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1. Biomedical articles (top 50; 2010 to 2015)
1. Cerekja A, Dillon KC, Racanska E, Piazze J: Unicornuate uteri associated with contralateral renal agenesis and ovarian anomalies. J Turk Ger Gynecol Assoc; 2011;12(3):189-91
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  • [Source] The source of this record is MEDLINE®, a database of the U.S. National Library of Medicine.
  • [Title] Unicornuate uteri associated with contralateral renal agenesis and ovarian anomalies.
  • Our findings regarding two cases of unicornuate uterus validate that conventional transvaginal ultrasound is helpful in diagnosing uterine anomalies.

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  • (PMID = 24591991.001).
  • [ISSN] 1309-0399
  • [Journal-full-title] Journal of the Turkish German Gynecological Association
  • [ISO-abbreviation] J Turk Ger Gynecol Assoc
  • [Language] eng
  • [Publication-type] Journal Article
  • [Publication-country] Turkey
  • [Other-IDs] NLM/ PMC3939280
  • [Keywords] NOTNLM ; Unicornuate uterus / ovarian anomalies / renal agenesis
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2. Khati NJ, Frazier AA, Brindle KA: The unicornuate uterus and its variants: clinical presentation, imaging findings, and associated complications. J Ultrasound Med; 2012 Feb;31(2):319-31
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  • [Source] The source of this record is MEDLINE®, a database of the U.S. National Library of Medicine.
  • [Title] The unicornuate uterus and its variants: clinical presentation, imaging findings, and associated complications.
  • This article will describe the different variants of the unicornuate uterus, their clinical presentation and imaging findings, as well their associated complications.
  • Patients' symptoms and their imaging findings will vary depending on the unicornuate subtype.
  • Complications include obstetric ones related to the small uterine size and endometriosis and ectopic pregnancies when a cavitary rudimentary uterine horn is present.
  • Radiologists should be familiar with all variants of the unicornuate uterus as well as their clinical presentation and associated imaging findings.
  • [MeSH-major] Female Urogenital Diseases / diagnosis. Female Urogenital Diseases / etiology. Kidney / abnormalities. Pregnancy Complications / diagnosis. Pregnancy Complications / etiology. Uterus / abnormalities

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  • (PMID = 22298877.001).
  • [ISSN] 1550-9613
  • [Journal-full-title] Journal of ultrasound in medicine : official journal of the American Institute of Ultrasound in Medicine
  • [ISO-abbreviation] J Ultrasound Med
  • [Language] eng
  • [Publication-type] Journal Article; Review
  • [Publication-country] United States
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3. Caserta D, Mallozzi M, Meldolesi C, Bianchi P, Moscarini M: Pregnancy in a unicornuate uterus: a case report. J Med Case Rep; 2014;8:130
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  • [Source] The source of this record is MEDLINE®, a database of the U.S. National Library of Medicine.
  • [Title] Pregnancy in a unicornuate uterus: a case report.
  • INTRODUCTION: A unicornuate uterus accounts for 2.4 to 13% of all Müllerian anomalies.
  • A unicornuate uterus with a non-communicating rudimentary horn may be associated with gynecological and obstetric complications such as infertility, endometriosis, hematometra, urinary tract anomalies, abortions, and preterm deliveries.
  • CASE PRESENTATION: We report a case of a 26-year-old Caucasian woman presenting with a unicornuate uterus with a non-communicating rudimentary horn.
  • The diagnosis of the anomaly was based on two-dimensional and three-dimensional sonography.
  • The excision of her symptomatic rudimentary horn and her ipsilateral fallopian tube was performed laparoscopically.
  • CONCLUSIONS: Although the reproductive outcome of women with unicornuate uterus is poor, a successful pregnancy is possible.
  • Routine excision of the rudimentary horn should be undertaken during non-pregnant state laparoscopically, and it would be necessary to screen such pregnancies for the development of intrauterine growth retardation with serial ultrasound assessments of the estimated fetal weight and the cervix length.
  • [MeSH-major] Pregnancy Complications. Urogenital Abnormalities / surgery. Uterus / abnormalities

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  • [Cites] Reprod Biomed Online. 2006 Jan;12(1):128-30 [16454949.001]
  • [Cites] Aust N Z J Obstet Gynaecol. 2005 Apr;45(2):148-50 [15760318.001]
  • [Cites] Am J Obstet Gynecol. 2011 Dec;205(6):558.e1-5 [21907963.001]
  • [Cites] J Ultrasound Med. 2012 Feb;31(2):319-31 [22298877.001]
  • [Cites] Curr Opin Obstet Gynecol. 2007 Jun;19(3):229-37 [17495638.001]
  • [Cites] Ultrasound Obstet Gynecol. 2011 Oct;38(4):371-82 [21830244.001]
  • [Cites] Arch Gynecol Obstet. 2009 Dec;280(6):993-5 [19301025.001]
  • [Cites] Fertil Steril. 2009 May;91(5):1886-94 [18439594.001]
  • [Cites] Fertil Steril. 2005 Feb;83(2):432-6 [15705386.001]
  • (PMID = 24779751.001).
  • [ISSN] 1752-1947
  • [Journal-full-title] Journal of medical case reports
  • [ISO-abbreviation] J Med Case Rep
  • [Language] eng
  • [Publication-type] Case Reports; Journal Article
  • [Publication-country] England
  • [Other-IDs] NLM/ PMC4031931
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4. Zapardiel I, Alvarez P, Perez-Medina T, Bajo-Arenas JM: Laparoscopic management of a cavitated noncommunicating rudimentary uterine horn of a unicornuate uterus: a case report. J Med Case Rep; 2010;4:215
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  • [Source] The source of this record is MEDLINE®, a database of the U.S. National Library of Medicine.
  • [Title] Laparoscopic management of a cavitated noncommunicating rudimentary uterine horn of a unicornuate uterus: a case report.
  • INTRODUCTION: A unicornuate uterus with a rudimentary horn is the most uncommon uterine anomaly of the female genital tract.
  • It has an estimated frequency of one in 100,000 among the fertile female population.
  • This anomaly results from the abnormal maturation of one Müllerian duct with the normal development of the contralateral one.
  • Imaging techniques revealed a unicornuate uterus with a rudimentary horn and a large hematosalpinx.
  • We performed a laparoscopic removal of this uterine anomaly without any complication in the postoperative period.

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  • [Cites] Hum Reprod. 1997 Feb;12(2):263-5 [9070707.001]
  • [Cites] Hum Reprod. 1999 Apr;14(4):931-3 [10221222.001]
  • [Cites] JSLS. 2005 Apr-Jun;9(2):235-7 [15984720.001]
  • [Cites] Fertil Steril. 2005 Feb;83(2):432-6 [15705386.001]
  • [Cites] Am J Obstet Gynecol. 2001 Nov;185(5):1263-4 [11717669.001]
  • (PMID = 20642813.001).
  • [ISSN] 1752-1947
  • [Journal-full-title] Journal of medical case reports
  • [ISO-abbreviation] J Med Case Rep
  • [Language] eng
  • [Publication-type] Journal Article
  • [Publication-country] England
  • [Other-IDs] NLM/ PMC2918627
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5. Iyoke C, Okafor C, Ugwu G, Oforbuike C: Live Birth Following a Term Pregnancy in a Non-communicating Rudimentary Horn of a Unicornuate Uterus. Ann Med Health Sci Res; 2014 Jan;4(1):126-8
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  • [Source] The source of this record is MEDLINE®, a database of the U.S. National Library of Medicine.
  • [Title] Live Birth Following a Term Pregnancy in a Non-communicating Rudimentary Horn of a Unicornuate Uterus.
  • A case report of a live birth following a term pregnancy located in a non-communicating rudimentary horn of a unicornuate uterus in a rural hospital in Nigeria is presented.
  • Intra-operatively, the pregnancy was found in a non-communicating pouch continuous with the left fallopian tube and separate from the uterine cavity.
  • Resection of the rudimentary horn and repair were done.
  • The possibility of a uterine anomaly should be considered by clinicians and sonographers in unexplained intermittent early pregnancy bleeding.

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  • (PMID = 24669345.001).
  • [ISSN] 2141-9248
  • [Journal-full-title] Annals of medical and health sciences research
  • [ISO-abbreviation] Ann Med Health Sci Res
  • [Language] eng
  • [Publication-type] Journal Article
  • [Publication-country] India
  • [Other-IDs] NLM/ PMC3952284
  • [Keywords] NOTNLM ; Live birth / Rudimentary horn / Term pregnancy / Unicornuate uterus
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6. Kanno Y, Suzuki T, Nakamura E, Goya K, Nishijima Y, Shinoda M, Hayashi M, Izumi S: Successful term delivery after laparoscopic resection of a non-communicating rudimentary horn in a patient with a unicornuate uterus: a case report. Tokai J Exp Clin Med; 2014 Jul;39(2):59-63
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  • [Source] The source of this record is MEDLINE®, a database of the U.S. National Library of Medicine.
  • [Title] Successful term delivery after laparoscopic resection of a non-communicating rudimentary horn in a patient with a unicornuate uterus: a case report.
  • Unicornuate uterus accompanied by a non-communicating rudimentary horn is a rare uterine malformation.
  • If a embryo is implanted into the rudimentary horn, continuation of pregnancy is difficult due to the risk of uterine rupture.
  • We recently performed laparoscopic resection of the right rudimentary horn after two right rudimentary horn pregnancies in a woman, in whom a normal pregnancy occurred in the left unicornuate uterus, leading to successful delivery of a baby.
  • The diagnostic procedures leading to identification of this rare malformation were prompted by inability to remove uterine contents during surgery performed after a diagnosis of missed abortion.
  • A right rudimentary horn pregnancy, which had occurred twice, was treated with methotrexate.
  • To prevent further pregnancy in the right rudimentary horn, resection of this rudimentary horn was planned and successfully implemented under laparoscopic guidance.
  • Soon after surgery, a natural pregnancy in the left unicornuate uterus was confirmed.
  • [MeSH-major] Laparoscopy / methods. Pregnancy, Ectopic / surgery. Surgery, Computer-Assisted. Uterus / abnormalities. Uterus / surgery

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  • (PMID = 25027248.001).
  • [ISSN] 2185-2243
  • [Journal-full-title] The Tokai journal of experimental and clinical medicine
  • [ISO-abbreviation] Tokai J. Exp. Clin. Med.
  • [Language] eng
  • [Publication-type] Case Reports; Journal Article
  • [Publication-country] Japan
  • [Chemical-registry-number] YL5FZ2Y5U1 / Methotrexate
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7. Cooper IF, Siadaty MS: 'Congenital abnormalities' associated with 'Congenital Absence Of One Uterine Horn': Top Publications. BioMedLib Review; CongenitalAbnormality;CongenitalAbsenceOf:705716746. ISSN: 2331-5717. 2014/4/26
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  • [Title] 'Congenital abnormalities' associated with 'Congenital Absence Of One Uterine Horn': Top Publications.
  • [Transliterated title]
  • Background: There are articles published each month which present 'congenital abnormality' for 'congenital absence of one uterine horn'.
  • Finding such articles is important for researchers, clinicians, and patients.
  • However these articles are spread across thousands of journals, and there are many types of 'congenital abnormality'.
  • This makes searching and locating the relevant publications a challenge.
  • We have used BioMedLib's semantic search technology to address the issue, and gathered all the pertinent publications in this review article.
  • Methods: We categorized the publications we found into two groups.
  • We used the strength of textual-association to separate the groups.
  • In group one there are publications with the strongest evidence of association. We focused finding the most relevant publications pertinent to our goal, rather than combining them into a conclusion section. Such textual synthesis will be the focus of our next project.
  • Results: Group one includes 52 publications, and group two 127 publications.
  • Here are the top 10.
  • Durin L et al: [Laparoscopic hemi-hysterectomy for pseudo unicornuate uterus: apropos of 3 cases].
  • Cerekja A et al: Unicornuate uteri associated with contralateral renal agenesis and ovarian anomalies.
  • Khati NJ et al: The unicornuate uterus and its variants: clinical presentation, imaging findings, and associated complications.
  • Zapardiel I et al: Laparoscopic management of a cavitated noncommunicating rudimentary uterine horn of a unicornuate uterus: a case report.
  • Atmaca R et al: Acute abdomen in a case with noncommunicating rudimentary horn and unicornuate uterus.
  • Mavrelos D et al: Ultrasound diagnosis of ectopic pregnancy in the non-communicating horn of a unicornuate uterus (cornual pregnancy).
  • Ombelet W et al: Undescended ovary and unicornuate uterus: simplified diagnosis by the use of clomiphene citrate ovarian stimulation and magnetic resonance imaging (MRI).
  • Brown JA et al: Uterus unicornis in two mares.
  • Rousset N et al: Unilateral hydronephrosis and hydroureter secondary to ureteric atresia, and uterus unicornis in a young terrier.
  • Dalkalitsis N et al: Unicornuate uterus and uterus didelphys indications and techniques for surgical reconstruction: a review.

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  • [Copyright] Copyright 2014 Siadaty and Cooper; licensee BioMedLib LLC.
  • (UID = 705716746.001).
  • [ISSN] 2331-5717
  • [Journal-full-title] BioMedLib Review
  • [Language] eng
  • [Publication-type] Review
  • [Publication-country] UNITED STATES
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8. Cooper IF, Siadaty MS: 'Hormones' associated with 'Congenital Absence Of One Uterine Horn': Top Publications. BioMedLib Review; Hormone;CongenitalAbsenceOf:705836879. ISSN: 2331-5717. 2014/7/28
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  • [Title] 'Hormones' associated with 'Congenital Absence Of One Uterine Horn': Top Publications.
  • [Transliterated title]
  • Background: There are articles published each month which present 'Hormone' for 'congenital absence of one uterine horn'.
  • Finding such articles is important for researchers, clinicians, and patients.
  • However these articles are spread across thousands of journals, and there are many types of 'Hormone'.
  • This makes searching and locating the relevant publications a challenge.
  • We have used BioMedLib's semantic search technology to address the issue, and gathered all the pertinent publications in this review article.
  • Methods: We categorized the publications we found into two groups.
  • We used the strength of textual-association to separate the groups.
  • In group one there are publications with the strongest evidence of association. We focused finding the most relevant publications pertinent to our goal, rather than combining them into a conclusion section. Such textual synthesis will be the focus of our next project.
  • Results: Group one includes 24 publications, and group two 257 publications.
  • Here are the top 10.
  • Cooper IF et al: 'Hormones' associated with 'Congenital Absence Of One Uterine Horn': Top Publications.
  • Falcone T et al: Anatomical variation in the rudimentary horns of a unicornuate uterus: implications for laparoscopic surgery.
  • Mavrelos D et al: Ultrasound diagnosis of ectopic pregnancy in the non-communicating horn of a unicornuate uterus (cornual pregnancy).
  • Ombelet W et al: Undescended ovary and unicornuate uterus: simplified diagnosis by the use of clomiphene citrate ovarian stimulation and magnetic resonance imaging (MRI).
  • O'Shea JD et al: Normal duration of the oestrous cycle in ewes with congenital absence of one uterine horn.
  • Perez-Medina T et al: Advanced pregnancy loss in the rudimentary horn of an undiagnosed unicornuate uterus.
  • Fedele L et al: Ovulation induction in the treatment of primary infertility associated with unicornuate uterus: report of five cases.
  • Fedele L et al: Ultrasound in the diagnosis of subclasses of unicornuate uterus.
  • Dimitrova V et al: [The echographic diagnosis of a rare congenital uterine anomaly (uterus unicornis with a rudimentary noncommunicating horn)].
  • Zydowicz-Mucha E et al: [The case of uterus unicornis with rudimentary horn in a 15-year-old girl].

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  • [Copyright] Copyright 2014 Siadaty and Cooper; licensee BioMedLib LLC.
  • (UID = 705836879.001).
  • [ISSN] 2331-5717
  • [Journal-full-title] BioMedLib Review
  • [Language] eng
  • [Publication-type] Review
  • [Publication-country] UNITED STATES
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9. Rousset N, Abbondati E, Posch B, Owen LJ, Herrtage M: Unilateral hydronephrosis and hydroureter secondary to ureteric atresia, and uterus unicornis in a young terrier. J Small Anim Pract; 2011 Aug;52(8):441-4
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  • [Source] The source of this record is MEDLINE®, a database of the U.S. National Library of Medicine.
  • [Title] Unilateral hydronephrosis and hydroureter secondary to ureteric atresia, and uterus unicornis in a young terrier.
  • A diagnosis of unilateral hydronephrosis was made following ultrasound examination and intravenous urography, but no cause was identified.
  • Uterus unicornis was also identified and ovariohysterectomy was performed.
  • [MeSH-major] Dog Diseases / diagnosis. Hydronephrosis / veterinary. Urinary Bladder Diseases / veterinary. Uterine Diseases / veterinary

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  • [Copyright] © 2011 British Small Animal Veterinary Association.
  • (PMID = 21797876.001).
  • [ISSN] 1748-5827
  • [Journal-full-title] The Journal of small animal practice
  • [ISO-abbreviation] J Small Anim Pract
  • [Language] eng
  • [Publication-type] Case Reports; Journal Article
  • [Publication-country] England
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10. Sugaya S: Twin pregnancy after in vitro fertilization in a woman with a unicornuate uterus. Clin Exp Obstet Gynecol; 2010;37(4):317-8
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  • [Source] The source of this record is MEDLINE®, a database of the U.S. National Library of Medicine.
  • [Title] Twin pregnancy after in vitro fertilization in a woman with a unicornuate uterus.
  • A unicornuate uterus is a rare congenital uterovaginal anomaly.
  • A unicornuate uterus is associated with infertility, cervical incompetence, and premature labor.
  • A case of a 32-year-old null gravid female with a unicornuate uterus who had wished to bear a child for five years is reported.
  • [MeSH-major] Fertilization in Vitro. Twins. Uterus / abnormalities

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  • (PMID = 21355466.001).
  • [ISSN] 0390-6663
  • [Journal-full-title] Clinical and experimental obstetrics & gynecology
  • [ISO-abbreviation] Clin Exp Obstet Gynecol
  • [Language] eng
  • [Publication-type] Case Reports; Journal Article
  • [Publication-country] Italy
  • [Chemical-registry-number] 0 / Tocolytic Agents
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11. Blitz MJ, Appelbaum H: Torsion of fallopian tube remnant associated with noncommunicating rudimentary horn in adolescent girl with unicornuate uterus. J Pediatr Adolesc Gynecol; 2014 Oct;27(5):e97-9
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  • [Source] The source of this record is MEDLINE®, a database of the U.S. National Library of Medicine.
  • [Title] Torsion of fallopian tube remnant associated with noncommunicating rudimentary horn in adolescent girl with unicornuate uterus.
  • Diagnostic laparoscopy revealed a unicornuate uterus with a normal left uterine horn and fallopian tube but atretic and cordlike müllerian structures on the right side.

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  • [Copyright] Copyright © 2014 North American Society for Pediatric and Adolescent Gynecology. Published by Elsevier Inc. All rights reserved.
  • (PMID = 24332614.001).
  • [ISSN] 1873-4332
  • [Journal-full-title] Journal of pediatric and adolescent gynecology
  • [ISO-abbreviation] J Pediatr Adolesc Gynecol
  • [Language] eng
  • [Publication-type] Journal Article
  • [Publication-country] United States
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12. Rosenkrantz AB, Kopec M, Laks S: Pelvic cake kidney drained by a single ureter associated with unicornuate uterus. Urology; 2010 Jul;76(1):53-4
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  • [Source] The source of this record is MEDLINE®, a database of the U.S. National Library of Medicine.
  • [Title] Pelvic cake kidney drained by a single ureter associated with unicornuate uterus.
  • We present the first ever reported case of a pelvic cake kidney drained by a single ureter in association with a unicornuate uterus.
  • [MeSH-major] Abnormalities, Multiple. Kidney / abnormalities. Ureter / abnormalities. Uterus / abnormalities

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  • [Copyright] Copyright 2010 Elsevier Inc. All rights reserved.
  • (PMID = 20022090.001).
  • [ISSN] 1527-9995
  • [Journal-full-title] Urology
  • [ISO-abbreviation] Urology
  • [Language] eng
  • [Publication-type] Case Reports; Journal Article
  • [Publication-country] United States
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13. Trad M, Palmer S: Müllerian duct anomalies and a case study of unicornuate uterus. Radiol Technol; 2013 Jul-Aug;84(6):571-6
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  • [Source] The source of this record is MEDLINE®, a database of the U.S. National Library of Medicine.
  • [Title] Müllerian duct anomalies and a case study of unicornuate uterus.
  • When development fails to progress normally, various anomalies of the uterus, vagina, and urinary system can result.
  • This literature review discusses the 6 classes of müllerian duct anomalies, the complications associated with each, and the imaging examinations used to diagnose them and further evaluate uterine anatomy.
  • In addition, a case study of a class II anomaly, known as unicornuate uterus, is presented.
  • As reproductive medicine advances and more women seek diagnosis of and treatment for fertility problems, radiologic technologists need to be aware of duct anomalies and their appearance with various imaging modalities, including ultrasonography, hysterosalpingography, and magnetic resonance imaging.
  • [MeSH-major] 46, XX Disorders of Sex Development / pathology. 46, XX Disorders of Sex Development / radiography. Congenital Abnormalities / pathology. Congenital Abnormalities / radiography. Magnetic Resonance Imaging / methods. Mullerian Ducts / abnormalities. Tomography, X-Ray Computed / methods

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  • (PMID = 23861517.001).
  • [ISSN] 1943-5657
  • [Journal-full-title] Radiologic technology
  • [ISO-abbreviation] Radiol Technol
  • [Language] eng
  • [Publication-type] Case Reports; Journal Article; Review
  • [Publication-country] United States
  • [Chemical-registry-number] Mullerian aplasia
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14. Cooper IF, Siadaty MS: 'Spatial Concepts' associated with 'Congenital Absence Of One Uterine Horn': Top Publications. BioMedLib Review; SpatialConcept;CongenitalAbsenceOf:706571714. ISSN: 2331-5717. 2014/10/28
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  • [Title] 'Spatial Concepts' associated with 'Congenital Absence Of One Uterine Horn': Top Publications.
  • [Transliterated title]
  • Background: There are articles published each month which present 'Spatial Concept' for 'congenital absence of one uterine horn'.
  • Finding such articles is important for researchers, clinicians, and patients.
  • However these articles are spread across thousands of journals, and there are many types of 'Spatial Concept'.
  • This makes searching and locating the relevant publications a challenge.
  • We have used BioMedLib's semantic search technology to address the issue, and gathered all the pertinent publications in this review article.
  • Methods: We categorized the publications we found into two groups.
  • We used the strength of textual-association to separate the groups.
  • In group one there are publications with the strongest evidence of association. We focused finding the most relevant publications pertinent to our goal, rather than combining them into a conclusion section. Such textual synthesis will be the focus of our next project.
  • Results: Group one includes 22 publications, and group two 264 publications.
  • Here are the top 10.
  • Cerekja A et al: Unicornuate uteri associated with contralateral renal agenesis and ovarian anomalies.
  • Ombelet W et al: Ectopic ovary and unicornuate uterus.
  • Medeiros LR et al: Laparoscopic approach of a unicornuate uterus with noncommunicating rudimentary horns.
  • Mavrelos D et al: Ultrasound diagnosis of ectopic pregnancy in the non-communicating horn of a unicornuate uterus (cornual pregnancy).
  • Stolzlechner J et al: [Uterus unicornis with rudimentary horn and ipsilateral kidney agenesis: clinical symptoms and therapy].
  • Demir B et al: An incidental finding of unicornuate uterus with unilateral ovarian agenesis during cesarean delivery.
  • Canis M et al: Laparoscopic management of unicornuate uterus with rudimentary horn and unilateral extensive endometriosis: case report.
  • Pasini A et al: [Spontaneous ectopic contralateral pregnancy with unicornuate uterus. A case report].
  • Uyar I et al: Ectopic ovary confirmed by ovarian stimulation in a case of unicornuate uterus.
  • Rousset N et al: Unilateral hydronephrosis and hydroureter secondary to ureteric atresia, and uterus unicornis in a young terrier.

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  • [Copyright] Copyright 2014 Siadaty and Cooper; licensee BioMedLib LLC.
  • (UID = 706571714.001).
  • [ISSN] 2331-5717
  • [Journal-full-title] BioMedLib Review
  • [Language] eng
  • [Publication-type] Review
  • [Publication-country] UNITED STATES
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15. Cooper IF, Siadaty MS: 'Findings' associated with 'Congenital Absence Of One Uterine Horn': Top Publications. BioMedLib Review; Finding;CongenitalAbsenceOf:706240944. ISSN: 2331-5717. 2014/8/24
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  • [Title] 'Findings' associated with 'Congenital Absence Of One Uterine Horn': Top Publications.
  • [Transliterated title]
  • Background: There are articles published each month which present 'Finding' for 'congenital absence of one uterine horn'.
  • Finding such articles is important for researchers, clinicians, and patients.
  • However these articles are spread across thousands of journals, and there are many types of 'Finding'.
  • This makes searching and locating the relevant publications a challenge.
  • We have used BioMedLib's semantic search technology to address the issue, and gathered all the pertinent publications in this review article.
  • Methods: We categorized the publications we found into two groups.
  • We used the strength of textual-association to separate the groups.
  • In group one there are publications with the strongest evidence of association. We focused finding the most relevant publications pertinent to our goal, rather than combining them into a conclusion section. Such textual synthesis will be the focus of our next project.
  • Results: Group one includes 16 publications, and group two 301 publications.
  • Here are the top 9.
  • Reichman D et al: Pregnancy outcomes in unicornuate uteri: a review.
  • Nanda S et al: Successful twin pregnancy in a unicornuate uterus with one fetus in the non-communicating rudimentary horn.
  • Sugaya S: Twin pregnancy after in vitro fertilization in a woman with a unicornuate uterus.
  • Ejnès L et al: [Twin pregnancy in a unicornuate uterus with a rudimentary horn].
  • Sato K et al: Uterine rupture during a trial of labor in a case with a unicornuate uterus and a previous cesarean section.
  • Deligeoroglou E et al: Concurrent imperforate hymen, transverse vaginal septum, and unicornuate uterus: a case report.
  • Arroyo A et al: Twin gestation after ovulation induction in a woman with a non-communicating rudimentary horn attached to a unicornuate uterus.
  • NISHIBORI O et al: [Rare case of uterus unicornis associated with an anomalous urethra opening into the glans clitoridis].
  • Schulze G: [Case report on uterine malformation (uterus unicornis) as an aetiological factor contributory to abnormal presentation of foetus and intra-uterine retardation (author's transl)].

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  • [Copyright] Copyright 2014 Siadaty and Cooper; licensee BioMedLib LLC.
  • (UID = 706240944.001).
  • [ISSN] 2331-5717
  • [Journal-full-title] BioMedLib Review
  • [Language] eng
  • [Publication-type] Review
  • [Publication-country] UNITED STATES
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16. Cooper IF, Siadaty MS: 'Qualitative Concepts' associated with 'Congenital Absence Of One Uterine Horn': Top Publications. BioMedLib Review; QualitativeConcept;CongenitalAbsenceOf:706555294. ISSN: 2331-5717. 2014/4/28
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  • [Title] 'Qualitative Concepts' associated with 'Congenital Absence Of One Uterine Horn': Top Publications.
  • [Transliterated title]
  • Background: There are articles published each month which present 'Qualitative Concept' for 'congenital absence of one uterine horn'.
  • Finding such articles is important for researchers, clinicians, and patients.
  • However these articles are spread across thousands of journals, and there are many types of 'Qualitative Concept'.
  • This makes searching and locating the relevant publications a challenge.
  • We have used BioMedLib's semantic search technology to address the issue, and gathered all the pertinent publications in this review article.
  • Methods: We categorized the publications we found into two groups.
  • We used the strength of textual-association to separate the groups.
  • In group one there are publications with the strongest evidence of association. We focused finding the most relevant publications pertinent to our goal, rather than combining them into a conclusion section. Such textual synthesis will be the focus of our next project.
  • Results: Group one includes 28 publications, and group two 251 publications.
  • Here are the top 10.
  • Falcone T et al: Anatomical variation in the rudimentary horns of a unicornuate uterus: implications for laparoscopic surgery.
  • Cooper IF et al: 'Congenital abnormalities' associated with 'Congenital Absence Of One Uterine Horn': Top Publications.
  • Cerekja A et al: Unicornuate uteri associated with contralateral renal agenesis and ovarian anomalies.
  • Khati NJ et al: The unicornuate uterus and its variants: clinical presentation, imaging findings, and associated complications.
  • Sangwan N et al: Puerperal uterine inversion associated with unicornuate uterus.
  • Perez-Medina T et al: Advanced pregnancy loss in the rudimentary horn of an undiagnosed unicornuate uterus.
  • Fedele L et al: Ovulation induction in the treatment of primary infertility associated with unicornuate uterus: report of five cases.
  • Canis M et al: Laparoscopic management of unicornuate uterus with rudimentary horn and unilateral extensive endometriosis: case report.
  • Check JH et al: Successful delivery of twins in a woman with a unicornuate uterus.
  • Shukunami K et al: Unicornuate uterus with a noncommunicating cavitary, laterally dislocated rudimentary horn presenting with adenomyosis, associated with ipsilateral renal agenesis.

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  • [Copyright] Copyright 2014 Siadaty and Cooper; licensee BioMedLib LLC.
  • (UID = 706555294.001).
  • [ISSN] 2331-5717
  • [Journal-full-title] BioMedLib Review
  • [Language] eng
  • [Publication-type] Review
  • [Publication-country] UNITED STATES
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17. Cooper IF, Siadaty MS: 'Temporal Concepts' associated with 'Congenital Absence Of One Uterine Horn': Top Publications. BioMedLib Review; TemporalConcept;CongenitalAbsenceOf:706245837. ISSN: 2331-5717. 2014/12/24
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  • [Title] 'Temporal Concepts' associated with 'Congenital Absence Of One Uterine Horn': Top Publications.
  • [Transliterated title]
  • Background: There are articles published each month which present 'Temporal Concept' for 'congenital absence of one uterine horn'.
  • Finding such articles is important for researchers, clinicians, and patients.
  • However these articles are spread across thousands of journals, and there are many types of 'Temporal Concept'.
  • This makes searching and locating the relevant publications a challenge.
  • We have used BioMedLib's semantic search technology to address the issue, and gathered all the pertinent publications in this review article.
  • Methods: We categorized the publications we found into two groups.
  • We used the strength of textual-association to separate the groups.
  • In group one there are publications with the strongest evidence of association. We focused finding the most relevant publications pertinent to our goal, rather than combining them into a conclusion section. Such textual synthesis will be the focus of our next project.
  • Results: Group one includes 16 publications, and group two 308 publications.
  • Here are the top 9.
  • Iyoke C et al: Live Birth Following a Term Pregnancy in a Non-communicating Rudimentary Horn of a Unicornuate Uterus.
  • O'Shea JD et al: Normal duration of the oestrous cycle in ewes with congenital absence of one uterine horn.
  • Taori K et al: Sonographic diagnosis of uncomplicated first-trimester pregnancy in the rudimentary horn of a unicornuate uterus.
  • Neff A et al: [Futile intra-amnion Rivanol administration and prostaglandin labor induction in uterus unicornis unicollis with a noncommunicating right-sided horn].
  • Rousset N et al: Unilateral hydronephrosis and hydroureter secondary to ureteric atresia, and uterus unicornis in a young terrier.
  • Deligeoroglou E et al: Concurrent imperforate hymen, transverse vaginal septum, and unicornuate uterus: a case report.
  • SPROUL AE: Double vagina and uterus unicornis; repair of vagina and subsequent term delivery; report of a case.
  • Wajntraub G et al: Prevention of premature delivery in a unicornuate uterus by cervical cerclage.
  • McDUFF HC Jr et al: Postpartum inversion of a unicornuate uterus.

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  • [Copyright] Copyright 2014 Siadaty and Cooper; licensee BioMedLib LLC.
  • (UID = 706245837.001).
  • [ISSN] 2331-5717
  • [Journal-full-title] BioMedLib Review
  • [Language] eng
  • [Publication-type] Review
  • [Publication-country] UNITED STATES
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18. Cooper IF, Siadaty MS: 'Steroids' associated with 'Congenital Absence Of One Uterine Horn': Top Publications. BioMedLib Review; Steroid;CongenitalAbsenceOf:705879675. ISSN: 2331-5717. 2014/4/28
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  • [Title] 'Steroids' associated with 'Congenital Absence Of One Uterine Horn': Top Publications.
  • [Transliterated title]
  • Background: There are articles published each month which present 'Steroid' for 'congenital absence of one uterine horn'.
  • Finding such articles is important for researchers, clinicians, and patients.
  • However these articles are spread across thousands of journals, and there are many types of 'Steroid'.
  • This makes searching and locating the relevant publications a challenge.
  • We have used BioMedLib's semantic search technology to address the issue, and gathered all the pertinent publications in this review article.
  • Methods: We categorized the publications we found into two groups.
  • We used the strength of textual-association to separate the groups.
  • In group one there are publications with the strongest evidence of association. We focused finding the most relevant publications pertinent to our goal, rather than combining them into a conclusion section. Such textual synthesis will be the focus of our next project.
  • Results: Group one includes 23 publications, and group two 257 publications.
  • Here are the top 10.
  • Falcone T et al: Anatomical variation in the rudimentary horns of a unicornuate uterus: implications for laparoscopic surgery.
  • Mavrelos D et al: Ultrasound diagnosis of ectopic pregnancy in the non-communicating horn of a unicornuate uterus (cornual pregnancy).
  • Ombelet W et al: Undescended ovary and unicornuate uterus: simplified diagnosis by the use of clomiphene citrate ovarian stimulation and magnetic resonance imaging (MRI).
  • O'Shea JD et al: Normal duration of the oestrous cycle in ewes with congenital absence of one uterine horn.
  • Perez-Medina T et al: Advanced pregnancy loss in the rudimentary horn of an undiagnosed unicornuate uterus.
  • Fedele L et al: Ultrasound in the diagnosis of subclasses of unicornuate uterus.
  • Dimitrova V et al: [The echographic diagnosis of a rare congenital uterine anomaly (uterus unicornis with a rudimentary noncommunicating horn)].
  • Zydowicz-Mucha E et al: [The case of uterus unicornis with rudimentary horn in a 15-year-old girl].
  • Taori K et al: Sonographic diagnosis of uncomplicated first-trimester pregnancy in the rudimentary horn of a unicornuate uterus.
  • Chang CY et al: Hematometra of the rudimentary horn of a unicornuate uterus resulting from cesarean section.

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  • [Copyright] Copyright 2014 Siadaty and Cooper; licensee BioMedLib LLC.
  • (UID = 705879675.001).
  • [ISSN] 2331-5717
  • [Journal-full-title] BioMedLib Review
  • [Language] eng
  • [Publication-type] Review
  • [Publication-country] UNITED STATES
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19. Cooper IF, Siadaty MS: 'Functional Concepts' associated with 'Congenital Absence Of One Uterine Horn': Top Publications. BioMedLib Review; FunctionalConcept;CongenitalAbsenceOf:707106622. ISSN: 2331-5717. 2014/5/5
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  • [Title] 'Functional Concepts' associated with 'Congenital Absence Of One Uterine Horn': Top Publications.
  • [Transliterated title]
  • Background: There are articles published each month which present 'Functional Concept' for 'congenital absence of one uterine horn'.
  • Finding such articles is important for researchers, clinicians, and patients.
  • However these articles are spread across thousands of journals, and there are many types of 'Functional Concept'.
  • This makes searching and locating the relevant publications a challenge.
  • We have used BioMedLib's semantic search technology to address the issue, and gathered all the pertinent publications in this review article.
  • Methods: We categorized the publications we found into two groups.
  • We used the strength of textual-association to separate the groups.
  • In group one there are publications with the strongest evidence of association. We focused finding the most relevant publications pertinent to our goal, rather than combining them into a conclusion section. Such textual synthesis will be the focus of our next project.
  • Results: Group one includes 28 publications, and group two 190 publications.
  • Here are the top 10.
  • Cerekja A et al: Unicornuate uteri associated with contralateral renal agenesis and ovarian anomalies.
  • Atmaca R et al: Acute abdomen in a case with noncommunicating rudimentary horn and unicornuate uterus.
  • Iyoke C et al: Live Birth Following a Term Pregnancy in a Non-communicating Rudimentary Horn of a Unicornuate Uterus.
  • Mavrelos D et al: Ultrasound diagnosis of ectopic pregnancy in the non-communicating horn of a unicornuate uterus (cornual pregnancy).
  • Ombelet W et al: Undescended ovary and unicornuate uterus: simplified diagnosis by the use of clomiphene citrate ovarian stimulation and magnetic resonance imaging (MRI).
  • Okonta PI et al: Pregnancy in a noncommunicating rudimentary horn of a unicornuate uterus: a case report.
  • Nunes N et al: VATER/VACTERL syndrome (vertebra/anus/cardiac/trachea/esophogus/radius/renal/limb anomalies) with a noncommunicating functioning uterine horn and a unicornuate uterus: a case report.
  • Theodoridis TD et al: Laparoscopic management of unicornuate uterus with non-communicating rudimentary horn (three cases).
  • Demir B et al: An incidental finding of unicornuate uterus with unilateral ovarian agenesis during cesarean delivery.
  • Pasini A et al: [Spontaneous ectopic contralateral pregnancy with unicornuate uterus. A case report].

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  • [Copyright] Copyright 2014 Siadaty and Cooper; licensee BioMedLib LLC.
  • (UID = 707106622.001).
  • [ISSN] 2331-5717
  • [Journal-full-title] BioMedLib Review
  • [Language] eng
  • [Publication-type] Review
  • [Publication-country] UNITED STATES
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20. Cooper IF, Siadaty MS: 'Body PartsCMMA OrgansCMMA or Organ Components' associated with 'Congenital Absence Of One Uterine Horn': Top Publications. BioMedLib Review; BodyPartOrgan;CongenitalAbsenceOf:706976890. ISSN: 2331-5717. 2014/12/3
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  • [Title] 'Body PartsCMMA OrgansCMMA or Organ Components' associated with 'Congenital Absence Of One Uterine Horn': Top Publications.
  • [Transliterated title]
  • Background: There are articles published each month which present 'Body Part Organ or Organ Component' for 'congenital absence of one uterine horn'.
  • Finding such articles is important for researchers, clinicians, and patients.
  • However these articles are spread across thousands of journals, and there are many types of 'Body Part Organ or Organ Component'.
  • This makes searching and locating the relevant publications a challenge.
  • We have used BioMedLib's semantic search technology to address the issue, and gathered all the pertinent publications in this review article.
  • Methods: We categorized the publications we found into two groups.
  • We used the strength of textual-association to separate the groups.
  • In group one there are publications with the strongest evidence of association. We focused finding the most relevant publications pertinent to our goal, rather than combining them into a conclusion section. Such textual synthesis will be the focus of our next project.
  • Results: Group one includes 40 publications, and group two 190 publications.
  • Here are the top 10.
  • Cooper IF et al: 'Congenital abnormalities' associated with 'Congenital Absence Of One Uterine Horn': Top Publications.
  • Cerekja A et al: Unicornuate uteri associated with contralateral renal agenesis and ovarian anomalies.
  • Zapardiel I et al: Laparoscopic management of a cavitated noncommunicating rudimentary uterine horn of a unicornuate uterus: a case report.
  • Iyoke C et al: Live Birth Following a Term Pregnancy in a Non-communicating Rudimentary Horn of a Unicornuate Uterus.
  • Sangwan N et al: Puerperal uterine inversion associated with unicornuate uterus.
  • Frontino G et al: The unicornuate uterus with an occult adenomyotic rudimentary horn.
  • Theodoridis TD et al: Laparoscopic management of unicornuate uterus with non-communicating rudimentary horn (three cases).
  • Perez-Medina T et al: Advanced pregnancy loss in the rudimentary horn of an undiagnosed unicornuate uterus.
  • Atmaca R et al: Acute abdomen in a case with noncommunicating rudimentary horn and unicornuate uterus.
  • Mavrelos D et al: Ultrasound diagnosis of ectopic pregnancy in the non-communicating horn of a unicornuate uterus (cornual pregnancy).

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  • [Copyright] Copyright 2014 Siadaty and Cooper; licensee BioMedLib LLC.
  • (UID = 706976890.001).
  • [ISSN] 2331-5717
  • [Journal-full-title] BioMedLib Review
  • [Language] eng
  • [Publication-type] Review
  • [Publication-country] UNITED STATES
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21. Alvir I, Puljiz M, Tomica D, Danolić D, Mamić I, Toth T: An incidental finding of unicornuate uterus with unilateral ovarian agenesis during laparoscopy in patient who gave birth to eleven children: a case report. Coll Antropol; 2013 Mar;37(1):289-91
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  • [Source] The source of this record is MEDLINE®, a database of the U.S. National Library of Medicine.
  • [Title] An incidental finding of unicornuate uterus with unilateral ovarian agenesis during laparoscopy in patient who gave birth to eleven children: a case report.
  • Congenital uterine anomalies are often asymptomatic.
  • We report the case of a 38-year old patient with unicornuate uterus without rudimentary horn and with unilateral left ovarian agenesis and unilateral left renal agenesis who gave birth to eleven children.
  • [MeSH-major] Laparoscopy / methods. Ovary / abnormalities. Uterus / abnormalities
  • [MeSH-minor] Adult. Female. Gonadal Dysgenesis / diagnosis. Humans. Incidental Findings. Kidney / abnormalities

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  • (PMID = 23697286.001).
  • [ISSN] 0350-6134
  • [Journal-full-title] Collegium antropologicum
  • [ISO-abbreviation] Coll Antropol
  • [Language] eng
  • [Publication-type] Case Reports; Journal Article
  • [Publication-country] Croatia
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22. Uyar I, Gulhan I, Sipahi M, Hanhan HM, Ozeren M: Ectopic ovary confirmed by ovarian stimulation in a case of unicornuate uterus. Fertil Steril; 2011 Aug;96(2):e122-4
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  • [Source] The source of this record is MEDLINE®, a database of the U.S. National Library of Medicine.
  • [Title] Ectopic ovary confirmed by ovarian stimulation in a case of unicornuate uterus.
  • OBJECTIVE: To present a case of unicornuate uterus with ipsilateral ectopic ovary and renal agenesis.
  • unicornuate uterus without contralateral horn, with ipsilateral ectopic ovary and renal agenesis, was diagnosed.
  • MAIN OUTCOME MEASURE(S): During laparoscopy, a unicornuate uterus without a contralateral horn, together with ectopic ovary, was observed.
  • CONCLUSION(S): We present a rare clinical entity that exhibits a unicornuate uterus without a contralateral horn, with ipsilateral right ectopic ovary and renal agenesis together.
  • We conclude that ovarian stimulation is a useful approach in the diagnosis of ectopic ovaries.
  • [MeSH-major] Choristoma. Clomiphene / diagnostic use. Fertility Agents, Female / diagnostic use. Infertility, Female / etiology. Ovary. Ovulation Induction. Peritoneal Diseases / diagnosis. Uterus / abnormalities
  • [MeSH-minor] Adult. Congenital Abnormalities / diagnosis. Female. Humans. Kidney / abnormalities. Kidney Diseases / congenital. Laparoscopy. Predictive Value of Tests

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  • [Copyright] Copyright © 2011. Published by Elsevier Inc.
  • (PMID = 21640342.001).
  • [ISSN] 1556-5653
  • [Journal-full-title] Fertility and sterility
  • [ISO-abbreviation] Fertil. Steril.
  • [Language] eng
  • [Publication-type] Case Reports; Journal Article
  • [Publication-country] United States
  • [Chemical-registry-number] 0 / Fertility Agents, Female; 1HRS458QU2 / Clomiphene; Hereditary renal agenesis
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23. van 't Hooft J, Rabotti C, Oei SG: Electrohysterographic evaluation of preterm contractions in a patient with a unicornuate uterus. Acta Obstet Gynecol Scand; 2013 Jun;92(6):730-3
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  • [Source] The source of this record is MEDLINE®, a database of the U.S. National Library of Medicine.
  • [Title] Electrohysterographic evaluation of preterm contractions in a patient with a unicornuate uterus.
  • A multiparous woman with a unicornuate uterus presented at 28 weeks of gestation with preterm contractions.
  • The parameters derived from the electrohysterogram such as conduction velocity and power density spectrum peak frequency are promising ones to follow the evolution of pregnancy towards labor, and to distinguish between productive and unproductive uterine contractions, in the case of a unicornuate uterus as well as one that is normally developed.
  • [MeSH-major] Electromyography. Obstetric Labor, Premature / diagnosis. Uterine Contraction / physiology. Uterus / abnormalities
  • [MeSH-minor] Adult. Female. Humans. Mullerian Ducts / abnormalities. Pregnancy. Uterine Monitoring / methods

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  • [Copyright] © 2013 The Authors Acta Obstetricia et Gynecologica Scandinavica © 2013 Nordic Federation of Societies of Obstetrics and Gynecology.
  • (PMID = 23488677.001).
  • [ISSN] 1600-0412
  • [Journal-full-title] Acta obstetricia et gynecologica Scandinavica
  • [ISO-abbreviation] Acta Obstet Gynecol Scand
  • [Language] eng
  • [Publication-type] Case Reports; Journal Article
  • [Publication-country] England
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24. Medeiros LR, Rosa DD, Silva FR, Silva BR, Rosa MI: Laparoscopic approach of a unicornuate uterus with noncommunicating rudimentary horns. ISRN Obstet Gynecol; 2011;2011:906138
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  • [Source] The source of this record is MEDLINE®, a database of the U.S. National Library of Medicine.
  • [Title] Laparoscopic approach of a unicornuate uterus with noncommunicating rudimentary horns.
  • Background. Müllerian duct malformations delineate a miscellaneous group of congenital anomalies that result from arrested development, abnormal formation, or incomplete fusion of the mesonephric ducts. Case.
  • This paper describes the diagnosis and management of a noncommunicating rudimentary horn complicated by severe pelvic pain and associated endometriosis.
  • Operative videolaparoscopy proved to be a successful approach for the treatment of this congenital Müllerian anomaly.

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  • [Cites] Hum Reprod. 1999 Aug;14(8):1965-8 [10438410.001]
  • [Cites] Fertil Steril. 1991 Dec;56(6):1192-3 [1743344.001]
  • [Cites] Int J Fertil. 1990 Sep-Oct;35(5):297-301 [1980666.001]
  • [Cites] Surg Laparosc Endosc. 1994 Apr;4(2):155-6 [8180771.001]
  • [Cites] Hum Reprod. 1997 Oct;12(10):2277-81 [9402295.001]
  • [Cites] Fertil Steril. 1979 Jul;32(1):40-6 [456629.001]
  • [Cites] Obstet Gynecol. 1978 May;51(5):559-62 [652203.001]
  • [Cites] Fertil Steril. 1988 Jun;49(6):944-55 [3371491.001]
  • [Cites] Obstet Gynecol. 1987 Mar;69(3 Pt 1):412-5 [3822289.001]
  • [Cites] Fertil Steril. 1985 May;43(5):681-92 [3888677.001]
  • [Cites] Hum Reprod. 1998 Sep;13(9):2643-4 [9806300.001]
  • (PMID = 21647229.001).
  • [ISSN] 2090-4444
  • [Journal-full-title] ISRN obstetrics and gynecology
  • [ISO-abbreviation] ISRN Obstet Gynecol
  • [Language] eng
  • [Publication-type] Journal Article
  • [Publication-country] Egypt
  • [Other-IDs] NLM/ PMC3101792
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25. Jessel RH, Laufer MR: Management of lower vaginal agenesis in a patient with unicornuate uterus. J Pediatr Adolesc Gynecol; 2013 Feb;26(1):e21-3
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  • [Source] The source of this record is MEDLINE®, a database of the U.S. National Library of Medicine.
  • [Title] Management of lower vaginal agenesis in a patient with unicornuate uterus.
  • BACKGROUND: Absence of the lower vagina occurs from abnormal development of the sinovaginal bulbs and vaginal plate.
  • Given prior urologic and rectal surgery, and laterality of unicornuate system, intra-operative ultrasonography (US) was performed.
  • In a unicornuate system, the use of intra-operative US is helpful to determine the appropriate angle of dissection.
  • [MeSH-major] Heart Defects, Congenital / complications. Hematocolpos / etiology. Limb Deformities, Congenital / complications. Reconstructive Surgical Procedures / methods. Uterus / abnormalities. Vagina / abnormalities. Vaginal Diseases / etiology

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  • [Copyright] Copyright © 2013 North American Society for Pediatric and Adolescent Gynecology. Published by Elsevier Inc. All rights reserved.
  • (PMID = 23332200.001).
  • [ISSN] 1873-4332
  • [Journal-full-title] Journal of pediatric and adolescent gynecology
  • [ISO-abbreviation] J Pediatr Adolesc Gynecol
  • [Language] eng
  • [Publication-type] Case Reports; Journal Article
  • [Publication-country] United States
  • [Chemical-registry-number] VACTERL association
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26. Seckin B, Sarikaya E, Oruc AS, Celen S, Cicek N: Office hysteroscopic findings in patients with two, three, and four or more, consecutive miscarriages. Eur J Contracept Reprod Health Care; 2012 Oct;17(5):393-8
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  • [Source] The source of this record is MEDLINE®, a database of the U.S. National Library of Medicine.
  • OBJECTIVES: To assess hysteroscopic findings in patients with two, three, and four or more, consecutive miscarriages, and to compare the prevalence of uterine abnormalities between women with different numbers of such miscarriages.
  • Congenital (arcuate uterus, septate uterus, unicornuate uterus) and acquired uterine abnormalities (intrauterine adhesions, polyp and submucous myoma) were recorded.
  • RESULTS: No anomalies were detected in 152 patients (57%), whereas 43 (16%) had a septate uterus, 30 (11%) an arcuate uterus, three (1%) a unicornuate uterus, 18 (7%) intrauterine adhesions, 17 (6 %) endometrial polyps, and two (1%) a submucous myoma.
  • No significant differences were found between the groups with regard to either congenital or acquired uterine abnormalities.
  • CONCLUSIONS: Patients with two, three, and four or more consecutive miscarriages have a similar prevalence of uterine anatomical abnormalities.
  • [MeSH-major] Abortion, Habitual / diagnosis. Hysteroscopy / statistics & numerical data
  • [MeSH-minor] Adolescent. Adult. Delivery, Obstetric / statistics & numerical data. Female. Humans. Medical Records. Parity. Pregnancy. Prospective Studies. Turkey / epidemiology. Uterine Diseases / complications. Uterine Diseases / epidemiology. Uterus / abnormalities

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  • (PMID = 22974433.001).
  • [ISSN] 1473-0782
  • [Journal-full-title] The European journal of contraception & reproductive health care : the official journal of the European Society of Contraception
  • [ISO-abbreviation] Eur J Contracept Reprod Health Care
  • [Language] eng
  • [Publication-type] Journal Article
  • [Publication-country] England
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27. Tran CN, Semins MJ, Epstein JI, Gearhart JP: Ovotesticular disorder of sex development with mosaic 45,X/46,X,idic(Y) (q11.23) karyotype and streak gonad. Urology; 2011 Nov;78(5):1178-81
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  • [Title] Ovotesticular disorder of sex development with mosaic 45,X/46,X,idic(Y) (q11.23) karyotype and streak gonad.
  • Pelvic ultrasonography, genitogram, and magnetic resonance imaging confirmed a long common urogenital sinus, vagina, cervix, unicornuate uterus, phallus, and bilateral intra-abdominal gonads resembling testes.
  • The histopathologic findings were consistent with ovotesticular disorder of sex development with a unique combination of testis and ovary on the left and testis and streak gonad on the right.

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  • [Copyright] Copyright © 2011 Elsevier Inc. All rights reserved.
  • (PMID = 21550644.001).
  • [ISSN] 1527-9995
  • [Journal-full-title] Urology
  • [ISO-abbreviation] Urology
  • [Language] eng
  • [Publication-type] Case Reports; Journal Article
  • [Publication-country] United States
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28. Bermejo C, Martínez Ten P, Cantarero R, Diaz D, Pérez Pedregosa J, Barrón E, Labrador E, Ruiz López L: Three-dimensional ultrasound in the diagnosis of Müllerian duct anomalies and concordance with magnetic resonance imaging. Ultrasound Obstet Gynecol; 2010 May;35(5):593-601
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  • [Source] The source of this record is MEDLINE®, a database of the U.S. National Library of Medicine.
  • [Title] Three-dimensional ultrasound in the diagnosis of Müllerian duct anomalies and concordance with magnetic resonance imaging.
  • OBJECTIVES: To demonstrate the value of three-dimensional (3D) ultrasound in the diagnosis of uterine malformations and its concordance with magnetic resonance imaging (MRI).
  • METHODS: This study included 286 women diagnosed with uterine malformation by 3D ultrasound, having been referred to our clinics on suspicion of uterine malformation following clinical and/or conventional two-dimensional ultrasound examination.
  • We analyzed the diagnostic concordance between the techniques in the study of uterine malformations.
  • RESULTS: Using 3D ultrasound we diagnosed: one case with uterine agenesis; 10 with unicornuate uterus, four of which also underwent MRI; six with didelphic uterus, one of which had MRI; 45 with bicornuate uterus, 12 of which had MRI; 125 with septate uterus (18 with two cervices), 42 of which had MRI (six with two cervices); 96 with arcuate uterus, three of which had MRI; and three with diethylstilbestrol (DES) iatrogenic uterine malformations, all of which had MRI.
  • Among the 65 which underwent MRI, the diagnosis was: four cases with unicornuate uterus, 10 with bicornuate uterus (two with two cervices), 45 with septate uterus (five with two cervices), three with arcuate uterus and three with DES-related uterine malformations.
  • Discrepancies in diagnosis between the two techniques occurred in four cases.
  • There was very good concordance in the diagnosis of associated findings (kappa index, 0.878 (95% CI, 0.775-0.980)), this analysis identifying differences in two cases.
  • CONCLUSIONS: There is a high degree of concordance between 3D ultrasound and MRI in the diagnosis of uterine malformations, the relationship between cavity and fundus being visualized equally well with both techniques.
  • [MeSH-major] Mullerian Ducts / abnormalities. Uterine Diseases / diagnosis. Uterus / abnormalities

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  • [Copyright] Copyright 2010 ISUOG. Published by John Wiley & Sons, Ltd.
  • (PMID = 20052665.001).
  • [ISSN] 1469-0705
  • [Journal-full-title] Ultrasound in obstetrics & gynecology : the official journal of the International Society of Ultrasound in Obstetrics and Gynecology
  • [ISO-abbreviation] Ultrasound Obstet Gynecol
  • [Language] eng
  • [Publication-type] Journal Article
  • [Publication-country] England
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29. McIntyre RL, Levy JK, Roberts JF, Reep RL: Developmental uterine anomalies in cats and dogs undergoing elective ovariohysterectomy. J Am Vet Med Assoc; 2010 Sep 1;237(5):542-6
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  • [Title] Developmental uterine anomalies in cats and dogs undergoing elective ovariohysterectomy.
  • OBJECTIVE: To describe the characteristics and frequency of gross uterine anomalies in cats and dogs undergoing elective ovariohysterectomy.
  • RESULTS: Suspected congenital anomalies of the uterus were identified in 0.09% (49/53,258) of female cats and 0.05% (15/32,660) of female dogs.
  • Uterine anomalies identified included unicornuate uterus (33 cats and 11 dogs), segmental agenesis of 1 uterine horn (15 cats and 3 dogs), and uterine horn hypoplasia (1 cat and 1 dog).
  • Ipsilateral renal agenesis was present in 29.4% (10/34) of cats and 50.0% (6/12) of dogs with uterine anomalies in which kidneys were evaluated.
  • Mummified ectopic fetuses were identified in 4 cats with uterine anomalies.
  • Both ovaries and both uterine tubes were present in most animals with uterine anomalies.
  • Identification of uterine developmental anomalies in dogs and cats should trigger evaluation of both kidneys and both ovaries because ipsilateral renal agenesis is common, but both ovaries are likely to be present and should be removed during ovariohysterectomy.
  • [MeSH-major] Cat Diseases / pathology. Dog Diseases / pathology. Hysterectomy / veterinary. Ovariectomy / veterinary. Urogenital Abnormalities / veterinary. Uterus / abnormalities

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  • (PMID = 20807131.001).
  • [ISSN] 0003-1488
  • [Journal-full-title] Journal of the American Veterinary Medical Association
  • [ISO-abbreviation] J. Am. Vet. Med. Assoc.
  • [Language] eng
  • [Publication-type] Journal Article; Research Support, Non-U.S. Gov't
  • [Publication-country] United States
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30. Tanaka Y, Koyama S, Kobayashi M, Kubota S, Nakamura R, Isobe M, Shiki Y: Complex Müllerian malformation without any present classification: unilateral ovarian and tubal absence with an arcuate uterus. Asian J Endosc Surg; 2013 Feb;6(1):55-7
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  • [Title] Complex Müllerian malformation without any present classification: unilateral ovarian and tubal absence with an arcuate uterus.
  • Herein, we report a rare case of Müllerian duct anomaly, unilateral ovarian and tubal absence with an arcuate uterus.
  • The failure of the Müllerian ducts to canalize can also lead to the development of a unicornuate uterus and adnexal agenesis.
  • An arcuate uterus indicates incomplete septal absorption after normal fusion of the Müllerian ducts.
  • Therefore, its coexistence with adnexal absence and an arcuate uterus is considered to be extremely unlikely.
  • [MeSH-major] Abnormalities, Multiple / classification. Fallopian Tubes / abnormalities. Mullerian Ducts / abnormalities. Ovary / abnormalities. Uterus / abnormalities

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  • [Copyright] © 2013 Japan Society for Endoscopic Surgery, Asia Endosurgery Task Force and Wiley Publishing Asia Pty Ltd.
  • (PMID = 23347709.001).
  • [ISSN] 1758-5910
  • [Journal-full-title] Asian journal of endoscopic surgery
  • [ISO-abbreviation] Asian J Endosc Surg
  • [Language] eng
  • [Publication-type] Case Reports; Journal Article
  • [Publication-country] Japan
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31. Brucker SY, Rall K, Campo R, Oppelt P, Isaacson K: Treatment of congenital malformations. Semin Reprod Med; 2011 Mar;29(2):101-12
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  • [Source] The source of this record is MEDLINE®, a database of the U.S. National Library of Medicine.
  • [Title] Treatment of congenital malformations.
  • A third of the anomalies are septate, a third bicornuate uteri, 10% arcuate uterus, 10% didelphis and unicornuate uterus, and < 5% uterine and vaginal aplasia.
  • Correct diagnosis of the malformation is most important but often very difficult.
  • Correct treatment can only be performed if the malformation is clear.
  • Congenital vaginal agenesis occurs in Mayer-Rokitansky-Kuster-Hauser syndrome patients and in androgen insensitivity syndrome.
  • Septate uterus has to be distinguished from a bicornuate uterus.
  • Repair of a uterine septum in infertility patients often improves pregnancy rates.
  • In contrast, surgical repair of a bicornuate uterus requires an abdominal metroplasty.
  • This should only be performed if the patient has recurrent fetal loss due to the uterine structural defect.
  • In a unicornuate uterus it is most important to determine if there is a second uterine horn that can cause cyclic pain if it has functioning endometrium.
  • The only surgical option in these cases is to remove the rudimentary uterus with endometrium and hematometra, respectively.
  • [MeSH-major] Gynecologic Surgical Procedures. Uterus / abnormalities
  • [MeSH-minor] Amenorrhea / etiology. Female. Hematocolpos / etiology. Hematometra / etiology. Humans. Laparoscopy. Mullerian Ducts / abnormalities. Pregnancy. Reconstructive Surgical Procedures. Skin Transplantation. Surgical Flaps. Uterine Diseases / therapy. Vagina / abnormalities. Vagina / surgery

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  • [Copyright] © Thieme Medical Publishers.
  • (PMID = 21437824.001).
  • [ISSN] 1526-4564
  • [Journal-full-title] Seminars in reproductive medicine
  • [ISO-abbreviation] Semin. Reprod. Med.
  • [Language] eng
  • [Publication-type] Journal Article; Review
  • [Publication-country] United States
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32. Mahmoud MS: Maldescended ovary associated with Müllerian and kidney dysgenesis: a case report. J Reprod Med; 2014 May-Jun;59(5-6):337-40
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  • [Source] The source of this record is MEDLINE®, a database of the U.S. National Library of Medicine.
  • CASE: We present a case of maldescended ovary associated with a unicornuate uterus, normal left ovary and fallopian tube, elongated right fallopian tube and utero-ovarian ligament, and right pelvic kidney, discovered incidentally during a workup for chronic pelvic and abdominal pain.
  • CONCLUSION: It is important to consider looking for a maldescended ovary whenever a patient has a Müllerian and/or kidney anomaly with absence of one or both ovaries on pelvic imaging.
  • [MeSH-minor] Abdominal Pain. Adult. Fallopian Tubes / abnormalities. Female. Humans. Laparoscopy. Magnetic Resonance Imaging. Pelvic Pain. Ultrasonography. Uterus / abnormalities

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  • (PMID = 24937980.001).
  • [ISSN] 0024-7758
  • [Journal-full-title] The Journal of reproductive medicine
  • [ISO-abbreviation] J Reprod Med
  • [Language] eng
  • [Publication-type] Case Reports; Journal Article
  • [Publication-country] United States
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33. Ambusaidi Q, Jha C: Pregnancy in the Rudimentary Uterine Horn: Case report of an unusual presentation. Sultan Qaboos Univ Med J; 2014 Feb;14(1):e134-8
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  • [Title] Pregnancy in the Rudimentary Uterine Horn: Case report of an unusual presentation.
  • A unicornuate uterus with a rudimentary horn is a uterine anomaly resulting from the incomplete development of one of the Müllerian ducts and an incomplete fusion with the contralateral side.
  • Pregnancy in a rudimentary horn of the uterus is a rare clinical condition with a reported incidence of 1 in 100,000 to 140,000 pregnancies.
  • Usually the diagnosis is missed and may present as an emergency with haemoperitoneum.
  • The standard treatment is the surgical excision of the horn.
  • She underwent a laparotomy with right rudimentary horn excision.
  • The final diagnosis of a non-communicating rudimentary horn pregnancy was made intraoperatively and was confirmed by histopathology.
  • This case highlights the importance of an early ultrasound in detecting uterine anomalies and the need for high clinical suspicion.

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  • (PMID = 24516746.001).
  • [ISSN] 2075-051X
  • [Journal-full-title] Sultan Qaboos University medical journal
  • [ISO-abbreviation] Sultan Qaboos Univ Med J
  • [Language] eng
  • [Publication-type] Journal Article
  • [Publication-country] Oman
  • [Other-IDs] NLM/ PMC3916269
  • [Keywords] NOTNLM ; Case Report / Laparotomy / Magnetic Resonance Imaging / Oman / Pregnancy / Ultrasonography / Uterus, abnormalities
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34. Erman-Akar M, Ozkan O, Ozkan O, Yucel S, Dolay K, Ertugrul F, Bektas G: Uterine preservation and vaginal reconstruction in a patient with congenital vaginal agenesis presenting with cyclic menouria. J Minim Invasive Gynecol; 2011 Sep-Oct;18(5):682-5
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  • [Source] The source of this record is MEDLINE®, a database of the U.S. National Library of Medicine.
  • [Title] Uterine preservation and vaginal reconstruction in a patient with congenital vaginal agenesis presenting with cyclic menouria.
  • Abdominopelvic magnetic resonance imaging demonstrated a remnant upper vagina and unicornuate uterus filled with fluid, and left-sided renal agenesis.
  • Intraoperatively, a congenital vesicouterine fistulous tract was observed.
  • The proximal part of the neovagina was connected to the remnant cervix, and a Foley catheter was left in the uterine cavity for 7 days to prevent obstruction.
  • Menouria might be an early sign of congenital vesicouterine fistula.
  • Resection of the fistulous tract with uterine preservation might be considered in patients with vaginal agenesis.
  • [MeSH-minor] Female. Humans. Treatment Outcome. Uterus / abnormalities. Young Adult

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  • [Copyright] Copyright © 2011 AAGL. Published by Elsevier Inc. All rights reserved.
  • (PMID = 21872177.001).
  • [ISSN] 1553-4669
  • [Journal-full-title] Journal of minimally invasive gynecology
  • [ISO-abbreviation] J Minim Invasive Gynecol
  • [Language] eng
  • [Publication-type] Case Reports; Journal Article
  • [Publication-country] United States
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35. Robbins JB, Parry JP, Guite KM, Hanson ME, Chow LC, Kliewer MA, Sadowski EA: MRI of pregnancy-related issues: müllerian duct anomalies. AJR Am J Roentgenol; 2012 Feb;198(2):302-10
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  • [Source] The source of this record is MEDLINE®, a database of the U.S. National Library of Medicine.
  • CONCLUSION: Whereas uterine and vaginal septa, vaginal agenesis, and unicornuate uterus can be managed surgically, other uterine anomalies tend to be managed clinically.
  • [MeSH-major] Magnetic Resonance Imaging / methods. Mullerian Ducts / abnormalities. Pregnancy Complications / diagnosis. Urogenital Abnormalities / diagnosis


36. Canda MT, Demir N, Doganay L: Velamentous and Furcate Cord Insertion with Placenta Accreta in an IVF Pregnancy with Unicornuate Uterus. Case Rep Obstet Gynecol; 2013;2013:539379
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  • [Title] Velamentous and Furcate Cord Insertion with Placenta Accreta in an IVF Pregnancy with Unicornuate Uterus.

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  • (PMID = 24455351.001).
  • [ISSN] 2090-6684
  • [Journal-full-title] Case reports in obstetrics and gynecology
  • [ISO-abbreviation] Case Rep Obstet Gynecol
  • [Language] eng
  • [Publication-type] Journal Article
  • [Publication-country] United States
  • [Other-IDs] NLM/ PMC3885222
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37. Chifan M, Tîrnovanu M, Grigore M, Zanoschi C: Cervical incompetence associated with congenital uterine malformations. Rev Med Chir Soc Med Nat Iasi; 2012 Oct-Dec;116(4):1063-8
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  • [Source] The source of this record is MEDLINE®, a database of the U.S. National Library of Medicine.
  • [Title] Cervical incompetence associated with congenital uterine malformations.
  • AIM: To estimate the incidence of incompetence of the uterine cervix at patients with congenital uterine malformations.
  • MATERIAL AND METHODS: Our study was a retrospective and prospective one between 2002 and 2009.
  • RESULTS: We had 316 cases with congenital uterine malformations.
  • From these we found 49 (15.3%) women with incompetence of the cervix: 8 (2.5%) with unicornuate uterus, 11 (3.4%) with bicornuate uterus and 30 (9.5%) cases uterus with septum.
  • The use of ultrasonography has been very helpful with the diagnosis, and is made when the cervical os (opening) is greater than 2.5 cm, or the length has shortened to less than 20 mm.
  • CONCLUSIONS: When we have cases with congenital uterine malformations we must think that incompetence of the cervix could be associated, so we must assess the status of the cervix for these patients by serial ultrasound examinations starting between 16 and 20 weeks of gestation.
  • Our patients had preterm delivery caused not only the incompetent cervix, but the malformation of the uterus is implicated also.
  • [MeSH-major] Obstetric Labor, Premature / ultrasonography. Ultrasonography, Prenatal. Uterine Cervical Incompetence / ultrasonography. Uterus / ultrasonography

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  • (PMID = 23700889.001).
  • [ISSN] 0048-7848
  • [Journal-full-title] Revista medico-chirurgicală̆ a Societă̆ţ̜ii de Medici ş̧i Naturaliş̧ti din Iaş̧i
  • [ISO-abbreviation] Rev Med Chir Soc Med Nat Iasi
  • [Language] eng
  • [Publication-type] Journal Article
  • [Publication-country] Romania
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38. Szkodziak P, Woźniak S, Czuczwar P, Paszkowski T, Milart P, Wozniakowska E, Szlichtyng W: Usefulness of three dimensional transvaginal ultrasonography and hysterosalpingography in diagnosing uterine anomalies. Ginekol Pol; 2014 May;85(5):354-9
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  • [Source] The source of this record is MEDLINE®, a database of the U.S. National Library of Medicine.
  • [Title] Usefulness of three dimensional transvaginal ultrasonography and hysterosalpingography in diagnosing uterine anomalies.
  • INTRODUCTION: Uterine anomalies may lead to infertility recurrent miscarriage, preterm labour intrauterine growth restriction and post-partum haemorrhage.
  • Diagnostic algorithms in such cases include the evaluation of uterine anatomy Magnetic resonance imaging (MRI) is the most accurate technique for visualizing the female genitourinary tract anatomy but as it is expensive and not readily available, it is not useful in everyday practice.
  • Hysterosalpingography (HSG) is a frequently performed procedure that plays an important role in evaluating the uterus and fallopian tubes.
  • However this procedure is invasive, exposes the patient to ionizing radiation, carries a risk of complications and does not show the external contour of the uterus, which is essential for differentiating uterine anomalies.
  • Three dimensional transvaginal ultrasound (3D TV USG) is a noninvasive and quick, imaging method that may be used in diagnosing uterine anomalies.
  • This method allows evaluate the external contours of the uterus, making it comparable to MRI.
  • OBJECTIVE AND METHODS: In this study we discuss the advantages and disadvantages of HSG and 3D TV USG in diagnosing uterine anomalies.
  • Additionally we present the results of HSG and 3D TV USG of 155 patients referred to our Department because of infertility and/or suspected uterine anomalies.
  • RESULTS: After performing HSG, in the studied group 118 patients were diagnosed with a normal uterus, 4 with unicornuate (including 1 patient with an unicornuate uterus, with rudimentary horn), and 6 with didelphys uterus.
  • In 22 cases, due to the lack of evaluation of external contour of the uterus, we could not differentiate arcuate, septate and bicornuate uterus.
  • After performing 3D TV USG we confirmed the HSG diagnosis and precise differentiated 22 disputable cases.
  • 8 with arcuate, 11 with septate (2 complete and 9 partial) and 3 with complete bicornuate uterus.
  • In these cases 3D TV USG allowed the anatomic assessment of the uterus, a normal uterus was found in all of them.
  • All uterine anomalies were then confirmed by hysteroscopy and/or laparoscopy CONCLUSIONS: Basing on a review of the literature and our results, we conclude that HSG is not the optimal method for diagnosing uterine anomalies, while 3D TV USG can accurately show the uterus anomalies and may become an alternative method to MRI.
  • [MeSH-major] Imaging, Three-Dimensional / methods. Infertility, Female / radiography. Infertility, Female / ultrasonography. Urogenital Abnormalities / radiography. Urogenital Abnormalities / ultrasonography. Uterus / abnormalities. Uterus / ultrasonography
  • [MeSH-minor] Adult. Contrast Media / diagnostic use. Diagnosis, Differential. Female. Humans. Hysterosalpingography / methods. Image Processing, Computer-Assisted / methods. Sensitivity and Specificity. Young Adult

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  • (PMID = 25011216.001).
  • [ISSN] 0017-0011
  • [Journal-full-title] Ginekologia polska
  • [ISO-abbreviation] Ginekol. Pol.
  • [Language] eng
  • [Publication-type] Journal Article
  • [Publication-country] Poland
  • [Chemical-registry-number] 0 / Contrast Media
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39. Acién P, Acién M: Unilateral renal agenesis and female genital tract pathologies. Acta Obstet Gynecol Scand; 2010 Nov;89(11):1424-31
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  • [Source] The source of this record is MEDLINE®, a database of the U.S. National Library of Medicine.
  • OBJECTIVES: To analyze the gynecological pathologies and extragenital anomalies associated with unilateral renal agenesis (URA) and the possible origin of these congenital anomalies.
  • METHODS: There were 60 cases of women diagnosed with genital malformations and congenital URA and 216 control cases of women with genital tract malformations and both kidneys present.
  • RESULTS: URA was generally associated with either agenesis of all of the derivatives of the urogenital ridge on the same side of the body, which were usually found on the left, or distal mesonephric anomalies such as a double uterus with a blind hemivagina or unilateral cervico-vaginal atresia, which were most frequently on the right.
  • The uterine malformations that were most commonly seen in women with renal agenesis were bicornis-bicollis, didelphys and unicornuate uteri.
  • Women with bicornuate or didelphys uteri and renal agenesis had more gynecological pathologies, such as endometriosis, than those with both kidneys present.
  • CONCLUSIONS: URA and major uterine malformations are frequently related, and individuals with bicornuate or didelphys uteri have endometriosis more often than those without renal agenesis.
  • Those malformations that seem to be caused by the absence or anomaly of a mesonephric duct lead to renal agenesis, ipsilateral vaginal anomalies (blind or atretic hemivagina) and failure of the induction function of the Wolffian ducts on the Müllerian ducts, causing uterine malformations.

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  • (PMID = 20799917.001).
  • [ISSN] 1600-0412
  • [Journal-full-title] Acta obstetricia et gynecologica Scandinavica
  • [ISO-abbreviation] Acta Obstet Gynecol Scand
  • [Language] eng
  • [Publication-type] Journal Article
  • [Publication-country] England
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40. El Saman AM, Abo Elhassan AM, Tawfik RM, Saadeldeen H: An adolescent affliction: nephrectomy and persistent severe pains due to misdiagnosed non-communicating "retroperitoneal" uterine horn. J Pediatr Adolesc Gynecol; 2012 Jun;25(3):e57-9
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  • [Source] The source of this record is MEDLINE®, a database of the U.S. National Library of Medicine.
  • [Title] An adolescent affliction: nephrectomy and persistent severe pains due to misdiagnosed non-communicating "retroperitoneal" uterine horn.
  • STUDY OBJECTIVE: To report the existence and management of retroperitoneal functioning uterine horn in a case with unicornuate uterus and to emphasis the significance of its misdiagnosis.
  • INTERVENTIONS: Extraperitoneal resection of the obstructed uterine horn.
  • Laparoscopy showed unicornuate uterus with only the left horn was being visualized.
  • Excision of the horn was done totally extraperitoneal without puncturing its covering parietal peritoneum within 65 min.
  • CONCLUSIONS: The present report is the first to describe the existence of a retroperitoneal functioning uterine horn with description of a successful extraperitoneal approach for its excision.
  • [MeSH-major] Diagnostic Errors. Dysmenorrhea / etiology. Kidney Diseases / diagnosis. Nephrectomy. Urogenital Abnormalities / diagnosis. Uterus / abnormalities

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  • [Copyright] Copyright © 2012 North American Society for Pediatric and Adolescent Gynecology. Published by Elsevier Inc. All rights reserved.
  • (PMID = 22206684.001).
  • [ISSN] 1873-4332
  • [Journal-full-title] Journal of pediatric and adolescent gynecology
  • [ISO-abbreviation] J Pediatr Adolesc Gynecol
  • [Language] eng
  • [Publication-type] Case Reports; Journal Article
  • [Publication-country] United States
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41. Kanagal DV, Hanumanalu LC: Ruptured rudimentary horn pregnancy at 25 weeks with previous vaginal delivery: a case report. Case Rep Obstet Gynecol; 2012;2012:985076
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  • [Source] The source of this record is MEDLINE®, a database of the U.S. National Library of Medicine.
  • [Title] Ruptured rudimentary horn pregnancy at 25 weeks with previous vaginal delivery: a case report.
  • Unicornuate uterus with rudimentary horn occurs due to failure of complete development of one of the Mullerian ducts and incomplete fusion with the contralateral side.
  • Pregnancy in a noncommunicating rudimentary horn is extremely rare and usually terminates in rupture during first or second trimester of pregnancy.
  • Diagnosis of rudimentary horn pregnancy and its rupture in a woman with prior vaginal delivery is difficult.
  • We report a case of G2PlL1 with rupture rudimentary horn pregnancy at 25 weeks of gestation which was misdiagnosed as intrauterine pregnancy with fetal demise by ultrasound, and termination was attempted and the case was later referred to our hospital after the patient developed hemoperitoneum and shock with a diagnosis of rupture uterus.
  • Laparotomy revealed rupture of right rudimentary horn pregnancy with massive hemoperitoneum.
  • Timely laparotomy, excision of the horn, and blood transfusion saved the patient.

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  • (PMID = 22720180.001).
  • [ISSN] 2090-6692
  • [Journal-full-title] Case reports in obstetrics and gynecology
  • [ISO-abbreviation] Case Rep Obstet Gynecol
  • [Language] eng
  • [Publication-type] Journal Article
  • [Publication-country] United States
  • [Other-IDs] NLM/ PMC3375039
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42. Martin JM, Moore ES, Foster TL, Sumners JE: Transabdominal cerclage placement in patients with prior uterine incisions: risk of scar disruption. J Obstet Gynaecol; 2013 Oct;33(7):682-4
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  • [Source] The source of this record is MEDLINE®, a database of the U.S. National Library of Medicine.
  • [Title] Transabdominal cerclage placement in patients with prior uterine incisions: risk of scar disruption.
  • The object of this study was to describe pregnancy outcomes in women who had a transabdominal cerclage (TAC) placed after a prior uterine incision due to caesarean section or hysterotomy.
  • This is a retrospective observational study of 57 women referred to a maternal-fetal medicine specialist (JES) for TAC placement after a previous uterine incision from 1989-2012.
  • Pregnancy outcomes post-TAC placement are reported, including gestational age at delivery, survival rate and complications directly related to labour and the previous uterine scar.
  • Of 51 women who had a prior uterine incision and were pregnant at TAC, 49 (96.1%) delivered viable infants at a mean gestational age of 35.9 weeks.
  • One patient had intrauterine fetal demise at 16 weeks for causes likely unrelated to TAC and another had uterine rupture associated with a unicornuate uterus and advancing labour at 31 weeks.
  • This study includes women with low transverse incisions, classical uterine incisions and higher order multiples.
  • It was concluded that in women with a prior uterine incision, placement of a TAC is associated with low risk (2%) of uterine rupture.
  • [MeSH-major] Cerclage, Cervical / adverse effects. Cesarean Section / adverse effects. Cicatrix / complications. Uterine Cervical Incompetence / surgery. Uterine Rupture / etiology

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  • (PMID = 24127953.001).
  • [ISSN] 1364-6893
  • [Journal-full-title] Journal of obstetrics and gynaecology : the journal of the Institute of Obstetrics and Gynaecology
  • [ISO-abbreviation] J Obstet Gynaecol
  • [Language] eng
  • [Publication-type] Journal Article
  • [Publication-country] England
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43. Gonçalves E, Prata JP, Ferreira S, Abreu R, Mesquita J, Carvalho A, Pinheiro P: An unexpected near term pregnancy in a rudimentary uterine horn. Case Rep Obstet Gynecol; 2013;2013:307828
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  • [Source] The source of this record is MEDLINE®, a database of the U.S. National Library of Medicine.
  • [Title] An unexpected near term pregnancy in a rudimentary uterine horn.
  • Unicornuate uterus occurs due to a complete or partial nondevelopment of one Mullerian duct; sometimes it is associated with a rudimentary horn, which can communicate or not with uterine cavity or contain functional endometrium.
  • Pregnancy in a rudimentary horn is rare and the outcome almost always unfavorable, usually ending in rupture during the first or second trimester with significant morbidity and mortality.
  • A cesarean for fetal malpresentation was done and, unexpectedly, a rudimentary horn pregnancy was found with a live newborn.
  • In the literature, few reports of a horn pregnancy reaching the viability with a live newborn are described, enhancing the clinical importance of this case.
  • A review of literature concerning the epidemics, clinical presentation, and appropriate management of uterine horn pregnancies is made.

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  • (PMID = 23710390.001).
  • [ISSN] 2090-6684
  • [Journal-full-title] Case reports in obstetrics and gynecology
  • [ISO-abbreviation] Case Rep Obstet Gynecol
  • [Language] eng
  • [Publication-type] Journal Article
  • [Publication-country] United States
  • [Other-IDs] NLM/ PMC3655492
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44. Rauh-Hain JA, Laufer MR: Increased diagnostic accuracy of laparoscopy in endometriosis using indigo carmine: a new technique. Fertil Steril; 2011 Mar 1;95(3):1113-4
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  • [Source] The source of this record is MEDLINE®, a database of the U.S. National Library of Medicine.
  • PATIENT(S): Twenty-nine-year-old nulligravid woman with a history of endometriosis and left unicornuate uterus with an absent right horn with a present right ovary and distal fallopian tube with recurrence of disease.
  • CONCLUSION(S): Tissue staining demonstrated lesions of endometriosis that were more easily identified; therefore, this technique could provide a special and unique approach to a more accurate diagnosis of endometriosis.
  • [MeSH-major] Coloring Agents / diagnostic use. Endometriosis / diagnosis. Indigo Carmine / diagnostic use. Laparoscopy / methods. Laparoscopy / standards
  • [MeSH-minor] Adult. Female. Humans. Infertility, Female / diagnosis. Reproducibility of Results

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  • HSDB. structure - INDIGO.
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  • [Copyright] Copyright © 2011 American Society for Reproductive Medicine. Published by Elsevier Inc. All rights reserved.
  • [CommentIn] Fertil Steril. 2011 Jun;95(7):e31; author reply e32 [21457966.001]
  • (PMID = 21227413.001).
  • [ISSN] 1556-5653
  • [Journal-full-title] Fertility and sterility
  • [ISO-abbreviation] Fertil. Steril.
  • [Language] eng
  • [Publication-type] Case Reports; Journal Article
  • [Publication-country] United States
  • [Chemical-registry-number] 0 / Coloring Agents; D3741U8K7L / Indigo Carmine
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45. Mandel DC, Beste T, Hope W: Hernia uterine inguinale: an uncommon cause of pelvic pain in the adult female patient. J Minim Invasive Gynecol; 2010 Nov-Dec;17(6):787-90
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  • [Source] The source of this record is MEDLINE®, a database of the U.S. National Library of Medicine.
  • [Title] Hernia uterine inguinale: an uncommon cause of pelvic pain in the adult female patient.
  • Hernia uterine inguinale is a rare condition often presenting within the first few years of life as an asymptomatic palpable mass in the inguinal/groin area.
  • This type of hernia contains uterine tissue and may contain oviducts, ovaries, and rarely the bladder.
  • We report a case of a woman with a history of pelvic pain, found to have a rudimentary uterine horn herniating through the internal inguinal ring.
  • Imaging revealed a solid 6- × 2-cm mass posterolateral to the ascending colon at the level of the pelvic brim in addition to absent right kidney and suspected unicornuate uterus.
  • Surgical findings revealed a right rudimentary uterine horn herniating through the internal inguinal ring, attached to an elongated ovary/and an oviduct tightly tethered to the pelvic side wall.
  • The result of pathologic study was consistent with rudimentary uterine horn, ovary with multiple cortical cysts, normal oviduct, and normal appendix.
  • Hernia uterine inguinale is a rare condition and an even more uncommon cause of pelvic pain, instead presenting as an asymptomatic palpable groin mass early in life.
  • It is most often seen in a phenotypically normal male infant having both testes and uterine tissue present.
  • Abdominal and pelvic imaging is useful in the diagnosis of this condition because it may aid in identifying patients with coexisting mullerian malformations.
  • This subset may be at higher risk for hernia uterine inguinale, and, if presenting with complaints of pain or inguinal mass, it should likewise be considered in the differential diagnosis.
  • [MeSH-major] Hernia, Inguinal / complications. Hernia, Inguinal / surgery. Pelvic Pain / etiology. Pelvic Pain / surgery. Uterus / surgery

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  • [Copyright] Copyright © 2010 AAGL. Published by Elsevier Inc. All rights reserved.
  • (PMID = 20955990.001).
  • [ISSN] 1553-4669
  • [Journal-full-title] Journal of minimally invasive gynecology
  • [ISO-abbreviation] J Minim Invasive Gynecol
  • [Language] eng
  • [Publication-type] Case Reports; Journal Article
  • [Publication-country] United States
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46. Jaslow CR, Kutteh WH: Effect of prior birth and miscarriage frequency on the prevalence of acquired and congenital uterine anomalies in women with recurrent miscarriage: a cross-sectional study. Fertil Steril; 2013 Jun;99(7):1916-22.e1
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  • [Source] The source of this record is MEDLINE®, a database of the U.S. National Library of Medicine.
  • [Title] Effect of prior birth and miscarriage frequency on the prevalence of acquired and congenital uterine anomalies in women with recurrent miscarriage: a cross-sectional study.
  • OBJECTIVE: To determine whether a prior live birth or an increase in number of miscarriages impacted the prevalence of congenital or acquired uterine anomalies in women with predominantly early recurrent miscarriage (RM).
  • MAIN OUTCOME MEASURE(S): Frequencies of congenital uterine anomalies (bicornuate, didelphic, septate, t-shaped, and unicornuate uteri) and acquired uterine anomalies (fibroids, polyps, and adhesions).
  • RESULT(S): A uterine anomaly was identified in 169 (19.3%) of the patients.
  • Patients with primary RM were more likely to have congenital anomalies than patients with secondary RM, particularly septa.
  • The occurrence of a prior live birth, however, did not influence the frequency of acquired uterine anomalies, which were detected in equal frequencies in patients with three or more miscarriages when compared with patients with only two miscarriages.
  • CONCLUSION(S): Although RM patients with a prior viable birth are less likely to have a uterine anomaly than those who have never given birth, our results support a recommendation for diagnostic imaging of the uterus after two losses in women with secondary RM as well as for those with primary RM.
  • [MeSH-major] Abortion, Habitual / epidemiology. Parity. Urogenital Abnormalities / epidemiology. Uterine Diseases / epidemiology. Uterus / abnormalities
  • [MeSH-minor] Adult. Chi-Square Distribution. Cross-Sectional Studies. Diagnostic Imaging / methods. Female. Humans. Leiomyoma / epidemiology. Live Birth. Middle Aged. Polyps / epidemiology. Predictive Value of Tests. Pregnancy. Prevalence. Retrospective Studies. Risk Assessment. Risk Factors. Tissue Adhesions. Uterine Neoplasms / epidemiology. Young Adult

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  • [Copyright] Copyright © 2013 American Society for Reproductive Medicine. Published by Elsevier Inc. All rights reserved.
  • (PMID = 23472945.001).
  • [ISSN] 1556-5653
  • [Journal-full-title] Fertility and sterility
  • [ISO-abbreviation] Fertil. Steril.
  • [Language] eng
  • [Publication-type] Comparative Study; Journal Article; Research Support, Non-U.S. Gov't
  • [Publication-country] United States
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47. Gaied F, Quiros-Calinoiu E, Emil S: Laparoscopic excision of a rudimentary uterine horn in a child. J Pediatr Surg; 2011 Feb;46(2):411-4
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  • [Source] The source of this record is MEDLINE®, a database of the U.S. National Library of Medicine.
  • [Title] Laparoscopic excision of a rudimentary uterine horn in a child.
  • Unicornuate uterus with a rudimentary horn is the rarest congenital anomaly of the female genital system.
  • This case report is an acute presentation of a cavitated, noncommunicating, rudimentary horn in a premenarcheal girl.
  • [MeSH-major] Laparoscopy / methods. Urogenital Abnormalities / surgery. Uterus / abnormalities. Uterus / surgery
  • [MeSH-minor] Adenosarcoma / surgery. Age Factors. Child. Female. Humans. Uterine Diseases / surgery. Uterine Neoplasms / surgery

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  • [Copyright] Copyright © 2011 Elsevier Inc. All rights reserved.
  • (PMID = 21292100.001).
  • [ISSN] 1531-5037
  • [Journal-full-title] Journal of pediatric surgery
  • [ISO-abbreviation] J. Pediatr. Surg.
  • [Language] eng
  • [Publication-type] Case Reports; Journal Article
  • [Publication-country] United States
  • [Chemical-registry-number] Adenosarcoma of the uterus
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48. Borah T, Das A, Panda S, Singh S: A case of unilateral dysmenorrhea. J Hum Reprod Sci; 2010 Sep;3(3):158-9
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  • [Source] The source of this record is MEDLINE®, a database of the U.S. National Library of Medicine.
  • Unilateral dysmenorrhea in an adolescent may be associated with uterine malformation.
  • Here, we present a case of unicornuate uterus with rudimentary horn in an adolescent complaining of unilateral dysmenorrhea.

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  • [Cites] J Midwifery Womens Health. 2004 Nov-Dec;49(6):520-8 [15544981.001]
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  • (PMID = 21234180.001).
  • [ISSN] 1998-4766
  • [Journal-full-title] Journal of human reproductive sciences
  • [ISO-abbreviation] J Hum Reprod Sci
  • [Language] eng
  • [Publication-type] Journal Article
  • [Publication-country] India
  • [Other-IDs] NLM/ PMC3017335
  • [Keywords] NOTNLM ; Rudimentary horn / unilateral dysmenorrhea / uterine malformation
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49. Devine K, McCluskey T, Henne M, Armstrong A, Venkatesan AM, Decherney A: Is magnetic resonance imaging sufficient to diagnose rudimentary uterine horn? A case report and review of the literature. J Minim Invasive Gynecol; 2013 Jul-Aug;20(4):533-6
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  • [Source] The source of this record is MEDLINE®, a database of the U.S. National Library of Medicine.
  • [Title] Is magnetic resonance imaging sufficient to diagnose rudimentary uterine horn? A case report and review of the literature.
  • Given the demonstrated accuracy of MRI in assessing müllerian anomalies, additional imaging is not often sought once an MRI diagnosis is made.
  • We describe the case of a 21-year-old woman with unilateral dysmenorrhea whose MRI features suggested a unicornuate uterus with a hematometrous noncommunicating horn although laparoscopy ultimately revealed a necrotic myoma without an accompanying müllerian anomaly.
  • [MeSH-major] Magnetic Resonance Imaging. Myoma / pathology. Uterine Neoplasms / pathology. Uterus / pathology
  • [MeSH-minor] Diagnosis, Differential. Dysmenorrhea / pathology. Dysmenorrhea / surgery. Female. Humans. Young Adult

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  • [Copyright] Published by Elsevier Inc.
  • [Cites] J Obstet Gynaecol Res. 2011 Mar;37(3):178-86 [21314802.001]
  • [Cites] Niger J Clin Pract. 2011 Jul-Sep;14(3):377-9 [22037089.001]
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  • (PMID = 23535077.001).
  • [ISSN] 1553-4669
  • [Journal-full-title] Journal of minimally invasive gynecology
  • [ISO-abbreviation] J Minim Invasive Gynecol
  • [Language] eng
  • [Grant] United States / Intramural NIH HHS / / Z99 HD999999
  • [Publication-type] Case Reports; Journal Article; Review
  • [Publication-country] United States
  • [Other-IDs] NLM/ NIHMS461465; NLM/ PMC3720688
  • [Keywords] NOTNLM ; Laparoscopy / Leiomyoma / Magnetic resonance imaging / Myomectomy / Müllerian anomaly / Unicornuate uterus
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50. Liatsikos SA, Grimbizis GF, Georgiou I, Papadopoulos N, Lazaros L, Bontis JN, Tarlatzis BC: HOX A10 and HOX A11 mutation scan in congenital malformations of the female genital tract. Reprod Biomed Online; 2010 Jul;21(1):126-32
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  • [Source] The source of this record is MEDLINE®, a database of the U.S. National Library of Medicine.
  • [Title] HOX A10 and HOX A11 mutation scan in congenital malformations of the female genital tract.
  • This case-control study examined if one or more mutations in the HOX A10 and HOX A11 genes are included in the pathogenesis of the female genital tract anomalies.
  • Blood samples were obtained from 30 women diagnosed with malformations of the genital tract (18 with septate uterus, three with bicornuate uterus, two with didelphys uterus, two with unicornuate uterus and five with aplasia/dysplasia) and 100 normal controls.
  • No subject showed a plausible causative mutation in HOX A10 or HOX A11; the sole variant observed (P38R) found in a patient with septate uterus was also present in her clinically normal mother.

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  • [Copyright] 2010 Reproductive Healthcare Ltd. Published by Elsevier Ltd. All rights reserved.
  • (PMID = 20457539.001).
  • [ISSN] 1472-6491
  • [Journal-full-title] Reproductive biomedicine online
  • [ISO-abbreviation] Reprod. Biomed. Online
  • [Language] eng
  • [Publication-type] Journal Article
  • [Publication-country] Netherlands
  • [Chemical-registry-number] 0 / HOXA11 protein, human; 0 / Homeodomain Proteins; 140441-81-2 / HOXA10 protein, human
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