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1. Biomedical articles (top 50; 2009 to 2014)
1. |||||..... 50%  Lin JF, Wang YH, Jiang BG, Zhang PX, Li YY, Zhang DY: Overall anatomical features and clinical value of the sacral nerve in high resolution computed tomography reconstruction. Chin Med J (Engl); 2010 Nov;123(21):3015-9
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  • [Source] The source of this record is MEDLINE®, a database of the U.S. National Library of Medicine.
  • [Title] Overall anatomical features and clinical value of the sacral nerve in high resolution computed tomography reconstruction.
  • BACKGROUND: Sacral nerve injury is a common complication of pelvic or sacral fractures.
  • As the sacral nerve courser within the sacrum and has a complex relationship with the surrounding tissues, different parts of the sacral plexus injury have similar clinical symptoms and signs.
  • Since lack of specific imaging technique in the diagnosis of sacral nerve injury, especially on multi-segment, multi-site, how to determine the preoperative location and extent of the sacral nerve injury accurately becomes a concern of the general orthopaedic and images practitioners.
  • This study was conducted to gain an insight into the overall anatomical features of the sacral nerve (SN) on the same slice in high resolution computed tomography (HRCT) reconstruction and to determine the value of this information for the clinical diagnosis of related diseases.
  • Among the patients, 6 with intervertebral disk hernia (6 sides), 8 with spinal stenosis (12 sides), 11 with pelvic trauma (14 sides), 4 with pelvic malignancies (6 sides), and 1 with sacral vertebral tuberculosis (2 sides).
  • The S5 nerve was partially displayed from the starting point to the segment around the posterior sacral foramen.
  • The overall anatomy of the triangular sacral plexus was only revealed in the oblique outward-rotated sagittal section, while 100% of its individual rami, as well as two or three of the adjacent rami, were displayed from their starting points to the anterior border of the piriformis.
  • The section of reconstruction was a crucial factor in determining the display capability of various sacral nerves.

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  • (PMID = 21162948.001).
  • [ISSN] 0366-6999
  • [Journal-full-title] Chinese medical journal
  • [ISO-abbreviation] Chin. Med. J.
  • [Language] eng
  • [Publication-type] Journal Article; Research Support, Non-U.S. Gov't
  • [Publication-country] China
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2. ||||...... 35%  Peddie CJ, Keast JR: Pelvic Nerve Injury Causes a Rapid Decrease in Expression of Choline Acetyltransferase and Upregulation of c-Jun and ATF-3 in a Distinct Population of Sacral Preganglionic Neurons. Front Neurosci; 2011;5:6
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  • [Source] The source of this record is MEDLINE®, a database of the U.S. National Library of Medicine.
  • [Title] Pelvic Nerve Injury Causes a Rapid Decrease in Expression of Choline Acetyltransferase and Upregulation of c-Jun and ATF-3 in a Distinct Population of Sacral Preganglionic Neurons.
  • To understand the impact of injury on both sympathetic and parasympathetic components of this nerve supply, we performed an experimental surgical and immunohistochemical study on adult male rats, where the structure of this complex part of the nervous system has been well defined.
  • We performed unilateral transection of pelvic or hypogastric nerves and analyzed relevant regions of lumbar and sacral spinal cord, up to 4 weeks after injury.
  • Expression of c-Jun, the neuronal injury marker activating transcription factor-3 (ATF-3), and choline acetyltransferase (ChAT) were examined.
  • We found little evidence for chemical or structural changes in substantial numbers of functionally related but uninjured spinal neurons (e.g., in sacral preganglionic neurons after hypogastric nerve injury), failing to support the concept of compensatory events.
  • The effects of injury were greatest in sacral cord, ipsilateral to pelvic nerve transection.
  • Here, around half of all preganglionic neurons expressed c-Jun within 1 week of injury, and substantial ATF-3 expression also occurred, especially in neurons with complete loss of ChAT-immunoreactivity.
  • There did not appear to be any death of retrogradely labeled neurons, in contrast to axotomy studies performed on other regions of spinal cord or sacral ventral root avulsion models.

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  • (PMID = 21283532.001).
  • [ISSN] 1662-453X
  • [Journal-full-title] Frontiers in neuroscience
  • [ISO-abbreviation] Front Neurosci
  • [Language] eng
  • [Publication-type] Journal Article
  • [Publication-country] Switzerland
  • [Other-IDs] NLM/ PMC3031092
  • [Keywords] NOTNLM ; cauda equina syndrome / inferior hypogastric plexus / micturition / regeneration / spinal cord injury / spinal nerves / sprouting
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3. ||||...... 35%  Park S, Park SW, Kim KS: Lumbosacral plexus injury following vaginal delivery with epidural analgesia -A case report-. Korean J Anesthesiol; 2013 Feb;64(2):175-9
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  • [Source] The source of this record is MEDLINE®, a database of the U.S. National Library of Medicine.
  • [Title] Lumbosacral plexus injury following vaginal delivery with epidural analgesia -A case report-.
  • On an electromyography (EMG) study performed 15 days following delivery, signs of tibial neuropathy were present and peripheral nerve injury during vaginal delivery was suspected.
  • Motor weakness and hypoesthesia of both lower extremities improved rapidly, but a decrease in the desire to urinate or defecate, followed by urinary incontinence and constipation persisted, We suspected the sacral plexus had been severely damaged during vaginal delivery.

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  • (PMID = 23459069.001).
  • [ISSN] 2005-6419
  • [Journal-full-title] Korean journal of anesthesiology
  • [ISO-abbreviation] Korean J Anesthesiol
  • [Language] eng
  • [Publication-type] Journal Article
  • [Publication-country] Korea (South)
  • [Other-IDs] NLM/ PMC3581790
  • [Keywords] NOTNLM ; Analgesia / Epidural / Lumbosacral plexus / Obstetric delivery
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4. |||....... 35%  Mariano TY, Bhadra N, Gustafson KJ: Suppression of reflex urethral responses by sacral dermatome stimulation in an acute spinalized feline model. Neurourol Urodyn; 2010 Mar;29(3):494-500
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  • [Source] The source of this record is MEDLINE®, a database of the U.S. National Library of Medicine.
  • [Title] Suppression of reflex urethral responses by sacral dermatome stimulation in an acute spinalized feline model.
  • AIMS: Reflex contractions of the external urethral sphincter (EUS) are a major component of voiding dysfunction after neurological injury or disease.
  • The objectives of the present study were to generate urethral reflexes in the acute spinal feline, to quantify these reflexes, and to suppress them with electrical stimulation of the sacral dermatomes.
  • The spinal cord was transected between T10 and T12, and nerve cuff electrodes were placed on the extradural S2 sacral roots to provide bladder activation.
  • Electrical stimulation was applied non-invasively to the sacral dermatomes with commercial surface electrodes.
  • Electrical stimulation of the sacral dermatomes suppressed urethral reflexes in three cats.
  • [MeSH-minor] Animals. Cats. Decerebrate State. Electric Stimulation. Lumbosacral Plexus. Male

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  • [Copyright] (c) 2009 Wiley-Liss, Inc.
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  • (PMID = 19283867.001).
  • [ISSN] 1520-6777
  • [Journal-full-title] Neurourology and urodynamics
  • [ISO-abbreviation] Neurourol. Urodyn.
  • [Language] eng
  • [Grant] United States / NIDDK NIH HHS / DK / DK077089; United States / NIDDK NIH HHS / DK / R01 DK077089; United States / NIDDK NIH HHS / DK / R01 DK077089-02; United States / NIGMS NIH HHS / GM / T32 GM007250; United States / NIGMS NIH HHS / GM / T32 GM007250
  • [Publication-type] Journal Article; Research Support, N.I.H., Extramural; Research Support, U.S. Gov't, Non-P.H.S.
  • [Publication-country] United States
  • [Other-IDs] NLM/ NIHMS120125; NLM/ PMC2967185
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5. |||....... 35%  Boger AS, Bhadra N, Gustafson KJ: High frequency sacral root nerve block allows bladder voiding. Neurourol Urodyn; 2012 Jun;31(5):677-82
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  • [Source] The source of this record is MEDLINE®, a database of the U.S. National Library of Medicine.
  • [Title] High frequency sacral root nerve block allows bladder voiding.
  • AIMS: Dyssynergic reflexive external urethral sphincter (EUS) activity following spinal cord injury can prevent bladder voiding, resulting in significant medical complications.
  • Irreversible sphincterotomies or neurotomies can prevent EUS activation and allow bladder voiding, but may cause incontinence or loss of sacral reflexes.
  • We investigated whether kilohertz frequency (KF) electrical conduction block of the sacral roots could prevent EUS activation and allow bladder voiding.
  • METHODS: The S2 sacral nerve roots were stimulated bilaterally to generate bladder pressure in six cats.
  • CONCLUSIONS: Sacral nerve block can prevent EUS activation and allow complete bladder voiding, potentially eliminating the need for a neurotomy.
  • [MeSH-major] Electric Stimulation Therapy / methods. Lumbosacral Plexus. Spinal Nerve Roots. Urethra / innervation. Urinary Bladder / innervation. Urinary Bladder, Neurogenic / therapy. Urination. Urodynamics

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  • [Copyright] Copyright © 2012 Wiley Periodicals, Inc.
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  • (PMID = 22473837.001).
  • [ISSN] 1520-6777
  • [Journal-full-title] Neurourology and urodynamics
  • [ISO-abbreviation] Neurourol. Urodyn.
  • [Language] eng
  • [Grant] United States / NIAMS NIH HHS / AR / AR07505; United States / NIDDK NIH HHS / DK / DK077089; United States / NIBIB NIH HHS / EB / EB002091; United States / NIBIB NIH HHS / EB / EB004314; United States / NICHD NIH HHS / HD / HD40298; United States / NIAMS NIH HHS / AR / T32 AR007505
  • [Publication-type] Journal Article; Research Support, N.I.H., Extramural; Research Support, Non-U.S. Gov't; Research Support, U.S. Gov't, Non-P.H.S.
  • [Publication-country] United States
  • [Other-IDs] NLM/ NIHMS268269; NLM/ PMC3806205
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6. |||....... 28%  Zhou MW, Wang WT, Huang HS, Zhu GY, Chen YP, Zhou CM: Microsurgical anatomy of lumbosacral nerve rootlets for highly selective rhizotomy in chronic spinal cord injury. Anat Rec (Hoboken); 2010 Dec;293(12):2123-8
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  • [Title] Microsurgical anatomy of lumbosacral nerve rootlets for highly selective rhizotomy in chronic spinal cord injury.
  • It is known that selective sacral roots rhizotomy is effective for relieving the neurogenic bladder associated with spinal cord injury.
  • The goal of this study is to review the surgical anatomy of the lumbosacral nerve rootlets and to provide some morphological bases for highly selective sacral roots rhizotomy.
  • Thus, during highly selective sacral roots rhizotomy, the ventral and dorsal roots can be divided into several bundles of rootlets, and we could initially distinct the rootlets by their diameters.
  • [MeSH-major] Lumbosacral Plexus / anatomy & histology. Myelin Sheath / classification. Rhizotomy / methods. Spinal Cord Injuries / surgery. Spinal Nerve Roots / anatomy & histology

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  • (PMID = 21089050.001).
  • [ISSN] 1932-8494
  • [Journal-full-title] Anatomical record (Hoboken, N.J. : 2007)
  • [ISO-abbreviation] Anat Rec (Hoboken)
  • [Language] eng
  • [Publication-type] Journal Article; Research Support, Non-U.S. Gov't
  • [Publication-country] United States
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7. |||||||||. 264%  Zhao LL: [Study of injury mechanism for sacral plexus injury resulting from zone-II sacral fractures]. Zhonghua Yi Xue Za Zhi; 2011 Mar 8;91(9):630-3
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  • [Source] The source of this record is MEDLINE®, a database of the U.S. National Library of Medicine.
  • [Title] [Study of injury mechanism for sacral plexus injury resulting from zone-II sacral fractures].
  • OBJECTIVE: To study the mechanism of sacral plexus injury resulting from zone-II sacral fractures by axial compression.
  • METHODS: Six short-term embalmed pelves were obtained with preserving sacral plexus and resected pubic symphysis.
  • A model of zone-II sacral fractures by axial compression was established.
  • Quantitative analysis for fracture displacement was carried out to observe the characteristics and mechanisms of sacral plexus injury.
  • RESULTS: In the sacral fracture model of axial compression, the sacral plexus nerves of L5 and S1 were obviously compressed.
  • When the displacement exceeded 1 cm, the tension injury of sacral plexus nerves became noticeable, especially at L5, S1 and S2.
  • There was no sacral nerve injury when the distal segment of fractures was displaced posteriorly.
  • CONCLUSION: The mechanisms of sacral plexus injury are complicated.
  • [MeSH-major] Lumbosacral Plexus / injuries. Radiculopathy / etiology. Sacrum / injuries. Spinal Fractures / physiopathology

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  • (PMID = 21600137.001).
  • [ISSN] 0376-2491
  • [Journal-full-title] Zhonghua yi xue za zhi
  • [ISO-abbreviation] Zhonghua Yi Xue Za Zhi
  • [Language] chi
  • [Publication-type] English Abstract; Journal Article
  • [Publication-country] China
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8. |||||..... 48%  Yang J, Zheng G, Zhou Z, Guo W: Application of MPR in sacral nerve injury during sacral fracture. J Trauma; 2011 Jun;70(6):1489-94
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  • [Source] The source of this record is MEDLINE®, a database of the U.S. National Library of Medicine.
  • [Title] Application of MPR in sacral nerve injury during sacral fracture.
  • BACKGROUND: To investigate the diagnostic and clinical value of multiplanar reconstruction (MPR) with spiral computed tomography for sacral nerve injury during sacral fracture.
  • METHODS: From April 2007 to April 2009, 10 patients with sacral nerve injury during sacral fracture admitted to the Affiliated Shenjing Hospital of China Medical University were included in this study; of these, seven were men and three were women, aged around 30 years to 55 years.
  • Hospital admission time from injury was around 1 day to 30 days for these patients.
  • Causes of injury included six cases of car crashes, three cases of fallen heavy objects, and one case of crush injury.
  • To evaluate fracture status of the sacral neuroforamen and relative position of fractured bone to the root of nerve, entire neuroforamen of sacral nerve was observed by MPR technique at double-oblique position (45-degree oblique coronary position and 30-degree oblique sagittal position), under which the fracture condition of sacral neuroforamen could be clearly displayed for further clinical verification.
  • RESULTS: According to the 1990 standard classification for spinal injury by the National Spinal Cord Injury Association and the International Spinal Cord Society, with consideration of the clinical manifestations, clinical diagnosis of all patients were as follows: six cases of injury to S1 root, two cases of injury to S2 root, two cases of injury to both S1 and S2 roots, three cases of penetration of S1 neuroforamen by fractured bone after MPR at double-oblique position, one case of injury to S2 neuroforamen, and two cases of penetration of both S1 and S2 neuroforamen by fractured bone.
  • After the MPR examination at double-oblique position, the remaining four patients (3 cases of injury to S1 and 1 case of injury to S2) did not show penetration of fractured bones to neuroforamen (thus considering the diagnosis of simple neural contusion).
  • CONCLUSION: Sacral MPR at double-oblique position can be used as a routine examination for patient with sacral fracture, which is of great significance in determining the cause of injury to sacral nerve.
  • [MeSH-major] Lumbosacral Plexus / injuries. Lumbosacral Plexus / radiography. Spinal Fractures / radiography. Tomography, Spiral Computed / methods

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  • (PMID = 21817988.001).
  • [ISSN] 1529-8809
  • [Journal-full-title] The Journal of trauma
  • [ISO-abbreviation] J Trauma
  • [Language] eng
  • [Publication-type] Journal Article
  • [Publication-country] United States
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9. ||||...... 43%  Oom DM, Steensma AB, van Lanschot JJ, Schouten WR: Is sacral neuromodulation for fecal incontinence worthwhile in patients with associated pelvic floor injury? Dis Colon Rectum; 2010 Apr;53(4):422-7
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  • [Source] The source of this record is MEDLINE®, a database of the U.S. National Library of Medicine.
  • [Title] Is sacral neuromodulation for fecal incontinence worthwhile in patients with associated pelvic floor injury?
  • PURPOSE: It has been shown that vaginal delivery may result in pelvic floor injury.
  • Until now it is unknown whether this type of injury plays a role in the etiology of fecal incontinence and whether it affects the outcome of treatment.
  • The aim of the present study was to assess the prevalence of pelvic floor injury in patients with fecal incontinence who were eligible for sacral neuromodulation and to determine whether sacral neuromodulation is worthwhile in patients with pelvic floor injury.
  • METHODS: All women with fecal incontinence who were eligible for sacral neuromodulation in the past were invited to participate in the present study.
  • RESULTS: Pelvic floor injury was found in 29 of the 46 participants (63%).
  • No differences regarding the efficacy of sacral neuromodulation were found between patients with and those without pelvic floor injury.
  • Successful test stimulation was obtained in 86% of the patients with pelvic floor injury and in 71% of the patients without pelvic type injury.
  • After implantation of a definitive pulse generator, a successful outcome was found in 84% of the patients with pelvic floor injury and in 75% of the patients with an intact pelvic floor.
  • CONCLUSION: Pelvic floor injury is present in the majority of incontinent patients who were eligible for sacral neuromodulation.
  • This type of injury seems to have no detrimental effect on the treatment outcome.
  • [MeSH-major] Electric Stimulation Therapy / methods. Fecal Incontinence / therapy. Lumbosacral Plexus / physiology. Pelvic Floor / injuries

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  • (PMID = 20305441.001).
  • [ISSN] 1530-0358
  • [Journal-full-title] Diseases of the colon and rectum
  • [ISO-abbreviation] Dis. Colon Rectum
  • [Language] eng
  • [Publication-type] Journal Article; Research Support, Non-U.S. Gov't
  • [Publication-country] United States
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10. ||||...... 42%  Jiang X, Chen X, Shen D, Chen A: Anterior cornual motoneuron regression pattern after sacral plexus avulsion in rats. Acta Neurochir (Wien); 2014 Aug;156(8):1599-604
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  • [Source] The source of this record is MEDLINE®, a database of the U.S. National Library of Medicine.
  • [Title] Anterior cornual motoneuron regression pattern after sacral plexus avulsion in rats.
  • BACKGROUND: Sacral plexus avulsions lead to severe disability in patients and remain a thorny clinical problem due to the lack of anatomical, experimental and clinical studies.
  • Attempts have been made to treat lumbosacral plexus injuries with such operations as direct anastomosis of the ends of injured sacral plexuses, and certain therapeutic effects were achieved.
  • We measured the apoptosis of motor neurons in the anterior corn through hematoxylin-eosin (HE) and terminal deoxynucleotidyl transferase dUTP nick end labeling (TUNEL) staining, and found that after sacral plexus avulsions, motor neurons in the anterior horn of the spinal cord gradually reduced and the apoptosis index gradually increased as the time went by.
  • CONCLUSION: Week 6 after injury is probably the deadline for surgical repair of sacral plexus avulsions.

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  • (PMID = 24855021.001).
  • [ISSN] 0942-0940
  • [Journal-full-title] Acta neurochirurgica
  • [ISO-abbreviation] Acta Neurochir (Wien)
  • [Language] eng
  • [Publication-type] Journal Article
  • [Publication-country] Austria
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11. ||||...... 39%  Schalow G: Coordination impairment between the somatic and parasympathetic nervous system divisions in the human sacral micturition centre following spinal cord injury. Electromyogr Clin Neurophysiol; 2009 Nov-Dec;49(8):337-67
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  • [Source] The source of this record is MEDLINE®, a database of the U.S. National Library of Medicine.
  • [Title] Coordination impairment between the somatic and parasympathetic nervous system divisions in the human sacral micturition centre following spinal cord injury.
  • The pathologic firing patterns of the SP2 fibres, the detrusor-sphincteric dyscoordination, and hyperreflexia in paraplegics are most likely a result of neuronal network changes in the parasympathetic and somatic nervous system divisions of the sacral micturition center after spinal cord injury.
  • [MeSH-major] Ataxia / physiopathology. Lumbosacral Plexus / physiopathology. Motor Neurons / physiology. Parasympathetic Nervous System / physiopathology. Spinal Cord Injuries / physiopathology. Urinary Bladder / innervation. Urination / physiology

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  • (PMID = 20058544.001).
  • [ISSN] 0301-150X
  • [Journal-full-title] Electromyography and clinical neurophysiology
  • [ISO-abbreviation] Electromyogr Clin Neurophysiol
  • [Language] eng
  • [Publication-type] Journal Article
  • [Publication-country] Belgium
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12. ||||...... 38%  Hak DJ, Baran S, Stahel P: Sacral fractures: current strategies in diagnosis and management. Orthopedics; 2009 Oct;32(10)
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  • [Title] Sacral fractures: current strategies in diagnosis and management.
  • Sacral fractures are commonly associated with pelvic ring fractures due to high-energy mechanisms of injury.
  • An understanding of the anatomic relation of the sacrum to the lumbar spine, pelvis, and surrounding neurovascular structures is critical in evaluating functional deficits that may be associated with sacral fractures.
  • Once identified, correct classification of a sacral fracture can facilitate ideal treatment strategies.
  • Surgical fixation techniques include percutaneously placed iliosacral screws, posterior sacral "tension band" fixation, and for certain fracture patterns osteosynthesis that incorporates the lower lumbar spine (lumbopelvic or triangular fixation).
  • This article reviews the approach to sacral fracture diagnosis and management.
  • [MeSH-minor] Fracture Fixation. Humans. Lumbosacral Plexus / injuries. Lumbosacral Plexus / surgery. Orthopedic Procedures / adverse effects. Spinal Cord Injuries / etiology. Spinal Cord Injuries / surgery. Trauma, Nervous System / etiology

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  • (PMID = 19824583.001).
  • [ISSN] 1938-2367
  • [Journal-full-title] Orthopedics
  • [ISO-abbreviation] Orthopedics
  • [Language] eng
  • [Publication-type] Journal Article
  • [Publication-country] United States
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13. ||||...... 37%  Dudding TC: Future indications for sacral nerve stimulation. Colorectal Dis; 2011 Mar;13 Suppl 2:23-8
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  • [Source] The source of this record is MEDLINE®, a database of the U.S. National Library of Medicine.
  • [Title] Future indications for sacral nerve stimulation.
  • AIM: The aim of this article was to determine the effect of sacral nerve stimulation (SNS) on the treatment of faecal incontinence, constipation, irritable bowel syndrome, mixed urinary and bowel disorders, spinal injury and neurodegenerative disease, pain syndromes, and sexual dysfunction.
  • METHOD: A Medline search was performed including the keywords and/or MeSH headings of 'sacral nerve stimulation', 'neuromodulation', 'artificial pacemaker', 'faecal incontinence', 'constipation' and 'anal pain'.
  • RESULTS: SNS has been used for the treatment of urinary, bowel and sexual dysfunction, as well as pain resulting from such disorders, and dysfunction arising from nerve injury and degenerative disease.
  • [MeSH-major] Constipation / therapy. Electric Stimulation Therapy / methods. Fecal Incontinence / therapy. Lumbosacral Plexus. Urinary Incontinence / therapy

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  • [Copyright] © 2011 The Author. Colorectal Disease © 2011 The Association of Coloproctology of Great Britain and Ireland.
  • (PMID = 21284799.001).
  • [ISSN] 1463-1318
  • [Journal-full-title] Colorectal disease : the official journal of the Association of Coloproctology of Great Britain and Ireland
  • [ISO-abbreviation] Colorectal Dis
  • [Language] eng
  • [Publication-type] Journal Article; Review
  • [Publication-country] England
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14. ||||...... 35%  Boyle DJ, Knowles CH, Lunniss PJ, Scott SM, Williams NS, Gill KA: Efficacy of sacral nerve stimulation for fecal incontinence in patients with anal sphincter defects. Dis Colon Rectum; 2009 Jul;52(7):1234-9
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  • [Source] The source of this record is MEDLINE®, a database of the U.S. National Library of Medicine.
  • [Title] Efficacy of sacral nerve stimulation for fecal incontinence in patients with anal sphincter defects.
  • PURPOSE: Sacral nerve stimulation has traditionally been used to treat patients with fecal incontinence with intact anal sphincters.
  • This rationale has been challenged, but it remains unknown if its efficacy is related to the extent of the sphincter injury.
  • METHODS: This was a prospective study of 15 patients with sphincter defects (9 combined, 2 external only, and 4 internal only) undergoing sacral nerve stimulation for fecal incontinence.
  • There were no relationships between sphincter defect scores and outcome measures after sacral nerve stimulation (r = 0.001-0.10; P = 0.28-0.94).
  • CONCLUSION: Sacral nerve stimulation is an effective treatment in patients with fecal incontinence who have anal sphincter defects, and outcome is not associated with severity of sphincter disruption.
  • [MeSH-major] Anal Canal / injuries. Electric Stimulation Therapy. Fecal Incontinence / therapy. Lumbosacral Plexus

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  • (PMID = 19571698.001).
  • [ISSN] 1530-0358
  • [Journal-full-title] Diseases of the colon and rectum
  • [ISO-abbreviation] Dis. Colon Rectum
  • [Language] eng
  • [Publication-type] Clinical Trial; Journal Article
  • [Publication-country] United States
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15. |||....... 35%  Pannek J, Göcking K, Bersch U: Sacral rhizotomy: a salvage procedure in a patient with autonomic dysreflexia. Spinal Cord; 2010 Apr;48(4):347-8
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  • [Source] The source of this record is MEDLINE®, a database of the U.S. National Library of Medicine.
  • [Title] Sacral rhizotomy: a salvage procedure in a patient with autonomic dysreflexia.
  • OBJECTIVES: To show the feasibility of sacral deafferentation as a salvage procedure to resolve life-threatening autonomic dysreflexia.
  • METHOD AND RESULTS: In a patient presenting with acute autonomic dysreflexia leading to cardiac arrest, sacral deafferentation could prevent further episodes of autonomic dysreflexia.
  • CONCLUSION: In patients with spinal cord injury, autonomic dysreflexia can be triggered by the bladder even without detrusor overactivity.
  • In these cases, sacral deafferentation may be the only salvage procedure to prevent further serious health problems.
  • [MeSH-major] Autonomic Dysreflexia / surgery. Lumbosacral Plexus / surgery. Rhizotomy

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  • (PMID = 19752869.001).
  • [ISSN] 1476-5624
  • [Journal-full-title] Spinal cord
  • [ISO-abbreviation] Spinal Cord
  • [Language] eng
  • [Publication-type] Case Reports; Journal Article
  • [Publication-country] England
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16. |||....... 35%  Lombardi G, Del Popolo G, Cecconi F, Surrenti E, Macchiarella A: Clinical outcome of sacral neuromodulation in incomplete spinal cord-injured patients suffering from neurogenic bowel dysfunctions. Spinal Cord; 2010 Feb;48(2):154-9
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  • [Source] The source of this record is MEDLINE®, a database of the U.S. National Library of Medicine.
  • [Title] Clinical outcome of sacral neuromodulation in incomplete spinal cord-injured patients suffering from neurogenic bowel dysfunctions.
  • OBJECTIVES: Efficacy and safety of sacral neuromodulation (SNM) in incomplete spinal cord-injured patients (SCIPs) affected by chronic neurogenic bowel symptoms (NBSs).
  • CONCLUSIONS: SNM therapy should be considered for the treatment of NBS for select patients with incomplete spinal cord injury when conservative treatments fail.
  • [MeSH-major] Electric Stimulation Therapy / methods. Lumbosacral Plexus / physiology. Neurogenic Bowel / etiology. Neurogenic Bowel / therapy. Spinal Cord Injuries / complications. Spinal Cord Injuries / therapy

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  • (PMID = 19668257.001).
  • [ISSN] 1476-5624
  • [Journal-full-title] Spinal cord
  • [ISO-abbreviation] Spinal Cord
  • [Language] eng
  • [Publication-type] Journal Article
  • [Publication-country] England
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17. |||....... 35%  Sugimoto Y, Ito Y, Tomioka M, Tanaka M, Hasegawa Y, Nakago K, Yagata Y: Risk factors for lumbosacral plexus palsy related to pelvic fracture. Spine (Phila Pa 1976); 2010 Apr 20;35(9):963-6
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  • [Source] The source of this record is MEDLINE®, a database of the U.S. National Library of Medicine.
  • [Title] Risk factors for lumbosacral plexus palsy related to pelvic fracture.
  • OBJECTIVE: We assessed risk factors for lumbosacral plexus palsy related to pelvic fracture that can be evaluated during the acute injury phase with diagnostics such as computed tomography (CT).
  • The average injury severity score (ISS) was 27.5 (range, 16-50).
  • Age, sex, ISS, suicidal jump, longitudinal displacement, sacral transverse fracture, pubic fracture, lumbar transverse process fracture, type of pelvic fracture (AO), and type of sacral fracture (Denis) were examined for a correlation with the lumbosacral plexus palsy.
  • Transverse sacral fracture was diagnosed by sagittal reconstruction CT.
  • RESULTS: Of the 22 patients, 5 (22.7%) had lumbosacral plexus palsy (8 of 27 pelvic fractures) detected during treatment.
  • The incidence of lumbosacral plexus palsy was not related to age, sex, ISS.
  • Patients who had made a suicidal jump or had a sacral transverse fracture also had a significantly higher risk for lumbosacral plexus palsy.
  • Palsy was not related to the type of pelvic fracture (AO) or sacral fracture (Denis).
  • CONCLUSION: In this study, longitudinal displacement of the pelvis, transverse sacral fracture, and trauma from a suicidal jump were risk factors for lumbosacral plexus palsy.
  • [MeSH-major] Fractures, Bone / complications. Lumbosacral Plexus / physiopathology. Paralysis / complications. Pelvic Bones / injuries
  • [MeSH-minor] Adult. Chi-Square Distribution. Female. Humans. Injury Severity Score. Male. Middle Aged. Neurologic Examination. Retrospective Studies. Risk Factors


18. |||....... 34%  Chang SM, Hou CL: Staggered rhizotomy of anterior and posterior sacral roots for bladder reservoir function in spinal cord injury: a canine experimental study and preliminary clinical report. Orthop Surg; 2009 May;1(2):164-70
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  • [Source] The source of this record is MEDLINE®, a database of the U.S. National Library of Medicine.
  • [Title] Staggered rhizotomy of anterior and posterior sacral roots for bladder reservoir function in spinal cord injury: a canine experimental study and preliminary clinical report.
  • OBJECTIVE: To report an experimental study and preliminary clinical results of staggered anterior and posterior sacral rhizotomy for restoring function of the bladder and preventing reflex incontinence in supra-conal spinal cord injury (SCI).
  • CONCLUSION: Staggered rhizotomy of the anterior and posterior sacral roots at different spinal cord levels has the same denervation effect as a complete posterior rhizotomy, and good bladder reservoir function can be achieved by this procedure.
  • [MeSH-major] Lumbosacral Plexus / surgery. Rhizotomy / methods. Spinal Cord Injuries / surgery. Spinal Nerve Roots / surgery. Urinary Bladder / innervation. Urinary Incontinence / surgery. Urination / physiology

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  • [Copyright] © 2009 Tianjin Hospital and Blackwell Publishing Asia Pty Ltd.
  • (PMID = 22009834.001).
  • [ISSN] 1757-7861
  • [Journal-full-title] Orthopaedic surgery
  • [ISO-abbreviation] Orthop Surg
  • [Language] eng
  • [Publication-type] Comparative Study; Journal Article; Research Support, Non-U.S. Gov't
  • [Publication-country] Australia
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19. |||....... 34%  Doumouchtsis SK, Arulkumaran S: Is it possible to reduce obstetrical brachial plexus palsy by optimal management of shoulder dystocia? Ann N Y Acad Sci; 2010 Sep;1205:135-43
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  • [Title] Is it possible to reduce obstetrical brachial plexus palsy by optimal management of shoulder dystocia?
  • Obstetrical brachial plexus palsies (OBPP) have been historically attributed to the impaction of the fetal shoulder behind the symphysis pubis and to excessive lateral traction of the fetal head during maneuvers to deliver the fetal shoulders in shoulder dystocia.
  • However, a significant proportion of OBPPs are secondary to in utero injury.
  • The propulsive forces of labor, intrauterine maladaptation, and compression of the posterior shoulder against the sacral promontory as well as uterine anomalies are possible intrauterine causes of OBPP.
  • [MeSH-major] Brachial Plexus Neuropathies / prevention & control. Dystocia / therapy. Paralysis, Obstetric / prevention & control. Shoulder Dislocation / prevention & control. Shoulder Dislocation / therapy

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  • [Copyright] © 2010 New York Academy of Sciences.
  • (PMID = 20840265.001).
  • [ISSN] 1749-6632
  • [Journal-full-title] Annals of the New York Academy of Sciences
  • [ISO-abbreviation] Ann. N. Y. Acad. Sci.
  • [Language] eng
  • [Publication-type] Journal Article; Review
  • [Publication-country] United States
  • [Number-of-references] 51
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20. |||....... 34%  Doumouchtsis SK, Arulkumaran S: Are all brachial plexus injuries caused by shoulder dystocia? Obstet Gynecol Surv; 2009 Sep;64(9):615-23
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  • [Source] The source of this record is MEDLINE®, a database of the U.S. National Library of Medicine.
  • [Title] Are all brachial plexus injuries caused by shoulder dystocia?
  • Obstetric brachial plexus palsy (OBPP), is an injury of the brachial plexus at childbirth affecting the nerve roots of C5-6 (Erb-Duchenne palsy-nearly 80% of cases) or less frequently the C8-T1 nerve roots (Klumpke palsy).
  • Direct compression of the fetal shoulder on the symphysis pubis may also cause injury.
  • Possible mechanisms of intrauterine injury include the endogenous propulsive forces of labor, intrauterine maladaptation, or failure of the shoulders to rotate, and impaction of the posterior shoulder behind the sacral promontory.
  • Future research should be directed in prospective evaluation of the mechanisms of injury, to enable obstetricians, midwives, and other health care professionals to identify modifiable risk factors, develop preventive strategies, and improve perinatal outcomes.
  • LEARNING OBJECTIVES: After completion of this article, the reader will be able to summarize known risk factors for shoulder dystocia, describe the relationship between shoulder dystocia and obstetrics brachial plexus injuries, and describe three potentail explanantions for brachial plexus injuries other than lateral traction at delivery.
  • [MeSH-major] Birth Injuries / etiology. Brachial Plexus / injuries. Brachial Plexus Neuropathies / etiology. Dystocia. Extraction, Obstetrical / adverse effects

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  • (PMID = 19691859.001).
  • [ISSN] 1533-9866
  • [Journal-full-title] Obstetrical & gynecological survey
  • [ISO-abbreviation] Obstet Gynecol Surv
  • [Language] eng
  • [Publication-type] Journal Article; Review
  • [Publication-country] United States
  • [Number-of-references] 99
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21. |||....... 33%  Possover M: The sacral LION procedure for recovery of bladder/rectum/sexual functions in paraplegic patients after explantation of a previous Finetech-Brindley controller. J Minim Invasive Gynecol; 2009 Jan-Feb;16(1):98-101
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  • [Source] The source of this record is MEDLINE®, a database of the U.S. National Library of Medicine.
  • [Title] The sacral LION procedure for recovery of bladder/rectum/sexual functions in paraplegic patients after explantation of a previous Finetech-Brindley controller.
  • STUDY OBJECTIVE: To report on our technique of sacral laparoscopic implantation of aneuroprosthesis-LION procedure-for recovery of bladder/intestinal/sexual function in paralyzed patients after spinal cord injury.
  • PATIENTS: Eight consecutive complete T-paralyzed patients after explantation of a previous dorsal implanted Brindley-Finetech controller with a sacral deafferentation.
  • INTERVENTIONS: Laparoscopic transperitoneal exposure of the sacral plexuse and bilateral implantation of Brindley-Finetech electrodes to the sacral nerve roots S2 to S4.
  • In 2 other patients, exposure and intraoperative stimulation of the sacral nerve roots showed irreversible destruction of the motoric vesical and rectal nerves.
  • CONCLUSION: The laparoscopic transperitoneal approach offers minimally invasive access for implantation of electrodes to the sacral nerve roots in paralyzed patients for recovery of pelvic visceral functions after failure of a previous implanted dorsal Brindley-Finetech controller with sacral deafferentation.
  • [MeSH-minor] Adult. Cohort Studies. Electrodes, Implanted. Fecal Incontinence / etiology. Fecal Incontinence / surgery. Female. Humans. Lumbosacral Plexus / physiopathology. Middle Aged. Sexual Dysfunction, Physiological / etiology. Sexual Dysfunction, Physiological / surgery

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  • (PMID = 19110191.001).
  • [ISSN] 1553-4650
  • [Journal-full-title] Journal of minimally invasive gynecology
  • [ISO-abbreviation] J Minim Invasive Gynecol
  • [Language] eng
  • [Publication-type] Journal Article
  • [Publication-country] United States
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22. |||....... 29%  Li Y, Lin H, Zhao L, Chen A: Unaffected contralateral S1 transfer for the treatment of lumbosacral plexus avulsion. Injury; 2014 Jun;45(6):1015-8
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  • [Title] Unaffected contralateral S1 transfer for the treatment of lumbosacral plexus avulsion.
  • INTRODUCTION: This study describes a new surgical strategy for lumbosacral plexus avulsion by transfer of the unaffected contralateral S1 nerve root.
  • METHODS: A surgical reconstruction of the sacral nerve was performed on a 10-year-old boy with left lumbosacral plexus avulsion.
  • CONCLUSIONS: The extradural S1 nerve root in the unaffected side can be considered as a suitable donor nerve for transfer in patients with root avulsion of the lumbar or sacral nerve plexus.

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  • [Copyright] Copyright © 2014 Elsevier Ltd. All rights reserved.
  • (PMID = 24513217.001).
  • [ISSN] 1879-0267
  • [Journal-full-title] Injury
  • [ISO-abbreviation] Injury
  • [Language] eng
  • [Publication-type] Journal Article; Research Support, Non-U.S. Gov't
  • [Publication-country] Netherlands
  • [Keywords] NOTNLM ; Nerve transfer / Reconstruction / Sacral nerve plexus
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23. |||....... 28%  Zhang J, Wu K, Zhang W, Wu W, Hou S: [Percutaneous fixation of pelvic fracture by acutrak full thread headless hollow compression screw]. Zhongguo Xiu Fu Chong Jian Wai Ke Za Zhi; 2012 Jan;26(1):91-6
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  • [Source] The source of this record is MEDLINE®, a database of the U.S. National Library of Medicine.
  • The injury was more severe in surgical group than in control group.
  • RESULTS: In surgical group, the other patients reached the standard of short-term recovery at 1-4 days after injury except 1 patient who had sacral plexus injury; in control group, the patients could turn over at 9-13 days (Tile type A2) and 17-25 days (Tile type B2) respectively, and could walk at 17-21 days (Tile type A2) and at 45-57 days (Tile type B2) respectively.

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  • (PMID = 22332528.001).
  • [ISSN] 1002-1892
  • [Journal-full-title] Zhongguo xiu fu chong jian wai ke za zhi = Zhongguo xiufu chongjian waike zazhi = Chinese journal of reparative and reconstructive surgery
  • [ISO-abbreviation] Zhongguo Xiu Fu Chong Jian Wai Ke Za Zhi
  • [Language] chi
  • [Publication-type] Controlled Clinical Trial; English Abstract; Journal Article
  • [Publication-country] China
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24. |||....... 28%  Ge Z, Wang B, Zhang D, Liu Z, Zhang Y, Jia J: [Effect of iliolumbar fixation in patients with Tile C pelvic injury and analysis of relative factors]. Zhongguo Xiu Fu Chong Jian Wai Ke Za Zhi; 2012 Nov;26(11):1285-90
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  • [Source] The source of this record is MEDLINE®, a database of the U.S. National Library of Medicine.
  • [Title] [Effect of iliolumbar fixation in patients with Tile C pelvic injury and analysis of relative factors].
  • OBJECTIVE: To explore the relative prognostic factors of Tile C pelvic injury after iliolumbar fixation.
  • The preoperative injury severity score (ISS) was 12-66 (mean, 29.4).
  • The time from injury to surgery was 2-25 days (mean, 8.1 days).
  • Unconditional logistic analysis was used to analyze the relationship between the age, sex, body mass index (BMI), operation opportunity, the preoperative combined injury, classification of fracture, the postoperative complication, reduction outcome, sacral nerve injury, and the time of physical exercise and the prognosis.
  • Delay sacral nerve injury was found in 15 patients, 6 patients underwent nerve decompression, and 9 underwent conservative treatment.
  • The logistic analysis showed that the age, sex, BMI, and postoperative complications were not prognostic factors; early operation (within 10 days), early function exercises (within 7 days), the better reduction quality, and the less sacral nerve injury were in favor of prognosis; and the worse preoperative combined injury and pelvic injury were, the worse the prognosis was.
  • CONCLUSION: Operation opportunity, the preoperative combined injury, reduction outcome, sacral nerve injury, and the time of physical exercise are all significantly prognostic factors of Tile C pelvic injuries.
  • [MeSH-minor] Adolescent. Adult. Aged. Bone Plates. Bone Screws. Female. Humans. Injury Severity Score. Lumbar Vertebrae / injuries. Lumbar Vertebrae / surgery. Lumbosacral Plexus / injuries. Lumbosacral Plexus / surgery. Male. Middle Aged. Postoperative Complications / epidemiology. Postoperative Complications / therapy. Regression Analysis. Retrospective Studies. Sacroiliac Joint / injuries. Sacroiliac Joint / surgery. Sacrum / surgery. Treatment Outcome. Young Adult


25. |||....... 27%  Khedr EM, Alkady EA, El-Hammady DH, Khalifa FA, bin-Humam S: Repetitive lumbosacral nerve magnetic stimulation improves bladder dysfunction due to lumbosacral nerve injury: a pilot randomized controlled study. Neurorehabil Neural Repair; 2011 Jul-Aug;25(6):570-6
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  • [Source] The source of this record is MEDLINE®, a database of the U.S. National Library of Medicine.
  • [Title] Repetitive lumbosacral nerve magnetic stimulation improves bladder dysfunction due to lumbosacral nerve injury: a pilot randomized controlled study.
  • BACKGROUND: Rapid rate magnetic stimulation of human sacral nerve roots can reduce stress incontinence.
  • CONCLUSION: rLMS at 15 Hz may improve urinary dysfunction secondary to lumbosacral nerve injury.
  • [MeSH-major] Lumbosacral Plexus / injuries. Magnetic Field Therapy / methods. Polyradiculopathy / rehabilitation. Urinary Bladder, Neurogenic / rehabilitation. Urinary Incontinence, Stress / rehabilitation

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  • (PMID = 21411715.001).
  • [ISSN] 1552-6844
  • [Journal-full-title] Neurorehabilitation and neural repair
  • [ISO-abbreviation] Neurorehabil Neural Repair
  • [Language] eng
  • [Publication-type] Journal Article; Randomized Controlled Trial
  • [Publication-country] United States
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26. ||........ 24%  Schabrun SM, Stafford RE, Hodges PW: Anal sphincter fatigue: is the mechanism peripheral or central? Neurourol Urodyn; 2011 Nov;30(8):1550-6
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  • [Source] The source of this record is MEDLINE®, a database of the U.S. National Library of Medicine.
  • Peripheral fatigue was measured using brachial plexus (elbow flexors) or sacral plexus (AS) stimulation during contraction and at rest.
  • [MeSH-major] Anal Canal / innervation. Brachial Plexus / physiology. Lumbosacral Plexus / physiology. Motor Cortex / physiology. Muscle Contraction. Muscle Fatigue. Muscle, Skeletal / innervation

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  • [Copyright] Copyright © 2011 Wiley Periodicals, Inc.
  • (PMID = 21780170.001).
  • [ISSN] 1520-6777
  • [Journal-full-title] Neurourology and urodynamics
  • [ISO-abbreviation] Neurourol. Urodyn.
  • [Language] eng
  • [Publication-type] Journal Article; Randomized Controlled Trial; Research Support, Non-U.S. Gov't
  • [Publication-country] United States
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27. ||........ 24%  Schmal H, Hauschild O, Culemann U, Pohlemann T, Stuby F, Krischak G, Südkamp NP: Identification of risk factors for neurological deficits in patients with pelvic fractures. Orthopedics; 2010 Aug;33(8)
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  • [Source] The source of this record is MEDLINE®, a database of the U.S. National Library of Medicine.
  • This multicenter register study was performed to define injury and fracture constellations that are at risk to develop pelvic associated neural lesions.
  • Data of 3607 patients treated from 2004 to 2009 for pelvic fractures were evaluated for neurological deficits depending on Tile classification, pelvic injury configuration, and treatment.In 223 patients (6.5%), neurological lesions were diagnosed on the day of discharge from the hospital.
  • Whereas stable type A3 sacral fractures were not associated with a different risk to develop neurological deficits (3.8%), unstable sacral fractures with the need for operative fixation showed an increased rate of accompanying nerve lesions (15.4%; P<.001).
  • Twenty-one (11.5%) operative sacral stabilizations were supplemented with nerve root decompression (mainly S1).
  • Neurological complications in the course of treatment were seen in 69 cases (1.9%).A high degree of instability, complex pelvic trauma, and unstable sacral fractures predispose for additional neurological deficits in patients with pelvic fractures.
  • [MeSH-major] Fractures, Bone / complications. Lumbosacral Plexus. Nerve Compression Syndromes / epidemiology. Pelvic Bones / injuries. Risk Assessment / methods
  • [MeSH-minor] Female. Germany / epidemiology. Humans. Incidence. Injury Severity Score. Male. Middle Aged. Prognosis. Prospective Studies. Risk Factors. Tomography, X-Ray Computed

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  • [Copyright] Copyright 2010, SLACK Incorporated.
  • (PMID = 20704106.001).
  • [ISSN] 1938-2367
  • [Journal-full-title] Orthopedics
  • [ISO-abbreviation] Orthopedics
  • [Language] eng
  • [Publication-type] Comparative Study; Journal Article; Multicenter Study
  • [Publication-country] United States
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28. ||........ 23%  Burks FN, Bui DT, Peters KM: Neuromodulation and the neurogenic bladder. Urol Clin North Am; 2010 Nov;37(4):559-65
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  • [Source] The source of this record is MEDLINE®, a database of the U.S. National Library of Medicine.
  • Neurogenic bladder resulting from spinal cord injury and spina bifida has a profound impact on voiding function.
  • This article reviews the current literature with regards to electrical stimulation for neurogenic bladder and the clinical outcomes associated with sacral neuromodulation, pudendal neuromodulation, posterior tibial nerve stimulation, and the Finetech-Brindley posterior/anterior stimulator.
  • [MeSH-minor] Animals. Humans. Lumbosacral Plexus

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  • [Copyright] Copyright © 2010 Elsevier Inc. All rights reserved.
  • (PMID = 20955907.001).
  • [ISSN] 1558-318X
  • [Journal-full-title] The Urologic clinics of North America
  • [ISO-abbreviation] Urol. Clin. North Am.
  • [Language] eng
  • [Publication-type] Journal Article; Review
  • [Publication-country] United States
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29. ||........ 23%  Nangle MR, Keast JR: Deafferentation and axotomy each cause neurturin-independent upregulation of c-Jun in rodent pelvic ganglia. Exp Neurol; 2009 Feb;215(2):271-80
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  • [Source] The source of this record is MEDLINE®, a database of the U.S. National Library of Medicine.
  • These neurons are susceptible to axonal injury during pelvic surgical procedures, yet their regenerative mechanisms are poorly understood.
  • (1) to identify whether c-Jun was upregulated by injury in pelvic parasympathetic neurons, and (2) whether injury was required for c-Jun upregulation, by performing deafferentation (i.e., severance of lumbar and sacral spinal inputs), which elicits sprouting of axon collaterals from pelvic ganglion neurons but does not injure them.
  • In summary, neurturin-independent c-Jun expression within pelvic ganglion neurons does not require a direct injury and may instead be causally linked to axonal sprouting, regardless of stimulus.
  • [MeSH-major] Autonomic Denervation. Axotomy. Ganglia, Parasympathetic / cytology. Hypogastric Plexus / cytology. Neurons / metabolism. Neurturin / physiology. Proto-Oncogene Proteins c-jun / metabolism. Up-Regulation / physiology

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  • (PMID = 19038253.001).
  • [ISSN] 1090-2430
  • [Journal-full-title] Experimental neurology
  • [ISO-abbreviation] Exp. Neurol.
  • [Language] eng
  • [Publication-type] Journal Article; Research Support, Non-U.S. Gov't
  • [Publication-country] United States
  • [Chemical-registry-number] 0 / 2-hydroxy-4,4'-diamidinostilbene, methanesulfonate salt; 0 / Neurturin; 0 / Nrtn protein, mouse; 0 / Proto-Oncogene Proteins c-jun; 0 / Stilbamidines; 37221-79-7 / Vasoactive Intestinal Peptide; EC 1.14.13.39 / Nitric Oxide Synthase; EC 1.14.16.2 / Tyrosine 3-Monooxygenase
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30. ||........ 23%  Csorba R: [Prediction, prevention and management of shoulder dystocia]. Orv Hetil; 2012 May 20;153(20):763-7
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  • [Source] The source of this record is MEDLINE®, a database of the U.S. National Library of Medicine.
  • Shoulder dystocia occurs when the fetal shoulder impacts on the maternal symphysis or sacral promontory.
  • Maternal morbidity is also increased, particularly postpartum hemorrhage, rupture of the uterus, injury of the bladder, urethra and the bowels and fourth-degree perineal tears.
  • Brachial plexus injuries are one of the most important fetal complications of shoulder dystocia, complicating 4-16% of such deliveries.

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  • (PMID = 22580502.001).
  • [ISSN] 0030-6002
  • [Journal-full-title] Orvosi hetilap
  • [ISO-abbreviation] Orv Hetil
  • [Language] hun
  • [Publication-type] English Abstract; Journal Article; Review
  • [Publication-country] Hungary
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31. ||........ 23%  Eder F, Meyer F, Huth C, Halloul Z, Lippert H: Penetrating abdomino-thoracic injuries: report of four impressive, spectacular and representative cases as well as their challenging surgical management. Pol Przegl Chir; 2011 Mar;83(3):117-22
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  • [Source] The source of this record is MEDLINE®, a database of the U.S. National Library of Medicine.
  • Postoperatively, a residual lesion of the left brachial plexus caused temporary pneumonia.
  • The injury was repaired with segmental resection and anastomosis.
  • The patient has residual paresthesia in her left leg resulting from a sacral plexus lesion.

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  • (PMID = 22166313.001).
  • [ISSN] 0032-373X
  • [Journal-full-title] Polski przeglad chirurgiczny
  • [ISO-abbreviation] Pol Przegl Chir
  • [Language] eng
  • [Publication-type] Case Reports; Journal Article
  • [Publication-country] Poland
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32. ||........ 22%  Cooper IF, Siadaty MS: 'Plants' associated with 'Plexus': Top Publications. BioMedLib Review; Plant;Plexus:705592268. ISSN: 2331-5717. 2014/4/24
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  • [Title] 'Plants' associated with 'Plexus': Top Publications.
  • Background: There are articles published each month which present 'plant' for 'plexus'.
  • Nath RK et al: Triangle tilt surgery in an older pediatric patient with obstetric brachial plexus injury.
  • Saliba S et al: Rehabilitation considerations of a brachial plexus injury with complete avulsion of c5 and c6 nerve roots in a college football player: a case study.
  • Schenker M et al: Intact myelinated fibres in biopsies of ventral spinal roots after preganglionic traction injury to the brachial plexus. A proof that Sherrington's 'wrong way afferents' exist in man?.
  • Matejcik V: Variations of nerve roots of the brachial plexus.
  • Won SJ et al: Measurement of cross-sectional area of cervical roots and brachial plexus trunks.
  • Rudich SR et al: Computed tomography of masses of the brachial plexus and contributing nerve roots in dogs.
  • Boldorini R et al: Primary choroid plexus papilloma of the sacral nerve roots.
  • Fournier HD et al: Anatomical bases of the posterior approach to the brachial plexus for repairing avulsed spinal nerve roots.
  • Nakano M et al: Migration of prostate brachytherapy seeds to the vertebral venous plexus.

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  • [Copyright] Copyright 2014 Siadaty and Cooper; licensee BioMedLib LLC.
  • (UID = 705592268.001).
  • [ISSN] 2331-5717
  • [Journal-full-title] BioMedLib Review
  • [Language] eng
  • [Publication-type] Review
  • [Publication-country] UNITED STATES
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33. ||........ 16%  Cosma S, Menato G, Ceccaroni M, Marchino GL, Petruzzelli P, Volpi E, Benedetto C: Laparoscopic sacropexy and obstructed defecation syndrome: an anatomoclinical study. Int Urogynecol J; 2013 Oct;24(10):1623-30
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  • [Source] The source of this record is MEDLINE®, a database of the U.S. National Library of Medicine.
  • METHODS: Five female cadavers were dissected to identify possible sites of nerve injury during LSP.
  • Subsequently, the videos of 18 LSP were blindly reviewed to assess the location of sacral dissection and tacks, the position and depth of the peritoneal tunnel, and another 4 variables.
  • RESULTS: The only variable associated with postsurgical ODS was dissection in the 90° angle of the anatomical triangle, where the superior hypogastric plexus was observed in all cadavers.
  • CONCLUSIONS: Medial and midline dissection over the sacral promontory might be associated with postoperative ODS.
  • [MeSH-minor] Cadaver. Defecation. Denervation / adverse effects. Female. Humans. Incidence. Lumbosacral Plexus / injuries. Middle Aged. Postoperative Period. Retrospective Studies. Syndrome. Treatment Outcome

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  • (PMID = 23538995.001).
  • [ISSN] 1433-3023
  • [Journal-full-title] International urogynecology journal
  • [ISO-abbreviation] Int Urogynecol J
  • [Language] eng
  • [Publication-type] Journal Article
  • [Publication-country] England
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34. ||........ 15%  Pascarella R, Del Torto M, Politano R, Commessatti M, Fantasia R, Maresca A: Critical review of pelvic fractures associated with external iliac artery lesion: a series of six cases. Injury; 2014 Feb;45(2):374-8
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  • [Source] The source of this record is MEDLINE®, a database of the U.S. National Library of Medicine.
  • INTRODUCTION: Bleeding associated with pelvic fracture mostly comes from the pre-sacral and lumbar venous plexus, or directly from the fracture site.
  • The mortality rate associated with iliac artery injury ranges from 38% to 72%.
  • Total body CT-scan with contrast medium, angiography or packing can be performed when there is arterial injury.
  • DISCUSSION: Haemodynamic instability in patients with pelvic ring fracture is usually because of venous bleeding from the pre-sacral and lumbar plexus, or from the fracture site.
  • Arterial injury is present in around 20% of cases.
  • Depending on the type of injury, vascular surgery can be associated with pelvic fracture stabilisation.

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  • [Copyright] Copyright © 2013 Elsevier Ltd. All rights reserved.
  • (PMID = 24183394.001).
  • [ISSN] 1879-0267
  • [Journal-full-title] Injury
  • [ISO-abbreviation] Injury
  • [Language] eng
  • [Publication-type] Journal Article
  • [Publication-country] Netherlands
  • [Keywords] NOTNLM ; Acetabular / Angiography / External iliac artery / Haemorrhage / Pelvic fractures
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35. ||........ 15%  Jahangiri FR, Al Eissa S, Jahangiri AF, Al-Habib A: Intraoperative neurophysiological monitoring during sacrectomy procedures. Neurodiagn J; 2013 Dec;53(4):312-22
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  • [Source] The source of this record is MEDLINE®, a database of the U.S. National Library of Medicine.
  • Previously intraoperative neurophysiological monitoring (IONM) has not been used along with a computer based navigation system for en bloc resection of a sacral Ewing sarcoma.
  • A partial or complete resection of a sacral tumor may result in the loss of neurological functions due to close proximity of vascular, neural, and visceral structures.
  • A prolonged two-stage surgical procedure may be a high risk procedure for position related brachial plexus injury.
  • His MRI was consistent with a sacral mass causing compression on the left S1 and S2 roots.
  • IONM helped guide the surgical team to prevent damaging the sacral roots on the normal side (right) and position related upper extremity brachial plexus injuries.
  • Our technique involving IONM can be used safely for accurate en bloc removal of a sacral tumor with a safe margin while protecting the neural function and minimizing recurrence.
  • This case report demonstrates that intraoperative neurophysiological monitoring was useful in identifying and reversing impending nerve injury during sacrectomy surgery.
  • We recommend that IONM should be considered for safe margin en bloc sacral tumor resection and prevention of injury to the sacral root and brachial plexus.

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  • (PMID = 24494535.001).
  • [ISSN] 2164-6821
  • [Journal-full-title] The Neurodiagnostic journal
  • [ISO-abbreviation] Neurodiagn J
  • [Language] eng
  • [Publication-type] Case Reports; Journal Article
  • [Publication-country] United States
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36. |......... 15%  Kurup AN, Morris JM, Schmit GD, Atwell TD, Weisbrod AJ, Murthy NS, Woodrum DA, Callstrom MR: Neuroanatomic considerations in percutaneous tumor ablation. Radiographics; 2013 Jul-Aug;33(4):1195-215
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  • [Source] The source of this record is MEDLINE®, a database of the U.S. National Library of Medicine.
  • Familiarity with the expected course of nerves in commonly targeted areas is helpful in preventing inadvertent nerve injury and in accurately informing the patient of potential risks.
  • In the chest and shoulder girdle, the brachial plexus as well as the phrenic, recurrent laryngeal, intercostal-subcostal, long thoracic, dorsal scapular, and suprascapular nerves may be encountered.
  • Vulnerable neural structures in the abdomen and pelvis arise from the lumbar and sacral plexuses and include the femoral, obturator, sciatic, and pudendal nerves.
  • Nerve protection and monitoring techniques should be used, when appropriate, to minimize the risk of neural injury during percutaneous tumor ablation and depend on the vulnerable nerve, the location of the targeted tumor, and the ablation device used for treatment.


37. |......... 9%  Cooper IF, Siadaty MS: 'Mammals' associated with 'Bone Structure Of Sacrum': Top Publications. BioMedLib Review; Mammal;BoneStructureOf:705541033. ISSN: 2331-5717. 2014/4/23
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  • Pullen AH et al: Comparative analysis of nitric oxide synthase immunoreactivity in the sacral spinal cord of the cat, macaque and human.
  • Kim HT et al: Transient cauda equina syndrome related to a sacral schwannoma with cauda equine compression after a lumbar epidural block -A case report-.
  • Elkelini MS et al: Mechanism of action of sacral nerve stimulation using a transdermal amplitude-modulated signal in a spinal cord injury rodent model.
  • Jiang M et al: Progressive changes in synaptic inputs to motoneurons in adult sacral spinal cord of a mouse model of amyotrophic lateral sclerosis.
  • Moffett EA et al: Sexual dimorphism in relative sacral breadth among catarrhine primates.
  • Mathis KR et al: Sacral osteochondrosis in two German Shepherd Dogs.
  • Lin H et al: The effect of severing L6 nerve root of the sacral plexus on lower extremity function: an experimental study in rhesus monkeys.
  • McDuffee LA et al: Repair of sacral fracture in two dairy cattle.
  • Possover M: The sacral LION procedure for recovery of bladder/rectum/sexual functions in paraplegic patients after explantation of a previous Finetech-Brindley controller.
  • Erkin Y et al: [A new technique for long time catheterization of sacral epidural canal in rabbits].

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  • [Copyright] Copyright 2014 Siadaty and Cooper; licensee BioMedLib LLC.
  • (UID = 705541033.001).
  • [ISSN] 2331-5717
  • [Journal-full-title] BioMedLib Review
  • [Language] eng
  • [Publication-type] Review
  • [Publication-country] UNITED STATES
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38. |......... 9%  Cooper IF, Siadaty MS: 'Therapeutic or Preventive Procedures' associated with 'Lumbosacral': Top Publications. BioMedLib Review; TherapeuticOrPreventive;Lumbosacral:705421583. ISSN: 2331-5717. 2014/4/28
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  • Park S et al: Lumbosacral plexus injury following vaginal delivery with epidural analgesia -A case report-.
  • Nanjayan SK et al: Arachnoiditis following caudal epidural injections for the lumbo-sacral radicular pain.
  • Quraishi NA et al: Surgical treatment of cauda equina compression as a result of metastatic tumours of the lumbo-sacral junction and sacrum.
  • Yi SK et al: Development of a standardized method for contouring the lumbosacral plexus: a preliminary dosimetric analysis of this organ at risk among 15 patients treated with intensity-modulated radiotherapy for lower gastrointestinal cancers and the incidence of radiation-induced lumbosacral plexopathy.

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  • [Copyright] Copyright 2014 Siadaty and Cooper; licensee BioMedLib LLC.
  • (UID = 705421583.001).
  • [ISSN] 2331-5717
  • [Journal-full-title] BioMedLib Review
  • [Language] eng
  • [Publication-type] Review
  • [Publication-country] UNITED STATES
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39. |......... 9%  Cooper IF, Siadaty MS: 'Therapeutic or Preventive Procedures' associated with 'Fila Radicularia': Top Publications. BioMedLib Review; TherapeuticOrPreventive;FilaRadicularia:705309155. ISSN: 2331-5717. 2014/4/27
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  • Zhou MW et al: Microsurgical anatomy of lumbosacral nerve rootlets for highly selective rhizotomy in chronic spinal cord injury.
  • Bertelli JA et al: Contralateral motor rootlets and ipsilateral nerve transfers in brachial plexus reconstruction.
  • Toczek SK et al: Selective sacral rootlet rhizotomy for hypertonic neurogenic bladder.

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  • [Copyright] Copyright 2014 Siadaty and Cooper; licensee BioMedLib LLC.
  • (UID = 705309155.001).
  • [ISSN] 2331-5717
  • [Journal-full-title] BioMedLib Review
  • [Language] eng
  • [Publication-type] Review
  • [Publication-country] UNITED STATES
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40. |......... 9%  Cooper IF, Siadaty MS: 'Plants' associated with 'Injuries Spinal': Top Publications. BioMedLib Review; Plant;InjuriesSpinal:705524440. ISSN: 2331-5717. 2014/4/23
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  • MacDonagh RP et al: Control of defecation in patients with spinal injuries by stimulation of sacral anterior nerve roots.
  • Glasby MA et al: Repairing spinal roots after brachial plexus injuries.
  • Waninger KN: On-field management of potential cervical spine injury in helmeted football players: leave the helmet on!.
  • Scher AT: Serious cervical spine injury in the older rugby player. An indication for routine radiological examination.
  • O'Neill PJ et al: Penetrating cactus spine injury to the mediastinum of a child.

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  • [Copyright] Copyright 2014 Siadaty and Cooper; licensee BioMedLib LLC.
  • (UID = 705524440.001).
  • [ISSN] 2331-5717
  • [Journal-full-title] BioMedLib Review
  • [Language] eng
  • [Publication-type] Review
  • [Publication-country] UNITED STATES
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41. |......... 9%  Cooper IF, Siadaty MS: 'Steroids' associated with 'Nerve Reconstruction': Top Publications. BioMedLib Review; Steroid;NerveReconstruction:705812695. ISSN: 2331-5717. 2014/4/28
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  • Allgeier S et al: Image reconstruction of the subbasal nerve plexus with in vivo confocal microscopy.
  • Lin JF et al: Overall anatomical features and clinical value of the sacral nerve in high resolution computed tomography reconstruction.
  • Belek KA et al: Single-stage reconstruction of a devastating antebrachial injury with brachial artery, median nerve, and soft tissue deficit: a case report and review of the literature.

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  • [Copyright] Copyright 2014 Siadaty and Cooper; licensee BioMedLib LLC.
  • (UID = 705812695.001).
  • [ISSN] 2331-5717
  • [Journal-full-title] BioMedLib Review
  • [Language] eng
  • [Publication-type] Review
  • [Publication-country] UNITED STATES
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42. |......... 9%  Cooper IF, Siadaty MS: 'Plants' associated with 'Pre Ganglionic': Top Publications. BioMedLib Review; Plant;PreGanglionic:705558793. ISSN: 2331-5717. 2014/4/24
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  • Schenker M et al: Intact myelinated fibres in biopsies of ventral spinal roots after preganglionic traction injury to the brachial plexus. A proof that Sherrington's 'wrong way afferents' exist in man?.
  • Mawe GM et al: Primary afferent projections from dorsal and ventral roots to autonomic preganglionic neurons in the cat sacral spinal cord: light and electron microscopic observations.

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  • [Copyright] Copyright 2014 Siadaty and Cooper; licensee BioMedLib LLC.
  • (UID = 705558793.001).
  • [ISSN] 2331-5717
  • [Journal-full-title] BioMedLib Review
  • [Language] eng
  • [Publication-type] Review
  • [Publication-country] UNITED STATES
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43. |......... 9%  Cooper IF, Siadaty MS: 'Therapeutic or Preventive Procedures' associated with 'Triangle': Top Publications. BioMedLib Review; TherapeuticOrPreventive;Triangle:705307371. ISSN: 2331-5717. 2014/4/27
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  • Hu X et al: Application triangular osteosynthesis for vertical unstable sacral fractures.
  • Nath RK et al: Extended long-term (5 years) outcomes of triangle tilt surgery in obstetric brachial plexus injury.

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  • [Copyright] Copyright 2014 Siadaty and Cooper; licensee BioMedLib LLC.
  • (UID = 705307371.001).
  • [ISSN] 2331-5717
  • [Journal-full-title] BioMedLib Review
  • [Language] eng
  • [Publication-type] Review
  • [Publication-country] UNITED STATES
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44. |......... 5%  Moya P, Arroyo A, Lacueva J, Polo FC, Rico RC: Sacral nerve stimulation in patients with severe fecal incontinence after delivery sphincter injury. Am Surg; 2014 Feb;80(2):E66-8
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  • [Source] The source of this record is MEDLINE®, a database of the U.S. National Library of Medicine.
  • [Title] Sacral nerve stimulation in patients with severe fecal incontinence after delivery sphincter injury.
  • [MeSH-minor] Adult. Cohort Studies. Female. Follow-Up Studies. Humans. Lumbosacral Plexus. Manometry / methods. Obstetric Labor Complications / diagnosis. Obstetric Labor Complications / therapy. Pregnancy. Retrospective Studies. Severity of Illness Index. Treatment Outcome

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  • (PMID = 24480206.001).
  • [ISSN] 1555-9823
  • [Journal-full-title] The American surgeon
  • [ISO-abbreviation] Am Surg
  • [Language] eng
  • [Publication-type] Journal Article
  • [Publication-country] United States
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45. |......... 5%  Wöllner J, Hampel C, Kessler TM: Surgery Illustrated – surgical atlas sacral neuromodulation. BJU Int; 2012 Jul;110(1):146-59
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  • [Source] The source of this record is MEDLINE®, a database of the U.S. National Library of Medicine.
  • [Title] Surgery Illustrated – surgical atlas sacral neuromodulation.
  • [MeSH-major] Constipation / therapy. Electric Stimulation Therapy. Electrodes, Implanted. Fecal Incontinence / therapy. Lumbosacral Plexus / physiology. Urination Disorders / therapy

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  • (PMID = 22691023.001).
  • [ISSN] 1464-410X
  • [Journal-full-title] BJU international
  • [ISO-abbreviation] BJU Int.
  • [Language] eng
  • [Publication-type] Journal Article
  • [Publication-country] England
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46. |||....... 26%  Ong MJ, Lim GH, Kei PL: Clinics in diagnostic imaging (140). Iatrogenic sciatic nerve injury secondary to intramuscular injection. Singapore Med J; 2012 Aug;53(8):551-4; quiz 555
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  • [Source] The source of this record is MEDLINE®, a database of the U.S. National Library of Medicine.
  • [Title] Clinics in diagnostic imaging (140). Iatrogenic sciatic nerve injury secondary to intramuscular injection.
  • Magnetic resonance (MR) imaging of her lumbosacral spine and sacral plexus was performed.

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  • (PMID = 22941135.001).
  • [ISSN] 0037-5675
  • [Journal-full-title] Singapore medical journal
  • [ISO-abbreviation] Singapore Med J
  • [Language] eng
  • [Publication-type] Journal Article
  • [Publication-country] Singapore
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47. ||........ 24%  Garozzo D, Zollino G, Ferraresi S: In lumbosacral plexus injuries can we identify indicators that predict spontaneous recovery or the need for surgical treatment? Results from a clinical study on 72 patients. J Brachial Plex Peripher Nerve Inj; 2014;9(1):1
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  • [Source] The source of this record is MEDLINE®, a database of the U.S. National Library of Medicine.
  • [Title] In lumbosacral plexus injuries can we identify indicators that predict spontaneous recovery or the need for surgical treatment? Results from a clinical study on 72 patients.
  • BACKGROUND: Post-traumatic lumbosacral plexus injuries seem to be rare events, spontaneously recovering in high percentage: as surgery is often challenging and results in poor outcome, many Authors have advocated conservative treatment only.
  • METHOD: The clinical and radiological data of 72 patients with a post-traumatic lumbosacral plexus injury were reviewed.
  • RESULTS: Lumbosacral plexus injuries mostly occurred during road accidents.
  • The incidence of associated lesions was relevant: bone injuries were found in 85% of patients, internal lesions in 30% and vascular injuries in 8%.Lumbosacral trunk and sacral plexus palsies were the most frequent injury patterns.Root avulsions were revealed in 23% of cases and only in sacral plexus and complete lumbosacral plexus injuries: L5 and S1 were the roots more prone to avulsions.About 70% of cases recovered spontaneously, mostly in 18 months.
  • Spontaneous recovery was the rule in lumbar plexus and lumbosacral trunk injuries (where root avulsions never occurred) or in sacral and complete lumbosacral plexus palsies due to compression injuries.The causative mechanism correlated with the injury pattern, the associated bone injury being often predictive of the severity of the nerve injury.Lumbosacral plexus injuries occurred in car crashes were generally associated with fractures causing compression on the nerves, thus resulting in injuries often amenable of spontaneous recovery.Motorcycle accidents implied high kinetic energy traumas where traction played an important role, as the high percentage of sacroiliac joint separations demonstrated (found in more than 50% of cases and always associated to root avulsions).Loss of sphincteral control and excruciating leg pain were also invariably associated with avulsions.
  • CONCLUSIONS: Clinical and radiological data can help to predict the occurrence of spontaneous recovery or the need for surgery in post-traumatic lumbosacral plexus injuries.

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  • (PMID = 24410760.001).
  • [ISSN] 1749-7221
  • [Journal-full-title] Journal of brachial plexus and peripheral nerve injury
  • [ISO-abbreviation] J Brachial Plex Peripher Nerve Inj
  • [Language] eng
  • [Publication-type] Journal Article
  • [Publication-country] England
  • [Other-IDs] NLM/ PMC3896705
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48. ||........ 23%  Waikakul S, Chandraphak S, Sangthongsil P: Anatomy of L4 to S3 nerve roots. J Orthop Surg (Hong Kong); 2010 Dec;18(3):352-5
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  • [Source] The source of this record is MEDLINE®, a database of the U.S. National Library of Medicine.
  • CONCLUSION: Sacral nerve roots may fuse at different levels.
  • To prevent nerve root injury, dissection with a sharp instrument should be avoided at such area and 5 to 7 mm medial to the sacroiliac joint.
  • [MeSH-minor] Adult. Aged. Aged, 80 and over. Cadaver. Dissection. Female. Humans. Lumbar Vertebrae. Lumbosacral Plexus / anatomy & histology. Male. Middle Aged. Sacrum

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  • (PMID = 21187550.001).
  • [ISSN] 1022-5536
  • [Journal-full-title] Journal of orthopaedic surgery (Hong Kong)
  • [ISO-abbreviation] J Orthop Surg (Hong Kong)
  • [Language] eng
  • [Publication-type] Journal Article
  • [Publication-country] China
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49. ||........ 23%  Casal Nuñez JE, García Martinez MT, Ruano Poblador A, Sánchez Conde JA, Pampín Medela JL, Moncada Iribarren E, De Sanildefonso Pereira A: [Presacral haemorrhage during rectal cancer resection: morphological and hydrodynamic considerations]. Cir Esp; 2012 Apr;90(4):243-7
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  • [Source] The source of this record is MEDLINE®, a database of the U.S. National Library of Medicine.
  • INTRODUCTION: Our aim is to identify the location and size of the anterior foramina of sacral vertebral bodies and analyse the haemodynamic variables that could influence the haemorrhagic severity of the injury of the presacral venous plexus.
  • MATERIALS AND METHODS: Using computed axial tomography the morphological data of 70 sacral bones in 67 patients with rectal cancer were recorded, as well as measuring the height between the vena cava and S5.
  • Hydrodynamic principles, according to Bernoulli's Law, were applied to calculate sacral venous plexus pressure, and the flow rate according to the calibre of a hypothetical venous injury.
  • Sacral plexus venous pressure in lithotomy was almost double the inferior vena cava pressure in normal position.
  • Venous injury at these levels can reach a flow rate of 2 l/min.

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  • [Copyright] Copyright © 2011 AEC. Published by Elsevier Espana. All rights reserved.
  • (PMID = 22405887.001).
  • [ISSN] 1578-147X
  • [Journal-full-title] Cirugía española
  • [ISO-abbreviation] Cir Esp
  • [Language] spa
  • [Publication-type] English Abstract; Journal Article
  • [Publication-country] Spain
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50. ||........ 23%  Eker HE, Cok OY, Aribogan A: A treatment option for post-injection sciatic neuropathy: transsacral block with methylprednisolone. Pain Physician; 2010 Sep-Oct;13(5):451-6
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  • [Source] The source of this record is MEDLINE®, a database of the U.S. National Library of Medicine.
  • BACKGROUND: Accidental intraneural injection induced nerve injury is an iatrogenic tragedy and intramuscular injection (IM) is the most common injury mechanism affecting the sciatic nerve.
  • The most frequent presentation of sciatic nerve injury includes radicular pain and paresthesia with almost immediate onset of variable motor and sensory deficit.
  • OBJECTIVES: Intraneural injection is a common injury mechanism of the sciatic nerve and generates neuropathic pain with inflammatory neuritis.
  • The results of transsacral steroid injection on neuropathic pain in 5 patients with accidental sciatic nerve injury due to intraneural injection were presented in this report.
  • RESULTS: Diagnostic block was performed through the unilateral S1-S2-S3 sacral foramina with 22-G spinal needle by 5 mL 1% lidocaine into each foramen.
  • [MeSH-minor] Adult. Aged. Anesthetics, Local / administration & dosage. Female. Humans. Lidocaine / administration & dosage. Lumbosacral Plexus / drug effects. Male. Middle Aged. Sacrococcygeal Region

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  • (PMID = 20859314.001).
  • [ISSN] 2150-1149
  • [Journal-full-title] Pain physician
  • [ISO-abbreviation] Pain Physician
  • [Language] eng
  • [Publication-type] Case Reports; Journal Article
  • [Publication-country] United States
  • [Chemical-registry-number] 0 / Anesthetics, Local; 0 / Anti-Inflammatory Agents; 98PI200987 / Lidocaine; X4W7ZR7023 / Methylprednisolone
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