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1. Biomedical articles (top 50; 2009 to 2014)
1. |||||..... 50%  Giannikas D, Athanaselis E, Matzaroglou C, Saridis A, Tyllianakis M: An unusual complication of Mitek suture anchor use in primary treatment of flexor digitorum profundus tendon laceration: a case report. Cases J; 2009;2:9319
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  • [Source] The source of this record is MEDLINE®, a database of the U.S. National Library of Medicine.
  • [Title] An unusual complication of Mitek suture anchor use in primary treatment of flexor digitorum profundus tendon laceration: a case report.
  • INTRODUCTION: A case of an osteolysis by Mitek anchor-suture is presented.
  • CASE PRESENTATION: A case of index finger's flexor digitorum profundus tendon primary reconstruction with the use of Mitek anchor is presented here.
  • Within a 14 month period, Mitek suture anchor caused local foreign body reaction with osteolysis and ulceration of the palmar skin of the finger while on the other hand tendon's healing was successfully completed.

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  • (PMID = 20062642.001).
  • [ISSN] 1757-1626
  • [Journal-full-title] Cases journal
  • [ISO-abbreviation] Cases J
  • [Language] eng
  • [Publication-type] Journal Article
  • [Publication-country] England
  • [Other-IDs] NLM/ PMC2803982
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2. |||||..... 49%  Moriya T, Larson MC, Zhao C, An KN, Amadio PC: The effect of core suture flexor tendon repair techniques on gliding resistance during static cycle motion and load to failure: a human cadaver study. J Hand Surg Eur Vol; 2012 May;37(4):316-22
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  • [Source] The source of this record is MEDLINE®, a database of the U.S. National Library of Medicine.
  • [Title] The effect of core suture flexor tendon repair techniques on gliding resistance during static cycle motion and load to failure: a human cadaver study.
  • The purpose of this study was to describe a modification of the Massachusetts General Hospital (MMGH) tendon repair and to compare it with three other suture techniques.
  • Twenty human flexor digitorum profundus (FDP) tendons were randomly assigned to the modified Pennington (MP) suture and the MMGH suture.
  • The MP suture had significantly higher 2 mm gap force and ultimate load to failure than the MK suture.
  • The MMGH suture had significantly higher 2 mm gap force and maximum failure ultimate load than the MGH suture.
  • [MeSH-major] Fingers. Movement / physiology. Suture Techniques. Tendons / surgery

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  • (PMID = 21987278.001).
  • [ISSN] 2043-6289
  • [Journal-full-title] The Journal of hand surgery, European volume
  • [ISO-abbreviation] J Hand Surg Eur Vol
  • [Language] eng
  • [Grant] United States / NIAMS NIH HHS / AR / R01 AR044391; United States / NIAMS NIH HHS / AR / R01 AR044391-14
  • [Publication-type] In Vitro; Journal Article; Research Support, Non-U.S. Gov't
  • [Publication-country] England
  • [Other-IDs] NLM/ NIHMS341840; NLM/ PMC3337341
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3. |||||..... 48%  Kang HJ, Lee DC, Kim JS, Ki SH, Roh SY, Yang JW: Flexor tenorrhaphy using absorbable suture materials. Arch Plast Surg; 2012 Jul;39(4):397-403
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  • [Source] The source of this record is MEDLINE®, a database of the U.S. National Library of Medicine.
  • [Title] Flexor tenorrhaphy using absorbable suture materials.
  • The results were compared with those of other studies.
  • CONCLUSIONS: Therefore, this study suggests that appropriate absorbable core sutures can be used safely for flexor tendon repairs.

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  • (PMID = 22872845.001).
  • [ISSN] 2234-6171
  • [Journal-full-title] Archives of plastic surgery
  • [ISO-abbreviation] Arch Plast Surg
  • [Language] eng
  • [Publication-type] Journal Article
  • [Publication-country] Korea (South)
  • [Other-IDs] NLM/ PMC3408287
  • [Keywords] NOTNLM ; Hand / Polydioxanone / Rupture / Tendon Injuries
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4. ||||...... 38%  Jordan MC, Hölscher-Doht S, Jakubietz MG, Jakubietz RG, Meffert RH, Schmidt K: Suture material for flexor tendon repair: 3-0 V-Loc versus 3-0 Stratafix in a biomechanical comparison ex vivo. J Orthop Surg Res; 2014;9:72
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  • [Source] The source of this record is MEDLINE®, a database of the U.S. National Library of Medicine.
  • [Title] Suture material for flexor tendon repair: 3-0 V-Loc versus 3-0 Stratafix in a biomechanical comparison ex vivo.
  • BACKGROUND: Barbed suture material offers the possibility of knotless flexor tendon repair, as suggested in an increasing number of biomechanical studies.
  • There are currently two different absorbable barbed suture products available, V-Loc and Stratafix, and both have not been compared to each other with regard to flexor tendon repair.
  • The purpose of this study was to evaluate both suture materials for primary stability under static and cyclic loading in a biomechanical ex vivo model.
  • A four-strand modified Kessler suture technique was used to repair the tendon either with a 3-0 V-Loc or 3-0 Stratafix without a knot.
  • CONCLUSION: V-Loc demonstrates a higher maximum load in tendon reconstruction.
  • Hereby, the V-Loc™ has an advantage when used as unidirectional barbed suture for knotless flexor tendon repair.

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  • (PMID = 25205062.001).
  • [ISSN] 1749-799X
  • [Journal-full-title] Journal of orthopaedic surgery and research
  • [ISO-abbreviation] J Orthop Surg Res
  • [Language] eng
  • [Publication-type] Journal Article; Research Support, Non-U.S. Gov't
  • [Publication-country] England
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5. |||||..... 52%  Morrell NT, Mercer DM, Moneim MS: Late reconstruction of chronic distal biceps tendon ruptures using fascia lata autograft and suture anchor fixation. Tech Hand Up Extrem Surg; 2012 Sep;16(3):141-4
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  • [Source] The source of this record is MEDLINE®, a database of the U.S. National Library of Medicine.
  • [Title] Late reconstruction of chronic distal biceps tendon ruptures using fascia lata autograft and suture anchor fixation.
  • Distal biceps tendon ruptures are a rare injury, and surgical reconstruction is typically recommended for chronic ruptures.
  • We present our experience with reconstruction of chronic distal biceps tendon ruptures with fascia lata autograft, secured to the bicipital tuberosity with suture anchors.
  • Range of motion and isokinetic flexion and supination strength after this procedure was comparable with other distal biceps tendon reconstruction options using tendon grafts and suture anchor fixation from a single anterior approach.
  • Furthermore, common complications associated with distal biceps tendon repair and reconstruction can be avoided with this technique.
  • [MeSH-major] Arm Injuries / surgery. Fascia Lata / transplantation. Reconstructive Surgical Procedures / instrumentation. Suture Anchors. Tendon Injuries / surgery


6. ||||...... 44%  Saragaglia D, Pison A, Rubens-Duval B: Acute and old ruptures of the extensor apparatus of the knee in adults (excluding knee replacement). Orthop Traumatol Surg Res; 2013 Feb;99(1 Suppl):S67-76
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  • [Source] The source of this record is MEDLINE®, a database of the U.S. National Library of Medicine.
  • Rupture of the extensor apparatus of the knee in adults is infrequent and dominated by patellar fracture, which in our experience is six times as frequent as quadriceps or patellar tendon tear.
  • Quadriceps tendon tear mainly affects patients over 40 years of age, in a context of systemic disease.
  • In most cases, early surgical management is needed to reinsert the tendon at the proximal pole of the patella by bone suture.
  • For chronic lesions, it is often necessary to lengthen the quadriceps tendon by V-Y plasty or the Codivilla technique.
  • Patellar tendon tear, on the other hand, typically occurs in patients under 40 years of age, often involved in sports.
  • The procedure depends on the type of lesion: either end-to-end suture or transosseous reinsertion.
  • In most cases repair is protected by tendon augmentation.
  • Old lesions often require tendon graft or a tendon-bone-tendon-bone graft taken from the opposite side.
  • [MeSH-major] Fractures, Bone / complications. Patella / injuries. Patellar Ligament / injuries. Tendon Injuries / etiology

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  • [Copyright] Copyright © 2012 Elsevier Masson SAS. All rights reserved.
  • (PMID = 23352566.001).
  • [ISSN] 1877-0568
  • [Journal-full-title] Orthopaedics & traumatology, surgery & research : OTSR
  • [ISO-abbreviation] Orthop Traumatol Surg Res
  • [Language] eng
  • [Publication-type] Journal Article; Review
  • [Publication-country] France
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7. |||||..... 47%  Daher RJ, Chahine NO, Razzano P, Patwa SA, Sgaglione NJ, Grande DA: Tendon repair augmented with a novel circulating stem cell population. Int J Clin Exp Med; 2011;4(3):214-9
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  • [Source] The source of this record is MEDLINE®, a database of the U.S. National Library of Medicine.
  • [Title] Tendon repair augmented with a novel circulating stem cell population.
  • Tendon ruptures are common sports-related injuries that are often treated surgically by the use of sutures followed by immobilization.
  • However, tendon repair by standard technique is associated with long healing time and often suboptimal repair.
  • Methods to enhance tendon repair time as well as the quality of repair are currently unmet clinical needs.
  • Our hypothesis is that the introduction of a unique stem cell population at the site of tendon transection would result in an improved rate and quality of repair.
  • Achilles tendons of fifty-one Sprague-Dawley rats were transected and suture-repaired.
  • In half of the rats, a biodegradable scaffold seeded with allogenic circulating stem cells was placed as an onlay to the defect site in addition to the suture repair.
  • The other half was treated with suture alone to serve as the control group.
  • By four weeks, both groups showed a continuing trend of healing, with the scaffold group exceeding the histological quality of the tissue repaired with suture alone.
  • The use of circulating stem cells as an adjunct in tendon repair demonstrates superior biomechanical properties and an improved level of histological organization, when compared to the suture alone control group.

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  • (PMID = 21977235.001).
  • [ISSN] 1940-5901
  • [Journal-full-title] International journal of clinical and experimental medicine
  • [ISO-abbreviation] Int J Clin Exp Med
  • [Language] eng
  • [Publication-type] Journal Article
  • [Publication-country] United States
  • [Other-IDs] NLM/ PMC3182514
  • [Keywords] NOTNLM ; Orthopedic surgery / achilles tendon / circulating stem cells / sports medicine / tendon biome-chanics / tendon repair
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8. |||||..... 46%  Cummings SH, Grande DA, Hee CK, Kestler HK, Roden CM, Shah NV, Razzano P, Dines DM, Chahine NO, Dines JS: Effect of recombinant human platelet-derived growth factor-BB-coated sutures on Achilles tendon healing in a rat model: A histological and biomechanical study. J Tissue Eng; 2012;3(1):2041731412453577
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  • [Source] The source of this record is MEDLINE®, a database of the U.S. National Library of Medicine.
  • [Title] Effect of recombinant human platelet-derived growth factor-BB-coated sutures on Achilles tendon healing in a rat model: A histological and biomechanical study.
  • PURPOSE: Repairing tendon injuries with recombinant human platelet-derived growth factor-BB has potential for improving surgical outcomes.
  • Augmentation of sutures, a critical component of surgical tendon repair, by coating with growth factors may provide a clinically useful therapeutic device for improving tendon repair.
  • Therefore, the purpose of this study was to (a) coat Vicryl sutures with a defined dose of recombinant human platelet-derived growth factor-BB without additional coating excipients (e.g. gelatin), (b) quantify the recombinant human platelet-derived growth factor-BB released from the suture, and (c) use the recombinant human platelet-derived growth factor-BB-coated sutures to enhance tendon repair in a rat Achilles tendon transection model.
  • Acutely transected rat Achilles tendons were repaired using one of the four suture groups (n = 12 per group).
  • The modulus significantly increased (p = 0.031) with the highest recombinant human platelet-derived growth factor-BB dose group (7.2 ± 3.8 MPa) relative to all other groups (control: 3.5 ± 0.9 MPa).
  • CONCLUSIONS: The results of this study suggest that recombinant human platelet-derived growth factor-BB can be used to reproducibly coat Vicryl sutures and improve remodeling in a rat Achilles tendon transection model by significantly decreasing the resulting cross-sectional area, thus improving the material properties of the repaired tendon.

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  • (PMID = 22798983.001).
  • [ISSN] 2041-7314
  • [Journal-full-title] Journal of tissue engineering
  • [ISO-abbreviation] J Tissue Eng
  • [Language] eng
  • [Publication-type] Journal Article
  • [Publication-country] England
  • [Other-IDs] NLM/ PMC3394411
  • [Keywords] NOTNLM ; biomechanics / histology / recombinant human platelet-derived growth factor-BB / suture / tendon repair
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9. |||||..... 52%  Wu YF, Cao Y, Zhou YL, Tang JB: Biomechanical comparisons of four-strand tendon repairs with double-stranded sutures: effects of different locks and suture geometry. J Hand Surg Eur Vol; 2011 Jan;36(1):34-9
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  • [Source] The source of this record is MEDLINE®, a database of the U.S. National Library of Medicine.
  • [Title] Biomechanical comparisons of four-strand tendon repairs with double-stranded sutures: effects of different locks and suture geometry.
  • Multi-strand repairs are often used in flexor tendon surgery.
  • We evaluated the strength of four four-strand tendon repairs with different locks and suture geometry.
  • The two Kessler repairs showed a 35% lower 2 mm gap force, and 15% lower ultimate strength compared with the other two repairs; the differences were of statistical significance.
  • [MeSH-major] Biomechanical Phenomena. Suture Techniques. Tendon Injuries / surgery

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  • (PMID = 20682582.001).
  • [ISSN] 2043-6289
  • [Journal-full-title] The Journal of hand surgery, European volume
  • [ISO-abbreviation] J Hand Surg Eur Vol
  • [Language] eng
  • [Publication-type] Comparative Study; Journal Article
  • [Publication-country] England
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10. |||||..... 52%  Bumbasirević MZ, Andjelković S, Lesić AR, Sudjić VS, Palibrk T, Tulić GDz, Radenković DV, Bajec DD: [Operative treatment of flexor pollicis longus tendon with Krackow suture, functional results--preliminary results]. Acta Chir Iugosl; 2010;57(4):15-7
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  • [Source] The source of this record is MEDLINE®, a database of the U.S. National Library of Medicine.
  • [Title] [Operative treatment of flexor pollicis longus tendon with Krackow suture, functional results--preliminary results].
  • INTRODUCTION: Surgical treatment of the injuried flexor tensons is the important part of hand surgery.
  • Tendon adhesions, ruptures, joint contcatures-stifness are only one part of the problem one is faced during the tendon treatment.
  • In spite of improvement in surgical technique and suture material, the end result of sutured flexor tendons still represent a serious problem.
  • THE AIM: To present of operative treatment of flexor pollicis longus injury with Krakow suture technique.
  • According to mechanism of injury the patients were divided in two groups: one with sharp and other with wider zone of injury.
  • CONCLUSION: the Krackow sutrue allowed early rehabilitation, which prevent tendon adhesions, enabled faster and better functional recovery.
  • [MeSH-major] Suture Techniques. Tendon Injuries / surgery. Tendons / surgery. Thumb / injuries

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  • (PMID = 21449132.001).
  • [ISSN] 0354-950X
  • [Journal-full-title] Acta chirurgica Iugoslavica
  • [ISO-abbreviation] Acta Chir Iugosl
  • [Language] srp
  • [Publication-type] English Abstract; Journal Article
  • [Publication-country] Serbia
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11. |||||..... 52%  Corradi M, Bellan M, Frattini M, Concari G, Tocco S, Pogliacomi F: The four-strand staggered suture for flexor tendon repair: in vitro biomechanical study. J Hand Surg Am; 2010 Jun;35(6):948-55
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  • [Source] The source of this record is MEDLINE®, a database of the U.S. National Library of Medicine.
  • [Title] The four-strand staggered suture for flexor tendon repair: in vitro biomechanical study.
  • PURPOSE: To assess in vitro biomechanical properties of a 4-strand flexor tendon suture compared to 3 established suture techniques.
  • This technique, which is made of 2 alternating and staggered sutures, one external to the tendon and the other internal, must be sufficiently resistant to withstand loads applied by modern, early active mobilization protocols.
  • METHODS: Forty flexor hallucis longus tendons were harvested from fresh cadavers, cut, and repaired using 4 different suture techniques (Strickland, Wolfe, modified Savage, and a new technique called 4-strand staggered).
  • Twenty additional tendons were repaired with the new suture technique and submitted to dynamic trials under cyclic loading.
  • RESULTS: The 4-strand staggered suture technique proved to be statistically superior to Strickland and modified Savage techniques following the static loading trials for gap formation and breaking force.
  • This technique is statistically superior to the Wolfe cruciate suture for breaking force and superior but not statistically significant for gap formation.
  • The dynamic loading trials have shown that the 4-strand staggered suture can tolerate in vitro loads similar to those exerted by modern, early active mobilization protocols.
  • CONCLUSIONS: The suture technique created by the authors proved to hold superior biomechanical properties than the other techniques tested in this study and might be suitable for early active mobilization protocols.
  • [MeSH-major] Suture Techniques. Tendon Injuries / surgery

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  • [Copyright] Copyright 2010 American Society for Surgery of the Hand. Published by Elsevier Inc. All rights reserved.
  • (PMID = 20513576.001).
  • [ISSN] 1531-6564
  • [Journal-full-title] The Journal of hand surgery
  • [ISO-abbreviation] J Hand Surg Am
  • [Language] eng
  • [Publication-type] Comparative Study; Journal Article
  • [Publication-country] United States
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12. |||||..... 51%  Okçesiz IE, Ege A, Turhan E, Songür M, Bayar A, Keser S: The longer pull-out suture as a transmission suture for early active motion of repaired flexor tendon at the proximal zone-2. Arch Orthop Trauma Surg; 2011 Apr;131(4):573-80
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  • [Source] The source of this record is MEDLINE®, a database of the U.S. National Library of Medicine.
  • [Title] The longer pull-out suture as a transmission suture for early active motion of repaired flexor tendon at the proximal zone-2.
  • OBJECTIVES: The purpose of the current study was to clinically evaluate the technique of longer pull-out suture as a transmission suture for early active motion after flexor tendon repair in the proximal zone-2.
  • METHOD: Eleven patients (eight adult male, two adult female and one child) with 19 proximal zone II flexor tendon lacerations were included.
  • The pull-out suture was removed at the 8-10 weeks after the operation.
  • A patient of whom pull-out suture was traumatized and loosened at 6th week showed fair result.
  • Two other patients with a history of blunt trauma were also found to have fair results.
  • CONCLUSION: The results of this method show that the longer pull-out suture technique as a transmission suture followed by early active mobilization is safe, has a low re-rupture rate and is easy to perform for proximal zone-2 flexor tendon injuries.
  • [MeSH-major] Finger Injuries / surgery. Sutures. Tendon Injuries / surgery
  • [MeSH-minor] Adult. Child. Equipment Design. Female. Finger Joint / physiopathology. Humans. Male. Middle Aged. Orthopedic Procedures / methods. Range of Motion, Articular. Suture Techniques. Young Adult

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  • (PMID = 21190030.001).
  • [ISSN] 1434-3916
  • [Journal-full-title] Archives of orthopaedic and trauma surgery
  • [ISO-abbreviation] Arch Orthop Trauma Surg
  • [Language] eng
  • [Publication-type] Journal Article
  • [Publication-country] Germany
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13. |||||..... 51%  McDonald E, Gordon JA, Buckley JM, Gordon L: Comparison of a new multifilament stainless steel suture with frequently used sutures for flexor tendon repair. J Hand Surg Am; 2011 Jun;36(6):1028-34
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  • [Source] The source of this record is MEDLINE®, a database of the U.S. National Library of Medicine.
  • [Title] Comparison of a new multifilament stainless steel suture with frequently used sutures for flexor tendon repair.
  • PURPOSE: To investigate the mechanical properties of some common suture materials currently in use and compare them with a new multifilament stainless steel suture.
  • METHODS: We investigated the mechanical properties of 3-0 and 4-0 Fiberwire, 3-0 Supramid, 3-0 Ethibond, and a new 3-0 and 4-0 multifilament stainless steel suture.
  • All suture material was tested in a knotted configuration and all but the Supramid was tested in an unknotted configuration.
  • CONCLUSIONS: Multifilament stainless steel exhibited promising mechanical advantages over the other sutures tested.
  • More research is needed to determine how this material will affect the clinical outcomes of primary flexor tendon repair.
  • CLINICAL RELEVANCE: With a secure attachment to the tendon, the multifilament stainless steel's lower elongation and better knot-holding ability may result in a higher force to produce a 2-mm gap and a higher ultimate tensile strength in a tendon repair.
  • [MeSH-major] Stainless Steel. Sutures. Tendon Injuries / surgery

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  • [Copyright] Copyright © 2011 American Society for Surgery of the Hand. Published by Elsevier Inc. All rights reserved.
  • (PMID = 21636021.001).
  • [ISSN] 1531-6564
  • [Journal-full-title] The Journal of hand surgery
  • [ISO-abbreviation] J Hand Surg Am
  • [Language] eng
  • [Publication-type] Comparative Study; Journal Article; Research Support, Non-U.S. Gov't
  • [Publication-country] United States
  • [Chemical-registry-number] 0 / Ethibond; 0 / Nylons; 0 / Polyethylene Terephthalates; 12597-68-1 / Stainless Steel
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14. |||||..... 51%  Pabari A, Iyer S, Branford OA, Armstrong AP: Palmar granuloma following flexor tendon repair using Ticron: a case for absorbable suture material? J Plast Reconstr Aesthet Surg; 2011 Mar;64(3):409-11
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  • [Source] The source of this record is MEDLINE®, a database of the U.S. National Library of Medicine.
  • [Title] Palmar granuloma following flexor tendon repair using Ticron: a case for absorbable suture material?
  • Non-absorbable sutures are routinely used in flexor tendon repair.
  • We report a case of palmar granuloma following flexor tendon repair using Ticron.
  • Although commonly used in flexor tendon repair, the authors could not find any other description of palmar granuloma following Ticron use in the literature.
  • We advise that surgeons should be aware of this complication, that suture granuloma may mimic other common conditions, and present a brief review of the literature.
  • We conclude that the use of absorbable suture materials should be considered in flexor tendon repair, as outcomes are not dissimilar and may avoid such foreign body granulomas.
  • [MeSH-major] Absorbable Implants / adverse effects. Granuloma, Foreign-Body / etiology. Hand Injuries / surgery. Polyesters / adverse effects. Sutures / adverse effects. Tendon Injuries / surgery

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  • [Copyright] Copyright © 2010 British Association of Plastic, Reconstructive and Aesthetic Surgeons. Published by Elsevier Ltd. All rights reserved.
  • (PMID = 20471933.001).
  • [ISSN] 1878-0539
  • [Journal-full-title] Journal of plastic, reconstructive & aesthetic surgery : JPRAS
  • [ISO-abbreviation] J Plast Reconstr Aesthet Surg
  • [Language] eng
  • [Publication-type] Case Reports; Journal Article
  • [Publication-country] Netherlands
  • [Chemical-registry-number] 0 / Polyesters; 26969-66-4 / poly(lactide)
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15. |||||..... 51%  Henderson J, Sutcliffe M, Gillespie P: Epitendinous suture techniques in extensor tendon repairs--an experimental evaluation. J Hand Surg Am; 2011 Dec;36(12):1968-73
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  • [Source] The source of this record is MEDLINE®, a database of the U.S. National Library of Medicine.
  • [Title] Epitendinous suture techniques in extensor tendon repairs--an experimental evaluation.
  • PURPOSE: The tension-band principle might be relevant to extensor tendon repairs, and a dorsal-only Silfverskiöld epitendinous repair is stronger and stiffer than more conventional techniques in vitro.
  • METHODS: Silfverskiöld dorsal-only epitendinous extensor tendon repairs in porcine foot tendons (n = 8) were compared to reverse (buried) Silfverskiöld (n = 8), Halsted (n = 8), and interrupted horizontal mattress (IHM) repairs (n = 6) in vitro with a tensiometer around a 45° pulley.
  • RESULTS: The IHM repair had a significantly higher ultimate tensile strength (43 N; SD, 10 N) than the other repairs, which had strengths between 27 N (SD, 4 N) and 31 N (SD, 7 N).
  • CONCLUSIONS: Interlocking horizontal mattress, dorsal-only extensor tendon repairs were significantly stronger and more resistant to gapping than Silfverskiöld and Halsted repairs.
  • Other repairs were still strong and resistant to gapping in comparison to previously published data for conventional repairs.
  • [MeSH-major] Foot Injuries / surgery. Suture Techniques. Tendon Injuries / surgery

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  • [Copyright] Copyright © 2011 American Society for Surgery of the Hand. Published by Elsevier Inc. All rights reserved.
  • (PMID = 22037300.001).
  • [ISSN] 1531-6564
  • [Journal-full-title] The Journal of hand surgery
  • [ISO-abbreviation] J Hand Surg Am
  • [Language] eng
  • [Publication-type] In Vitro; Journal Article
  • [Publication-country] United States
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16. |||||..... 50%  Gan AW, Neo PY, He M, Yam AK, Chong AK, Tay SC: A biomechanical comparison of 3 loop suture materials in a 6-strand flexor tendon repair technique. J Hand Surg Am; 2012 Sep;37(9):1830-4
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  • [Source] The source of this record is MEDLINE®, a database of the U.S. National Library of Medicine.
  • [Title] A biomechanical comparison of 3 loop suture materials in a 6-strand flexor tendon repair technique.
  • PURPOSE: The braided polyblend (FiberWire) suture is recognized for its superiority in tensile strength in flexor tendon repair.
  • The purpose of this study was to compare the biomechanical performance of 3 loop-suture materials used in a locking 6-strand flexor tendon repair configuration: braided polyblend (FiberLoop 4-0), cable nylon (Supramid Extra II 4-0), and braided polyester (Tendo-Loop 4-0).
  • We hypothesized that, using this technique, the braided polyblend suture would give superior tensile strength compared with the other 2 suture materials.
  • METHODS: We divided 30 fresh porcine flexor tendons transversely and repaired each with 1 of the 3 suture materials using a modified Lim-Tsai 6-strand suture technique.
  • RESULTS: Failure mechanisms for the repaired specimens were as follows: the braided polyblend had 50% suture breakage and 50% suture pullout; the cable nylon had 100% suture breakage; and the braided polyester had 80% suture breakage and 20% suture pullout.
  • Specimens repaired with the braided polyblend suture had the highest mean ultimate tensile strength (97 N; standard deviation, 22) and the highest mean gap force (35 N; standard deviation, 7).
  • CONCLUSIONS: This study supports the findings of previous studies showing superior strength of the braided polyblend suture.
  • CLINICAL RELEVANCE: We were able to achieve up to 124 N in ultimate tensile strength and 48 N of gap force with this suture in porcine tendons.
  • This gives greater confidence in starting immediate controlled passive or active rehabilitation after repair of flexor tendon injuries.
  • [MeSH-major] Sutures / standards. Tendon Injuries / surgery. Tensile Strength
  • [MeSH-minor] Animals. Biomechanical Phenomena. Humans. Postoperative Care. Suture Techniques. Swine

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  • [Copyright] Copyright © 2012 American Society for Surgery of the Hand. Published by Elsevier Inc. All rights reserved.
  • (PMID = 22857910.001).
  • [ISSN] 1531-6564
  • [Journal-full-title] The Journal of hand surgery
  • [ISO-abbreviation] J Hand Surg Am
  • [Language] eng
  • [Publication-type] Comparative Study; Journal Article; Research Support, Non-U.S. Gov't
  • [Publication-country] United States
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17. |||||..... 50%  Hwang MD, Pettrone S, Trumble TE: Work of flexion related to different suture materials after flexor digitorum profundus and flexor digitorum superficialis tendon repair in zone II: a biomechanical study. J Hand Surg Am; 2009 Apr;34(4):700-4
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  • [Source] The source of this record is MEDLINE®, a database of the U.S. National Library of Medicine.
  • [Title] Work of flexion related to different suture materials after flexor digitorum profundus and flexor digitorum superficialis tendon repair in zone II: a biomechanical study.
  • PURPOSE: Repair of both flexor digitorum profundus (FDP) and flexor digitorum superficialis (FDS) tendons is commonly performed in zone II flexor tendon injuries; however, the bulk of the repair may impair tendon gliding.
  • We evaluated whether repairing 1 slip of FDS tendon and resecting the other would significantly decrease work of flexion and whether suture material affected this interaction in an in vitro study.
  • METHODS: The index, middle, and ring fingers from 10 fresh-frozen human cadaveric hands were disarticulated and their tendon sheaths opened.
  • Lacerations were made in zone II, and then the FDP tendon was repaired with 3 different suture materials: FiberWire, Ticron, and prolene.
  • Further iterations were performed with both slips of FDS tendon repaired and with one slip of FDS tendon repaired and the other resected.
  • Work of flexion after repair of both FDP and FDS tendons increased 51% compared with an increase of 21% after FDP-only repair and an increase of 9% after repair of one and resection of the other slip of FDS.
  • CONCLUSIONS: Resection of 1 slip of FDS tendon significantly reduces work of flexion in zone II flexor tendon repair.
  • Suture material had no effect on this interaction.
  • [MeSH-major] Finger Injuries / physiopathology. Finger Injuries / surgery. Polyesters. Polyethylene. Postoperative Complications / physiopathology. Proline. Range of Motion, Articular / physiology. Sutures. Tendon Injuries / physiopathology. Tendon Injuries / surgery. Tenodesis / methods

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  • HSDB. structure - (L)-PROLINE.
  • HSDB. structure - POLYETHYLENE.
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  • (PMID = 19345873.001).
  • [ISSN] 1531-6564
  • [Journal-full-title] The Journal of hand surgery
  • [ISO-abbreviation] J Hand Surg Am
  • [Language] eng
  • [Publication-type] Comparative Study; In Vitro; Journal Article; Randomized Controlled Trial
  • [Publication-country] United States
  • [Chemical-registry-number] 0 / Polyesters; 26969-66-4 / poly(lactide); 9002-88-4 / Polyethylene; 9DLQ4CIU6V / Proline
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18. |||||..... 50%  Khanna A, Gougoulias N, Maffulli N: Modalities in prevention of flexor tendon adhesion in the hand: what have we achieved so far? Acta Orthop Belg; 2009 Aug;75(4):433-44
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  • [Source] The source of this record is MEDLINE®, a database of the U.S. National Library of Medicine.
  • [Title] Modalities in prevention of flexor tendon adhesion in the hand: what have we achieved so far?
  • Several modifications in surgical techniques and various pharmacological and non pharmacological modalities have been introduced to prevent adhesions formation in surgery on flexor tendons of the hand.
  • Innovations in surgical techniques and other modalities need to be tested with adequately powered human trials, before their potential benefit in clinical practice is accepted.
  • [MeSH-major] Hand Injuries / surgery. Tendon Injuries / surgery
  • [MeSH-minor] Animals. Humans. Orthopedic Procedures. Suture Techniques. Tissue Adhesions / prevention & control

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  • (PMID = 19774808.001).
  • [ISSN] 0001-6462
  • [Journal-full-title] Acta orthopaedica Belgica
  • [ISO-abbreviation] Acta Orthop Belg
  • [Language] eng
  • [Publication-type] Journal Article; Review
  • [Publication-country] Belgium
  • [Number-of-references] 78
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19. |||||..... 50%  Zheng X, An H, Chen T, Wang H: [Effectiveness of modified extensor indicis proprius tendon transfer for reconstruction of spontaneously ruptured extensor pollicis longus tendon]. Zhongguo Xiu Fu Chong Jian Wai Ke Za Zhi; 2012 Sep;26(9):1074-6
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  • [Source] The source of this record is MEDLINE®, a database of the U.S. National Library of Medicine.
  • [Title] [Effectiveness of modified extensor indicis proprius tendon transfer for reconstruction of spontaneously ruptured extensor pollicis longus tendon].
  • OBJECTIVE: To investigate the effectiveness of modified extensor indicis proprius (EIP) tendon transfer for reconstruction of spontaneously ruptured extensor pollicis longus (EPL) tendon by comparing with the traditional EIP tendon transfer.
  • METHODS: Between January 2009 and December 2011, 11 cases of spontaneously ruptured EPL tendon were treated by modified EIP tendon transfer to reconstruct extension function (modified group).
  • On the base of traditional procedure, the proximal end of EPL tendon was sutured with EIP tendon and the distal end of EIP tendon was crossed round extensor pollicis brevis (EPB) tendon and sutured back with EPL tendon.
  • A specific EI-EPL evaluation method (SEEM) was used to measure the EPL tendon function after transfer.
  • The result was compared with that of the other 18 cases undergoing traditional operation (traditional group).
  • In traditional group, 5 cases were out of follow-up, and the other 24 cases were followed up 1 year and 6 months on average (range, 8 months-2 years and 6 months).
  • CONCLUSION: Reconstruction of EPL tendon function by modified EIP tendon transfer is effective and easy.
  • It can increase strength of the transferred tendon and obtain satisfactory results, but the long-term effectiveness needs further follow-up.
  • [MeSH-major] Tendon Injuries / surgery. Tendon Transfer / methods. Thumb / injuries
  • [MeSH-minor] Adult. Female. Follow-Up Studies. Humans. Male. Middle Aged. Patient Satisfaction. Range of Motion, Articular. Rupture, Spontaneous. Suture Techniques. Tendons / surgery. Treatment Outcome. Wrist Joint / surgery

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  • (PMID = 23057350.001).
  • [ISSN] 1002-1892
  • [Journal-full-title] Zhongguo xiu fu chong jian wai ke za zhi = Zhongguo xiufu chongjian waike zazhi = Chinese journal of reparative and reconstructive surgery
  • [ISO-abbreviation] Zhongguo Xiu Fu Chong Jian Wai Ke Za Zhi
  • [Language] chi
  • [Publication-type] English Abstract; Journal Article
  • [Publication-country] China
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20. |||||..... 50%  Low TH, Ahmad TS, Ng ES: Simplifying four-strand flexor tendon repair using double-stranded suture: a comparative ex vivo study on tensile strength and bulking. J Hand Surg Eur Vol; 2012 Feb;37(2):101-8
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  • [Source] The source of this record is MEDLINE®, a database of the U.S. National Library of Medicine.
  • [Title] Simplifying four-strand flexor tendon repair using double-stranded suture: a comparative ex vivo study on tensile strength and bulking.
  • We have compared a simple four-strand flexor tendon repair, the single cross-stitch locked repair using a double-stranded suture (dsSCL) against two other four-strand repairs: the Pennington modified Kessler with double-stranded suture (dsPMK); and the cruciate cross-stitch locked repair with single-stranded suture (Modified Sandow).
  • Thirty fresh frozen cadaveric flexor digitorum profundus tendons were transected and repaired with one of the core repair techniques using identical suture material and reinforced with identical peripheral sutures.
  • Bulking at the repair site and tendon-suture junctions was measured.
  • [MeSH-major] Finger Injuries / surgery. Suture Techniques. Tendon Injuries / surgery. Tensile Strength / physiology

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  • (PMID = 21636621.001).
  • [ISSN] 2043-6289
  • [Journal-full-title] The Journal of hand surgery, European volume
  • [ISO-abbreviation] J Hand Surg Eur Vol
  • [Language] eng
  • [Publication-type] Comparative Study; In Vitro; Journal Article; Research Support, Non-U.S. Gov't
  • [Publication-country] England
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21. |||||..... 48%  Ingle NP, King MW: Optimizing the tissue anchoring performance of barbed sutures in skin and tendon tissues. J Biomech; 2010 Jan 19;43(2):302-9
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  • [Title] Optimizing the tissue anchoring performance of barbed sutures in skin and tendon tissues.
  • The focus of the current work was to study how the geometric design of a single barbed monofilament suture effects its biomechanical behavior.
  • Different cut angles and cut depths of barbs were prepared and tested in vitro for their tensile and tissue anchoring properties by means of a novel suture/tissue pullout test.
  • Experiments were also performed using bovine tendon and porcine skin tissues.
  • The experimental results revealed that since tendon tissue has a higher modulus than skin it needs a more rigid barb to penetrate and anchor the surrounding tissue.
  • On the other hand, for the softer skin tissue, a cut angle of 170 degrees and a cut depth of 0.18 mm provides a more flexible barb that gives superior skin tissue anchoring.
  • These findings confirm that the future development of barbed suture technology requires a detailed understanding of the biomechanical properties of the tissue in which they are to be used.
  • [MeSH-major] Dermatologic Surgical Procedures. Suture Techniques. Sutures. Tendons / surgery

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  • [Copyright] Copyright 2009 Elsevier Ltd. All rights reserved.
  • (PMID = 19883915.001).
  • [ISSN] 1873-2380
  • [Journal-full-title] Journal of biomechanics
  • [ISO-abbreviation] J Biomech
  • [Language] eng
  • [Publication-type] In Vitro; Journal Article; Research Support, Non-U.S. Gov't
  • [Publication-country] United States
  • [Chemical-registry-number] 0 / Polypropylenes
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22. |||||..... 48%  Schaller P: Repair of the flexor pollicis longus tendon with the motion-stable Mantero technique. Scand J Plast Reconstr Surg Hand Surg; 2010 Jun;44(3):163-6
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  • [Title] Repair of the flexor pollicis longus tendon with the motion-stable Mantero technique.
  • Nowadays direct repair is the treatment of choice for a lacerated flexor pollicis longus (FPL) tendon in any anatomical zone.
  • Mantero repair therefore provides a means other than more complex methods to repair FPL tendons and rehabilitation, adding strength while simplifying suture of the FPL.
  • [MeSH-minor] Adolescent. Adult. Aged. Female. Humans. Male. Middle Aged. Range of Motion, Articular / physiology. Tendon Injuries / surgery

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  • (PMID = 20477552.001).
  • [ISSN] 1651-2073
  • [Journal-full-title] Scandinavian journal of plastic and reconstructive surgery and hand surgery / Nordisk plastikkirurgisk forening [and] Nordisk klubb for handkirurgi
  • [ISO-abbreviation] Scand J Plast Reconstr Surg Hand Surg
  • [Language] eng
  • [Publication-type] Journal Article
  • [Publication-country] England
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23. |||||..... 48%  Bidwai AS, Feldberg L: The button-over-nail technique for Zone I flexor tendon injuries. Hand Surg; 2012;17(3):365-9
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  • [Source] The source of this record is MEDLINE®, a database of the U.S. National Library of Medicine.
  • [Title] The button-over-nail technique for Zone I flexor tendon injuries.
  • The "button over the nail" is the most commonly used technique in order to re-insert the flexor digitorum profundus tendon into the distal phalanx in the management of Zone 1 injuries.
  • In this study, 37 patients were identified that had been treated using the "button technique", for which outcome data is collected by hand therapists as part of a prospective flexor tendon injury audit.
  • However, functional outcome when compared to other studies are relatively poor with mean range of motion at the distal interphalangeal joint being 37.5 degrees.
  • [MeSH-major] Bone Nails. Finger Injuries / surgery. Orthopedic Procedures / methods. Suture Techniques / instrumentation. Tendon Injuries / surgery. Tendons / surgery

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  • (PMID = 23061947.001).
  • [ISSN] 1793-6535
  • [Journal-full-title] Hand surgery : an international journal devoted to hand and upper limb surgery and related research : journal of the Asia-Pacific Federation of Societies for Surgery of the Hand
  • [ISO-abbreviation] Hand Surg
  • [Language] eng
  • [Publication-type] Comparative Study; Journal Article
  • [Publication-country] Singapore
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24. |||||..... 48%  Gulihar A, Hajipour L, Dias JJ: Comparison of three different peripheral suturing techniques for partial flexor tendon lacerations: a controlled in-vitro biomechanical study. Hand Surg; 2012;17(2):155-60
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  • [Source] The source of this record is MEDLINE®, a database of the U.S. National Library of Medicine.
  • [Title] Comparison of three different peripheral suturing techniques for partial flexor tendon lacerations: a controlled in-vitro biomechanical study.
  • Surgical repair is advocated for partial flexor tendon lacerations deeper than 70%.
  • We compared gliding resistance with three different peripheral repairs in partial flexor tendon lacerations.
  • The tendons were then lacerated to 50% and repaired with a modified Kessler core suture and either a Silfverskiold or Halsted repair or a simple running suture and gliding resistance was measured.
  • Compared to the intact tendon, the increase in gliding resistance after surgical repair was 100% with the Halsted repair, 80% with the Silfverskiold repair and 60% with a running suture (p = 0.05).
  • In conclusion, a simple running suture caused less resistance to gliding compared to the other techniques when repairing partial flexor tendon lacerations and we recommend its use when surgical repair is needed.
  • [MeSH-major] Lacerations / physiopathology. Lacerations / surgery. Suture Techniques. Tendon Injuries / physiopathology. Tendon Injuries / surgery

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  • (PMID = 22745077.001).
  • [ISSN] 1793-6535
  • [Journal-full-title] Hand surgery : an international journal devoted to hand and upper limb surgery and related research : journal of the Asia-Pacific Federation of Societies for Surgery of the Hand
  • [ISO-abbreviation] Hand Surg
  • [Language] eng
  • [Publication-type] Comparative Study; In Vitro; Journal Article; Research Support, Non-U.S. Gov't
  • [Publication-country] Singapore
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25. |||||..... 47%  Hammond K, Starr H, Katz D, Seiler J: Effect of aftercare regimen with extensor tendon repair: a systematic review of the literature. J Surg Orthop Adv; 2012;21(4):246-52
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  • [Source] The source of this record is MEDLINE®, a database of the U.S. National Library of Medicine.
  • [Title] Effect of aftercare regimen with extensor tendon repair: a systematic review of the literature.
  • Over the past several years, advances in the treatment of extensor tendon injuries have focused mainly on changes to postoperative protocols.
  • In addition, early motion, once thought to increase the risk of tendon rupture, has shown encouraging results.
  • The purpose of this article was to conduct a systematic review of the literature to determine the optimal postoperative protocol following extensor tendon repair.
  • A systematic review was conducted of PubMed and Cochrane databases to identify all English-language clinical papers reporting results on the surgical treatment and rehabilitation of extensor tendon injuries.
  • However, complication rates were as follows: static splinting complication rate was 4.1% with 1.8% requiring tenolysis and 0.9% tendon ruptures, dynamic splinting complication rate was 4.3% with 3.2% extensor tendon lags and 0.2% tendon rupture, and early motion complication rate was 1.7% with 0.8% tendon ruptures.
  • Early active motion protocols following extensor tendon repair provides a relatively lower complication rate than other postoperative regimens.
  • [MeSH-major] Aftercare. Tendon Injuries / rehabilitation. Tendon Injuries / surgery
  • [MeSH-minor] Humans. Lacerations / surgery. Range of Motion, Articular. Splints. Suture Techniques

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  • (PMID = 23327851.001).
  • [ISSN] 1548-825X
  • [Journal-full-title] Journal of surgical orthopaedic advances
  • [ISO-abbreviation] J Surg Orthop Adv
  • [Language] eng
  • [Publication-type] Journal Article; Meta-Analysis; Review
  • [Publication-country] United States
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26. |||||..... 47%  Citak M, Backhaus M, Seybold D, Suero EM, Schildhauer TA, Roetman B: Surgical repair of the distal biceps brachii tendon: a comparative study of three surgical fixation techniques. Knee Surg Sports Traumatol Arthrosc; 2011 Nov;19(11):1936-41
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  • [Source] The source of this record is MEDLINE®, a database of the U.S. National Library of Medicine.
  • [Title] Surgical repair of the distal biceps brachii tendon: a comparative study of three surgical fixation techniques.
  • PURPOSE: Several fixation techniques exist to repair the distal biceps brachii tendon.
  • We aimed to evaluate the clinical and functional outcomes after distal biceps tendon repair using three different fixation techniques.
  • Surgery was performed using a single-incision approach with Corkscrews or Mitek suture anchors or with a two-incision exposure using transosseous sutures.
  • The patients were evaluated with range of motion (ROM) measurements for flection/extension and pronation/supination as well as Disabilities of Arm Shoulder and Hand (DASH) scores.
  • CONCLUSIONS: In summary, we achieved good clinical and functional results after surgical repair of the distal biceps tendon using Corkscrews, Mitek anchors, or transosseous sutures.
  • The results conferred by Corkscrews were comparable to the other techniques, justifying their use.
  • [MeSH-major] Elbow / surgery. Orthopedic Procedures / methods. Suture Anchors. Sutures. Tendon Injuries / surgery. Tendons / surgery

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  • (PMID = 21713413.001).
  • [ISSN] 1433-7347
  • [Journal-full-title] Knee surgery, sports traumatology, arthroscopy : official journal of the ESSKA
  • [ISO-abbreviation] Knee Surg Sports Traumatol Arthrosc
  • [Language] eng
  • [Publication-type] Comparative Study; Journal Article
  • [Publication-country] Germany
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27. |||||..... 47%  Zhu L, Xu H, Zhang X, Hou Q: [Effectiveness comparison of micro-anchor repair and modified pull-out suture in treatment of mallet fingers]. Zhongguo Xiu Fu Chong Jian Wai Ke Za Zhi; 2012 Sep;26(9):1077-80
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  • [Source] The source of this record is MEDLINE®, a database of the U.S. National Library of Medicine.
  • [Title] [Effectiveness comparison of micro-anchor repair and modified pull-out suture in treatment of mallet fingers].
  • OBJECTIVE: To compare the effectiveness between micro-anchor repair and modified pull-out suture in the treatment of mallet fingers.
  • METHODS: Between June 2010 and March 2011, 33 patients with mallet fingers were treated by micro-anchor repair method (n = 18, group A) and by modified pull-out suture method in which the broken tendons were sutured with double metal needle Bunnell's suture and a knot was tied palmarly (n = 15, group B).
  • Incision infection occurred in 2 cases of group A and 1 case of group B; the other patients obtained healing of incision by first intention.
  • CONCLUSION: Both micro-anchor repair and modified pull-out suture are simple and effective methods in the treatment of mallet finger.
  • But compared with micro-anchor repair, pull-out suture has lower expense.
  • [MeSH-major] Finger Injuries / surgery. Fracture Fixation, Internal / methods. Hand Deformities, Acquired / surgery. Suture Techniques
  • [MeSH-minor] Adolescent. Adult. Aged. Bone Nails. Female. Fractures, Bone / surgery. Humans. Male. Middle Aged. Postoperative Complications / epidemiology. Recovery of Function. Retrospective Studies. Sutures. Tendon Injuries / surgery. Treatment Outcome. Young Adult

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  • (PMID = 23057351.001).
  • [ISSN] 1002-1892
  • [Journal-full-title] Zhongguo xiu fu chong jian wai ke za zhi = Zhongguo xiufu chongjian waike zazhi = Chinese journal of reparative and reconstructive surgery
  • [ISO-abbreviation] Zhongguo Xiu Fu Chong Jian Wai Ke Za Zhi
  • [Language] chi
  • [Publication-type] Comparative Study; English Abstract; Journal Article
  • [Publication-country] China
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28. |||||..... 47%  Mercer D, Fitzpatrick J, Firoozbakhsh K, Carvalho A, Moneim M: Extensor tendon repair with and without central slip reattachment to bone: a biomechanical study. J Hand Surg Am; 2009 Jan;34(1):108-11
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  • [Source] The source of this record is MEDLINE®, a database of the U.S. National Library of Medicine.
  • [Title] Extensor tendon repair with and without central slip reattachment to bone: a biomechanical study.
  • PURPOSE: Swanson's technique for repair of the extensor tendon of the proximal interphalangeal (PIP) joint, entailing bony reattachment of the extensor tendon to the base of the middle phalanx, is a common procedure.
  • The extensor tendon is incised longitudinally directly over the PIP joint.
  • The extensor tendon is then repaired by side-to-side approximation using Ethibond suture.
  • Twelve control digits were used to measure the fixation strength and stiffness of the Swanson approach, and the other 12 digits were used to measure the fixation strength and stiffness of the new procedure.
  • RESULTS: All tendon repairs tolerated physiologic loading of 25 N.
  • [MeSH-major] Finger Joint / surgery. Finger Phalanges / surgery. Orthopedic Procedures / methods. Tendon Injuries / surgery. Tensile Strength
  • [MeSH-minor] Cadaver. Case-Control Studies. Humans. Polyethylene Terephthalates. Suture Techniques. Weight-Bearing / physiology

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  • (PMID = 19081684.001).
  • [ISSN] 1531-6564
  • [Journal-full-title] The Journal of hand surgery
  • [ISO-abbreviation] J Hand Surg Am
  • [Language] eng
  • [Publication-type] Comparative Study; Journal Article
  • [Publication-country] United States
  • [Chemical-registry-number] 0 / Ethibond; 0 / Polyethylene Terephthalates
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29. |||||..... 47%  Grewal R, Athwal GS, MacDermid JC, Faber KJ, Drosdowech DS, El-Hawary R, King GJ: Single versus double-incision technique for the repair of acute distal biceps tendon ruptures: a randomized clinical trial. J Bone Joint Surg Am; 2012 Jul 3;94(13):1166-74
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  • [Source] The source of this record is MEDLINE®, a database of the U.S. National Library of Medicine.
  • [Title] Single versus double-incision technique for the repair of acute distal biceps tendon ruptures: a randomized clinical trial.
  • BACKGROUND: This clinical trial was done to evaluate outcomes of the single and double-incision techniques for acute distal biceps tendon repair.
  • METHODS: Patients with an acute distal biceps rupture were randomized to either a single-incision repair with use of two suture anchors (n = 47) or a double-incision repair with use of transosseous drill holes (n = 44).
  • Secondary outcomes included muscle strength, complication rates, and Disabilities of the Arm, Shoulder and Hand (DASH) and Patient-Rated Elbow Evaluation (PREE) scores.
  • CONCLUSIONS: There were no significant differences in outcomes between the single and double-incision distal biceps repair techniques other than a 10% advantage in final flexion strength with the latter.
  • [MeSH-major] Muscle, Skeletal / surgery. Orthopedic Procedures / instrumentation. Suture Anchors. Suture Techniques. Tendon Injuries / surgery

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  • [CommentIn] Z Orthop Unfall. 2012 Oct;150(5):458-9 [23236632.001]
  • (PMID = 22760383.001).
  • [ISSN] 1535-1386
  • [Journal-full-title] The Journal of bone and joint surgery. American volume
  • [ISO-abbreviation] J Bone Joint Surg Am
  • [Language] eng
  • [Publication-type] Comparative Study; Journal Article; Randomized Controlled Trial
  • [Publication-country] United States
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30. |||||..... 47%  Koh KH, Ahn JH, Kim SM, Yoo JC: Treatment of biceps tendon lesions in the setting of rotator cuff tears: prospective cohort study of tenotomy versus tenodesis. Am J Sports Med; 2010 Aug;38(8):1584-90
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  • [Source] The source of this record is MEDLINE®, a database of the U.S. National Library of Medicine.
  • [Title] Treatment of biceps tendon lesions in the setting of rotator cuff tears: prospective cohort study of tenotomy versus tenodesis.
  • BACKGROUND: During rotator cuff repair, biceps tendon lesions are frequently encountered.
  • PURPOSE: To compare the results of tenotomy and suture anchor tenodesis prospectively.
  • METHODS: From January 2006 to June 2007, 90 patients (age, >55 years) with a rotator cuff tear and biceps tendon lesion (tear more than 30%, subluxation or dislocation, or degenerative superior labrum anterior to posterior lesion type II) were evaluated prospectively.
  • Postoperatively, patient evaluations were conducted with a focus on (1) "Popeye" deformity, (2) arm cramping pain, and (3) elbow flexion powers (measured with a hand dynamometer).
  • CONCLUSION: Suture anchor tenodesis of the long head of the biceps tendon appears to lead to less Popeye deformity than tenotomy.
  • No other clinical variables showed a difference between the 2 modalities.
  • [MeSH-major] Arm. Muscle, Skeletal / surgery. Rotator Cuff / injuries. Tendon Injuries / surgery. Tenodesis

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  • [CommentIn] Z Orthop Unfall. 2010 Sep;148(5):508 [20931697.001]
  • (PMID = 20551285.001).
  • [ISSN] 1552-3365
  • [Journal-full-title] The American journal of sports medicine
  • [ISO-abbreviation] Am J Sports Med
  • [Language] eng
  • [Publication-type] Comparative Study; Journal Article
  • [Publication-country] United States
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31. |||||..... 46%  Henn RF 3rd, Kuo CE, Kessler MW, Razzano P, Grande DP, Wolfe SW: Augmentation of zone II flexor tendon repair using growth differentiation factor 5 in a rabbit model. J Hand Surg Am; 2010 Nov;35(11):1825-32
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  • [Source] The source of this record is MEDLINE®, a database of the U.S. National Library of Medicine.
  • [Title] Augmentation of zone II flexor tendon repair using growth differentiation factor 5 in a rabbit model.
  • PURPOSE: Modulation of zone II flexor tendon repair healing using growth factors may reduce the incidence of complications, such as rupture and fibrosis.
  • We hypothesized that sutures coated with growth differentiation factor 5 (GDF5) will stimulate the healing of zone II flexor tendon repairs.
  • METHODS: We created and immediately repaired zone II flexor tendon lacerations in the second and fourth toe of the right forepaw of 44 New Zealand White rabbits.
  • One tendon was repaired with suture coated with GDF5, whereas the other tendon was repaired with suture without GDF5 (control).
  • We randomized the allocation of GDF5 and control suture to either toe.
  • CONCLUSIONS: The results demonstrate that GDF5 has an early beneficial effect on tendon healing in zone II flexor tendon repairs in a rabbit flexor tendon injury model.
  • [MeSH-major] Growth Differentiation Factor 5 / pharmacology. Sutures. Tendon Injuries / pathology. Tendon Injuries / surgery

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  • [Copyright] Copyright © 2010 American Society for Surgery of the Hand. Published by Elsevier Inc. All rights reserved.
  • (PMID = 21050966.001).
  • [ISSN] 1531-6564
  • [Journal-full-title] The Journal of hand surgery
  • [ISO-abbreviation] J Hand Surg Am
  • [Language] eng
  • [Publication-type] Comparative Study; Journal Article
  • [Publication-country] United States
  • [Chemical-registry-number] 0 / Coated Materials, Biocompatible; 0 / Growth Differentiation Factor 5
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32. |||||..... 46%  Markeson DB, Evgeniou E, Choa R, Iyer S: The simple transverse intraosseous phalangeal suture for zone 1 flexor digitorum profundus injuries: case series and review of the literature. Plast Reconstr Surg; 2013 May;131(5):788e-93e
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  • [Source] The source of this record is MEDLINE®, a database of the U.S. National Library of Medicine.
  • [Title] The simple transverse intraosseous phalangeal suture for zone 1 flexor digitorum profundus injuries: case series and review of the literature.
  • BACKGROUND: Zone 1 flexor digitorum profundus injury often precludes the use of a simple core suture as a result of a distal remnant that is too short.
  • The aim of this study was to assess the senior author's (S.I.) simple technique for reinsertion of the flexor digitorum profundus tendon.
  • A two-strand repair was anchored to the distal phalanx using the author's technique, which involved passing a 3-0 polypropylene suture on a straight needle through a hypodermic needle that had been drilled through the base of the distal phalanx.
  • RESULTS: Two patients had excellent results and 10 had good results in terms of distal interphalangeal joint range of movement (mean, 57 degrees; range, 51 to 80 degrees) and Quick Disabilities of the Arm, Shoulder and Hand questionnaire scores (mean, 12; range, 0 to 31.8).
  • There were no reported tendon ruptures at the time of writing this article (range, 6 to 37 months after surgery).
  • CONCLUSIONS: The authors present a technique for the repair of zone 1 flexor digitorum profundus injuries that is simple, can be performed quickly, is easily learned, and has results that compare favorably with other techniques in the literature.


33. ||||...... 44%  Lee SK, Fajardo M, Kardashian G, Klein J, Tsai P, Christoforou D: Repair of flexor digitorum profundus to distal phalanx: a biomechanical evaluation of four techniques. J Hand Surg Am; 2011 Oct;36(10):1604-9
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  • [Source] The source of this record is MEDLINE®, a database of the U.S. National Library of Medicine.
  • The purpose of this study was to test the biomechanical characteristics of an anchor-button (AB) technique, as compared to 3 other techniques.
  • METHODS: Twenty-four fresh-frozen human cadaveric fingers were randomized to 4 groups, 6 in each: group 1, 2-strand Bunnell suture button pullout technique; group 2, modified Kessler suture and 2 retrograde anchors; group 3: locking Krakow suture with 2 retrograde anchors; group 4, AB technique incorporating a 2-part repair, consisting of a locking dorsal Krakow suture with 2 retrograde anchors and a locking palmar Krakow suture fixed with a button.
  • Tendon-to-bone gapping was measured after cyclical loading.
  • RESULTS: The AB technique resulted in significantly less gapping when compared to the other techniques.
  • It also resulted in a significantly stronger repair compared to all the other groups with an average load to failure comparable to the native tendon-to-bone interface.
  • CONCLUSIONS: The AB repair might allow for early active postoperative motion after repair of flexor digitorum profundus avulsion injuries and tendon reconstruction procedures; however, the soft tissue effects of this multistrand technique are unknown in clinical repairs.
  • [MeSH-major] Finger Injuries / surgery. Suture Anchors. Suture Techniques. Tendon Injuries / surgery. Tendons / surgery

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  • [Copyright] Copyright © 2011 American Society for Surgery of the Hand. Published by Elsevier Inc. All rights reserved.
  • (PMID = 21873002.001).
  • [ISSN] 1531-6564
  • [Journal-full-title] The Journal of hand surgery
  • [ISO-abbreviation] J Hand Surg Am
  • [Language] eng
  • [Publication-type] Comparative Study; In Vitro; Journal Article
  • [Publication-country] United States
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34. ||||...... 43%  Schöffl V, Küpper T, Hartmann J, Schöffl I: Surgical repair of multiple pulley injuries--evaluation of a new combined pulley repair. J Hand Surg Am; 2012 Feb;37(2):224-30
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  • [Source] The source of this record is MEDLINE®, a database of the U.S. National Library of Medicine.
  • PURPOSE: We report on a combined repair of multiple annular pulley tears using 1 continuous palmaris longus tendon graft to restore strength and function.
  • Proximal interphalangeal joint flexion deficit slightly increased in 1 patient and remained the same in the other 5.
  • [MeSH-major] Finger Injuries / surgery. Mountaineering / injuries. Multiple Trauma / surgery. Tendon Injuries / surgery. Tendon Transfer / methods. Tenodesis / methods
  • [MeSH-minor] Adult. Cohort Studies. Female. Humans. Male. Range of Motion, Articular. Recovery of Function. Suture Techniques. Treatment Outcome

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  • [Copyright] Copyright © 2012 American Society for Surgery of the Hand. Published by Elsevier Inc. All rights reserved.
  • (PMID = 22209212.001).
  • [ISSN] 1531-6564
  • [Journal-full-title] The Journal of hand surgery
  • [ISO-abbreviation] J Hand Surg Am
  • [Language] eng
  • [Publication-type] Journal Article
  • [Publication-country] United States
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35. ||||...... 43%  Lenschow S, Schliemann B, Gestring J, Herbort M, Schulze M, Kösters C: Medial patellofemoral ligament reconstruction: fixation strength of 5 different techniques for graft fixation at the patella. Arthroscopy; 2013 Apr;29(4):766-73
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  • [Source] The source of this record is MEDLINE®, a database of the U.S. National Library of Medicine.
  • PURPOSE: To compare the structural properties of 5 different fixation strategies for a free tendon graft at the patella in medial patellofemoral ligament (MPFL) reconstruction under cyclic loading and load to failure testing.
  • We tested the following fixation techniques: 3.5-mm titanium anchor, transosseous 1-mm braided polyester suture, interference screw fixation, medial bone bridge, and transpatellar tunnels.
  • Fixation by transosseous sutures showed significantly less stiffness compared with all other techniques (P < .05).
  • The bone bridge technique showed significantly lower load to failure compared with all other techniques (P < .05).
  • Differences between the other groups were not significant.
  • CONCLUSIONS: Fixation of a free tendon graft by transosseous sutures provides similar load to failure and elongation but less stiffness compared with fixation by anchors, interference screws, or transverse tunnels.
  • Load to failure for the bone bridge technique was significantly lower than that for all other techniques.
  • CLINICAL RELEVANCE: Fixation of soft tissue grafts at the patella by 1-mm braided polyester suture provides adequate fixation strength without implants in the patella, which might cause soft tissue irritation.
  • [MeSH-minor] Animals. Biomechanical Phenomena. Models, Animal. Suture Techniques. Swine

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  • [Copyright] Copyright © 2013 Arthroscopy Association of North America. Published by Elsevier Inc. All rights reserved.
  • (PMID = 23395115.001).
  • [ISSN] 1526-3231
  • [Journal-full-title] Arthroscopy : the journal of arthroscopic & related surgery : official publication of the Arthroscopy Association of North America and the International Arthroscopy Association
  • [ISO-abbreviation] Arthroscopy
  • [Language] eng
  • [Publication-type] Comparative Study; Journal Article
  • [Publication-country] United States
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36. ||||...... 43%  Jarrett CD, Schmidt CC: Arthroscopic treatment of rotator cuff disease. J Hand Surg Am; 2011 Sep;36(9):1541-52; quiz 1552
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  • Partial tears involving greater than 50% of tendon thickness should be repaired.
  • True pseudoparalysis of the shoulder is a contraindication to this procedure alone and other alternatives should be considered.
  • [MeSH-minor] Biomechanical Phenomena. Catheter Ablation / adverse effects. Debridement. Extracellular Matrix / transplantation. Humans. Magnetic Resonance Imaging. Physical Examination / methods. Physical Therapy Modalities. Platelet-Rich Plasma. Postoperative Care. Postoperative Complications. Suture Anchors / adverse effects. Suture Techniques. Tendons / transplantation. Tissue Scaffolds

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  • [Copyright] Copyright © 2011 American Society for Surgery of the Hand. Published by Elsevier Inc. All rights reserved.
  • (PMID = 21821368.001).
  • [ISSN] 1531-6564
  • [Journal-full-title] The Journal of hand surgery
  • [ISO-abbreviation] J Hand Surg Am
  • [Language] eng
  • [Publication-type] Journal Article; Review
  • [Publication-country] United States
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37. ||||...... 43%  Scherman P, Haddad R, Scougall P, Walsh WR: Cross-sectional area and strength differences of fiberwire, prolene, and ticron sutures. J Hand Surg Am; 2010 May;35(5):780-4
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  • [Source] The source of this record is MEDLINE®, a database of the U.S. National Library of Medicine.
  • PURPOSE: Flexor tendons should be repaired with suture material strong enough to permit early motion and small enough for the resulting knot to allow unimpeded tendon glide and healing.
  • Ten strands of each suture material and size had a single throw knot placed, and they were loaded to failure in a micromechanical tester.
  • CONCLUSIONS: Fiberwire is not only stronger, but also larger than other sutures in the same or even higher suture size category.
  • Failure to meet the United States Pharmacopeia standards for suture diameter is declared in the product information sheet, although surgeons may not be aware of these size variations.
  • Suture size definitions are currently based on diameter, a consistent measure for circular monofilament sutures, but not for braided or noncircular sutures.

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  • [Copyright] Copyright 2010 American Society for Surgery of the Hand. Published by Elsevier Inc. All rights reserved.
  • (PMID = 20378276.001).
  • [ISSN] 1531-6564
  • [Journal-full-title] The Journal of hand surgery
  • [ISO-abbreviation] J Hand Surg Am
  • [Language] eng
  • [Publication-type] Comparative Study; Journal Article
  • [Publication-country] United States
  • [Chemical-registry-number] 0 / Polyesters; 0 / Polypropylenes; 26969-66-4 / poly(lactide)
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38. ||||...... 43%  Yeh PC, Dodds SD, Smart LR, Mazzocca AD, Sethi PM: Distal triceps rupture. J Am Acad Orthop Surg; 2010 Jan;18(1):31-40
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  • Other local and systemic risk factors include local steroid injection, olecranon bursitis, and hyperparathyroidism.
  • Distal triceps rupture is usually caused by a fall on an outstretched hand or a direct blow.
  • Although plain radiographs are helpful in ruling out other elbow pathology, MRI is used to confirm the diagnosis, classify the injury, and guide management.
  • [MeSH-major] Elbow Joint / injuries. Tendon Injuries / surgery. Tendons / surgery
  • [MeSH-minor] Humans. Magnetic Resonance Imaging. Physical Examination. Postoperative Care. Range of Motion, Articular. Reoperation. Rupture. Suture Techniques

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  • (PMID = 20044490.001).
  • [ISSN] 1067-151X
  • [Journal-full-title] The Journal of the American Academy of Orthopaedic Surgeons
  • [ISO-abbreviation] J Am Acad Orthop Surg
  • [Language] eng
  • [Publication-type] Journal Article; Review
  • [Publication-country] United States
  • [Number-of-references] 41
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39. ||||...... 39%  Abad JM, Garcia-Lopez I, Torrejón EF, Garcia de Lucas F: A loop suture for dynamic tendon transfer in the repair of chronic or acute extensor pollicis longus ruptures. Tech Hand Up Extrem Surg; 2014 Jun;18(2):62-5
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  • [Source] The source of this record is MEDLINE®, a database of the U.S. National Library of Medicine.
  • [Title] A loop suture for dynamic tendon transfer in the repair of chronic or acute extensor pollicis longus ruptures.
  • Ruptures of extensor pollicis longus (EPL) tendon may need a tendon transfer for repair, especially in chronic ruptures.
  • We describe a novel transfer technique using a loop-tendon suture for dynamic transfer of extensor pollicis brevis to EPL.
  • We performed an end-to-side transfixing-loop self-locking suture preserving the extensor pollicis brevis, which acts as a motor unit for the distal end of the repaired tendon.
  • An early rehabilitation program may be started when no other associated injuries exist.

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  • (PMID = 24389844.001).
  • [ISSN] 1531-6572
  • [Journal-full-title] Techniques in hand & upper extremity surgery
  • [ISO-abbreviation] Tech Hand Up Extrem Surg
  • [Language] eng
  • [Publication-type] Journal Article
  • [Publication-country] United States
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40. ||||...... 38%  Chu JY, Chen T, Awad HA, Elfar J, Hammert WC: Comparison of an all-inside suture technique with traditional pull-out suture and suture anchor repair techniques for flexor digitorum profundus attachment to bone. J Hand Surg Am; 2013 Jun;38(6):1084-90
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  • [Title] Comparison of an all-inside suture technique with traditional pull-out suture and suture anchor repair techniques for flexor digitorum profundus attachment to bone.
  • PURPOSE: One goal in repairing zone 1 flexor digitorum profundus (FDP) injuries is to create a tendon-bone construct strong enough to allow early rehabilitation while minimizing morbidity.
  • This study compares an all-inside suture repair technique biomechanically with pull-out suture and double-suture anchor repairs.
  • In all-inside suture repairs (n = 8), the FDP tendon was attached to bone with two 3-0 Ethibond sutures and tied over the dorsal aspect of distal phalanx.
  • Pull-out suture repairs (n = 8) were performed with 2-0 Prolene suture and tied over a dorsal button.
  • There were 2 suture anchor repair groups: Arthrex Micro Corkscrew anchors preloaded with 2-0 FiberWire suture (n = 7) and Depuy Micro Mitek anchors preloaded with 3-0 Orthocord suture (n = 7).
  • Failure mode was suture stretch and gap formation greater than 2 mm at the repair site for all pull-out suture repairs and for 7 of 8 all-inside suture repairs.
  • CONCLUSIONS: This cadaveric biomechanical study showed no difference in tensile stiffness, ultimate load, and work to failures between an all-inside suture repair technique for zone 1 FDP repairs and previously described pull-out suture and suture anchor repair techniques.
  • The all-inside suture technique also has the advantages of avoiding an external button and the cost of anchors.
  • Therefore, it should be considered as an alternative to other techniques.
  • [MeSH-major] Finger Injuries / surgery. Suture Anchors. Suture Techniques. Tendon Injuries / surgery

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  • [Copyright] Copyright © 2013 American Society for Surgery of the Hand. Published by Elsevier Inc. All rights reserved.
  • (PMID = 23578439.001).
  • [ISSN] 1531-6564
  • [Journal-full-title] The Journal of hand surgery
  • [ISO-abbreviation] J Hand Surg Am
  • [Language] eng
  • [Publication-type] Comparative Study; Journal Article
  • [Publication-country] United States
  • [Chemical-registry-number] 0 / Ethibond; 0 / Polyethylene Terephthalates
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41. ||||...... 38%  Peltz TS, Haddad R, Scougall PJ, Gianoutsos MP, Bertollo N, Walsh WR: Performance of a knotless four-strand flexor tendon repair with a unidirectional barbed suture device: a dynamic ex vivo comparison. J Hand Surg Eur Vol; 2014 Jan;39(1):30-9
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  • [Source] The source of this record is MEDLINE®, a database of the U.S. National Library of Medicine.
  • [Title] Performance of a knotless four-strand flexor tendon repair with a unidirectional barbed suture device: a dynamic ex vivo comparison.
  • With increased numbers of reports using barbed sutures for tendon repairs we felt the need to design a specific tendon repair method to draw the best utility from these materials.
  • One group was repaired with a new four-strand barbed suture repair method without knot.
  • The other group was repaired with a conventional four-strand cross-locked cruciate repair method (Adelaide repair) with knot.
  • The barbed suture repair group showed higher resistance to gap formation throughout the test.
  • Additionally final failure force was higher for the barbed suture group compared with the conventional repair group.
  • When used appropriately, barbed suture materials could be beneficial to use in tendon surgery, especially with regard to early loading of the repair site and gap formation.
  • [MeSH-major] Suture Techniques / instrumentation. Tendon Injuries / surgery. Tendons / surgery

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  • [CommentIn] J Hand Surg Eur Vol. 2014 Jan;39(1):116-7 [24511623.001]
  • [CommentIn] J Hand Surg Eur Vol. 2014 Jan;39(1):116 [24366924.001]
  • (PMID = 23435491.001).
  • [ISSN] 2043-6289
  • [Journal-full-title] The Journal of hand surgery, European volume
  • [ISO-abbreviation] J Hand Surg Eur Vol
  • [Language] eng
  • [Publication-type] Comparative Study; Journal Article
  • [Publication-country] England
  • [Keywords] NOTNLM ; Adelaide repair / Barbed suture / cyclic testing / flexor tendon repair / gap formation / ultimate failure load
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42. ||||...... 37%  Mehdi Nasab SA, Sarrafan N, Saeidian SR, Emami H: Functional outcome of flexor tendon repair of the hand at Zone 5 and post operative early mobilization of the fingers. Pak J Med Sci; 2013 Jan;29(1):43-6
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  • [Title] Functional outcome of flexor tendon repair of the hand at Zone 5 and post operative early mobilization of the fingers.
  • Objective : There are few reports on outcome following flexor tendon repair of the hand in zone 5.
  • We hypothesized that early mobilization of the fingers is possible if the suture site of repaired tendon is strong enough.
  • The aim of this study was to assess the results of flexor tendon repair in this zone using modified Kessler method reinforced by peripheral running suture and a post operative early active and passive mobilization of the fingers.
  • METHODOLOGY: This prospective study was carried out between April 2006 and Feb 2010, and 171 digits flexor tendons cut in 42 patients were repaired by modified Kessler technique reinforced by running peripheral suture.
  • Good to excellent results were seen in of 79.34% of FPL and 74.65% of other finger flexors.
  • Conclusion : Most patients following flexor tendon repair at zone 5 obtained good results.

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  • (PMID = 24353505.001).
  • [ISSN] 1682-024X
  • [Journal-full-title] Pakistan journal of medical sciences
  • [ISO-abbreviation] Pak J Med Sci
  • [Language] eng
  • [Publication-type] Journal Article
  • [Publication-country] Pakistan
  • [Other-IDs] NLM/ PMC3809199
  • [Keywords] NOTNLM ; Early Finger Mobilization / Flexor Tendon Injury / Hand Function / Kessler Technique / Zone 5
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43. ||||...... 36%  Al-Qattan MM: Clinical use of a combined grasping and locking core suture technique for flexor tendon repair in zone II. J Plast Surg Hand Surg; 2013 Dec;47(6):438-41
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  • [Source] The source of this record is MEDLINE®, a database of the U.S. National Library of Medicine.
  • [Title] Clinical use of a combined grasping and locking core suture technique for flexor tendon repair in zone II.
  • Previous authors have used either a grasping or a locking technique for flexor tendon repair in zone II.
  • The combined repair is known to be strong (mean tensile strength of 164 N), and the technique was used in selected cases who were thought to be at higher risk of rupture either because of excessive digital oedema (in early tendon repairs) or because of tendon retraction (in late primary tendon repairs).
  • The 10-strand repair was bulky and, hence, only the profundus tendon was repaired; and "venting" of the pulley system was done proximal to the repair site as recommended by other authors.
  • It was concluded that the bulky 10-strand repair may be used for zone II finger flexor tendon lacerations as long as a profundus-(?
  • [MeSH-major] Hand Injuries / surgery. Suture Techniques. Tendon Injuries / surgery

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  • (PMID = 23829500.001).
  • [ISSN] 2000-6764
  • [Journal-full-title] Journal of plastic surgery and hand surgery
  • [ISO-abbreviation] J Plast Surg Hand Surg
  • [Language] eng
  • [Publication-type] Journal Article; Research Support, Non-U.S. Gov't
  • [Publication-country] Sweden
  • [Chemical-registry-number] 0 / Polypropylenes
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44. ||||...... 36%  Putnam MD, Meyer NJ, Baker D, Brehmer J, Carlson BD: Trapezium excision and suture suspensionplasty (TESS) for the treatment of thumb carpometacarpal arthritis. Tech Hand Up Extrem Surg; 2014 Jun;18(2):102-8
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  • [Source] The source of this record is MEDLINE®, a database of the U.S. National Library of Medicine.
  • [Title] Trapezium excision and suture suspensionplasty (TESS) for the treatment of thumb carpometacarpal arthritis.
  • Through retrospective evaluation of a cohort of patients who underwent suture suspensionplasty, we determined the postoperative effect on strength, motion, patient satisfaction, complications, and radiographic maintenance of the scaphoid-metacarpal distance.
  • This review shows the method to be clinically effective and, by comparison with a more traditional ligament reconstruction trapezial interposition arthroplasty, the method does not require use of autograft or allograft tendon and has fewer surgical steps.
  • A Disabilities of the Arm, Shoulder, and Hand patient-reported outcome instrument (DASH) scores averaged 30 at final follow-up.
  • In summary, this technique appears to be technically reproducible, requires no additional tendon material, and achieves objectively and subjectively similar results to other reported procedures used to manage first CMC Arthritis.

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  • (PMID = 24710320.001).
  • [ISSN] 1531-6572
  • [Journal-full-title] Techniques in hand & upper extremity surgery
  • [ISO-abbreviation] Tech Hand Up Extrem Surg
  • [Language] eng
  • [Publication-type] Journal Article
  • [Publication-country] United States
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45. ||||...... 36%  Huq S, George S, Boyce DE: The outcomes of zone 1 flexor tendon injuries treated using micro bone suture anchors. J Hand Surg Eur Vol; 2013 Nov;38(9):973-8
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  • [Source] The source of this record is MEDLINE®, a database of the U.S. National Library of Medicine.
  • [Title] The outcomes of zone 1 flexor tendon injuries treated using micro bone suture anchors.
  • This article evaluates the outcome of 42 consecutive zone 1 flexor tendon injuries treated by using micro bone anchors during the period 2003-2008.
  • One patient sustained a tendon rupture and one developed osteomyelitis.
  • This is the largest clinical study on the use of bone anchors for zone 1 tendon injuries.
  • Our study demonstrated a low rate of complications and outcomes that compare favourably with other published techniques.
  • [MeSH-major] Finger Injuries / surgery. Suture Anchors. Tendon Injuries / surgery

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  • (PMID = 23390152.001).
  • [ISSN] 2043-6289
  • [Journal-full-title] The Journal of hand surgery, European volume
  • [ISO-abbreviation] J Hand Surg Eur Vol
  • [Language] eng
  • [Publication-type] Journal Article
  • [Publication-country] England
  • [Keywords] NOTNLM ; Flexor digitorum profundus / repair / suture anchors / zone 1
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46. ||||...... 36%  Elliot D, Giesen T: Treatment of unfavourable results of flexor tendon surgery: Ruptured repairs, tethered repairs and pulley incompetence. Indian J Plast Surg; 2013 Sep;46(3):458-71
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  • [Source] The source of this record is MEDLINE®, a database of the U.S. National Library of Medicine.
  • [Title] Treatment of unfavourable results of flexor tendon surgery: Ruptured repairs, tethered repairs and pulley incompetence.
  • As primary repair of divided flexor tendons becomes more common, secondary tendon surgery becomes largely that of the complications of primary repair, namely ruptured and adherent repairs.
  • These occur with an incidence of each in most reported series world-wide of around 5%, with these problems having changed little in the last two decades, despite strengthening our suture repairs.
  • Patients arrive at a hand unit variable, but longer, times after the primary insult, having had no, or bad, previous treatment.
  • Frequently, it is much more complex as a result of injuries to the other tissues of the digit and, also, as a result of the unaided healing process within the digit in the presence of an inactive flexor system.

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  • (PMID = 24459333.001).
  • [ISSN] 0970-0358
  • [Journal-full-title] Indian journal of plastic surgery : official publication of the Association of Plastic Surgeons of India
  • [ISO-abbreviation] Indian J Plast Surg
  • [Language] eng
  • [Publication-type] Journal Article
  • [Publication-country] India
  • [Other-IDs] NLM/ PMC3897088
  • [Keywords] NOTNLM ; Flexor tendon injury / flexor tendon pulley reconstruction / flexor tendon reconstruction / secondary flexor tendon repair / tenolysis
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47. ||||...... 36%  Elliot D, Giesen T: Avoidance of unfavourable results following primary flexor tendon surgery. Indian J Plast Surg; 2013 May;46(2):312-24
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  • [Source] The source of this record is MEDLINE®, a database of the U.S. National Library of Medicine.
  • [Title] Avoidance of unfavourable results following primary flexor tendon surgery.
  • This review describes the biological problems faced by those managing primary flexor tendon injuries and explains why these problems still thwart attempts to achieve normal, or near normal, function after this injury, despite a century of surgical effort.
  • It considers the historical background of the early 20(th) century attempts to improve the results and analyses the clinical usefulness of more recent research into tendon core and circumferential suture modification, including the authors' work in this field, and changes in post-operative mobilisation over the last 50 years.
  • It also discusses other factors, e.g., the patient, the experience of the surgeon, the use of therapists, the timing of repair, complex injuries, injuries in zones other than zone 2, which can have a bearing on the results and considers how these can be modified to avoid an unfavourable outcome.

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  • (PMID = 24501468.001).
  • [ISSN] 0970-0358
  • [Journal-full-title] Indian journal of plastic surgery : official publication of the Association of Plastic Surgeons of India
  • [ISO-abbreviation] Indian J Plast Surg
  • [Language] eng
  • [Publication-type] Journal Article; Review
  • [Publication-country] India
  • [Other-IDs] NLM/ PMC3901913
  • [Keywords] NOTNLM ; Avoidance unfavourable results / flexor tendon surgery / primary flexor tendon surgery / unfavourable results
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48. ||||...... 35%  Elliot D, Giesen T: Primary flexor tendon surgery: the search for a perfect result. Hand Clin; 2013 May;29(2):191-206
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  • [Source] The source of this record is MEDLINE®, a database of the U.S. National Library of Medicine.
  • [Title] Primary flexor tendon surgery: the search for a perfect result.
  • Repair of the divided flexor tendon to achieve normal, or near normal, function is an unsolved problem, with each result still uncertain.
  • The authors believe the way forward in primary flexor tendon surgery clinically is by use of strengthened but simpler sutures, appropriate venting of the pulley system, and maintaining early rehabilitation.
  • However, there needs also be consideration of patient factors and other aspects.
  • Research needs to continue more widely, in both the laboratory and the clinical environment, to find ways of better modifying adhesions after surgical repair of the tendon.
  • [MeSH-major] Hand / surgery. Tendon Injuries / surgery. Tendons / surgery
  • [MeSH-minor] Biomechanical Phenomena. Fibrin Tissue Adhesive / therapeutic use. Humans. Patient Compliance. Recovery of Function. Rupture. Splints. Suture Techniques. Sutures. Tissue Adhesions / physiopathology. Tissue Adhesions / prevention & control. Wound Healing / physiology

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  • [Copyright] Copyright © 2013 Elsevier Inc. All rights reserved.
  • (PMID = 23660055.001).
  • [ISSN] 1558-1969
  • [Journal-full-title] Hand clinics
  • [ISO-abbreviation] Hand Clin
  • [Language] eng
  • [Publication-type] Journal Article; Review
  • [Publication-country] United States
  • [Chemical-registry-number] 0 / Fibrin Tissue Adhesive
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49. |||....... 35%  Altobelli GG, Conneely S, Haufler C, Walsh M, Ruchelsman DE: Outcomes of digital zone IV and V and thumb zone TI to TIV extensor tendon repairs using a running interlocking horizontal mattress technique. J Hand Surg Am; 2013 Jun;38(6):1079-83
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  • [Title] Outcomes of digital zone IV and V and thumb zone TI to TIV extensor tendon repairs using a running interlocking horizontal mattress technique.
  • PURPOSE: Biomechanical evidence has demonstrated that the running interlocking horizontal mattress (RIHM) repair for extensor tendon lacerations is significantly stronger, with higher ultimate load to failure and less tendon shortening compared with other techniques.
  • We investigated the efficacy and safety of primary extensor tendon repair using the RIHM repair technique in the fingers followed by the immediate controlled active motion protocol, and in the thumb followed by a dynamic extension protocol.
  • METHODS: We conducted a retrospective review of all patients undergoing extensor tendon repair from August 2009 to April 2012 by single surgeon in an academic hand surgery practice.
  • The inclusion criteria were simple extensor tendon lacerations in digital zones IV and V and thumb zones TI to TIV and primary repair performed using the RIHM technique.
  • We included 8 consecutive patients with 9 tendon lacerations (3 in the thumb).
  • One patient underwent a concomitant dorsal hand rotation flap for soft tissue coverage.
  • We used a 3-0 nonabsorbable braided suture to perform a running simple suture in 1 direction to obtain a tension-free tenorrhaphy, followed by an RIHM corset-type suture using the same continuous strand in the opposite direction.
  • RESULTS: Using the criteria of Miller, all 9 tendon repairs achieved excellent or good results.
  • There were no tendon ruptures or extensor lags.
  • CONCLUSIONS: The RIHM technique for primary extensor tendon repairs in zone IV and V and T1 to TIV is safe, allows for immediate controlled active motion in the fingers and an immediate dynamic extension protocol in the thumb, and achieves good to excellent functional outcomes.
  • [MeSH-major] Lacerations / surgery. Orthopedic Procedures. Suture Techniques. Tendon Injuries / surgery

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  • [Copyright] Copyright © 2013 American Society for Surgery of the Hand. Published by Elsevier Inc. All rights reserved.
  • (PMID = 23707008.001).
  • [ISSN] 1531-6564
  • [Journal-full-title] The Journal of hand surgery
  • [ISO-abbreviation] J Hand Surg Am
  • [Language] eng
  • [Publication-type] Journal Article
  • [Publication-country] United States
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50. |||....... 34%  Schon LC, Gill N, Thorpe M, Davis J, Nadaud J, Kim J, Molligan J, Zhang Z: Efficacy of a mesenchymal stem cell loaded surgical mesh for tendon repair in rats. J Transl Med; 2014;12:110
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  • [Title] Efficacy of a mesenchymal stem cell loaded surgical mesh for tendon repair in rats.
  • OBJECTIVES: The purpose of this study was to investigate the efficacy of a composite surgical mesh for delivery of mesenchymal stem cells (MSCs) in tendon repair.
  • A 3-mm defect was surgically created at the Achilles tendon-gastrocnemius/soleus junction in 30 rats.
  • The tendon defects were repaired with either 1) MSC-loaded mesh; or 2) surgical mesh only; or 3) routine surgical suture.
  • RESULTS: In comparison with the other two repair types, at day 6, the MSC-loaded mesh significantly improved the quality of the repaired tendons with dense and parallel collagen bundles, reduced vascularity and increased type I collagen.
  • CONCLUSION: The MSC-loaded mesh enhanced early tendon healing, particularly the quality of collagen bundles.
  • Application of the MSC-loaded mesh, as a new device and MSC delivery vehicle, may benefit to early functional recovery of the ruptured tendon.

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  • (PMID = 24884819.001).
  • [ISSN] 1479-5876
  • [Journal-full-title] Journal of translational medicine
  • [ISO-abbreviation] J Transl Med
  • [Language] eng
  • [Publication-type] Journal Article; Research Support, Non-U.S. Gov't
  • [Publication-country] England
  • [Other-IDs] NLM/ PMC4020316
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2. Definitions


3. Related RMF webpages
1. other suture of other tendon of hand
2. other suture of flexor tendon of hand
3. of graft by tendon reconstruction of tendon hand
4. other suture of tendon
5. suture of tendon to skeletal attachment procedure
6. hand flexor of tenolysis of tendon
7. fixation of tendon of hand procedure
8. division of tendon of hand procedure
9. complications suture
10. suture anchors
11. suture techniques
12. change suture
13. abscess suture
14. rupture suture
15. suture of pancreas procedure
16. suture of vessel procedure
17. suture of tongue procedure
18. suture granuloma disorder
19. suture of aponeurosis procedure
20. suture complications mechanical
21. suture of peritoneum procedure
22. perforated of ulcer suture
23. suture of uterus procedure
24. removal of suture nos
25. other suture of abdominal wall
26. repair of vein with suture procedure
27. repair of artery with suture procedure
28. removal of corneal suture procedure
29. suture of abdominal wall nos
30. suture of common bile duct procedure
31. suture of anterior abdominal wall procedure
32. failure in suture and ligature during surgical operation event
33. repair of laceration of urinary bladder by suture procedure
34. injuries tendon
35. hernia tendon
36. accessory tendon
37. replacement tendon
38. tendon entrapment
39. infection tendon
40. achilles tendon
41. ossification tendon
42. tendon transfer
43. hypertrophy tendon
44. cyst tendon
45. tendon injuries
46. spontaneous tendon rupture
47. short tendon disorder
48. displacement tendon graft
49. achilles tendon injuries
50. microscopic examination of tendon

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