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1. Biomedical articles (top 50; 2009 to 2014)
1. |||||..... 50%  Adeyemo B, Makovitch S, Foo D: A peculiar complication of suprapubic catheterization: recurrent ureteral obstruction and hydronephrosis. J Spinal Cord Med; 2013 Mar;36(2):166-9
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  • [Source] The source of this record is MEDLINE®, a database of the U.S. National Library of Medicine.
  • [Title] A peculiar complication of suprapubic catheterization: recurrent ureteral obstruction and hydronephrosis.
  • Some serious complications include bowel perforation and obstruction.
  • Computed tomography (CT) of the abdomen revealed severe right hydronephrosis and hydroureter due to obstruction of the right distal ureter by the SPC tip.
  • CT of the abdomen again revealed severe right hydronephrosis and hydroureter due to obstruction of the right distal ureter by the SPC tip.
  • Follow-up CT of the abdomen 2 months later showed complete resolution of the hydronephrosis and hydroureter.
  • CONCLUSION: This case illustrates that obstruction of the ureter by the tip of an SPC can be a cause of recurrent hydronephrosis and urosepsis.
  • [MeSH-major] Cystotomy / adverse effects. Hydronephrosis / etiology. Ureter / surgery. Ureteral Obstruction / etiology. Urinary Catheterization / adverse effects

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  • [Cites] J Spinal Cord Med. 2011;34(3):273-7 [21756565.001]
  • (PMID = 23809534.001).
  • [ISSN] 1079-0268
  • [Journal-full-title] The journal of spinal cord medicine
  • [ISO-abbreviation] J Spinal Cord Med
  • [Language] eng
  • [Publication-type] Case Reports; Journal Article
  • [Publication-country] England
  • [Other-IDs] NLM/ PMC3595967
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2. |||||..... 49%  Boşoteanu M, Boşoteanu C, Deacu M, Aşchie M, Bordei P: Etio-pathogenic and morphological correlations in congenital hydronephrosis. Rom J Morphol Embryol; 2011;52(1):129-36
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  • [Source] The source of this record is MEDLINE®, a database of the U.S. National Library of Medicine.
  • [Title] Etio-pathogenic and morphological correlations in congenital hydronephrosis.
  • Hydronephrosis, "distension in varying degrees of pelvis and calyces, accompanied by progressive atrophy of renal parenchyma due to obstruction in urinary flow", is an apparently simple reno-urinary disease, but, in reality, by association of its own characters with those conferred by causative lesions, becomes of a significant complexity.
  • The purpose of this paper is to demonstrate the plurivalent character of this entity on a batch of cases with congenital hydronephrosis, by identification of lesional features correlated with cause of disease.
  • The etiology of hydronephrosis in analyzed cases was characterized by heterogeneity: polar inferior artery, horseshoe kidney, extrarenal pelvis, transverse valves of pelviureteral junction (PUJ), adhesion of ureter to PUJ, intrinsic stenosis of PUJ, vesico-ureteral reflux, posterior urethral valves, stenosis of urethral meatus.
  • The way of intervention of urinary obstruction and the uni- or bilateral character of damage were definitory for the macroscopical appearance of the hydronephrotic kidney, renal pelvis demonstrating its role of expansion room for kidney protection.
  • In analyzed cases of congenital hydronephrosis, correlation specific cause-pelvic lesion evidenced histopathological differences related to etiology.
  • Regardless of etiology, all cases of congenital hydronephrosis were characterized by varying degrees of fibrosis in chorion of renal pelvis, accompanied by active chronic inflammation, observation that support the idea of connection between the two pathological changes.
  • [MeSH-major] Hydronephrosis / congenital. Hydronephrosis / pathology

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  • (PMID = 21424044.001).
  • [ISSN] 1220-0522
  • [Journal-full-title] Romanian journal of morphology and embryology = Revue roumaine de morphologie et embryologie
  • [ISO-abbreviation] Rom J Morphol Embryol
  • [Language] eng
  • [Publication-type] Case Reports; Journal Article
  • [Publication-country] Romania
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3. ||||...... 45%  Hassan R, Aziz AA, Mohamed SK: Retrocaval ureter: the importance of intravenous urography. Malays J Med Sci; 2011 Oct;18(4):84-7
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  • [Source] The source of this record is MEDLINE®, a database of the U.S. National Library of Medicine.
  • [Title] Retrocaval ureter: the importance of intravenous urography.
  • Retrocaval ureter is a rare cause of hydronephrosis.
  • Differentiation from other causes of urinary tract obstruction, especially the more common urolithiasis, is important for successful surgical management.
  • Current practice has seen multislice computed tomography (MSCT) rapidly replaces intravenous urography (IVU) in the assessment of patients with hydronephrosis due to suspected urolithiasis, especially ureterolithiasis.
  • However, MSCT, without adequate opacification of the entire ureter, may allow the physician to overlook a retrocaval ureter as the cause of hydronephrosis.
  • High-resolution IVU images can demonstrate the typical appearance that leads to the accurate diagnosis of a retrocaval ureter.

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  • (PMID = 22589677.001).
  • [ISSN] 2180-4303
  • [Journal-full-title] The Malaysian journal of medical sciences : MJMS
  • [ISO-abbreviation] Malays J Med Sci
  • [Language] eng
  • [Publication-type] Journal Article
  • [Publication-country] Malaysia
  • [Other-IDs] NLM/ PMC3328936
  • [Keywords] NOTNLM ; computed tomography / hydronephrosis / ureteral diseases / urography / urology
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4. ||||...... 44%  Lye CM, Fasano L, Woolf AS: Ureter myogenesis: putting Teashirt into context. J Am Soc Nephrol; 2010 Jan;21(1):24-30
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  • [Source] The source of this record is MEDLINE®, a database of the U.S. National Library of Medicine.
  • [Title] Ureter myogenesis: putting Teashirt into context.
  • After the basic shape of the mammalian ureter is established, its epithelia mature and a coat of smooth muscle cells differentiate around nascent urothelia.
  • The ureter actively propels tubular fluid from the renal pelvis to the bladder, and this peristalsis, which starts in the fetal period, requires coordinated smooth muscle contraction.
  • Teashirt-3 (Tshz3) is expressed in smooth muscle cell precursors that form the wall of the forming mammalian ureter.
  • Null mutation of Tshz3 in mice leads to failure of functional muscularization in the top of the ureter and this is followed by congenital hydronephrosis.
  • The phenotype of Tshz3 mutant mice resembles that of human congenital pelviureteric junction obstruction, and we suggest these individuals may have mutations of genes encoding molecules in the differentiation pathway mediated by Tshz3.
  • [MeSH-major] Muscle Development / physiology. Muscle, Smooth / physiology. Ureter / physiology
  • [MeSH-minor] Animals. Disease Models, Animal. Drosophila. Drosophila Proteins / physiology. Humans. Hydronephrosis / physiopathology. Mice. Mice, Knockout. Repressor Proteins / physiology. Transcription Factors / genetics. Transcription Factors / physiology. Ureteral Obstruction / physiopathology

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  • (PMID = 19926888.001).
  • [ISSN] 1533-3450
  • [Journal-full-title] Journal of the American Society of Nephrology : JASN
  • [ISO-abbreviation] J. Am. Soc. Nephrol.
  • [Language] eng
  • [Grant] United Kingdom / Biotechnology and Biological Sciences Research Council / /
  • [Publication-type] Journal Article; Research Support, Non-U.S. Gov't; Review
  • [Publication-country] United States
  • [Chemical-registry-number] 0 / Drosophila Proteins; 0 / Repressor Proteins; 0 / Teashirt 3 protein, mouse; 0 / Transcription Factors; 135315-85-4 / tsh protein, Drosophila
  • [Number-of-references] 94
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5. ||||...... 44%  Taranta-Janusz K, Wasilewska A, Dębek W, Waszkiewicz-Stojda M: Urinary cytokine profiles in unilateral congenital hydronephrosis. Pediatr Nephrol; 2012 Nov;27(11):2107-13
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  • [Source] The source of this record is MEDLINE®, a database of the U.S. National Library of Medicine.
  • [Title] Urinary cytokine profiles in unilateral congenital hydronephrosis.
  • BACKGROUND: We aimed to evaluate possible clinical application of urinary monocyte chemotactic protein-1 (MCP-1), osteopontin (OPN), and regulated upon activation, normal T-cell expressed and secreted (RANTES) chemokine as useful noninvasive markers in children with congenital hydronephrosis (HN) caused by ureteropelvic junction obstruction (UPJO).
  • CONCLUSIONS: Additional studies with larger number of patients are required to confirm a potential application of uMCP-1 as a promising parameter for early identification of kidney obstruction.
  • [MeSH-major] Cytokines / urine. Hydronephrosis / urine. Ureter / abnormalities. Ureteral Obstruction / urine

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  • (PMID = 22744767.001).
  • [ISSN] 1432-198X
  • [Journal-full-title] Pediatric nephrology (Berlin, Germany)
  • [ISO-abbreviation] Pediatr. Nephrol.
  • [Language] eng
  • [Publication-type] Journal Article
  • [Publication-country] Germany
  • [Chemical-registry-number] 0 / Biological Markers; 0 / CCL2 protein, human; 0 / CCL5 protein, human; 0 / Chemokine CCL2; 0 / Chemokine CCL5; 0 / Cytokines; 0 / SPP1 protein, human; 106441-73-0 / Osteopontin
  • [Other-IDs] NLM/ PMC3461208
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6. ||||...... 43%  Ding GQ, Xu LW, Li XD, Li GH, Yu YL, Yu DM, Zhang ZG: Pure transperitoneal laparoscopic correction of retrocaval ureter. Chin Med J (Engl); 2012 Jul;125(13):2382-5
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  • [Source] The source of this record is MEDLINE®, a database of the U.S. National Library of Medicine.
  • [Title] Pure transperitoneal laparoscopic correction of retrocaval ureter.
  • BACKGROUND: Retrocaval ureter is a rare congenital abnormality.
  • Operative repair is always suggested in cases of significant functional obstruction.
  • Laparoscopic procedures have been employed as the minimally invasive therapeutic option for retrocaval ureter.
  • However, the laparoscopic techniques for retrocaval ureter might be technically challenging to some surgeons.
  • The aim of this article was to present our experience and surgical techniques of pure transperitoneal laparoscopic pyelopyelostomy and ureteroureterostomy in nine patients with retrocaval ureter.
  • METHODS: A total of nine patients of retrocaval ureter underwent pure laparoscopic pyelopyelostomy or ureteroureterostomy.
  • The distal part of the dilated renal pelvis was transected at the ureteropelvic junction and the ureter was relocated anterior to the inferior vena cava.
  • The symptoms disappeared and hydronephrosis decreased substantially after surgery.
  • CONCLUSIONS: Pure transperitoneal laparoscopic correction for retrocaval ureter was associated with an excellent outcome, minimal invasiveness and short hospital stay.
  • It is technically feasible and reliable for retrocaval ureter treatment.
  • Laparoscopic surgery could be the standard treatment for retrocaval ureter.
  • [MeSH-major] Laparoscopy / methods. Ureter / surgery
  • [MeSH-minor] Adult. Humans. Male. Middle Aged. Treatment Outcome. Ureteral Obstruction / surgery. Young Adult

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  • (PMID = 22882866.001).
  • [ISSN] 0366-6999
  • [Journal-full-title] Chinese medical journal
  • [ISO-abbreviation] Chin. Med. J.
  • [Language] eng
  • [Publication-type] Journal Article
  • [Publication-country] China
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7. |||....... 32%  Cooper IF, Siadaty MS: 'Tissues' associated with 'No Hydronephrosis': Top Publications. BioMedLib Review; Tissue;NoHydronephrosis:705793939. ISSN: 2331-5717. 2014/4/28
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  • [Title] 'Tissues' associated with 'No Hydronephrosis': Top Publications.
  • Background: There are articles published each month which present 'tissue' for 'no hydronephrosis'.
  • Kinn AC et al: Effects of narcotic analgesics, especially pethidine and norpethidine, on renal pelvic smooth muscle in patients with hydronephrosis.
  • Pintér AB et al: The relationship of smooth muscle damage to age, severity of pre-operative hydronephrosis and post-operative outcome in obstructive uropathies.
  • dell'Agnola CA et al: Predictability of duration and severity of congenital hydronephrosis as a cause of smooth muscle deterioration in pyelo-ureteral junction obstruction.
  • dell'Agnola CA et al: Duration and severity of congenital hydronephrosis as a cause of smooth muscle deterioration in pyelo-ureteral junction obstruction.
  • ZANABONI A: [Modifications of smooth muscle structure of the ureter in hydronephrosis].
  • Zhao GG: [Observation of the ultrastructure of smooth-muscle cells in the narrow segment of the ureter in children with congenital hydronephrosis].
  • Yao Y et al: Left-right determination factor is down-regulated in fibrotic renal tissue of human hydronephrosis.
  • Jinguji Y et al: Two cases of systemic lupus erythematosus complicated by hydronephrosis and unique small structures observed in the glomerular basement membrane.
  • Josephson S: Experimental obstructive hydronephrosis in newborn rats. V. Long-term effects on renal tissue solute content.

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  • [Copyright] Copyright 2014 Siadaty and Cooper; licensee BioMedLib LLC.
  • (UID = 705793939.001).
  • [ISSN] 2331-5717
  • [Journal-full-title] BioMedLib Review
  • [Language] eng
  • [Publication-type] Review
  • [Publication-country] UNITED STATES
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8. ||||||.... 63%  Kitchens DM, Herndon CD: Antenatal hydronephrosis. Curr Urol Rep; 2009 Mar;10(2):126-33
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  • [Source] The source of this record is MEDLINE®, a database of the U.S. National Library of Medicine.
  • [Title] Antenatal hydronephrosis.
  • The diagnosis, workup, and management of prenatal hydronephrosis have undergone a swing from preemptive surgical treatment to a more conservative approach as the natural history of the differential diagnoses becomes more appreciated.
  • We examine different radiologic tests for determining the diagnoses associated with antenatal hydronephrosis.
  • A review of the more common differential diagnoses of prenatal hydronephrosis and current treatment options for ureteropelvic junction obstruction, vesicoureteral reflux, ureteroceles, ectopic ureters, and megaureters is undertaken.
  • [MeSH-major] Fetal Diseases / diagnosis. Fetal Diseases / therapy. Hydronephrosis / diagnosis. Hydronephrosis / therapy
  • [MeSH-minor] Diagnosis, Differential. Humans. Magnetic Resonance Imaging. Ultrasonography, Prenatal. Ureter / abnormalities. Ureteral Obstruction / therapy. Vesico-Ureteral Reflux / diagnosis. Vesico-Ureteral Reflux / therapy

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  • (PMID = 19239817.001).
  • [ISSN] 1534-6285
  • [Journal-full-title] Current urology reports
  • [ISO-abbreviation] Curr Urol Rep
  • [Language] eng
  • [Publication-type] Journal Article; Review
  • [Publication-country] United States
  • [Number-of-references] 42
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9. |||||..... 52%  Acharya SK, Jindal B, Yadav DK, Singha S, Bagga D: Retrocaval ureter: a rare cause of hydronephrosis in children. J Pediatr Surg; 2009 Apr;44(4):846-8
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  • [Source] The source of this record is MEDLINE®, a database of the U.S. National Library of Medicine.
  • [Title] Retrocaval ureter: a rare cause of hydronephrosis in children.
  • Retrocaval ureter is a relatively rare developmental anomaly of the inferior vena cava.
  • Individuals with this anomaly are symptomatic because of ureteric obstruction.
  • All symptomatic patients need surgery where the ureter is divided and anastomosed anterior to inferior vena cava.
  • We report our experience of a child who presented with flank pain and, on evaluation, were found to have right hydronephrosis.
  • [MeSH-major] Hydronephrosis / etiology. Ureter / abnormalities. Ureteral Obstruction / etiology. Urogenital Abnormalities / complications. Urologic Surgical Procedures / methods. Vena Cava, Inferior / abnormalities

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  • (PMID = 19361652.001).
  • [ISSN] 1531-5037
  • [Journal-full-title] Journal of pediatric surgery
  • [ISO-abbreviation] J. Pediatr. Surg.
  • [Language] eng
  • [Publication-type] Case Reports; Journal Article
  • [Publication-country] United States
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10. |||||..... 52%  Murtaza B, Akmal M, Niaz WA, Ahmad H, Mahmood A: Inverted papilloma of ureter: a rare cause of hydronephrosis. J Coll Physicians Surg Pak; 2012 Aug;22(8):542-4
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  • [Source] The source of this record is MEDLINE®, a database of the U.S. National Library of Medicine.
  • [Title] Inverted papilloma of ureter: a rare cause of hydronephrosis.
  • A case of hydronephrosis with a rare underlying cause in a 35 years old male is described.
  • CT Scan showed left hydronephroureter with narrowing at the lower end of left ureter.
  • Ureterorenoscopy (URS) confirmed polypoidal lesions in the left lower ureter, completely obliterating the lumen and involving the whole circumferential wall of the lower ureter.
  • Excision of the lower third of left ureter with ureteric reimplantation was done with a Boari flap.
  • The histopathology report of the lower third of ureter confirmed inverted papilloma of ureter.
  • [MeSH-major] Hydronephrosis / diagnosis. Papilloma, Inverted / pathology. Ureter / surgery. Ureteral Neoplasms / pathology. Ureteral Obstruction / etiology

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  • (PMID = 22868027.001).
  • [ISSN] 1681-7168
  • [Journal-full-title] Journal of the College of Physicians and Surgeons--Pakistan : JCPSP
  • [ISO-abbreviation] J Coll Physicians Surg Pak
  • [Language] eng
  • [Publication-type] Case Reports; Journal Article
  • [Publication-country] Pakistan
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11. |||||..... 49%  Landsmann S, Todorov J, v Streitberg U, Seitz G, Weingärtner K: [Plasmocytoma of the ureter--a rare cause of hydronephrosis: case report and review of the literature]. Aktuelle Urol; 2009 May;40(3):175-8
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  • [Source] The source of this record is MEDLINE®, a database of the U.S. National Library of Medicine.
  • [Title] [Plasmocytoma of the ureter--a rare cause of hydronephrosis: case report and review of the literature].
  • Ultrasonography demonstrated marked hydronephrosis and retrograde pyelography disclosed a short and filiform stenosis of the ureter.
  • Surgical exploration revealed an infiltration of the distal ureter by the known plasmocytoma.
  • The affected ureter segment could be removed completely and ureterocystoneostomy was performed successfully.
  • CONCLUSIONS: To the best of our knowledge, we present the first case of an isolated plasmocytoma of the ureter.
  • [MeSH-major] Hydronephrosis / diagnosis. Multiple Myeloma / diagnosis. Plasmacytoma / diagnosis. Ureteral Neoplasms / diagnosis. Ureteral Obstruction / diagnosis
  • [MeSH-minor] Aged, 80 and over. Diagnosis, Differential. Female. Humans. Neoplasm Staging. Tomography, X-Ray Computed. Ultrasonography. Ureter / pathology. Ureter / surgery. Urography

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  • (PMID = 19370534.001).
  • [ISSN] 1438-8820
  • [Journal-full-title] Aktuelle Urologie
  • [ISO-abbreviation] Aktuelle Urol
  • [Language] ger
  • [Publication-type] Case Reports; English Abstract; Journal Article; Review
  • [Publication-country] Germany
  • [Number-of-references] 7
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12. |||||..... 47%  Rosman BM, Passerotti CC, Kohn D, Recabal P, Retik AB, Nguyen HT: Hydronephrosis following ureteral reimplantation: when is it concerning? J Pediatr Urol; 2012 Oct;8(5):481-7
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  • [Source] The source of this record is MEDLINE®, a database of the U.S. National Library of Medicine.
  • [Title] Hydronephrosis following ureteral reimplantation: when is it concerning?
  • OBJECTIVES: Hydronephrosis without obstruction is common prior to ureteral reimplant, especially in patients with high-grade VUR.
  • Consequently, when hydronephrosis is present post-operatively, it is unclear when it should be concerning.
  • We evaluated the finding of hydronephrosis in children undergoing reimplantation and its evolution following surgery.
  • RESULTS: Hydronephrosis was observed in 24% pre-operatively and 21% post-operatively.
  • 52% with pre-operative hydronephrosis had it post-operatively, while 12% without pre-operative hydronephrosis had it post-operatively.
  • 71% of post-operative hydronephrosis resolved on average in 1.36 years.
  • 19% didn't resolve and 0.1% had ureteral obstruction.
  • Risk factors for post-operative hydronephrosis included increasing severity of VUR, and high degree of pre-operative hydronephrosis.
  • CONCLUSION: Hydronephrosis following ureteral reimplantation is not rare, and correlated to pre-operative evaluations.
  • Post-operative hydronephrosis is frequently transient and benign, and usually resolves within the first 2 years.
  • Patients with high-grade VUR and hydronephrosis pre-operatively, however, are at risk for developing worsened hydronephrosis and should be followed with a 3-month post-operative ultrasound.
  • [MeSH-major] Hydronephrosis / etiology. Replantation / adverse effects. Ureter / surgery. Ureteral Obstruction / surgery. Urologic Surgical Procedures / methods

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  • [Copyright] Copyright © 2011 Journal of Pediatric Urology Company. Published by Elsevier Ltd. All rights reserved.
  • (PMID = 22119411.001).
  • [ISSN] 1873-4898
  • [Journal-full-title] Journal of pediatric urology
  • [ISO-abbreviation] J Pediatr Urol
  • [Language] eng
  • [Publication-type] Comparative Study; Journal Article; Research Support, Non-U.S. Gov't
  • [Publication-country] England
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13. |||||..... 47%  Baek M, Park K, Choi H: Long-term outcomes of dismembered pyeloplasty for midline-crossing giant hydronephrosis caused by ureteropelvic junction obstruction in children. Urology; 2010 Dec;76(6):1463-7
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  • [Source] The source of this record is MEDLINE®, a database of the U.S. National Library of Medicine.
  • [Title] Long-term outcomes of dismembered pyeloplasty for midline-crossing giant hydronephrosis caused by ureteropelvic junction obstruction in children.
  • OBJECTIVES: To assess the long-term surgical outcomes of dismembered pyeloplasty for congenital midline-crossing giant hydronephrosis (GH) caused by ureteropelvic junction obstruction (UPJO).
  • In children with GH caused by UPJO, early relief of obstruction allows comparable nephron sparing.
  • [MeSH-major] Hydronephrosis / surgery. Kidney Pelvis / surgery. Reconstructive Surgical Procedures / methods. Ureteral Obstruction / complications. Urologic Surgical Procedures / methods
  • [MeSH-minor] Child. Child, Preschool. Creatinine / blood. Female. Follow-Up Studies. Humans. Infant. Infant, Newborn. Kidney / pathology. Kidney / radionuclide imaging. Kidney Function Tests. Male. Nephrostomy, Percutaneous. Retrospective Studies. Treatment Outcome. Ureter / abnormalities. Ureter / pathology. Ureter / surgery

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  • [Copyright] Copyright © 2010 Elsevier Inc. All rights reserved.
  • (PMID = 20800889.001).
  • [ISSN] 1527-9995
  • [Journal-full-title] Urology
  • [ISO-abbreviation] Urology
  • [Language] eng
  • [Publication-type] Evaluation Studies; Journal Article; Research Support, Non-U.S. Gov't
  • [Publication-country] United States
  • [Chemical-registry-number] AYI8EX34EU / Creatinine
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14. |||||..... 45%  Karnak I, Woo LL, Shah SN, Sirajuddin A, Ross JH: Results of a practical protocol for management of prenatally detected hydronephrosis due to ureteropelvic junction obstruction. Pediatr Surg Int; 2009 Jan;25(1):61-7
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  • [Source] The source of this record is MEDLINE®, a database of the U.S. National Library of Medicine.
  • [Title] Results of a practical protocol for management of prenatally detected hydronephrosis due to ureteropelvic junction obstruction.
  • INTRODUCTION: Several algorithms exist for the management of prenatally diagnosed hydronephrosis due to ureteropelvic junction obstruction (UPJO).
  • RFS was reserved for those with worsening hydronephrosis or that which failed to improve on US by 1 year.
  • Gender, side of UPJO, degree of hydronephrosis, mode of management, and current status of the patients were noted.
  • Obstruction was bilateral in 55 (39%) patients.
  • Initial US grade of hydronephrosis was Grade 1 in 56 RU (28%), Grade 2 in 51 RU (26%), Grade 3 in 50 RU (25%) and Grade 4 in 41 RU (21%).
  • Spontaneous resolution of hydronephrosis was observed in 87 RU (49%), while 10 RU (5.6%) eventually required surgery for worsening appearance or function on US or RFS, respectively (n=8), symptom development (n=3), and/or parental preference due to persistently prolonged T1/2 (n=4).
  • Seventy-two RU (40.4%) remain under surveillance with improvement (47.2%) or stable hydronephrosis (47.2%) in 94.4%.
  • Spontaneous resolution of hydronephrosis and/or favorable prognosis was encountered in 87% of conservatively managed RU.
  • [MeSH-major] Algorithms. Hydronephrosis / diagnosis. Hydronephrosis / therapy. Prenatal Diagnosis. Ureteral Obstruction / complications
  • [MeSH-minor] Clinical Protocols. Female. Humans. Infant. Infant, Newborn. Kidney Pelvis / blood supply. Kidney Pelvis / radionuclide imaging. Kidney Pelvis / surgery. Kidney Pelvis / ultrasonography. Male. Pregnancy. Renal Circulation. Retrospective Studies. Ureter / radiography. Urinary Bladder / radiography

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  • (PMID = 19043723.001).
  • [ISSN] 0179-0358
  • [Journal-full-title] Pediatric surgery international
  • [ISO-abbreviation] Pediatr. Surg. Int.
  • [Language] eng
  • [Publication-type] Journal Article
  • [Publication-country] Germany
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15. ||||...... 45%  Ji YH, Cheon SH, Lee H, Moon KH, Choi HJ, Kim YM, Park S, Park S: Giant ureteral polyps causing proximal ureter obstruction: emphasis on the surgical method and ureteroscopy. J Pediatr Surg; 2011 Nov;46(11):e11-5
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  • [Source] The source of this record is MEDLINE®, a database of the U.S. National Library of Medicine.
  • [Title] Giant ureteral polyps causing proximal ureter obstruction: emphasis on the surgical method and ureteroscopy.
  • An intravenous pyelogram showed filling defects in the right upper part of the ureter as well as hydronephrosis.
  • Because the diseased part of the ureter was about 5 cm in length and we wished to avoid short ureter after surgery, we performed a minimal segmental resection of the ureter including the entire stalk.
  • [MeSH-major] Polyps / surgery. Ureteral Neoplasms / surgery. Ureteral Obstruction / etiology. Ureteroscopy
  • [MeSH-minor] Adolescent. Anastomosis, Surgical. Carcinoma, Transitional Cell / diagnosis. Diagnosis, Differential. Flank Pain / etiology. Humans. Hydronephrosis / etiology. Male. Ureter / surgery

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  • [Copyright] Copyright © 2011 Elsevier Inc. All rights reserved.
  • (PMID = 22075365.001).
  • [ISSN] 1531-5037
  • [Journal-full-title] Journal of pediatric surgery
  • [ISO-abbreviation] J. Pediatr. Surg.
  • [Language] eng
  • [Publication-type] Case Reports; Journal Article
  • [Publication-country] United States
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16. ||||...... 44%  Holmström SW, Barrow BP: Postpartum ovarian vein thrombosis causing severe hydronephrosis. Obstet Gynecol; 2010 Feb;115(2 Pt 2):452-4
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  • [Source] The source of this record is MEDLINE®, a database of the U.S. National Library of Medicine.
  • [Title] Postpartum ovarian vein thrombosis causing severe hydronephrosis.
  • A computed tomographic scan demonstrated severe right hydronephrosis and right pyelocalyceal rupture and was suggestive of a right ovarian vein thrombosis.
  • Four weeks after nephrostomy tube placement, she underwent right antegrade nephrostography, and free flow of contrast from her distal ureter to her bladder was seen without evidence of obstruction.
  • [MeSH-major] Hydronephrosis / etiology. Ovary / blood supply. Puerperal Disorders / radiography. Venous Thrombosis / complications


17. ||||...... 43%  Baskara A, Ahmed R, Domingo O, Ahmadinejad A, Raezer D: Surgical management of inferior vena cava strut penetration causing hydronephrosis: case report. Vasc Endovascular Surg; 2010 Aug;44(6):491-3
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  • [Source] The source of this record is MEDLINE®, a database of the U.S. National Library of Medicine.
  • [Title] Surgical management of inferior vena cava strut penetration causing hydronephrosis: case report.
  • We present a case of penetration of inferior vena cava (IVC) by primary struts of Cook Celect filter and impingement on right ureter, causing symptomatic hydronephrosis and hydroureter, which was managed surgically by ureterolysis, mobilization of the ureter by retroperitoneal approach, excision of the filter strut, and omental wrap around the ureter.
  • [MeSH-major] Hydronephrosis / surgery. Pulmonary Embolism / prevention & control. Ureter / surgery. Ureteral Obstruction / surgery. Urologic Surgical Procedures. Vena Cava Filters / adverse effects. Vena Cava, Inferior / surgery. Wounds, Penetrating / surgery

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  • (PMID = 20843969.001).
  • [ISSN] 1938-9116
  • [Journal-full-title] Vascular and endovascular surgery
  • [ISO-abbreviation] Vasc Endovascular Surg
  • [Language] eng
  • [Publication-type] Case Reports; Journal Article
  • [Publication-country] United States
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18. ||||...... 42%  Khattar N, Dorairajan LN, Kumar S, Pal BC, Elangovan S, Nayak P: Giant obstructive megaureter causing contralateral ureteral obstruction and hydronephrosis: a first-time report. Urology; 2009 Dec;74(6):1306-8
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  • [Source] The source of this record is MEDLINE®, a database of the U.S. National Library of Medicine.
  • [Title] Giant obstructive megaureter causing contralateral ureteral obstruction and hydronephrosis: a first-time report.
  • We report for the first time a "giant megaureter" causing symptomatic compression of the contralateral ureter in a 15-year-old girl.
  • Extrinsic compression of the ureter by a contralateral giant hydronephrotic kidney, although rare, has been reported most commonly because of congenital pelviureteric junction obstruction.
  • [MeSH-major] Hydronephrosis / etiology. Ureter / pathology. Ureteral Obstruction / etiology

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  • (PMID = 19683802.001).
  • [ISSN] 1527-9995
  • [Journal-full-title] Urology
  • [ISO-abbreviation] Urology
  • [Language] eng
  • [Publication-type] Case Reports; Journal Article
  • [Publication-country] United States
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19. ||||...... 42%  Singh RR, Govindarajan KK, Chandran H: Laparoscopic vascular relocation: alternative treatment for renovascular hydronephrosis in children. Pediatr Surg Int; 2010 Jul;26(7):717-20
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  • [Source] The source of this record is MEDLINE®, a database of the U.S. National Library of Medicine.
  • [Title] Laparoscopic vascular relocation: alternative treatment for renovascular hydronephrosis in children.
  • AIMS: The standard treatment for pelviureteric junction obstruction (PUJO) has been dismembered pyeloplasty.
  • On ultrasound, MAG3 and retrograde studies they had hydronephrosis, obstructed drainage and a normal calibre ureter with a sharp cut-off.
  • Ultrasound done at 6 months showed decreased hydronephrosis.
  • [MeSH-major] Hydronephrosis / surgery. Kidney Pelvis / blood supply. Laparoscopy / methods. Urologic Surgical Procedures / methods
  • [MeSH-minor] Adolescent. Child. Female. Follow-Up Studies. Humans. Male. Retrospective Studies. Ureteral Obstruction / surgery. Vascular Surgical Procedures / methods

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  • (PMID = 20512343.001).
  • [ISSN] 1437-9813
  • [Journal-full-title] Pediatric surgery international
  • [ISO-abbreviation] Pediatr. Surg. Int.
  • [Language] eng
  • [Publication-type] Journal Article
  • [Publication-country] Germany
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20. ||||...... 42%  López González PA, López Cubillana P, Server Pastor G, Girón Vallejo O, Ruíz Pruneda R, Doñate Iñiguez G, Ruíz Morcillo JC, Moreno Alarcón C, Nortes Cano L, Gómez Gómez G: Retrocaval ureter in children. Case report and bibliographic review. Arch Esp Urol; 2011 Jun;64(5):461-4
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  • [Source] The source of this record is MEDLINE®, a database of the U.S. National Library of Medicine.
  • [Title] Retrocaval ureter in children. Case report and bibliographic review.
  • OBJECTIVE: Retrocaval ureter is a rare disease which is due to a abnormal development of the inferior cava vein.
  • It usually presents with ureteral obstruction, and surgery is needed for symptomatic cases.
  • METHOD: We present a case of retrocaval ureter and a revision of the literature.
  • The intravenous urography (IVU) suggested the diagnosis of retrocaval right ureter, which is confirmed by magnetic resonance imaging (MR).
  • Make us resection of the retrocaval segment and relocation of the ureter anterior to the inferior vena cava.
  • Follow-up IVU showed good resolution of hydronephrosis.
  • CONCLUSIONS: Retrocaval ureter is a rare disease, with easy diagnostic and effective treatment.
  • [MeSH-major] Ureter / abnormalities. Ureteral Obstruction / etiology
  • [MeSH-minor] Child. Hematuria / etiology. Humans. Hydronephrosis / etiology. Hydronephrosis / surgery. Hypospadias / complications. Hypospadias / surgery. Magnetic Resonance Imaging. Male. Urography. Urologic Surgical Procedures. Vena Cava, Inferior / surgery

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  • (PMID = 21705818.001).
  • [ISSN] 1576-8260
  • [Journal-full-title] Archivos españoles de urología
  • [ISO-abbreviation] Arch. Esp. Urol.
  • [Language] eng; spa
  • [Publication-type] Case Reports; Journal Article; Review
  • [Publication-country] Spain
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21. ||||...... 41%  Yang CT, Huang KH, Chang CC, Liu KL: An unusual complication of hydronephrosis due to acute pancreatitis after endoscopic retrograde cholangiopancreatography. Urology; 2011 Feb;77(2):337-8
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  • [Source] The source of this record is MEDLINE®, a database of the U.S. National Library of Medicine.
  • [Title] An unusual complication of hydronephrosis due to acute pancreatitis after endoscopic retrograde cholangiopancreatography.
  • Intravenous urography confirmed right hydronephrosis due to ureteropelvic junction obstruction.
  • Ureteroscopy revealed stricture at the right upper ureter, and a double-J stent was placed.
  • [MeSH-major] Cholangiopancreatography, Endoscopic Retrograde / adverse effects. Hydronephrosis / complications. Pancreatitis / etiology

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  • [Copyright] Copyright © 2011 Elsevier Inc. All rights reserved.
  • (PMID = 20494410.001).
  • [ISSN] 1527-9995
  • [Journal-full-title] Urology
  • [ISO-abbreviation] Urology
  • [Language] eng
  • [Publication-type] Case Reports; Journal Article
  • [Publication-country] United States
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22. ||||...... 41%  Kim CJ, Takimoto K, Tomita K, Osafune T, Nishikawa N, Johnin K, Okada Y: Evaluation of hydronephrosis with tubeless cutaneous ureterostomy using Tc-99m MAG3 diuretic renography. Clin Nucl Med; 2009 Oct;34(10):666-9
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  • [Source] The source of this record is MEDLINE®, a database of the U.S. National Library of Medicine.
  • [Title] Evaluation of hydronephrosis with tubeless cutaneous ureterostomy using Tc-99m MAG3 diuretic renography.
  • PURPOSE: To assess hydronephrosis of tubeless cutaneous ureterostomy using Tc-99m mercaptoacetyltriglycine (MAG3) diuretic renogram.
  • Stomal obstruction was evaluated with Tc-99m MAG3 diuretic renography 3 months after the surgery.
  • RESULTS: T1/2 means were 7.27 +/- 7.11, 5.69 +/- 4.63, and 8.96 +/- 8.37 minutes for total, ipsilateral, and contralateral kidneys, respectively, in side relationships between ureter and stoma.
  • Six months after the surgery, of 26 renal units (96.3%) that had achieved a tubeless condition, and 25 renal units (92.6%) had no hydronephrosis.
  • Mild hydronephrosis without the need for intervention was present in 1 renal unit (T1/2, 31.70 minutes).
  • Catheterization was performed in one renal unit (T1/2, 21.04 minutes) due to acute pyelonephritis and persistence of grade 2 hydronephrosis 5 months after the surgery.
  • [MeSH-major] Dermatologic Surgical Procedures. Diuretics / diagnostic use. Hydronephrosis / radionuclide imaging. Radioisotope Renography / methods. Technetium Tc 99m Mertiatide / diagnostic use. Ureterostomy / methods

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  • (PMID = 19893397.001).
  • [ISSN] 1536-0229
  • [Journal-full-title] Clinical nuclear medicine
  • [ISO-abbreviation] Clin Nucl Med
  • [Language] eng
  • [Publication-type] Journal Article
  • [Publication-country] United States
  • [Chemical-registry-number] 0 / Diuretics; 36ITO9SKQJ / Technetium Tc 99m Mertiatide; 7LXU5N7ZO5 / Furosemide
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23. ||||...... 41%  Grattan-Smith JD, Jones RA, Little S, Kirsch AJ: Bilateral congenital midureteric strictures associated with multicystic dysplastic kidney and hydronephrosis: evaluation with MR urography. Pediatr Radiol; 2011 Jan;41(1):117-20
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  • [Source] The source of this record is MEDLINE®, a database of the U.S. National Library of Medicine.
  • [Title] Bilateral congenital midureteric strictures associated with multicystic dysplastic kidney and hydronephrosis: evaluation with MR urography.
  • The severity of obstruction differed in the two ureters, resulting in a multicystic dysplastic kidney (MCDK) with an atretic ureter on one side and hydronephrosis that worsened over time due to progressive stenosis on the other.
  • Although midureteric strictures are usually misdiagnosed as ureteropelvic junction (UPJ) or ureterovesical junction (UVJ) obstruction on conventional imaging, MR urography was able to clearly demonstrate both the anatomical and functional abnormalities.
  • [MeSH-major] Hydronephrosis / complications. Magnetic Resonance Spectroscopy. Multicystic Dysplastic Kidney / complications. Ureteral Obstruction / complications. Ureteral Obstruction / congenital. Urography

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  • (PMID = 20714713.001).
  • [ISSN] 1432-1998
  • [Journal-full-title] Pediatric radiology
  • [ISO-abbreviation] Pediatr Radiol
  • [Language] eng
  • [Publication-type] Case Reports; Journal Article
  • [Publication-country] Germany
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24. ||||...... 40%  Klein T, Holz A, Neid M, Hinkel A, Noldus J: The first description of an extramedullary plasmacytoma of the ureter. Urol Int; 2010;84(1):122-4
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  • [Source] The source of this record is MEDLINE®, a database of the U.S. National Library of Medicine.
  • [Title] The first description of an extramedullary plasmacytoma of the ureter.
  • Causes for acquired unilateral obstruction of the ureter are numerous: calculi, infections, blood clots and tumors are the most common underlying pathologies.
  • Herein, we describe the first manifestation of a primary solitary extramedullary plasmacytoma of the ureter.
  • The tumor was discovered upon diagnostic workup of gross hematuria and asymptomatic hydronephrosis.
  • [MeSH-major] Hematologic Neoplasms / diagnosis. Plasmacytoma / diagnosis. Ureter / pathology. Ureteral Neoplasms / diagnosis. Urology / methods

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  • [Copyright] Copyright 2010 S. Karger AG, Basel.
  • (PMID = 20173384.001).
  • [ISSN] 1423-0399
  • [Journal-full-title] Urologia internationalis
  • [ISO-abbreviation] Urol. Int.
  • [Language] eng
  • [Publication-type] Case Reports; Journal Article
  • [Publication-country] Switzerland
  • [Chemical-registry-number] EC 3.2.2.5 / Antigens, CD38
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25. ||||...... 40%  Chang IY, Kim JN, Jun JY, You HJ, Jeon YJ, Park KS, Yoon SP: Repression of apurinic/apyrimidinic endonuclease by p53-dependent apoptosis in hydronephrosis-induced rat kidney. Free Radic Res; 2011 Jun;45(6):728-34
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  • [Source] The source of this record is MEDLINE®, a database of the U.S. National Library of Medicine.
  • [Title] Repression of apurinic/apyrimidinic endonuclease by p53-dependent apoptosis in hydronephrosis-induced rat kidney.
  • This study investigated whether p53-dependent apoptosis is correlated with APE using an experimental rat model of hydronephrosis.
  • Hydronephrosis was induced by partial ligation of the right ureter.
  • Animals were sacrificed on scheduled time after unilateral ureteral obstruction and the expression of 8-OHdG, γ-H2AX, apoptotic proteins and APE was determined.
  • The accumulated p53 activated Bax and caspase-3 7 days after hydronephrosis induction and the resulting high levels of p53-dependent apoptotic proteins and γ-H2AX tended to decrease APE.
  • The intensities of 8-OHdG and caspase-3 immunolocalization significantly increased in obstructed kidneys than in sham-operated kidneys, although APE immunoreactivity increased after hydronephrosis induction.
  • [MeSH-major] DNA-(Apurinic or Apyrimidinic Site) Lyase / biosynthesis. Hydronephrosis / pathology. Kidney / pathology. Tumor Suppressor Protein p53 / metabolism

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  • (PMID = 21473738.001).
  • [ISSN] 1029-2470
  • [Journal-full-title] Free radical research
  • [ISO-abbreviation] Free Radic. Res.
  • [Language] eng
  • [Publication-type] Journal Article; Research Support, Non-U.S. Gov't
  • [Publication-country] England
  • [Chemical-registry-number] 0 / Apoptosis Regulatory Proteins; 0 / Tumor Suppressor Protein p53; 88847-89-6 / 8-oxo-7-hydrodeoxyguanosine; EC 3.4.22.- / Caspase 3; EC 4.2.99.18 / DNA-(Apurinic or Apyrimidinic Site) Lyase; G9481N71RO / Deoxyguanosine
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26. ||||...... 39%  Autorino R, Khanna R, White MA, Haber GP, Shah G, Kaouk JH, Stein RJ: Laparoendoscopic single-site repair of retrocaval ureter: first case report. Urology; 2010 Dec;76(6):1501-5
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  • [Source] The source of this record is MEDLINE®, a database of the U.S. National Library of Medicine.
  • [Title] Laparoendoscopic single-site repair of retrocaval ureter: first case report.
  • OBJECTIVE: We describe a case of retrocaval ureter treated with laparoendoscopic single-site surgery (LESS).
  • Radiological imaging demonstrated hydronephrosis, suggesting the presence of a retrocaval ureter.
  • RESULTS: Retrograde pyelogram confirmed a classic appearance for retrocaval ureter.
  • The entire ureter was mobilized posterior to the vena cava and transected at the caudal-most point where the dilated portion of the proximal ureter ended.
  • The distal ureter was repositioned lateral to the inferior vena cava and spatulated laterally.
  • The proximal ureter was spatulated medially.
  • At the 3-month follow-up, diuretic radionuclide scan revealed no evidence of obstruction of the right kidney and the patient was symptom-free.
  • CONCLUSIONS: Albeit challenging, LESS repair for retrocaval ureter is a feasible procedure that can be considered as a treatment option for this rare anatomic anomaly.
  • [MeSH-major] Endoscopy / methods. Hydronephrosis / surgery. Laparoscopy / methods. Ureter / abnormalities. Ureter / surgery

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  • [Copyright] Copyright © 2010 Elsevier Inc. All rights reserved.
  • (PMID = 20381132.001).
  • [ISSN] 1527-9995
  • [Journal-full-title] Urology
  • [ISO-abbreviation] Urology
  • [Language] eng
  • [Publication-type] Case Reports; Journal Article
  • [Publication-country] United States
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27. ||||...... 39%  Li HZ, Ma X, Qi L, Shi TP, Wang BJ, Zhang X: Retroperitoneal laparoscopic ureteroureterostomy for retrocaval ureter: report of 10 cases and literature review. Urology; 2010 Oct;76(4):873-6
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  • [Source] The source of this record is MEDLINE®, a database of the U.S. National Library of Medicine.
  • [Title] Retroperitoneal laparoscopic ureteroureterostomy for retrocaval ureter: report of 10 cases and literature review.
  • OBJECTIVES: To present our surgical techniques and experience with retroperitoneal laparoscopic ureteroureterostomy in 10 patients with retrocaval ureter and review the data on the laparoscopic management of retrocaval ureter published in English.
  • METHODS: A total of 10 patients with retrocaval ureter underwent laparoscopic ureteroureterostomy.
  • The retrocaval segment of ureter was mobilized and transposed anterior to the inferior vena cava.
  • At a mean follow-up of 52 months, remarkable improvement in the ureteral obstruction was observed.
  • CONCLUSIONS: Our results indicate that retroperitoneal laparoscopic ureteroureterostomy is a safe and effective procedure, and an excellent minimally invasive treatment option for retrocaval ureter.
  • Moreover, a thorough review of published data supports our viewpoint that laparoscopic surgery should probably be the first-line treatment for retrocaval ureter.
  • [MeSH-major] Laparoscopy / methods. Ureter / abnormalities. Ureter / surgery. Ureteral Obstruction / surgery
  • [MeSH-minor] Adult. Anastomosis, Surgical / methods. Child. Female. Humans. Hydronephrosis / etiology. Hydronephrosis / surgery. Hydronephrosis / ultrasonography. Kidney / ultrasonography. Male. Middle Aged. Stents. Suture Techniques. Vena Cava, Inferior / abnormalities

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  • [Copyright] Copyright © 2010 Elsevier Inc. All rights reserved.
  • (PMID = 20381833.001).
  • [ISSN] 1527-9995
  • [Journal-full-title] Urology
  • [ISO-abbreviation] Urology
  • [Language] eng
  • [Publication-type] Journal Article; Research Support, Non-U.S. Gov't; Review
  • [Publication-country] United States
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28. ||||...... 39%  Kazarians B, Cordes J, Jocham D, Doehn C: [Ureteropelvic junction obstruction with renal hypertension]. Aktuelle Urol; 2011 May;42(3):190-2
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  • [Source] The source of this record is MEDLINE®, a database of the U.S. National Library of Medicine.
  • [Title] [Ureteropelvic junction obstruction with renal hypertension].
  • Renal hypertension can occur with unilateral ureteropelvic junction obstruction and consecutive hydronephrosis.
  • We report a case of renal hypertension with ureteropelvic junction obstruction successfully corrected by laparoscopic pyeloplasty and discuss the pathophysiology.
  • [MeSH-major] Hydronephrosis / diagnosis. Hypertension, Renal / diagnosis. Ureteral Obstruction / diagnosis
  • [MeSH-minor] Aged. Chronic Disease. Creatinine / blood. Flank Pain / etiology. Humans. Laparoscopy. Male. Nephrostomy, Percutaneous. Ureter / surgery. Ureteroscopy. Urography

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  • [Copyright] Georg Thieme Verlag KG Stuttgart New York.
  • (PMID = 21437865.001).
  • [ISSN] 1438-8820
  • [Journal-full-title] Aktuelle Urologie
  • [ISO-abbreviation] Aktuelle Urol
  • [Language] ger
  • [Publication-type] Case Reports; English Abstract; Journal Article
  • [Publication-country] Germany
  • [Chemical-registry-number] AYI8EX34EU / Creatinine
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29. ||||...... 39%  Kohlmann HW, Respondek M: [Lympho-venous shunts and thromboids in urinary obstruction]. Pathologe; 2012 Mar;33(2):152-6
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  • [Source] The source of this record is MEDLINE®, a database of the U.S. National Library of Medicine.
  • [Title] [Lympho-venous shunts and thromboids in urinary obstruction].
  • This case of urinary obstruction with short anamnesis illuminates the early tissue reaction to urine extravasation, especially the Tamm-Horsfall protein.
  • [MeSH-major] Hydronephrosis / pathology. Hydronephrosis / surgery. Kidney / blood supply. Lymphatic Vessels / pathology. Renal Veins / pathology. Ureteral Obstruction / pathology. Ureteral Obstruction / surgery. Uromodulin / analysis
  • [MeSH-minor] Adolescent. Drainage / methods. Humans. Male. Nephrectomy. Ureter / pathology

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  • (PMID = 22124726.001).
  • [ISSN] 1432-1963
  • [Journal-full-title] Der Pathologe
  • [ISO-abbreviation] Pathologe
  • [Language] ger
  • [Publication-type] Case Reports; English Abstract; Journal Article
  • [Publication-country] Germany
  • [Chemical-registry-number] 0 / UMOD protein, human; 0 / Uromodulin
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30. ||||...... 39%  Yao Y, Zhang J, Tan DQ, Chen XY, Ye DF, Peng JP, Li JT, Zheng YQ, Fang L, Li YK, Fan MX: Interferon-γ improves renal interstitial fibrosis and decreases intrarenal vascular resistance of hydronephrosis in an animal model. Urology; 2011 Mar;77(3):761.e8-13
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  • [Source] The source of this record is MEDLINE®, a database of the U.S. National Library of Medicine.
  • [Title] Interferon-γ improves renal interstitial fibrosis and decreases intrarenal vascular resistance of hydronephrosis in an animal model.
  • OBJECTIVES: To investigate the effect of interferon (IFN)-γ administration on renal interstitial fibrosis (RIF) and intrarenal vascular resistance of diseased kidneys in a reversible unilateral ureteral obstruction (RUUO) animal model.
  • RUUO was induced by clamping the left ureter using a small polyethylene tube.
  • The obstruction was reversed seven days after the operation by removing the tube.
  • RESULTS: The obstruction was successfully reversed in all animals.
  • Ureteral obstruction induced few lesions in the contralateral kidneys, and IFN-γ administration had no significant effect on them, although it exerted an antifibrotic effect on the obstructed kidneys.
  • CONCLUSIONS: IFN-γ administration restored or preserved renal histology and hemodynamics in an animal model of renal fibrosis after surgical reversal of hydronephrosis.
  • [MeSH-major] Hydronephrosis / pathology. Interferon-gamma / pharmacology. Kidney / pathology. Renal Circulation / drug effects. Vascular Resistance / drug effects
  • [MeSH-minor] Animals. Blood Flow Velocity / drug effects. Disease Models, Animal. Fibrosis. Male. Rats. Rats, Sprague-Dawley. Ureteral Obstruction / complications. Ureteral Obstruction / pathology. Ureteral Obstruction / physiopathology

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  • [Copyright] Copyright © 2011 Elsevier Inc. All rights reserved.
  • (PMID = 21216449.001).
  • [ISSN] 1527-9995
  • [Journal-full-title] Urology
  • [ISO-abbreviation] Urology
  • [Language] eng
  • [Publication-type] Journal Article; Research Support, Non-U.S. Gov't
  • [Publication-country] United States
  • [Chemical-registry-number] 82115-62-6 / Interferon-gamma
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31. ||||...... 38%  Hadzi-Djokic J, Basic D, Dzamic Z, Aćimović M, Markovic Z: [Retrocaval ureter based on a series of 16 cases]. Prog Urol; 2009 Jan;19(1):33-8
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  • [Source] The source of this record is MEDLINE®, a database of the U.S. National Library of Medicine.
  • [Title] [Retrocaval ureter based on a series of 16 cases].
  • INTRODUCTION AND OBJECTIVES: To analyse the postoperative results of surgical treatment for retrocaval ureter.
  • MATERIAL AND METHODS: The authors report a retrospective clinical study of a series of 16 patients (six women and 10 men) with a mean age of 38 years (range: 15-45 years) with retrocaval ureter treated between 1975 and 2005.
  • All patients were evaluated by the standard diagnostic protocol for the time and were treated by one of the following surgical techniques: resection of the ureter and renal pelvis to renal pelvis anastomosis; resection of the ureter and pyelo-ureteric anastomosis; resection of the ureter and oblique end-to-end uretero-ureteric anastomosis; nephrectomy.
  • Surgical revision was performed in one patient with resection of the ureter and reanastomosis, while anterograde dilatation of the stenosis was performed in the other patient.
  • All patients were reviewed at six months with a satisfactory result, corresponding to reduction of hydronephrosis and improvement of renal function.
  • CONCLUSION: Over the last 30 years, the diagnosis of retrocaval ureter has become more reliable and less invasive.
  • [MeSH-major] Ureter / abnormalities. Ureteral Obstruction / etiology

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  • (PMID = 19135640.001).
  • [ISSN] 1166-7087
  • [Journal-full-title] Progrès en urologie : journal de l'Association française d'urologie et de la Société française d'urologie
  • [ISO-abbreviation] Prog. Urol.
  • [Language] fre
  • [Publication-type] English Abstract; Journal Article
  • [Publication-country] France
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32. ||||...... 38%  Somogyi R, Oberritter Z, Juhasz Z, Vajda P, Pinter AB: Combination of vesicoureteric reflux and vesicoureteric junction obstruction. Scand J Urol Nephrol; 2009;43(6):501-5
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  • [Source] The source of this record is MEDLINE®, a database of the U.S. National Library of Medicine.
  • [Title] Combination of vesicoureteric reflux and vesicoureteric junction obstruction.
  • OBJECTIVE: This study analysed the association of vesicoureteric reflux (VUR) and vesicoureteric junction obstruction (VUJO) requiring surgical interventions in infants and children.
  • MATERIAL AND METHODS: Over 30 years (1975-2004) 423 infants and children were operated on because of VUR, 163 owing to VUJO and 25 patients (33 ureters) with a combination of VUR and obstruction of the vesicoureteric junction on the same side.
  • In one refluxing ureter, the obstruction was not diagnosed during subureteric endoscopic injection of the orifice.
  • In five of the 33 ureters, redo reimplantation was necessary because of obstruction (four ureters) or reflux (one ureter).
  • CONCLUSIONS: A combination of VUR and VUJO should be taken into consideration in a patient with proven reflux, where the ureter is dilated and tortuous and following urination the hydronephrosis and hydroureter persist or slowly decrease.
  • [MeSH-major] Ureteral Obstruction / diagnosis. Ureteral Obstruction / surgery. Vesico-Ureteral Reflux / diagnosis. Vesico-Ureteral Reflux / surgery
  • [MeSH-minor] Child. Child, Preschool. Comorbidity. Female. Humans. Infant. Magnetic Resonance Imaging. Male. Retrospective Studies. Ureter / pathology. Ureter / radionuclide imaging. Ureter / ultrasonography. Urinary Bladder / pathology. Urinary Bladder / radionuclide imaging. Urinary Bladder / ultrasonography

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  • (PMID = 19968585.001).
  • [ISSN] 1651-2065
  • [Journal-full-title] Scandinavian journal of urology and nephrology
  • [ISO-abbreviation] Scand. J. Urol. Nephrol.
  • [Language] eng
  • [Publication-type] Journal Article
  • [Publication-country] England
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33. ||||...... 38%  Ritter M, Krombach P, Knoll T, Michel MS, Haecker A: Initial experience with a newly developed antirefluxive ureter stent. Urol Res; 2012 Aug;40(4):349-53
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  • [Source] The source of this record is MEDLINE®, a database of the U.S. National Library of Medicine.
  • [Title] Initial experience with a newly developed antirefluxive ureter stent.
  • The objective of this study was to assess the functional efficacy of newly developed antirefluxive ureter stents (DJ), by performing immediate post-stenting cystograms on patients with acute ureteral obstruction requiring a DJ stent, and assessing stent-related symptoms by means of ureteral stent symptoms questionnaire (USSQ).
  • Patients with acute hydronephrosis requiring internal drainage were randomized to receive either an antirefluxive DJ or a conventional DJ (7 Fr., 26 cm, polyurethane, Urovision(®), Germany).
  • [MeSH-major] Stents. Ureteral Obstruction / therapy. Vesico-Ureteral Reflux / prevention & control

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  • (PMID = 21850408.001).
  • [ISSN] 1434-0879
  • [Journal-full-title] Urological research
  • [ISO-abbreviation] Urol. Res.
  • [Language] eng
  • [Publication-type] Journal Article; Randomized Controlled Trial
  • [Publication-country] Germany
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34. ||||...... 38%  Brourman JD: Successful replacement of an obstructed ureter with an ileal graft in a cat. J Am Vet Med Assoc; 2011 May 1;238(9):1173-5
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  • [Source] The source of this record is MEDLINE®, a database of the U.S. National Library of Medicine.
  • [Title] Successful replacement of an obstructed ureter with an ileal graft in a cat.
  • CLINICAL FINDINGS: Abdominal radiography and ultrasonography revealed that calculi and a nonpatent stricture obstructed the right ureter, which resulted in secondary dilatation of the ureter proximal to the obstruction and severe hydronephrosis.
  • The obstructed right ureter was replaced with a vascularized segment of ileum.
  • CLINICAL RELEVANCE: An ileal graft can successfully be used as a surgical option for ureteral obstruction in cats.
  • [MeSH-major] Cat Diseases / surgery. Ileum. Ureter / surgery. Ureteral Obstruction / veterinary. Urologic Surgical Procedures / veterinary

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  • (PMID = 21529240.001).
  • [ISSN] 0003-1488
  • [Journal-full-title] Journal of the American Veterinary Medical Association
  • [ISO-abbreviation] J. Am. Vet. Med. Assoc.
  • [Language] eng
  • [Publication-type] Case Reports; Journal Article
  • [Publication-country] United States
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35. ||||...... 37%  Garcia-Segui A, Bercowsky E, Gómez-Fernández I, Gibernau R, Gascón Mir M: Late migration of a toothpick into the bladder: initial presentation with urosepsis and hydronephrosis. Arch Esp Urol; 2012 Jul-Aug;65(6):626-9
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  • [Source] The source of this record is MEDLINE®, a database of the U.S. National Library of Medicine.
  • [Title] Late migration of a toothpick into the bladder: initial presentation with urosepsis and hydronephrosis.
  • METHODS: A 78 y/o male patient with uro-sepsis and hydronephrosis was admitted.
  • CT scan showed hydronephrosis and a possible ureteral stone.
  • Once infection subsided, ureteroscopy was carried out showing a slight extrinsic compression of the distal ureter.
  • RESULTS: Retrospectively, we interpreted that the foreign body perforated the gastrointestinal tract, migrated to the retroperitoneum and caused upper urinary tract obstruction by inflammatory reaction in the periureteral tissues.
  • [MeSH-major] Foreign-Body Migration / complications. Hydronephrosis / etiology. Urinary Bladder / radiography. Urinary Bladder / ultrasonography. Urinary Bladder Diseases / etiology. Urinary Tract Infections / etiology

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  • (PMID = 22832645.001).
  • [ISSN] 1576-8260
  • [Journal-full-title] Archivos españoles de urología
  • [ISO-abbreviation] Arch. Esp. Urol.
  • [Language] eng; spa
  • [Publication-type] Case Reports; Journal Article
  • [Publication-country] Spain
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36. ||||...... 37%  Sizonov VV, Kogan MI: [Transposition of the "conflict" vessel in obstruction of the pyeloureteral segment in children]. Urologiia; 2009 Jul-Aug;(4):51-5
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  • [Source] The source of this record is MEDLINE®, a database of the U.S. National Library of Medicine.
  • [Title] [Transposition of the "conflict" vessel in obstruction of the pyeloureteral segment in children].
  • We studied effectiveness of the "conflict" vessel transposition in operations for hydronephrosis due to a vasoureteral conflict in children.
  • For 1999-2007 we operated 323 children with unilateral hydronephrosis in obstruction of the pyeloureteral segment (PUS).
  • The "conflict" vessels (CV) as a cause of the obstruction were detected in 67 patients who were divided into two groups.
  • Simplicity of CV transposition as a method of hydronephrosis surgical treatment, its high effectiveness allow us to recommend this method for study in randomized prospective trials.
  • [MeSH-major] Hydronephrosis / surgery. Ureter / surgery. Ureteral Obstruction / surgery

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  • (PMID = 19824385.001).
  • [ISSN] 1728-2985
  • [Journal-full-title] Urologii͡a (Moscow, Russia : 1999)
  • [ISO-abbreviation] Urologiia
  • [Language] rus
  • [Publication-type] English Abstract; Journal Article
  • [Publication-country] Russia (Federation)
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37. ||||...... 37%  Benson AD, Taylor ER, Schwartz BF: Metal ureteral stent for benign and malignant ureteral obstruction. J Urol; 2011 Jun;185(6):2217-22
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  • [Source] The source of this record is MEDLINE®, a database of the U.S. National Library of Medicine.
  • [Title] Metal ureteral stent for benign and malignant ureteral obstruction.
  • PURPOSE: Metal ureteral stents are a relatively new version of a device with a long history of relieving ureteral obstruction.
  • Metal stents are effective for relieving ureteral obstruction but success regarding patient tolerability has been variable.
  • MATERIALS AND METHODS: The charts of patients undergoing metal ureteral stent placement for chronic ureteral obstruction were reviewed.
  • Data collected included patient age, gender, diagnosis/cause of obstruction, laterality, duration of indwelling metal stent, number of routine metal stent changes, complications and early discontinuations or stent changes.
  • All metal stents were placed to relieve ureteral obstruction due to ureteral stricture, ureteropelvic junction obstruction, retroperitoneal fibrosis or extrinsic malignant obstruction.
  • There were 3 metal stent failures in 2 patients with malignant ureteral obstruction.
  • There were no complications, or early discontinuations or changes due to adverse symptoms, patient dissatisfaction, worsening renal function or progressive hydronephrosis.
  • CONCLUSIONS: Metal ureteral stents are effective for benign and malignant ureteral obstruction in the absence of urolithiasis.
  • Good tolerability and annual stent exchange make metal stents an appealing alternative for patients with chronic ureteral obstruction treated with indwelling ureteral stents.
  • [MeSH-major] Stents. Ureteral Obstruction / surgery
  • [MeSH-minor] Abdominal Neoplasms / complications. Aged. Female. Humans. Male. Metals. Middle Aged. Prospective Studies. Prosthesis Design. Ureter

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  • [Copyright] Copyright © 2011 American Urological Association Education and Research, Inc. Published by Elsevier Inc. All rights reserved.
  • [CommentIn] J Urol. 2011 Jun;185(6):2016-7 [21496839.001]
  • (PMID = 21497845.001).
  • [ISSN] 1527-3792
  • [Journal-full-title] The Journal of urology
  • [ISO-abbreviation] J. Urol.
  • [Language] eng
  • [Publication-type] Journal Article
  • [Publication-country] United States
  • [Chemical-registry-number] 0 / Metals
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38. ||||...... 37%  Ellerkamp V, Kirschner HJ, Warmann SW, Schäfer J, Fuchs J: Bilateral single-system ectopic ureter associated with choledochal cyst: report of 2 cases. J Pediatr Surg; 2010 Dec;45(12):2450-3
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  • [Source] The source of this record is MEDLINE®, a database of the U.S. National Library of Medicine.
  • [Title] Bilateral single-system ectopic ureter associated with choledochal cyst: report of 2 cases.
  • Ectopic ureters in children are associated with symptoms related to an abnormal localization or structure of the ureteric orifice including reflux or obstruction.
  • We treated 2 girls with bilateral single-system ectopic ureter associated with choledochal cysts.
  • The coincidence of bilateral single-system ectopic ureter with choledochal cyst without any other severe malformation is not described in the literature.
  • [MeSH-major] Abnormalities, Multiple / pathology. Choledochal Cyst / pathology. Ureter / abnormalities
  • [MeSH-minor] Child, Preschool. Ductus Arteriosus, Patent. Female. Heart Septal Defects, Atrial. Humans. Hydronephrosis / congenital. Hydronephrosis / etiology. Infant, Newborn. Meckel Diverticulum / surgery. Ovarian Cysts / congenital. Urinary Tract Infections / etiology

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  • [Copyright] Copyright © 2010 Elsevier Inc. All rights reserved.
  • (PMID = 21129566.001).
  • [ISSN] 1531-5037
  • [Journal-full-title] Journal of pediatric surgery
  • [ISO-abbreviation] J. Pediatr. Surg.
  • [Language] eng
  • [Publication-type] Case Reports; Journal Article
  • [Publication-country] United States
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39. ||||...... 37%  Patel RV, Johal N, Evans K, Mushtaq I: Antenatal mild hydronephrosis with subsequent polyp of the upper ureter in a child presenting with recurrent Dietl's crisis. BMJ Case Rep; 2014;2014
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  • [Source] The source of this record is MEDLINE®, a database of the U.S. National Library of Medicine.
  • [Title] Antenatal mild hydronephrosis with subsequent polyp of the upper ureter in a child presenting with recurrent Dietl's crisis.
  • We report a 7-year-old boy who had antenatally diagnosed and postnatally confirmed asymptomatic right congenital hydronephrosis secondary to ureteropelvic junction obstruction with the anteroposterior diameter ranging from 7 to 15 mm on serial ultrasound scans till the age of 6 years.
  • Our case revealed that prenatally detected hydronephrosis may worsen after spontaneous postnatal improvement and a polyp acting as a flip valve may produce intermittent hydronephrosis and symptoms later in life.

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  • [Copyright] 2014 BMJ Publishing Group Ltd.
  • (PMID = 24832709.001).
  • [ISSN] 1757-790X
  • [Journal-full-title] BMJ case reports
  • [ISO-abbreviation] BMJ Case Rep
  • [Language] eng
  • [Publication-type] Journal Article
  • [Publication-country] England
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40. ||||...... 36%  Alberti C: Congenital ureteropelvic junction obstruction: physiopathology, decoupling of tout court pelvic dilatation-obstruction semantic connection, biomarkers to predict renal damage evolution. Eur Rev Med Pharmacol Sci; 2012 Feb;16(2):213-9
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  • [Source] The source of this record is MEDLINE®, a database of the U.S. National Library of Medicine.
  • [Title] Congenital ureteropelvic junction obstruction: physiopathology, decoupling of tout court pelvic dilatation-obstruction semantic connection, biomarkers to predict renal damage evolution.
  • The widespread use of fetal ultrasonography results in a frequent antenatally observation of hydronephrosis, ureteropelvic junction obstruction (UPJO) accounting for the greatest fraction of congenital obstructive nephropathy.
  • UPJO may be considered, in most cases, as a functional obstructive condition, depending on defective fetal smooth muscle/nerve development at this level, with lack of peristaltic wave propagation--aperistaltic segment--and, therefore, poor urine ejection from the renal pelvis into the ureter.
  • Some criticisms on tout court semantic renal pelvis dilatation-obstruction connection have been raised considering that the renal pelvis expansion isn't, in any case, linked to an ostructive condition, as it may be verified by diuretic (furosemide) renogram together with scintiscan-based evaluation of differential renal function.
  • In this regard, rather than repetitive invasive nuclear procedures that expose the children to ionizing radiations, an intriguing noninvasive strategy, based on the evaluation of urinary biomarkers and urinary proteome, can define the UPJO-related possible progress of parenchymal lesions, thus predicting which patients must require an obstruction correcting surgery and in which patients, instead, the hydronephrosis will spontaneously resolve.
  • [MeSH-major] Dilatation / methods. Kidney Diseases / etiology. Kidney Pelvis / surgery. Ureteral Obstruction / congenital. Ureteral Obstruction / physiopathology

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  • (PMID = 22428472.001).
  • [ISSN] 1128-3602
  • [Journal-full-title] European review for medical and pharmacological sciences
  • [ISO-abbreviation] Eur Rev Med Pharmacol Sci
  • [Language] eng
  • [Publication-type] Journal Article; Review
  • [Publication-country] Italy
  • [Chemical-registry-number] 0 / Biological Markers
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41. ||||...... 36%  Sanchez LM, Sanchez SI, Bailey JL: Malacoplakia presenting with obstructive nephropathy with bilateral ureter involvement. Nat Rev Nephrol; 2009 Jul;5(7):418-22
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  • [Source] The source of this record is MEDLINE®, a database of the U.S. National Library of Medicine.
  • [Title] Malacoplakia presenting with obstructive nephropathy with bilateral ureter involvement.
  • Imaging studies revealed bilateral hydronephrosis and segmental ureteral thickening.
  • [MeSH-major] Malacoplakia / complications. Malacoplakia / diagnosis. Ureteral Obstruction / diagnosis. Ureteral Obstruction / etiology
  • [MeSH-minor] Adult. Chronic Disease. Female. Humans. Hydronephrosis / diagnosis. Hydronephrosis / etiology. Hydronephrosis / therapy

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  • (PMID = 19556995.001).
  • [ISSN] 1759-507X
  • [Journal-full-title] Nature reviews. Nephrology
  • [ISO-abbreviation] Nat Rev Nephrol
  • [Language] eng
  • [Publication-type] Case Reports; Journal Article; Review
  • [Publication-country] England
  • [Number-of-references] 19
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42. ||||...... 36%  Avlan D, Gündoğdu G, Delibaş A, Nayci A: Pyeloureterostomy in the management of the lower pole pelvi-ureteric junction obstruction in incomplete duplicated systems. Urology; 2010 Dec;76(6):1468-71
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  • [Source] The source of this record is MEDLINE®, a database of the U.S. National Library of Medicine.
  • [Title] Pyeloureterostomy in the management of the lower pole pelvi-ureteric junction obstruction in incomplete duplicated systems.
  • The combination of the duplicated collecting system and pelviureteric junction obstruction (PUJO) is a rare association and infrequently reported.
  • Prenatal hydronephrosis was detected in 3 patients, and 4 had a febrile urinary tract infection.
  • [MeSH-major] Kidney Pelvis / abnormalities. Kidney Pelvis / surgery. Kidney Tubules, Collecting / abnormalities. Reconstructive Surgical Procedures / methods. Ureter / abnormalities. Ureter / surgery. Ureteral Obstruction / surgery. Ureterostomy / methods
  • [MeSH-minor] Child. Child, Preschool. Female. Fetal Diseases / diagnosis. Humans. Hydronephrosis / diagnosis. Hydronephrosis / embryology. Hydronephrosis / etiology. Infant. Kidney / radionuclide imaging. Male. Retrospective Studies. Urinary Tract Infections / etiology

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  • [Copyright] Copyright © 2010 Elsevier Inc. All rights reserved.
  • (PMID = 20739047.001).
  • [ISSN] 1527-9995
  • [Journal-full-title] Urology
  • [ISO-abbreviation] Urology
  • [Language] eng
  • [Publication-type] Evaluation Studies; Journal Article
  • [Publication-country] United States
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43. ||||...... 36%  Vaidyanathan S, Hughes PL, Soni BM, Singh G: Ureteral obstruction by the vas deferens after urostomy. ScientificWorldJournal; 2010;10:1707-13
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  • [Source] The source of this record is MEDLINE®, a database of the U.S. National Library of Medicine.
  • [Title] Ureteral obstruction by the vas deferens after urostomy.
  • Intravenous urography showed bilateral hydronephrosis and hydroureter.
  • The vas deferens on either side was crossing and kinking the ureter.
  • Magnetic resonance imaging of the abdomen confirmed that the level of obstruction in both ureters was at the site where the vas deferens crossed the ureter and kinked it.
  • [MeSH-major] Ureter / pathology. Ureteral Obstruction / diagnosis. Urinary Diversion / adverse effects. Vas Deferens / pathology

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  • (PMID = 20842316.001).
  • [ISSN] 1537-744X
  • [Journal-full-title] TheScientificWorldJournal
  • [ISO-abbreviation] ScientificWorldJournal
  • [Language] eng
  • [Publication-type] Case Reports; Journal Article
  • [Publication-country] England
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44. ||||...... 36%  Jandaghi AB, Falahatkar S, Alizadeh A, Kanafi AR, Pourghorban R, Shekarchi B, Zirak AK, Esmaeili S: Assessment of ureterovesical jet dynamics in obstructed ureter by urinary stone with color Doppler and duplex Doppler examinations. Urolithiasis; 2013 Apr;41(2):159-63
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  • [Source] The source of this record is MEDLINE®, a database of the U.S. National Library of Medicine.
  • [Title] Assessment of ureterovesical jet dynamics in obstructed ureter by urinary stone with color Doppler and duplex Doppler examinations.
  • This study was designed to evaluate ureterovesical jet dynamics in obstructed ureter and to compare it with those of contralateral unobstructed side.
  • When compared with contralateral normal side, the ureterovesical jet in obstructed ureter showed less frequency (0.59 vs. 3.04 jets/min; P < 0.05), shorter duration (1.24 vs. 5.26 s; P < 0.05) and lower peak velocity (5.41 vs. 32.09 cm/s; P < 0.05).
  • The cut-off points of 1.5 jets/min, 2.5 s and 19.5 cm/s for difference of ureteral jet frequency, duration and peak velocity between obstructed and contralateral normal ureters yielded sensitivities of 97.8, 95.6 and 100 % and specificities of 87, 87.9 and 97.8 %, respectively for diagnosis of ureteral obstruction.
  • Given the safety of Doppler study and significant differences in flow dynamics of obstructed versus unobstructed ureters, our findings demonstrated the utility of Doppler ultrasound examination as a useful adjunct to gray-scale ultrasound by improving the accuracy of ultrasound exam in diagnosis of ureteral obstruction.
  • [MeSH-major] Ureteral Calculi / ultrasonography. Ureteral Obstruction / ultrasonography
  • [MeSH-minor] Adult. Aged. Female. Humans. Hydrodynamics. Hydronephrosis / etiology. Hydronephrosis / ultrasonography. Hydronephrosis / urine. Kidney / ultrasonography. Male. Middle Aged. Ultrasonography, Doppler, Color. Ultrasonography, Doppler, Duplex. Urinary Bladder / ultrasonography. Young Adult

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  • (PMID = 23503878.001).
  • [ISSN] 2194-7236
  • [Journal-full-title] Urolithiasis
  • [ISO-abbreviation] Urolithiasis
  • [Language] eng
  • [Publication-type] Journal Article
  • [Publication-country] Germany
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45. ||||...... 36%  Wenske S, Olsson CA, Benson MC: Outcomes of distal ureteral reconstruction through reimplantation with psoas hitch, Boari flap, or ureteroneocystostomy for benign or malignant ureteral obstruction or injury. Urology; 2013 Jul;82(1):231-6
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  • [Source] The source of this record is MEDLINE®, a database of the U.S. National Library of Medicine.
  • [Title] Outcomes of distal ureteral reconstruction through reimplantation with psoas hitch, Boari flap, or ureteroneocystostomy for benign or malignant ureteral obstruction or injury.
  • OBJECTIVE: To assess functional outcomes and complications of ureteroneocystotomies (UNCs) with or without psoas hitch or Boari flap in the reconstruction and repair of the ureter.
  • METHODS: We reviewed a consecutive series of patients that underwent open ureteral reconstruction for ureteral obstruction or injury.
  • Underlying ureteral disorder, preoperative and postoperative estimated glomerular filtration rate (eGFR), and imaging studies regarding resolution of hydronephrosis were assessed.
  • Resolution of hydronephrosis was noted in 81% of the patients.
  • Despite resolution of hydronephrosis in the vast majority of patients, those with chronic underlying ureteral disorder and renal failure did not show improvement of their eGFR.
  • [MeSH-major] Carcinoma, Transitional Cell / complications. Replantation / methods. Ureter / surgery. Ureteral Neoplasms / complications. Ureteral Obstruction / complications. Ureteral Obstruction / surgery
  • [MeSH-minor] Adult. Aged. Aged, 80 and over. Constriction, Pathologic / complications. Cystostomy. Female. Glomerular Filtration Rate. Humans. Hydronephrosis / etiology. Male. Middle Aged. Psoas Muscles / surgery. Renal Insufficiency, Chronic / complications. Renal Insufficiency, Chronic / physiopathology. Retrospective Studies. Sex Factors. Stents / adverse effects. Surgical Flaps. Ureterostomy

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  • [Copyright] Copyright © 2013 Elsevier Inc. All rights reserved.
  • [CommentIn] Urology. 2013 Oct;82(4):976 [24074992.001]
  • (PMID = 23642933.001).
  • [ISSN] 1527-9995
  • [Journal-full-title] Urology
  • [ISO-abbreviation] Urology
  • [Language] eng
  • [Publication-type] Journal Article
  • [Publication-country] United States
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46. ||||...... 36%  Tseng PC, Liu TY, Pan SJ, Sung DS: Spontaneous perirenal urinoma associated with ureteropelvic junction obstruction in a child: a case report. Pediatr Neonatol; 2009 Jun;50(3):121-4
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  • [Source] The source of this record is MEDLINE®, a database of the U.S. National Library of Medicine.
  • [Title] Spontaneous perirenal urinoma associated with ureteropelvic junction obstruction in a child: a case report.
  • Radiological examination revealed ureteropelvic junction obstruction with grade IV hydronephrosis and perinephric urinoma of the left kidney. ercutaneous drainagewas performed successfully to relieve these symptoms. ication of congenital obstruction of the urinary tract, and it following renal trauma.
  • [MeSH-major] Hydronephrosis / complications. Ureteral Obstruction / complications. Urinoma / etiology
  • [MeSH-minor] Child. Drainage / methods. Humans. Male. Tomography, X-Ray Computed. Ureter / radiography. Ureter / surgery. Ureter / ultrasonography. Urography

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  • (PMID = 19579759.001).
  • [ISSN] 1875-9572
  • [Journal-full-title] Pediatrics and neonatology
  • [ISO-abbreviation] Pediatr Neonatol
  • [Language] eng
  • [Publication-type] Case Reports; Journal Article
  • [Publication-country] Singapore
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47. ||||...... 35%  Tripathi P, Wang Y, Casey AM, Chen F: Absence of canonical Smad signaling in ureteral and bladder mesenchyme causes ureteropelvic junction obstruction. J Am Soc Nephrol; 2012 Apr;23(4):618-28
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  • [Source] The source of this record is MEDLINE®, a database of the U.S. National Library of Medicine.
  • [Title] Absence of canonical Smad signaling in ureteral and bladder mesenchyme causes ureteropelvic junction obstruction.
  • Obstruction of the ureteropelvic junction (UPJ) is a common congenital anomaly frequently associated with ureteral defects.
  • Loss of canonical Smad signaling in these tissues caused bilateral UPJ obstruction and severe hydronephrosis beginning at embryonic day 17.5.
  • Transcript profiling revealed altered expression in known Bmp targets, smooth muscle-specific genes, and extracellular matrix-related genes in mutant ureters before the onset of hydronephrosis.
  • Expression of the Bmp target Id2 was significantly lower in Smad4 mutants, consistent with the observation that Id2 mutants develop UPJ obstruction.
  • In summary, Smad4 deficiency reduces the number and contractility of ureteral smooth muscle cells, leading to abnormal pyeloureteral peristalsis and functional obstruction.
  • The subsequent bending and luminal constriction of the ureter at the UPJ marks the transition from a functional obstruction to a more intractable physical obstruction, suggesting that early intervention for this disease may prevent more irreversible damage to the urinary tract.
  • [MeSH-major] Kidney Pelvis / embryology. Smad4 Protein / genetics. Ureter / embryology. Ureteral Obstruction / genetics. Urinary Bladder / embryology

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  • (PMID = 22282597.001).
  • [ISSN] 1533-3450
  • [Journal-full-title] Journal of the American Society of Nephrology : JASN
  • [ISO-abbreviation] J. Am. Soc. Nephrol.
  • [Language] eng
  • [Grant] United States / NIDDK NIH HHS / DK / P30DK079333; United States / NIDDK NIH HHS / DK / R01 DK081592; United States / NIDDK NIH HHS / DK / R01 DK081592; United States / NIDDK NIH HHS / DK / R01 DK087960; United States / NIDDK NIH HHS / DK / R01 DK087960
  • [Publication-type] Comparative Study; Journal Article; Research Support, N.I.H., Extramural
  • [Publication-country] United States
  • [Chemical-registry-number] 0 / Smad4 Protein
  • [Other-IDs] NLM/ PMC3312498
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48. ||||...... 35%  Jenkins D, Caubit X, Dimovski A, Matevska N, Lye CM, Cabuk F, Gucev Z, Tasic V, Fasano L, Woolf AS: Analysis of TSHZ2 and TSHZ3 genes in congenital pelvi-ureteric junction obstruction. Nephrol Dial Transplant; 2010 Jan;25(1):54-60
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  • [Source] The source of this record is MEDLINE®, a database of the U.S. National Library of Medicine.
  • [Title] Analysis of TSHZ2 and TSHZ3 genes in congenital pelvi-ureteric junction obstruction.
  • BACKGROUND: Congenital pelvi-ureteric junction obstruction (PUJO) affects 0.3% of human births.
  • It may result from aberrant smooth muscle development in the renal pelvis, resulting in hydronephrosis.
  • Mice that are null mutant for the Teashirt3 (Tshz3) gene exhibit congenital PUJO with defective smooth muscle differentiation and absent peristalsis in the proximal ureter.
  • To evaluate this possibility, we used in situ hydridization to analyse the three mammalian Tshz genes in mouse embryonic ureters and determined whether TSHZ3 was expressed in the human embryonic ureter.
  • Expression of these genes in the human fetal ureter emphasizes the importance of analysing these genes in other groups of patients with renal tract malformations.
  • [MeSH-major] Repressor Proteins / genetics. Transcription Factors / genetics. Ureteral Obstruction / congenital. Ureteral Obstruction / genetics
  • [MeSH-minor] Albania. Amino Acid Sequence. Animals. Case-Control Studies. Disease Models, Animal. Female. Humans. Macedonia (Republic). Male. Mice. Molecular Sequence Data. Mutation, Missense / genetics. Polymorphism, Genetic / genetics. Ureter / embryology. Ureter / metabolism

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  • KOMP Repository. gene/protein/disease-specific - KOMP Repository (subscription/membership/fee required).
  • Mouse Genome Informatics (MGI). Mouse Genome Informatics (MGI) .
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  • (PMID = 19745106.001).
  • [ISSN] 1460-2385
  • [Journal-full-title] Nephrology, dialysis, transplantation : official publication of the European Dialysis and Transplant Association - European Renal Association
  • [ISO-abbreviation] Nephrol. Dial. Transplant.
  • [Language] eng
  • [Publication-type] Journal Article
  • [Publication-country] England
  • [Chemical-registry-number] 0 / Repressor Proteins; 0 / Teashirt 3 protein, mouse; 0 / Transcription Factors; 0 / Tshz2 protein, mouse
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49. ||||...... 35%  Neulander EZ, Katz T, Kaneti J: Upper pole multicystic dysplasia and ureteropelvic junction obstruction associated with obstructive-refluxing megaureter in a neonate with a single kidney. Can J Urol; 2010 Dec;17(6):5472-4
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  • [Source] The source of this record is MEDLINE®, a database of the U.S. National Library of Medicine.
  • [Title] Upper pole multicystic dysplasia and ureteropelvic junction obstruction associated with obstructive-refluxing megaureter in a neonate with a single kidney.
  • A 20-day-old male neonate presented with fever and hydronephrosis.
  • Evaluation revealed that the patient had a single left kidney and a rare combination of multiple congenital malformations: upper pole segmental multicystic dysplasia, ureteropelvic junction obstruction, and an obstructive and refluxing megaureter (ureterovesical junction obstruction).
  • [MeSH-major] Abnormalities, Multiple / surgery. Kidney Pelvis / surgery. Multicystic Dysplastic Kidney / surgery. Ureter / surgery. Ureteral Obstruction / surgery. Urologic Surgical Procedures / methods
  • [MeSH-minor] Humans. Hydronephrosis / etiology. Infant, Newborn. Male. Vesico-Ureteral Reflux

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  • (PMID = 21172113.001).
  • [ISSN] 1195-9479
  • [Journal-full-title] The Canadian journal of urology
  • [ISO-abbreviation] Can J Urol
  • [Language] eng
  • [Publication-type] Case Reports; Journal Article
  • [Publication-country] Canada
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50. |||....... 35%  Liatsikos EN, Karnabatidis D, Katsanos K, Kallidonis P, Katsakiori P, Kagadis GC, Christeas N, Papathanassiou Z, Perimenis P, Siablis D: Ureteral metal stents: 10-year experience with malignant ureteral obstruction treatment. J Urol; 2009 Dec;182(6):2613-7
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  • [Source] The source of this record is MEDLINE®, a database of the U.S. National Library of Medicine.
  • [Title] Ureteral metal stents: 10-year experience with malignant ureteral obstruction treatment.
  • PURPOSE: Ureteral patency in malignant ureteral obstruction cases is a therapeutic challenge.
  • We report our long-term experience with palliative treatment for extrinsic malignant ureteral obstruction with percutaneous placement of metal mesh stents.
  • MATERIALS AND METHODS: From January 1996 to December 2005, 90 patients with a mean age of 59 years (range 35 to 80) with ureteral obstruction due to extrinsic ureteral compression and/or encasement by primary or metastatic tumors, or retroperitoneal lymphadenopathy underwent implantation of self-expandable metal mesh stents.
  • Renal biochemistry normalized and hydronephrosis gradually resolved 1 to 2 weeks after stent insertion.
  • CONCLUSIONS: Internal drainage of extrinsic malignant ureteral obstruction with metal mesh stents provides long-term decompression of the upper urinary tract in select cases.
  • Certain problems limit the application of metal mesh stents in the ureter.
  • Further studies are warranted to identify independent predictors of ureteral patency after the application of metal stents for malignant obstruction.
  • [MeSH-major] Stents. Ureter / surgery. Ureteral Obstruction / etiology. Ureteral Obstruction / surgery

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  • [CommentIn] J Urol. 2009 Dec;182(6):2618; discussion 2618 [19836766.001]
  • [CommentIn] J Urol. 2009 Dec;182(6):2617-8; discussion 2618 [19836808.001]
  • (PMID = 19836807.001).
  • [ISSN] 1527-3792
  • [Journal-full-title] The Journal of urology
  • [ISO-abbreviation] J. Urol.
  • [Language] eng
  • [Publication-type] Journal Article; Review
  • [Publication-country] United States
  • [Number-of-references] 16
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