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1. Biomedical articles (top 50; 2009 to 2014)
1. |||||..... 52%  Cooper IF, Siadaty MS: 'Steroids' associated with 'Large Myocutaneous Flap': Top Publications. BioMedLib Review; Steroid;LargeMyocutaneousFlap:705781235. ISSN: 2331-5717. 2014/4/27
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  • [Title] 'Steroids' associated with 'Large Myocutaneous Flap': Top Publications.
  • Background: There are articles published each month which present 'steroid' for 'large myocutaneous flap'.
  • Arlyan S et al: Use of the pectoralis major myocutaneous flap for reconstruction of large cervical, facial or cranial defects.
  • Gürlek A et al: A transverse rectus abdominis myocutaneous (TRAM) flap for reconstruction of a large deformity in the buttock: a new indication for a TRAM flap.
  • Yu ZJ: [Repair of large soft tissue defects in the lower extremity of children by bilateral latissimus dorsi myocutaneous flap transference].
  • Parodi PC et al: [The postoperative expansion of a myocutaneous flap of the large dorsal muscle in postmastectomy breast reconstruction].
  • Di Mauro D et al: V-Y Bilateral gluteus maximus myocutaneous advancement flap in the reconstruction of large perineal defects after resection of pelvic malignancies.
  • Horch RE et al: The contralateral bilobed trapezius myocutaneous flap for closure of large defects of the dorsal neck permitting primary donor site closure.
  • Zhang YX et al: A novel design of the multilobed latissimus dorsi myocutaneous flap to achieve primary donor-site closure in the reconstruction of large defects.
  • Schmidt VJ et al: Myocutaneous propeller flap based on the superior gluteal artery (SGA) for closure of large lumbosacral meningomyelocoele defects: a case report.
  • Chen WL et al: Reconstruction of large defects of the neck using an extended vertical lower trapezius island myocutaneous flap following salvage surgery for neck recurrence of oral carcinoma.

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  • [Copyright] Copyright 2014 Siadaty and Cooper; licensee BioMedLib LLC.
  • (UID = 705781235.001).
  • [ISSN] 2331-5717
  • [Journal-full-title] BioMedLib Review
  • [Language] eng
  • [Publication-type] Review
  • [Publication-country] UNITED STATES
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2. |......... 14%  Lee S, Lee J, Lee S, Bae Y: Oncoplastic breast surgery with latissimus dorsi myocutaneous flap for large defect in patients with ptotic breasts: is it feasible when combined with local flaps? World J Surg Oncol; 2014;12:65
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  • [Source] The source of this record is MEDLINE®, a database of the U.S. National Library of Medicine.
  • [Title] Oncoplastic breast surgery with latissimus dorsi myocutaneous flap for large defect in patients with ptotic breasts: is it feasible when combined with local flaps?
  • BACKGROUND: The latissimus dorsi myocutaneous flap (LDMCF) is frequently applied to breast cancer patients for breast reconstruction.
  • The authors investigated combining LDMCF and two local flaps for large defects of the breast after partial mastectomy in patients with ptosis.
  • Reconstruction methods consisted of LDMCF, thoraco-epigastric flap, and inferior pedicled rotational local flap, referred to as a combined pedicle flap.
  • CONCLUSION: The combined pedicle flap, consisting of LDMCF, thoraco-epigastric flap, and inferior pedicled rotational local flap, allows good cosmesis in breast cancer patients with large breasts or ptosis despite a wide excision.

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  • (PMID = 24669908.001).
  • [ISSN] 1477-7819
  • [Journal-full-title] World journal of surgical oncology
  • [ISO-abbreviation] World J Surg Oncol
  • [Language] eng
  • [Publication-type] Journal Article
  • [Publication-country] England
  • [Other-IDs] NLM/ PMC3974747
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3. |......... 12%  Cooper IF, Siadaty MS: 'Patient or Disabled Groups' associated with 'Myocutaneous Flap Procedures': Top Publications. BioMedLib Review; PatientOrDisabled;MyocutaneousFlapProcedures:706360990. ISSN: 2331-5717. 2014/7/26
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  • [Title] 'Patient or Disabled Groups' associated with 'Myocutaneous Flap Procedures': Top Publications.
  • There are articles published each month which present 'Patient or Disabled Group' for 'myocutaneous flap procedures'.
  • El-Marakby HH et al: Oncoplastic volume replacement with latissimus dorsi myocutaneous flap in patients with large ptotic breasts. Is it feasible?.
  • Lee S et al: Oncoplastic breast surgery with latissimus dorsi myocutaneous flap for large defect in patients with ptotic breasts: is it feasible when combined with local flaps?.
  • Jandali S et al: Free transverse rectus abdominis myocutaneous flap for breast reconstruction in patients with prior abdominal contouring procedures.
  • Muller CY et al: Laparoscopy in patients following transverse rectus abdominis myocutaneous flap reconstruction.
  • Daigeler A et al: The versatility of the pedicled vertical rectus abdominis myocutaneous flap in oncologic patients.
  • Karaaltin MV et al: The bipedicled latissimus dorsi myocutaneous free flap: clinical experience with 53 patients.
  • Castelli ML et al: Pectoralis major myocutaneous flap: analysis of complications in difficult patients.
  • Jena A et al: Outcomes of pectoralis major myocutaneous flap in female patients for oral cavity defect reconstruction.
  • He Y et al: [Immediate reconstruction of the mandibular detect in patients with osteoradionecrosis using reconstructive Ti-plate and pedicled pectoralis major myocutaneous flap].
  • Hanasono MM et al: A prospective study of donor-site morbidity after anterolateral thigh fasciocutaneous and myocutaneous free flap harvest in 220 patients.

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  • [Copyright] Copyright 2014 Siadaty and Cooper; licensee BioMedLib LLC.
  • (UID = 706360990.001).
  • [ISSN] 2331-5717
  • [Journal-full-title] BioMedLib Review
  • [Language] eng
  • [Publication-type] Review
  • [Publication-country] UNITED STATES
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4. |......... 7%  El-Marakby HH, Kotb MH: Oncoplastic volume replacement with latissimus dorsi myocutaneous flap in patients with large ptotic breasts. Is it feasible? J Egypt Natl Canc Inst; 2011 Dec;23(4):163-9
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  • [Source] The source of this record is MEDLINE®, a database of the U.S. National Library of Medicine.
  • [Title] Oncoplastic volume replacement with latissimus dorsi myocutaneous flap in patients with large ptotic breasts. Is it feasible?
  • The procedure involves tumour resection with an adequate safety margin and either breast reshaping with volume displacement procedures (large or ptotic breasts) or volume replacement with latissimus dorsi myocutaneous flap (LDF) (small to medium sized non-ptotic breasts).
  • AIM: Aim is to evaluate the feasibility of volume replacement oncoplastic breast conservative surgery with latissimus dorsi myocutaneous flaps for patients with large ptotic breasts.
  • There was no total flap loss in any patient where as we reported partial flap loss in two patients.
  • CONCLUSION: The results of the current study showed the feasibility and the versatility of volume replacement oncoplastic surgery in patients with large ptotic breasts with myocutaneous flaps.

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  • [Copyright] Copyright © 2011. Published by Elsevier B.V.
  • (PMID = 22776844.001).
  • [ISSN] 1110-0362
  • [Journal-full-title] Journal of the Egyptian National Cancer Institute
  • [ISO-abbreviation] J Egypt Natl Canc Inst
  • [Language] eng
  • [Publication-type] Journal Article
  • [Publication-country] Egypt
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5. |......... 7%  Yin XM, Li Y, Lü XZ, Zhang LT, Wang LC, Ren XX, Lu ZY: [Pectoralis major myocutaneous flap for repairing large tissue defects following oral cancer surgery]. Nan Fang Yi Ke Da Xue Xue Bao; 2010 Nov;30(11):2546-7
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  • [Source] The source of this record is MEDLINE®, a database of the U.S. National Library of Medicine.
  • [Title] [Pectoralis major myocutaneous flap for repairing large tissue defects following oral cancer surgery].
  • OBJECTIVE: To investigate the method for reconstruction of large tissue defects following surgical resection of advanced oral cancer using pectoralis major myocutaneous flap.
  • METHODS: From 2005 to 2009, 40 patients with advanced oral cancer received extensive surgical resection of oral cancer, and the intraoral defects were reconstructed using pectoralis major myocutaneous flaps.
  • RESULTS: All the flaps survived except one flap with partial necrosis.
  • CONCLUSION: Pectoralis major myocutaneous flap is effective for reconstruction of large tissue defects after resection of advanced oral cancer.

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  • (PMID = 21097429.001).
  • [ISSN] 1673-4254
  • [Journal-full-title] Nan fang yi ke da xue xue bao = Journal of Southern Medical University
  • [ISO-abbreviation] Nan Fang Yi Ke Da Xue Xue Bao
  • [Language] chi
  • [Publication-type] English Abstract; Journal Article; Research Support, U.S. Gov't, Non-P.H.S.
  • [Publication-country] China
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6. |......... 6%  Cooper IF, Siadaty MS: 'Steroids' associated with 'Trapezius Myocutaneous Flap': Top Publications. BioMedLib Review; Steroid;TrapeziusMyocutaneousFlap:705891866. ISSN: 2331-5717. 2014/5/2
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  • [Title] 'Steroids' associated with 'Trapezius Myocutaneous Flap': Top Publications.
  • Background: There are articles published each month which present 'steroid' for 'trapezius myocutaneous flap'.
  • Krespi YP et al: Flap reconstruction of the upper face: free flaps vs. lower trapezius myocutaneous flap.
  • Zheng XY et al: Extended lower trapezius myocutaneous flap in burn scar reconstruction of the face and neck of children.
  • Horch RE et al: The contralateral bilobed trapezius myocutaneous flap for closure of large defects of the dorsal neck permitting primary donor site closure.
  • Lee GK et al: Vertical island trapezius myocutaneous flap for cervical esophagoplasty: case report and review of the literature.
  • Maruyama Y et al: The definition of cutaneous vascular territories over the back using selective angiography and the intra-arterial injection of prostaglandin E1: some observations on the use of the lower trapezius myocutaneous flap.
  • Zhang H et al: [Applications of the island trapezius myocutaneous flap in oral maxillofacial surgery].
  • Peron JM et al: [Myocutaneous island flap of the lower trapezius. Its value in facial oncology practice].
  • Wang J: [Extra-long trapezius myocutaneous fascia flap for repairing burn scar contracture of the neck].
  • Cole I: The lower trapezius island myocutaneous flap for reconstruction of soft tissue of the lateral skullbase and neck.

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  • [Copyright] Copyright 2014 Siadaty and Cooper; licensee BioMedLib LLC.
  • (UID = 705891866.001).
  • [ISSN] 2331-5717
  • [Journal-full-title] BioMedLib Review
  • [Language] eng
  • [Publication-type] Review
  • [Publication-country] UNITED STATES
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7. ||........ 16%  Charanek AM: A bilobed thoracoabdominal myocutaneous flap for large thoracic defects. Ann Plast Surg; 2014 Apr;72(4):451-6
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  • [Source] The source of this record is MEDLINE®, a database of the U.S. National Library of Medicine.
  • [Title] A bilobed thoracoabdominal myocutaneous flap for large thoracic defects.
  • The author presents a surgical procedure for chest-wall soft tissue reconstruction due to large losses based on a modified thoracoabdominal myocutaneous flap.
  • These become indications for this flap, whose safety is improved by maintaining the deep fascia of the external oblique muscle attached to the flap to preserve the network of the arteries close to the fascia and a wide-ranging interarterial choke anastomosis alongside the lateral projection of the flap on the thorax.
  • The flap was used in 55 patients, and no serious complications, including necrosis, notable dehiscence, hematoma, seroma, or abdominal wall weakness, were observed.

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  • (PMID = 23503434.001).
  • [ISSN] 1536-3708
  • [Journal-full-title] Annals of plastic surgery
  • [ISO-abbreviation] Ann Plast Surg
  • [Language] eng
  • [Publication-type] Journal Article
  • [Publication-country] United States
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8. |......... 12%  Zhang YX, Messmer C, Pang FK, Ong YS, Feng SQ, Qian Y, Spinelli G, Agostini T, Levin LS, Lazzeri D: A novel design of the multilobed latissimus dorsi myocutaneous flap to achieve primary donor-site closure in the reconstruction of large defects. Plast Reconstr Surg; 2013 May;131(5):752e-8e
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  • [Source] The source of this record is MEDLINE®, a database of the U.S. National Library of Medicine.
  • [Title] A novel design of the multilobed latissimus dorsi myocutaneous flap to achieve primary donor-site closure in the reconstruction of large defects.
  • BACKGROUND: The main drawback of the latissimus dorsi myocutaneous flap for large defect repairs is the relatively small skin paddle size that can be raised to allow primary closure of the donor site.
  • In this article, the authors describe a novel design of the flap using multiple separate skin paddles, with each paddle nourished by independent perforators, to repair very large defects while maintaining primary donor-site closure.
  • After harvesting the flap, several smaller skin paddles were transferred and rejoined at the recipient site.
  • One case was complicated by partial necrosis of one paddle and required further local flap coverage.
  • CONCLUSIONS: The multilobed myocutaneous latissimus dorsi flap enables a customized reconstruction of large defects for all types of patients and direct closure of the donor site.


9. |......... 7%  Qu ZG, Liu YJ, He X, Ding XH, Fang GG: Use of pedicled latissimus dorsi myocutaneous flap to reconstruct the upper limb with large soft tissue defects. Chin J Traumatol; 2012;15(6):352-4
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  • [Source] The source of this record is MEDLINE®, a database of the U.S. National Library of Medicine.
  • [Title] Use of pedicled latissimus dorsi myocutaneous flap to reconstruct the upper limb with large soft tissue defects.
  • OBJECTIVE: To report the technique of reconstruction of large skin and soft tissue defects in the upper extremity using pedicled latissimus dorsi myocu-taneous flaps.
  • METHODS: Six patients with large skin and soft tissue defects were included in this report.
  • Pedicled latissimus dorsi myocutaneous flaps were designed according to the defect area and raised with part of latissimus dorsi.
  • RESULTS: All flaps healed primarily without flap congestion, margin necrosis or infection.
  • Follow-up of 6-12 months showed that the contour of flap was aesthetic and the function of limb was excellent.
  • CONCLUSION: Our experience indicates that the pedicled latissimus dorsi myocutaneous flap is favorable for reconstruction of large skin and soft tissue defects in the upper extremity.

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  • (PMID = 23186925.001).
  • [ISSN] 1008-1275
  • [Journal-full-title] Chinese journal of traumatology = Zhonghua chuang shang za zhi / Chinese Medical Association
  • [ISO-abbreviation] Chin. J. Traumatol.
  • [Language] eng
  • [Publication-type] Journal Article
  • [Publication-country] China
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10. |......... 7%  Zhao TL, Yu DJ, Xie XM, Zhang YT, Xu Y, Chen Q, Wu HR: [Island sternocleidomastoid myocutaneous flap for repairing the buccal composite tissue defect]. Zhonghua Zheng Xing Wai Ke Za Zhi; 2009 Sep;25(5):337-9
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  • [Source] The source of this record is MEDLINE®, a database of the U.S. National Library of Medicine.
  • [Title] [Island sternocleidomastoid myocutaneous flap for repairing the buccal composite tissue defect].
  • OBJECTIVE: To study the application of island sternocleidomastoid myocutaneous flap in repairing the buccal composite tissue defect especially penetrated tissue defect.
  • METHODS: The flap pedicle included upper part OF sternocleidomastoid muscle and occipital artery.
  • The distance between the pivot point and distal border of the defect was the length of the muscular flap.
  • The width of the flap was slightly larger than the defect, but should not be more than 7 cm.
  • The lower border of the flap should not exceed 2 cm below the collar bone.
  • The flap was elevated from the starting point of the sternocleidomastoid muscle and beneath it.
  • The flap was transferred to the defect through the tunnel between the pedicle and defect.
  • CONCLUSIONS: The island sternocleidomastoid myocutaneous flap is an ideal flap for large buccal composite tissue defect with reliable blood supply.

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  • (PMID = 20030108.001).
  • [ISSN] 1009-4598
  • [Journal-full-title] Zhonghua zheng xing wai ke za zhi = Zhonghua zhengxing waike zazhi = Chinese journal of plastic surgery
  • [ISO-abbreviation] Zhonghua Zheng Xing Wai Ke Za Zhi
  • [Language] chi
  • [Publication-type] English Abstract; Evaluation Studies; Journal Article
  • [Publication-country] China
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11. |......... 7%  Parekh A, Vecchiotti M, O'Leary M, Scott A: Lower island trapezius myocutaneous flap reconstruction of a large neck defect in an infant. Int J Pediatr Otorhinolaryngol; 2012 Dec;76(12):1852-4
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  • [Source] The source of this record is MEDLINE®, a database of the U.S. National Library of Medicine.
  • [Title] Lower island trapezius myocutaneous flap reconstruction of a large neck defect in an infant.
  • Free tissues transfer has been well-described in infants but there is limited data on techniques for reconstruction of large neck defects with regional myocutaneous flaps in this population.
  • We report on the use of a lower island trapezius myocutaneous flap to reconstruct a large posterior neck and occiput wound in an 18-month-old child.
  • The use of a regional myocutaneous flap allowed for reliable transfer of a relatively large volume of skin and soft tissue, providing coverage of the internal jugular vein and spinal accessory nerve as well as limiting the likelihood of debilitating scar contracture.

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  • [Copyright] Copyright © 2012 Elsevier Ireland Ltd. All rights reserved.
  • (PMID = 22959738.001).
  • [ISSN] 1872-8464
  • [Journal-full-title] International journal of pediatric otorhinolaryngology
  • [ISO-abbreviation] Int. J. Pediatr. Otorhinolaryngol.
  • [Language] eng
  • [Publication-type] Case Reports; Journal Article
  • [Publication-country] Ireland
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12. |......... 7%  Iblher N, Penna V, Krischak S, Stark GB: Simultaneous pectoralis major myocutaneous flap combined with breast reduction for sternal defect coverage. J Plast Reconstr Aesthet Surg; 2009 Aug;62(8):1076-80
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  • [Source] The source of this record is MEDLINE®, a database of the U.S. National Library of Medicine.
  • [Title] Simultaneous pectoralis major myocutaneous flap combined with breast reduction for sternal defect coverage.
  • BACKGROUND: The pectoralis myocutaneous island flap is a well established technique for tissue reconstruction.
  • The inferior pole of the breast and the inframammary fold coincide with the skin island territory of myocutaneous flaps supplied by the thoracoacromial artery.
  • METHODS: A technique is described where this tissue is preserved as the flap skin island in combination with a superior pedicle reduction mammoplasty.
  • RESULTS AND CONCLUSION: The technique is suitable in women with relative unilateral or absolute bilateral large breasts with a combined sternal defect and should be taken into consideration for respective cases.

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  • (PMID = 18539551.001).
  • [ISSN] 1878-0539
  • [Journal-full-title] Journal of plastic, reconstructive & aesthetic surgery : JPRAS
  • [ISO-abbreviation] J Plast Reconstr Aesthet Surg
  • [Language] eng
  • [Publication-type] Case Reports; Journal Article
  • [Publication-country] Netherlands
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13. |......... 7%  Boccola MA, Rozen WM, Ek EW, Teh BM, Croxford M, Grinsell D: Inferior gluteal artery myocutaneous island transposition flap reconstruction of irradiated perineal defects. J Plast Reconstr Aesthet Surg; 2010 Jul;63(7):1169-75
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  • [Source] The source of this record is MEDLINE®, a database of the U.S. National Library of Medicine.
  • [Title] Inferior gluteal artery myocutaneous island transposition flap reconstruction of irradiated perineal defects.
  • We present our technique of inferior gluteal artery myocutaneous (IGAM) transposition flaps for reconstruction after extended abdomino-perineal excision (APE) for anorectal cancer.
  • METHODS: Six consecutive male patients with T2/T3 rectal carcinoma underwent neoadjuvant chemo-radiotherapy followed by extended APE and immediate reconstruction with an islanded IGAM transposition flap.
  • RESULTS: In all cases, there were clear histological margins with no flap failures or partial flap losses, and no post-operative hernias.
  • There was no donor site morbidity evident following flap harvest.
  • CONCLUSION: The IGAM island transposition flap provides excellent tissue bulk, a large reliable skin paddle and a long pedicle that permits flexible positioning with tension free closure.

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  • [Copyright] Copyright 2009 British Association of Plastic, Reconstructive and Aesthetic Surgeons. Published by Elsevier Ltd. All rights reserved.
  • (PMID = 19574116.001).
  • [ISSN] 1878-0539
  • [Journal-full-title] Journal of plastic, reconstructive & aesthetic surgery : JPRAS
  • [ISO-abbreviation] J Plast Reconstr Aesthet Surg
  • [Language] eng
  • [Publication-type] Case Reports; Journal Article
  • [Publication-country] Netherlands
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14. |......... 7%  Di Mauro D, D'Hoore A, Penninckx F, De Wever I, Vergote I, Hierner R: V-Y Bilateral gluteus maximus myocutaneous advancement flap in the reconstruction of large perineal defects after resection of pelvic malignancies. Colorectal Dis; 2009 Jun;11(5):508-12
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  • [Source] The source of this record is MEDLINE®, a database of the U.S. National Library of Medicine.
  • [Title] V-Y Bilateral gluteus maximus myocutaneous advancement flap in the reconstruction of large perineal defects after resection of pelvic malignancies.
  • OBJECTIVE: To evaluate the role of the V-Y bilateral gluteus maximus myocutaneous flap (GLM) in the reconstruction of large perineal defects after wide surgical resections for pelvic malignancies.
  • The perineal defect was reconstructed by means of a GLM flap.
  • CONCLUSION: Gluteus maximus myocutaneus flap is a useful technique for the repair of perineo-pelvic defects after abdomino-perineal rectum excision with partial sacrectomy.

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  • (PMID = 18637929.001).
  • [ISSN] 1463-1318
  • [Journal-full-title] Colorectal disease : the official journal of the Association of Coloproctology of Great Britain and Ireland
  • [ISO-abbreviation] Colorectal Dis
  • [Language] eng
  • [Publication-type] Evaluation Studies; Journal Article
  • [Publication-country] England
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15. |......... 7%  Ferbeyre-Binelfa L: Lattissimus dorsi myocutaneous flap in head and neck surgery. Cir Cir; 2010 Nov-Dec;78(6):485-91
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  • [Source] The source of this record is MEDLINE®, a database of the U.S. National Library of Medicine.
  • [Title] Lattissimus dorsi myocutaneous flap in head and neck surgery.
  • BACKGROUND: Latissimus dorsi flap was the first myocutaneous flap reported in the literature.
  • Quillen in 1978 used it as a pedicled flap for the first time in the head and neck region.
  • METHODS: We performed a retrospective review of the clinical charts of 30 consecutive patients with various cancers admitted to the Institute of Oncology in Havana, Cuba between September 1998 and August 2002 and who underwent latissimus dorsi myocutaneous flap (LDMF) reconstruction.
  • RESULTS: Tissue coverage was provided for eight large defects of the skin and soft tissues of the neck, ten hypopharyngoesophageal resections, eight oral cavity resections including two with full thickness loss of the cheek, two large parotid skin defects and two orbitomaxillary defects.
  • Complete flap necrosis was present in three cases, all with hypopharyngoesophageal reconstructions.


16. |......... 7%  Davison SP, Capone AC: Scalp reconstruction with inverted myocutaneous latissimus free flap and unmeshed skin graft. J Reconstr Microsurg; 2011 May;27(4):261-6
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  • [Source] The source of this record is MEDLINE®, a database of the U.S. National Library of Medicine.
  • [Title] Scalp reconstruction with inverted myocutaneous latissimus free flap and unmeshed skin graft.
  • Limited skin paddle size, peripheral thinning, or lack of cerebral expansion after radiotherapy may necessitate secondary sculpting after latissimus free flap reconstruction of large scalp defects.
  • This series presents a novel modification of the myocutaneous latissimus dorsi free flap for use in large scalp defects.
  • The myocutaneous latissimus flap is harvested in standard fashion, deepithelialized, and inverted.
  • The flap is sewn to the scalp internally using a vest-over-pants suture pattern, and the thoracodorsal and superficial temporal vessels are anastomosed and left facing outward.
  • Patients with complex scalp defects whose soft tissue defect exceeded the size of latissimus skin paddle available with primary closure were considered eligible for inverted latissimus free flap reconstruction.
  • Over a 2-year period, five patients underwent inverted latissimus free flap reconstruction.
  • All flap donor sites were closed primarily.
  • The inverted myocutaneous latissimus free flap is a safe and effective method for reconstructing large or irradiated scalp defects.

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  • [Copyright] © Thieme Medical Publishers.
  • (PMID = 21432749.001).
  • [ISSN] 1098-8947
  • [Journal-full-title] Journal of reconstructive microsurgery
  • [ISO-abbreviation] J Reconstr Microsurg
  • [Language] eng
  • [Publication-type] Journal Article
  • [Publication-country] United States
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17. |......... 6%  Minni A, Mascelli A, Suriano M: The infrahyoid myocutaneous flap in intra-oral reconstruction as an alternative to free flaps. Acta Otolaryngol; 2010 Jun;130(6):733-8
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  • [Source] The source of this record is MEDLINE®, a database of the U.S. National Library of Medicine.
  • [Title] The infrahyoid myocutaneous flap in intra-oral reconstruction as an alternative to free flaps.
  • CONCLUSIONS: In our experience, monolateral or bilateral infrahyoid myocutaneous flap is less time-consuming and reduces the complication rate and the operation time in both small and large defects if compared with other authors' experience using a microvascular anastomosed flap.
  • OBJECTIVE: The aim of this study was to describe our results in reconstructive surgery after cancer ablation using the less popular infrahyoid myocutaneous flap as an alternative method to free flaps.
  • METHODS: This was a retrospective study: 32 patients with squamous cell carcinoma of the tongue were surgically treated using a pure infrahyoid myocutaneous neurovascular flap.
  • RESULTS: The flap was successful in all cases without flap necrosis, fistula or complications in the donor site.
  • After radiation therapy, flap tissues remained sufficiently soft, trophic and mobile.

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  • (PMID = 19968608.001).
  • [ISSN] 1651-2251
  • [Journal-full-title] Acta oto-laryngologica
  • [ISO-abbreviation] Acta Otolaryngol.
  • [Language] eng
  • [Publication-type] Journal Article
  • [Publication-country] England
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18. |......... 6%  Schmidt VJ, Horch RE, Dragu A, Beier JP, Eyüpoglu IY, Hirsch A, Kneser U: Myocutaneous propeller flap based on the superior gluteal artery (SGA) for closure of large lumbosacral meningomyelocoele defects: a case report. J Plast Reconstr Aesthet Surg; 2012 Apr;65(4):521-4
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  • [Source] The source of this record is MEDLINE®, a database of the U.S. National Library of Medicine.
  • [Title] Myocutaneous propeller flap based on the superior gluteal artery (SGA) for closure of large lumbosacral meningomyelocoele defects: a case report.
  • Early and reliable closure of large meningomyelocoele defects in newborns is critical to prevent severe infectious complications and neurologic deterioration.
  • Here, we introduce a new surgical method for the reconstruction of large horizontal meningomyelocoele defects, in which we use unilateral myocutaneous tissue based on the superior gluteal artery (SGA) as a propellar flap.
  • This procedure permits a tension-free and durable multilayer closure of difficult, large-scale horizontal defects that cannot adequately be treated by conventional myocutaneous advancement flaps.
  • The SGA-based myocutaneous propeller flap might be a promising alternative for complex meningomyelocoele reconstructions in the future.

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  • [Copyright] Copyright © 2011 British Association of Plastic, Reconstructive and Aesthetic Surgeons. Published by Elsevier Ltd. All rights reserved.
  • (PMID = 21873132.001).
  • [ISSN] 1878-0539
  • [Journal-full-title] Journal of plastic, reconstructive & aesthetic surgery : JPRAS
  • [ISO-abbreviation] J Plast Reconstr Aesthet Surg
  • [Language] eng
  • [Publication-type] Case Reports; Journal Article
  • [Publication-country] Netherlands
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19. |......... 6%  Chen WL, Zhang B, Wang JG, Yang ZH, Huang ZQ, Zhang DM: Reconstruction of large defects of the neck using an extended vertical lower trapezius island myocutaneous flap following salvage surgery for neck recurrence of oral carcinoma. J Plast Reconstr Aesthet Surg; 2011 Mar;64(3):319-22
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  • [Source] The source of this record is MEDLINE®, a database of the U.S. National Library of Medicine.
  • [Title] Reconstruction of large defects of the neck using an extended vertical lower trapezius island myocutaneous flap following salvage surgery for neck recurrence of oral carcinoma.
  • This article describes the extended vertical lower trapezius island myocutaneous flap for reconstructing large defects of the neck.
  • A total of 11 patients with neck recurrence of oral carcinoma were treated using salvage surgery and an extended vertical lower trapezius island myocutaneous flap based on the transverse cervical artery was used to repair the large defect in the neck.
  • No major flap failure occurred.
  • The extended vertical lower trapezius island myocutaneous flap is a large, simple and reliable flap, which is a salvage flap preferred for reconstructing large defects of the neck following the ablation of neck recurrence of oral carcinoma.

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  • [Copyright] Copyright © 2010 British Association of Plastic, Reconstructive and Aesthetic Surgeons. Published by Elsevier Ltd. All rights reserved.
  • (PMID = 20541988.001).
  • [ISSN] 1878-0539
  • [Journal-full-title] Journal of plastic, reconstructive & aesthetic surgery : JPRAS
  • [ISO-abbreviation] J Plast Reconstr Aesthet Surg
  • [Language] eng
  • [Publication-type] Journal Article
  • [Publication-country] Netherlands
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20. |......... 6%  Hallock GG: The total pectoralis major muscle myocutaneous free flap. J Reconstr Microsurg; 2013 Sep;29(7):461-4
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  • [Source] The source of this record is MEDLINE®, a database of the U.S. National Library of Medicine.
  • [Title] The total pectoralis major muscle myocutaneous free flap.
  • Even though the pectoralis major muscle has many similarities to the latissimus dorsi muscle, only the latter has a reputation as a "workhorse" free flap.
  • Nevertheless, the former in special circumstances can provide a muscle flap of comparable surface area when used in its totality along with a skin paddle, with a consistent pedicle of large caliber, that causes minimal functional disturbance.
  • Nevertheless, the total pectoralis major muscle myocutaneous flap may be the largest free flap available when the patient must be kept in a supine position and no perforator flaps are reasonably available.
  • [MeSH-major] Abdomen / surgery. Myocutaneous Flap / blood supply. Obesity, Morbid / surgery. Pectoralis Muscles / transplantation. Reconstructive Surgical Procedures. Skin Ulcer / surgery

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  • [Copyright] Thieme Medical Publishers 333 Seventh Avenue, New York, NY 10001, USA.
  • (PMID = 23616253.001).
  • [ISSN] 1098-8947
  • [Journal-full-title] Journal of reconstructive microsurgery
  • [ISO-abbreviation] J Reconstr Microsurg
  • [Language] eng
  • [Publication-type] Case Reports; Journal Article
  • [Publication-country] United States
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21. |......... 6%  Lin Y, Zhu H, Liu J, Wang H: [Modified sternocleidomastoid myocutaneous flap for reconstruction of soft tissue defects following tumorectomy of maxillofacial region]. Zhongguo Xiu Fu Chong Jian Wai Ke Za Zhi; 2010 Apr;24(4):452-4
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  • [Source] The source of this record is MEDLINE®, a database of the U.S. National Library of Medicine.
  • [Title] [Modified sternocleidomastoid myocutaneous flap for reconstruction of soft tissue defects following tumorectomy of maxillofacial region].
  • OBJECTIVE: To investigate clinical effect and prognosis of the modified sternocleidomastoid (MSCM) myocutaneous flap for reconstruction of tissue defects in patients with oral carcinomas undergoing tumorectomy.
  • METHODS: From April 2001 to January 2007, 43 patients with large or medium-sized tissue defects because of oral carcinomas radical operation were treated with MSCM myocutaneous flap.
  • Both the ranges of soft tissue defects and the flap were from 4 cm x 3 cm to 8 cm x 6 cm.
  • RESULTS: Necrosis of quarter MSCM myocutaneous flap occurred in 3 cases 1 week after operation, wounds healed by secondary intention after dressing; other flaps were survival.
  • CONCLUSION: MSCM myocutaneous flap is simple to perform and effective in reconstruction of tissue defects for patients with oral carcinomas.

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  • (PMID = 20459009.001).
  • [ISSN] 1002-1892
  • [Journal-full-title] Zhongguo xiu fu chong jian wai ke za zhi = Zhongguo xiufu chongjian waike zazhi = Chinese journal of reparative and reconstructive surgery
  • [ISO-abbreviation] Zhongguo Xiu Fu Chong Jian Wai Ke Za Zhi
  • [Language] chi
  • [Publication-type] English Abstract; Evaluation Studies; Journal Article; Research Support, Non-U.S. Gov't
  • [Publication-country] China
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22. |......... 6%  Hierner R, Reynders-Frederix P, Bellemans J, Stuyck J, Peeters W: Free myocutaneous latissimus dorsi flap transfer in total knee arthroplasty. J Plast Reconstr Aesthet Surg; 2009 Dec;62(12):1692-700
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  • [Source] The source of this record is MEDLINE®, a database of the U.S. National Library of Medicine.
  • [Title] Free myocutaneous latissimus dorsi flap transfer in total knee arthroplasty.
  • The purpose of this article is to present our experience with free myocutaneous latissimus dorsi flap transfer in total knee arthroplasty in case of insufficient soft tissue prior to operation ('prophylactic indication').
  • Fourteen patients who underwent simultaneous flap surgery in the context of total knee arthroplasty because of insufficient soft tissue are reviewed in a retrospective clinical study.
  • Insufficient soft tissue resulted from multiple previous operations in 10 patients and large post-traumatic defects in four patients.
  • Secondary skin grafting was carried out in four patients and a fasciocutaneous flap in one patient.
  • A free myocutaneous latissimus dorsi flap transfer is rarely indicated in total knee arthroplasty and should only be considered for defects which cannot be covered by a pedicled (medial gastrocnemius) flap.

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  • (PMID = 19071073.001).
  • [ISSN] 1878-0539
  • [Journal-full-title] Journal of plastic, reconstructive & aesthetic surgery : JPRAS
  • [ISO-abbreviation] J Plast Reconstr Aesthet Surg
  • [Language] eng
  • [Publication-type] Case Reports; Journal Article
  • [Publication-country] Netherlands
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23. |......... 6%  Hu YC, Xu XS, Ou CS, Chen K, Zhou YS, Li BT, Zhou HY: [Repair of high-voltage electric burn in jaw and neck region with insular pectoralis major myocutaneous flap]. Zhonghua Shao Shang Za Zhi; 2009 Feb;25(1):22-4
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  • [Source] The source of this record is MEDLINE®, a database of the U.S. National Library of Medicine.
  • [Title] [Repair of high-voltage electric burn in jaw and neck region with insular pectoralis major myocutaneous flap].
  • OBJECTIVE: To evaluate the effect of insular pectoralis major myocutaneous flap on repair of jaw and neck tissue defect as a result of high-voltage electric burn.
  • METHODS: Eighteen patients with large area tissue defect in jaw and neck caused by high-voltage electric burn hospitalized from August 2001 to December 2007 were repaired with insular pectoralis major myocutaneous flap.
  • CONCLUSIONS: Pectoralis major muscle island myocutaneous flap has the advantage of large tissue mass, with thin and flat muscle belly, and rich blood supply, which is suitable for repair of large deep tissue defect in jaw and neck.

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  • (PMID = 19588756.001).
  • [ISSN] 1009-2587
  • [Journal-full-title] Zhonghua shao shang za zhi = Zhonghua shaoshang zazhi = Chinese journal of burns
  • [ISO-abbreviation] Zhonghua Shao Shang Za Zhi
  • [Language] chi
  • [Publication-type] English Abstract; Journal Article
  • [Publication-country] China
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24. |......... 6%  Del Frari B, Schoeller T, Wechselberger G: Reconstruction of large head and neck deformities: experience with free gracilis muscle and myocutaneous flaps. Microsurgery; 2010;30(3):192-8
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  • [Source] The source of this record is MEDLINE®, a database of the U.S. National Library of Medicine.
  • [Title] Reconstruction of large head and neck deformities: experience with free gracilis muscle and myocutaneous flaps.
  • The authors describe their experience with the gracilis free flap and the myocutaneous gracilis free flap with reconstruction of head and neck defects.
  • The reconstruction was performed with the transverse myocutaneous gracilis (TMG) flap (n = 7) and the gracilis muscle flap with skin graft (n = 5).
  • Total flap survival was 100%.
  • There were no partial flap losses.
  • In our experience for reconstruction of moderate volume and surface area defects, muscle flaps with skin graft provide a better color match and skin texture relative to myocutaneous or fasciocutaneous flaps.
  • The gracilis muscle free flap is not widely used for head and neck reconstruction but has the potential to give good results.
  • As a filling substance for large cavities, the transverse myocutaneus gracilis flap has many advantages including reliable vascular anatomy, relatively great plasticity and a concealed donor area.


25. |......... 6%  Yang ZH, Zhang DM, Chen WL, Wang YY, Fan S: Reconstruction of through-and-through oral cavity defects with folded extended vertical lower trapezius island myocutaneous flap. Br J Oral Maxillofac Surg; 2013 Dec;51(8):731-5
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  • [Source] The source of this record is MEDLINE®, a database of the U.S. National Library of Medicine.
  • [Title] Reconstruction of through-and-through oral cavity defects with folded extended vertical lower trapezius island myocutaneous flap.
  • In this clinical study we assessed the feasibility of the folded, extended, vertical, lower trapezius island myocutaneous flap (TIMF) for the reconstruction of 16 large through-and-through defects of the oral cavity, which were reconstructed after resection of oral cancer.
  • The folded flap provides both inner and outer linings for through-and-through defects, and all the flaps survived.
  • The folded extended vertical lower TIMF is a large, simple, and reliable flap that is preferred for the reconstruction of large through-and-through defects after resection of oral carcinoma.

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  • [Copyright] Copyright © 2013 The British Association of Oral and Maxillofacial Surgeons. Published by Elsevier Ltd. All rights reserved.
  • (PMID = 24090763.001).
  • [ISSN] 1532-1940
  • [Journal-full-title] The British journal of oral & maxillofacial surgery
  • [ISO-abbreviation] Br J Oral Maxillofac Surg
  • [Language] eng
  • [Publication-type] Journal Article; Research Support, Non-U.S. Gov't
  • [Publication-country] Scotland
  • [Keywords] NOTNLM ; Cheek defect / Head and neck reconstruction / Oral cavity defect / Pedicle flap / Trapezius flap
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26. |......... 6%  Noda M, Endo C, Hosaka T, Sado T, Sakurada A, Hoshikawa Y, Okada Y, Kondo T: Dedifferentiated chondrosarcoma of the chest wall: reconstruction with polypropylene mesh using a transverse rectus abdominis myocutaneous flap. Gen Thorac Cardiovasc Surg; 2011 Mar;59(3):199-201
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  • [Title] Dedifferentiated chondrosarcoma of the chest wall: reconstruction with polypropylene mesh using a transverse rectus abdominis myocutaneous flap.
  • After resection, the chest wall defect was reconstructed using polypropylene mesh and a transverse rectus abdominis myocutaneous flap.
  • After percutaneous biopsy, preoperative cytopathological examination of the large mass revealed dedifferentiated chondrosarcoma.
  • The chest wall defect was reconstructed with a polypropylene (Marlex) mesh sheet followed by a left-side transverse rectus abdominis myocutaneous flap.

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  • (PMID = 21448800.001).
  • [ISSN] 1863-6713
  • [Journal-full-title] General thoracic and cardiovascular surgery
  • [ISO-abbreviation] Gen Thorac Cardiovasc Surg
  • [Language] eng
  • [Publication-type] Case Reports; Journal Article
  • [Publication-country] Japan
  • [Chemical-registry-number] 0 / Polypropylenes
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27. |......... 6%  Hamvas B, Mucs M, Varga I, Szilágyi A, Altorjay A: [Reconstruction of large tissue loss of the anus and perineum with bilateral inferior gluteal and right gracilis myocutaneous flaps]. Magy Seb; 2011 Oct;64(5):249-53
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  • [Title] [Reconstruction of large tissue loss of the anus and perineum with bilateral inferior gluteal and right gracilis myocutaneous flaps].
  • The large tissue loss of the anal and perineal region was covered by bilateral gluteus maximus myocutaneous flaps, and the loss of the pelvic musculature and the remaining pelvic skin loss were replaced by a right gracilis myocutaneous flap.
  • There was no flap necrosis noted and an incomplete lesion of the proximal urethra healed after direct suturing.
  • The patient was allowed to lye on the flap in the second postoperative month and sitting on the third month.
  • We believe that in cases of large, ulcerating anal tumours, when direct closure would be impossible due to massive tissue loss after resection, quality of life can be significantly improved by resection and closure with myocutaneous flaps.

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  • (PMID = 21997531.001).
  • [ISSN] 0025-0295
  • [Journal-full-title] Magyar sebészet
  • [ISO-abbreviation] Magy Seb
  • [Language] hun
  • [Publication-type] Case Reports; English Abstract; Journal Article
  • [Publication-country] Hungary
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28. |......... 6%  Villa M, Saint-Cyr M, Wong C, Butler CE: Extended vertical rectus abdominis myocutaneous flap for pelvic reconstruction: three-dimensional and four-dimensional computed tomography angiographic perfusion study and clinical outcome analysis. Plast Reconstr Surg; 2011 Jan;127(1):200-9
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  • [Source] The source of this record is MEDLINE®, a database of the U.S. National Library of Medicine.
  • [Title] Extended vertical rectus abdominis myocutaneous flap for pelvic reconstruction: three-dimensional and four-dimensional computed tomography angiographic perfusion study and clinical outcome analysis.
  • BACKGROUND: The extended vertical rectus abdominis myocutaneous (eVRAM) flap includes skin and subcutaneous fat extending from the costal margin to the anterior axillary line.
  • The authors hypothesized that the eVRAM flap would have adequate perfusion throughout the extended portion and be reliable for pelvic reconstruction.
  • Iodinated contrast material was injected into the deep inferior epigastric artery of each flap, and three- and four-dimensional computed tomography (three-dimensional and four-dimensional computed tomography) angiography was performed.
  • In the clinical study, the surgical outcomes of all patients who underwent repair of pelvic defects with a pedicled eVRAM flap between 2004 and 2008 were retrospectively evaluated.
  • RESULTS: Three-dimensional and four-dimensional computed tomography demonstrated connections between adjacent intercostal and superior epigastric artery vascular territories that provided a robust blood supply to the flap extension.
  • Low rates of donor-site and recipient-site complications and good distal flap perfusion were observed when a pedicled eVRAM flap was used for pelvic reconstruction.
  • The eVRAM flap is a reliable option for pelvic reconstruction requiring large tissue volume and/or additional flap reach.

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  • (PMID = 21200212.001).
  • [ISSN] 1529-4242
  • [Journal-full-title] Plastic and reconstructive surgery
  • [ISO-abbreviation] Plast. Reconstr. Surg.
  • [Language] eng
  • [Publication-type] Journal Article
  • [Publication-country] United States
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29. |......... 6%  Fankhauser G, Klomp A, Smith A, Rececca A, Casey W 3rd: Use of the pedicled tensor fascia lata myocutaneous flap in the salvage of upper extremity high-voltage electrical injuries. J Burn Care Res; 2010 Jul-Aug;31(4):670-3
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  • [Source] The source of this record is MEDLINE®, a database of the U.S. National Library of Medicine.
  • [Title] Use of the pedicled tensor fascia lata myocutaneous flap in the salvage of upper extremity high-voltage electrical injuries.
  • After debridement, flap coverage is required to preserve viable but exposed tendons, nerves, vessels, bones, and joints and to salvage these seriously injured upper extremities.
  • Flap options are generally limited to large pedicle flaps or free tissue transfer.
  • Despite the array of flaps available, surgical options become limited when upper extremity injuries are extensive or the initial flap fails.
  • The most commonly used pedicle flap, the groin flap, may not provide adequate soft tissue coverage in these cases.
  • In addition, free tissue transfer can be difficult due, in part, to the uncertainty in determining the complete zone of injury and whether the flap recipient vessels are suitable for the transfer.An ideal flap for coverage would be relatively thin and pliable; have a constant, reliable pedicle; and be large enough to cover wounds of significant size.
  • Few surgeons have experience with the pedicled tensor fascia lata (TFL) flap for upper extremity coverage.
  • We believe that this flap offers a distinct advantage compared with the groin flap when pedicled flap coverage of the upper extremity is required.
  • After serial debridements, a pedicled TFL myocutaneous flap was used to provide soft tissue coverage of this extensive injury.
  • The flap was delayed at 2 weeks and inset at 3 weeks.
  • There was complete survival of the flap, leading to salvage of the extremity.
  • The patient subsequently underwent simultaneous bilateral pedicled TFL myocutaneous flaps.
  • There was complete flap survival bilaterally, leading to salvage of both upper extremities.Limb salvage in severe upper extremity electrical injuries is difficult even in the best circumstances.
  • Dependable flap coverage is mandatory to prevent infection and avoid the need for early or late amputation.
  • The pedicled TFL flap in our series of patients has served to be a dependable flap in these severe upper extremity injuries and should be added to the surgical armamentarium of those caring for these difficult surgical problems.

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  • (PMID = 20523227.001).
  • [ISSN] 1559-0488
  • [Journal-full-title] Journal of burn care & research : official publication of the American Burn Association
  • [ISO-abbreviation] J Burn Care Res
  • [Language] eng
  • [Publication-type] Case Reports; Journal Article
  • [Publication-country] United States
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30. |......... 6%  Gaster RS, Bhatt KA, Shelton AA, Lee GK: Free transverse rectus abdominis myocutaneous flap reconstruction of a massive lumbosacral defect using superior gluteal artery perforator vessels. Microsurgery; 2012 Jul;32(5):388-92
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  • [Source] The source of this record is MEDLINE®, a database of the U.S. National Library of Medicine.
  • [Title] Free transverse rectus abdominis myocutaneous flap reconstruction of a massive lumbosacral defect using superior gluteal artery perforator vessels.
  • We report a case of a 64-year-old male who presented with a large sacral Marjolin's ulcer secondary to recurrent pilonidal cysts and ulcerations.
  • The massive defect was successfully covered with a free transverse rectus abdominis myocutaneous flap, providing a well-vascularized skin paddle and obviating the need for a latissimus flap with skin graft.
  • The free-TRAM flap proved to be a very robust flap in this situation and would be one of our flaps of choice for similar defects.

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  • [Copyright] Copyright © 2012 Wiley Periodicals, Inc.
  • (PMID = 22473859.001).
  • [ISSN] 1098-2752
  • [Journal-full-title] Microsurgery
  • [ISO-abbreviation] Microsurgery
  • [Language] eng
  • [Publication-type] Case Reports; Journal Article
  • [Publication-country] United States
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31. |......... 6%  Rauchfuss F, Bader RD, Dittmar Y, Schultze-Mosgau S, Settmacher U, Scheuerlein H: [The latissimus dorsi myocutaneous free flap--a salvage option for abdominal wall reconstruction in complex incisional hernias]. Handchir Mikrochir Plast Chir; 2012 Apr;44(2):93-6
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  • [Source] The source of this record is MEDLINE®, a database of the U.S. National Library of Medicine.
  • [Title] [The latissimus dorsi myocutaneous free flap--a salvage option for abdominal wall reconstruction in complex incisional hernias].
  • The main problem is the covering of the defect after the resection of large proportions of low-grade tissue.
  • In this work, we describe 2 patients who underwent complex reconstruction of recurrent incisional hernias using a bovine pericardium mesh (Tutomesh®) and a latissimus dorsi myocutaneous free flap.

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  • [Copyright] © Georg Thieme Verlag KG Stuttgart · New York.
  • (PMID = 22495961.001).
  • [ISSN] 1439-3980
  • [Journal-full-title] Handchirurgie, Mikrochirurgie, plastische Chirurgie : Organ der Deutschsprachigen Arbeitsgemeinschaft für Handchirurgie : Organ der Deutschsprachigen Arbeitsgemeinschaft für Mikrochirurgie der Peripheren Nerven und Gefässe : Organ der Vereinigung der Deutschen Plastischen Chirurgen
  • [ISO-abbreviation] Handchir Mikrochir Plast Chir
  • [Language] ger
  • [Publication-type] Case Reports; English Abstract; Journal Article
  • [Publication-country] Germany
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32. |......... 6%  Zhang GL, Chen KM, Zhang JH, Wang SY: Repair of a large soft tissue defect in the leg with cross-leg bridge free transfer of a latissimus dorsi myocutaneous flap: a case report. Chin J Traumatol; 2012;15(6):373-5
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  • [Source] The source of this record is MEDLINE®, a database of the U.S. National Library of Medicine.
  • [Title] Repair of a large soft tissue defect in the leg with cross-leg bridge free transfer of a latissimus dorsi myocutaneous flap: a case report.
  • It was an open fracture of the left tibia and fibula accompanied by a large soft tissue defect (27 cm multiply 7 cm).
  • Three weeks after injury, the latissimus dors myocutaneous flap was elevated with a T-shaped vascular pedicle and was interposed between the two vascular ends of the posterior tibial vessel of the contralateral leg.
  • Two end to end anastomoses were performed between the two vascular ends of the posterior tibial vessel of the contralateral leg and the latissimus dors myocutaneous flap's T-shaped vascular pedicle.
  • The latissimus dorsi myocutaneous flap was used for repair of a large soft tissue defect of the left leg.
  • The vascular pedicle was cut off after 28 days and the flap survived completely.

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  • (PMID = 23186931.001).
  • [ISSN] 1008-1275
  • [Journal-full-title] Chinese journal of traumatology = Zhonghua chuang shang za zhi / Chinese Medical Association
  • [ISO-abbreviation] Chin. J. Traumatol.
  • [Language] eng
  • [Publication-type] Journal Article
  • [Publication-country] China
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33. |......... 6%  Karaaltin MV, Erdem A, Canter I, Cavdar G, Baghaki S: The bipedicled latissimus dorsi myocutaneous free flap: clinical experience with 53 patients. Microsurgery; 2010;30(3):179-84
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  • [Source] The source of this record is MEDLINE®, a database of the U.S. National Library of Medicine.
  • [Title] The bipedicled latissimus dorsi myocutaneous free flap: clinical experience with 53 patients.
  • The Latissimus dorsi musculocutaneous flap is a valuable workhorse of the microsurgeon, especially in closing large body defects.
  • One of the pitfalls in harvesting the flap, is particularly in its inferior aspect which may be unreliable.
  • The wound sizes in these patients ranged between 31-35 x 10-12 cm and flap dimensions were between 38-48 x 6-8 cm.
  • In conclusion coverage of large defects can be safely performed with extending the skin paddle of latissimus dorsi flap as a bipedicled free flap.

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  • (PMID = 19957313.001).
  • [ISSN] 1098-2752
  • [Journal-full-title] Microsurgery
  • [ISO-abbreviation] Microsurgery
  • [Language] eng
  • [Publication-type] Case Reports; Journal Article
  • [Publication-country] United States
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34. |......... 6%  Gadre KS, Gadre P, Sane VD, Halli R, Doshi P, Modi S: Pectoralis major myocutaneous flap--still a workhorse for maxillofacial reconstruction in developing countries. J Oral Maxillofac Surg; 2013 Nov;71(11):2005.e1-2005.e10
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  • [Source] The source of this record is MEDLINE®, a database of the U.S. National Library of Medicine.
  • [Title] Pectoralis major myocutaneous flap--still a workhorse for maxillofacial reconstruction in developing countries.
  • PURPOSE: To retrospectively evaluate the utility of the pectoralis major myocutaneous (PMMC) flap for head, face, and neck (HFN) reconstruction in the Indian population.
  • MATERIALS AND METHODS: The hospital records of 496 patients in whom the PMMC flap was used (saving the deltopectoral flap) for reconstruction of HFN defects from January 1991 to December 2010 were reviewed retrospectively.
  • All the patients were followed up for a minimum period of 6 months, and the utility of the PMMC flap was evaluated for HFN reconstruction.
  • The complications included complete flap failure in 12, partial skin paddle loss in 24, wound infection in 12, peripheral wound dehiscence in 16, plate exposure in 12, and donor site morbidity such as infection and a decrease in function in 8.
  • CONCLUSIONS: The PMMC flap or its modification was used in 496 cases of reconstruction after resection surgery for malignancy of the HFN region with minimal morbidity and 1 death.
  • This technique is a useful alternative in places with a high incidence of HFN malignancies and microsurgical free tissue transfer is not possible or as a salvage procedure in selected large, full-thickness, oral cavity lesions.
  • In our 19-year experience, the final functional and cosmetic results were satisfactory with this sturdy flap.
  • [MeSH-major] Developing Countries. Myocutaneous Flap / transplantation. Pectoralis Muscles / transplantation. Reconstructive Surgical Procedures / methods

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  • [Copyright] Copyright © 2013 American Association of Oral and Maxillofacial Surgeons. Published by Elsevier Inc. All rights reserved.
  • (PMID = 24135523.001).
  • [ISSN] 1531-5053
  • [Journal-full-title] Journal of oral and maxillofacial surgery : official journal of the American Association of Oral and Maxillofacial Surgeons
  • [ISO-abbreviation] J. Oral Maxillofac. Surg.
  • [Language] eng
  • [Publication-type] Journal Article
  • [Publication-country] United States
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35. |......... 6%  Simunovic F, Koulaxouzidis G, Stark GB, Torio-Padron N: Infraareolar pectoralis major myocutaneous island flap as treatment of first choice for deep sternal wound infection. J Plast Reconstr Aesthet Surg; 2013 Feb;66(2):187-92
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  • [Source] The source of this record is MEDLINE®, a database of the U.S. National Library of Medicine.
  • [Title] Infraareolar pectoralis major myocutaneous island flap as treatment of first choice for deep sternal wound infection.
  • There is general consensus that optimal treatment comprises radical debridement followed by coverage with a vascularised flap.
  • We present our experience with the infraareolar pectoralis major island myocutaneous flap (PEC-MI flap) as treatment of first choice in DSWI.
  • Following a retrospective chart review, data pertaining to patient demographics, type of cardiac surgery performed, prevalence of known DSWI risk factors, identified pathogens, duration of surgery, flap-related complications, duration of hospital stay and antibiotic therapy, as well as mortality were noted.
  • Twenty-five patients underwent coverage with the PEC-MI flap in our department.
  • Two cases required coverage with an additional regional flap.
  • The PEC-MI flap has been used as flap of first choice in our clinic for treatment of DSWI.
  • It is sufficient to raise the flap unilaterally, and it does not require skin grafting.
  • The combination of immunocompetent bulky muscle tissue used to obliterate the sternal cavity and the large skin paddle enabling a low-tension skin closure allows reliable and efficient treatment of this severe complication.

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  • [Copyright] Copyright © 2012 British Association of Plastic, Reconstructive and Aesthetic Surgeons. Published by Elsevier Ltd. All rights reserved.
  • (PMID = 23102609.001).
  • [ISSN] 1878-0539
  • [Journal-full-title] Journal of plastic, reconstructive & aesthetic surgery : JPRAS
  • [ISO-abbreviation] J Plast Reconstr Aesthet Surg
  • [Language] eng
  • [Publication-type] Comparative Study; Journal Article
  • [Publication-country] Netherlands
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36. |......... 6%  Welkoborsky HJ, Deichmüller C, Bauer L, Hinni ML: Reconstruction of large pharyngeal defects with microvascular free flaps and myocutaneous pedicled flaps. Curr Opin Otolaryngol Head Neck Surg; 2013 Aug;21(4):318-27
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  • [Source] The source of this record is MEDLINE®, a database of the U.S. National Library of Medicine.
  • [Title] Reconstruction of large pharyngeal defects with microvascular free flaps and myocutaneous pedicled flaps.
  • PURPOSE OF REVIEW: The current review will focus on the therapeutic options for reconstruction of large and complex defects of the oropharynx and hypopharynx, and the cervical esophagus following surgery for squamous cell carcinoma.
  • The advantages and disadvantages of pedicled flaps, including the pectoralis major myocutaneous flap (PMMF) and supraclavicular artery flap (SAF), as well as the fasciocutaneous free flaps, including the radial forearm free flap (RFFF), the anterolateral thigh flap (ALT), and the jejunum free flap, are reviewed with particular emphasis on the literature from the past 2 years.
  • When large mucosal surfaces need reconstruction, RFFF seems to be the most utilized.
  • Nevertheless in reviewing the literature, no specific pedicled or free flap seems superior over other options.
  • Due to its great versatility, good reported functional and oncological outcomes, and reduced overall complication rate, the ALT flap warrants consideration.
  • SUMMARY: Currently the head and neck surgeon has a diverse armamentarium available to reconstruct even large and complex pharyngeal defects.

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  • (PMID = 23838547.001).
  • [ISSN] 1531-6998
  • [Journal-full-title] Current opinion in otolaryngology & head and neck surgery
  • [ISO-abbreviation] Curr Opin Otolaryngol Head Neck Surg
  • [Language] eng
  • [Publication-type] Journal Article; Review
  • [Publication-country] United States
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37. |......... 6%  Mohos G, Vass G, Kemeny L, Jori J, Ivan L: Extended lower trapezius myocutaneous flap to cover a deep lateral neck defect on irradiated skin: a new application. J Plast Surg Hand Surg; 2013 Feb;47(1):70-2
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  • [Source] The source of this record is MEDLINE®, a database of the U.S. National Library of Medicine.
  • [Title] Extended lower trapezius myocutaneous flap to cover a deep lateral neck defect on irradiated skin: a new application.
  • We present a patient whose extended irradiation site together with the previous unsuccessful attempt to cover it with a latissimus dorsi myocutaneous flap, needed an extended lower trapezius myocutaneous flap, which seemed to be the only way in which to close the large and deep cervical defect.

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  • (PMID = 23190024.001).
  • [ISSN] 2000-6764
  • [Journal-full-title] Journal of plastic surgery and hand surgery
  • [ISO-abbreviation] J Plast Surg Hand Surg
  • [Language] eng
  • [Publication-type] Case Reports; Journal Article
  • [Publication-country] Sweden
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38. |......... 6%  Horch RE, Hohenberger W, Eweida A, Kneser U, Weber K, Arkudas A, Merkel S, Göhl J, Beier JP: A hundred patients with vertical rectus abdominis myocutaneous (VRAM) flap for pelvic reconstruction after total pelvic exenteration. Int J Colorectal Dis; 2014 Jul;29(7):813-23
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  • [Source] The source of this record is MEDLINE®, a database of the U.S. National Library of Medicine.
  • [Title] A hundred patients with vertical rectus abdominis myocutaneous (VRAM) flap for pelvic reconstruction after total pelvic exenteration.
  • PURPOSE: We analysed the outcomes of a series of 100 consecutive patients with anorectal cancer with neoadjuvant radiochemotherapy and abdominoperineal exstirpation or total pelvic exenteration, who received a transpelvic vertical rectus abdominis myocutaneous (VRAM) flap for pelvic, vaginal and/or perineal reconstruction and compare a cohort to patients without VRAM flaps.
  • Data of those 100 consecutive patients who received a transpelvic VRAM flap were collected and compared to patients without flaps.
  • CONCLUSIONS: The VRAM flap is a reliable and safe method for pelvic reconstruction in patients with advanced disease requiring pelvic exenteration and irradiation, with a relatively low rate of donor and recipient site complications.
  • In this first study, to compare a large number of patients with VRAM flap reconstruction to patients without pelvic VRAM flap reconstruction, a clear advantage of simultaneous pelvic reconstruction is demonstrated.

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  • (PMID = 24752738.001).
  • [ISSN] 1432-1262
  • [Journal-full-title] International journal of colorectal disease
  • [ISO-abbreviation] Int J Colorectal Dis
  • [Language] eng
  • [Publication-type] Journal Article
  • [Publication-country] Germany
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39. |......... 5%  Barker JA, Blackmore AE, Owen RP, Rate A: Prone cylindrical abdominoperineal resection with subsequent rectus abdominis myocutaneous flap reconstruction performed by a colorectal surgeon. Int J Colorectal Dis; 2013 Jun;28(6):801-6
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  • [Source] The source of this record is MEDLINE®, a database of the U.S. National Library of Medicine.
  • [Title] Prone cylindrical abdominoperineal resection with subsequent rectus abdominis myocutaneous flap reconstruction performed by a colorectal surgeon.
  • PURPOSE: Prone cylindrical abdominoperineal resection (APR) leads to reduced circumferential resection margin (CRM) involvement but is associated with a large perineal deficit.
  • A rectus abdominis myocutaneous (RAM) flap can reduce the morbidity associated with the perineal wound.
  • We reviewed the outcome of prone APR carried out by a single colorectal surgeon using RAM flap without the involvement of plastic surgeons in a district general hospital.
  • METHODS: Data were reviewed retrospectively for consecutive patients who have undergone prone cylindrical APR and RAM flap reconstruction between 2008 and 2011.
  • RESULTS: Twelve patients (seven females, five males) of median age of 69 years (range 50-84 years) underwent prone APR and RAM flap reconstruction.
  • One patient had complete flap necrosis and subsequent flap removal, and three (25 %) patients experienced delayed flap healing.
  • CONCLUSIONS: Prone APR and RAM flap reconstruction can be performed by colorectal surgeons in a district general setting with good outcomes, without the need for a plastic surgeon, thus increasing the feasibility of this treatment modality.
  • [MeSH-major] Abdomen / surgery. Myocutaneous Flap / surgery. Perineum / surgery. Physicians. Reconstructive Surgical Procedures. Rectal Neoplasms / surgery. Rectus Abdominis / surgery

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  • (PMID = 23053678.001).
  • [ISSN] 1432-1262
  • [Journal-full-title] International journal of colorectal disease
  • [ISO-abbreviation] Int J Colorectal Dis
  • [Language] eng
  • [Publication-type] Journal Article
  • [Publication-country] Germany
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40. |......... 5%  Cooper IF, Siadaty MS: 'Therapeutic or Preventive Procedures' associated with 'Rectus Abdominis Myocutaneous Flap': Top Publications. BioMedLib Review; TherapeuticOrPreventive;RectusAbdominisMyocutaneous:705419214. ISSN: 2331-5717. 2014/4/28
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  • [Title] 'Therapeutic or Preventive Procedures' associated with 'Rectus Abdominis Myocutaneous Flap': Top Publications.
  • Background: There are articles published each month which present 'therapeutic or preventive procedure' for 'rectus abdominis myocutaneous flap'.
  • McMenamin DM et al: Rectus abdominis myocutaneous flaps for perineal reconstruction: modifications to the technique based on a large single-centre experience.
  • Halim AS et al: Extended pedicle rectus abdominis myocutaneous flap for thigh reconstruction.
  • Yoshino N et al: A case report on a full-thickness chest wall reconstruction with polypropylene mesh and stainless steel mesh concurrently using a transverse rectus abdominis myocutaneous flap.
  • Núñez JE et al: [Abdominoperineal resection in anal cancer: Reconstruction of the perineum with a myocutaneous flap from the anterior rectus abdominis muscle].
  • Løve US et al: Sexual dysfunction after colpectomy and vaginal reconstruction with a vertical rectus abdominis myocutaneous flap.
  • Tapisiz OL et al: Vertical rectus abdominis myocutaneous flap for vaginal reconstruction after radical pelvic surgery for Stage II vaginal carcinoma.
  • Weiwei L et al: Vaginal reconstruction with the muscle-sparing vertical rectus abdominis myocutaneous flap.
  • Shukla HS et al: An evolution of clinical application of inferior pedicle based rectus abdominis myocutaneous flap for repair of perineal defects after radical surgery for cancer.
  • Okazaki M et al: Reconstruction with rectus abdominis myocutaneous flap for total glossectomy with laryngectomy.
  • Berger JL et al: Modified vertical rectus abdominis myocutaneous flap vaginal reconstruction: an analysis of surgical outcomes.

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  • [Copyright] Copyright 2014 Siadaty and Cooper; licensee BioMedLib LLC.
  • (UID = 705419214.001).
  • [ISSN] 2331-5717
  • [Journal-full-title] BioMedLib Review
  • [Language] eng
  • [Publication-type] Review
  • [Publication-country] UNITED STATES
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41. |......... 5%  Chen W, Li Y, Wang N: The need for a complete platysma component for platysma myocutaneous flaps?--an introduction of the expanded cutaneous-dominant platysma flap for facial defect reconstruction. J Plast Reconstr Aesthet Surg; 2010 Dec;63(12):2172-6
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  • [Source] The source of this record is MEDLINE®, a database of the U.S. National Library of Medicine.
  • [Title] The need for a complete platysma component for platysma myocutaneous flaps?--an introduction of the expanded cutaneous-dominant platysma flap for facial defect reconstruction.
  • This concept had been changed by a recent anatomical investigation revealing the inherently fasciocutanous nature of the platysma flap.
  • The platysma flap is considered to be an ideal donor source due to its thin, pliable and sufficient colour matched skin nature.
  • When combined with the tissue expansion technique, this flap can provide adequate donor tissue that is particularly valuable for large facial defect repairs without leaving any modalities on the neck donor site.
  • In our report, we designed and used the expanded platysma myocutaneous flap as a cutaneous-dominant skin flap for large facial defect repairs.
  • In operation, the cervical flap is elevated at the intermediate layer between the platysma and the superficial adipofascia.
  • A small amount platysma muscular tissue is recruited only in the area surrounding these facial artery perforators at the flap peddle region.
  • We conclude that the expanded cutaneous-dominant platysma flap peddled by facial artery perforators provides a useful alternative for the reconstruction of facial defects and should be a valuable addition to facial reconstructive surgery.

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  • [Copyright] Copyright © 2010 British Association of Plastic, Reconstructive and Aesthetic Surgeons. Published by Elsevier Ltd. All rights reserved.
  • (PMID = 20403736.001).
  • [ISSN] 1878-0539
  • [Journal-full-title] Journal of plastic, reconstructive & aesthetic surgery : JPRAS
  • [ISO-abbreviation] J Plast Reconstr Aesthet Surg
  • [Language] eng
  • [Publication-type] Case Reports; Journal Article
  • [Publication-country] Netherlands
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42. |......... 5%  Chang SH, Tung KY, Hsiao HT, Chen CH, Liu HK: Combined free vascularized iliac osteocutaneous flap and pedicled pectoralis major myocutaneous flap for reconstruction of anterior chest wall full-thickness defect. Ann Thorac Surg; 2011 Feb;91(2):586-8
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  • [Source] The source of this record is MEDLINE®, a database of the U.S. National Library of Medicine.
  • [Title] Combined free vascularized iliac osteocutaneous flap and pedicled pectoralis major myocutaneous flap for reconstruction of anterior chest wall full-thickness defect.
  • Large defects of the anterior chest wall lead to gross chest instability that can result in paradoxic respiration.
  • An iliac osteocutaneous flap (bone segment 3 × 14 cm) was harvested for reconstruction of the bone defect.
  • The skin defect was covered by the skin paddle of the iliac osteocutaneous flap and a contralateral rotational pectoralis major muscle flap.

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  • [Copyright] Copyright © 2011 The Society of Thoracic Surgeons. Published by Elsevier Inc. All rights reserved.
  • (PMID = 21256320.001).
  • [ISSN] 1552-6259
  • [Journal-full-title] The Annals of thoracic surgery
  • [ISO-abbreviation] Ann. Thorac. Surg.
  • [Language] eng
  • [Publication-type] Case Reports; Journal Article
  • [Publication-country] Netherlands
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43. |......... 5%  Wong CH, Wei FC: Anterolateral thigh flap. Head Neck; 2010 Apr;32(4):529-40
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  • [Title] Anterolateral thigh flap.
  • The anterolateral thigh (ALT) flap is a versatile soft tissue flap.
  • It can be harvested as a fasciocutaneous or myocutaneous flap.
  • Vascularized fascia can be included or the pedicle may be harvested as a flow-through flap.
  • The flap can also be harvested incorporating multiple skin islands or as a chimeric flap incorporating separate skin and muscle components.
  • When a large flap is needed, the entire lateral thigh can be harvested by combining the ALT with either the tensor fascia lata or the anteromedial thigh flap as a conjoined flap.
  • The purported difficulty with the use of this flap is because of the anatomical variations that may render this flap unreliable.
  • This paper clarifies the vascular anatomy of the flap and elaborates an approach to flap harvest that can be used to reliably harvest the flap in spite of the anomalies that may be encountered.


44. |......... 5%  Toft PB: Myocutaneous pedicle flap combined with a free skin graft for upper eyelid reconstruction. Orbit; 2010 Feb;29(1):21-4
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  • [Source] The source of this record is MEDLINE®, a database of the U.S. National Library of Medicine.
  • [Title] Myocutaneous pedicle flap combined with a free skin graft for upper eyelid reconstruction.
  • PURPOSE: Repair of large upper eyelid defects can be accomplished by both 1-stage and 2-stage techniques some of which are complicated and time consuming.
  • METHODS: The records and the peroperative and postoperative photographs of two patients who underwent reconstruction of large full-thickness upper eyelid defects after tumor removal were reviewed.
  • The anterior lamella was reconstructed with a myocutaneous pedicle flap from the remaining upper eyelid with its base medially or laterally.
  • RESULTS: In both patients the flap healed without necrosis or any other complications.
  • CONCLUSION: Large upper eyelid defects can successfully be reconstructed by a pedicle flap from the infra brow area, which subsequently is covered by a free skin graft.

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  • (PMID = 20302405.001).
  • [ISSN] 1744-5108
  • [Journal-full-title] Orbit (Amsterdam, Netherlands)
  • [ISO-abbreviation] Orbit
  • [Language] eng
  • [Publication-type] Case Reports; Journal Article
  • [Publication-country] England
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45. |......... 5%  Grieb G, Alharbi Z, Simons D, Tsolakidis S, Stromps JP, Piatkowski A, Fuchs P, Pallua N: Abdominal aorta as a recipient artery: Using a free latissimus dorsi myocutaneous flap to close hip and pelvic defects. Int J Surg Case Rep; 2013;4(1):23-5
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  • [Source] The source of this record is MEDLINE®, a database of the U.S. National Library of Medicine.
  • [Title] Abdominal aorta as a recipient artery: Using a free latissimus dorsi myocutaneous flap to close hip and pelvic defects.
  • PRESENTATION OF CASE: Herein, we report a case in which the abdominal aorta was used as arterial recipient vessel for microvascular transfer of a free latissimus dorsi myocutaneous flap.
  • DISCUSSION: In this case, the patient had a large defect that demanded a choice of a large flap such as the free latissimus dorsi myocutaneous flap.
  • In the presented case, arterial anastomosis of the free latissimus dorsi myocutaneous flap was performed to the distal part of the aorta without complications.

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  • [Copyright] Copyright © 2012. Published by Elsevier Ltd.
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  • (PMID = 23103629.001).
  • [ISSN] 2210-2612
  • [Journal-full-title] International journal of surgery case reports
  • [ISO-abbreviation] Int J Surg Case Rep
  • [Language] eng
  • [Publication-type] Journal Article
  • [Publication-country] Netherlands
  • [Other-IDs] NLM/ PMC3537943
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46. |......... 5%  Saba SC, Shaterian A, Tokin C, Dobke MK, Wallace AM: The pedicled myocutaneous flap as a choice reconstructive technique for immediate adjuvant brachytherapy in sarcoma treatment. Curr Oncol; 2012 Dec;19(6):e491-5
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  • [Title] The pedicled myocutaneous flap as a choice reconstructive technique for immediate adjuvant brachytherapy in sarcoma treatment.
  • In the present study, pedicled myocutaneous flaps were used as a vital adjunct in the treatment of soft-tissue sarcoma, and our experience with 2 such patients is described.
  • The flaps served to reconstruct large three-dimensional defects while providing stable coverage over brachytherapy hardware to allow for delivery of radiation in the immediate postoperative period.
  • Pedicled locoregional myocutaneous flaps provide a safe, easy, and reliable reconstructive technique in the treatment of soft-tissue sarcoma.

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  • (PMID = 23300372.001).
  • [ISSN] 1198-0052
  • [Journal-full-title] Current oncology (Toronto, Ont.)
  • [ISO-abbreviation] Curr Oncol
  • [Language] eng
  • [Publication-type] Journal Article
  • [Publication-country] Canada
  • [Other-IDs] NLM/ PMC3503679
  • [Keywords] NOTNLM ; Sarcoma / adjuvant cancer therapy / brachytherapy / pedicled myocutaneous flaps / radiation / wound coverage
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47. |......... 5%  Datta G, Boriani F, Degano K, Carlucci S, Ferrando PM, Verna G: Combination of two long-pedicled myocutaneous flaps for closure of a complex contralateral dorsal defect. Ann Thorac Surg; 2009 Jun;87(6):1930-3
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  • [Source] The source of this record is MEDLINE®, a database of the U.S. National Library of Medicine.
  • [Title] Combination of two long-pedicled myocutaneous flaps for closure of a complex contralateral dorsal defect.
  • A large and deep oncological defect has been filled up using a very long-pedicled latissimus dorsi myocutaneous flap, together with a trapezius myocutaneous flap, both harvested contralaterally to the lesion.
  • Despite the distance of the defect from the area from which the flaps have been harvested, use of long-pedicled flaps warranted a better flap rotation with less tension and greater availability of bulky tissues.
  • Therefore, a challenging complex thoracic defect was covered immediately after oncological resection through a combination of two myocutaneous flaps contralaterally harvested, which seemed safe and reliable.

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  • (PMID = 19463627.001).
  • [ISSN] 1552-6259
  • [Journal-full-title] The Annals of thoracic surgery
  • [ISO-abbreviation] Ann. Thorac. Surg.
  • [Language] eng
  • [Publication-type] Case Reports; Journal Article
  • [Publication-country] Netherlands
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48. |......... 5%  Whitaker IS, Karavias M, Shayan R, le Roux CM, Rozen WM, Corlett RJ, Taylor GI, Ashton MW: The gracilis myocutaneous free flap: a quantitative analysis of the fasciocutaneous blood supply and implications for autologous breast reconstruction. PLoS One; 2012;7(5):e36367
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  • [Title] The gracilis myocutaneous free flap: a quantitative analysis of the fasciocutaneous blood supply and implications for autologous breast reconstruction.
  • The gracilis myocutaneous flap is favoured by many reconstructive surgeons due to the donor site profile and speed of dissection.
  • The distal component of the longitudinal skin paddle of the gracilis myocutaneous flap is unreliable.
  • This study quantifies the fasciocutaneous vascular territories of the gracilis flap and offers the potential to reconstruct breasts of all sizes.
  • For large reconstructions, if a 'T' or tri-lobed flap with an extended vertical component is needed, it is important to establish if three territories are present.
  • Flap reliability and size may be optimized following computed tomographic angiography and surgical delay.

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  • (PMID = 22590534.001).
  • [ISSN] 1932-6203
  • [Journal-full-title] PloS one
  • [ISO-abbreviation] PLoS ONE
  • [Language] eng
  • [Publication-type] Journal Article
  • [Publication-country] United States
  • [Other-IDs] NLM/ PMC3348940
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49. |......... 5%  Chao Y, Xin X, Jiangping C: Medial canthal reconstruction with combined glabellar and orbicularis oculi myocutaneous advancement flaps. J Plast Reconstr Aesthet Surg; 2010 Oct;63(10):1624-8
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  • [Source] The source of this record is MEDLINE®, a database of the U.S. National Library of Medicine.
  • [Title] Medial canthal reconstruction with combined glabellar and orbicularis oculi myocutaneous advancement flaps.
  • The authors have performed reconstruction with combined glabellar and orbicularis oculi myocutaneous advancement flaps in 12 patients.
  • METHODS: A glabellar flap that can be divided into two parts was designed and elevated according to the defect in the medial canthal.
  • The glabellar flap was transferred to the medial canthal defect after thinning.
  • The residual area of medial canthal defect, which frequently involves the upper eyelid and inferior eyelid, was closed with an orbicularis oculi myocutaneous advancement flap.
  • CONCLUSION: This technique can be readily used for relatively large medial canthal defects involving upper/inferior eyelid defects according to the size and shape of the defect.

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  • [Copyright] Copyright 2009 British Association of Plastic, Reconstructive and Aesthetic Surgeons. Published by Elsevier Ltd. All rights reserved.
  • (PMID = 19955033.001).
  • [ISSN] 1878-0539
  • [Journal-full-title] Journal of plastic, reconstructive & aesthetic surgery : JPRAS
  • [ISO-abbreviation] J Plast Reconstr Aesthet Surg
  • [Language] eng
  • [Publication-type] Case Reports; Journal Article
  • [Publication-country] Netherlands
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50. |......... 5%  Khazaeni K, Rajati M, Shahabi A, Mashhadi L: Use of a sternocleidomastoid myocutaneous flap based on the sternocleidomastoid branch of the superior thyroid artery to reconstruct extensive cheek defects. Aesthetic Plast Surg; 2013 Dec;37(6):1167-70
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  • [Source] The source of this record is MEDLINE®, a database of the U.S. National Library of Medicine.
  • [Title] Use of a sternocleidomastoid myocutaneous flap based on the sternocleidomastoid branch of the superior thyroid artery to reconstruct extensive cheek defects.
  • Although sternocleidomastoid (SCM) flaps have been used for many head and neck defects, use of an SCM flap to reconstruct a cheek defect based only on the superior thyroid artery has not been reported previously.
  • CASE REPORT: The case of a 40-year-old farmer with a large full-thickness cheek squamous cell carcinoma is reported.
  • An SCM myocutaneous flap based on the SCM branch of the superior thyroid artery was used.
  • CONCLUSION: An SCM myocutaneous flap is a valuable option for head and neck reconstructions with reasonable aesthetic results.
  • For properly selected cases, this flap obviates the need to use the pectoralis major or other more distant flaps.
  • [MeSH-major] Carcinoma, Squamous Cell / surgery. Cheek / surgery. Myocutaneous Flap / blood supply. Neoplasm Recurrence, Local / surgery. Reconstructive Surgical Procedures / methods. Skin Neoplasms / surgery

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  • (PMID = 24091491.001).
  • [ISSN] 1432-5241
  • [Journal-full-title] Aesthetic plastic surgery
  • [ISO-abbreviation] Aesthetic Plast Surg
  • [Language] eng
  • [Publication-type] Case Reports; Journal Article
  • [Publication-country] United States
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