSD improve perceived health and sleep impairment? J Trauma Stress; 2009 Jun;22(3):197-204
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  • This study compares the differential effects of cognitive processing therapy (CPT) and prolonged exposure (PE) on health-related concerns and sleep impairment within a PTSD sample of female, adult rape survivors (N = 108).
  • Examination of sleep quality indicated significant improvement in both CPT and PE across treatment and follow-up and no significant differences between treatments.
  • [MeSH-minor] Adult. Female. Humans. Questionnaires. Rape / psychology. Treatment Outcome

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  • (PMID = 19466746.001).
  • [ISSN] 1573-6598
  • [Journal-full-title] Journal of traumatic stress
  • [ISO-abbreviation] J Trauma Stress
  • [Language] eng
  • [Grant] United States / NIMH NIH HHS / MH / R01 MH051509-09; United States / NIMH NIH HHS / MH / R01-MH51509
  • [Publication-type] Comparative Study; Journal Article; Randomized Controlled Trial; Research Support, N.I.H., Extramural
  • [Publication-country] United States
  • [Other-IDs] NLM/ NIHMS146207; NLM/ PMC2765684
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15. ||........ 20%  Teixeira SA, Taquette SR: Violence and unsafe sexual practices in adolescents under 15 years of age. Rev Assoc Med Bras; 2010 Jul-Aug;56(4):440-6
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  • Data were collected by means of semi-structured interviews (personal information and data on sexuality), clinical examination, and laboratory tests for diagnosis of sexually transmitted infections.
  • [MeSH-minor] Adolescent. Brazil / epidemiology. Child. Cohort Studies. Cross-Sectional Studies. Female. Humans. Pregnancy. Rape / statistics & numerical data. Risk Factors. Unsafe Sex


16. |||||..... 50%  Jina R, Jewkes R, Christofides N, Smith JH: Recovering of DNA evidence after rape. S Afr Med J; 2011 Oct;101(10):758-9
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  • [Title] Recovering of DNA evidence after rape.
  • OBJECTIVE: Sexual assault evidence collection kits (SAECKs) are used to collect evidence for DNA recovery after rape.
  • [MeSH-major] DNA Fingerprinting / methods. Forensic Medicine / methods. Physical Examination / methods. Rape

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  • (PMID = 22272857.001).
  • [ISSN] 0038-2469
  • [Journal-full-title] South African medical journal = Suid-Afrikaanse tydskrif vir geneeskunde
  • [ISO-abbreviation] S. Afr. Med. J.
  • [Language] eng
  • [Publication-type] Journal Article
  • [Publication-country] South Africa
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17. |||||..... 50%  McCauley JL, Calhoun KS, Gidycz CA: Binge drinking and rape: a prospective examination of college women with a history of previous sexual victimization. J Interpers Violence; 2010 Sep;25(9):1655-68
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  • [Title] Binge drinking and rape: a prospective examination of college women with a history of previous sexual victimization.
  • The current study prospectively examined the longitudinal relationships between binge drinking behavior and rape experiences among a multisite sample of college women with a history of prior attempted or completed rape (N = 228).
  • Prospective analyses indicated that binge drinking significantly increased risk for subsequent rape.
  • Monthly binge drinkers were significantly more likely to experience alcohol-involved rape than forcible rape at follow-up.
  • Only prior binge drinking, and not type of rape experience, predicted subsequent binge drinking.
  • Findings have direct implications for targeted programming addressing combined risks for binge drinking and rape among college women.
  • [MeSH-major] Alcoholic Intoxication / epidemiology. Crime Victims / statistics & numerical data. Rape / statistics & numerical data. Risk-Taking. Students / statistics & numerical data

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  • (PMID = 20068115.001).
  • [ISSN] 1552-6518
  • [Journal-full-title] Journal of interpersonal violence
  • [ISO-abbreviation] J Interpers Violence
  • [Language] eng
  • [Grant] United States / PHS HHS / / R/49CCR415604
  • [Publication-type] Journal Article; Research Support, U.S. Gov't, P.H.S.
  • [Publication-country] United States
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18. |||||..... 46%  Healey J, Lussier P, Beauregard E: Sexual sadism in the context of rape and sexual homicide: an examination of crime scene indicators. Int J Offender Ther Comp Criminol; 2013 Apr;57(4):402-24
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  • [Title] Sexual sadism in the context of rape and sexual homicide: an examination of crime scene indicators.
  • This study investigates the convergent and predictive validity of behavioral crime scene indicators of sexual sadism in the context of rape and sexual homicide.
  • [MeSH-major] Homicide / psychology. Rape / psychology. Sadism / psychology

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  • (PMID = 22436735.001).
  • [ISSN] 1552-6933
  • [Journal-full-title] International journal of offender therapy and comparative criminology
  • [ISO-abbreviation] Int J Offender Ther Comp Criminol
  • [Language] eng
  • [Publication-type] Comparative Study; Journal Article
  • [Publication-country] United States
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19. |||||..... 45%  Jones JS, Rossman L, Wynn BN, Ostovar H: Assailants' sexual dysfunction during rape: prevalence and relationship to genital trauma in female victims. J Emerg Med; 2010 May;38(4):529-35
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  • [Title] Assailants' sexual dysfunction during rape: prevalence and relationship to genital trauma in female victims.
  • BACKGROUND: Partial or complete failure to maintain an erection sufficient for coitus is known to occur in a proportion of sexual assailants during the rape episode.
  • Except for assailant age, the two victim groups were comparable in terms of marital status, alcohol and drug use, known assailant, and time to physical examination.
  • CONCLUSION: Erectile impotence occurred in up to 8% of sexual assailants during the rape episode.
  • In the attacks with erectile impotence, there was a higher incidence of intra-rape violence and subsequent non-genital injuries.
  • [MeSH-major] Anal Canal / injuries. Erectile Dysfunction / epidemiology. Genitalia, Female / injuries. Rape. Violence / statistics & numerical data

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  • [Copyright] Copyright (c) 2010 Elsevier Inc. All rights reserved.
  • (PMID = 19232872.001).
  • [ISSN] 0736-4679
  • [Journal-full-title] The Journal of emergency medicine
  • [ISO-abbreviation] J Emerg Med
  • [Language] eng
  • [Publication-type] Journal Article; Research Support, Non-U.S. Gov't
  • [Publication-country] United States
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20. ||||...... 43%  Kaye DK, Kakaire O, Osinde MO: Rape myths, alcohol intoxication and condom use among males accused of sexual assault in Kabale, rural Uganda. Trop Doct; 2011 Jul;41(3):151-3
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  • [Title] Rape myths, alcohol intoxication and condom use among males accused of sexual assault in Kabale, rural Uganda.
  • Through a cross-sectional study conducted at Kabale Regional Hospital, among 111 men accused of rape and admitted for forensic examination from June 2009 to June 2010, we assessed whether the characteristics of perpetrators and the circumstances of the alleged sexual assault differ in acquaintance and stranger rape.
  • There was no difference in the socio-demographic and lifestyle characteristics between stranger and acquaintance rape.
  • Our study shows that rape myths and drinking alcohol were common in all types of sexual assault.
  • [MeSH-major] Alcoholic Intoxication / epidemiology. Condoms / utilization. Rape / psychology. Rural Population. Sex Offenses / statistics & numerical data

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  • (PMID = 21532000.001).
  • [ISSN] 1758-1133
  • [Journal-full-title] Tropical doctor
  • [ISO-abbreviation] Trop Doct
  • [Language] eng
  • [Publication-type] Journal Article
  • [Publication-country] England
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21. ||||...... 43%  Hagemann CT, Stene LE, Myhre AK, Ormstad K, Schei B: Impact of medico-legal findings on charge filing in cases of rape in adult women. Acta Obstet Gynecol Scand; 2011 Nov;90(11):1218-24
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  • [Title] Impact of medico-legal findings on charge filing in cases of rape in adult women.
  • OBJECTIVE: To assess the impact of the medical documentation and biological trace evidence in rape cases on the legal process.
  • SETTING AND SAMPLE: Police-reported cases of rape of women ≥16 years old in the Norwegian county of Sør-Trøndelag from January 1997 to June 2003.
  • Increased use of such medical evidence, especially in cases of stranger rape, may ensure women's rights and increase available information to the legal system.
  • [MeSH-major] Forensic Medicine. Genitalia, Female / injuries. Rape / legislation & jurisprudence
  • [MeSH-minor] Adolescent. Adult. Female. Humans. Physical Examination. Retrospective Studies

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  • [Copyright] © 2011 The Authors Acta Obstetricia et Gynecologica Scandinavica© 2011 Nordic Federation of Societies of Obstetrics and Gynecology.
  • (PMID = 21793810.001).
  • [ISSN] 1600-0412
  • [Journal-full-title] Acta obstetricia et gynecologica Scandinavica
  • [ISO-abbreviation] Acta Obstet Gynecol Scand
  • [Language] eng
  • [Publication-type] Journal Article; Research Support, Non-U.S. Gov't
  • [Publication-country] England
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22. ||||...... 42%  Johnson DJ, Matthies LK, Roberts KA, Yorker BC: Isolation and individualization of conceptus and maternal tissues from abortions and placentas for parentage testing in cases of rape and abandoned newborns. J Forensic Sci; 2010 Nov;55(6):1430-6
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  • [Source] The source of this record is MEDLINE®, a database of the U.S. National Library of Medicine.
  • [Title] Isolation and individualization of conceptus and maternal tissues from abortions and placentas for parentage testing in cases of rape and abandoned newborns.
  • Abortion specimens are often submitted to forensic laboratories as the only piece of physical evidence in rape and incest cases.
  • We report on the identification and isolation of conceptus tissues from embryonic- and fetal-period abortions, and maternal tissues from delivered placentas, by gross and low-magnification examination with manual dissection.
  • [MeSH-major] Aborted Fetus / pathology. DNA Fingerprinting. Paternity. Placenta / pathology. Rape

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  • [Copyright] © 2010 American Academy of Forensic Sciences.
  • (PMID = 20487164.001).
  • [ISSN] 1556-4029
  • [Journal-full-title] Journal of forensic sciences
  • [ISO-abbreviation] J. Forensic Sci.
  • [Language] eng
  • [Publication-type] Journal Article
  • [Publication-country] United States
  • [Chemical-registry-number] 9007-49-2 / DNA
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23. ||||...... 40%  Slaughter L, Henry T: Rape: when the exam is normal. J Pediatr Adolesc Gynecol; 2009 Feb;22(1):7-10
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  • [Source] The source of this record is MEDLINE®, a database of the U.S. National Library of Medicine.
  • [Title] Rape: when the exam is normal.
  • We review the role of substance use and exam findings and discuss both victim and suspect factors that may lead to a negative examination of the victim.
  • [MeSH-major] Physical Examination. Rape / diagnosis

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  • (PMID = 19232296.001).
  • [ISSN] 1873-4332
  • [Journal-full-title] Journal of pediatric and adolescent gynecology
  • [ISO-abbreviation] J Pediatr Adolesc Gynecol
  • [Language] eng
  • [Publication-type] Case Reports; Journal Article
  • [Publication-country] United States
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24. ||||...... 40%  Adamowicz P, Kała M: Simultaneous screening for and determination of 128 date-rape drugs in urine by gas chromatography-electron ionization-mass spectrometry. Forensic Sci Int; 2010 May 20;198(1-3):39-45
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  • [Source] The source of this record is MEDLINE®, a database of the U.S. National Library of Medicine.
  • [Title] Simultaneous screening for and determination of 128 date-rape drugs in urine by gas chromatography-electron ionization-mass spectrometry.
  • Date-rape drugs (DRDs) are used for the purpose of "drugging" unsuspected victims and raping or robbing them while under the influence of the drug.
  • The wide variety of substances used for criminal purposes, their low concentrations in body fluids and, often, a long time delay between the event and clinical examination make comprehensive screening analysis of biological materials collected from crime victims for the presence of these drugs very difficult.
  • The purpose of this study was to develop a simple GC-EI-MS screening procedure for date-rape drugs in urine.
  • [MeSH-minor] Crime Victims. Forensic Toxicology / methods. Humans. Rape

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  • (PMID = 20207513.001).
  • [ISSN] 1872-6283
  • [Journal-full-title] Forensic science international
  • [ISO-abbreviation] Forensic Sci. Int.
  • [Language] eng
  • [Publication-type] Journal Article; Research Support, Non-U.S. Gov't
  • [Publication-country] Ireland
  • [Chemical-registry-number] 0 / Central Nervous System Agents
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25. ||||...... 39%  Johansen SS, Dahl-Sørensen R: A drug rape case involving triazolam detected in hair and urine. Int J Legal Med; 2012 Jul;126(4):637-43
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  • [Source] The source of this record is MEDLINE®, a database of the U.S. National Library of Medicine.
  • [Title] A drug rape case involving triazolam detected in hair and urine.
  • A drug rape case involving the potent, short-acting sedative triazolam will be presented.
  • Screening for alcohol, commonly used drugs and illicit substances in blood and urine sampled during the forensic examination 20 h after the last incident, was negative.
  • [MeSH-major] Hair / chemistry. Hypnotics and Sedatives / analysis. Rape. Triazolam / analysis

  • HSDB. structure - TRIAZOLAM.
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  • (PMID = 22160334.001).
  • [ISSN] 1437-1596
  • [Journal-full-title] International journal of legal medicine
  • [ISO-abbreviation] Int. J. Legal Med.
  • [Language] eng
  • [Publication-type] Case Reports; Journal Article
  • [Publication-country] Germany
  • [Chemical-registry-number] 0 / Hypnotics and Sedatives; 1HM943223R / Triazolam; 37115-45-0 / alpha-hydroxytriazolam
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26. ||||...... 38%  Collins B, Fischer S, Stojek M, Becker K: The relationship of thought suppression and recent rape to disordered eating in emerging adulthood. J Adolesc; 2014 Feb;37(2):113-21
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  • [Source] The source of this record is MEDLINE®, a database of the U.S. National Library of Medicine.
  • [Title] The relationship of thought suppression and recent rape to disordered eating in emerging adulthood.
  • This study utilizes a prospective design to examine the interaction of recent rape/attempted rape with individual differences in thought suppression on increases in disordered eating symptoms during late adolescence/emerging adulthood.
  • We propose that emerging adult women who have experienced recent rape/attempted rape and tend to use thought suppression as a coping mechanism are at risk for increases in disordered eating.
  • 319 women completed the Eating Disorder Examination Questionnaire, the Sexual Experiences Survey, the Childhood Trauma Questionnaire, and the White Bear Thought Suppression Inventory in their first month of college and three months later.
  • The experience of recent rape/attempted rape in the three months prior to the assessment accounted for unique variance in disordered eating at Time 2.
  • Levels of thought suppression assessed at Time 1 significantly moderated the influence of recent rape/attempted rape on disordered eating at Time 2.

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  • [Copyright] Copyright © 2013 The Foundation for Professionals in Services for Adolescents. Published by Elsevier Ltd. All rights reserved.
  • (PMID = 24439617.001).
  • [ISSN] 1095-9254
  • [Journal-full-title] Journal of adolescence
  • [ISO-abbreviation] J Adolesc
  • [Language] eng
  • [Publication-type] Journal Article; Research Support, Non-U.S. Gov't
  • [Publication-country] England
  • [Keywords] NOTNLM ; Coping / Disordered eating / Emerging adulthood / Sexual assault / Thought suppression
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27. ||||...... 38%  Rey-Salmon C: [Examination and care of sexual assault victims]. Rev Prat; 2012 Jun;62(6):803-5, 807-8
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  • [Source] The source of this record is MEDLINE®, a database of the U.S. National Library of Medicine.
  • [Title] [Examination and care of sexual assault victims].
  • Taking time to listen to the victim's story is essential to direct the examination and sample collection.
  • The general physical examination screens for physical injuries.
  • Perineal examination is specialized, and should be performed within a very short period of time in the event of a recent assault with sexual penetration.
  • The purpose of further examination is to collect evidence and identify the victim's sexually transmitted disease status to screen for any seroconversion during follow-up.
  • [MeSH-major] Crime Victims. Delivery of Health Care / methods. Physical Examination / methods. Rape / diagnosis. Rape / rehabilitation


28. ||||...... 37%  Mulla S: Facing victims: forensics, visual technologies, and sexual assault examination. Med Anthropol; 2011 May;30(3):271-94
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  • [Source] The source of this record is MEDLINE®, a database of the U.S. National Library of Medicine.
  • [Title] Facing victims: forensics, visual technologies, and sexual assault examination.
  • In particular, forensic nurse examiners practice a rigid regime of draping and avoiding the victim-patient's gaze at some points in the forensic routine while engaging the victim's gaze at other points in the examination.
  • Unlike the examination, the photograph itself deliberately pictures the patient's gaze to break the plane of the image, giving the photographic artifact an affective charge as a truth-preserving object within a juridical process.
  • [MeSH-major] Crime Victims / psychology. Forensic Nursing / methods. Photography / methods. Physical Examination / methods. Rape / psychology

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  • (PMID = 21590582.001).
  • [ISSN] 1545-5882
  • [Journal-full-title] Medical anthropology
  • [ISO-abbreviation] Med Anthropol
  • [Language] eng
  • [Publication-type] Journal Article; Research Support, Non-U.S. Gov't; Research Support, U.S. Gov't, Non-P.H.S.
  • [Publication-country] England
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29. ||||...... 36%  Ali B, Song WJ, Hu WZ, Luo XN, Gill RA, Wang J, Zhou WJ: Hydrogen sulfide alleviates lead-induced photosynthetic and ultrastructural changes in oilseed rape. Ecotoxicol Environ Saf; 2014 Apr;102:25-33
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  • [Source] The source of this record is MEDLINE®, a database of the U.S. National Library of Medicine.
  • [Title] Hydrogen sulfide alleviates lead-induced photosynthetic and ultrastructural changes in oilseed rape.
  • The role of hydrogen sulfide (H2S) in alleviating lead (Pb) induced stress in oilseed rape (Brassica napus L.) was studied under laboratory conditions.
  • The microscopic examination indicated that application of exogenous H2S enabled a clean mesophyll cell having a well developed chloroplast with thylakoid membranes and starch grains.

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  • [Copyright] Copyright © 2014 Elsevier Inc. All rights reserved.
  • (PMID = 24580818.001).
  • [ISSN] 1090-2414
  • [Journal-full-title] Ecotoxicology and environmental safety
  • [ISO-abbreviation] Ecotoxicol. Environ. Saf.
  • [Language] eng
  • [Publication-type] Journal Article
  • [Publication-country] United States
  • [Keywords] NOTNLM ; Brassica napus L. / Hydrogen sulfide / Lead / Plant growth / Root morphology / Ultrastructural changes
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30. ||||...... 35%  White C: Genital injuries in adults. Best Pract Res Clin Obstet Gynaecol; 2013 Feb;27(1):113-30
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  • [Source] The source of this record is MEDLINE®, a database of the U.S. National Library of Medicine.
  • The examination of the rape victim should focus on the therapeutic, forensic and psychological needs of the individual patient.
  • One aspect will be an examination for ano-genital injuries.
  • There are many myths and misunderstandings about ano-genital injuries and rape.
  • [MeSH-major] Anal Canal / injuries. Physical Examination / methods. Rape. Vagina / injuries. Vulva / injuries

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  • [Copyright] Copyright © 2012 Elsevier Ltd. All rights reserved.
  • (PMID = 23219384.001).
  • [ISSN] 1532-1932
  • [Journal-full-title] Best practice & research. Clinical obstetrics & gynaecology
  • [ISO-abbreviation] Best Pract Res Clin Obstet Gynaecol
  • [Language] eng
  • [Publication-type] Journal Article; Review
  • [Publication-country] Netherlands
  • [Chemical-registry-number] 0 / Coloring Agents; 0 / Contraceptives, Oral, Hormonal; 15XUH0X66N / Tolonium Chloride
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31. |||....... 34%  Bode-Jänisch S, Buddeke F, Schulz Y, Fieguth A: [Clinical forensic examination findings in assault cases among adolescents]. Arch Kriminol; 2010 Nov-Dec;226(5-6):187-95
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  • [Source] The source of this record is MEDLINE®, a database of the U.S. National Library of Medicine.
  • [Title] [Clinical forensic examination findings in assault cases among adolescents].
  • The clinical forensic examination cases of youth violence victims examined at the Institute of Legal Medicine of the Hanover Medical School and its Oldenburg Branch between 1999 and 2008 were retrospectively analyzed.
  • [MeSH-major] Juvenile Delinquency / legislation & jurisprudence. Rape / legislation & jurisprudence. Sex Offenses / legislation & jurisprudence. Violence / legislation & jurisprudence. Wounds, Penetrating / diagnosis
  • [MeSH-minor] Adolescent. Alcoholic Intoxication / diagnosis. Alcoholic Intoxication / epidemiology. Cross-Sectional Studies. Female. Germany. Humans. Male. Physical Examination. Theft / legislation & jurisprudence. Theft / statistics & numerical data. Wounds, Nonpenetrating / diagnosis. Wounds, Nonpenetrating / epidemiology

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  • (PMID = 21254705.001).
  • [ISSN] 0003-9225
  • [Journal-full-title] Archiv für Kriminologie
  • [ISO-abbreviation] Arch Kriminol
  • [Language] ger
  • [Publication-type] English Abstract; Journal Article
  • [Publication-country] Germany
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32. |||....... 34%  Fisher BS, Kaplan A, Budescu M, Fargo J, Tiller D, Everett J, Sommers M: The influence of anogenital injury on women's willingness to engage with the criminal justice process after rape. Violence Vict; 2013;28(6):968-83
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  • [Source] The source of this record is MEDLINE®, a database of the U.S. National Library of Medicine.
  • [Title] The influence of anogenital injury on women's willingness to engage with the criminal justice process after rape.
  • A sample of women age 21 years and older residing in an urban area were asked about willingness to report to police, file charges, and work with the courts to prosecute after rape.
  • Questions were framed with a qualifying statement about the forensic examination being able to detect injury related to forced sexual intercourse.
  • Results show that women had a high willingness to act if the examination could detect anogenital injury and women with and without a history of forced sexual intercourse had significant differences in their responses to these questions.

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  • (PMID = 24547675.001).
  • [ISSN] 0886-6708
  • [Journal-full-title] Violence and victims
  • [ISO-abbreviation] Violence Vict
  • [Language] eng
  • [Grant] United States / NINR NIH HHS / NR / 1R01NR011589
  • [Publication-type] Journal Article; Research Support, N.I.H., Extramural
  • [Publication-country] United States
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33. |||....... 32%  Murphy SB, Potter SJ, Pierce-Weeks J, Stapleton JG, Wiesen-Martin D: An examination of SANE data: clinical considerations based on victim-assailant relationship. J Forensic Nurs; 2011 Sep;7(3):137-44
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  • [Source] The source of this record is MEDLINE®, a database of the U.S. National Library of Medicine.
  • [Title] An examination of SANE data: clinical considerations based on victim-assailant relationship.
  • Secondary analysis was conducted on data gathered by SANEs from responses to a standardized questionnaire based on the medical/forensic examination of each patient over an 11-year period.
  • [MeSH-major] Interpersonal Relations. Rape / statistics & numerical data
  • [MeSH-minor] Adult. Colposcopy / utilization. Female. Forensic Nursing. Genitalia, Female / injuries. Gynecological Examination / statistics & numerical data. Humans. Male. New Hampshire. Rural Population. Sexual Partners. Urban Population. Weapons

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  • [Copyright] © 2011 International Association of Forensic Nurses.
  • (PMID = 21884401.001).
  • [ISSN] 1939-3938
  • [Journal-full-title] Journal of forensic nursing
  • [ISO-abbreviation] J Forensic Nurs
  • [Language] eng
  • [Publication-type] Journal Article
  • [Publication-country] United States
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34. |||....... 32%  Du Mont J, White D, McGregor MJ: Investigating the medical forensic examination from the perspectives of sexually assaulted women. Soc Sci Med; 2009 Feb;68(4):774-80
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  • [Source] The source of this record is MEDLINE®, a database of the U.S. National Library of Medicine.
  • [Title] Investigating the medical forensic examination from the perspectives of sexually assaulted women.
  • Across many jurisdictions, a key institutional response to sexual assault is centred on the collection of medico-legal evidence through a medical forensic examination (MFE).
  • [MeSH-major] Crime Victims / psychology. Emergency Service, Hospital. Patient Acceptance of Health Care. Physical Examination. Rape / psychology

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  • (PMID = 19095341.001).
  • [ISSN] 0277-9536
  • [Journal-full-title] Social science & medicine (1982)
  • [ISO-abbreviation] Soc Sci Med
  • [Language] eng
  • [Publication-type] Journal Article; Research Support, Non-U.S. Gov't
  • [Publication-country] England
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35. |||....... 32%  Delacroix J, Brown J, Kadenhe-Chiweshe A, Bodenstein L, Stimell-Rauch M, Lowe T: Rectal perforation secondary to rape and fisting in a female adolescent. Pediatr Emerg Care; 2011 Feb;27(2):116-9
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  • [Source] The source of this record is MEDLINE®, a database of the U.S. National Library of Medicine.
  • [Title] Rectal perforation secondary to rape and fisting in a female adolescent.
  • The patient's history and physical examination was complicated by multiple factors: she was intoxicated at the time of presentation as well as during the assault; her presentation fluctuated over time, she was obese, and she carried a psychiatric diagnosis.
  • [MeSH-major] Intestinal Perforation / surgery. Rape / diagnosis. Rectum / injuries. Rectum / surgery

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  • (PMID = 21293217.001).
  • [ISSN] 1535-1815
  • [Journal-full-title] Pediatric emergency care
  • [ISO-abbreviation] Pediatr Emerg Care
  • [Language] eng
  • [Publication-type] Case Reports; Journal Article
  • [Publication-country] United States
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37. |||....... 31%  Weitlauf JC, Frayne SM, Finney JW, Moos RH, Jones S, Hu K, Spiegel D: Sexual violence, posttraumatic stress disorder, and the pelvic examination: how do beliefs about the safety, necessity, and utility of the examination influence patient experiences? J Womens Health (Larchmt); 2010 Jul;19(7):1271-80
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  • [Source] The source of this record is MEDLINE®, a database of the U.S. National Library of Medicine.
  • [Title] Sexual violence, posttraumatic stress disorder, and the pelvic examination: how do beliefs about the safety, necessity, and utility of the examination influence patient experiences?
  • BACKGROUND: Sexual violence and posttraumatic stress disorder (PTSD) have been linked to increased reports of distress and pain during the pelvic examination.
  • Efforts to more fully characterize these reactions and identify core factors (i.e., beliefs about the examination) that may influence these reactions are warranted.
  • AIMS: This descriptive, cross-sectional study examines the relationship between sexual violence, PTSD, and women's negative reactions to the pelvic examination.
  • Additional analyses highlight how maladaptive beliefs about the safety, necessity, and utility of the pelvic examination may contribute to these reactions.
  • (4) fear, embarrassment, distress, and pain during the pelvic examination; and (5) core beliefs about the examination.
  • RESULTS: Women with both sexual violence and PTSD reported the highest levels of examination related fear: chi(2) = 18.8, p < .001; embarrassment: chi(2) = 21.2, p < .001; and distress: chi(2) = 18.2, p < .001.
  • Beliefs that the examination was unnecessary or unsafe or not useful were more commonly reported in this group and were associated with higher levels of examination-related fear and embarrassment.
  • CONCLUSION: Women with sexual violence and PTSD find the pelvic examination distressing, embarrassing, and frightening.
  • Efforts to develop interventions to help reduce distress during the examination are warranted.
  • [MeSH-major] Physical Examination / psychology. Rape. Stress Disorders, Post-Traumatic

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  • [CommentIn] J Womens Health (Larchmt). 2010 Jul;19(7):1239-41 [20528479.001]
  • (PMID = 20509787.001).
  • [ISSN] 1931-843X
  • [Journal-full-title] Journal of women's health (2002)
  • [ISO-abbreviation] J Womens Health (Larchmt)
  • [Language] eng
  • [Publication-type] Journal Article; Research Support, Non-U.S. Gov't; Research Support, U.S. Gov't, Non-P.H.S.
  • [Publication-country] United States
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38. |||....... 30%  Astrup BS, Lauritsen J, Thomsen JL, Ravn P: Colposcopic photography of genital injury following sexual intercourse in adults. Forensic Sci Med Pathol; 2013 Mar;9(1):24-30
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  • [Source] The source of this record is MEDLINE®, a database of the U.S. National Library of Medicine.
  • A total of 316 colposcopic photographs from 51 women taken on three occasions following consensual sexual intercourse, and 78 colposcopic photographs from 39 rape victims, were evaluated by four different observers.
  • The moderate agreement and accuracy stresses the need for quality control in the gynecological part of a rape examination.
  • [MeSH-major] Coitus. Colposcopy. Forensic Pathology / methods. Genitalia, Female / injuries. Photography. Rape. Wounds and Injuries / pathology

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  • (PMID = 23247984.001).
  • [ISSN] 1556-2891
  • [Journal-full-title] Forensic science, medicine, and pathology
  • [ISO-abbreviation] Forensic Sci Med Pathol
  • [Language] eng
  • [Publication-type] Evaluation Studies; Journal Article
  • [Publication-country] United States
  • [Chemical-registry-number] 0 / Coloring Agents; 15XUH0X66N / Tolonium Chloride
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39. |||....... 29%  Woodworth M, Freimuth T, Hutton EL, Carpenter T, Agar AD, Logan M: High-risk sexual offenders: an examination of sexual fantasy, sexual paraphilia, psychopathy, and offence characteristics. Int J Law Psychiatry; 2013 Mar-Apr;36(2):144-56
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  • [Source] The source of this record is MEDLINE®, a database of the U.S. National Library of Medicine.
  • [Title] High-risk sexual offenders: an examination of sexual fantasy, sexual paraphilia, psychopathy, and offence characteristics.
  • [MeSH-minor] Adult. Aged. Canada. Cross-Sectional Studies. Humans. Male. Middle Aged. Pedophilia / diagnosis. Pedophilia / psychology. Rape / legislation & jurisprudence. Rape / psychology. Rape / statistics & numerical data. Risk Factors. Sadism / diagnosis. Sadism / psychology. Young Adult

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  • [Copyright] Copyright © 2013 Elsevier Ltd. All rights reserved.
  • (PMID = 23395507.001).
  • [ISSN] 1873-6386
  • [Journal-full-title] International journal of law and psychiatry
  • [ISO-abbreviation] Int J Law Psychiatry
  • [Language] eng
  • [Publication-type] Journal Article
  • [Publication-country] Netherlands
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40. |||....... 28%  Stene LE, Ormstad K, Schei B: Implementation of medical examination and forensic analyses in the investigation of sexual assaults against adult women: a retrospective study of police files and medical journals. Forensic Sci Int; 2010 Jun 15;199(1-3):79-84
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  • [Source] The source of this record is MEDLINE®, a database of the U.S. National Library of Medicine.
  • [Title] Implementation of medical examination and forensic analyses in the investigation of sexual assaults against adult women: a retrospective study of police files and medical journals.
  • OBJECTIVE: To describe the implementation of medical examination and forensic analysis in the police investigation of sexual assaults, and compare police-reported cases with and without medico-legal examination of the victim.
  • In cases without examination at the SACC, there was more likely assault outside the city, over one week's delay between the assault and police-reporting, over one assault reported, and assault coded as attempted rape, while vaginal penetration was less likely.
  • Adjusting for delay of reporting, geographical closeness to health care remained predictive of medical examination.
  • CONCLUSION: The police requested a medical report in most cases where the victim had undergone examination, while a minority of collected biological samples was analyzed.
  • [MeSH-major] Crime Victims / statistics & numerical data. Medical Records. Physical Examination / statistics & numerical data. Police. Sex Offenses / statistics & numerical data


41. |||....... 27%  von Sternberg K, Cardoso JB, Jun J, Learman J, Velasquez MM: An examination of the path between recent sexual violence and sexually transmitted infections. Womens Health Issues; 2012 May-Jun;22(3):e283-92
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  • [Source] The source of this record is MEDLINE®, a database of the U.S. National Library of Medicine.
  • [Title] An examination of the path between recent sexual violence and sexually transmitted infections.
  • [MeSH-major] Rape / statistics & numerical data. Sexual Behavior. Sexually Transmitted Diseases / epidemiology. Violence

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  • [Copyright] Copyright © 2012 Jacobs Institute of Women's Health. Published by Elsevier Inc. All rights reserved.
  • (PMID = 22382125.001).
  • [ISSN] 1878-4321
  • [Journal-full-title] Women's health issues : official publication of the Jacobs Institute of Women's Health
  • [ISO-abbreviation] Womens Health Issues
  • [Language] eng
  • [Publication-type] Journal Article; Research Support, U.S. Gov't, P.H.S.
  • [Publication-country] United States
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42. |||....... 26%  Kennedy KM: Heterogeneity of existing research relating to sexual violence, sexual assault and rape precludes meta-analysis of injury data. J Forensic Leg Med; 2013 Jul;20(5):447-59
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  • [Source] The source of this record is MEDLINE®, a database of the U.S. National Library of Medicine.
  • [Title] Heterogeneity of existing research relating to sexual violence, sexual assault and rape precludes meta-analysis of injury data.
  • [MeSH-minor] Bias (Epidemiology). Colposcopy. Female. Genitalia / injuries. Humans. Male. Physical Examination. Prevalence. Self Report. Staining and Labeling

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  • [Copyright] Copyright © 2013 Elsevier Ltd and Faculty of Forensic and Legal Medicine. All rights reserved.
  • (PMID = 23756514.001).
  • [ISSN] 1878-7487
  • [Journal-full-title] Journal of forensic and legal medicine
  • [ISO-abbreviation] J Forensic Leg Med
  • [Language] eng
  • [Publication-type] Journal Article; Meta-Analysis; Review
  • [Publication-country] England
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43. |||....... 26%  Warner LA, Alegría M, Canino G: Childhood maltreatment among Hispanic women in the United States: an examination of subgroup differences and impact on psychiatric disorder. Child Maltreat; 2012 May;17(2):119-31
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  • [Source] The source of this record is MEDLINE®, a database of the U.S. National Library of Medicine.
  • [Title] Childhood maltreatment among Hispanic women in the United States: an examination of subgroup differences and impact on psychiatric disorder.
  • Ethnic subgroups reported similar rates of maltreatment, with the exception of rape.


44. ||........ 24%  Astrup BS, Ravn P, Thomsen JL, Lauritsen J: Patterned genital injury in cases of rape--a case-control study. J Forensic Leg Med; 2013 Jul;20(5):525-9
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  • [Source] The source of this record is MEDLINE®, a database of the U.S. National Library of Medicine.
  • [Title] Patterned genital injury in cases of rape--a case-control study.
  • [MeSH-major] Genitalia, Female / injuries. Genitalia, Female / pathology. Rape
  • [MeSH-minor] Adult. Case-Control Studies. Coitus. Coloring Agents. Colposcopy. Female. Forensic Pathology. Gynecological Examination. Hematoma / pathology. Humans. Prospective Studies. Staining and Labeling. Tolonium Chloride. Young Adult

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  • [Copyright] Copyright © 2013 Elsevier Ltd and Faculty of Forensic and Legal Medicine. All rights reserved.
  • [CommentIn] J Forensic Leg Med. 2013 Nov;20(8):1145-6 [24237840.001]
  • [CommentIn] J Forensic Leg Med. 2013 Nov;20(8):1147-8 [24237841.001]
  • (PMID = 23756527.001).
  • [ISSN] 1878-7487
  • [Journal-full-title] Journal of forensic and legal medicine
  • [ISO-abbreviation] J Forensic Leg Med
  • [Language] eng
  • [Publication-type] Journal Article
  • [Publication-country] England
  • [Chemical-registry-number] 0 / Coloring Agents; 15XUH0X66N / Tolonium Chloride
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45. ||........ 24%  Ranson D: Sexual assault examinations and forensic medical samples. J Law Med; 2011 Sep;19(1):32-5
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  • [Source] The source of this record is MEDLINE®, a database of the U.S. National Library of Medicine.
  • Recent studies and a review in the United States have identified that tens of thousands of used but untested sexual assault examination kits containing medical examination specimens are to be found in police station evidence rooms, forensic science laboratories, hospitals and rape crisis centres.
  • For the medical practitioner, the lack of testing poses issues that include quality management of the forensic medical examination and informed consent in a setting requiring the balancing of public and private benefits for the examinee.
  • [MeSH-major] Forensic Medicine. Physical Examination. Rape / legislation & jurisprudence

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  • (PMID = 21988007.001).
  • [ISSN] 1320-159X
  • [Journal-full-title] Journal of law and medicine
  • [ISO-abbreviation] J Law Med
  • [Language] eng
  • [Publication-type] Journal Article
  • [Publication-country] Australia
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46. ||........ 24%  Modelli ME, Galvão MF, Pratesi R: Child sexual abuse. Forensic Sci Int; 2012 Apr 10;217(1-3):1-4
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  • [Source] The source of this record is MEDLINE®, a database of the U.S. National Library of Medicine.
  • OBJECTIVE: To evaluate the prevalence of sexual abuse in the pediatric population of the Federal District and discuss the difficulties in interpreting the examination of the genitalia in this age group, both by general practitioners as medical expert forensic officers.
  • In 20 cases (8.4%), the time interval between fact and examination precluded any conclusion.
  • The girls (1524 cases) referred to the IML-DF were subjected to two types of tests: libidinous acts (773 to 50.7%) and rape (751 to 49.3%).
  • In tests of libidinous acts, 5.3% had signs of sexual abuse perpetrated by acquaintances (68.2%), and 3.0% were inconclusive because of the long time lag between the examination and fact.
  • In survey of rape cases, only 2.1% of subjects examined had lesions consistent with abuse.
  • [MeSH-minor] Age Distribution. Anal Canal / pathology. Brazil. Child. Contusions / pathology. Cross-Sectional Studies. Dilatation, Pathologic. Female. Fissure in Ano / pathology. Forensic Pathology. Humans. Lacerations / pathology. Male. Physical Examination. Rape / diagnosis. Rape / statistics & numerical data. Retrospective Studies. Sex Distribution

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  • [Copyright] Published by Elsevier Ireland Ltd.
  • (PMID = 21880444.001).
  • [ISSN] 1872-6283
  • [Journal-full-title] Forensic science international
  • [ISO-abbreviation] Forensic Sci. Int.
  • [Language] eng
  • [Publication-type] Journal Article
  • [Publication-country] Ireland
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47. ||........ 23%  Kingree JB, Thompson MP: Fraternity membership and sexual aggression: an examination of mediators of the association. J Am Coll Health; 2013;61(4):213-21
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  • [Source] The source of this record is MEDLINE®, a database of the U.S. National Library of Medicine.
  • [Title] Fraternity membership and sexual aggression: an examination of mediators of the association.
  • OBJECTIVE: This prospective study examined attitudes (ie, hostility toward women, acceptance of rape myths), peer influences (ie, peer pressure to have sex, peer approval of forced sex), and risky behaviors (ie, high-risk alcohol use, number of sexual partners) as possible mediators of the association between fraternity membership and sexual aggression.
  • [MeSH-minor] Adolescent. Alcohol Drinking / epidemiology. Alcohol Drinking / psychology. Attitude. Humans. Male. Prospective Studies. Rape / psychology. Risk-Taking. United States

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  • (PMID = 23663125.001).
  • [ISSN] 1940-3208
  • [Journal-full-title] Journal of American college health : J of ACH
  • [ISO-abbreviation] J Am Coll Health
  • [Language] eng
  • [Publication-type] Journal Article
  • [Publication-country] United States
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48. ||........ 23%  Weiss KG: "Boys will be boys" and other gendered accounts: an exploration of victims' excuses and justifications for unwanted sexual contact and coercion. Violence Against Women; 2009 Jul;15(7):810-34
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  • [Source] The source of this record is MEDLINE®, a database of the U.S. National Library of Medicine.
  • An examination of 944 victim narratives from the National Crime Victimization Survey (NCVS) finds that one in five women who reveal an incident of sexual victimization to the NCVS excuse or justify their situations, largely by drawing on social vocabularies that suggest male sexual aggression is natural, normal within dating relationships, or the victim's fault.
  • The study's findings substantiate the influence that rape myths and gender stereotypes have on victims' perceptions of their own unwanted sexual situations and demonstrate the ways in which cultural language delimits victims' recognition of sexual victimization as crime and inhibits reporting to the police.
  • [MeSH-major] Coercion. Crime Victims / psychology. Interpersonal Relations. Rape / psychology. Stereotyping

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  • (PMID = 19346446.001).
  • [ISSN] 1077-8012
  • [Journal-full-title] Violence against women
  • [ISO-abbreviation] Violence Against Women
  • [Language] eng
  • [Publication-type] Journal Article; Research Support, Non-U.S. Gov't
  • [Publication-country] United States
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49. ||........ 23%  Gökdoğan MR, Bafra J: Development of a sexual assault evidence collection kit - the need for standardization in Turkey. Nurse Educ Today; 2010 May;30(4):285-90
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  • [Source] The source of this record is MEDLINE®, a database of the U.S. National Library of Medicine.
  • It becomes even more critical, when realizing that less than half of all rapes, which are believed to occur, are reported to law enforcement, and of those few assailants who are arrested even fewer are convicted of rape.
  • Often, little or no knowledge of the correct methods of locating, recovering, packaging, and preserving evidence specimens are the causes for compromising the forensic examination in court.
  • Taking certain criteria into consideration the findings revealed a significant deficiency of knowledge regarding medical-legal examination.
  • [MeSH-major] Data Collection / instrumentation. Emergency Nursing. Forensic Nursing. Physical Examination / instrumentation. Rape / diagnosis. Specimen Handling / instrumentation

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  • [Copyright] Copyright 2009 Elsevier Ltd. All rights reserved.
  • (PMID = 19773096.001).
  • [ISSN] 1532-2793
  • [Journal-full-title] Nurse education today
  • [ISO-abbreviation] Nurse Educ Today
  • [Language] eng
  • [Publication-type] Journal Article; Research Support, Non-U.S. Gov't
  • [Publication-country] Scotland
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50. ||........ 23%  McLean I, Roberts SA, White C, Paul S: Female genital injuries resulting from consensual and non-consensual vaginal intercourse. Forensic Sci Int; 2011 Jan 30;204(1-3):27-33
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  • [Source] The source of this record is MEDLINE®, a database of the U.S. National Library of Medicine.
  • RESULTS: 22.8% (n=00, 95% CI 19.2-26.7) of adult complainants of penile-vaginal rape by a single assailant sustained an injury to the genitalia that was visible within 48h of the incident.
  • CONCLUSIONS: Most complainants of rape (n=500, 77%, 95% CI 73-81%) will not sustain any genital injury, although women are three times more likely to sustain a genital injury from an assault than consensual intercourse.
  • [MeSH-major] Coitus. Genitalia, Female / injuries. Rape
  • [MeSH-minor] Adolescent. Adult. Case-Control Studies. Cohort Studies. Contusions / pathology. Female. Gynecological Examination. Humans. Lacerations / pathology. Middle Aged. Retrospective Studies


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