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1. Biomedical articles (top 50; 2009 to 2014)
1. |||||..... 50%  Cooper IF, Siadaty MS: 'Congenital abnormalities' associated with 'Congenital Absence Of One Uterine Horn': Top Publications. BioMedLib Review; CongenitalAbnormality;CongenitalAbsenceOf:705716746. ISSN: 2331-5717. 2014/4/26
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  • [Title] 'Congenital abnormalities' associated with 'Congenital Absence Of One Uterine Horn': Top Publications.
  • Background: There are articles published each month which present 'congenital abnormality' for 'congenital absence of one uterine horn'.
  • However these articles are spread across thousands of journals, and there are many types of 'congenital abnormality'.
  • In group one there are publications with the strongest evidence of association. We focused finding the most relevant publications pertinent to our goal, rather than combining them into a conclusion section. Such textual synthesis will be the focus of our next project.
  • Results: Group one includes 52 publications, and group two 127 publications.
  • Durin L et al: [Laparoscopic hemi-hysterectomy for pseudo unicornuate uterus: apropos of 3 cases].
  • Cerekja A et al: Unicornuate uteri associated with contralateral renal agenesis and ovarian anomalies.
  • Khati NJ et al: The unicornuate uterus and its variants: clinical presentation, imaging findings, and associated complications.
  • Zapardiel I et al: Laparoscopic management of a cavitated noncommunicating rudimentary uterine horn of a unicornuate uterus: a case report.
  • Atmaca R et al: Acute abdomen in a case with noncommunicating rudimentary horn and unicornuate uterus.
  • Mavrelos D et al: Ultrasound diagnosis of ectopic pregnancy in the non-communicating horn of a unicornuate uterus (cornual pregnancy).
  • Ombelet W et al: Undescended ovary and unicornuate uterus: simplified diagnosis by the use of clomiphene citrate ovarian stimulation and magnetic resonance imaging (MRI).
  • Brown JA et al: Uterus unicornis in two mares.
  • Rousset N et al: Unilateral hydronephrosis and hydroureter secondary to ureteric atresia, and uterus unicornis in a young terrier.
  • Dalkalitsis N et al: Unicornuate uterus and uterus didelphys indications and techniques for surgical reconstruction: a review.

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  • [Copyright] Copyright 2014 Siadaty and Cooper; licensee BioMedLib LLC.
  • (UID = 705716746.001).
  • [ISSN] 2331-5717
  • [Journal-full-title] BioMedLib Review
  • [Language] eng
  • [Publication-type] Review
  • [Publication-country] UNITED STATES
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2. |||||..... 46%  Cooper IF, Siadaty MS: 'Steroids' associated with 'Congenital Absence Of One Uterine Horn': Top Publications. BioMedLib Review; Steroid;CongenitalAbsenceOf:705879675. ISSN: 2331-5717. 2014/5/2
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  • [Title] 'Steroids' associated with 'Congenital Absence Of One Uterine Horn': Top Publications.
  • Background: There are articles published each month which present 'steroid' for 'congenital absence of one uterine horn'.
  • In group one there are publications with the strongest evidence of association. We focused finding the most relevant publications pertinent to our goal, rather than combining them into a conclusion section. Such textual synthesis will be the focus of our next project.
  • Results: Group one includes 23 publications, and group two 196 publications.
  • Falcone T et al: Anatomical variation in the rudimentary horns of a unicornuate uterus: implications for laparoscopic surgery.
  • Mavrelos D et al: Ultrasound diagnosis of ectopic pregnancy in the non-communicating horn of a unicornuate uterus (cornual pregnancy).
  • Ombelet W et al: Undescended ovary and unicornuate uterus: simplified diagnosis by the use of clomiphene citrate ovarian stimulation and magnetic resonance imaging (MRI).
  • O'Shea JD et al: Normal duration of the oestrous cycle in ewes with congenital absence of one uterine horn.
  • Perez-Medina T et al: Advanced pregnancy loss in the rudimentary horn of an undiagnosed unicornuate uterus.
  • Fedele L et al: Ultrasound in the diagnosis of subclasses of unicornuate uterus.
  • Dimitrova V et al: [The echographic diagnosis of a rare congenital uterine anomaly (uterus unicornis with a rudimentary noncommunicating horn)].
  • Zydowicz-Mucha E et al: [The case of uterus unicornis with rudimentary horn in a 15-year-old girl].
  • Taori K et al: Sonographic diagnosis of uncomplicated first-trimester pregnancy in the rudimentary horn of a unicornuate uterus.
  • Chang CY et al: Hematometra of the rudimentary horn of a unicornuate uterus resulting from cesarean section.

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  • [Copyright] Copyright 2014 Siadaty and Cooper; licensee BioMedLib LLC.
  • (UID = 705879675.001).
  • [ISSN] 2331-5717
  • [Journal-full-title] BioMedLib Review
  • [Language] eng
  • [Publication-type] Review
  • [Publication-country] UNITED STATES
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3. |||||..... 46%  Cooper IF, Siadaty MS: 'Hormones' associated with 'Congenital Absence Of One Uterine Horn': Top Publications. BioMedLib Review; Hormone;CongenitalAbsenceOf:705836879. ISSN: 2331-5717. 2014/4/29
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  • [Title] 'Hormones' associated with 'Congenital Absence Of One Uterine Horn': Top Publications.
  • Background: There are articles published each month which present 'hormone' for 'congenital absence of one uterine horn'.
  • In group one there are publications with the strongest evidence of association. We focused finding the most relevant publications pertinent to our goal, rather than combining them into a conclusion section. Such textual synthesis will be the focus of our next project.
  • Results: Group one includes 23 publications, and group two 196 publications.
  • Falcone T et al: Anatomical variation in the rudimentary horns of a unicornuate uterus: implications for laparoscopic surgery.
  • Mavrelos D et al: Ultrasound diagnosis of ectopic pregnancy in the non-communicating horn of a unicornuate uterus (cornual pregnancy).
  • Ombelet W et al: Undescended ovary and unicornuate uterus: simplified diagnosis by the use of clomiphene citrate ovarian stimulation and magnetic resonance imaging (MRI).
  • O'Shea JD et al: Normal duration of the oestrous cycle in ewes with congenital absence of one uterine horn.
  • Perez-Medina T et al: Advanced pregnancy loss in the rudimentary horn of an undiagnosed unicornuate uterus.
  • Fedele L et al: Ovulation induction in the treatment of primary infertility associated with unicornuate uterus: report of five cases.
  • Fedele L et al: Ultrasound in the diagnosis of subclasses of unicornuate uterus.
  • Dimitrova V et al: [The echographic diagnosis of a rare congenital uterine anomaly (uterus unicornis with a rudimentary noncommunicating horn)].
  • Zydowicz-Mucha E et al: [The case of uterus unicornis with rudimentary horn in a 15-year-old girl].
  • Taori K et al: Sonographic diagnosis of uncomplicated first-trimester pregnancy in the rudimentary horn of a unicornuate uterus.

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  • [Copyright] Copyright 2014 Siadaty and Cooper; licensee BioMedLib LLC.
  • (UID = 705836879.001).
  • [ISSN] 2331-5717
  • [Journal-full-title] BioMedLib Review
  • [Language] eng
  • [Publication-type] Review
  • [Publication-country] UNITED STATES
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4. |......... 13%  Khati NJ, Frazier AA, Brindle KA: The unicornuate uterus and its variants: clinical presentation, imaging findings, and associated complications. J Ultrasound Med; 2012 Feb;31(2):319-31
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  • [Source] The source of this record is MEDLINE®, a database of the U.S. National Library of Medicine.
  • [Title] The unicornuate uterus and its variants: clinical presentation, imaging findings, and associated complications.
  • This article will describe the different variants of the unicornuate uterus, their clinical presentation and imaging findings, as well their associated complications.
  • Patients' symptoms and their imaging findings will vary depending on the unicornuate subtype.
  • Complications include obstetric ones related to the small uterine size and endometriosis and ectopic pregnancies when a cavitary rudimentary uterine horn is present.
  • Radiologists should be familiar with all variants of the unicornuate uterus as well as their clinical presentation and associated imaging findings.
  • [MeSH-major] Female Urogenital Diseases / diagnosis. Female Urogenital Diseases / etiology. Kidney / abnormalities. Pregnancy Complications / diagnosis. Pregnancy Complications / etiology. Uterus / abnormalities

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  • (PMID = 22298877.001).
  • [ISSN] 1550-9613
  • [Journal-full-title] Journal of ultrasound in medicine : official journal of the American Institute of Ultrasound in Medicine
  • [ISO-abbreviation] J Ultrasound Med
  • [Language] eng
  • [Publication-type] Journal Article; Review
  • [Publication-country] United States
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5. |......... 12%  Zapardiel I, Alvarez P, Perez-Medina T, Bajo-Arenas JM: Laparoscopic management of a cavitated noncommunicating rudimentary uterine horn of a unicornuate uterus: a case report. J Med Case Rep; 2010;4:215
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  • [Source] The source of this record is MEDLINE®, a database of the U.S. National Library of Medicine.
  • [Title] Laparoscopic management of a cavitated noncommunicating rudimentary uterine horn of a unicornuate uterus: a case report.
  • INTRODUCTION: A unicornuate uterus with a rudimentary horn is the most uncommon uterine anomaly of the female genital tract.
  • It has an estimated frequency of one in 100,000 among the fertile female population.
  • This anomaly results from the abnormal maturation of one Müllerian duct with the normal development of the contralateral one.
  • Imaging techniques revealed a unicornuate uterus with a rudimentary horn and a large hematosalpinx.
  • We performed a laparoscopic removal of this uterine anomaly without any complication in the postoperative period.

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  • [Cites] Hum Reprod. 1997 Feb;12(2):263-5 [9070707.001]
  • [Cites] Hum Reprod. 1999 Apr;14(4):931-3 [10221222.001]
  • [Cites] JSLS. 2005 Apr-Jun;9(2):235-7 [15984720.001]
  • [Cites] Fertil Steril. 2005 Feb;83(2):432-6 [15705386.001]
  • [Cites] Am J Obstet Gynecol. 2001 Nov;185(5):1263-4 [11717669.001]
  • (PMID = 20642813.001).
  • [ISSN] 1752-1947
  • [Journal-full-title] Journal of medical case reports
  • [ISO-abbreviation] J Med Case Rep
  • [Language] eng
  • [Publication-type] Journal Article
  • [Publication-country] England
  • [Other-IDs] NLM/ PMC2918627
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6. |......... 12%  Medeiros LR, Rosa DD, Silva FR, Silva BR, Rosa MI: Laparoscopic approach of a unicornuate uterus with noncommunicating rudimentary horns. ISRN Obstet Gynecol; 2011;2011:906138
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  • [Source] The source of this record is MEDLINE®, a database of the U.S. National Library of Medicine.
  • [Title] Laparoscopic approach of a unicornuate uterus with noncommunicating rudimentary horns.
  • Background. Müllerian duct malformations delineate a miscellaneous group of congenital anomalies that result from arrested development, abnormal formation, or incomplete fusion of the mesonephric ducts. Case.
  • This paper describes the diagnosis and management of a noncommunicating rudimentary horn complicated by severe pelvic pain and associated endometriosis.
  • Operative videolaparoscopy proved to be a successful approach for the treatment of this congenital Müllerian anomaly.

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  • [Cites] Hum Reprod. 1999 Aug;14(8):1965-8 [10438410.001]
  • [Cites] Fertil Steril. 1991 Dec;56(6):1192-3 [1743344.001]
  • [Cites] Int J Fertil. 1990 Sep-Oct;35(5):297-301 [1980666.001]
  • [Cites] Surg Laparosc Endosc. 1994 Apr;4(2):155-6 [8180771.001]
  • [Cites] Hum Reprod. 1997 Oct;12(10):2277-81 [9402295.001]
  • [Cites] Fertil Steril. 1979 Jul;32(1):40-6 [456629.001]
  • [Cites] Obstet Gynecol. 1978 May;51(5):559-62 [652203.001]
  • [Cites] Fertil Steril. 1988 Jun;49(6):944-55 [3371491.001]
  • [Cites] Obstet Gynecol. 1987 Mar;69(3 Pt 1):412-5 [3822289.001]
  • [Cites] Fertil Steril. 1985 May;43(5):681-92 [3888677.001]
  • [Cites] Hum Reprod. 1998 Sep;13(9):2643-4 [9806300.001]
  • (PMID = 21647229.001).
  • [ISSN] 2090-4444
  • [Journal-full-title] ISRN obstetrics and gynecology
  • [ISO-abbreviation] ISRN Obstet Gynecol
  • [Language] eng
  • [Publication-type] Journal Article
  • [Publication-country] Egypt
  • [Other-IDs] NLM/ PMC3101792
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7. ||........ 21%  Rousset N, Abbondati E, Posch B, Owen LJ, Herrtage M: Unilateral hydronephrosis and hydroureter secondary to ureteric atresia, and uterus unicornis in a young terrier. J Small Anim Pract; 2011 Aug;52(8):441-4
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  • [Source] The source of this record is MEDLINE®, a database of the U.S. National Library of Medicine.
  • [Title] Unilateral hydronephrosis and hydroureter secondary to ureteric atresia, and uterus unicornis in a young terrier.
  • A diagnosis of unilateral hydronephrosis was made following ultrasound examination and intravenous urography, but no cause was identified.
  • Uterus unicornis was also identified and ovariohysterectomy was performed.
  • [MeSH-major] Dog Diseases / diagnosis. Hydronephrosis / veterinary. Urinary Bladder Diseases / veterinary. Uterine Diseases / veterinary

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  • [Copyright] © 2011 British Small Animal Veterinary Association.
  • (PMID = 21797876.001).
  • [ISSN] 1748-5827
  • [Journal-full-title] The Journal of small animal practice
  • [ISO-abbreviation] J Small Anim Pract
  • [Language] eng
  • [Publication-type] Case Reports; Journal Article
  • [Publication-country] England
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8. ||........ 18%  Reichman D, Laufer MR, Robinson BK: Pregnancy outcomes in unicornuate uteri: a review. Fertil Steril; 2009 May;91(5):1886-94
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  • [Source] The source of this record is MEDLINE®, a database of the U.S. National Library of Medicine.
  • [Title] Pregnancy outcomes in unicornuate uteri: a review.
  • OBJECTIVE: To elucidate the impact of unicornuate uteri on pregnancy outcomes as evidenced by historical and contemporary studies.
  • DESIGN: Publications related to unicornuate uterus were identified through MEDLINE and other bibliographic databases.
  • PATIENT(S): Premenopausal women with confirmed unicornuate uterus based on surgical or radiological evidence who were undergoing gynecologic and obstetrical care.
  • RESULT(S): Our review revealed 20 studies of varying size and design that had commented on pregnancy outcomes in unicornuate uteri.
  • These studies ranged in date from 1953 to 2006 and from a sample size of one to 55 patients.
  • In total, we examined 290 women with unicornuate uterus reported in the literature.
  • Incidence data in the literature reveal that unicornuate uterus occurs in 1:4020 women in the general population; the anomaly, however, is significantly more common in infertile women, as in women with repeated poor outcomes.
  • CONCLUSION(S): Unicornuate uterus is a Mullerian anomaly with prognostic implications for poorer outcomes during pregnancy.
  • Although it is unclear whether interventions before conception or early in pregnancy such as resection of the rudimentary horn and prophylactic cervical cerclage decidedly improve obstetrical outcomes, current practice suggests that such interventions may be helpful.
  • [MeSH-major] Mullerian Ducts / abnormalities. Pregnancy Outcome. Uterus / abnormalities

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  • (PMID = 18439594.001).
  • [ISSN] 1556-5653
  • [Journal-full-title] Fertility and sterility
  • [ISO-abbreviation] Fertil. Steril.
  • [Language] eng
  • [Publication-type] Journal Article; Review
  • [Publication-country] United States
  • [Number-of-references] 44
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9. |......... 13%  Frontino G, Bianchi S, Ciappina N, Restelli E, Borruto F, Fedele L: The unicornuate uterus with an occult adenomyotic rudimentary horn. J Minim Invasive Gynecol; 2009 Sep-Oct;16(5):622-5
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  • [Source] The source of this record is MEDLINE®, a database of the U.S. National Library of Medicine.
  • [Title] The unicornuate uterus with an occult adenomyotic rudimentary horn.
  • We report 2 case of an atypical variant of unicornuate uterus in 2 adolescent patients with severe dysmenorrhea.
  • Pelvic ultrasonography and magnetic resonance imaging identified a normal uterine contour.
  • On the right side within the uterine fundus, a nodule was detected with a small hypoechogenic content.
  • At laparoscopy the uterus and adnexae appeared to be normal.
  • Hysteroscopy identified a single regular cervical canal and a uterine cavity resembling that of a left unicornuate uterus, with a single regular left tubal ostium.
  • Complete resection of the right uterine nodule along with an ipsilateral salpingectomy was performed.
  • Histologic study showed a cavitated adenomyotic uterine rudiment.
  • [MeSH-major] Endometriosis / diagnosis. Uterus / abnormalities

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  • (PMID = 19835807.001).
  • [ISSN] 1553-4650
  • [Journal-full-title] Journal of minimally invasive gynecology
  • [ISO-abbreviation] J Minim Invasive Gynecol
  • [Language] eng
  • [Publication-type] Case Reports; Journal Article
  • [Publication-country] United States
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10. |......... 13%  Sangwan N, Nanda S, Singhal S, Duhan N, Dahiya K: Puerperal uterine inversion associated with unicornuate uterus. Arch Gynecol Obstet; 2009 Oct;280(4):625-6
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  • [Source] The source of this record is MEDLINE®, a database of the U.S. National Library of Medicine.
  • [Title] Puerperal uterine inversion associated with unicornuate uterus.
  • Twenty-year-old para 1 presented with acute puerperal uterine inversion.
  • At laparotomy, inverted uterus was unicornuate, right kidney and ureter were absent.
  • [MeSH-major] Puerperal Disorders. Uterine Inversion. Uterus / abnormalities

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  • (PMID = 19198865.001).
  • [ISSN] 1432-0711
  • [Journal-full-title] Archives of gynecology and obstetrics
  • [ISO-abbreviation] Arch. Gynecol. Obstet.
  • [Language] eng
  • [Publication-type] Case Reports; Journal Article
  • [Publication-country] Germany
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11. |......... 13%  Perez-Medina T, García-Andrade C, Bajo-Arenas J: Advanced pregnancy loss in the rudimentary horn of an undiagnosed unicornuate uterus. J Obstet Gynaecol Res; 2009 Jun;35(3):572-3
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  • [Source] The source of this record is MEDLINE®, a database of the U.S. National Library of Medicine.
  • [Title] Advanced pregnancy loss in the rudimentary horn of an undiagnosed unicornuate uterus.
  • A case of advanced pregnancy loss in the rudimentary horn of a unicornuate uterus is presented herein.
  • The unknown uterine malformation and advanced pregnancy resulted in the condition being incorrectly diagnosed on ultrasound.
  • After a failed attempt at dilatation and curettage, a correct diagnosis was made and proper treatment was given during salvage laparotomy performed for arising complications (coagulopathy).
  • [MeSH-major] Fetal Death. Gestational Age. Uterus / abnormalities

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  • (PMID = 19527403.001).
  • [ISSN] 1341-8076
  • [Journal-full-title] The journal of obstetrics and gynaecology research
  • [ISO-abbreviation] J. Obstet. Gynaecol. Res.
  • [Language] eng
  • [Publication-type] Case Reports; Journal Article
  • [Publication-country] Japan
  • [Chemical-registry-number] 0 / Prostaglandins
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12. |......... 13%  van 't Hooft J, Rabotti C, Oei SG: Electrohysterographic evaluation of preterm contractions in a patient with a unicornuate uterus. Acta Obstet Gynecol Scand; 2013 Jun;92(6):730-3
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  • [Source] The source of this record is MEDLINE®, a database of the U.S. National Library of Medicine.
  • [Title] Electrohysterographic evaluation of preterm contractions in a patient with a unicornuate uterus.
  • A multiparous woman with a unicornuate uterus presented at 28 weeks of gestation with preterm contractions.
  • The parameters derived from the electrohysterogram such as conduction velocity and power density spectrum peak frequency are promising ones to follow the evolution of pregnancy towards labor, and to distinguish between productive and unproductive uterine contractions, in the case of a unicornuate uterus as well as one that is normally developed.
  • [MeSH-major] Electromyography. Obstetric Labor, Premature / diagnosis. Uterine Contraction / physiology. Uterus / abnormalities
  • [MeSH-minor] Adult. Female. Humans. Mullerian Ducts / abnormalities. Pregnancy. Uterine Monitoring / methods

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  • [Copyright] © 2013 The Authors Acta Obstetricia et Gynecologica Scandinavica © 2013 Nordic Federation of Societies of Obstetrics and Gynecology.
  • (PMID = 23488677.001).
  • [ISSN] 1600-0412
  • [Journal-full-title] Acta obstetricia et gynecologica Scandinavica
  • [ISO-abbreviation] Acta Obstet Gynecol Scand
  • [Language] eng
  • [Publication-type] Case Reports; Journal Article
  • [Publication-country] England
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13. |......... 12%  Rosenkrantz AB, Kopec M, Laks S: Pelvic cake kidney drained by a single ureter associated with unicornuate uterus. Urology; 2010 Jul;76(1):53-4
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  • [Source] The source of this record is MEDLINE®, a database of the U.S. National Library of Medicine.
  • [Title] Pelvic cake kidney drained by a single ureter associated with unicornuate uterus.
  • We present the first ever reported case of a pelvic cake kidney drained by a single ureter in association with a unicornuate uterus.
  • [MeSH-major] Abnormalities, Multiple. Kidney / abnormalities. Ureter / abnormalities. Uterus / abnormalities

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  • [Copyright] Copyright 2010 Elsevier Inc. All rights reserved.
  • (PMID = 20022090.001).
  • [ISSN] 1527-9995
  • [Journal-full-title] Urology
  • [ISO-abbreviation] Urology
  • [Language] eng
  • [Publication-type] Case Reports; Journal Article
  • [Publication-country] United States
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14. |......... 12%  Sugaya S: Twin pregnancy after in vitro fertilization in a woman with a unicornuate uterus. Clin Exp Obstet Gynecol; 2010;37(4):317-8
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  • [Source] The source of this record is MEDLINE®, a database of the U.S. National Library of Medicine.
  • [Title] Twin pregnancy after in vitro fertilization in a woman with a unicornuate uterus.
  • A unicornuate uterus is a rare congenital uterovaginal anomaly.
  • A unicornuate uterus is associated with infertility, cervical incompetence, and premature labor.
  • A case of a 32-year-old null gravid female with a unicornuate uterus who had wished to bear a child for five years is reported.
  • [MeSH-major] Fertilization in Vitro. Twins. Uterus / abnormalities

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  • (PMID = 21355466.001).
  • [ISSN] 0390-6663
  • [Journal-full-title] Clinical and experimental obstetrics & gynecology
  • [ISO-abbreviation] Clin Exp Obstet Gynecol
  • [Language] eng
  • [Publication-type] Case Reports; Journal Article
  • [Publication-country] Italy
  • [Chemical-registry-number] 0 / Tocolytic Agents
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15. |......... 12%  Uyar I, Gulhan I, Sipahi M, Hanhan HM, Ozeren M: Ectopic ovary confirmed by ovarian stimulation in a case of unicornuate uterus. Fertil Steril; 2011 Aug;96(2):e122-4
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  • [Source] The source of this record is MEDLINE®, a database of the U.S. National Library of Medicine.
  • [Title] Ectopic ovary confirmed by ovarian stimulation in a case of unicornuate uterus.
  • OBJECTIVE: To present a case of unicornuate uterus with ipsilateral ectopic ovary and renal agenesis.
  • unicornuate uterus without contralateral horn, with ipsilateral ectopic ovary and renal agenesis, was diagnosed.
  • MAIN OUTCOME MEASURE(S): During laparoscopy, a unicornuate uterus without a contralateral horn, together with ectopic ovary, was observed.
  • CONCLUSION(S): We present a rare clinical entity that exhibits a unicornuate uterus without a contralateral horn, with ipsilateral right ectopic ovary and renal agenesis together.
  • We conclude that ovarian stimulation is a useful approach in the diagnosis of ectopic ovaries.
  • [MeSH-major] Choristoma. Clomiphene / diagnostic use. Fertility Agents, Female / diagnostic use. Infertility, Female / etiology. Ovary. Ovulation Induction. Peritoneal Diseases / diagnosis. Uterus / abnormalities
  • [MeSH-minor] Adult. Congenital Abnormalities / diagnosis. Female. Humans. Kidney / abnormalities. Kidney Diseases / congenital. Laparoscopy. Predictive Value of Tests

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  • [Copyright] Copyright © 2011. Published by Elsevier Inc.
  • (PMID = 21640342.001).
  • [ISSN] 1556-5653
  • [Journal-full-title] Fertility and sterility
  • [ISO-abbreviation] Fertil. Steril.
  • [Language] eng
  • [Publication-type] Case Reports; Journal Article
  • [Publication-country] United States
  • [Chemical-registry-number] 0 / Fertility Agents, Female; 1HRS458QU2 / Clomiphene; Hereditary renal agenesis
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16. |......... 12%  Nunes N, Karandikar S, Cooper S, Jaganathan R, Irani S: VATER/VACTERL syndrome (vertebra/anus/cardiac/trachea/esophogus/radius/renal/limb anomalies) with a noncommunicating functioning uterine horn and a unicornuate uterus: a case report. Fertil Steril; 2009 May;91(5):1957.e11-2
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  • [Source] The source of this record is MEDLINE®, a database of the U.S. National Library of Medicine.
  • [Title] VATER/VACTERL syndrome (vertebra/anus/cardiac/trachea/esophogus/radius/renal/limb anomalies) with a noncommunicating functioning uterine horn and a unicornuate uterus: a case report.
  • OBJECTIVE: To describe the presentation and outcome of a patient with an unusual association of VATER/VACTERL syndrome (vertebra/anus/cardiac/trachea/esophogus/radius/renal/limb) and noncommunicating functioning uterine horn and a unicornuate uterus.
  • MATERIALS AND METHOD(S): A patient known to have VATER/VACTERL syndrome was diagnosed with a hematometra of a noncommunicating uterine horn and hematosalpinx.
  • She underwent multidisciplinary surgery to remove the functioning uterine horn, after which she had a full recovery.
  • CONCLUSION(S): This case documents the association of VATER/VACTERL syndrome with a unicornuate uterus and noncommunicating horn.
  • [MeSH-major] Abnormalities, Multiple / pathology. Uterus / abnormalities
  • [MeSH-minor] Adult. Anal Canal / abnormalities. Esophagus / abnormalities. Female. Heart Defects, Congenital / pathology. Humans. Kidney / abnormalities. Limb Deformities, Congenital / pathology. Spine / abnormalities. Syndrome. Trachea / abnormalities

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  • (PMID = 19296933.001).
  • [ISSN] 1556-5653
  • [Journal-full-title] Fertility and sterility
  • [ISO-abbreviation] Fertil. Steril.
  • [Language] eng
  • [Publication-type] Case Reports; Journal Article
  • [Publication-country] United States
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17. |......... 12%  Alvir I, Puljiz M, Tomica D, Danolić D, Mamić I, Toth T: An incidental finding of unicornuate uterus with unilateral ovarian agenesis during laparoscopy in patient who gave birth to eleven children: a case report. Coll Antropol; 2013 Mar;37(1):289-91
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  • [Source] The source of this record is MEDLINE®, a database of the U.S. National Library of Medicine.
  • [Title] An incidental finding of unicornuate uterus with unilateral ovarian agenesis during laparoscopy in patient who gave birth to eleven children: a case report.
  • Congenital uterine anomalies are often asymptomatic.
  • We report the case of a 38-year old patient with unicornuate uterus without rudimentary horn and with unilateral left ovarian agenesis and unilateral left renal agenesis who gave birth to eleven children.
  • [MeSH-major] Laparoscopy / methods. Ovary / abnormalities. Uterus / abnormalities
  • [MeSH-minor] Adult. Female. Gonadal Dysgenesis / diagnosis. Humans. Incidental Findings. Kidney / abnormalities

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  • (PMID = 23697286.001).
  • [ISSN] 0350-6134
  • [Journal-full-title] Collegium antropologicum
  • [ISO-abbreviation] Coll Antropol
  • [Language] eng
  • [Publication-type] Case Reports; Journal Article
  • [Publication-country] Croatia
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18. |......... 12%  Nanda S, Dahiya K, Sharma N, Aggarwal D, Sighal SR, Sangwan N: Successful twin pregnancy in a unicornuate uterus with one fetus in the non-communicating rudimentary horn. Arch Gynecol Obstet; 2009 Dec;280(6):993-5
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  • [Source] The source of this record is MEDLINE®, a database of the U.S. National Library of Medicine.
  • [Title] Successful twin pregnancy in a unicornuate uterus with one fetus in the non-communicating rudimentary horn.
  • Rudimentary horn is a rare anomaly and results from arrested development of the mullerian ducts.
  • We report a case of twin pregnancy in a unicornuate uterus with a non-communicating rudimentary horn, in which two siblings each in separate horn were delivered successfully by caesarean section.
  • [MeSH-major] Pregnancy, Ectopic. Pregnancy, Multiple. Uterus / abnormalities

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  • (PMID = 19301025.001).
  • [ISSN] 1432-0711
  • [Journal-full-title] Archives of gynecology and obstetrics
  • [ISO-abbreviation] Arch. Gynecol. Obstet.
  • [Language] eng
  • [Publication-type] Case Reports; Journal Article
  • [Publication-country] Germany
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19. |......... 12%  Jessel RH, Laufer MR: Management of lower vaginal agenesis in a patient with unicornuate uterus. J Pediatr Adolesc Gynecol; 2013 Feb;26(1):e21-3
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  • [Source] The source of this record is MEDLINE®, a database of the U.S. National Library of Medicine.
  • [Title] Management of lower vaginal agenesis in a patient with unicornuate uterus.
  • BACKGROUND: Absence of the lower vagina occurs from abnormal development of the sinovaginal bulbs and vaginal plate.
  • Given prior urologic and rectal surgery, and laterality of unicornuate system, intra-operative ultrasonography (US) was performed.
  • In a unicornuate system, the use of intra-operative US is helpful to determine the appropriate angle of dissection.
  • [MeSH-major] Heart Defects, Congenital / complications. Hematocolpos / etiology. Limb Deformities, Congenital / complications. Reconstructive Surgical Procedures / methods. Uterus / abnormalities. Vagina / abnormalities. Vaginal Diseases / etiology

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  • [Copyright] Copyright © 2013 North American Society for Pediatric and Adolescent Gynecology. Published by Elsevier Inc. All rights reserved.
  • (PMID = 23332200.001).
  • [ISSN] 1873-4332
  • [Journal-full-title] Journal of pediatric and adolescent gynecology
  • [ISO-abbreviation] J Pediatr Adolesc Gynecol
  • [Language] eng
  • [Publication-type] Case Reports; Journal Article
  • [Publication-country] United States
  • [Chemical-registry-number] VACTERL association
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20. |......... 12%  Cho MK, Kim CH, Oh ST: Endometriosis in a patient with Rokitansky-Kuster-Hauser syndrome. J Obstet Gynaecol Res; 2009 Oct;35(5):994-6
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  • [Source] The source of this record is MEDLINE®, a database of the U.S. National Library of Medicine.
  • Endometriosis in Rokitansky-Kuster-Hauser syndrome has been reported only once previously.
  • Laparoscopic inspection revealed no uterus.
  • If endometrioma in a patient with Rokitansky-Kuster-Hauser syndrome is associated with a small rudimentary unicornis uterus with a small endometrial cavity, endometriosis can be assumed to have developed by retrograde menstruation theory.
  • Because the patient did not have a functioning endometrium, her endometrioma is assumed to have arisen from coelomic metaplasia.
  • [MeSH-minor] Adult. Female. Humans. Mullerian Ducts / abnormalities. Pelvic Pain / etiology. Pelvic Pain / surgery. Treatment Outcome. Uterus / abnormalities. Uterus / surgery. Vagina / abnormalities


21. |......... 12%  Spitzer RF, Kives S, Allen LM: Case series of laparoscopically resected noncommunicating functional uterine horns. J Pediatr Adolesc Gynecol; 2009 Feb;22(1):e23-8
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  • [Source] The source of this record is MEDLINE®, a database of the U.S. National Library of Medicine.
  • [Title] Case series of laparoscopically resected noncommunicating functional uterine horns.
  • BACKGROUND: Unicornuate uteri occur in 1 in 5400; 74-90% are associated with a rudimentary horn.
  • If the noncommunicating horn contains functional endometrium, it often requires surgical resection.
  • There are fewer than 35 published cases describing laparoscopic resection of uterine horns.
  • This series reviews the preoperative assessment, operative management, and postoperative imaging of the laparoscopic management of 5 functional noncommunicating uterine horns.
  • The diagnosis in all cases was unicornuate uterus with functional, noncommunicating uterine horn.
  • [MeSH-major] Laparoscopy / methods. Uterus / abnormalities. Uterus / surgery

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  • (PMID = 19232291.001).
  • [ISSN] 1873-4332
  • [Journal-full-title] Journal of pediatric and adolescent gynecology
  • [ISO-abbreviation] J Pediatr Adolesc Gynecol
  • [Language] eng
  • [Publication-type] Journal Article
  • [Publication-country] United States
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22. |......... 12%  Hua M, Odibo AO, Longman RE, Macones GA, Roehl KA, Cahill AG: Congenital uterine anomalies and adverse pregnancy outcomes. Am J Obstet Gynecol; 2011 Dec;205(6):558.e1-5
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  • [Source] The source of this record is MEDLINE®, a database of the U.S. National Library of Medicine.
  • [Title] Congenital uterine anomalies and adverse pregnancy outcomes.
  • OBJECTIVE: We sought to estimate whether the presence of a maternal uterine anomaly is associated with adverse pregnancy outcomes.
  • Pregnancies with a diagnosis of uterine anomaly (uterine septum, unicornuate uterus, bicornuate uterus, uterine didelphys) were compared to those with normal anatomy.
  • CONCLUSION: Women with a uterine anomaly are at risk for PTB, highlighting an at-risk population that needs additional study for possible interventions for PTB prevention.
  • [MeSH-major] Fetal Membranes, Premature Rupture. Pregnancy Outcome / epidemiology. Uterine Diseases. Uterus / abnormalities. Uterus / ultrasonography

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  • [Copyright] Copyright © 2011 Mosby, Inc. All rights reserved.
  • [CommentIn] Am J Obstet Gynecol. 2012 Oct;207(4):e8; author reply e8-9 [22727218.001]
  • (PMID = 21907963.001).
  • [ISSN] 1097-6868
  • [Journal-full-title] American journal of obstetrics and gynecology
  • [ISO-abbreviation] Am. J. Obstet. Gynecol.
  • [Language] eng
  • [Publication-type] Journal Article
  • [Publication-country] United States
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23. |......... 12%  El Saman AM, Abo Elhassan AM, Tawfik RM, Saadeldeen H: An adolescent affliction: nephrectomy and persistent severe pains due to misdiagnosed non-communicating "retroperitoneal" uterine horn. J Pediatr Adolesc Gynecol; 2012 Jun;25(3):e57-9
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  • [Source] The source of this record is MEDLINE®, a database of the U.S. National Library of Medicine.
  • [Title] An adolescent affliction: nephrectomy and persistent severe pains due to misdiagnosed non-communicating "retroperitoneal" uterine horn.
  • STUDY OBJECTIVE: To report the existence and management of retroperitoneal functioning uterine horn in a case with unicornuate uterus and to emphasis the significance of its misdiagnosis.
  • INTERVENTIONS: Extraperitoneal resection of the obstructed uterine horn.
  • Laparoscopy showed unicornuate uterus with only the left horn was being visualized.
  • Excision of the horn was done totally extraperitoneal without puncturing its covering parietal peritoneum within 65 min.
  • CONCLUSIONS: The present report is the first to describe the existence of a retroperitoneal functioning uterine horn with description of a successful extraperitoneal approach for its excision.
  • [MeSH-major] Diagnostic Errors. Dysmenorrhea / etiology. Kidney Diseases / diagnosis. Nephrectomy. Urogenital Abnormalities / diagnosis. Uterus / abnormalities

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  • [Copyright] Copyright © 2012 North American Society for Pediatric and Adolescent Gynecology. Published by Elsevier Inc. All rights reserved.
  • (PMID = 22206684.001).
  • [ISSN] 1873-4332
  • [Journal-full-title] Journal of pediatric and adolescent gynecology
  • [ISO-abbreviation] J Pediatr Adolesc Gynecol
  • [Language] eng
  • [Publication-type] Case Reports; Journal Article
  • [Publication-country] United States
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24. |......... 12%  Erman-Akar M, Ozkan O, Ozkan O, Yucel S, Dolay K, Ertugrul F, Bektas G: Uterine preservation and vaginal reconstruction in a patient with congenital vaginal agenesis presenting with cyclic menouria. J Minim Invasive Gynecol; 2011 Sep-Oct;18(5):682-5
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  • [Source] The source of this record is MEDLINE®, a database of the U.S. National Library of Medicine.
  • [Title] Uterine preservation and vaginal reconstruction in a patient with congenital vaginal agenesis presenting with cyclic menouria.
  • Abdominopelvic magnetic resonance imaging demonstrated a remnant upper vagina and unicornuate uterus filled with fluid, and left-sided renal agenesis.
  • Intraoperatively, a congenital vesicouterine fistulous tract was observed.
  • The proximal part of the neovagina was connected to the remnant cervix, and a Foley catheter was left in the uterine cavity for 7 days to prevent obstruction.
  • Menouria might be an early sign of congenital vesicouterine fistula.
  • Resection of the fistulous tract with uterine preservation might be considered in patients with vaginal agenesis.
  • [MeSH-minor] Female. Humans. Treatment Outcome. Uterus / abnormalities. Young Adult

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  • [Copyright] Copyright © 2011 AAGL. Published by Elsevier Inc. All rights reserved.
  • (PMID = 21872177.001).
  • [ISSN] 1553-4669
  • [Journal-full-title] Journal of minimally invasive gynecology
  • [ISO-abbreviation] J Minim Invasive Gynecol
  • [Language] eng
  • [Publication-type] Case Reports; Journal Article
  • [Publication-country] United States
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25. |......... 12%  Rauh-Hain JA, Laufer MR: Increased diagnostic accuracy of laparoscopy in endometriosis using indigo carmine: a new technique. Fertil Steril; 2011 Mar 1;95(3):1113-4
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  • [Source] The source of this record is MEDLINE®, a database of the U.S. National Library of Medicine.
  • PATIENT(S): Twenty-nine-year-old nulligravid woman with a history of endometriosis and left unicornuate uterus with an absent right horn with a present right ovary and distal fallopian tube with recurrence of disease.
  • CONCLUSION(S): Tissue staining demonstrated lesions of endometriosis that were more easily identified; therefore, this technique could provide a special and unique approach to a more accurate diagnosis of endometriosis.
  • [MeSH-major] Coloring Agents / diagnostic use. Endometriosis / diagnosis. Indigo Carmine / diagnostic use. Laparoscopy / methods. Laparoscopy / standards
  • [MeSH-minor] Adult. Female. Humans. Infertility, Female / diagnosis. Reproducibility of Results

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  • HSDB. structure - INDIGO.
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  • [Copyright] Copyright © 2011 American Society for Reproductive Medicine. Published by Elsevier Inc. All rights reserved.
  • [CommentIn] Fertil Steril. 2011 Jun;95(7):e31; author reply e32 [21457966.001]
  • (PMID = 21227413.001).
  • [ISSN] 1556-5653
  • [Journal-full-title] Fertility and sterility
  • [ISO-abbreviation] Fertil. Steril.
  • [Language] eng
  • [Publication-type] Case Reports; Journal Article
  • [Publication-country] United States
  • [Chemical-registry-number] 0 / Coloring Agents; D3741U8K7L / Indigo Carmine
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26. |......... 12%  Kamio M, Nagata T, Yamasaki H, Yoshinaga M, Douchi T: Inguinal hernia containing functioning, rudimentary uterine horn and endometriosis. Obstet Gynecol; 2009 Feb;113(2 Pt 2):563-6
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  • [Source] The source of this record is MEDLINE®, a database of the U.S. National Library of Medicine.
  • [Title] Inguinal hernia containing functioning, rudimentary uterine horn and endometriosis.
  • BACKGROUND: Inguinal hernia containing uterus and endometriosis is exceedingly rare.
  • We report a case of a patient with inguinal hernia containing rudimentary uterine horn and endometriosis.
  • Based on the findings of magnetic resonance imaging, a history of inguinal endometriosis, and the occurrence of inguinal pain during menstruation, she was diagnosed as having incarcerated inguinal hernia containing anomalous uterus and endometriosis.
  • A functioning, noncommunicating, rudimentary uterine horn and endometriosis were surgically removed from the hernia sac.
  • Laparoscopy demonstrated intraabdominal unicornuate uterus, but no pelvic endometriosis.
  • CONCLUSION: Functioning, incarcerated hernia uterus inguinale may be associated with müllerian abnormality and concomitant occurrence of inguinal endometriosis.
  • [MeSH-major] Endometriosis / pathology. Groin / abnormalities. Hernia, Inguinal / pathology. Uterus / abnormalities

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  • (PMID = 19155958.001).
  • [ISSN] 0029-7844
  • [Journal-full-title] Obstetrics and gynecology
  • [ISO-abbreviation] Obstet Gynecol
  • [Language] eng
  • [Publication-type] Case Reports; Journal Article; Review
  • [Publication-country] United States
  • [Number-of-references] 11
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27. |......... 12%  Obrzut B, Naróg M, Obrzut M, Semczuk A, Pierzyński P, Kuczyński W, Skret A: Ectopic pregnancy confirming the transperitoneal transport of gametes/embryos--a case report. Ginekol Pol; 2010 May;81(5):386-8
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  • [Source] The source of this record is MEDLINE®, a database of the U.S. National Library of Medicine.
  • To present a rare case of spontaneous ectopic pregnancy in a non-communicating heterotopic fallopian tube associated with unicornuate uterus without a rudimentary horn.
  • [MeSH-minor] Adult. Female. Humans. Pregnancy. Pregnancy Trimester, First. Treatment Outcome. Ultrasonography, Prenatal. Uterus / abnormalities. Uterus / ultrasonography

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  • (PMID = 20568522.001).
  • [ISSN] 0017-0011
  • [Journal-full-title] Ginekologia polska
  • [ISO-abbreviation] Ginekol. Pol.
  • [Language] eng
  • [Publication-type] Case Reports; Journal Article
  • [Publication-country] Poland
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28. |......... 12%  Liatsikos SA, Grimbizis GF, Georgiou I, Papadopoulos N, Lazaros L, Bontis JN, Tarlatzis BC: HOX A10 and HOX A11 mutation scan in congenital malformations of the female genital tract. Reprod Biomed Online; 2010 Jul;21(1):126-32
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  • [Source] The source of this record is MEDLINE®, a database of the U.S. National Library of Medicine.
  • [Title] HOX A10 and HOX A11 mutation scan in congenital malformations of the female genital tract.
  • This case-control study examined if one or more mutations in the HOX A10 and HOX A11 genes are included in the pathogenesis of the female genital tract anomalies.
  • Blood samples were obtained from 30 women diagnosed with malformations of the genital tract (18 with septate uterus, three with bicornuate uterus, two with didelphys uterus, two with unicornuate uterus and five with aplasia/dysplasia) and 100 normal controls.
  • No subject showed a plausible causative mutation in HOX A10 or HOX A11; the sole variant observed (P38R) found in a patient with septate uterus was also present in her clinically normal mother.

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  • [Copyright] 2010 Reproductive Healthcare Ltd. Published by Elsevier Ltd. All rights reserved.
  • (PMID = 20457539.001).
  • [ISSN] 1472-6491
  • [Journal-full-title] Reproductive biomedicine online
  • [ISO-abbreviation] Reprod. Biomed. Online
  • [Language] eng
  • [Publication-type] Journal Article
  • [Publication-country] Netherlands
  • [Chemical-registry-number] 0 / HOXA11 protein, human; 0 / Homeodomain Proteins; 140441-81-2 / HOXA10 protein, human
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29. |......... 12%  Tanaka Y, Koyama S, Kobayashi M, Kubota S, Nakamura R, Isobe M, Shiki Y: Complex Müllerian malformation without any present classification: unilateral ovarian and tubal absence with an arcuate uterus. Asian J Endosc Surg; 2013 Feb;6(1):55-7
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  • [Source] The source of this record is MEDLINE®, a database of the U.S. National Library of Medicine.
  • [Title] Complex Müllerian malformation without any present classification: unilateral ovarian and tubal absence with an arcuate uterus.
  • Herein, we report a rare case of Müllerian duct anomaly, unilateral ovarian and tubal absence with an arcuate uterus.
  • The failure of the Müllerian ducts to canalize can also lead to the development of a unicornuate uterus and adnexal agenesis.
  • An arcuate uterus indicates incomplete septal absorption after normal fusion of the Müllerian ducts.
  • Therefore, its coexistence with adnexal absence and an arcuate uterus is considered to be extremely unlikely.
  • [MeSH-major] Abnormalities, Multiple / classification. Fallopian Tubes / abnormalities. Mullerian Ducts / abnormalities. Ovary / abnormalities. Uterus / abnormalities

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  • [Copyright] © 2013 Japan Society for Endoscopic Surgery, Asia Endosurgery Task Force and Wiley Publishing Asia Pty Ltd.
  • (PMID = 23347709.001).
  • [ISSN] 1758-5910
  • [Journal-full-title] Asian journal of endoscopic surgery
  • [ISO-abbreviation] Asian J Endosc Surg
  • [Language] eng
  • [Publication-type] Case Reports; Journal Article
  • [Publication-country] Japan
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30. |......... 12%  Moyle PL, Kataoka MY, Nakai A, Takahata A, Reinhold C, Sala E: Nonovarian cystic lesions of the pelvis. Radiographics; 2010 Jul-Aug;30(4):921-38
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  • [Source] The source of this record is MEDLINE®, a database of the U.S. National Library of Medicine.
  • Mimics of ovarian cystic masses include peritoneal inclusion cyst, paraovarian cyst, mucocele of the appendix, obstructed fallopian tube (eg, hydrosalpinx, pyosalpinx, and hematosalpinx), uterine leiomyoma, adenomyosis, spinal meningeal cyst, unicornuate uterus, lymphocele, cystic degeneration of lymph nodes, lymphangioleiomyomatosis, hematoma, and abscess.
  • [MeSH-major] Cysts / diagnosis. Pelvic Inflammatory Disease / diagnosis
  • [MeSH-minor] Adult. Aged. Female. Humans. Middle Aged. Ovarian Cysts / diagnosis

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  • (PMID = 20631360.001).
  • [ISSN] 1527-1323
  • [Journal-full-title] Radiographics : a review publication of the Radiological Society of North America, Inc
  • [ISO-abbreviation] Radiographics
  • [Language] eng
  • [Publication-type] Journal Article
  • [Publication-country] United States
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31. |......... 12%  Jaslow CR, Kutteh WH: Effect of prior birth and miscarriage frequency on the prevalence of acquired and congenital uterine anomalies in women with recurrent miscarriage: a cross-sectional study. Fertil Steril; 2013 Jun;99(7):1916-22.e1
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  • [Source] The source of this record is MEDLINE®, a database of the U.S. National Library of Medicine.
  • [Title] Effect of prior birth and miscarriage frequency on the prevalence of acquired and congenital uterine anomalies in women with recurrent miscarriage: a cross-sectional study.
  • OBJECTIVE: To determine whether a prior live birth or an increase in number of miscarriages impacted the prevalence of congenital or acquired uterine anomalies in women with predominantly early recurrent miscarriage (RM).
  • MAIN OUTCOME MEASURE(S): Frequencies of congenital uterine anomalies (bicornuate, didelphic, septate, t-shaped, and unicornuate uteri) and acquired uterine anomalies (fibroids, polyps, and adhesions).
  • RESULT(S): A uterine anomaly was identified in 169 (19.3%) of the patients.
  • Patients with primary RM were more likely to have congenital anomalies than patients with secondary RM, particularly septa.
  • The occurrence of a prior live birth, however, did not influence the frequency of acquired uterine anomalies, which were detected in equal frequencies in patients with three or more miscarriages when compared with patients with only two miscarriages.
  • CONCLUSION(S): Although RM patients with a prior viable birth are less likely to have a uterine anomaly than those who have never given birth, our results support a recommendation for diagnostic imaging of the uterus after two losses in women with secondary RM as well as for those with primary RM.
  • [MeSH-major] Abortion, Habitual / epidemiology. Parity. Urogenital Abnormalities / epidemiology. Uterine Diseases / epidemiology. Uterus / abnormalities
  • [MeSH-minor] Adult. Chi-Square Distribution. Cross-Sectional Studies. Diagnostic Imaging / methods. Female. Humans. Leiomyoma / epidemiology. Live Birth. Middle Aged. Polyps / epidemiology. Predictive Value of Tests. Pregnancy. Prevalence. Retrospective Studies. Risk Assessment. Risk Factors. Tissue Adhesions. Uterine Neoplasms / epidemiology. Young Adult

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  • [Copyright] Copyright © 2013 American Society for Reproductive Medicine. Published by Elsevier Inc. All rights reserved.
  • (PMID = 23472945.001).
  • [ISSN] 1556-5653
  • [Journal-full-title] Fertility and sterility
  • [ISO-abbreviation] Fertil. Steril.
  • [Language] eng
  • [Publication-type] Comparative Study; Journal Article; Research Support, Non-U.S. Gov't
  • [Publication-country] United States
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32. |......... 12%  Acién P, Acién M: Unilateral renal agenesis and female genital tract pathologies. Acta Obstet Gynecol Scand; 2010 Nov;89(11):1424-31
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  • [Source] The source of this record is MEDLINE®, a database of the U.S. National Library of Medicine.
  • OBJECTIVES: To analyze the gynecological pathologies and extragenital anomalies associated with unilateral renal agenesis (URA) and the possible origin of these congenital anomalies.
  • METHODS: There were 60 cases of women diagnosed with genital malformations and congenital URA and 216 control cases of women with genital tract malformations and both kidneys present.
  • RESULTS: URA was generally associated with either agenesis of all of the derivatives of the urogenital ridge on the same side of the body, which were usually found on the left, or distal mesonephric anomalies such as a double uterus with a blind hemivagina or unilateral cervico-vaginal atresia, which were most frequently on the right.
  • The uterine malformations that were most commonly seen in women with renal agenesis were bicornis-bicollis, didelphys and unicornuate uteri.
  • Women with bicornuate or didelphys uteri and renal agenesis had more gynecological pathologies, such as endometriosis, than those with both kidneys present.
  • CONCLUSIONS: URA and major uterine malformations are frequently related, and individuals with bicornuate or didelphys uteri have endometriosis more often than those without renal agenesis.
  • Those malformations that seem to be caused by the absence or anomaly of a mesonephric duct lead to renal agenesis, ipsilateral vaginal anomalies (blind or atretic hemivagina) and failure of the induction function of the Wolffian ducts on the Müllerian ducts, causing uterine malformations.

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  • (PMID = 20799917.001).
  • [ISSN] 1600-0412
  • [Journal-full-title] Acta obstetricia et gynecologica Scandinavica
  • [ISO-abbreviation] Acta Obstet Gynecol Scand
  • [Language] eng
  • [Publication-type] Journal Article
  • [Publication-country] England
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33. |......... 12%  Basak S, MacDougal J, Prentice A: A diagnostic dilemma: functioning noncommunicating uterine horn and elevated levels of CA125. J Pediatr Adolesc Gynecol; 2009 Oct;22(5):e127-9
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  • [Source] The source of this record is MEDLINE®, a database of the U.S. National Library of Medicine.
  • [Title] A diagnostic dilemma: functioning noncommunicating uterine horn and elevated levels of CA125.
  • Here we discuss the diagnostic difficulty incurred in a case of unicornuate uterus with functioning noncommunicating horn having a high level of cancer antigen 125 as a presenting feature.
  • CASE: Unicornuate uterus with raised serum CA125.
  • CONCLUSIONS: Mullerian duct anomaly can be a differential diagnosis in women with adnexal mass and elevated CA125.
  • [MeSH-major] CA-125 Antigen / blood. Mullerian Ducts / abnormalities. Uterus / abnormalities

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  • (PMID = 19576812.001).
  • [ISSN] 1873-4332
  • [Journal-full-title] Journal of pediatric and adolescent gynecology
  • [ISO-abbreviation] J Pediatr Adolesc Gynecol
  • [Language] eng
  • [Publication-type] Case Reports; Journal Article
  • [Publication-country] United States
  • [Chemical-registry-number] 0 / CA-125 Antigen
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34. |......... 12%  Liatsikos SA, Tsikouras P, Souftas V, Ammari A, Prassopoulos P, Maroulis G, Liberis V: Diagnosis and laparoscopic management of a rudimentary uterine horn in a teenage girl, presenting with haematometra and severe endometriosis: our experience and review of literature. Minim Invasive Ther Allied Technol; 2010 Aug;19(4):241-7
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  • [Source] The source of this record is MEDLINE®, a database of the U.S. National Library of Medicine.
  • [Title] Diagnosis and laparoscopic management of a rudimentary uterine horn in a teenage girl, presenting with haematometra and severe endometriosis: our experience and review of literature.
  • A unicornuate uterus is a rare congenital malformation of the female genital tract, which appears in about 1/1000 women and is characterized by significant anatomic variability.
  • In the most common type, a noncommunicating rudimentary horn coexists with the unicornuate uterus.
  • The diagnosis of this anomaly is usually delayed, as it remains asymptomatic until adolescence and its initial symptoms are atypical.
  • We report a case of a teenage girl presenting with dysmenorrhoea, endometriosis and haematometra secondary to a noncommunicating rudimentary horn.
  • The diagnosis of the anomaly was based on magnetic resonance imaging (MRI) and laparoscopy.
  • The excision of the symptomatic rudimentary horn and the ipsilateral fallopian tube was also performed laparoscopically.
  • A review of the literature follows, focusing mainly on the diagnosis and laparoscopic management of a unicornuate uterus and its complications in adolescence.
  • Laparoscopy is an accurate diagnostic tool, which also carries significant advantages in effective surgical management of congenital uterine anomalies, especially in young women.
  • [MeSH-major] Endometriosis / surgery. Hematometra / surgery. Uterus / abnormalities
  • [MeSH-minor] Adolescent. Amenorrhea / etiology. Amenorrhea / surgery. Female. Humans. Magnetic Resonance Imaging. Uterine Diseases / complications. Uterine Diseases / diagnosis. Uterine Diseases / surgery

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  • (PMID = 20367539.001).
  • [ISSN] 1365-2931
  • [Journal-full-title] Minimally invasive therapy & allied technologies : MITAT : official journal of the Society for Minimally Invasive Therapy
  • [ISO-abbreviation] Minim Invasive Ther Allied Technol
  • [Language] eng
  • [Publication-type] Case Reports; Journal Article; Review
  • [Publication-country] England
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35. |......... 12%  McIntyre RL, Levy JK, Roberts JF, Reep RL: Developmental uterine anomalies in cats and dogs undergoing elective ovariohysterectomy. J Am Vet Med Assoc; 2010 Sep 1;237(5):542-6
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  • [Source] The source of this record is MEDLINE®, a database of the U.S. National Library of Medicine.
  • [Title] Developmental uterine anomalies in cats and dogs undergoing elective ovariohysterectomy.
  • OBJECTIVE: To describe the characteristics and frequency of gross uterine anomalies in cats and dogs undergoing elective ovariohysterectomy.
  • RESULTS: Suspected congenital anomalies of the uterus were identified in 0.09% (49/53,258) of female cats and 0.05% (15/32,660) of female dogs.
  • Uterine anomalies identified included unicornuate uterus (33 cats and 11 dogs), segmental agenesis of 1 uterine horn (15 cats and 3 dogs), and uterine horn hypoplasia (1 cat and 1 dog).
  • Ipsilateral renal agenesis was present in 29.4% (10/34) of cats and 50.0% (6/12) of dogs with uterine anomalies in which kidneys were evaluated.
  • Mummified ectopic fetuses were identified in 4 cats with uterine anomalies.
  • Both ovaries and both uterine tubes were present in most animals with uterine anomalies.
  • Identification of uterine developmental anomalies in dogs and cats should trigger evaluation of both kidneys and both ovaries because ipsilateral renal agenesis is common, but both ovaries are likely to be present and should be removed during ovariohysterectomy.
  • [MeSH-major] Cat Diseases / pathology. Dog Diseases / pathology. Hysterectomy / veterinary. Ovariectomy / veterinary. Urogenital Abnormalities / veterinary. Uterus / abnormalities

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  • (PMID = 20807131.001).
  • [ISSN] 0003-1488
  • [Journal-full-title] Journal of the American Veterinary Medical Association
  • [ISO-abbreviation] J. Am. Vet. Med. Assoc.
  • [Language] eng
  • [Publication-type] Journal Article; Research Support, Non-U.S. Gov't
  • [Publication-country] United States
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36. |......... 12%  Gaied F, Quiros-Calinoiu E, Emil S: Laparoscopic excision of a rudimentary uterine horn in a child. J Pediatr Surg; 2011 Feb;46(2):411-4
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  • [Source] The source of this record is MEDLINE®, a database of the U.S. National Library of Medicine.
  • [Title] Laparoscopic excision of a rudimentary uterine horn in a child.
  • Unicornuate uterus with a rudimentary horn is the rarest congenital anomaly of the female genital system.
  • This case report is an acute presentation of a cavitated, noncommunicating, rudimentary horn in a premenarcheal girl.
  • [MeSH-major] Laparoscopy / methods. Urogenital Abnormalities / surgery. Uterus / abnormalities. Uterus / surgery
  • [MeSH-minor] Adenosarcoma / surgery. Age Factors. Child. Female. Humans. Uterine Diseases / surgery. Uterine Neoplasms / surgery

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  • [Copyright] Copyright © 2011 Elsevier Inc. All rights reserved.
  • (PMID = 21292100.001).
  • [ISSN] 1531-5037
  • [Journal-full-title] Journal of pediatric surgery
  • [ISO-abbreviation] J. Pediatr. Surg.
  • [Language] eng
  • [Publication-type] Case Reports; Journal Article
  • [Publication-country] United States
  • [Chemical-registry-number] Adenosarcoma of the uterus
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37. |......... 12%  Mandel DC, Beste T, Hope W: Hernia uterine inguinale: an uncommon cause of pelvic pain in the adult female patient. J Minim Invasive Gynecol; 2010 Nov-Dec;17(6):787-90
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  • [Source] The source of this record is MEDLINE®, a database of the U.S. National Library of Medicine.
  • [Title] Hernia uterine inguinale: an uncommon cause of pelvic pain in the adult female patient.
  • Hernia uterine inguinale is a rare condition often presenting within the first few years of life as an asymptomatic palpable mass in the inguinal/groin area.
  • This type of hernia contains uterine tissue and may contain oviducts, ovaries, and rarely the bladder.
  • We report a case of a woman with a history of pelvic pain, found to have a rudimentary uterine horn herniating through the internal inguinal ring.
  • Imaging revealed a solid 6- × 2-cm mass posterolateral to the ascending colon at the level of the pelvic brim in addition to absent right kidney and suspected unicornuate uterus.
  • Surgical findings revealed a right rudimentary uterine horn herniating through the internal inguinal ring, attached to an elongated ovary/and an oviduct tightly tethered to the pelvic side wall.
  • The result of pathologic study was consistent with rudimentary uterine horn, ovary with multiple cortical cysts, normal oviduct, and normal appendix.
  • Hernia uterine inguinale is a rare condition and an even more uncommon cause of pelvic pain, instead presenting as an asymptomatic palpable groin mass early in life.
  • It is most often seen in a phenotypically normal male infant having both testes and uterine tissue present.
  • Abdominal and pelvic imaging is useful in the diagnosis of this condition because it may aid in identifying patients with coexisting mullerian malformations.
  • This subset may be at higher risk for hernia uterine inguinale, and, if presenting with complaints of pain or inguinal mass, it should likewise be considered in the differential diagnosis.
  • [MeSH-major] Hernia, Inguinal / complications. Hernia, Inguinal / surgery. Pelvic Pain / etiology. Pelvic Pain / surgery. Uterus / surgery

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  • [Copyright] Copyright © 2010 AAGL. Published by Elsevier Inc. All rights reserved.
  • (PMID = 20955990.001).
  • [ISSN] 1553-4669
  • [Journal-full-title] Journal of minimally invasive gynecology
  • [ISO-abbreviation] J Minim Invasive Gynecol
  • [Language] eng
  • [Publication-type] Case Reports; Journal Article
  • [Publication-country] United States
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38. |......... 12%  Robbins JB, Parry JP, Guite KM, Hanson ME, Chow LC, Kliewer MA, Sadowski EA: MRI of pregnancy-related issues: müllerian duct anomalies. AJR Am J Roentgenol; 2012 Feb;198(2):302-10
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  • [Source] The source of this record is MEDLINE®, a database of the U.S. National Library of Medicine.
  • CONCLUSION: Whereas uterine and vaginal septa, vaginal agenesis, and unicornuate uterus can be managed surgically, other uterine anomalies tend to be managed clinically.
  • [MeSH-major] Magnetic Resonance Imaging / methods. Mullerian Ducts / abnormalities. Pregnancy Complications / diagnosis. Urogenital Abnormalities / diagnosis

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  • (PMID = 22268172.001).
  • [ISSN] 1546-3141
  • [Journal-full-title] AJR. American journal of roentgenology
  • [ISO-abbreviation] AJR Am J Roentgenol
  • [Language] eng
  • [Publication-type] Journal Article; Review
  • [Publication-country] United States
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39. |......... 11%  Seckin B, Sarikaya E, Oruc AS, Celen S, Cicek N: Office hysteroscopic findings in patients with two, three, and four or more, consecutive miscarriages. Eur J Contracept Reprod Health Care; 2012 Oct;17(5):393-8
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  • [Source] The source of this record is MEDLINE®, a database of the U.S. National Library of Medicine.
  • OBJECTIVES: To assess hysteroscopic findings in patients with two, three, and four or more, consecutive miscarriages, and to compare the prevalence of uterine abnormalities between women with different numbers of such miscarriages.
  • Congenital (arcuate uterus, septate uterus, unicornuate uterus) and acquired uterine abnormalities (intrauterine adhesions, polyp and submucous myoma) were recorded.
  • RESULTS: No anomalies were detected in 152 patients (57%), whereas 43 (16%) had a septate uterus, 30 (11%) an arcuate uterus, three (1%) a unicornuate uterus, 18 (7%) intrauterine adhesions, 17 (6 %) endometrial polyps, and two (1%) a submucous myoma.
  • No significant differences were found between the groups with regard to either congenital or acquired uterine abnormalities.
  • CONCLUSIONS: Patients with two, three, and four or more consecutive miscarriages have a similar prevalence of uterine anatomical abnormalities.
  • [MeSH-major] Abortion, Habitual / diagnosis. Hysteroscopy / statistics & numerical data
  • [MeSH-minor] Adolescent. Adult. Delivery, Obstetric / statistics & numerical data. Female. Humans. Medical Records. Parity. Pregnancy. Prospective Studies. Turkey / epidemiology. Uterine Diseases / complications. Uterine Diseases / epidemiology. Uterus / abnormalities

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  • (PMID = 22974433.001).
  • [ISSN] 1473-0782
  • [Journal-full-title] The European journal of contraception & reproductive health care : the official journal of the European Society of Contraception
  • [ISO-abbreviation] Eur J Contracept Reprod Health Care
  • [Language] eng
  • [Publication-type] Journal Article
  • [Publication-country] England
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40. |......... 11%  Brucker SY, Rall K, Campo R, Oppelt P, Isaacson K: Treatment of congenital malformations. Semin Reprod Med; 2011 Mar;29(2):101-12
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  • [Source] The source of this record is MEDLINE®, a database of the U.S. National Library of Medicine.
  • [Title] Treatment of congenital malformations.
  • A third of the anomalies are septate, a third bicornuate uteri, 10% arcuate uterus, 10% didelphis and unicornuate uterus, and < 5% uterine and vaginal aplasia.
  • Correct diagnosis of the malformation is most important but often very difficult.
  • Correct treatment can only be performed if the malformation is clear.
  • Congenital vaginal agenesis occurs in Mayer-Rokitansky-Kuster-Hauser syndrome patients and in androgen insensitivity syndrome.
  • Septate uterus has to be distinguished from a bicornuate uterus.
  • Repair of a uterine septum in infertility patients often improves pregnancy rates.
  • In contrast, surgical repair of a bicornuate uterus requires an abdominal metroplasty.
  • This should only be performed if the patient has recurrent fetal loss due to the uterine structural defect.
  • In a unicornuate uterus it is most important to determine if there is a second uterine horn that can cause cyclic pain if it has functioning endometrium.
  • The only surgical option in these cases is to remove the rudimentary uterus with endometrium and hematometra, respectively.
  • [MeSH-major] Gynecologic Surgical Procedures. Uterus / abnormalities
  • [MeSH-minor] Amenorrhea / etiology. Female. Hematocolpos / etiology. Hematometra / etiology. Humans. Laparoscopy. Mullerian Ducts / abnormalities. Pregnancy. Reconstructive Surgical Procedures. Skin Transplantation. Surgical Flaps. Uterine Diseases / therapy. Vagina / abnormalities. Vagina / surgery

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  • [Copyright] © Thieme Medical Publishers.
  • (PMID = 21437824.001).
  • [ISSN] 1526-4564
  • [Journal-full-title] Seminars in reproductive medicine
  • [ISO-abbreviation] Semin. Reprod. Med.
  • [Language] eng
  • [Publication-type] Journal Article; Review
  • [Publication-country] United States
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41. |......... 11%  Kumar S, Satija B, Wadhwa L: Complex mullerian duct anomaly in a young female with primary amenorrhoea, infertility, and chronic pelvic pain. J Hum Reprod Sci; 2012 Sep;5(3):295-7
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  • [Source] The source of this record is MEDLINE®, a database of the U.S. National Library of Medicine.
  • Various complex Mullerian duct anomalies may exist with combination of features of more than one class.
  • The patient was evaluated by sonography and Magnetic Resonance Imaging and diagnosed as case of complex mullerian duct anomaly, a unicornuate uterus with cervical dysgenesis and cavitated, noncommunicating, rudimentary right horn.
  • There should be an integrated clinico-radiological classification scheme and familiarity with rare and complex anomalies for appropriate diagnosis and management of complex Mullerian duct anomalies.

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  • (PMID = 23532462.001).
  • [ISSN] 0974-1208
  • [Journal-full-title] Journal of human reproductive sciences
  • [ISO-abbreviation] J Hum Reprod Sci
  • [Language] eng
  • [Publication-type] Journal Article
  • [Publication-country] India
  • [Other-IDs] NLM/ PMC3604840
  • [Keywords] NOTNLM ; Cervical dysgenesis / magnetic resonance imaging / mullerian duct anomaly / rudimentary horn / unicornuate
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42. |......... 11%  Amritha B, Sumangali T, Priya B, Deepak S, Sharadha R: A rare case of term viable secondary abdominal pregnancy following rupture of a rudimentary horn: a case report. J Med Case Rep; 2009;3:38
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  • [Source] The source of this record is MEDLINE®, a database of the U.S. National Library of Medicine.
  • [Title] A rare case of term viable secondary abdominal pregnancy following rupture of a rudimentary horn: a case report.
  • INTRODUCTION: Abdominal pregnancy is a rare event, but one that represents a grave risk to the health of the pregnant woman.
  • CASE PRESENTATION: This is a case report of a 22-year-old primigravida with an abdominal pregnancy from a ruptured rudimentary horn.
  • Intra-operatively, a live term female baby was extracted from the peritoneal cavity and it turned out to be an abdominal pregnancy from a ruptured rudimentary horn of a unicornuate uterus, which is a very rare condition.

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  • [Cites] Obstet Gynecol Surv. 1991 Aug;46(8):515-25 [1886705.001]
  • [Cites] Am J Obstet Gynecol. 1983 Jul 1;146(5):519-25 [6859176.001]
  • [Cites] Am J Obstet Gynecol. 1988 Jul;159(1):150-1 [3394735.001]
  • [Cites] Obstet Gynecol. 1988 Apr;71(4):549-57 [3281075.001]
  • (PMID = 19178737.001).
  • [ISSN] 1752-1947
  • [Journal-full-title] Journal of medical case reports
  • [ISO-abbreviation] J Med Case Rep
  • [Language] eng
  • [Publication-type] Journal Article
  • [Publication-country] England
  • [Other-IDs] NLM/ PMC2640409
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43. |......... 11%  Bermejo C, Martínez Ten P, Cantarero R, Diaz D, Pérez Pedregosa J, Barrón E, Labrador E, Ruiz López L: Three-dimensional ultrasound in the diagnosis of Müllerian duct anomalies and concordance with magnetic resonance imaging. Ultrasound Obstet Gynecol; 2010 May;35(5):593-601
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  • [Source] The source of this record is MEDLINE®, a database of the U.S. National Library of Medicine.
  • [Title] Three-dimensional ultrasound in the diagnosis of Müllerian duct anomalies and concordance with magnetic resonance imaging.
  • OBJECTIVES: To demonstrate the value of three-dimensional (3D) ultrasound in the diagnosis of uterine malformations and its concordance with magnetic resonance imaging (MRI).
  • METHODS: This study included 286 women diagnosed with uterine malformation by 3D ultrasound, having been referred to our clinics on suspicion of uterine malformation following clinical and/or conventional two-dimensional ultrasound examination.
  • We analyzed the diagnostic concordance between the techniques in the study of uterine malformations.
  • RESULTS: Using 3D ultrasound we diagnosed: one case with uterine agenesis; 10 with unicornuate uterus, four of which also underwent MRI; six with didelphic uterus, one of which had MRI; 45 with bicornuate uterus, 12 of which had MRI; 125 with septate uterus (18 with two cervices), 42 of which had MRI (six with two cervices); 96 with arcuate uterus, three of which had MRI; and three with diethylstilbestrol (DES) iatrogenic uterine malformations, all of which had MRI.
  • Among the 65 which underwent MRI, the diagnosis was: four cases with unicornuate uterus, 10 with bicornuate uterus (two with two cervices), 45 with septate uterus (five with two cervices), three with arcuate uterus and three with DES-related uterine malformations.
  • Discrepancies in diagnosis between the two techniques occurred in four cases.
  • There was very good concordance in the diagnosis of associated findings (kappa index, 0.878 (95% CI, 0.775-0.980)), this analysis identifying differences in two cases.
  • CONCLUSIONS: There is a high degree of concordance between 3D ultrasound and MRI in the diagnosis of uterine malformations, the relationship between cavity and fundus being visualized equally well with both techniques.
  • [MeSH-major] Mullerian Ducts / abnormalities. Uterine Diseases / diagnosis. Uterus / abnormalities

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  • [Copyright] Copyright 2010 ISUOG. Published by John Wiley & Sons, Ltd.
  • (PMID = 20052665.001).
  • [ISSN] 1469-0705
  • [Journal-full-title] Ultrasound in obstetrics & gynecology : the official journal of the International Society of Ultrasound in Obstetrics and Gynecology
  • [ISO-abbreviation] Ultrasound Obstet Gynecol
  • [Language] eng
  • [Publication-type] Journal Article
  • [Publication-country] England
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44. |......... 11%  Agarwal M, Das A, Singh AS: Dysmenorrhea due to a rare müllerian anomaly. Niger J Clin Pract; 2011 Jul-Sep;14(3):377-9
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  • [Source] The source of this record is MEDLINE®, a database of the U.S. National Library of Medicine.
  • Unicornuate uterus with a noncommunicating functional rudimentary horn is a type of müllerian anomaly that results in obstruction to menstrual blood flow, leading to endometriosis and dysmenorrhea.
  • Though the majority of cases of dysmenorrhea in adolescents are primary in nature and require only reassurance and symptomatic management, it is important to be aware of rare causes such as müllerian anomalies so that these cases can be properly managed.
  • [MeSH-major] Dysmenorrhea / etiology. Hematometra / surgery. Mullerian Ducts / abnormalities. Ovarian Cysts / surgery. Uterus / abnormalities

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  • (PMID = 22037089.001).
  • [ISSN] 1119-3077
  • [Journal-full-title] Nigerian journal of clinical practice
  • [ISO-abbreviation] Niger J Clin Pract
  • [Language] eng
  • [Publication-type] Case Reports; Journal Article
  • [Publication-country] India
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45. |......... 11%  Takahata A, Koyama T, Kido A, Kataoka M, Umeoka S, Nishizawa S, Nishimura T, Togashi K: The frequency of the plicae palmatae in the uterine cervix on MR imaging. Abdom Imaging; 2009 Mar-Apr;34(2):277-9
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  • [Source] The source of this record is MEDLINE®, a database of the U.S. National Library of Medicine.
  • [Title] The frequency of the plicae palmatae in the uterine cervix on MR imaging.
  • The identification of the plicae palmatae on MR imaging is beneficial for avoiding misinterpretation of this finding as anomalous uterine septum.
  • METHODS: Axial T2-weighted images in 433 subjects were evaluated regarding the presence of the plicae palmatae and uterine anomaly.
  • In three subjects with uterine anomalies, the plicae palmatae was recognized in a bicornuate uterus with single cervix, whereas it was not identified in unicornuate uterus and bicornuate uterus with duplicated cervices.
  • CONCLUSION: The plicae palmatae is commonly encountered in routine MR images of normal uterus, especially in reproductive-aged women.
  • [MeSH-major] Cervix Uteri / anatomy & histology. Magnetic Resonance Imaging


46. |......... 11%  Bernardini L, Gimelli S, Gervasini C, Carella M, Baban A, Frontino G, Barbano G, Divizia MT, Fedele L, Novelli A, Béna F, Lalatta F, Miozzo M, Dallapiccola B: Recurrent microdeletion at 17q12 as a cause of Mayer-Rokitansky-Kuster-Hauser (MRKH) syndrome: two case reports. Orphanet J Rare Dis; 2009;4:25
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  • [Source] The source of this record is MEDLINE®, a database of the U.S. National Library of Medicine.
  • BACKGROUND: Mayer-Rokitansky-Kuster-Hauser syndrome (MRKH) consists of congenital aplasia of the uterus and the upper part of vagina due to anomalous development of Müllerian ducts, either isolated or associated with other congenital malformations, including renal, skeletal, hearing and heart defects.
  • This disorder has an incidence of approximately 1 in 4500 newborn girls and the aetiology is poorly understood.
  • One patient was affected by complete absence of uterus and vagina, with bilaterally normal ovaries, while the other displayed agenesis of the upper part of vagina, right unicornuate uterus, non cavitating rudimentary left horn and bilaterally multicystic kidneys.
  • [MeSH-minor] Adolescent. Adult. Bone and Bones / abnormalities. Comparative Genomic Hybridization. Female. Heart Defects, Congenital / genetics. Hepatocyte Nuclear Factor 1-beta / genetics. Homeodomain Proteins / genetics. Humans. Kidney / abnormalities. LIM-Homeodomain Proteins. Syndrome. Transcription Factors. Uterus / abnormalities. Vagina / abnormalities


47. |......... 11%  Stamatopoulos C, Tsimpanakos I, McKenzie-Gray B, Gkioulekas N, Korkontzelos I, Magos A: An unusual case of cervical diverticulum identified by presence of 3 cavities at diagnostic hysteroscopy. J Minim Invasive Gynecol; 2013 Mar-Apr;20(2):238-40
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  • [Source] The source of this record is MEDLINE®, a database of the U.S. National Library of Medicine.
  • Herein is presented the case report of a patient who had severe dysmenorrhea since menarche, known right unicornuate uterus with a left rudimentary horn, and recurrent hematometra.
  • At subsequent hysteroscopy, 3 cavities were identified, 2 corresponding to the uterine horns and the other to a cervical diverticulum.
  • Hysteroscopic metroplasty with drainage of the rudimentary horn hematometra provided long-term relief of the symptoms.
  • The diagnosis was verified at diagnostic laparoscopy.
  • [MeSH-major] Diverticulum / surgery. Uterine Cervical Diseases / surgery. Uterus / surgery

  • MedlinePlus Health Information. consumer health - Cervix Disorders.
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  • [Copyright] Crown Copyright © 2013. Published by Elsevier Inc. All rights reserved.
  • (PMID = 23465259.001).
  • [ISSN] 1553-4669
  • [Journal-full-title] Journal of minimally invasive gynecology
  • [ISO-abbreviation] J Minim Invasive Gynecol
  • [Language] eng
  • [Publication-type] Case Reports; Journal Article
  • [Publication-country] United States
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48. |......... 11%  Tran CN, Semins MJ, Epstein JI, Gearhart JP: Ovotesticular disorder of sex development with mosaic 45,X/46,X,idic(Y) (q11.23) karyotype and streak gonad. Urology; 2011 Nov;78(5):1178-81
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  • [Source] The source of this record is MEDLINE®, a database of the U.S. National Library of Medicine.
  • [Title] Ovotesticular disorder of sex development with mosaic 45,X/46,X,idic(Y) (q11.23) karyotype and streak gonad.
  • Pelvic ultrasonography, genitogram, and magnetic resonance imaging confirmed a long common urogenital sinus, vagina, cervix, unicornuate uterus, phallus, and bilateral intra-abdominal gonads resembling testes.
  • The histopathologic findings were consistent with ovotesticular disorder of sex development with a unique combination of testis and ovary on the left and testis and streak gonad on the right.

  • Genetic Alliance. consumer health - Turner syndrome.
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  • [Copyright] Copyright © 2011 Elsevier Inc. All rights reserved.
  • (PMID = 21550644.001).
  • [ISSN] 1527-9995
  • [Journal-full-title] Urology
  • [ISO-abbreviation] Urology
  • [Language] eng
  • [Publication-type] Case Reports; Journal Article
  • [Publication-country] United States
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49. |......... 11%  Chifan M, Tîrnovanu M, Grigore M, Zanoschi C: Cervical incompetence associated with congenital uterine malformations. Rev Med Chir Soc Med Nat Iasi; 2012 Oct-Dec;116(4):1063-8
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  • [Source] The source of this record is MEDLINE®, a database of the U.S. National Library of Medicine.
  • [Title] Cervical incompetence associated with congenital uterine malformations.
  • AIM: To estimate the incidence of incompetence of the uterine cervix at patients with congenital uterine malformations.
  • MATERIAL AND METHODS: Our study was a retrospective and prospective one between 2002 and 2009.
  • RESULTS: We had 316 cases with congenital uterine malformations.
  • From these we found 49 (15.3%) women with incompetence of the cervix: 8 (2.5%) with unicornuate uterus, 11 (3.4%) with bicornuate uterus and 30 (9.5%) cases uterus with septum.
  • The use of ultrasonography has been very helpful with the diagnosis, and is made when the cervical os (opening) is greater than 2.5 cm, or the length has shortened to less than 20 mm.
  • CONCLUSIONS: When we have cases with congenital uterine malformations we must think that incompetence of the cervix could be associated, so we must assess the status of the cervix for these patients by serial ultrasound examinations starting between 16 and 20 weeks of gestation.
  • Our patients had preterm delivery caused not only the incompetent cervix, but the malformation of the uterus is implicated also.
  • [MeSH-major] Obstetric Labor, Premature / ultrasonography. Ultrasonography, Prenatal. Uterine Cervical Incompetence / ultrasonography. Uterus / ultrasonography

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  • (PMID = 23700889.001).
  • [ISSN] 0048-7848
  • [Journal-full-title] Revista medico-chirurgicală̆ a Societă̆ţ̜ii de Medici ş̧i Naturaliş̧ti din Iaş̧i
  • [ISO-abbreviation] Rev Med Chir Soc Med Nat Iasi
  • [Language] eng
  • [Publication-type] Journal Article
  • [Publication-country] Romania
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50. |......... 10%  Cerekja A, Dillon KC, Racanska E, Piazze J: Unicornuate uteri associated with contralateral renal agenesis and ovarian anomalies. J Turk Ger Gynecol Assoc; 2011;12(3):189-91
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  • [Source] The source of this record is MEDLINE®, a database of the U.S. National Library of Medicine.
  • [Title] Unicornuate uteri associated with contralateral renal agenesis and ovarian anomalies.
  • Our findings regarding two cases of unicornuate uterus validate that conventional transvaginal ultrasound is helpful in diagnosing uterine anomalies.

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  • (PMID = 24591991.001).
  • [ISSN] 1309-0399
  • [Journal-full-title] Journal of the Turkish German Gynecological Association
  • [ISO-abbreviation] J Turk Ger Gynecol Assoc
  • [Language] eng
  • [Publication-type] Journal Article
  • [Publication-country] Turkey
  • [Other-IDs] NLM/ PMC3939280
  • [Keywords] NOTNLM ; Unicornuate uterus / ovarian anomalies / renal agenesis
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